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      n[CU] a list of all the things in a place ¶ all the goods available for sale, stock
      v[T] make a ~ of sth
      That lamp isn't listed on the inventory.
      The manager is compiling an inventory of all the hotel furniture.
      What're you doing here? I thought you had to do inventory all day.
      Our inventory of used cars is the best in town.
      These items have not been inventoried yet.
      n[UC] a sudden feeling of enthusiasm or a new idea that helps you do/create sth ¶ sb/sth that gives you the enthusiasm/idea, stimulation
      In a flash of sheer inspiration, she decided to paint the whole room pink.
      Dreams can be a rich source of inspiration for an artist.
      For a quarter century you have been a great inspiration to so many residents of Ottawa.
      Johannes Brahms and the younger Russian composers, too, found inspiration in Chopin's examples.
      Genius is 10% inspiration and 90% perspiration (sweat).
      adj spoken ¶ of/in words ¶ word for word, literal
      n[U] sth that is said, esp by sb who is angry
      I have a verbal agreement with him.
      Airport officials received a stream of verbal abuse from angry passengers whose flights had been canceled/delayed.
      It can sometimes be difficult to give a verbal description of things like colors and sounds.
      Verbal ability is dominant in the left side of the brain.
      In grammar, verbal means relating to a verb, or a word that has been formed from a verb, for example a gerund, infinitive, or participle.
      Monica was getting loads of verbal from her staff.
      The verbal translation of the idiom would be "a fully-grown bamboo in the chest."
      Compare oral, spoken, and verbal.
      adj exactly the same ¶ very similar
      Identical twins are twins of the same sex who look exactly the same.
      Ursula Buffay, Phoebe's identical twin sister, is waiting on tables in her inimitable manner.
      All seven of Joey's sisters look almost identical.
      Chandler! You are not gonna believe this! I have found my identical hand twin!
      The two houses were more or less (almost) identical.
      I've got three identical blue suits.
      Two triangles are said to be similar if any of the following equivalent conditions hold: they have two identical angles, which implies that their angles are all identical.
      v[T] make sb feel afraid or less confident about sth
      At first glance, the task seems daunting.
      Yet our challenge today is just as daunting.
      She's not at all daunted by the size of the problem.
      I admit I'm daunted by the job, but I'm going to try my best.
      For parents daunted by picky eaters, you can ease into healthy eating by making veggies with cheese or breading, but cut back bit by bit until they like the veggies for their own flavor.
      n[C] sb who receives sth
      He was a recipient of the Nobel Prize.
      Kung Fu Panda was not the intended recipient of the Dragon Warrior.
      Our 1,000th member will be the lucky recipient of an iPhone.
      Most grants didn't indicate the recipient of the donation.
      Kosovo remains the biggest per-capita recipient of EU aid.
      Modern city-states engage in instant electronic communication and capital transfer, and are the chief recipients of world population growth.
      v[I] work with sb else to achieve sth that you both want ¶ do what sb wants you to do
      Where Republicans refuse to cooperate on things that I know are good for the American people, I will continue to look for ways to do it administratively and work around Congress.
      The two companies have cooperated in joint ventures for the past several years.
      I find it very hard to dress my two-year-old when she refuses to cooperate.
      I will advise my client to cooperate fully with the police.
      What are the issues that we can cooperate on?
      adj beautiful, attractive, or graceful ¶ simple and effective
      You know, but something like salmon will be so much more elegant than chicken.
      Steel drums don't really say "elegant wedding."
      The most elegant part of Tokyo, Ginza is the equivalent of New York's Fifth Avenue.
      On paper, it is an elegant solution. But it will never happen.
      It's an elegant end to an accomplished work.
      Bedrooms are elegant with tartan bedspreads and antique furniture.
      v[T] ≠permit, prohibit ¶ prevent
      Brazil's constitution forbids the military use of nuclear energy.
      The law forbade the sale of cigarettes to people under the age of 16.
      Photography is strictly forbidden in the cathedral.
      Forbidden fruit is a phrase that originates from Genesis concerning Adam and Eve.
      Women were previously forbidden from voting or being elected to political office, but King Abdullah declared that women will be able to vote and run in the 2015 local elections, as well as be appointed to the Consultative Assembly.
      She was forbidden to leave her room, as a punishment.
      "God/Heaven forbid" is used to emphasize that you hope that something will not happen.
      You're gonna find a place. But even if God forbid you didn't, so you postpone the wedding.
