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      adj great ¶ very large in size/degree, tremendous
      Oh, you're so terrific. Really. Why don't you get some clothes on, I'll get my purse, and dinner is on me, okay?
      Oh, okay. A little musical foreplay. Terrific.
      Leslie is a terrific girl. She's attractive. We like each other.
      "You look terrific!" "Oh, so do you! Did you lose weight?" "You are so sweet to notice! Yes, I lost three and a half pounds!"
      Terrific! Well, there's one more thing. It's really important to the director that everything in this movie is authentic.
      Sweetheart I know you're gonna be a terrific mom, I just think you need a little help, especially at the beginning.
      Harry Webb did a terrific amount of organizational work to keep things on track at the aquarium end.
      v[IT] imagine ¶ become pregnant
      v[T] invent a plan/idea
      The ancients conceived the world as flat.
      Joey can't conceive of a dinner without meat.
      Monica was unable to conceive a child naturally and had to adopt.
      Spock's mother was human, his father was Vulcan, they couldn't just conceive.
      "Amy, please." "Hey, they may conceive a child on their wedding night. Don't you think the kid might get a kick out of knowing how it happened?"
      "Think about it: right now, somewhere out there our baby could be being conceived," said Monica. "If we're really quiet, we may be able to hear the sound of a condom breaking," said Chandler.
      J. K. Rowling had conceived the idea of a series of novels.
      The Three Gorges Dam project was originally conceived in 1919.
      v[T] pass a law ¶ act in a play etc
      Even if enacted, Romney's plan would encounter daunting obstacles.
      Instead of lifting the trade embargo with Cuba, enacted in the 1960s in an unsuccessful attempt to force a change in government after Fidel Castro came to power, Mr. Obama is using his executive power to repeal President George W. Bush' s tight restrictions and the looser restrictions under President Bill Clinton so that Cuban-Americans can now visit Cuba as frequently as they like and send gifts and as much money as they want, as long as the recipients are not senior government or Communist Party officials.
      History is a mighty drama enacted upon the theatre of time, with suns for lamps and eternity for a background.
      Drama enacted by the Punjab Government, the future history will not pardon.
      Compare these words: enable, enact, encamp, encase, enchant, encircle, enclose, and endanger.
      n[C] sb who is killed/injured in a war or in an accident
      n[s] sb/sth that suffers as a result of a particular event/situation
      n[U] emergency room
      No Driving When Intoxicated, Reduce Road Casualties
      The Army's Infantry School Quarterly asserted: " A soldier is not a casualty until he requires treatment. Even though he has been exposed to a lethal dose of radiation, he can perform his combat mission until symptoms appear."
      The rebels suffered heavy casualties.
      Nokia has been one of the greatest casualties of the recession.
      They had to be rushed to casualty.
      They were taken to casualty at St Helen's Hospital.
      Thus the R.A.P. is not a surgery: it is at most a casualty ward. First-aid dressings are given, wounds are bandaged temporarily; splints, when urgently needed, are provided for fractured limbs; bleeding is arrested; morphia injected where injuries are painful, or strychnine where there is collapse.
      n[C] an official judgment made in a court about whether sb is guilty of a crime ¶ an official decision made by a person or group with authority ¶ opinion
      The jury has retired to consider its verdict.
      After a week the jury had still not reached a verdict.
      I never doubted that they would deliver the correct verdict.
      The unanimous verdict was 'guilty'.
      He is expected to appeal against the guilty verdict.
      The doctor's verdict was that she was entirely healthy.
      adj used for emphasis ¶ very thin ¶ almost vertical
      adv steeply
      v[I] change direction suddenly
      "What about my questions?" "The sheer volume, it was like flying with the Riddler!"
      Cut to Elizabeth Hornswoggle's bathroom, Ross frantically pulls his shirt out and drops his pants. He exhales in sheer ecstasy as the coolness of the bathroom envelops his legs.
      He succeeded through sheer hard work.
      Julie described the next ten days as' sheer hell'. Bella's condition deteriorated sharply.
      We're beginning to see a lot of layering of sheer fabrics and colors. For instance a sheer navy blouse over a pink...
      When I finally reach the top, there is a sheer drop before me. In the valley below sits the remains of what might have once been a town.
      A cliff rises sheer from the beach.
      I thought the cars were going to collide, but one sheered away at the last second.
      adj famous
      The area is celebrated for its food and wine.
      Already a celebrated American, Kelly became the center of international attention after the January 2011 assassination attempt on his wife, US Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords.
      Dozens of other Chinese cities are racing to complete infrastructure projects just as expensive and ambitious, or more so, as they play their roles in this nation's celebrated economic miracle.
