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      deem
      di:m
      v[T] consider
      -
      Your result may not be issued 13 days after the test if any of the IELTS Test Partners deem it necessary to review any matter associated with your test.
      We want your understanding if we deem it necessary to take rapid or drastic action.
      It is up to you. You spend it as you deem it appropriate.
      If you dare speak out against the government for something like say, the NDAA for example, you can be deemed a threat and cut off from the internet.
      No work shall be deemed suitable and benefits shall not be denied under this title to any otherwise eligible individual for refusing to accept new work under any of the following conditions.
      She certainly has the symmetry and low body fat that western culture deems desirable.
      I'm afraid I can't allow that. Pursuant to Starfleet General Order 104, Section A, you are deemed unfit, and I hereby relieve you of your command.
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      gin`ger
      'dʒindʒə
      n[U] a thick light brown root with a strong flavor that is used as a spice in cooking
      adj light brownish-orange in color
      -
      Ginger is indigenous to southern China, from whence it is spread to the Spice Islands and other parts of Asia, and subsequently to West Africa and to the Caribbean.
      In Western cuisine, ginger is traditionally used mainly in sweet foods.
      Ginger is a well-known natural remedy that helps nausea.
      Finely chop the remaining ginger and set it aside.
      Remove skin, ginger and scallion with slotted spoon.
      According to the American Cancer Society, ginger has been promoted as a cancer treatment "to keep tumors from developing", but "available scientific evidence does not support this".
      Some dancing would ginger up (make sth more exciting) the party.
      Farquaad tortures the Gingerbread Man into giving the location of the remaining fairytale creatures until his guards rush in with something he has been searching for: the Magic Mirror.
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      cost`ly
      'kɔ:stli
      adj expensive ¶ causing a lot of problems or trouble
      -
      Tuesday's tornadoes in Texas could prove more costly than a hailstorm nearly a year ago in the Dallas area that caused more than $100 million in insured losses.
      Replacing costly cable service with Internet TV seems like an easy way to reduce the family budget.
      The objective is to prevent people from ever requiring costly medical care.
      Even a successful leadership change, as happened with Bill Vander Zalm in 1986, can eventually prove costly.
      Shifting to renewable energy will be costly and disruptive.
      However, this process can be costly and slow.
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      trem`ble
      'trembəl
      v[I] shake slightly, quiver ¶ be very worried or frightened
      -
      Ross's hands began to tremble as he opened Rachel's letter.
      When I came out of the water, I was trembling with cold.
      If your voice trembles, it sounds nervous and unsteady.
      "I want to play out of doors," Mary answered, hoping that her voice did not tremble.
      Her jaw clenches tight and her hands begin to tremble.
      A battle to change it would be a sorry situation for both sides, and I tremble to see it.
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      rim
      rim
      n[C] the outside edge of sth circular
      v[T] be around the edge of sth
      -
      The rim is the "outer edge of a wheel, holding the tire".
      For example, on a bicycle wheel the rim is a large hoop attached to the outer ends of the spokes of the wheel that holds the tire and tube.
      In the 1st millennium BC an iron rim was introduced around the wooden wheels of chariots.
      Monica and Chandler bought plates with a gold band around the rim.
      Chandler's glasses had platinum rims.
      There was a rim of dirt on the inside of Joey's collar.
      Mountains rimmed the valley.
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      cu`ri`os`i`ty
      kjuəri'asiti
      n[UC] the desire to know about sth ¶ sth that is unusual, interesting etc
      -
      Look at all these fresh, young faces, brimming with curiosity, shining with the will to learn more.
      Hello Kitty was burning with curiosity.
      She opened the note to satisfy her curiosity.
      She decided to follow him out of curiosity.
      Curiosity killed the cat.
      Marlinspike Hall was a house full of old maps and other curiosities.
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      de`part
      di'pa:t
      v[IT] leave
      -
      We departed for Hogwarts at 10 am.
