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      adj involving a lot of effort, energy, or attention etc
       She read it close to the end of her 40-hour intensive training.
      Intensive farming or intensive agriculture is an agricultural production system characterized by a low fallow ratio and the high use of inputs such as capital, labour, or heavy use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers relative to land area.
      Knowledge Intensive Business Services (commonly known as KIBS) are services and business operations heavily reliant on professional knowledge.
      Capital intensive industry was a mid- to late- 19th century development in industry that required great investments of money for machinery and infrastructure to make a profit.
      Netting installed directly over the crop is labour-intensive, but effective.
      An intensive care unit (ICU), also known as a critical care unit (CCU), intensive therapy unit or intensive treatment unit (ITU), is a special department of a hospital or health care facility that provides intensive care medicine.
      n[C] an urgent or emotional request ¶ statement made by or for a person charged with an offence in court ¶ excuse
      Michael Bennett made a passionate plea to the citizens of his hometown.
      Fire battalion chief Joseph Pfeifer put out a desperate plea on the North Tower's public address system. 'Please don't jump. We're coming up for you,' he said, not realising that nobody was listening - the system had long since been destroyed.
      As early as 1994, Martha Nussbaum made an impassioned plea for a cosmopolitan education.
      On Tuesday, Weiss entered a guilty plea to the three misdemeanor counts and was sentenced to 70 hours of community service.
      Only one of these people, Maxim Luzyanin, has made a guilty plea.
      In some legal systems, a plea bargain is an agreement that, if an accused person says they are guilty, they will be charged with a less serious crime or will receive a less severe punishment.
      The US is assisting Israel to make research in atomic weapons on the one hand and trying to attack Iran on the plea that Iran is conducting atomic research on the other.
      Compare plea, plead, and pledge.
      v[T] fix sth deeply and firmly
      The thorn was embedded in her chest.
      Feelings of guilt are deeply embedded in her personality.
      I think that jealousy is deeply embedded in our society.
      An embedded system is a computer system designed for specific control functions within a larger system.
      Embedded software is computer software, written to control machines or devices that are not typically thought of as computers.
      In linguistics, center embedding refers to the process of embedding a phrase in the middle of another phrase of the same type. For example, "A man that a woman that a child that a bird that I heard saw knows loves is dead."
      adj not exact or accurate ¶ basic ¶ vulgar ¶ unrefined
      Horrocks used his observations to obtain a crude estimate of the distance between the Earth and the Sun.
      They also handed Rachel a crude drawing of her teeny weeny.
      The first Apple computer was a hobbyist machine in a crude wooden box.
      Harry S. Truman's language was often crude.
      Exxon Valdez, an oil tanker bound for Long Beach, California, struck Prince William Sound's Bligh Reef and spilled 260,000 to 750,000 barrels of crude oil.
      In crude terms (expressed in a simple way), you can just multiply that number by 5.
      n[UC] the way you position your body when sitting or standing ¶ an attitude that you have towards sth
      also a verb
      High heels are good for your posture.
      She has very good posture.
      Poor posture can lead to muscular problems.
      Exercise can improve your posture.
      He sat in a posture of absolute respect.
      The government adopted an uncompromising posture on the issue of independence.
      Her liberal views were soon revealed as mere posturing.
      I'll believe this is more than political posturing when I see a bill actually become law.
      Compare pose, posture, and stance.
      n[CU] a type of performance dance without speech or singing ¶ the performance or the group of dancers
      Ballet is a type of performance dance that originated in the Italian Renaissance courts of the 15th century and later developed into a concert dance form in France and Russia.
      Ballet may also refer to a ballet dance work, which consists of the choreography and music for a ballet production.
      A well-known example of this is The Nutcracker, a two-act ballet.
      The Bolshoi Ballet is an internationally renowned classical ballet company, based at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow, Russia.
      In ballet, the corps de ballet (from French, body of the ballet) is the group of dancers who are not soloists.
      Carol and Susan are going to the ballet tomorrow evening.
      Black Swan is a 2010 American psychological thriller-horror film. The plot revolves around a production of Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake ballet by a prestigious New York City company.
      adj mentioned or described in a legend ¶ very famous and admired
      Legend tells of a legendary warrior whose kung fu skills were the stuff of legend.
      The Wooden Award was created in 1976 by the LAAC to honor the ideals of UCLA's legendary coach, John Wooden, the year after he retired at the top of his profession.
      I started my career in copywriting in 1988 as a devotional follower of the legendary, sometimes controversial, ad copywriter, Tom McElligot.
