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      v[T] control sth and keep it within limits
      n[C] a rule/control that stops/limits sth ¶ the raised edge of a raised footpath or roadway
      Rachel hadn't curbed her spending habits to keep them in line with her income.
      Central government curbs on real estate to calm prices and support a policy of affordable housing have combined with the impact of the European debt crisis on global demand to drag China's economic growth down.
      The fight over China's curbs on exporting rare earth metals heated up today.
      On the curb is a financial term that describes the act of trading securities outside the mainstream stock exchange.
      A curb bit is a type of bit used for riding horses. Curbs are generally placed lower down in a horse's mouth than snaffle bits.
      Kerb is the British spelling of curb.
      adj very important/significant ¶ too general ¶ forming a curved shape
      It is one of a series of sweeping reforms in the state government's education blueprint announced on Thursday.
      The new party won a sweeping (complete, decisive) victory in both Houses.
      Thanks for the sweeping generalization there, based on a whole 2 person sample.
      Basel, situated on a sweeping curve of the Rhine, is not only the golden gateway to Switzerland but is also one of the oldest University cities in Europe.
      The man in the khaki shorts made a sweeping gesture with his arm.
      n[CU] land covered with dense vegetation ¶ an unfriendly/dangerous place/situation
      We had to cut our way through the Amazon jungle.
      The lord of this jungle was a truly spectacular creature - a snake more than 40 feet long and weighing more than a ton.
      And then I remembered that I reside in a concrete jungle.
      The Jungle Cruise is an attraction located in Adventureland at many Disney Parks.
      If you refer to a city or area as a concrete jungle, you mean that it has a lot of modern buildings and you think it is ugly or unpleasant to live in.
      The law of the jungle is the idea that people should only look after themselves and not care about other people if they want to succeed.
      "So, Sheldon, how you doing?" "That's how you start a psychotherapy session? How am I doing? I was promised a riverboat journey into the jungles of my subconscious. Instead, I get the same question I hear from the lady who slices my baloney at Ralphs."
      v[IT] move quickly in circles, or make sth do this
      also a noun
      "Rachel, it's not that your friend is bad, it's that she's so bad, she makes me want to put my finger through my eye into my brain and swirl it around," said Terry.
      Deep water from north-flowing rivers swirled around stands of palm trees, hardwoods, occasional hummocks of earth and decaying vegetation.
      If stories or ideas swirl around a place, a lot of people start to talk about them.
      As questions swirled about the CIA's role in the Benghazi tragedy, he said nothing publicly.
      He breathed out a swirl of cigarette smoke.
      The truck went by in a swirl of dust.
      adj able or suitable to be compared
      Ladies and gentlemen, please welcome the incomparable Helena Handbasket!
      Of course, if U.S. health care costs were comparable to those in any other country in the world.
      The new initiatives neither increase the number of tenure-track or comparable jobs for which postdocs can compete nor offer any alternate framework in which frustrated scientists could pursue careers.
      I'm a physics major; you being a biology major and rejecting evolution is comparable to me rejecting electromagnetism.
      Sia says the results were comparable to laboratory testing.
      The last time that income inequality was even comparable to the present day situation was during the Great Depression.
      n[U] the activity/process of moving sb/sth from one place to another ¶ a system for moving people from place to place
      My suitcases were damaged in transit.
      It is possible to make an insurance claim for any goods lost or damaged in transit.
      A rapid transit system is a transport system in a city which allows people to travel quickly, using trains that run underground or above the streets.
      The city has acquired a light rail transit system.
      Public transit is operated by the local government instead of a private company.
      Ford Transit is a Ford Motor Company van.
      v[IT] =unite ≠divide
      We dream of one day a type of Memory that would unify all, speed of RAM, Capacity of SSD.
      Let's increase our power and unify our efforts!
      At this time, neither Germany nor Italy was unified and the French were busy fighting with the Prussians.
      The psychological effect the splitting of Germany had was immense particularly on people's identity both personally and collectively and not simply overcome when The Wall came down and Germany was unified.
      Having special privileges for certain groups will not unify this nation.
      Francois Hollande took office this week, promising to unify France and help fix its economic problems.
      n[U] pieces, fragments, wreckage
      Where were they going to put all the debris?
      Truck driver Michael Glennon caught the destruction on his video camera as debris swirled through the air.
      Piles of flood-damaged debris rest outside many Staten Island homes.
      However, mechanical manipulation of the plant debris during harvesting and handling of crops may result in the simultaneous release to the moving air of very high densities of spores.
      Most of my garden debris gets heaped into piles in the fall just to get it out of the way, then I let the chickens in.
      He floats out on a wave of debris and water.
      The sewers themselves would very quickly become clogged with debris.
      He rummaged feverishly amongst the debris.
      v[IT] use skill to move sb/sth, usu when it is difficult to do so ¶ use cleverly planned and often dishonest methods to get sth you want
      also a noun
      He tried to maneuver his car off the sidewalk, colliding with a tree.
      "All right now remember, something this big and long is gonna be very difficult to maneuver, fortunately I have a lot of experience in that area," said Joey.
