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      n[C] a material or object that attracts iron, nickel etc
      A permanent magnet is an object made from a material that is magnetized and creates its own persistent magnetic field.
      An everyday example is a refrigerator/kitchen magnet used to hold notes on a refrigerator door.
      This bottle opener is a magnet.
      Materials that can be magnetized, which are also the ones that are strongly attracted to a magnet, are called ferromagnetic (or ferrimagnetic).
      An electromagnet is made from a coil of wire that acts as a magnet when an electric current passes through it but stops being a magnet when the current stops.
      Magna Doodle is a magnetic drawing toy consisting of a drawing board, a magnetic stylus, and a few magnet shapes.
      Berkeley is "a magnet for hippies, protesters and left-wing activists."
      "That monkey is a chick magnet! She's gonna take one look at his furry, cute little face and it'll seal the deal," said Joey.
      "Oh, you should know, this place is a real babe magnet. Wanna make out?" Rachel asked Joshua.
      n[U] overwhelming wonder, admiration, respect, or dread
      also a verb
      Phoebe and Gary leave as Ross stares in awe at Joey.
      I was in the movie theater and watched with awe the entire premiere of this phenomenal movie just after midnight October 28.
      Therefore, stand in awe, and know that as Christians, we are not our own, and that God is in control of all things, even time itself.
      Those who love and fear Allah, and hold Him in awe, will faithfully observe the boundaries that He has established for humanity.
      I stand before You, Awed by Your Majesty Covered by Your mercy.
      An awful lot of money? Awesome!
      v[T] strongly criticize ¶ report sb to the authorities
      Everywhere you go, people angrily denounce American foreign policy.
      Joseph Smith denounces Martin Harris as "so far beneath contempt that to notice him would be too great a sacrifice for a gentleman to make.
      Jefferson denounced the slave trade as an "execrable commerce... this assemblage of horrors," a "cruel war against human nature itself, violating its most sacred rights of life & liberties."
      Bobby's jealous brother Ronny denounced Wolverine, Rogue, Iceman, and Pyro to the Boston Police Department.
      Compare these words: defile, degenerate, denounce, deplore, and deteriorate.
      n[U] plant life as a whole
      Many frogs will over-winter in the mud and vegetation on the bottom of lakes and ponds that do not freeze over.
      The vegetation also limits visibility of pedestrians using the crossing path.
      Arable land comprises 10% of the total. Permanent crops are 1%; meadows and pastures, 24%; forest and woodland, 31%. The remaining 34% is land surface that supports little or no vegetation: Antarctica, deserts, mine sites, urban areas.
      The terrestrial vegetation was vastly different from now, no flowering plants just for a starter, and we know it only by the barest outline.
      n[U] a lung condition that makes breathing difficult
      Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the airways.
      Asthma is characterized by recurrent episodes of wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing.
      Asthma is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
      The occurrence of asthma has increased significantly since the 1970s. In 2011, 235-300 million people globally have been diagnosed with asthma, and it caused 250,000 deaths.
      I've taken your asthma into account. There's a feline geneticist in San Diego who's developed the cutest little hypoallergenic calicos.
      Emphysema is a serious medical condition that occurs when the lungs become larger and do not work properly, causing difficulty in breathing.
      He's like a baby bird. Do you know he once got an asthma attack from reading an old library book?
      Did you tell her about your lucky asthma inhaler?
      n[C] a title for the head of government in some countries
      adj best or most important
      A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system.
      In many nations, "premier" is used interchangeably with "prime minister".
      In the People's Republic of China, "premier" is more common and official, but "prime minister" is still used.
      We are thrilled to have partnered with ESPN, the premier source for season-long coverage of college basketball.
      At the most recent Zhuhai air show, the premier event for China's aviation industry, crowds swarmed around a model of an armed, jet-propelled drone and marveled at the accompanying display of its purported martial prowess.
      n[C] inspiration
      v[T] think about sth for a long time ¶ say sth to oneself in a thoughtful way
      The Muses, in Greek mythology, poetry and literature, are the goddesses of the inspiration of literature, science and the arts.