      King Arthur is a legendary British leader of the late 5th and early 6th centuries, who, according to medieval histories and romances, led the defence of Britain against Saxon invaders in the early 6th century.
      I don't know, Sheldon. Those topical conferences on Bose-Einstein condensates' parties are legendary.
      Excalibur or Caliburn is the legendary sword of King Arthur.
      Kraken is a legendary sea monster of giant proportions that is said to dwell off the coasts of Norway and Greenland.
      v[IT] go/see/show into/through ¶ understand or be understood
      These fine particles penetrate deep into the lungs.
      The dust had penetrated to all corners of the room.
      Amazingly, the bullet did not penetrate his brain.
      The heavy rain had penetrated right through my coat.
      The cold seemed to penetrate my bones.
      My eyes could not penetrate the darkness.
      The light could not penetrate through the thick drapes.
      Few sounds penetrate the thick walls.
      Cut two slashes on each side of the fish to allow heat to penetrate.
      X-rays can penetrate many objects.
      It is not yet known how deeply the radiation has penetrated into the soil.
      We had penetrated deep into enemy territory.
      Science has penetrated (understand the truth about something complicated or mysterious) the mysteries of nature.
      My advice never even penetrated her consciousness.
      Nothing I say penetrates her thick skull.
      Ross was at the door before Rachel's words penetrated.
      If someone penetrates an organization, a group, or a profession, they succeed in becoming accepted into a group or an organization, sometimes in order to find out their secrets.
      CIA agents had penetrated most of our intelligence services.
      They had penetrated airport security.
      If a company or country penetrates a market or area, they succeed in selling their products there.
      The company has been successful in penetrating overseas markets this year.
      Few U.S. companies have successfully penetrated the Japanese electronics market.
      The war penetrates every area of the nation's life.
      A frightening cry penetrated the silence.
      If a man penetrates someone, he puts his penis into a woman's vagina or into someone's anus when having sex.
      v[IT] make a low continuous sound like that made by bees ¶ sing a tune with your lips closed ¶ be full of activity
      also a noun
      What's that strange humming sound?
      The fridge is humming in the kitchen.
      They are known as hummingbirds because of the humming sound created by their beating wings which flap at high frequencies audible to humans.
      A humming top (also called spinning top or spintop) is a toy that makes a humming sound when it spins rapidly.
      Ross starts humming theme from The Odd Couple.
      The bar was still humming at two o'clock in the morning.
      The streets were beginning to hum with life.
      I find the hum of our office fluorescents annoying.
      There was a hum of excitement when we all realised we would finally meet the famous celebrity Joey Tribbiani.
      He hummed and hawed (also hem and haw, take a long time to say something and speak in an unclear way) and finally admitted taking the money.
      v[T] grow plants or crops, or prepare land for that ¶ develop and improve sth, e.g. sb's friendship or support
      Most of the world's fertile land is already being cultivated.
      Sara Cotton Fibres Private Ltd plans to cultivate cotton and soya in 25,000 acres in Ethiopia.
      Prof. Aoi reads the best authors in an attempt to cultivate her mind.
      The prime minister is always trying to cultivate a caring image.
      A smart entrepreneur would find and cultivate this skill set.
      Not everyone knows how to cultivate relationship. It takes time, wisdom, patience, mistakes, a giving up of unrighteous authority and ego, and love.
      v[IT] collect information from a variety of places to produce a book, list, report etc
      The police have compiled a list of suspects.
      The report was compiled from a survey of 10,000 households.
      The dictionary took 10 years to compile.
      A compiler is a computer program (or set of programs) that transforms source code written in a programming language (the source language) into another computer language (the target language, often having a binary form known as object code).
      If the compiled program can run on a computer whose CPU or operating system is different from the one on which the compiler runs, the compiler is known as a cross-compiler.
      I have downloaded the source code to an open source package and after an hour or so of minor edits, I manage to make it compile on my system.
      n[C] round roof ¶ thing shaped like this
      A dome is an element of architecture that resembles the hollow upper half of a sphere.
      I could see the dome of the Taj Mahal thrusting up at the sky like a pale breast.
      The Millennium Dome, colloquially referred to simply as The Dome, is the original name of a large dome-shaped building, originally used to house the Millennium Experience, a major exhibition celebrating the beginning of the third millennium.
      The Astrodome, also known as the Houston Astrodome, Reliant Astrodome, and NRG Astrodome, is the world's first multi-purpose, domed sports stadium, located in Houston, Texas, USA.
