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      adj highest in rank or position ¶ the greatest possible
      The Supreme Court is the highest court in a state of the US or in the whole of the US.
      Winning a Grammy Award was the supreme moment of my life.
      Television exposure is of supreme importance in American politics.
      The allies have established air supremacy.
      The king is an absolute monarch with supreme executive, legislative, and judicial powers.
      n[C] sb whose job is to analyse a subject and give opinions about it ¶ a doctor who helps people with mental or emotional problems
      Chandler has been working as a data analyst in New York.
      Political analysts don't expect the Conservatives to win.
      A shrink is a psychoanalyst or psychiatrist.
      The idea of psychoanalysis first started to receive serious attention under Sigmund Freud.
      n[C] sb who competes in sports ¶ sb who is good at sports
      She became a professional athlete at the age of 14.
      He has the build of an athlete.
      Most first-class footballers are natural athletes.
      The athletes are training hard for the Olympics.
      The "Olympic Village" was built in 2002 to house the Olympic athletes.
      Athlete's foot is a fungal infection in which the skin between the toes becomes cracked or peels off.
      Athlete's foot is also a problem for people who wear tight trainers (sneakers, tennis shoes) or don't dry their feet properly.
      n[C] sb who comes to live in a country from another country
      Illegal immigrants are sent back across the border if they are caught.
      European immigrants settled much of Australia.
      She was the daughter of Chinese immigrants to America.
      Most of the population here are first-and second-generation immigrants.
      v[IT] organize and begin sth ¶ increase gradually ¶ get on a horse or bicycle ¶ climb up ¶ fix sth into position on sth
      n[C] a piece of stiff paper on which you attach a picture etc ¶ a base on which sth is fixed
      The gallery has mounted an exhibition of art by women painters.
      In late 1998, Nashiri proposed mounting an attack against a U.S. vessel.
      Tension here is mounting, as we await the final result.
      She went to the stable where her horse was, harnessed it, mounted, and rode out to the beach.
      He mounted the platform and began to speak to the assembled crowd.
      The prints were beautifully mounted.
      The CCTV camera is mounted above the main door.
      Closed-circuit television (CCTV), also known as video surveillance, is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of monitors.
      The specimens were carefully mounted on slides.
      Mount Everest is the Earth's highest mountain, with a peak at 8,848 meters (29,029 ft) above sea level.
      n[C] a measurement of how good, popular etc sb/sth is ¶ a number or letter that shows which groups of people a movie is suitable for
      Your credit rating is a judgment of how likely you are to pay money back if you borrow it or buy things on credit.
      You are then given a credit score - a high rating for payments and loans that have been settled on time, and a lower score for late or defaulted payments.
      The series' ratings have dipped sharply.
      PBS will end the series if it continues to drop in the ratings.
      FRIENDS had high ratings right from the start.
      With over 3,000 branches, they get good ratings for accessibility and financial health.
      By the end of the year the President's approval rating had fallen as low as 12 percent.
      He had the lowest opinion poll rating of any president this century.
      In the United States, the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA), through the Classification and Rating Administration (CARA), issues ratings for movies.
      The ratings (as of 2013) are: General Audiences (G), Parental Guidance Suggested (PG), Parents Strongly Cautioned (PG-13), Restricted (R), and No One 17 and Under Admitted (NC-17).
      AG-rating means the movie is appropriate for anyone.
      n[C] sb whose religion is Islam
      A Muslim is someone who believes in Islam and lives according to its rules.
      The Quran (literally meaning "the recitation," also romanised Qur'an or Koran) is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Allah).
      Muslims believe that the Quran was verbally revealed from God to Muhammad.
      A mosque is a building in which Muslims worship.
      The word "Mecca" in English has come to be used to refer to any place that draws large numbers of people, and because of this many Muslims regard the use of this spelling for the city as offensive.
      The Saudi government adopted Makkah as the official spelling in the 1980s, but is not universally known or used worldwide.
      n[U] an opinion you give sb about what they should do
      There's lots of advice in the book on health care.
      Could you give me some advice about buying a laptop computer?
      If I were you, I'd get some professional legal advice.
      I followed my mother's advice and get married.
      Take my advice and study something practical.
      Let me give you a piece of advice.
      On his doctor's advice he decided to take early retirement.
      n[U] the Muslim religion ¶ all Muslims and Muslim countries in the world
      Islam is a monotheistic religion characterized by the acceptance of the doctrine of submission to God and to Muhammad as the chief and last prophet of God.
      Moscow Cathedral Mosque is a building for Islamic religious activities and worship.
      This web site is for people of various faiths who seek to understand Islam and Muslims.
      The messenger of Allah said: Islam is to testify that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, to perform the prayers, to pay the zakat, to fast in Ramadan, and to make the pilgrimage to the House if you are able to do so.
      n[CU] the fact of being male or female, sex ¶ all male people or all female people ¶ classification of a noun etc as masculine, feminine, or neuter
      Does this test show the gender of the baby?