      The Muses, the personification of knowledge and the arts, especially literature, dance and music, are the nine daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne (who was memory personified).
      I often stay up late, as that is when my creative muse works best.
      I mused on what had just happened, what the man had just said.
      A man thinks and God laughs; God is amused by musing man.
      "A dollar and ninety-eight cents," she mused aloud. "Well, I'll take this pair." She handed the girl a five-dollar bill and waited for her change and for her parcel. What a very small parcel it was! It seemed lost in the depths of her shabby old shopping-bag.
      n[U] rock oil
      Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geologic formations beneath the Earth's surface, which is commonly refined into various types of fuels.
      The name petroleum covers both naturally occurring unprocessed crude oil and petroleum products that are made up of refined crude oil.
      A fossil fuel, petroleum is formed when large quantities of dead organisms are buried underneath sedimentary rock and subjected to intense heat and pressure.
      Petroleum is recovered mostly through oil drilling (natural petroleum springs are rare).
      The use of fossil fuels, such as petroleum, has a negative impact on Earth's biosphere, releasing pollutants and greenhouse gases into the air and damaging ecosystems through events such as oil spills.
      Gasoline is a transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in internal combustion engines.
      The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition engine) is an internal combustion engine that uses the heat of compression to initiate ignition and burn the fuel that has been injected into the combustion chamber.
      Kerosene is a fuel that is commonly known as paraffin in Britain, Southeast Asia and South Africa. It is obtained from the fractional distillation of petroleum.
      Vaseline is made of pure petroleum jelly mixed with minerals and microcrystalline wax that make it smoother.
      v[T] use power or influence to affect sb/sth
      However, the institution continued to exert a significant influence on American life through the people associated with it.
      Light exerts physical pressure on objects in its path, a phenomenon which can be deduced by Maxwell's equations.
      Apparently the force of the explosion had exerted itself just over the top of the car.
      The field imparts particles with mass by exerting a sort of drag on them, slowing them down much like a human being slows down when she tries to walk through water instead of air.
      If exert yourself, you make an effort.
      Maybe that is the reason he is not trying to exert himself too much and doing just the necessary.
      n[C] boycott or sanctions
      v[T] boycott or censor
      That crisis started in October 1973, when the Arab oil-producing states imposed an embargo against nations supporting Israel in the Fourth Arab-Israeli War.
      On 19th March, 1981, Reagan asked Congress to lift the embargo on arms sales to Argentina.
      Our government had embargoed Cuba for half a century and seemed determined to meddle in Cuban internal affairs.
      CERN's press release had been embargoed until the start of the second hour of the event.
      They have put an embargo on imports of clothing.
      They are planning to embargo oil imports.
      v[I] live
      phrv ~ on - think or talk a lot about
      Fiona and Shrek dwelt in the middle of the swamp.
      Why are you continuing to dwell on this? Get on with your life!
      I like to move on; I don't want to keep dwelling on the past, so eventually I'll be able to forgive him.
      Sheldon dwells on information you will find irrelevant.
      So you made a mistake, but there's no need to dwell on it.
      adj using or based on selection ¶ careful about what you choose or accept
      Selective breeding (also called artificial selection) is the process by which humans breed other animals and plants for particular traits.
      A selective school is a school that admits students on the basis of some sort of selection criteria, usually academic.
      The split between selective and comprehensive education is mainly seen at secondary level; primary education is rarely selective. At the university level, selection is almost universal, though some institutions practice open admissions or open-door enrollment allowing students to attend regardless of prior qualification.
      The Selective Service System is an independent agency of the United States government that maintains information on those potentially subject to military conscription.
      Registration for Selective Service is also required for various federal programs and benefits, including student loans (such as FAFSA), job training, federal employment, and naturalization.
      A form of amnesia, selective amnesia is a rare side effect of head injuries when the victim loses certain parts of his/her memory.
      I've been married, dated and been selective about getting back into a relationship again.
      v[IT] move or develop more slowly than others ¶ cover water pipes with a special material that stops the water from freezing in cold weather
      n[C] a period of time or delay between one event and another
      Don't lag behind this winter - get your water pipes wrapped up in their woollies.