      It was a well-organized plan to maneuver the company president out of office.
      "Not that big a deal? It's amazing. Ok, you just reach in there, there's one little maneuver, and bam, a bra right out of the sleeve," said Ross.
      Romney has no room for manoeuvre and he seems to be a long way down in Ohio in the early count.
      In the summer of 1914, Austria sent 70,000 troops on military manoeuvres (activities/exercises) in Bosnia to try to scare the Serbian government.
      Rachel thought Julie was a manipulative bitch.
      n[U] cannabis
      Marijuana is the dried leaves and flowering pots of the hemp plant that contain THC and is consumed for a number of different reasons.
      Marijuana is a mind-altering drug and is considered a hallucinogen if taken in large amounts.
      Marijuana is smoked in the form of a hand-rolled cigarette (called a joint or a nail), in a pipe, or water pipe (also known as a bong); it is sometimes smoked after being placed inside of hollowed-out cigars called blunts; mixed into foods; or brewed as a tea.
      Marijuana makes it hard to keep track of time and concentrate. People who use it have difficulty with memory and find it hard to solve problems and learn.
      Marijuana raises your heart rate and blood pressure. Some people get red eyes or dry mouths or become sleepy or very hungry.
      Marijuana can also make some people paranoid (feeling like someone is out to hurt them or is plotting against them).
      Cannabis, commonly known as marijuana and by numerous other names, is a preparation of the cannabis plant intended for use as a psychoactive drug and as medicine.
      n[C] stem ¶ a long thin structure that supports sth
      v[IT] follow without being seen, in order to watch, attack etc
      The celery stalks grow in tight, straight, parallel bunches, and are typically marketed fresh that way, without roots and just a little green leaf remaining.
      Remove the stalks from the cherries before you eat them.
      Helen trimmed the stalks of the tulips before putting them in a glass vase.
      Crabs and shrimps have eyes on stalks.
      I watched a cat stalking a bird in the garden.
      "Oh, that's great. I'm stalking the wrong woman. I am such a dingus!" said Malcom.
      If something bad stalks a place, you see or feel it everywhere in that place.
      Crime stalked the streets of Detroit.
      When night falls, danger stalks the streets of the city.
      If you stalk somewhere, you walk there in a stiff, proud, or angry way.
      Rachel turned and stalked out of the room in disgust.
      "Oh my god, I got my very own stalker," said Joey.
      n[U] behavior that annoys or upsets sb
      Harassment can include "sexual harassment" or unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical harassment of a sexual nature.
      The legal definition of sexual harassment differs by jurisdiction.
      Where laws surrounding sexual harassment exist, they generally do not prohibit simple teasing, offhand comments, or minor isolated incidents.
      In the workplace, harassment may be considered illegal when it is so frequent or severe that it creates a hostile or offensive work environment or when it results in an adverse employment decision (such as the victim being fired or demoted, or when the victim decides to quit the job).
      We encourage anyone who has been the subject of sexual harassment to report it.
      He had been subjected to continual racial harassment.
      n[C] a place where people or animals feel safe and happy
      A safe haven is a place, a situation, or an activity which provides people with an opportunity to escape from things that they find unpleasant or worrying.
      It does not provide safe haven for terrorists, nor did it trigger the global financial crisis.
      A tax haven is a country or place which has a low rate of tax so that people choose to live there or register companies there to avoid paying higher tax in their own countries.
      Once the money is in a tax haven all income derived from that money is no longer taxable in Canada and most havens are located in income tax free countries.
      In the middle of the city, this park is a haven of peace.
      New Haven is the principal municipality in Greater New Haven, which had a total population of 862,477 in 2010. It is located on New Haven Harbor on the northern shore of the Long Island Sound in New Haven County.
      Compare haven and heaven.
      n[C] a famous building or object that you can see and recognize easily ¶ one of the most important events, changes, or discoveries that influences sb/sth
      Raj and Howard are marking the star positions and physical landmarks so they can find the house of the supermodels.
      This article lists National Historic Landmarks in New York City, of which there are 111.
      New York City's right to limit owners' ability to convert landmarked buildings was upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1978.
      The 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act was landmark legislation, and it remains the nucleus of federal K-12 policy today.
      The Russian Revolution represents a landmark in world history.
      adj relating to philosophy ¶ calmly accepting a difficult or unpleasant situation which cannot be changed
      He engages the reader in a philosophical questioning of "What makes a man a man" or more importantly, "What is the essence of the soul".
      The debate was getting too philosophical for me.
      He seems kind and philosophical - especially on this particular day, when he is awaiting a judge's ruling on his appeal.
      Some old people are philosophical about death.
      Socrates was quite philosophical about the whole thing.
      n[U] restore to health or normal life by training and therapy after imprisonment, addiction, or illness
      After the surgery, Joey would need months of patient rehabilitation to learn to use his new thumb.
      Proper exercise usually plays a significant role in the rehabilitation of patients.
      Cardiac rehabilitation professionals find themselves increasingly drawn into discussions about healthcare reform, particularly when it relates to cost containment.
