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      n[C] a separate part of anything
      v[T] divide sth into parts
      When eating a grapefruit, you can peel it and divide it into segments, like an orange.
      Another way to eat the grapefruit is to cut it in half, and scoop out the segments with a serrated grapefruit spoon.
      Centipedes have long, segmented bodies, with each segment having a pair of legs.
      Each segment in the scale bar at the bottom represents one centimeter.
      Three-to-five day cruises are the fastest-growing segment of the market.
      City Insurance segmented the market into three by issuing three types of policy.
      In geometry, a line segment is a part of a line that is bounded by two distinct end points, and contains every point on the line between its end points.
      v[T] state sth as a fact but without giving proof
      It took 15 years for the alleged criminals to prove their innocence.
      The two women allege that the police forced them to make false confessions.
      Mr. Peterson is alleged to have been at the center of an international drugs ring.
      Republicans Allege Obama Deception on Health Plan Cancellation
      In law, an allegation (also called adduction) is a claim of a fact by a party in a pleading, charge, or defense.
      Until they can be proved, allegations remain merely assertions.
      n[C] a famous person
      n[U] fame
      A celebrity is someone who is famous, especially in areas of entertainment such as films, music, writing, or sport.
      People (originally called People Weekly) is a weekly American magazine of celebrity and human-interest stories, published by Time Inc.
      We custom-make tuxedos for celebrities.
      Joey is gonna be a celebrity guest on a game show!
      It's very impressive when the little people know a celebrity.
      Ross and Rachel have a deal, where they each get to pick five celebrities that they can sleep with, and the other one can't get mad.
      If a person or thing achieves celebrity, they become famous.
      n[UC] an exciting, unusual, and sometimes dangerous experience
      She had some exciting adventures in Egypt.
      Her cultural background gave her a spirit of adventure.
      Come on, where's your sense of adventure?
      We got lost on the Metro; it was quite an adventure.
      So I would like to raise my glass to Monica and Chandler and the beautiful adventure they are about to embark upon together.
      Phoebe you're so wonderfully weird. Every day with you is an adventure.
      adj for attacking ¶ unpleasant or insulting, and likely to make people upset or embarrassed
      n[C] a major military attack
      When the Europeans arrived, the main offensive weapon of a warrior in north-eastern America, was the bow and arrow.
      On 21 March 1918, the German Army launched a massive offensive against the British lines near the town of St Quentin.
      The Apacs Stern 90 Offensive is the latest Apacs Stern Series racket. This racket is designed for player who wants speed.
      It was very offensive to my people! Russians! It showed them as terrorists and villains!
      I was just at this bachelorette party and they had a cake that was in the shape of a man's thing. And I was wondering, what would you have thought of that? Offensive or amusing?
      If you go on the offensive, go over to the offensive, or take the offensive, you begin to take strong action against people who have been attacking you.
      If you say that someone has launched a charm offensive, you disapprove of the fact that they are being very friendly to their opponents or people who are causing problems for them.
      n[UC] act/place of coming or bringing to land ¶ the floor at the top of a set of stairs or between two sets of stairs
      Keep your seat-belt fastened during take-off and landing.
      A landing craft is a small boat designed for the landing of troops and equipment on the shore.
      A landing stage is a platform built over water where boats stop to let people get off, or to load or unload goods.
      A landing strip is a long flat piece of land from which aircraft can take off and land, especially one used only by private or military aircraft.
      The landing gear of an aircraft is its wheels and the structures that support the wheels.
      Because of engine trouble the plane had to make an emergency landing.
      In an event of a water landing, could this seat be used as a flotation device?
      There is no safe landing on that coast.
      In economics, a soft landing is a situation in which the economy stops growing but this does not produce a recession.
      Just as Monica and Rachel reach the landing they see Danny out in the hall talking to a guest.
      Travelers who feel vulnerable may want to request rooms away from the elevator landing and stairwells. This is to avoid being caught by surprise by persons exiting the elevator or hiding in the stairwell.
      n[CU] an area of water near the land where it is safe for boats to stay
      v[T] contain sth, esp sth hidden and dangerous ¶ protect and hide criminals that the police are searching for ¶ have in mind a thought or feeling, usu over a long period
      The Statue of Liberty stands in New York Harbor.
      Ports are commercial places along the coastline that are used for import and export of goods and cargo from one country to another.
      On the other hand, a harbour can be a man made or a natural feature connecting a piece of land with a large water body that is mainly used to provide shelter to ships and vessels from bad weather.