      During testing, I lagged behind many of the other testers.
      The growth in Japan's output per working-age person - a measure of productivity for those who have jobs - has actually kept up with most of Europe's, and has lagged only slightly behind that of the United States.
      We have already lagged far behind in 3G and LTE because of this.
      Why do pipes have to be lagged?
      The common term jet lag is used, because before the arrival of passenger jet aircraft, it was generally uncommon to travel far and fast enough to cause jet lag.
      In online gaming, lag is a noticeable delay between the action of players and the reaction of the server.
      In engineering, latency is a measure of the time delay experienced by a system.
      n[C] a place that is connected with a holy/famous event/person
      A shrine is a holy or sacred place, which is dedicated to a specific deity, ancestor, hero, martyr, saint, daemon or similar figure of awe and respect, at which they are venerated or worshipped.
      Shrines often contain idols, relics, or other such objects associated with the figure being venerated.
      A shrine may become a focus of a cult image.
      In the prayer hall is the shrine of the head of John the Baptist.
      The Kaaba is a Muslim shrine located in a square adjacent to the Grand Mosque in Mecca.
      There is a difference of opinion as to whether the Elvis Presley Shrine or the Jerry Garcia Shrine was the first shrine on Aspen Mountain.
      "After 15 years of mom and dad keeping it as a shrine to you, it's time the velvet ropes came down," said Monica.
      adj silent
      v[T] make a sound quiter ¶ make sth less strong or extreme
      also a noun
      Lincoln would be rolling in his grave watching in mute horror as what he died for is corrupted into a government of the rich, against the people, and for the corporations.
      They all stared at Monica in mute shock.
      Specifically useful for those of us who mute our phones while we sleep but don't want to miss an important middle of the night call or message, or if we're in a meeting and have our phones muted or set to vibrate but are worried we'll miss an important or urgent message.
      The colors that were so muted in the photo were actually quite bright.
      A mute is a device used to alter the sound of a musical instrument.
      A suppressor, sound suppressor or silencer is a device attached to or part of the barrel of a firearm or air gun which reduces the amount of noise and visible muzzle flash generated by firing.
      n[C] a unit for measuring power
      James Watt was a British engineer who made important improvements to the steam engine. The measure of electrical power, the watt, is named after him.
      In 1804, George Stephenson walked on foot to Scotland to take a job working in a coal mine that used one of James Watt's steam engines, the best steam engines of the day.
      Light bulb manufacturers will cease making traditional 40 and 60-watt light bulbs.
      Horsepower (hp) is the name of several units of measurement of power, the rate at which work is done. The most common conversion factor, especially for electrical power, is 1 hp = 746 watts.
      v[IT] walk or travel with no particular purpose
      Free range denotes a method of farming husbandry where the animals, for at least part of the day, can roam freely outdoors, rather than being confined in an enclosure for 24-hours each day.
      Roaming helps ensure that a traveling wireless device (typically a cell phone) is kept connected to a network without breaking the connection.
      I found myself needing an excuse to roam around outside.
      We had time to roam the village and reflect on its quiet beauty and on our purpose for being there.
      "Oh, it's just some crazy guy who roams the halls here. He's great with kids though," said Chandler.
      v[IT] provide and serve food and drinks at a party etc
      Aunt Syl, I did this as a favor, I am not a caterer.
      Carol and Susan's caterer had a mountain bike accident and she's in a full body cast, so I'm gonna cater the lesbian wedding.
      Tonight you're supposed to waitress for me, my catering thing, any of those words trigger anything for you?
      I just told my mom I'd cater a party for her.
      The next time you cater for me, there will be nothing but ice in the freezer.
      I just had to turn down a job catering a funeral for sixty people.
      God, you sound like Moni-can't, not Moni-can. Do you want to be a caterer or not?
      Phoebe and Monica are finishing up a catering job in a kitchen.
      adj not good or favourable, contrary ¶ harmful
      By morning we were still making slow progress in heavy seas, adverse wind and current conditions.