      The 10 to Hogwarts departs from platform 9 3/4.
      To depart for this life means to die.
      It's revolutionary music; it departs from the old form and structures.
      In his speech, the President departed from his text only once.
      The court departed from its role as an impartial, objective minister of justice.
      If someone departs (from) a job, they resign from it or leave it.
      This is also a reason why oil and gas company leaders are not terribly excited by the technology.
      They like selling a commodity that does not require too many employees that want to share in the wealth created.
      They like being able to pay golden parachutes in excess of $400 million for a departing CEO and they like being able to generate an annual sales volume of $340 billion with just 80,000 employees.
      Compare depart and drift.
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      re`fine
      ri'fain
      v[T] make sth purer ¶ make some changes to sth in order to improve it
      -
      In Red Alert 3, the appearance of the ore refinery suggests that the collected ore is smelted using a pool of unknown liquid and the refined ore is collected through the bottom of the pool.
      Sugar cane is refined into sugar in a sugar refinery.
      How can I refine my search to target just the sources I want?
      You can refine your job search for Field Service Engineer career opportunities by adding a job title, company name, or keyword to the search box above or click the "Advanced Search" link for more options.
      This makes it cheaper to pump, ship, and refine light crudes.
      When you write down ideas, or have to present them to someone else, you have to refine them, which leads to more ideas and a better understanding of them.
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      mer`cu`ry
      'mə:kjuri
      n[U] a silver-colored liquid metal (Chemical symbol Hg)
      -
      Mercury is used in thermometers, barometers, batteries and pesticides.
      The article is concerned with high level mercury exposure.
      How can i test my enviornment for mercury vapor?
      Mercury is the planet that is smallest and nearest to the sun.
      Newtonian physics could not describe the orbit of Mercury.
      Mercury is a Roman god who travelled between the worlds of gods, humans and the dead.
      President Obama spent as much in a single year on his failed 2009 stimulus program as the entire NASA budget, in today's dollars, from 1958 to the present. That includes the Mercury and Gemini missions, project Apollo and the moon landings, the space shuttles and space stations, the Hubble telescope and everything else NASA has done.
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      ac`cu`mu`late
      ə'kju:mjuleit
      v[T] get more and more of sth over a period of time
      v[I] increase in quantity over a period of time
      -
      It is unjust that a privileged few should continue to accumulate wealth.
      Fat tends to accumulate around the hips and thighs.
      My savings are accumulating interest.
      By investing wisely I accumulated a fortune.
      Variations happen all the time and accumulate as diversity.
      These annual debts accumulate over the years.
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      re`served
      ri'zə:vd
      adj sb who is reserved keeps their feelings hidden ¶ available to be used only by a particular person or group
      -
      She seems quite reserved.
      Her natural state, she says, is reserved.
      He is more gregarious; she is more reserved.
      She is a soft spoken, a bit reserved girl who somewhat takes time to open up to a stranger.
      He was a reserved young man just like his father.
      There are shortages of parking places, and the good ones are reserved for directors.
      That was reserved for the rich here in Hawaii.
      
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      cem`e`tery
      'semitri
      n[C] area of land, not a churchyard, used for burying the dead
      -
      A cemetery is an area of ground where dead people are buried.
      A graveyard is an area of land, sometimes near a church, where dead people are buried.
      Right at the entrance to Montecchio, there was a pretty cemetary with a big cross.
      Large cemeteries and major tombs have been uncovered at a number of sites.
      He was buried in the Protestant Cemetery in Rome.
      I stopped again at the Confucius family cemetery.
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      cer`ti`fy
      'sə:tifai
      v[T] formally declare sth, esp in writing or on a printed document ¶ officially declare sb to be insane
      -
      I hereby certify that the above information is true and accurate.
      The driver was certified as dead on arrival at the hospital.
      They wanted to get certified as divers.
      Guinea's constitutional court must certify the results before they become official.
