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      v[IT] arrange ¶ gather ¶ marshal ¶ prepare for war
      He did his utmost to mobilize support in Japan in favor of the war.
      Now Putin's opponents have had to regroup and find issues that can mobilize supporters and broaden their base.
      Martin Luther King did not mobilize mass protest activity during the first five years after the Montgomery boycott ended.
      As young graduates, it was quite difficult to mobilize resources to set up the company.
      Confederate States of America is estimated to have mobilized about 11% of its free population in American Civil War (1861-1865).
      The French mobilized around 7,000 trains for movement.
      Horses were also mobilized.
      The United States Navy quickly mobilized, adding 5 dreadnoughts to the Allied navy.
      By March 1918, 318,000 U.S. soldiers had been mobilized to France.
      Poland partly mobilized its troops on August 24, 1939, and fully mobilized on August 30, 1939, following the increased confrontations with Germany since March 1939.
      n[C] a small bed for a baby
      v[T] hold sth carefully and gently
      A bassinet, bassinette, or cradle is a bed specifically for babies from birth to about four months, and small enough to provide a "cocoon" that small babies find comforting.
      A crib is an infant bed in American English (British English: cot).
      The term infant is typically applied to young children between the ages of 1 month and 12 months; however, definitions may vary between birth and 1 year of age, or even between birth and 2 years of age. A newborn is an infant who is only hours, days, or up to a few weeks old. A toddler is a child between the ages of one and three.
      Chandler and Joey run into a back room and over to two different cribs with two different babies.
      "Do you see a little bassinet in the corner?" "Like a hound?" "Not a basset, a bassinet."
      Phoebe turns to an elderly gentleman and a 20-something woman, who're a couple. "Gold digger, cradle robbing (the act of having a sexual relationship with a much younger person) perv."
      The triplets are all in their crib as Monica and Phoebe watch them.
      Uh Rach, what's Hugsy doing in the crib with Emma?
      She dropped the receiver back in the cradle.
      Mali is the cradle of some of Africa's richest civilizations.
      The bond of sisterhood was one to last from the cradle to the grave.
      Nobita Nobi's good at cat's cradle (a series of string figures created between two people as a game).
      "Cat's in the Cradle" is a 1974 folk rock song. Its lyrics began as a poem; the poem was inspired by the awkward relationship between a son and his father.
      Various methods of baby transport have been used across different cultures and periods and for different ages of child. Methods can be divided between wheeled devices including baby carriages (US) or carrycots (GB) and strollers (US) or pushchairs (GB); also into slings and backpacks, baskets, infant car seats and bicycle carriers. The larger and heavier perambulators or prams, which had become popular during the Victorian era, were replaced by lighter and more flexible designs during the latter half of the 1900s.
      Phoebe's eyes clouded with tears when she cradled the triplets.
      v[IT] add a number to itself a particular number of times ¶ increase by a large amount ¶ breed
      Some children learn to read without formal teaching. Some learn to multiply on their own.
      3 and 3 multiply to make 9; 3 multiplied by 4 makes 12.
      Multiply these two figures together.
      Multiplicand × multiplier = product.
      The third power of 2 is 8.
      Exponentiation is a mathematical operation involving two numbers, the base and the exponent (or power).
      The nth root of a number x is a number which, when raised to the power of n, equals x. Roots are usually written using the radical symbol.
      The rich have multiplied their fortunes.
      Once they are cooked they provide an ideal environment for harmful bacteria to multiply.
      Cancer cells multiply quickly.
      v[I] shine brightly, sparkle
      n[U] glint or glamor
      The river glitters as if it were molten gold under the sun.
      All that glitters is not gold is a well-known saying, meaning that not everything that looks precious or true turns out to be so.
      "The pleasure is all mine," His eyes glittered as he looked at me.
      We both stared into each other's eyes, stars glittering all around us, our hearts beating fast and melting into each other's love.
      Monica is flaunting her glittering diamond wedding ring.
      "Gleam" or "glimmer" means shine softly.
      A glitter of sunlight made the early winter more like a late autumn.
      That should help Justin Bieber deal with all the glitter of fame.
      Glitter describes an assortment of very small, flat, reflective particles.
      n[C] a long narrow channel in the ground
      A trench is a type of excavation or depression in the ground that is generally deeper than it is wide (as opposed to a wider gully or ditch), and narrow compared to its length (as opposed to a simple hole).
      In geology, trenches are created as a result of erosion by rivers or by geological movement of tectonic plates.
      In the civil engineering field of construction of infrastructure, trenches are created to install underground infrastructure or utilities (such as gas mains, water mains or telephone lines).
      Trenches have often been dug for military defensive purposes.