      The article analyzes obesity in women and its adverse effect on them.
      He was never afraid of the adverse publicity that would result from suing people who leaked those secrets.
      Use extra caution in adverse weather conditions.
      The company cuts costs in the face of adverse economic conditions.
      It cannot withstand the effects of tighter credit or adverse market conditions.
      They were done under harsh, adverse conditions, under threat of intervention, facing hostile propaganda.
      n[C] short sleep, esp during the day
      v[I] have a ~
      Joey and Ross accidentally take a nap together and much to their dismay, find that they like it.
      If you want, you could just take a nap right here.
      Oh, were you taking a nap?
      Wow! That was fast. It usually takes me two hours to get Ben to go down for his nap.
      Maybe they're napping.
      Why are you napping over here instead of over your place?
      If you doze/drop/nod off, you go to sleep, especially when you did not intend to.
      Now you wait for her to drift off, and then you hug her (Demonstrates on the cushion) and roll her over to her side of the bed.
      Phoebe was still asleep only Joey now passed out next to her and the car's still moving.
      Snooze button is a common feature of an alarm clock.
      adv too or very
      He wasn't overly interested in people's personal details.
      Some people get overly grateful.
      The trend is not positive, but I'm not surprised or overly concerned.
      Don't be overly serious.
      I'm not overly fond of dogs.
      n[U] unanimity of attitude or purpose
      What forms the basis of solidarity varies between societies. In simple societies it may be mainly based around kinship and shared values.
      The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union contains some 54 articles divided into seven titles. The first six titles deal with substantive rights under the headings: dignity, freedoms, equality, solidarity, citizens' rights and justice, while the last title deals with the interpretation and application of the Charter.
      After the speeches, we walked around the Capitol building in a display of solidarity and unity.
      This is why Occupy Wall Street stands in solidarity with the on-going Tar Sands Blockade and other direct actions to stop the destruction caused by greed and profit.
      In Texas, activists have held a tree-sit for 50 days and are calling for solidarity actions across the world.
      Compare solid, solidarity and solitude.
      n[U] grass that have been cut, dried, and stored for use as animal fodder
      Hay is stored for use as animal fodder, particularly for grazing livestock such as cattle, horses, goats, and sheep.
      Hay is also fed to pets such as rabbits and guinea pigs.
      Pigs may be fed hay, but they do not digest it as efficiently as more fully herbivorous animals.
      If the weather is too wet, the cut hay may spoil in the field before it can be baled.
      The hay may also develop rot and mold after being baled, creating the potential for toxins to form in the feed, which could make the animals sick.
      If you make hay (while the sun shines), you do something while a situation allows you to, because the situation may not last very long.
      A haystack is a large tall pile of hay in a field.
      "Roll in the hay" means sexual intercourse; "hit the hay" means go to bed.
      Hay fever is caused by grass pollens.
      adj fully developed, mature
      The fruits were either not in season or not ripe yet.
      If you stand back and look at our business it is ripe for this change.
      The time is ripe for an early poll at the end of November.
      If someone lives to a ripe old age, they live until they are very old.
      She lived to a ripe old age of 108.
      He was put in charge at the ripe old age of 21 (sarcasm).
      Ripe cheese has developed a strong taste and is ready to eat.
      He could feel her breasts, ripe yet firm, through her overalls.
      We were pretty ripe (used to describe a smell which is strong and unpleasant) after a week of walking.
      adj relating to marriage
      Rental Listings can not be restricted due to age, race, color, national origin, religion, marital status, gender, sexual orientation, physical disability, or families with children.
      Marital rape, also known as spousal rape and rape in marriage, is non-consensual sex in which the perpetrator is the victim's spouse.
      Of course, marital rape, like date rape, is difficult to prove.
      When the host inquired if the marital problem had affected his job in any way, Agya Koo replied in the negative.
      The famous 1989 movie The War of the Roses depicts a violent marital breakdown, where two otherwise reasonable people breakdown into violent fits of anger directed at one another.
      Martial is used to describe things relating to soldiers or war.