      The aspects and principles of this celebrated ancient art form have their roots in or date back to the classical philosophy of YI JING (I CHING), LAO-TSE and Confucius.
      In Leonard's family, holidays weren't so much celebrated as studied for their anthropological and psychological implications on human society.
      Yeah, the point is Higgs is being celebrated for work he did 50 years ago, so that got me thinking, perhaps I've already hit upon the idea that will win me my Nobel prize.
      Compare celebrated and celebrity.
      n[CU] a set of rules for the correct way to behave on formal occasions ¶ the plan for a course of medical treatment or for a scientific experiment ¶ a formal international agreement
      "What's the protocol for leaving?" asked Sheldon.
      I don't know what the protocol is here. Do I stay? Do I leave? Do I wait to greet them with a refreshing beverage?
      It is also a breach of the most basic diplomatic protocol: just imagine the outrage if a US politician were removed from a plane by Pakistani officials in order to be questioned about their publicly expressed political views.
      Formal protocols are the general rule in fields of applied science, such as environmental and medical studies that require the coordinated, standardized work of many participants.
      Such predefined protocols are an essential component of Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) and Good Clinical Practice (GCP) regulations.
      In computer science, when data is exchanged through a computer network, the rules system which the computer follows is called a network protocol.
      HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) is the foundation of data communication for the World Wide Web.
      The HTTP protocol can transmit compressed data but few sites use this option.
      The Geneva Protocol of 1925 prohibits the use of poisonous gases in war.
      The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (a protocol to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer) is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion.
      ʌp'greid, 'ʌpgreid
      v[IT] improve the quality of a service or product ¶ give sb a more important job
      also a noun
      I'm going to ask him to choose between sex and Halo three. As far as I know, sex has not been upgraded to include hi-def graphics and enhanced weapon systems.
      "In the lead car, driven by Leonard, will be myself, Amy Farrah Fowler and Penny." "Yes! He had you in the other car, but I got you upgraded."
      Passengers can upgrade to first class or business class for larger seats and more leg room.
      The hotel has recently been refurbished and upgraded.
      Congratulations, I hear you've been upgraded to divisional manager.
      The consulate was upgraded to embassy status.
      Windows Anytime Upgrade is an upgrade method offered by Microsoft and selected licensed resellers for users who wish to upgrade any non-Ultimate edition of Windows Vista or Windows 7.
      Windows Update is a service provided by Microsoft that provides updates for the Microsoft Windows operating system and its installed components.
      v[T] provide a person/place with sth ¶ give sb the skills they need to do sth
      They spent a lot of money equipping the school with new tablet computers.
      Some schools are very poorly equipped.
      After you move into your new apartment, the next step is to furnish and equip it with everything that will make it a home.
      The home services such as the CIA, DIA, NSA, and FBI would organize, train, and equip the best intelligence professionals in the world, and would handle the execution of intelligence operations in the field.
      A good education should equip you for life.
      The course aims to equip staff from financial institutions with enhanced knowledge on climate change and carbon finance, specifically the Kyoto Protocol's flexible mechanisms, and to provide support for the development of effective internal policies and products.
      v[I] happen at the same time as sth else, esp by accident ¶ occupy the same relative position or the same area in space ¶ be identical or very similar to sth else
      When our vacations coincided, we often holidayed together.
      The expansion is timed to coincide with the annual online holiday rush, and designed to make the shopping experience more convenient and enjoyable.
      The center of figure of the Moon does not coincide exactly with its center of mass.
      Their stories didn't coincide.
      Our views on this issue coincide closely with those of the French government.
      Mr. Charles Bing's sexual orientation coincides with his wife's.
      v[IT] break suddenly into a lot of small pieces ¶ make sth break in this way ¶ destroy or seriously damage sth
      He had been hit by a deflected bullet, which had shattered into 11 pieces that were now lodged in his abdomen.
      The euro zone could shatter into different pieces, or a large block in the north and a fragmented south.
      Shortly after arriving in May 2011 they were awakened in the middle of the night as rocks shattered the windows of their house.
      Shattered by storm winds off the coast of England, the Armada was defeated and little England was saved.
      Japan's economy, shattered by war and defeat, was marked by fierce waves of inflation.
      Financial failure can shatter illusions of success.
      By sailing into the New World, Christopher Columbus shattered the belief that the world was flat.
      Wearable computing hopes to shatter this myth of how a computer should be used.
      A paper shredder is a mechanical device used to cut paper into chad, typically either strips or fine particles.
      n[UC] the quality of being careful to avoid danger/risks ¶ a warning
      v[T] warn
      The sign reads 'Mine Field', so we must proceed with extreme caution.
      You should exercise extreme caution when driving in fog.
      Words spoken by women should always be treated with the utmost caution.
      A final word of caution - never erase your files without backing up your system.