      Israel's Iron Dome defensive shield proved its worth.
      adv very badly or to a great degree ¶ in a strict way ¶ in a very unfriendly or disapproving way ¶ in an extremely plain style
      Most of those facilities are severely damaged and out of action, while others are overwhelmed with patients needing acute care.
      Jane Eyre was punished severely.
      If a person or animal is mutilated, their body is severely damaged, usually by someone who physically attacks them.
      "Why can't you take the discussion in the proper spirit?" he said severely.
      Amy Farrah Fowler dresses very severely.
      n[C] a group of animals of one kind that live and feed together
      v[T] make animals or people move together in a group
      The idea is a group of people buy a herd of cattle together and a dairy farmer manages the herd, milks the cows and delivers or sends the milk to the shareholders.
      I prefer to stick with the herd (people, especially when thought of as being easily influenced by others) so as not to be noticed.
      Herd behavior describes how individuals in a group can act together without planned direction.
      The term pertains to the behavior of animals in herds, flocks, schools, demonstrations, riots and general strikes, sporting events, religious gatherings, episodes of mob violence and everyday decision-making, judgment and opinion-forming.
      Tourists don't want to rush from site to site, be herded like cattle.
      Most passengers are herded through the boarding areas in large, disorganized groups.
      n[CU] the quality of being useful, easy or suitable for sb ¶ sth that increases comfort or saves work
      Online shopping is a convenience for buyers who are too busy to shop.
      I like the convenience of using credit cards to buy stuff.
      For convenience, the most frequently used bylaws have been consolidated.
      Feel free to contact me at your convenience.
      I'll contact you at your earliest convenience.
      Key points are bolded for your convenience.
      The hotel is extremely clean, outfitted with all modern conveniences including Internet access, well maintained, and very well located.
      The amount of subscription can also be varied to suit the convenience of the subscriber.
      A public convenience is a toilet in a public place for everyone to use.
      A marriage of convenience is a marriage that has been agreed for a particular purpose, not because the two people love each other.
      Convenience food, or tertiary processed food, is commercially prepared food designed for ease of consumption.
      Additional Japanese convenience foods include prepared tofu (bean curd), prepared packages of seafood and instant ramen noodles.
      A convenience store, corner store, or corner shop, is a small store that stocks a range of everyday items such as groceries, snack foods, candy, toiletries, soft drinks, tobacco products, and newspapers.
      7-Eleven is part of an international chain of convenience stores.
      In the 1980s, 7-Eleven encountered financial difficulty and was rescued from bankruptcy by Ito-Yokado, its largest franchisee.
      n[U] careful and thorough examination
      If someone or something is under scrutiny, they are being studied or observed very carefully.
      The recent election in Iraq, which was heavily disputed due to allegations of fraud, has come under intense scrutiny.
      We highlight the need for greater scrutiny of overseas labor contractors to prevent the imposition of usurious terms on temporary foreign workers brought to the United States.
      His argument does not bear scrutiny.
      It was an argument that could not withstand scrutiny.
      None of these arguments stand up to scrutiny.
      v[IT] charge sb with a crime ¶ try to prove as a lawyer in court that sb is guilty ¶ continue doing sth
      The changes made in 2007 have made it more difficult to prosecute murder cases.
      The only thing they seem to want to prosecute for is inside trading.
      Celebrity photographer Paul Raef was the first person to be prosecuted under the state's 2010 law that criminalizes dangerous driving when taking photos commercially.
      An Oklahoma district attorney, prosecuting, described the crime scene as 'horrific'.
      The United States is determined to prosecute the war on terrorism.
      v[IT] move in a particular direction ¶ control the direction of a vehicle etc
      The ship steered a course between the islands.
      A steering wheel (also called a driving wheel or hand wheel) is a type of steering control in vehicles and vessels (ships and boats).
      Steer toward the right.
      Kids should be steered away from drugs.
      The commentator was trying to steer the discussion away from the morality of abortion itself.
      BMW chief Norbert Reithofer steered the company through two crises.
      I am constantly emailing CNN in an attempt to steer them towards facts and figures.
      If you steer a particular course, you take a particular line of action.
      The government's efforts to steer a middle course in running the economy have helped greatly too in the endeavor to maintain economic stability.
      If you steer clear of someone or something, you deliberately avoid them.
      It's best to steer clear of investments that are risky or underdiversifed.
      A castrated male cattle is called a steer, a steer kept for draft purposes is called an ox.
      adv in a way that shows you really mean the opposite of what you are saying ¶ used for saying that a situation has developed in an unexpected and sometimes humorous way
      President of France even said ironically that, "I love Germany so much that I prefer to see two Germanys rather than one."
