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      adj impossible or very difficult to believe ¶ extremely good/large
      When Jesus promised to rise from the dead it sounded incredible.
      Why should any of you consider it incredible that God raises the dead?
      It's incredible for me to have this opportunity.
      It's just incredible music.
      That's an incredible achievement.
      On arrival he discovers the planet's incredible secret.
      Compare amazing, credible, fantastic, and unbelievable.
      The Incredibles is a 2004 American computer-animated comedy superhero film written and directed by Brad Bird and released by Walt Disney Pictures.
      The Incredible Hulk is a 2008 American superhero film featuring the Marvel Comics character the Hulk, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Universal Pictures.
      n[C] competitor
      v[T] be comparable to sb/sth
      They were rivals in love.
      They're old political rivals; they still remain bitter rivals.
      The companies produce rival versions of the toy.
      The newest model has several advantages over its rivals.
      The company is well equipped to compete with its international rivals.
      This gives the company a competitive advantage over its rivals.
      He finished 0.3 seconds ahead of his main rival.
      If you say that someone or something has no rivals or is without rival, you mean that it is best of its type.
      He beat his closest rival by 20 marks.
      Lin Dan only managed for a two-point win in his first set 21-19 after his Indian rival Anup Sridhar struggled for a 19-19 tie.
      It is likely that my big rivals here will come from my teammates.
      The university rivals those of Harvard and Yale as to number of students.
      He left his job and went to work for a rival company.
      prep against
      In politics you have the Liberals versus the Conservatives.
      Tomorrow's game is Crystal Palace versus Arsenal.
      Historically brand loyalty is significantly higher among Volvo owners versus other automobile manufacturers.
      Lin Dan versus Datuk Lee Chong Wei is a well matched competition.
      The family became caught up in a classic nature versus nurture debate.
      There is always debate about public versus private when it comes to schooling children.
      A theme common to the Abrahamic religions (Judaism, Christianity and Islam) involves the idea of Armageddon, an epic battle of good versus evil, often believed to be around the time of a second coming of a major prophet, resulting in a very fiery and final end to the world as we know it.
      n[C] sth that allows you to remove unwanted substances from a liquid or gas ¶ sth that you put on a lens to change the color or amount of light that passes through it ¶ sth for suppressing certain electrical or sound waves
      also a verb
      A filter tip is a small device at the end of a cigarette that reduces the amount of dangerous substances that pass into the smoker's body.
      Ozone is the earth's primary filter for ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun.
      I took this picture with a yellow filter to improve the clarity of a hazy horizon.
      It won't take long to filter the coffee.
      All e-mails are automatically filtered through our virus software.
      Where the video signal is entirely encoded in digital form, the low-pass filtered step will not have the desired effect.
      To filter out is to remove something using a filter.
      An electric pump filters out most of the impurities in a swimming pool.
      At the first meeting we filter out many of the candidates.
      If light or sound filters into a place, only a little of it enters that place.
      Moonlight filtered into my bathroom through the frosted window.
      If news, information etc filters somewhere, people gradually hear about it from each other.
      The news of the defeat gradually filtered through from Paris last night.
      n[CU] a play with music in which all the words are sung
      Opera is an art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text (called a libretto) and musical score, usually in a theatrical setting.
      Opera incorporates many of the elements of spoken theatre, such as acting, scenery, and costumes and sometimes includes dance.
      The performance is typically given in an opera house, accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble.
      An opera house is a theatre that is specially designed for the performance of operas.
      Opera is part of the Western classical music tradition.
      We go to the opera from time to time.
      Peking opera or Beijing opera is a form of traditional Chinese theatre which combines music, vocal performance, mime, dance, and acrobatics.
      Peking opera was denounced as 'feudalistic' and 'bourgeois' during the Cultural Revolution of the 1960s, and replaced with the eight revolutionary model operas as a means of propaganda and indoctrination.
      A soap opera, or simply a soap, is a serial drama, on television or radio, that features related story lines dealing with the lives of multiple characters.
      v[T] attract and interest sb very strongly
      The idea of travelling through time fascinates me.
      Geology has always fascinated Ross.
      It's a subject that had always fascinated him.