      Throwing caution to the winds (stop worrying about danger and to take a big risk), she swung around to face him.
      In November 2007 Nora Bing escaped with a caution. In October 2008 she was fined.
      If someone who has broken the law is cautioned by the police, they are warned that if they break the law again official action will be taken against them.
      Rachel was cautioned for speeding; Ross was cautioned for driving too slow.
      We were cautioned not to drive too fast.
      I would caution against undue optimism.
      n[CU] an exciting victory/success ¶ a feeling of pleasure and satisfaction that you get from ~ ¶ a very successful example of sth
      v[I] win a great victory or have a great success
      These two leading actors are key to this production's triumph.
      "I got a touchdown! We did it!" Rachel yelled in triumph.
      "Well, I'm gonna go home and bask in the triumph of my Central Park idea," said Chandler.
      iPhone is a triumph of design.
      He was the youngest player ever to triumph at the Olympics.
      The Republicans once again triumphed in recent elections.
      n[C] sb who writes for publication in a series
      A columnist is someone who writes for publication in a series, creating an article that usually offers commentary and opinions. Columns appear in newspapers, magazines and other publications, including blogs.
      Mr. Wright is a columnist for Financial News in London.
      Our career columnist has good news and bad news.
      David Brooks is now a columnist for The New York Times and commentator on the PBS NewsHour.
      Gail Collins is an American journalist, op-ed columnist and author, most recognized for her work with the New York Times.
      From 1985 to 1990 he served as the editor of the Miami Herald's Sunday magazine, Tropic, during which time he hired Dave Barry, giving one of America's best known humor columnists his big break.
      On the HBO series, Carrie Bradshaw is a New York City newspaper columnist, fashionista, and later, freelance writer for Vogue and a published author. Her weekly column, "Sex and the City," provides the title, storylines, and narration for each episode.
      v[T] say/do sth offensive
      n[C] a remark/action that is offensive
      "120 pounds?!" "Oh, I'm sorry. Did I insult you? Is your body mass somehow tied into your self-worth?"
      "He's nuts." "Don't be insulting, Rajesh. So, Sheldon, tell me more about this princess you say I look like."
      Choosing to insult people you disagree with pretty much denounce your own lack of education.
      If you are indignant, you are angry and surprised because you feel insulted or unfairly treated.
      Ross, don't take it as an insult if I go to sleep during your speech; I'm very tired.
      Some advertising is an insult to our intelligence (too simple or stupid).
      "To add insult to injury" is to make a bad situation worse for someone who has already been treated badly.
      To add insult to injury, I was told that I was the only one experiencing this problem.
      v[I] walk with quick, long steps
      n[C] a long step ¶ the distance you go in a long step
      n[s] way of walking
      Chandler strides proudly across the vestibule and Jill stares at him.
      Monica strides over to Ross, who is making coffee, and talks to him aside.
      He was three strides from the door.
      She lengthened her stride to keep up with him.
      If you make strides in something that you are doing, you make rapid progress in it.
      I have made great strides in my English this term.
      If you take something in (your) stride, you deal with it calmly and easily.
      Some people find retiring difficult, but she has taken it in her stride.
      If you get into your stride or hit your stride, you start to do something confidently and well.
      Once I get into my stride I can finish it in a few hours.
      v[T] change sth because of new information or ideas
      v[IT] review
      His helpfulness today has made me revise my original opinion of him.
      When you revise an article, a book, a law, or a piece of music, you change it in order to improve it, make it more modern, or make it more suitable for a particular purpose.
      Joey, didn't your agents give you the revised rules? We've eliminated all that.
      Experts routinely revise their estimates as new data becomes available.
      The text has been quite radically revised.
      I'm revising my English notes for the test.
      v[IT] push suddenly/violently
      also a noun
      They were stopping cars and thrusting leaflets through the windows.
      Roy thrusts his pelvis towards Phoebe.
      Richard thrusts, misses Joey by several feet and Joey screams in pain and drops to his knees.
      He thrust her roughly towards the door.
      If something is thrust upon you, you are forced to have it, deal with it, or experience it.
      "I never enjoyed the fame that was thrust upon me," said Prof. Aoi.
      A fixed-wing aircraft generates forward thrust when air is pushed in the direction opposite to flight.
      A motorboat generates thrust when the propellers are turned to accelerate water backwards.
      A rocket is propelled forward by a thrust force.
      Birds normally achieve thrust during flight by flapping their wings.
      Thrust is the name of several fictional characters from the Transformers series. The original character was an evil red Decepticon jet, with most of the following character using the name Thrust being a variation on that concept.
      The thrust of an activity or of an idea is the main or essential things it expresses.
