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      com`pli`ca`tion
      kɔmpli'keiʃən
      n[UC] a problem or situation that makes sth harder to deal with ¶ new illness, or new development of an illness
      -
      Rachel, I have enough complication in my life without having to look after your sick pets!
      The age difference was a complication to the relationship.
      Cross-border migration can therefore either be a remedy or a further complication.
      Blindness is a common complication of diabetes.
      He was born four weeks premature, yet without complication.
      I can tell you that some complications are unlikely to repeat in subsequent pregnancies.
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      scoop
      sku:p
      n[C] a round deep spoon ¶ amount picked up by a ~
      v[T] move sth with a ~ or curved hand
      -
      Just one scoop of ice cream for me, please.
      To remedy that, Ross scooped the cinnamon off of the top with his hand.
      Joey sticked his fingers into a jar of peanut butter, scooped some out, and ate it off his fingers.
      I scooped water from the stream and splashed it on my face.
      You can use scoop to refer to an important or exciting news story that is printed in one newspaper or shown on one television station before any of the others know about it.
      Reporters scrambled to get the scoop on the president's latest scandal.
      If a newspaper scoops other newspapers, it succeeds in printing an exciting or important story before they do.
      The Daily Planet scooped all the national newspapers to get the story about Superman.
      If you scoop a prize or award, you win it.
      He scooped $1m in the lottery.
      If a lot of people scoop something up, they buy it quickly so that soon there is none left.
      Fans scooped up the tickets.
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      ben`e`fi`cial
      beni'fiʃəl
      adj having a good effect ≠detrimental
      -
      Cycling is highly beneficial to/for health and the environment.
      Exercise is extremely beneficial to health.
      We are very optimistic that these projects will be highly beneficial to the fishing and aquaculture industries in our province.
      I wish you all luck in finding a mutually beneficial solution.
      The documents were developed with the understanding that guidelines could be mutually beneficial to physicians and payers.
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      risk`y
      'riski
      adj dangerous
      -
      Water transportation in the region can be unpredictable and risky.
      You could get a bus but at 9 at night it's a bit risky.
      What caused the policy for risky mortgages?
      Greed is increasing, and people are going to risky stocks for higher return.
      I don't want to go out on a limb (do sth you strongly believe in even though it is risky or extreme, and is likely to fail or be criticized by other people).
      "Here we go" is used to show that one is about to do something, especially something new, exciting or risky.
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      sym`pho`ny
      'simfəni
      n[C] a long piece of classical music played by an orchestra or concert band
      -
      A symphony is an extended musical composition in Western classical music, generally scored for orchestra or concert band.
      A symphony usually contains at least one movement or episode composed according to the sonata principle.
      Many symphonies are tonal works in four movements with the first in sonata form, which is often described by music theorists as the structure of a "classical" symphony, although many symphonies by the acknowledged classical masters of the form, Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven do not conform to this model.
      The word symphony is derived from Greek "agreement or concord of sound", "concert of vocal or instrumental music", and "harmonious".
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      tol`e`rance
      'tɔlərəns
      n[UC] willingness to allow people to do, say, or believe what they want without criticizing or punishing them ¶ the ability to bear sth painful or unpleasant
      -
      Ross watched the kids throw water around with amused tolerance.
      Religious tolerance was advocated in Europe after centuries of wars between opposing denominations of Christianity, each claiming to be "the one true church" and persecuting followers of "false religions."
      I have a low tolerance for boredom.
      Chandler has a very limited tolerance to cold.
      A zero-tolerance policy in schools is a policy of punishing any infraction of a rule, regardless of accidental mistakes, ignorance, or extenuating circumstances.
      In food safety policy, a zero tolerance standard generally means that if a potentially dangerous substance (whether microbiological, chemical, or other) is present in or on a product, that product will be considered adulterated and unfit for human consumption.
      Zero tolerance is a type of punishment policy; it forbid persons in positions of authority from exercising discretion or changing punishments to fit the circumstances subjectively.
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      de`ni`al
      di'naiəl
      n[UC] statement saying that sth is not true ¶ refusal to grant, admit or believe sth
      -
      Chandler, could you please hurry up and issue a denial to her rather bizarre accusation regarding your sexual preferences?
      The real danger is if the underlying causes of discontent in Gaza - the denial of human rights and dignity for Palestinians - continue to go ignored once rockets stop targeting Israel.