      Nobody else has the mandate to verify or certify.
      He was certified and sent to a mental hospital.
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      dis`card
      dis'ka:d
      v[IT] get rid of, throw away, dispose of
      -
      Read the manufacturer's guidelines before discarding the box.
      Remove the quill from inside the body and discard.
      When cool, peel off and discard the skins.
      Discarded food containers and bottles littered the square.
      What I always like to do is put everything I would like to take on the bed. Then I will see how that all fits in my suitcase and if needed I will discard.
      She discarded a three, and picked up a queen.
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      ad`dic`tion
      ə'dikʃən
      n[CU] the condition of taking harmful drugs and being unable to stop taking them ¶ a strong desire to do or have sth regularly
      -
      Addictions can include, but are not limited to, drug abuse, exercise addiction, food addiction, computer addiction and gambling.
      Habits and patterns associated with addiction are typically characterized by immediate gratification (short-term reward), coupled with delayed deleterious effects (long-term costs).
      Our addiction to cell phones has led to harder "drugs" like wireless Internet.
      Can Nigeria be weaned off its addiction to oil?
      Recruiters often learn about the addiction in background checks.
      "I've been doing some research on addiction, both the biochemical and behavioral aspects, and I think there's a problem with the current version of our lie," said Sheldon.
      That is especially true of drug abuse and addiction.
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      frac`ture
      'fræktʃə
      v[IT] break/crack ¶ split
      n[C] a break or crack in a bone etc
      -
      He fractured his both legs during training.
      He was admitted to the hospital with fractures of both legs.
      Helmets do, however, protect against skull fracture.
      Intense disagreement over economic policy risks fracturing the coalition government.
      It might be a society that could fracture along class lines.
      A compound fracture is a fracture in which the broken bone sticks through the skin.
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      sphere
      sfiə
      n[C] a ball shape ¶ range/extent
      -
      A sphere is a perfectly round geometrical and circular object in three-dimensional space, such as the shape of a round ball.
      This formula was first derived by Archimedes, who showed that the volume of a sphere is 2/3 that of a circumscribed cylinder.
      The matter is outside my sphere of responsibility.
      His work is little known outside the academic sphere.
      The region wasn't within the Russian sphere of influence.
      The minister said that the government planned to develop exchanges with other countries, particularly in cultural and economic spheres.
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      par`tial
      'pa:ʃəl
      adj not complete ¶ biased
      -
      The general has ordered a partial withdrawal of troops from the area.
      Partial results are expected to be released before Sunday.
      If you are partial to something, you like it.
      I'm not very partial to bacon and eggs.
      The umpire was clearly partial toward the other side.
      Someone who is impartial is not directly involved in a particular situation, and is therefore able to give a fair opinion or decision about it.
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      in`ter`vene
      intə'vi:n
      v[IT] become involved in a situation in order to try to stop or change it ¶ interrupt sb when they are speaking ¶ delay an event or make it difficult to do ¶ (of time) come or be between
      -
      Eventually the army was forced to intervene.
      The government was doing something to intervene in the crisis.
      The central bank intervened in the currency markets today to try to stabilize the exchange rate.
      "Stop yelling, Emily," Ross intervened.
      He was just establishing his career when the war intervened.
      I will visit it if nothing intervenes.
      It was a long time since my last visit to Beijing, and it had changed dramatically in the intervening years.
      Compare "interfere" and "intervene."
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      i`ron`y
      'aiərəni
      n[UC] the use of words to express sth different from and often opposite to their literal meaning ¶ a strange, funny, or sad situation in which things happen in the opposite way to what you would expect
      -
      Her voice heavy with irony, Penny said, "I'm so pleased you cleaned my apartment."
      Sheldon tried to ignore the heavy irony in her voice.
      It is a nice irony that the Minister of Transport missed the meeting because her train was delayed.
      The final irony was that he became Minister of Education having left school at 12.
      The cruel irony is this in turn feeds back into the banking crisis.