      This is the main thrust of budgeting, to make sure you have enough money to cover the things you are going to need to pay for.
      adj very impressive/dramatic ¶ very sudden, unexpected, or extreme
      n[C] an event/performance that is ~
      "What should be the most wonderful day of my life is rapidly turning into just Sunday with a spectacular amount of food!" yelled Emily.
      "Well my guy is spectacular," said Phoebe.
      I think it's a spectacular performance, very nuanced and detailed.
      We had a spectacular view of the Maelstrom of Saltstraumen whirlpool from the helicopter.
      The Niagara Falls is quite spectacular.
      Welcome to radiocityauditions.com, where you can find updated information on upcoming auditions for The Radio City Christmas Spectacular and other Madison Square Garden Entertainment (MSGE) productions.
      Compare spectacle, spectacles, and spectacular.
      n[C] a group of ships/vehicles ¶ all the ships in a navy
      adj able to move fast
      Survivors were taken to hospital in a fleet of ambulances.
      Spain has Europe's largest fishing fleet.
      Americans throw away enough aluminum every three months to rebuild their entire commercial air fleet.
      'Fleet admiral' is the officer in the US navy of the highest rank.
      The fleet was mobilized and the country prepared for war.
      The British fleet sailed from Southampton early this morning.
      Named by the Romans after the fleet-footed messenger of the gods, the planet Mercury is closest to the Sun.
      adj ≠deep ¶ not thinking or capable of thinking seriously
      She told her children to stay in the shallow end of the swimming pool.
      A Petri dish is a shallow glass or plastic cylindrical dish that biologists use to culture cells.
      I'm now thinking I would like to change my answer to no one. I now find you shallow and a dork.
      "You guys really think that I'm that shallow?" "No, I just think Monica was that fat."
      "I know it's really shallow, but a part of me wants him again," said Rachel, seeing Ross in his new car.
      n[C] money that is paid by a government/organization to help an industry/business, or to pay for a public service
      also a verb
      A subsidy is a form of financial or in kind support extended to an economic sector (or institution, business, or individual) generally with the aim of promoting economic and social policy.
      A production subsidy encourages suppliers to increase the output of a particular product by partially offsetting the production costs or losses.
      A consumption subsidy is one that subsidies the behavior of consumers.
      An export subsidy is a support from the government for products that are exported, as a means of assisting the country’s balance of payments.
      An employment subsidy serves as an incentive to businesses to provide more job opportunities to reduce the level of unemployment in the country (income subsidies) or to encourage research and development.
      Exactly the same subsidy is achieved by giving a health tax deduction.
      This could be done as simply as cutting the gas tax that is applied at the pump by the amount of the subsidy given to the corporations.
      The difference would be that 100% of that subsidy would go to consumers.
      The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is a system of European Union agricultural subsidies and programmes.
      World cotton prices have dropped to a historic low because of the EU and US trade subsidies which have artificially distorted world markets.
      n[U] how you feel about yourself
      In sociology and psychology, self-esteem reflects a person's overall emotional evaluation of his or her own worth.
      It is a judgment of oneself as well as an attitude toward the self.
      Self-esteem encompasses beliefs (for example, "I am competent," "I am worthy") and emotions such as triumph, despair, pride and shame.
      Smith and Mackie define it by saying "The self-concept is what we think about the self; self-esteem, is the positive or negative evaluations of the self, as in how we feel about it."
      Self-esteem is also known as the evaluative dimension of the self that includes feelings of worthiness, prides and discouragement.
      One's self-esteem is also closely associated with self-consciousness.
      Synonyms or near-synonyms of self-esteem include: self-worth, self-regard, self-respect, and self-integrity.
      Playing a sport can boost a girl's self-esteem.
      I was not in a good place mentally. I was depressed, had low self-esteem, and I didn't know what to do about it.
      You'll boost your self-esteem, participate in something worthwhile and maybe make a few new friends.
      Self-consciousness is an acute sense of self-awareness.
      Self-awareness is the capacity for introspection and the ability to recognize oneself as an individual separate from the environment and other individuals.
      v[I] appear as a large, often frightening/unclear shape/object
      n[C] a frame/machine on which thread is woven into cloth
      At about 2:30 in the morning, a shape loomed out of the darkness three hundred yards off PT-109's starboard bow.
      In those days, the Soviet Union loomed very large in all our imaginations.
      If a worrying or threatening situation or event is looming, it seems likely to happen soon.
      An economic crisis is looming on the horizon.
      If we are to avoid the catastrophes that loom on the horizon, rethinking our desires is exactly what we must do.
      A loom is a device used to weave cloth. The basic purpose of any loom is to hold the warp threads under tension to facilitate the interweaving of the weft threads.
      They enter the apartment to find Sheldon is weaving a poncho at a loom.