      Discrimination on grounds of race or gender is not allowed.
      Employers value graduates who have a keen understanding of the impact of cultural, racial, and gender diversity in the workplace, and who comprehend the global nature of business and industry.
      While her observations may be true about some men, they could hardly apply to the entire gender.
      In both Welsh and Irish the word for 'moon' is of feminine gender.
      n[C] a period of time that has a particular quality or character, age
      We are living in the computer era.
      Recognizing that his death marked the end of an era in the progress of civilization, countless individuals, communities, and corporations throughout the world dimmed their lights and, or, briefly turned off their electric power in his honor on the evening of the day he was laid to rest at his beautiful estate at Glenmont, New Jersey.
      The Jurassic constitutes the middle period of the Mesozoic Era, also known as the Age of Reptiles.
      The most comprehensive map of North America produced during the Colonial Era, it represented the various territorial claims made by not only the competing British and French empires but also by the various British colonies.
      In the golden era of XP, Microsoft was actually worth more, inflation adjusted, than Apple is today.
      v[T] surprise sb very much, astonish
      Monica amazed her friends by suddenly getting married.
      It amazed Ross that his wife was a lesbian.
      They were amazed at the change in her appearance.
      Her energy and strength amazed and inspired us.
      I knew it wasn't a rock, but I was amazed to learn it is a mammoth tooth.
      We climbed up and were amazed to see a lake, as dark as slate.
      n[CU] a general principle or belief that affects the way people behave ¶ moral philosophy
      Work ethic is a value based on hard work and diligence. It is also a belief in the moral benefit of work and its ability to enhance character.
      Once I was giving a lecture on medical ethics at the University of Chicago Medical School.
      Ross was bound by a professor's code of ethics.
      Research and teaching covers the areas of biomedical ethics and other areas of applied ethics, including gene therapy.
      Ethics, sometimes known as moral philosophy, is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct, often addressing disputes of moral diversity.
      v[T] give sb advice
      n[UC] advice ¶ lawyer
      Some friends had counseled him to bring at least one trusted Army staffer to Langley with him, but Petraeus rejected the idea.
      She has spent about five years counseling rape victims.
      A counsel or a counselor gives advice, particularly in legal matters. It is a title often used interchangeably with the title of lawyer.
      The witness was cross-examined by the prosecuting counsel.
      Joshua's counsel said after the trial that he would appeal.
      Listen to the counsel/advice of your elders.
      n[C] a narrow beam of light, heat, electricity, or other energy ¶ a small amount of sth good ¶ a sea fish
      A ray of sunshine shone through a gap in the clouds.
      Carol's brooch caught the rays of the setting sun.
      The sun's rays can penetrate water up to 10 feet.
      Ultraviolet rays damage the skin.
      The Earth is bombarded by gamma rays all the time, but usually there aren't enough to do any damage to us.
      Your skin needs protection from the sun's rays.
      There is still a ray of hope that he is alive.
      Call me naive. But I can't help feeling a ray of sunshine on my cynical old face.
      "A ray of sunshine" is someone who is happy and makes other people feel happy.
      Rays are distinguished by their flattened bodies, enlarged pectoral fins that are fused to the head, and gill slits that are placed on their ventral surfaces.
      v[T] make sth more difficult to deal with or understand ¶ make an illness worse
      To complicate matters further, everybody's vitamin requirements vary.
      The breathing problem has now been complicated by a chest infection.
      We inform patients as to the risks involved in having a pregnancy complicated by diabetes and how these are minimized.
      It will only complicate the situation if we invite his old girlfriend as well.
      I had to fill in this really complicated form.
      The relationship is a bit complicated. He's my mother's cousin's daughter's child.
      n[U] a food consisting of small white or brown grains that are eaten cooked
      Rice consists of grains taken from a cereal plant.
      One cup of rice makes about two cups of cooked rice.
      I ate three bowls of rice for lunch.
      In this version of sushi we use ordinary rice, as sushi rice is expensive.
      Which do you prefer, rice vinegar or lemon juice?
      Bean sprouts and green onion add flavor to this easy egg fried rice recipe.
      "Char siu" literally means "fork burn/roast" after the traditional cooking method for the dish.
      Char siu is typically consumed with starch, whether inside a bun (cha siu baau, 叉燒包), with noodles (cha siu mein, 叉燒麵), or with rice (cha siu fan, 叉燒飯) in fast food establishments, or served alone as a centerpiece or main dish in traditional family dining establishments.
      Char siu is often consumed alongside one of these other meat dishes when eaten as an independent lunch item on a per-person basis in a "rice box" meal.
      n[C] sb who was in the military ¶ sb who has had a lot of experience of a particular activity
      They approved a $1.1 billion package of pay increases for the veterans of the Persian Gulf War.