      Monica was fascinated by the boots in the shop window.
      Anything to do with planes and flying fascinated the Wright brothers.
      Katie was fascinated by paleontology.
      "Dr. Hofstadter is representing our experimental physics program tonight. I think you'll really enjoy hearing about his fascinating work." "Right. Fascinate me."
      n[CU] an event in which important people behave in a dishonest or immoral way that shocks people ¶ talk about ~
      The government was rocked by a series of scandals.
      There have been calls for the resignation of the minister involved in the sex scandal.
      There has been no hint of scandal during his time in office.
      Ms. Ding was imprisoned for her part in the bribery scandal.
      The Enron scandal, revealed in October 2001, eventually led to the bankruptcy of the Enron Corporation, was one of the five largest audit and accountancy partnerships in the world.
      They had already left the country when the scandal broke.
      Some magazines contain nothing but scandal and gossip.
      Are you tired of the endless stream of scandal offered by the tabloid press?
      v[T] drive, be the reason for ¶ make sb feel determined to do sth or enthusiastic about doing it, inspire
      We may never know what motivated her to kill her husband.
      The crime appeared to have been motivated by hatred.
      Teaching is all about motivating students to learn.
      The profit-sharing plan is designed to motivate the staff to work hard.
      The plan is designed to motivate employees to work more efficiently.
      Many people are motivated by greed.
      n[U] people in general ¶ the state of being human ¶ the quality of being kind, thoughtful, and sympathetic towards other people
      We want a clean healthy environment for all humanity.
      The massacre was a crime against humanity.
      Nuclear weapons are a threat to the survival of humanity.
      Careless drivers are lacking in basic humanity.
      By respecting other cultures, we affirm our common humanity.
      In 1937, when radio reporter Herb Morrison saw the airship Hindenberg burst into flames, he blurted "Oh, the humanity!", meaning something like "what terrible human suffering!"
      The humanities are the subjects such as history, philosophy, and literature which are concerned with human ideas and behavior.
      n[C] explosion ¶ current of air/wind/heat ¶ sudden short loud sound ¶ a throw/hit in sports ¶ strong criticism ¶ enjoyable experience
      v[IT] damage with gun/bomb ¶ hit sth with force ¶ make a loud sound ¶ kick/hit ball hard ¶ criticize
      The deadly blast took place Saturday in northern Iraq.
      His right hand was torn off by the blast.
      The blast itself did not kill him outright.
      The blast also badly damaged a nearby civilian compound.
      The cause of the blast wasn't immediately known.
      No one has claimed responsibility for Thursday's blast.
      A blast of cold air swept through the hut.
      The station master gave a blast on his whistle and we were off.
      The radio was on at full blast.
      A blast from the past is something from the past that you remember, see, or hear again, and that reminds you of that time in your life.
      You should have come with us last night, we had a real blast!
      They blasted the deposits with hydrochloric acid.
      Solar winds have blasted away most of the gases of Mars.
      The Association of Professional Flight Attendants blasted the idea.
      He blasted Mr. Feinberg's approach as completely unacceptable.
      n[CU] a pleasant situation that you imagine but that is unlikely to happen, dream ¶ product/act of imagining
      Ross revealed his sexual fantasy to Rachel, which involves her being dressed up as Princess Leia from Star Wars.
      Monica, you had fantasies about Emily?
      No! You know, the fantasy! Meet someone from a strange land, fall madly in love, and spend the rest of your lives together.
      I can't believe I'm about to meet Benjamin Hobart. I've always thought of him as one of the people I'd invite to my fantasy dinner party.
      Wow, there's my fantasy come true.
      Seriously, that's your fantasy? To invest it?
      This is every guy's fantasy.
      Most of what they told us was pure fantasy.
      But in real life, outside of the fantasies of Hollywood, we experience not only 'ups' but 'downs.'
      Compare fantasy, fiction, and illusion.
      v[T] give/devote to ¶ use a place, time, money etc only for a particular purpose
      He said all Koreans should dedicate themselves to improving relations between North and South.
      If someone dedicates something such as a book, play, or piece of music to you, they mention your name, for example in the front of a book or when a piece of music is performed, as a way of showing affection or respect for you.