      Lack of space forbids listing the names of all those who contributed.
      v[T] give sb a disease ¶ fill sth with virus etc that spread disease ¶ make other people have the feeling/idea that you have
      A single mosquito can infect a large number of people.
      The laboratory animals had been infected with the bacteria.
      Umbrella's security has sealed off infected areas of the country.
      Her optimism seemed to infect all those around her.
      When creatures such as insects or rats infest plants or a place, they are present in large numbers and cause damage.
      If a virus infects your computer or disks, it changes or destroys the information in them.
      n[C] sb who frightens/hurts sb who is smaller/weaker
      v[T] frighten/hurt
      The bullies grab the back of the couch that Ross and Chandler are sitting in and tip back.
      As Chandler and Ross are walking out, the bullies are walking in.
      Bullies are often cowards.
      But, Howie, my dad can be a bully. He's gonna make you cancel your space flight.
      Don't let your boss bullies you into working on weekends.
      School bullying is a serious problem.
      Oh, they all went with Leonard to confront his childhood bully.
      "Bully for you!" is an expression that praises someone or someone's courage (dated, but still heard); it's also used when you do not think that someone has done anything special but they want you to praise them.
      The online game? Bully!
      n[s] the life and teaching of Jesus as recorded in the first four books of the New Testament (the second part of the Bible) ¶ set of principles
      n[U] a music type/style
      A gospel is an account describing the life, death, and resurrection (the event in which Jesus Christ came back to life after he had been killed) of Jesus of Nazareth.
      The Gospel According to Matthew (Gospel of Matthew or simply Matthew) is one of the four canonical (included in a list of holy books that are accepted as genuine) gospels, the first book of the New Testament.
      The most widely known examples are the four canonical gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
      Jesus told his disciples to go and preach the gospel.
      Missionaries were sent to preach the Gospel.
      Health of body and mind is my gospel.
      Gospel music is a music genre. The creation, performance, significance, and even the definition of gospel music varies according to culture and social context.
      Don't take everything she says as gospel (truth).
      n[C] sb who is kept in a prison, mental hospital, or other institution
      Sarah Connor, John Connor's mother was an inmate because people didn't buy (believe) Terminators.
      Terry Williams is a Pennsylvania death row inmate scheduled to be executed on October 3, 2012.
      If an inmate confined in an institution files a notice of appeal in the manner provided by Rule 4(c), the district clerk must also note the date when the clerk docketed the notice.
      You couldn't bring in any food, but you could buy your inmate food from the nearby vending machines.
      Blood is streaming from the inmate's leg.
      He promised that any warder who mistreated an inmate would be disciplined.
      adj able/likely to explode ¶ relating to or like an explosion ¶ showing sudden emotion ¶ increasing suddenly/quickly
      n[CU] substance that is likely or able to explode
      Because the gas is highly explosive, it needs to be kept in high-pressure containers.
      He's good at defusing potentially explosive (likely to have difficult, serious, or dangerous) situations.
      Politics can be an explosive subject.
      Both men suddenly spoke in the same explosive tone of voice.
      He's inherited his father's explosive temper.
      There are limits to our resources and we're in the middle of an explosive increase in their rate of use.
      We all love taking photos and thanks to the explosive increase in quality of the cameras that are shipping with phones these days, it's even easier to take a really good photo.
      Plastic explosive is a soft and hand moldable solid form of explosive material.
      Common plastic explosives include Semtex and C-4.
      High explosive is an extremely powerful explosive substance.
      The bomb was packed with 168 lb high explosive.
      They planted explosives in his house.
      There was an explosive clap of thunder overhead.
      v[T] suddenly attack
      n[C] a sudden attack
      When soldiers raid a place, they make a sudden armed attack against it.
      A few months later, Massachusetts and Connecticut militias joined forces and raided the Pequot village near Mystic, Connecticut. Of the few Indians who escaped slaughter, the women and children were enslaved in New England.
      If the police raid a building, they enter it suddenly and by force in order to look for dangerous criminals or for evidence of something illegal, such as drugs or weapons.
      My house was raided by the FBI and Joint Terrorism Task Force last month.
      If someone raids a building or place, they enter it by force in order to steal something.
      Barack Obama raided (steal) $716 billion from Medicare to pay for Obamacare.
      If you raid the fridge, you take food from it to eat instead of a meal or in between meals.
      Joey went into Monica and Chandler's kitchen to raid the fridge.