      Trench warfare is a form of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of trenches, in which troops are significantly protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.
      The most prominent case of trench warfare is the Western Front in World War I.
      A trench coat or trenchcoat is a raincoat made of waterproof heavy-duty cotton gabardine drill, or leather, or poplin.
      Lynette Scavo had her sons dig a trench in the lawn.
      n[U] a type of woven fabric that has a thick layer of short cut threads on one side
      This complicated process meant that velvet was expensive to make before industrial power looms became available, and well-made velvet remains a fairly costly fabric.
      Velvet can be made from several different kinds of fibers, traditionally and the most expensive of which is silk.
      Velvet made entirely from silk has market prices of several hundred US dollars per yard.
      Mr. Geller is wearing this ancient velvet tuxedo.
      Well, after 15 years of mom and dad keeping it as a shrine to you, it's time the velvet ropes came down.
      "I just came for the red-velvet pillow," said Gunther.
      It originally described a form of diplomacy, the velvet glove signified a polite request and the iron fist the threat implied if the request was ignored.
      Blue Velvet is a 1986 American mystery film written and directed by David Lynch.
      Velveteen (or velveret) is a cloth made in imitation of velvet.
      adj large and impressive
      They may worship in cathedrals, large imposing churches, small chapels, contemporary church buildings, community facilities or homes.
      Built in the first decade of the twentieth century, it was a most imposing structure.
      Apart from the electrifying voice, she cut an imposing figure on stage.
      He is an imposing presence on the screen.
      If someone imposes themselves on you, they force you to accept their company although you may not want to.
      "Come on in. I'll make you a cup of coffee." "I wouldn't be imposing?"
      n[C] a memorable motto or phrase used in a political, commercial, religious, and other context
      Anti-government slogans had been sprayed all over the wall.
      The crowd began chanting anti-government slogans.
      Marketing slogans are often called taglines in the United States or straplines in the UK.
      "Forward," reads the slogan on President Obama's reelection posters.
      If a product is not selling, you don't stick with it until the product destroys your business. Instead, you tweak it. You rebrand it. You try a new slogan or new packaging. And if people are still not buying it, like New Coke, you drop it.
      "Free soil, free labor, free speech, free men," went the slogan.
      adj of, relating to, or used in a diagnosis
      n[C] an instrument, a program, or a technique used in diagnosis
      Ultrasounds are indispensible to doctors as a go-to diagnostic tool.
      Is there a cure in sight? What are the latest diagnostic tools?
      They could have waited for new diagnostic tests to help figure out if the drug was working.
      In seasons 1-3, House's diagnostic team consisted of three members: Foreman, Cameron, and Chase.
      I doubt it was the USB because iTunes diagnostics work just fine.
      He has worked in the diagnostics industry for many years.
      v[IT] say sth suddenly and loudly, cry
      He sprang to his sleigh, to his team gave a whistle; and away they all flew like the down of a thistle; but I heard him exclaim, ere he drove out of sight, "Merry Christmas to all, and to all a goodnight!"
      Carol exclaimed in delight upon hearing the news.
      "Threesome? No!" Susan exclaimed in disgust.
      "What," Ross exclaimed, "I'm gonna watch you and Carol doing it?"
      Compare these words: acclaim, claim, counterclaim, disclaim, exclaim, proclaim, and reclaim.
      adj round or moving round a circle
      n[C] a document that is sent to a lot of people at the same time
      A Fujian tulou is usually a large, enclosed and fortified earth building, most commonly rectangular or circular in configuration, with very thick load-bearing rammed earth walls between three and five stories high and housing up to 80 families.
      Mr. Zhao's aircraft's wider cabin allows features such as a large circular table that converts to a square one, which is popular in cultures such as China's because it allows the ideal arrangements for both socialising and playing games such as Mah Jong.
      That's a completely absurd suggestion and employs circular logic.
      For example, the circular reasoning for building a community swimming pool might go like this: "The problem is that we have no pool in our community. Building a pool will solve the problem."
      Bit of a circular argument. By your criteria, anyone who wants to die is mentally ill therefore they must be treated, i.e. forced to live.
      Most grocery store circulars can now be found online.
      n[C] sb who will receive money, property, or a title when sb else dies ¶ sb who will take over a position or job after sb else
      A son by adoption might not be heir of the property, whereas a son by birth certainly is.
      Bobbi is the sole heir to Whitney's estimated 12.8 million fortune.
      Thomas Wyatt led a rebellion against Queen Mary (Henry VIII's daughter and heir to the throne).
      Their "informal talk" was to be followed by a larger lunch attended by Sonia Gandhi, the president of the ruling Congress party, and her own son and political heir, 41-year-old Rahul.