      The next one's dedicated to Rachel from Ross.
      What's the proper way to dedicate a paper with a 'to the memory of'?
      Toys"R"Us is a dedicated toy and juvenile-products retailer.
      When a building, especially a religious building, is dedicated, there is a ceremony at which it is formally opened for use and its particular purpose is stated.
      The cathedral was dedicated in 1888.
      n[C] a suggestion about sth that is made in an indirect way ¶ a very small amount or sign of sth ¶ tip
      v[IT] suggest sth in an indirect way
      She coughed to give him the hint that he should go.
      You can't take a hint, can you? Just go away and leave me alone!
      OK, I get the hint.
      There's just a hint of garlic in the sauce.
      There was a hint of fear in his voice.
      Could you give us a hint about how to do this exercise?
      What's she hinting at?
      She has already hinted to me who has won the prize.
      v[IT] burst with great force, or cause sth to do this ¶ make a very loud noise ¶ increase suddenly ¶ express sudden emotion
      The firework exploded in his hand.
      He was driving so fast that his car tire exploded.
      A bomb exploded at one of New York's busiest railway stations this morning.
      When the bomb exploded many people were killed.
      Far sooner than anyone thought possible, the Koreans exploded an atomic bomb.
      A clap of thunder exploded overhead.
      Beijing's population has exploded in the last 12 years.
      Ross exploded. "We were on a break!"
      If a situation explodes, it is suddenly no longer controlled, and is often violent.
      Riots may explode at any time.
      To explode the myth is to prove that something that is believed by many people is actually wrong or not true.
      Scientists wanted to explode the myth of a monster living in the lake.
      The myth that eating carrots improves your eyesight was exploded years ago.
      An exploded diagram shows the parts of a structure in their relative positions but slightly separated from each other.
      n[CU] a clear, very hard precious stone, used in jewellery and in industry ¶ a card from the suit ♦ ¶ the shape ◊
      A diamond is one of the best-known and most sought-after gemstones.
      The hardness of diamond and its high dispersion of light - giving the diamond its characteristic "fire" - make it useful for industrial applications and desirable as jewelry.
      Diamonds are such a highly traded commodity that multiple organizations have been created for grading and certifying them based on the four Cs, which are color, cut, clarity, and carat.
      Perhaps the most famous use of the diamond in jewelry is in engagement rings, which became popular in the early to mid 20th century due to an advertising campaign by the De Beers company.
      In Euclidean geometry, a rhombus (◊), plural rhombi or rhombuses, is a simple (non-self-intersecting) quadrilateral all of whose four sides have the same length.
      Another name is equilateral quadrilateral, since equilateral means that all of its sides are equal in length.
      The rhombus is often called a diamond, after the diamonds suit in playing cards, or a lozenge, though the former sometimes refers specifically to a rhombus with a 60° angle, and the latter sometimes refers specifically to a rhombus with a 45° angle.
      Every rhombus is a parallelogram and a kite. A rhombus with right angles is a square.
      In Euclidean geometry, a parallelogram is a (non self-intersecting) quadrilateral with two pairs of parallel sides.
      In Euclidean geometry, a kite is a quadrilateral whose four sides can be grouped into two pairs of equal-length sides that are adjacent to each other.
      There are four suits: Clubs (♣), Diamonds (♦), Hearts (♥), and Spades (♠).
      You have to play a diamond. Don't you have the queen of diamonds? I saw you drew it.
      A diamond jubilee is the sixtieth anniversary of an important event.
      n[C] an amount of money that is given to sb by an educational organization to help pay for their education
      n[U] serious formal study, or the knowledge that you get from it
      A scholarship is an award of financial aid for a student to further his or her education.
      Scholarships are awarded based upon various criteria, which usually reflect the values and purposes of the donor or founder of the award.
      Scholarship money is not required to be repaid.
      Leslie got a scholarship to Harvard University.
      She won a scholarship to Harvard University.
      She was awarded a scholarship to attend Harvard University.
      She attended Harvard University on an applied physics scholarship.
      Her latest publication is a fine piece of scholarship.
      n[C] a large farm used for raising animals, esp cattle, horses, or sheep
      also a verb
      A ranch is an area of landscape, including various structures, given primarily to the practice of ranching, the practice of raising grazing livestock such as cattle or sheep for meat or wool.