      The ceremony was attended by many of the surviving veterans of World War II.
      Gary is a 20-year veteran of the New York Police Department.
      Mamnoon Hussain, a veteran Pakistani politician and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif's trusted ally, was elected president.
      Throughout the veteran car era, however, the automobile was seen more as a novelty than as a genuinely useful device.
      Many veteran cars use a tiller, rather than a wheel for steering.
      A vintage car is, in the most general sense, an old automobile, and in the narrower senses of car enthusiasts and collectors, it is a car from the period of 1919 to 1930.
      n[CU] a department or group of departments in a university ¶ all the teachers ¶ a natural ability ¶ a particular skill
      Over the years Queen's Faculty of Law has moved up steadily in the Maclean's ranking.
      The department is composed of 19 tenure track faculty, several adjunct faculty and approximately 60 graduate students.
      Law has been studied at Cambridge University since the thirteenth century. Today, the Faculty has more than seventy teaching staff.
      The salary of a university faculty member is dependent on a number of factors.
      She is over ninety but still has all her faculties.
      I have a great faculty for absorbing information.
      'dezət di'zə:t
      n[CU] a large area of land that has very little water and very few plants growing on it ¶ a place where nothing happens
      v[T] abandon
      v[I] leave the army, navy etc without permission
      The Sahara (Arabic: الصحراء الكبرى‎, sa'hrāʾ al-Kubrā , 'the Great Desert') is the largest hot desert and third largest desert after Antarctica and the Arctic.
      This town is a cultural desert.
      Carol deserted her husband, Ross, for Susan.
      A soldier who deserts his post in time of war is punished severely.
      Julie felt that her luck had deserted her.
      If a feeling, quality, or skill deserts you, you no longer have it, especially at a time when you need it.
      Suddenly my confidence deserted me.
      v[T] publicly support a particular policy or way of doing things
      n[C] sb who ~ sth ¶ a lawyer
      Advocates of euthanasia in the UK aim to change the law to make physician assisted suicide legal.
      Those who advocate doctor-assisted suicide say the terminally ill should not have to suffer.
      She's a passionate advocate of natural childbirth.
      Privacy advocates suspect the tags will be used to track shoppers.
      Socrates would play devil's advocate (pretend to disagree with someone in order to start an argument or interesting discussion) with anyone.
      n[C] a small object that holds sth in position ¶ a piece of jewelry with two parts that press tightly together ¶ a container for bullets that is loaded into a gun
      v[IT] fasten sth with a ~ ¶ cut sth with scissors or a similar sharp tool ¶ hit sth quickly at an angle, often by accident ¶ slightly reduce
      n[Cs] a short part of a movie or TV program that is shown separately ¶ cutting
      A paper clip is a small piece of bent wire that is used to fasten papers together.
      A clipboard is a small board with a clip at the top for holding papers, used by someone who wants to write while standing or moving around.
      A bulldog clip is a metal clip with a spring lever that opens and closes two flat pieces of metal. It is used for holding papers together.
      Carol took the diamond clip out of her hair.
      "Do those earrings clip on?" Susan asked.
      Are you happy with your nail clippers? I'm serious. The pair I've been using, which is just one of those regular foldable stainless steel ones, tears up my nails.
      A man was clipping his hedge.
      He gave the hedge a clip.
      I've seen a clip from the new James Bond movie.
      A microphone was clipped to his tie.
      A bus swerved and clipped a parked car.
      Liu Xiang clipped half a second off the world record.
      prep multiplied by
      n[pl] used to express multiplication
      v[T] multiply
      Two times two is four.
      Two times three equals six.
      Then you times that by 10.
      This book is three times as long as that one.
      This book is two times longer than that one.
      n[U] extent to which sth is covered ¶ the reporting of events etc in media ¶ the range of information included in a book etc ¶ the protection an insurance company gives you
      The course offers good coverage of the subject.
      More satellites are needed to provide telephone coverage in remote areas.
      Regardless of who wins today, I'll be skipping any TV coverage of the Obama gathering in Chicago's Grant Park.
      These tabloid magazines, and these trashy magazines and media always try to manipulate and make her look like the bad girl, but I don't listen to media coverage.
      20.4 percent of people in Chicago did not have health insurance coverage, compared with 15.1 percent nationally.
      v[T] completely get rid of sth ¶ defeat a person or a team so that they no longer take part in a competition ¶ kill an enemy or opponent
      Massive construction machines eliminate the need for thousands to toil with low-tech hand tools.
      If you think you may be allergic to a food or drink, eliminate it from your diet.
      Take a sniff. Are there any unpleasant odours in your home? If so, track them down and eliminate them.
      The peace process was meant to eliminate the possibility of another such war.
      I was eliminated in the first round of the competition.
      Joseph Stalin had eliminated all his political opponents.
      If the police eliminate someone from their enquiries, they decide that that person did not commit a particular crime.