      Air raid Pearl Harbor. This is not drill.
      At Dawn We Slept: The Untold Story of Pearl Harbor by Gordon W. Prange is an extremely comprehensive account of the events leading up to the Pearl Harbor attack and is considered by most scholars to be the best single work about the raid.
      The drugs were found during a police raid on the house.
      A security guard was killed in the bank raid (a crime in which someone suddenly enters a place and uses force or threats to steal money or goods).
      In business, a corporate raid refers to buying a large stake in a corporation and then using shareholder voting rights to require the company to undertake novel measures designed to increase the share value, generally in opposition to the desires and practices of the corporation's current management.
      A panty raid was a 1950s college prank in which large groups of male students attempted to invade the living quarters of female students and steal their panties (undergarments) as the trophies of a successful raid.
      n[C] a soldier of middle rank ¶ a police officer just below the rank of an inspector, a lieutenant or captain
      He served as a first sergeant in Israeli military intelligence and earned a degree in civil engineering.
      The body of the car was riddled by fragments, and the driver, Sergeant J. G. Kinsell, was badly wounded in the head.
      I only had my Medical Sergeant to help, and patients kept coming in.
      In an e-mail to media, Gilbert police Sergeant Jesse Sanger says the argument between the couple started in a parking lot Saturday morning.
      He was about to be promoted to platoon sergeant.
      The Marines knocked him down from sergeant to corporal.
      n[C] a sculpture made from stone/metal, to look like a person or animal
      Churchill's statue stands outside the parliament building.
      They planned to put up a statue to the President.
      The pope rejected the Roman Senate's effort to erect a statue of him.
      "Where is the free woman?" "The Statue of Liberty? It's on Liberty Island in the middle of New York Harbor, in Manhattan, New York City."
      There's a statue in Minsk; it's actually of Lenin.
      adj relating to the law, judges, or judgments made in a court of law
      The president may invoke the Emergency Law to refer any criminal case to the emergency courts or military courts, in which the accused does not receive most of the constitutional protections of the civilian judicial system.
      The constitution provides for the independence and immunity of judges and forbids interference by other authorities in the exercise of their judicial functions.
      The government generally respected judicial independence in non-political cases.
      The Judges' Clubs, whose leadership is selected by votes of the membership, called for the passage of a new law governing executive-judiciary relations, which would raise judicial salaries, separate judicial duties from compensation packages controlled by the Ministry of Justice.
      India's judicial administration is also hopelessly outmoded technologically.
      Judicial officials dismissed the charges against the Gadhafi-era minister.
      v[T] cause danger to sb/sth, put sb/sth into a situation where they might be harmed
      Smoking during pregnancy endangers your baby's life.
      The debate could endanger the proposed peace talks.
      We must be careful not to do anything that might endanger the economic recovery.
      The people and governments of both Afghanistan and Pakistan are endangered.
      An epidemic that might endanger everybody in that area.
      But Vietnam says those Chinese patrols endanger navigation.
      adj unpleasantly rough/sharp, esp to the senses ¶ very difficult and unpleasant to live in ¶ severe, cruel, or unkind
      Something that is harsh is so hard, bright, or rough that it seems unpleasant or harmful.
      "My skin is quite sensitive and I find some soaps too harsh," said The Princess.
      Harsh voices and sounds are ones that are rough and unpleasant to listen to.
      He spoke in a shrill, harsh voice and soon rose to the heights of excitement.
      Amy gets pissed and starts cutting food on the fancy plate very harshly.
      Harsh climates or conditions are very difficult for people, animals, and plants to live in.
      The challenge was to make it from Milan to the North Pole through the harsh winter conditions.
      I can't believe I don't get to go to my own prom, this is so harsh.
      Harsh actions or speech are unkind and show no understanding or sympathy.
      I'm sorry I was so harsh before, but you have to understand I still look at Lizzie like she's a twelve-year-old girl.
      And remember, if I am harsh with you, it is only because you are doing it wrong.
      If you talk about harsh realities or facts, or the harsh truth, you are emphasizing that they are true or real, although they are unpleasant and people try to avoid thinking about them.
      An Inconvenient Truth is a 2006 Academy Award winning documentary film directed by Davis Guggenheim about former United States Vice President Al Gore's campaign to educate citizens about global warming via a comprehensive slide show.
      v[T] strongly disapprove ¶ officially state that sth is not safe enough to be used ¶ give sb a severe punishment ¶ force sb to an unpleasant experience
      Since 1994, the United Nations General Assembly has repeatedly condemned terrorist acts.