      Harbours are used for safe anchorage of ships.
      Natural harbours are surrounded by land on most sides but have an entrance point to the sea.
      When harbours are artificially created, they serve as ports.
      The lights in the harbor guided the ship to port.
      Sinks and draining boards can harbor germs.
      Well, if I'm going down, you guys are going down with me. Harboring a fugitive? That's one to three years minimum.
      Bosses caught harboring illegal workers face at least five years in prison.
      I think he's harbouring some sort of grudge against me ever since his promotion was refused.
      v[T] make sb feel annoyed or discouraged because they are unable to do what they want ¶ prevent sb's plans, efforts, or attempts from succeeding
      Ross looks frustrated.
      Chandler gets a really frustrated look.
      Chandler makes a frustrated gesture.
      Howard was frustrated by the lack of appreciation shown of his work.
      Are you feeling frustrated in your present job?
      Their attempts to speak to the movie star were frustrated by the guards.
      The rescue attempt was frustrated by bad weather.
      The court held that the contract had been frustrated by the failure of the Defendant to ship the Plaintiff's goods, a failure which the court found was due to the lack of expertise of the Defendant.
      v[T] confuse
      n[C] sb/sth that you cannot understand ¶ a game consisting of many pieces that you have to fit together correctly, or a set of questions that you have to answer by thinking carefully
      They all stare, puzzled.
      She agrees, but looks very puzzled.
      Ursula spins around looking puzzled, quite unable to tell where the sound is coming from.
      To puzzle out is to solve a confusing or difficult problem by thinking about it carefully (compare with "figure out" and "work out")
      Her behavior that night puzzled me for a long time.
      I lay looking at the ceiling, trying to puzzle things out.
      Women are puzzles to men.
      I thought I had solved the puzzle.
      What happened that night remains a puzzle.
      Another piece of the puzzle fell into place, but there were still some gaps in the puzzle.
      Do you like crossword puzzles?
      A jigsaw puzzle is a tiling puzzle that requires the assembly of numerous small, often oddly shaped, interlocking and tessellating pieces.
      adv in spite of everything, anyway
      adj taking no regard or heed, heedless
      Well, regardless, I've got four tickets, and I was thinking we can bring Bernadette and Howard.
      Regardless, I have a chance at a real relationship with Leslie.
      The weather was terrible but we carried on regardless.
      Leonard, I'm making the donation to your department regardless of what happens between us.
      "Let the chips fall where they may." means: Let something happen regardless of the consequences and no matter what happens.
      Sharks are caught on long lines, or in nets, regardless of size or species.
      Back then, investors scrambled to buy shares regardless of their price.
      The budget would have to be balanced every year, regardless of economic conditions.
      The text was written to teach students statistics regardless of their field.
      A 24/7 service is a service or business available without interruption regardless of time or day.
      v[T] embrace ¶ put your arms around sth and hold it close to your body ¶ keep close to ¶ fit tightly round
      also a noun
      Sheldon hugged Amy.
      Susan sat on the grass, hugging her knees.
      Carol was hugging a big pile of books.
      Emma hugged her stuffed penguin tightly to her chest.
      "Hug the road" means: stay firmly on the road; ride smoothly without swinging.
      This type of tire will hug the road, even in the wettest conditions.
      If the haplotype can be connected with the southern migration hypothesis of the Out of Africa theory, then it should have hugged the coast of southern Asia before going north.
      There is a main area with a few lounge type seats hugging the wall on the right where a few souls sat.
      She was wearing a figure-hugging dress.
      Susan gave Carol a big hug.
      A bear hug is an action in which you put your arms around someone and hold them very tightly because you like them or are pleased to see them.
      Melissa and Ray-ray always exchange hugs and kisses when they meet.
      n[C] an event or a short period of time during which sth happens ¶ part of a TV or radio serial broadcast at one time
      The raid was one of the bloodiest episodes in a long hard war.
      He decided he would try to forget the episode by the lake.
      Episodes of hypomania or depression are often related to severe emotional or physical stress.
      How many episodes of "FRIENDS" are there? There are 10 seasons, 236 episodes.
      In total, I've probably only ever watched three episodes end to end.
      The thrilling final episode will be shown next Sunday.
      n[U] the quality/state of being steady and not changing ¶ the ability of a substance to stay in the same state
      The rise of nationalism could threaten the stability of Europe.
      The director's first task is to bring some stability to the team.