      That indicated his status as heir apparent to current President Hu, who officially relinquishes party control this week.
      n[C] sb who shows people where to sit
      v[T] show sb where they should go
      Ushers assist visitors by formally showing the way in a large building or to their appropriate seats.
      The role of the usher in church is a volunteer position, and is often considered one of honor.
      Tasks generally performed by court ushers involve escorting participants to the courtroom and seeing that they are suitably hydrated, as well as ensuring the secure transaction of legal documents within the courtroom and deciding the order of cases.
      Oh, listen, the usher gave me this to give to you.
      All right, it's time. Bridesmaids and ushers, let's see two lines, thank you.
      Frank is ushered in, by the arm, to the room Phoebe is in by Jasmine.
      You pick up the pieces, and then you usher her in the age of Ross!
      If X ushers in Y, X causes Y to start, or is at the start of Y.
      Those new elections ushered in the Nazi Party as the second largest party in the Reichstag.
      v[IT] cook slowly in liquid
      n[UC] casserole
      It's a dish cooked by stewing.
      Whether you like them fried, stewed or nude, consuming oysters is a tasty tradition in Alabama, not to mention an important economic driver on the Alabama Gulf Coast.
      I don't like baths; you just sit in there stewing in your own filth.
      I've been stewing over something for the past few days, and I'm finally ready to write about it.
      A stew is a combination of solid food ingredients that have been cooked in liquid and served in the resultant gravy.
      Gravy is a sauce, made often from the juices that run naturally from meat or vegetables during cooking and often thickened with wheat flour or cornstarch for added texture.
      Ingredients in a stew can include any combination of vegetables (such as carrots, potatoes, beans, peppers and tomatoes, etc), meat, especially tougher meats suitable for slow-cooking, such as beef.
      Home is never far away, Home is Home Star stew.
      They're not even touching the lasagna, they love your casserole.
      I would never congratulate Monica on a great stew by patting her on the butt.
      If you stew in your own juice, you worry or become angry because of something bad that has happened or a mistake you have made.
      n[UC] compulsive idea, feeling or emotion
      Compare these two words: infatuation and obsession.
      Sheldon's lost all focus. Every day he's got a new obsession.
      Summer after ninth grade Ross saw Rachel in a two-piece for the first time, his obsession began to grow.
      "It became an obsession, and from that, a profession," said Prof. Aoi.
      This and Vertigo are Hitchcock's two great movies about sexual obsession.
      Soccer is Brazil is national obsession.
      When your love for something becomes your life, your every moment and time, then it borders on obsession.
      She spent the whole week reading up on the subject. It gripped her to the point of obsession.
      n[C] a statue that is worshipped as a god ¶ hero
      An idol is an image or other material object representing a deity to which religious worship is addressed or any person or thing regarded with admiration, adoration, or devotion.
      American Idol is an American singing competition series created by Simon Fuller and produced by 19 Entertainment.
      Though there have been many male idol groups to debut and gain popularity, not one has achieved the star power of H.O.T and TVXQ.
      I don't really have a music idol.
      He has worked with Julio Iglesias, Christina Aguilera, Marc Anthony, Beyonce and other pop idols and owner of five Grammy Awards.
      Compare these words: idol, idle, and icon.
      v[T] widen
      You need to broaden your horizons a bit more and look at the bigger picture, not just the bit that supports your preconceived notions.
      Whoever said "travel broadens the mind" didn't stay in 2-star motels.
      "Really?" One dark eyebrow arched, and his smile broadened.
      The broadening of networks was already occurring in 1995.
      Compare these words: broaden, heighten, lengthen, and shorten.
      adj having no hair or fur ¶ lacking a natural or usual covering
      Ge You, an acclaimed Chinese actor, started going bald when he was in his thirties.
      He combed his hair and tried to hide his bald patch.
      The bald (blunt) truth is that his shiny bald head is like a bulb.
      He hates bald spots in his lawn.
      The carpet in his home is so old, it's practically bald.
      His car tires are completely bald. A bald tire is no longer safe to use because its surface is worn smooth.
      He's got a pet bald eagle.
      Bald eagles are not actually bald; the name derives from an older meaning of "white headed".
      The bald eagle is both the national bird and national animal of the United States of America. The bald eagle appears on its Seal.
      A particular characteristic of many vultures is a bald head, devoid of normal feathers.
      v[I] run out ¶ come to an end ¶ exhale ¶ die
      You don't have a car. And your license expired.
      My warranty expires tomorrow, if I don't get through, they're not gonna fix my crappy, broken phone for free!