      Outside the prison walls, rehabilitation and job programmes remain inadequate.
      Rehabilitation is a long-term project, he says, but eagles are returning and mountain zebras are back.
      n[C] an open area in a town where a market is held ¶ the activity of buying and selling
      Susan met Helen in the marketplace next to the fountain.
      Nokia found it hard to survive in a changing marketplace.
      The app marketplace is a continually changing sector and it is almost impossible to predict how the sector will handle itself over the next five years.
      Where else in the marketplace can you find safe, risk-adjusted returns close to this potential?
      Windows Marketplace was a Microsoft platform for the delivery of software electronically that was secured by use of Windows Live ID.
      n[C] sb who sails in a ship and attacks other ships in order to steal from them ¶ sb who dishonestly copies and sells another person's work
      also a verb
      Pirates of the Caribbean is a multi-billion dollar Walt Disney Company franchise encompassing a series of films, numerous theme park attractions, and spin-off novels as well as numerous video games and other media publications.
      A pirate version of something is an illegal copy of it.
      Even Windows pirates get the security support from Microsoft.
      Microsoft said that it won't be changing this policy for Windows 7, meaning that pirates will still be as protected as legit users.
      Pirate radio is illegal or unregulated radio transmission for entertainment or political purposes.
      Along with poultry, inmate entrepreneurs peddle everything from pirated DVDs to cell phone access.
      Don't buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available.
      v[I] lie or sit with your arms or legs stretched out ¶ used about buildings that fill an area in an ugly way
      n[U] an area where a city has grown outwards in an uncontrolled way
      Monica knocked into Rachel in the hallway and sent her sprawling.
      He tripped on a stone and went sprawling on the pavement.
      Joey sprawled out on the sofa.
      The rising costs of housing in Los Angeles have caused a sprawling metropolis of interconnected cities in the inland areas of Southern California.
      The whole urban sprawl of Beijing contains over 25m people.
      adj very pleasant to taste/smell ¶ extremely pleasant/enjoyable
      The delicious smell of freshly-made coffee came from the kitchen.
      It smells delicious!
      This wine is delicious.
      The fruit tasted delicious.
      This sauce is delicious with fish or vegetables.
      "The meal was absolutely delicious," Phoebe said politely.
      "So, thank you for the delicious dinner," said Cheryl.
      "We're very sad that it didn't work out between you and Emily. But, I think you're absolutely delicious," said Mrs. Waltham.
      v[IT] talk about a religious subject at a religious meeting, esp in church ¶ lecture ¶ express a strong opinion and try to persuade other people to accept it
      The minister preached to the congregation for half an hour.
      During the sermon, he preached about the need for forgiveness.
      "Papa Don't Preach" is a song by American singer-songwriter Madonna.
      I don't mean to preach, but I think it's time to get serious about your relationship.
      "Don't preach at me," Rachel murmured.
      I only knew that Mike had given up eating meat because of Phoebe Buffay, who at that time was preaching the virtues of vegetarianism in the country.
      When asked if there is an irony in preaching the benefits of globalisation to developing countries, given that the current global economic turmoil was caused in part by global financial integration, Katsu says that isolationist policies in today's globalised world would not be helpful.
      v[I] fall down quickly and suddenly ¶ fall greatly in value in a short time ¶ move in an uncontrolled way
      n[C] a fall, esp from a high place or level
      I lost my balance and tumbled off my bike.
      Gold prices have tumbled.
      House prices have tumbled by almost 68 percent.
      My shopping bag broke and everything tumbled out.
      The puppies were tumbling about on the floor.
      If someone's hair tumbles down, it is long, thick, and curly.
      If water tumbles somewhere, it flows there quickly.
      If words tumble out of someone's mouth, they speak very quickly because they are excited or upset.
      If a system, problem etc comes tumbling down, it suddenly stops working or existing.
      In the latter years of the Bush administration, this illusion began to come tumbling down.
      It's possible that stocks could take a tumble next year.
      Rough and tumble is the rough way in which a particular activity is usually done, especially one in which there are no rules.
      v[T] make a light shine on sth, or fill a place with light ¶ make sth clearer, help to explain
      Powerful searchlights were employed to illuminate the baseball field.
      One or more lights should become illuminated on the front to indicate it has been successfully powered up.
      Two figures, illuminated by the glowing street lamps but still a little indistinct in the blowing snow, are walking down the street.
      Moon, our faithful companion in the sky, orbits on its harmonic ancient trail to pacify, heal and illuminate our bodies, hearts and minds.
      They use drawings to illuminate their subject.
      We want to inspire people and illuminate their lives.
      Compare illuminate and illustrate.
      v[T] comfort sb and stop them from worrying
      She checked the bolts to reassure herself that the door was locked.
      Monica smiled at Rachel to reassure her.
      "My grandmother has this new boyfriend, and they're both kind of insecure in bed. So, and deaf. So they're constantly, like, having to reassure each other that they're having a good time. You have no idea how loud they are!" complained Phoebe.
      Obama tried to reassure pro-gun voters by telling them, "I have no intention of taking away folks' guns."