      The word most often applies to livestock-raising operations in Mexico, the Western United States and Canada, though there are ranches in other areas.
      People who own or operate a ranch are called ranchers, cattlemen, or stockgrowers.
      Ranching is also a method used to raise less common livestock such as elk, American bison or even ostrich, emu, and alpacas.
      If the ranch includes arable or irrigated land, the ranch may also engage in a limited amount of farming, raising crops for feeding the animals, such as hay and feed grains.
      Ranches that cater exclusively to tourists are called guest ranches or, colloquially, "dude ranches."
      A range is a large area of land covered with grass, on which cattle are kept.
      n[U] the freedom to do things without other people watching you or knowing what you are doing
      With seven people squashed in one house, you don't get much privacy.
      She longed to be in the privacy of her own room.
      A high wall round the estate protected their privacy.
      They don't want their privacy invaded by reporters.
      For extra privacy, mature landscaping surrounds the pool.
      Such public location announcements get into murky privacy territory.
      Google has already been facing broader questions about privacy.
      adj with an impressive natural ability
      She was an extremely gifted musician.
      She's exceptionally gifted in music.
      The dancers, though young, proved themselves to be gifted actors.
      He's very gifted at sports.
      Compared with other players, this man was gifted.
      Dr Labrunie regarded him as a brilliant and gifted child.
      Gifted education (also known as Gifted and Talented Education (GATE), Talented and Gifted (TAG), or G/T) is a broad term for special practices, procedures, and theories used in the education of children who have been identified as gifted or talented.
      n[UC] drugs that is used to treat and cure illness
      A pharmaceutical drug (also referred to as a medicine, medication, or medicament) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
      Are you taking any medication?
      I'm on medication for high blood pressure.
      Is he on any medication?
      He took medication for his heart.
      He stopped the medication because of side effects.
      n[C] a small stream
      v[T] tolerate or allow
      A brook is babbling in the woods.
      Waterfalls. Crashing waves. Babbling brooks.
      The shallow brook flows between muddy paths like a fine sheet of water.
      Follow the brook for 150m then go left to a farm.
      The tone in her voice brooked no argument.
      She won't brook any criticism of her son.
      Brooke Shields is an American actress, model and former child star.
      v[T] make sb feel extremely tired, wear out ¶ use up
      n[U] waste gases produced by an engine
      The long cycle ride exhausted her.
      She was too exhausted to talk about the trip.
      How long will it be before the world's fuel supplies are exhausted?
      To exhaust a subject or topic is to talk about something so much that you have nothing more to say about it.
      She and Mary must have exhausted the subject of babies and clothes.
      Car exhaust is the main reason for the city's pollution.
      An exhaust (pipe) is the pipe which carries the waste gas out of an engine.
      n[s] the line at which the earth and sky appear to meet
      n[pl] the limits of your experience
      The sea stretched away to the distant horizon.
      We could see a ship on the horizon.
      A cloud of dust on the horizon announced the arrival of the cavalry.
      Travel broadens one's horizons.
      It is hoped that the course will open up new horizons for students.
      If something is on the horizon, it seems that it's likely to happen in the future.
      Business is good now, but there are a few problems on the horizon.
      n[C] shopping center
      A (shopping) mall is a very large enclosed shopping area.
      There are plans to build a new mall in the middle of town.
      Let's meet at the mall and go see a movie.
      Mall rats are young people who spend a lot of time hanging around in shopping malls with their friends.
      A department store is a large store divided into separate sections, each section selling a different type of thing.
      A pedestrian precinct is a street or part of a town with shops where vehicles are not allowed.
      A precinct is one of the areas that a town or city is divided into, so that elections or police work can be organized more easily.
      n[CU] the natural home of a plant or animal
      This creature's natural habitat is the forest.
      The forest provides a habitat for hundreds of species of plants and animals.
      Forests also offer a cool habitat for their inhabitants.
      With so many areas of woodland being cut down, a lot of wildlife is losing its natural habitat.
      Much habitat area is unnecessarily taken away from wildlife.
      Many species are threatened in the wild due to habitat destruction by man.