      Some soil and rock types are more prone to land sliding than others, and landowners should determine the inherent geologic stability of their property before beginning construction activities.
      First, all our economic policies must reinforce macro-economic stability.
      Macro-economic stability had created a firm basis for growth in private sector investment.
      v[IT] shut forcefully and loudly ¶ put/move/hit sth somewhere with great force ¶ criticize severely
      also a noun
      Ross drags Joey into the hall and slams the door.
      Monica goes into her room and slams the door. Rachel does the same. Phoebe, without a door to slam, opens a small chest and slams the lid.
      Close the door carefully, don't slam it.
      The wind made the window slam.
      Ross slammed the phone down angrily.
      He slammed the brakes on when a child ran in front of his car.
      The car skidded and slammed into a tree.
      Local media slammed plans to build a nuclear power plant in the area.
      n[C] a large boat or ship ¶ a vein in your body ¶ a container for holding liquids
      He was accused of operating the vessel while drunk.
      The vessel was registered in Bermuda.
      It is a scientific fact that empty vessels make the most noise.
      Blood vessels are the narrow tubes through which your blood flows.
      A heart attack is caused by the blood vessels that supply the blood to the heart muscle getting blocked.
      n[C] an official decision
      adj in control of or having the most power, dominant
      The Court of Appeal overturned the original ruling.
      Nevertheless, the Court was convinced of the increased risk of injury caused by Culkin's exposure to asbestos and upheld the 1993 ruling.
      This unanimous ruling meant that the British government would have to redraft the law.
      If a person disregards this ruling, the Chair shall have the power to instruct him/her to leave the meeting.
      His ruling passion was ambition.
      A ruling class clearly existed.
      Ruling class are not the only ones affected.
      n[U] perception, understanding
      "Beyond my ken" is a Scottish saying.
      Financial matters are beyond my ken, I'm afraid.
      The subject was so technical as to be beyond the ken of the average layman.
      The workings of the Stock Exchange are beyond most people's ken.
      Beyond Our Ken (1958–1964) was a radio comedy program.
      adj (lines) having the same distance between each other at every point ¶ similar and happening at the same time
      n[C] a relationship or similarity between two things
      also a verb
      Draw three parallel, horizontal lines from these points.
      Lines AB and CD are convergent lines; they're not parallel.
      The road and the railway are parallel to each other.
      The road is parallel with the canal.
      Parallel bars consist of a pair of horizontal bars on posts, which are used for doing physical exercises.
      There will be parallel announcements from both governments.
      In computing, parallel processing is a system in which several instructions are carried out at the same time instead of one after the other.
      It's impossible to find her apartment! She lives in some kind of hot girl parallel universe, or something.
      Parallel corpora are large collections of texts in two languages.
      I'm trying to see if there are any obvious parallels between the two cases.
      A parallel is an imaginary line round the earth that is parallel to the equator; the longitude of a place is its distance to the west or east of a line passing through Greenwich.
      The rise in greenhouse gases parallels the reduction in the ozone layer.
      Compare parallel and perpendicular.
      v[T] make sb healthy again ¶ makes an illness go away ¶ solve a problem ¶ preserve foods by drying them or by using smoke/salt
      n[C] medicine ¶ medical treatment ¶ solution
      If doctors or medical treatments cure a person, they make the person well again after an illness or injury.
      The doctors cured her of asthma.
      If doctors or medical treatments cure an illness or injury, they cause it to end or disappear.
      Many types of cancer can now be cured.
      He went to a restaurant to cure his hunger.
      Legs of pork were cured and smoked over the fire.
      There is still no cure for AIDS.
      There is no known cure for this disease. It's just your underwear fades.
      He had been told rest is the only cure for his knee injury.
      The magic cure for inflation does not exist.
      adj felt or done by each towards the other
      We were introduced by a mutual friend.
      I don't like her, and I think the feeling is mutual.
      European nations can live together in a spirit of mutual trust.
      It will be a mutually beneficial project.
      Only mutual respect, on both sides, will remove cultural fears.
      In the end the relationship was ended by mutual agreement.
      The pact was terminated by mutual consent.
      A mutual fund or unit trust is an organization which invests money in many different kinds of business and which offers units for sale to the public as an investment.
      A mutual insurance company, savings bank etc is owned by all of its customers who share its profits.
      In probability theory and information theory, the mutual information of two random variables is a measure of the variables' mutual dependence.