      His denial of responsibility for the accident was appalling.
      Denial and abnegation is used for a psychological defense mechanism postulated by Sigmund Freud, in which a person is faced with a fact that is too uncomfortable to accept and rejects it instead, insisting that it is not true despite what may be overwhelming evidence.
      She is still in denial about his death.
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      crow
      krəu
      n[C] a large black bird with a loud unpleasant cry
      v[I] make a loud high sound
      -
      Recent research has found some crow species capable of not only tool use but also tool construction.
      Crows are now considered to be among the world's most intelligent animals with an encephalization quotient (a measure of relative brain size) approaching that of some apes.
      "As the crow flies" means the shortest distance between two points.
      I live in Beijing, about 30 km as the crow flies from The Summer Palace.
      On a ship, the crow's nest is a small platform high up on the mast, where a person can go to look in all directions.
      Crow's feet are wrinkles which some older people have at the outside corners of their eyes.
      If a rooster or cock crows, it makes a loud high sound.
      When a baby crows, it makes sudden cries of happiness.
      If you say that someone is crowing about something they have achieved or are pleased about, you disapprove of them because they keep telling people proudly about it.
      Monica won the competition and won't stop crowing.
      Compare crow and raven.
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      o`ver`lap
      əuvə'læp
      v[IT] partly cover or coincide
      also a noun
      -
      If two or more things overlap, part of one thing covers part of another thing.
      The tiles on the roof overlap.
      The tiles on the roof overlap one another.
      If two activities or periods of time overlap, the second one starts before the first one has finished.
      The second phase of development overlaps the first.
      Christian holy week overlaps with the beginning of the Jewish holiday of Passover.
      If two subjects, ideas etc overlap, they include some but not all of the same things.
      The geology and geography courses tend to overlap.
      If the responsibilities of two or more people or organizations overlap, there are some things for which they share responsibility.
      His responsibilities overlap yours, so you will be sharing some of the work.
      The roof tiles will need an overlap of several centimeters.
      There are many overlaps between the products of these companies.
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      dense
      dens
      adj thick, not sparse ¶ stupid
      -
      For the first time on our trip, there was a dense fog that hung over the countryside.
      When you are approaching a dense fog, blinding snow storm, a sand storm or dense smoke on a highway, pull over to the side of the road.
      As Susan and Helen walked down the lane, little sparrows chirped and jumped in the dense bushes.
      Most of the time we are walking in dense forest amidst tall Douglas Firs and Cedar trees that provide lots of shade.
      We thrust our way through the dense crowd.
      India has a dense rurally-based population.
      Beijing has a dense urban population.
      Am I dense? Or is this book too dense?
      A dense column of smoke rose several miles into the air.
      Joey and Penny are not really dense.
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      e`scort
      'eskɔ:t
      v[T] go somewhere with sb to protect them or prevent them from escaping ¶ accompany
      also a noun
      -
      The referee needed a police escort as he left the stadium.
      The police escorted him outside.
      A security guard escorted Phoebe from the casino.
      He escorted her to the door.
      Prof. Aoi was transported under police escort.
      Magneto was driven away to prison under armed escort.
      The mutants were transported under military escort.
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      sys`te`mat`ic
      sisti'mætik
      adj organized carefully and done thoroughly
      -
      Dreman reveals a proven, systematic, and safe way to beat the market by buying stocks of good companies when they are currently out of favor.
      The better your technique and ability to train in a systematic fashion the faster the training will go.
      We call on the federal government to do a systematic analysis of laws and regulations to eliminate costly bureaucratic mandates on the States and the people.
      Well, I'm not sure how systematic an approach this is, but point taken.
      A bias is a statistical sampling or testing error caused by systematically favoring some outcomes over others.
      A differential diagnosis is a systematic diagnostic method used to identify the presence of an entity where multiple alternatives are possible, and may also refer to any of the included candidate alternatives (or candidate conditions).
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      e`lec`tron`ics
      ilek'trɔniks
      n[U] the science and technology that uses or produces electronic equipment
      n[pl] electronic equipment
      -
      Electronics deals with electrical circuits that involve active electrical components such as vacuum tubes, transistors, diodes and integrated circuits, and associated passive interconnection technologies.
      In 1965, Royston Instruments, an English electronics company, with the assistance of Air Canada engineers, produced the multi-channel flight recorder - also known as the black box.