      Ironically, the first peace plans calling for international federation were inspired by the military alliances which states created to fight wars.
      Ironically, I think Obama has a better chance against Romney because the right wing will be lukewarm, and he puts his foot in his mouth (say something that he regrets) over and over, and frankly sucks as a candidate.
      Ironically, this is the same thing sort of issue that Mac OS X has had when trying to compete with Windows.
      n[C] a member of a male religious community who usu lives in a monastery
      A monk (from Greek: μοναχός, monachos, "single, solitary" and Latin monachus) is a person who practices religious asceticism, living either alone or with any number of other monks.
      In the Greek language the term can apply to women, but in modern English it is mainly in use for men.
      The word nun is typically used for female monastics.
      The protagonist of the film is Brendan, a young monk who lives at the Abbey of Kells, in medieval Ireland.
      Written around the year 1460 by a monk in Latin, it says: a certain outlaw named Robin Hood, with his accomplices, infested Sherwood and other law-abiding areas of England with continuous robberies.
      The character, Monk of Tang, is based on the historical Buddhist monk Xuanzang.
      One day a monk walks up to him and asks, "What is the meaning of Zen?"
      adj causing sb to die ¶ having a very bad effect
      Could any fatal accident have befallen them?
      He suffered from a potentially fatal illness that kept him from working for almost a year.
      Slightest of carelessness can lead to the most fatal injury.
      This proved fatal, as the ship went down in less than four minutes.
      He is a guy who has a lot of positives to his character but he has a fatal flaw.
      This would prove to be a fatal mistake.
      Is this a fatal error?
      "Fetal" means "belonging or related to a fetus."
      n[C] a powerful light that shines on a small area
      also a verb
      A spotlight, sometimes known as a followspot, is a powerful stage lighting instrument which projects a bright beam of light onto a performance space.
      A searchlight (or spotlight) is an apparatus that combines an extremely luminous source with a mirrored parabolic reflector to project a powerful beam of light of approximately parallel rays in a particular direction.
      Monica walked out onto the spotlit stage.
      She stepped into the spotlight and began to sing.
      He was once again under the spotlight.
      The scandal is now out of the spotlight.
      The fact that over 70% of them voted for Barack Obama has turned the spotlight on immigration reforms, which have been largely on hold in the run-up to the elections.
      First lady Michelle Obama has spotlighted childhood obesity and smarter food choices through her "Let's Move" program and a new book, "American Grown."
      n[C] long dress or robe
      A wedding dress or wedding gown is the clothing worn by a bride during a wedding ceremony.
      An evening gown or gown is a long flowing women's dress usually worn to a formal affair.
      A ball gown is the most formal female attire for social occasions.
      A bathrobe, dressing gown or housecoat is a robe.
      The gowns of most English lawyers are still described as 'stuff gowns' (though probably now made of other fibres).
      A hospital gown is "a long loose piece of clothing worn in a hospital by someone doing or having an operation." It can be used as clothing for bedridden patients.
      A white coat or laboratory coat (often abbreviated to lab coat) is a knee-length overcoat/smock worn by professionals in the medical field or by those involved in laboratory work.
      Scrubs are the shirts and trousers or gowns worn by surgeons, midwives and other operating room personnel when "scrubbing in" for surgery.
      n[C] a bird or an animal that moves regularly from one place to another ¶ sb who moves from one place to another, esp in order to find work
      The Arctic Tern holds the long-distance migration record for birds, travelling between Arctic breeding grounds and the Antarctic each year.
      Animal migration is the relatively long-distance movement of individuals, usually on a seasonal basis.
      Migrants are defined here as people who have left their homes to settle in countries or cultural communities which are initially strange to them.
      Migrant literature, that is, writings by and to a lesser extent about migrants, is a topic which has commanded growing interest within literary studies since the 1980s.
      The term "migrant worker" has different official meanings and connotations in different parts of the world. The United Nations' definition is broad, including any people working outside of their home country.
      Immigration is the movement of people into another country or region to which they are not native in order to settle there, especially permanently.
      Emigration is the act of leaving one's country or region with the intent to settle permanently in another.
      adj used to express annoyance ¶ giving pleasure ¶ holy, sacred ¶ lucky, fortunate
      Thank God, the blessed thing is over.
      All I hear is my own breathing and the blessed silence of those cool, clear nights under the tree.
      A moment of blessed calm is precious to Lynette Scavo.
      The veneration of the Blessed Virgin takes place in various ways.
      Blessed are the meek (humble and obedient; submissive), for they shall inherit the earth.