      A reciprocal arrangement or relationship is one in which two people or groups do or give the same things to each other.
      adj better, stronger etc than sb/sth else ¶ higher in rank or position ¶ thinking that you are better than other people
      n[C] sb who is higher in rank or social position than others
      Your laptop is far superior to mine.
      What is it that makes this technique superior?
      A few years ago it was virtually impossible to find superior quality wine in local shops.
      Aren't you supposed to salute a superior officer?
      He had that superior tone of voice.
      He loved making fun of rookies, it made him feel superior.
      I can't stand that superior smile of his.
      She works well with those superior to her in the company.
      The form has to be signed by your immediate superior.
      A Mother Superior is a nun who is in charge of the other nuns in a convent.
      "Let me explain. You see, I'm a superior genetic mutation, an improvement on the existing mediocre stock," said Sheldon.
      "I always thought I was more like a cuckoo bird. You know, a superior creature whose egg is placed in the nest of ordinary birds," he added.
      What's $1800 to the Los Angeles County Superior Court?
      Dr. Koothrappali, as your superior, I forbid you from writing on my board!
      The superiority complex is a state of mind that makes someone act as if he were better or more important than others although he actually feels that they are better, etc than him.
      n[UC] serious play with a sad ending ¶ terrible event that causes great sadness
      "Hamlet" is one of Shakespeare's best known tragedies.
      Mercutio is a fictional character in William Shakespeare's 1597 tragedy, Romeo and Juliet.
      Tragedy struck when their 8-year-old daughter was knocked down by a car.
      The tragedy happened as they were returning home from a night out.
      The pilot averted a tragedy when he succeeded in preventing the plane from crashing.
      Asia-Pacific growth was stunted at 2.5 % in the aftermath of the tsunami tragedy.
      For many those events have brought sudden and appalling tragedy.
      n[C] a line of light, energy etc ¶ a long heavy piece of sth ¶ a wide happy smile
      v[IT] send out of a line of light, energy etc ¶ smile very happily
      A beam is a line of energy, radiation, or particles sent in a particular direction.
      A beam of light is a line of light that shines from an object such as a lamp.
      A laser beam is a powerful, narrow, monochromatic and directional beam of electromagnetic radiation.
      Would you rather go back to the apartment and deal with Sheldon, or have a stranger carve out your corneas with a laser beam?
      Raj, you should've seen Leonard's experiment. The interference pattern was so cool when the electron beam was on.
      We're up on the roof bouncing laser beams off the moon.
      A beam is a long thick bar of wood, metal, or concrete, especially one used to support the roof of a building.
      Monica starts to walk back into the kitchen. As she does it again, she hits Ben's head on that wooden beam across the ceiling.
      If something beams radio signals or television pictures or they are beamed somewhere, they are sent there by means of electronic equipment.
      If you say that someone is beaming, you mean that they have a big smile on their face because they are happy, pleased, or proud about something.
      Chandler is beaming with pride.
      v[T] obtain/get sth from sth
      v[IT] develop or come from sth else
      She derives great satisfaction from playing the violin.
      She derived no benefit from the course of drugs.
      Lei Feng is one of those happy people who derive pleasure from helping others.
      This word, "derive", is derived from Latin, "draw out water" and "stream".
      As many ingredients as possible are organic or naturally derived and products do not contain synthetic coloring or perfumes.
      n[C] an object that soldiers carried in the past to protect themselves from being hit ¶ sth that protects sb/sth from harm or damage ¶ sth in the shape of a ~, badge
      v[T] protect sb/sth from being harmed or damaged
      A shield is a type of personal armor, meant to intercept attacks, either by stopping projectiles such as arrows or redirecting a hit from a sword, mace, battle axe or similar weapon to the side of the shield-bearer.
      In prehistory and during the era of the earliest civilizations, shields were made of wood, animal hide, woven reeds or wicker.
      A riot shield is a piece of equipment made of strong plastic, used by the police to protect themselves against angry crowds.
      The police held up their riot shields against the flying rocks and bricks.
      A human shield is someone who is kept in a particular place in order to stop an enemy from attacking that place.
      They used 44 hostages as human shields.
      Boxers wear gum shields to protect their teeth.
      Welders use eye-shields to protect their eyes.
      The ozone layer forms a shield against harmful solar rays.
      The nose of the space capsule is protected by a heat shield.
      The immune system is our body's shield against infection.
      He shielded her with his body.
      She held up her hands, shielding her eyes from the sun.