      "Today's verdict should not be viewed as a win for Apple, but as a loss for the American consumer," the South Korean electronics firm said in a statement.
      Coyne, 63, has served as CEO of WD since January 2007 and spent the vast majority of a career in the electronics industry, joining WD in 1983.
      Most of these phones were introduced at the big Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas this year.
      LG Electronics clearly thinks it has found one.
      Sony has never stopped making well- designed and well-engineered electronics.
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      crab
      kræb
      n[CU] a sea animal with ten legs and two large claws ¶ the flesh of this animal
      -
      There was a sea food buffet you wouldn't believe. There were clams, and mussels, and oysters, and cracked crab, and snow crab, and king crab. It's a pity I'm allergic to shellfish.
      Crabs typically walk sideways.
      However, some crabs walk forwards or backwards.
      Crabs are prepared and eaten as a dish in several different ways all over the world.
      Crabs are often boiled alive.
      I started with the dressed (prepared for eating) crab, which at 8.50 was not a cheap option.
      To be blunt, the crab meat tasted fishy because they were not fresh.
      Crabs (also crab lice) are small insects that can live in the hair around the sex organs.
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      pa`ram`e`ter
      pə'ræmitə
      n[C] a set of fixed limits that affect the way that sth can be done or made
      -
      The central office sets the parameters which guide policy at the local level.
      We had to work within the parameters that had already been established.
      We have to work within the parameters of time and budget.
      19th century astronomers made very careful observations of Mercury's orbital parameters but could not adequately explain those using Newtonian mechanics.
      Parameter can be interpreted in mathematics, logic, linguistics, environmental science and other disciplines.
      In its common meaning, the term is used to identify a characteristic, a feature, a measurable factor that can help in defining a particular system.
      Mathematical functions have one or more arguments that are designated in the definition by variables, while their definition can also contain parameters.
      When parameters are present, the definition actually defines a whole family of functions, one for every valid set of values of the parameters.
      In computing, parameters are often called arguments, and the two words are used interchangeably.
      However, some computer languages such as C define argument to mean actual parameter (i.e., the value), and parameter to mean formal parameter.
      "You mean kiss you now?" "Yes." "Can you define the parameters of the kiss?" "Close mouthed but romantic."
      There's one more zero. You forgot the time parameter.
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      ware`house
      'weəhaus
      n[C] a commercial building for storage of goods
      -
      Warehouses are used by manufacturers, importers, exporters, wholesalers, transport businesses, customs, etc.
      Warehouses are usually large plain buildings in industrial areas of cities and towns and villages.
      Sometimes warehouses are designed for the loading and unloading of goods directly from railways, airports, or seaports.
      Warehouses often have cranes and forklifts for moving goods, which are usually placed on ISO standard pallets loaded into pallet racks.
      A warehouse club is a retail store, usually selling a wide variety of merchandise, in which customers are required to buy large, wholesale quantities of the store's products.
      There are two main types of refrigeration system used in cold storage warehouses.
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      stroll
      strəul
      v[I] walk somewhere in a slow relaxed way
      also a noun
      -
      Let's go for a stroll.
      We could stroll into town if you like.
      The shops are only a ten-minute stroll away.
      Susan and Helen were enjoying a leisurely stroll in the sunshine.
      The charming village of Budleigh Salterton is just a five-minute stroll.
      A stroller (British Equivalent: buggy or pushchair) is a type of light chair with wheels in which small children can be pushed along.
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      at`tend`ant
      ə'tendənt
      n[C] sb whose job is to provide a service in a public place ¶ servant/companion
      adj accompanying
      -
      Mike was working as a car-park attendant in New York.
      Pool attendants kept a constant watch on the swimmers.
      Flight attendants or cabin crew (also known as stewards/stewardesses, air hosts/hostesses, cabin attendants) are members of an aircrew employed by airlines primarily to ensure the safety and comfort of passengers aboard commercial flights, on select business jet aircraft, and on some military aircraft.
      Princess Ann was followed by her attendants.
      We'll have an attendant with him 24 hours a day, to keep an eye on him.
      At least three staff were attendant on the CEO at any one time.
      Drugs are one of the issues attendant on running a school.
      All missiles are liquid fuelled with attendant problems such as fuel storage.