      I reorganized the fridge. See, bottom shelf: meats and dairy. (There's nothing on the shelf.) Middle shelf: fruits and vegetables. (There's one lone tomato.) And top shelf: expired products.
      They're saying your health insurance expired because you didn't work enough last year.
      President Obama's first term expired at 11:59 am on January 20, 2013.
      adj connected with the parts of a country away from the capital city ¶ old-fashioned or narrow-minded
      also a noun
      He may have to overcome resistance from politicians, provincial governments and state-run companies that have grown rich on the current system.
      It took place in a small provincial town.
      In spite of his education and travels, he has remained very provincial.
      He sought to change this provincial attitude.
      There is nothing worse than getting to a city like Paris and feeling like a provincial (bumpkin) or a dowdy tourist.
      n[C] a mountain with a large hole at the top, through which lava, ash, and gases are sometimes forced out
      The most common perception of a volcano is of a conical mountain, spewing lava and poisonous gases from a crater at its summit; however, this describes just one of the many types of volcano.
      Magma is a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth.
      A popular way of classifying magmatic volcanoes is by their frequency of eruption, with those that erupt regularly called active, those that have erupted in historical times but are now quiet called dormant or inactive, and those that have not erupted in historical times called extinct.
      By the 1st century AD, Pompeii was one of a number of towns located near the base of the volcano, Mount Vesuvius.
      In the mid-60 BC, Pompey joined Marcus Licinius Crassus and Gaius Julius Caesar in the unofficial military-political alliance, which Pompey's marriage to Caesar's daughter Julia helped secure.
      v[T] put in a particular position ¶ place under particular circumstances or in a given condition
      The village is situated in a valley.
      Intel's largest RD lab outside the US is situated in Israel.
      The Civic Square is situated right in the heart of the city.
      Cuba is situated a mere 120 kilometers off the coast of Florida.
      I decided to situate part of the story in Marseilles, because the story dealt with arms smuggling organized by French communists in support of combat groups in the Spanish civil war.
      n[C] a tool used as a form of propulsion in a boat
      v[IT] move a boat using a ~ ¶ wade
      Paddles commonly used in canoes consist of a wooden, fibreglass (glass-fiber reinforced plastic), carbon fibre or metal rod (the shaft) with a handle on one end and a rigid sheet (the blade) on the other end.
      Paddles for use in kayaks are longer, with a blade on each end; they are handled from the middle of the shaft.
      The difference between oars and paddles are that paddles are held by the paddler, and are not connected with the vessel.
      A paddle steamer is a steamship or riverboat powered by a steam engine that drives paddle wheels to propel the craft through the water.
      Modern paddle wheelers may be powered by diesel engines.
      A rudder is a device used to steer a ship, boat, submarine, hovercraft, aircraft, or other conveyance that moves through a medium (generally air or water).
      The ping-pong paddle is the racquet in table tennis.
      Leonard walked in on his naked parents while his mother was spanking his father with his new ping-pong paddle.
      A traffic paddle is a hand-held paddle-shaped signal used by police, traffic wardens, fire brigade, airport ground staff and others to direct traffic.
      The dog paddle or doggy paddle is a simple swimming style.
      We hired a boat and went for a paddle; the beautiful White Dagoba was reflected in Beihai; a cool breeze fanned our faces.
      "Treeger said we could have all this cool stuff from the basement!" "Oh no no no, I'm paddling away!"
      Tom and Huckleberry paddled upstream from Montreal to the Great Lakes and the Mississippi.
      If you paddle your own canoe, you depend on yourself and no one else.
      Susan and Carol rolled up their pants and paddled (walked for pleasure without shoes or socks in water that is not very deep) along the seashore.
      adj ≠scarce
      Carbon dioxide, CO2, is the second most abundant greenhouse gas in Earth's atmosphere, next to water vapor.
      Coal is a low-cost and abundant energy source with hundreds of years of supply.
      Although water is seemingly abundant, the real issue is the amount of fresh water available.
      The most abundant source of DHA is in seafood, such as fish and shellfish.
      The learning opportunities would be abundant.
      Abundant and copious are synonyms.
      A cornucopia is an ornamental animal's horn shown in art as overflowing with flowers, fruit and corn, symbolizing abundance.
      n[C] ≠ancestor
      He is a descendant of General Daniel Butterfield, who wrote "Taps" during the Civil War.
      The Norman King of England, a descendant of William the Conqueror, having died without leaving any children, his brother John made himself king.
      Jacob's descendants were to spread abroad from that inheritance and affect the entire world.
      The descendant selector matches all elements that are descendants of a specified element.
      We don't need strength, we're physicists. We are the intellectual descendants of Archimedes. Give me a fulcrum and a lever and I can move the Earth.