      There is a bitter irony that we can kill Islamists in Afghanistan and would probably be in Sudan killing Islamists if the Yanks decided on it, yet we cannot even deport Islamists from our own country where they can actually do damage to our way of life.
      It is a tragic irony that the countries which have done least to cause climate change are those which will suffer most from its impact.
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      dim
      dim
      adj ≠bright ¶ not easy to see ¶ vague ¶ not able to see well ¶ not intelligent
      v[IT] become ~ or make sth do this
      -
      Susan stood waiting in the dim light.
      The lantern picked out the dim figure of Carol.
      You can be really dim sometimes! Why don't you wait for me inside?
      Without saying anything, Carol started to kiss Susan. Even the rain could not dim their passion.
      Carol's sight is getting dim because of reading by dim candle-light.
      Prospects for Carol's sight getting better are dim.
      I remember the gatherings in small towns. In my dim recollection it was always snowing.
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      nom`i`nate
      'nɔmineit
      v[T] officially suggest sb/sth for an important position, duty, or prize ¶ give sb a particular job ¶ choose a date or time for an event
      -
      He's been nominated by the Republican Party as their candidate in the next election.
      Anne Hathaway was Oscar-nominated for her role as an alcoholic in 2008's Rachel Getting Married.
      Democrats hold their convention to nominate Obama next month.
      Next year he will retire and she will be nominated as his replacement.
      November 11th had been nominated as the day of Remembrance - the day World War One ended.
      You might miss your call from Nobel committee letting you know you've been nominated as dumb-ass laureate of the year.
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      drip
      drip
      v[IT] fall in drops or let liquid do this
      n[CU] the drops, sound, or action
      -
      Is that tap still dripping?
      The roof is leaking. Fetch some plastic buckets to catch the drips.
      I see dirty water dripping down the white wall beside me.
      The candle was dripping.
      When I pulled out a frame, it was dripping with honey.
      His remark is dripping with irony.
      Intravenous therapy (IV therapy or iv therapy in short) is the infusion of liquid substances directly into a vein.
      The word intravenous simply means "within vein".
      It is commonly referred to as a drip because many systems of administration employ a drip chamber, which prevents air from entering the blood stream, and allows an estimation of flow rate.
      At the hospital they put Susan on a drip for three days.
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      mur`mur
      'mə:mə
      v[IT] say sth in a very quiet voice ¶ make a soft, low sound ¶ complain in a quiet or secret way
      also a noun
      -
      There's a door slamming in Ross's room, and some indistinct murmuring.
      The wind murmured through the trees.
      The murmur of the little brook lulled me to sleep.
      For some years the staff had been murmuring against the management.
      We refuse to work overtime without a murmur.
      A murmur of agreement came from the crowd.
      "Nonsense," he replied in a low murmur.
      Compare murmur and mutter.
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      plague
      pleig
      n[C] a deadly infectious disease that kills many people ¶ a large number of things which are unpleasant or likely to cause damage
      v[T] cause trobule, suffering etc
      -
      Although there were several competing theories as to the etiology of the Black Death, analysis of DNA from victims in northern and southern Europe published in 2010 and 2011 indicates that the pathogen responsible was the Yersinia pestis bacterium, probably causing several forms of plague.
      All in all, the plague reduced the world population from an estimated 450 million down to 350-375 million in the 14th century.
      The aftermath of the plague created a series of religious, social, and economic upheavals, which had profound effects on the course of European history.
      It took 150 years for Europe's population to recover. The plague recurred occasionally in Europe until the 19th century.
      Bubonic plague struck London in 1665.
      Without treatment, the bubonic plague kills about two thirds of infected humans within four days.
      The city is suffering a plague of plastic bags.
      Financial problems continued to plague the country.
      Iraq has been plagued by infighting among sectarian factions.
      The kids plagued me with questions all through dinner.
      Inflation and design changes constantly plagued all the projects.
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