      With so many Canadians facing literacy problems, and all the attendant difficulties that follow, it seems irresponsible not to try.
      Mary goes to visit Elizabeth because of her advanced age and the attendant dangers of so late a pregnancy.
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      chuck`le
      'tʃʌkəl
      v[I] laugh quietly
      also a noun
      -
      As Carol read the book, she chuckled softly.
      "What are you chuckling about?" asked Susan.
      "I have to chuckle when they describe you and me being lesbians!"
      A nervous chuckle rippled through the crowd.
      What makes you chuckle, Leonard?
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      pea
      pi:
      n[C] a small round green seed that grows in a long narrow pod
      -
      The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum.
      Each pod contains several peas.
      Pea pods are botanically fruit, since they contain seeds and developed from the ovary of a (pea) flower.
      The green shoots of snow pea can also be cut and served as a vegetable as is done in Chinese cooking, especially stir-fried with garlic or shellfish such as crab.
      Sweet pea is a flowering plant.
      "The Princess and the Pea" is a literary fairy tale by Hans Christian Andersen.
      The Peashooter is the very first plant obtained in Plants vs. Zombies.
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      au`then`tic
      ɔ:'θentik
      adj genuine or reliable
      -
      It's an authentic (real, not false or copied) work by Monet.
      Authentic (done or made in the traditional or original way) Sicilian food, outstanding service; a must-visit!
      Phoebe hates Pottery Barn, she says it's all mass-produced; nothing is authentic (done or made in the traditional or original way).
      Look at these authentic (being such a good imitation that it is almost the same as or as good as the original) fake medals. Mom's gonna be voted best dressed at the make-believe military academy.
      The book gives an authentic (based on facts) account of life in the desert.
      It's really important to the director that everything in this movie is authentic.
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      Buddha
      b'udə
      n[C] the founder of Buddhism, or a statue of him
      -
      Gautama Buddha, also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni, or simply the Buddha, was a sage on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.
      Gautama Buddha taught primarily in northeastern India.
      Buddha means "awakened one" or "the enlightened one."
      In most Buddhist traditions, Siddhartha Gautama is regarded as the Supreme Buddha of our age.
      The Potala palace is named after Mount Potalaka.
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      na`val
      'neivəl
      adj relating/belonging to the navy
      -
      Recently, China's navy had three joint naval exercises with Australia, with Vietnam, and with Japan.
      The US and China have had naval units permanently stationed near Somalia to fight piracy for years, so US-China naval cooperation is not new.
      Cooperation reduces US naval requirements to allow US focus on economic competition.
      Upon graduation in 1946 from the Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, Carter married Rosalynn Smith.
      After seven years' service as a naval officer, Carter returned to Plains.
      Compare these words: nasal, naval, and navel.
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      re`lieved
      ri'li:vd
      adj feeling happy because you are no longer worried about sth
      -
      "Yeah, I mean I'm sorry too. But, I gotta tell you, I am a little relieved," said Alan.
      "Is that why you guys used to go up to your bedroom and lock the door?" "Yeah." "Hmm, a little relieved, I gotta say."
      I was actually relieved I didn't win the boat. My wife would've killed me.
      I'm just really relieved this whole thing is over.
      She looked immensely relieved when she heard the news.
      She was greatly relieved at the news of their safe return.
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      den`si`ty
      'densiti
      n[U] the degree to which an area is filled with people or things ¶ relation of mass to volume
      -
      Population density is the measure of the number per unit area; it is an often reported and commonly compared statistic for places around the world.
      Beijing has a high population density.
      We were unable to move because of the density of the crowd.
      Apple is calling the LED backlit, 960 x 640 IPS screen the "Retina Display" due to its high resolution and pixel density.
      The density, or more precisely, the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per unit volume.
      The sign and tape are covered with a layer of dust which indicates that the elevator has been nonfunctional for a significant amount of time, which suggests either a remarkable passivity among the, I assume 24 to 36 residents of this building based on the number of mailboxes and given typical urban population density, or a shared delusion of functionality.
      In here, you'll find emergency provisions. An eight-day supply of food and water, a crossbow, season two of Star Trek: The Original Series on a high-density flash drive.
      Look at you. You have everything. Look at me. I'm 37. I sleep in the back of a comic book store, and I have the bone density of an 80-year-old man. To Howard.
      I have a higher than normal body density. If I run too deep a bath, I drown.
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