      The terrorist action has been condemned as an act of barbarism and cowardice.
      She knew that society would condemn her for abandoning her children.
      She was condemned to life imprisonment.
      She was found guilty and condemned to death/be shot.
      What do you think it means by "without adequate housing"? To me that sounds like you're either homeless or living in a condemned house.
      Her occupation condemned her to have too many orgasms every day.
      These people are unhappy workers, condemned to jobs they hate.
      n[C] a long difficult search
      v[I] search
      Another ancient quest tale, Homer's Odyssey, tells of Odysseus, whom the gods have cursed to wander and suffer for many years before Athena persuades the Olympians to allow him to return home.
      Quests often appear in fantasy literature, as in Rasselas by Samuel Johnson, or The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, where Dorothy, the Scarecrow, the Tin Woodman, and the Cowardly Lion go on a quest for the way back to Kansas, brains, a heart, and courage respectively.
      A familiar modern literary quest is Frodo Baggins's quest to destroy the One Ring in The Lord of the Rings.
      Monica, Phoebe and Rachel set off in quest of the perfect wedding dress.
      She does aerobics four times a week in her quest to achieve the perfect body.
      The bloodhounds vainly quested on the lost trail.
      This is one of my favorite places to kick back after a quest.
      Anyway, if you had your own game character we could hang out, maybe go on a quest.
      adj private and friendly so that you feel comfortable ¶ relating to very private/personal matters ¶ having an very close friendship/relationship
      n[C] a close friend
      v[T] tell people sth in an indirect way
      What happened to the intimate dinner party?
      Look, you don't talk about like your girlfriend and the intimate stuff you do with her.
      Rachel puts her hands in Joshua's, totally forgetting about the gloves, and hoping for something more intimate.
      This is kind of embarrassing, but occasionally after I've been intimate with a man (have sex with someone), I just get this craving for Kung Pow Chicken.
      An intimate knowledge of something is a deep and detailed knowledge of it.
      She surprised me with her intimate knowledge of Voodoo.
      The Prime Minister's intimates have taken comfort from the fact that, unlike many other witnesses, he was not recalled to the inquiry to give additional evidence.
      The article intimates that Chelsea still seems to be ignoring the 23 - 26 age group.
      Compare infer, imply, and intimate.
      v[T] supervise
      He oversaw construction, which began when the first cornerstone was laid in October of 1792.
      Although George Washington oversaw the building's construction, he retired before its completion, and so second president John Adams and his wife Abigail became the first occupants of the residence in 1800.
      Sinofsky had been at Microsoft since 1989 and had overseen many of the company's core products -- including Office and the recent Windows 8 debut.
      The team will be part of NPR's digital news operation, overseen by managing editor Mark Stencel.
      Vice President Joe Biden will oversee that process.
      He'll oversee it, but Evgeny will be hands-on.
      n[C] opening in a door, floor or ceiling ¶ movable cover over any of these openings
      v[IT] if a baby bird, fish, insect etc ~ or is ~, it comes out of its egg and is born
      v[T] plan sth, esp in secret
      A trapdoor is a sliding or hinged door, flush with the surface of a floor, roof, or ceiling, or in the stage of a theatre.
      A hatch, an opening which may also be in a wall and need not be flush with the surface, is similar; in some cases either name is applicable.
      A small door in a wall, floor or ceiling used to gain access to equipment is called an access hatch or access door.
      She squirmed through the hatch.
      Mummy Bear puts her head through the serving hatch from the kitchen and yells, "For God's sake, how many times do I have to go through this with you idiots? It was Mummy Bear who got up first. It was Mummy Bear who woke everyone in the house. It was Mummy Bear who made the coffee. It was Mummy Bear who unloaded the dishwasher from last night and put everything away. It was Mummy Bear who swept the floor in the kitchen."
      The eggs take a week to hatch.
      The eggs hatch after a week.
      All the chicks have hatched out.
      The hen hatches (out) her young by sitting on the eggs.
      There was a hen with her chicks that had just been hatched.
      Tintin, Calculus and Haddock jet off to the jungle HQ of the revolutionaries, and hatch a plot surrounding the upcoming carnival and Haddock's sudden and mysterious disgust for whisky.
      Once each group has hatched an idea, the next step is to create a successful business plan.