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      v[T] make sb lose the ability to move their body or a part of it ¶ make sth unable to operate normally
      Don't let your fear paralyze you.
      It paralyzes life in the Gaza Strip: eliminating most sources of employment, pushing hundreds of thousands to the brink of starvation, stopping most hospitals from functioning, disrupting the supply of electricity and water.
      Professor X spent the rest of his life in a wheelchair, paralyzed from the waist down.
      I've had a gun leveled at me and I know the paralyzing fear it causes.
      The veterinary team from Mara managed to anaesthetize the lion, surgically removed the arrow-head and treated it for the injuries caused by the weapon.
      n[C] clasp
      v[IT] fasten or be fastened ¶ bend or make sth bend ¶ give in
      The buckle or clasp is a device used for fastening two loose ends, with one end attached to it and the other held by a catch in a secure but adjustable manner.
      My belt is loose; I didn't buckle it up tightly enough.
      These shoes buckle at the side.
      The intense heat from the fire had caused the steel pillars to buckle.
      If your legs or knees buckle, they bend because they have become very weak or tired.
      I buckled under her commanding gaze.
      If you buckle down, you start to work very hard.
      For next week's dances, they have to buckle down, tighten up, and just get better.
      n[s] the planet that has rings around it
      Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second largest planet in the Solar System, after Jupiter.
      Saturn is named after the Roman god of agriculture.
      Saturn is a gas giant with an average radius about nine times that of Earth.
      Saturn has a prominent ring system that consists of nine continuous main rings and three discontinuous arcs, composed mostly of ice particles with a smaller amount of rocky debris and dust.
      At 9:32 a.m. on July 16, 1969, the Saturn V rocket launched Apollo 11 into the sky from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
      adj having a strong effect on your body or mind, powerful ¶ able to have sex
      The period just after birth is a unique and potent time biologically for the mother and baby.
      Physicians can already prescribe many more potent drugs than pot (marijuana/cannabis) to patients if they so choose.
      Strong Medicine is a 1984 novel by Arthur Hailey.
      Six decades after Auschwitz was liberated, the biggest and most brutal Nazi death camp remains a potent symbol of terror and genocide.
      But for many UK wine growers, a much more potent force is helping them to success: Britain is getting warmer.
      Cavalry was a potent weapon but again, severely limited in scope.
      "Omnipotent" sounds like "I'm impotent," but "omni" means everything or everywhere.
      The 3 main drug treatments available for treating impotence are Viagra, Levitra and Cialis.
      Viagra is a drug used to treat erectile dysfunction (ED) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).
      adj most important or best, leading, top
      Alan Greenspan, one of the foremost economists in the US, has been chairman of the Federal Reserve for a number of years.
      Getting the right people on the bus is the first and foremost priority followed by building rapport and trust amongst the team members - the better the team works together, the better the results.
      First and foremost (first), PROOFREAD.
      First and foremost, the rider should work on exercises that improve balance on the horse without the use of the hands.
      Foremost among them were the Hyundai and Samsung groups.
      adj absorbed, preoccupied
      I just don't get why some people are obsessed with not "wasting" RAM and refuse to just get more RAM.
      Pheebs, this guy has been obsessed with your sister.
      Monica's resolution is to be less obsessed with being neat and clean.
      Why are you getting so obsessed about this thing?
      "We really are detail-obsessed," he says.
      adj relating to particular groups or shared
      Collective farming and communal farming are various types of agricultural production in which the holdings of several farmers are run as a joint enterprise.
      Deadly communal violence between Buddhists and Muslims in the country's impoverished west casts a shadow over the political changes.
      They created a communal riot in 1983.
      So they started a social media campaign that was inspired by how food brings everyone together. They called it the Communal Table and asked everyone to pull up a chair.
      Most important decisions were made or announced at a small communal table in the center of the temporary office.
      adj ≠sharp ¶ frank and straightforward
      v[T] make sth ~ or less strong
      Sharpen all your blunt swords, kill the ogre!
      This pencil is blunt.
      He suffered a blow to the head from a blunt instrument, which was a frozen turkey.
      Sorry to be blunt, but you are avoiding discussion of these points.
      The sword of Islam was blunted in India.
      Hamas blunted the blockade by building a network of underground tunnels through which food, weapons and other contraband were smuggled from Egypt.
      n[U] large, heavy, powerful guns
      Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range of infantry's small arms.
      The artillery is the section of an army that uses artillery.
      Since the introduction of gunpowder and cannon, the word "artillery" has largely meant cannon and in contemporary usage it usually refers to shell-firing guns, howitzers, mortars and rockets.
      The howitzer stood between the "gun" (characterized by a longer barrel, larger propelling charges, smaller shells, higher velocities, and flatter trajectories) and the "mortar" (which was meant to fire at even higher angles of ascent and descent).
      The vast majority of combat deaths in the Napoleonic Wars, World War I and World War II were caused by artillery.
      In 1944, Joseph Stalin said in a speech that artillery was "the God of War".
      Katyusha multiple rocket launchers are a type of rocket artillery first built and fielded by the Soviet Union in World War II. German troops coined the nickname Stalin's organ (NOT orgasm).
      Bazooka is the common name for a man-portable recoilless antitank rocket launcher weapon, widely fielded by the United States Army.
      n[C] equipment used to control a horse or to attach it to a vehicle ¶ a set of bands used to hold sb in a place
      v[T] put a ~ on or attach by a ~ ¶ control and use
      A horse harness is a type of horse tack that allows a horse or other equine to pull various horse-drawn vehicles such as a carriage, wagon or sleigh.
      A dog harness is piece of equipment for dogs, generally similar to harness tack for horses.
      A climbing harness is an item of climbing equipment for rock-climbing, abseiling, or other activities requiring the use of ropes to provide access or safety such as industrial rope access, working at heights, etc.
      A harness secures a person to a rope or an anchor point.
      A safety harness is a form of protective equipment designed to protect a person, animal, or object from injury or damage.
      A child harness is a safety restraint for walking with children.
      Back in harness (usual work) editing this morning, with a publisher meeting tomorrow, up at the Penguin offices to discuss some ideas they want to propose.
      Visitors will be given instruction and practice in harnessing the horse before leaving on their tour.
      In rural Alaska, the need and desire to harness wind energy to decrease electricity costs is not political.
      I too think Romney would be wise to harness this.
      adj not sophisticated, innocent, immature
      I'm completely naive in bargaining against people who do it for a living.
      It demonstrates that they have a naive and immature view of politics.
      I can't help but wonder: how could you be so naive?
      It would be naive to think they don't think about it.
      Elsewhere, he sounds affectedly naive and painfully geeky.
      adj courageous ¶ relating to a hero ¶ very large or great
      Two Heroic Firefighters Tragically Fall Hand-In-Hand To Their Deaths While Battling An Apartment Blaze: Qian Lingyun, 23, and Liu Jie, 20, were trying to put out the blaze on the 13th floor when an explosion sent Liu over the edge of a balcony. Qian was able to grab his hand and tried to save him but was unable to pull him to safety.
      Mulan's heroic deeds were celebrated in every corner of China.
      To summarize the heroic deed: Walden stayed behind to cover their evacuation, firing the M16 (Courage Under Fire, a 1996 film).
      G.I. Joe has been made into a heroic myth.
      Over the last 10 years, thanks to the tireless and heroic work of our military and our counterterrorism professionals, we've made great strides in that effort.
      Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru led a heroic struggle freeing India from the British rule.
      "Microsoft will make heroic efforts at cost reduction," said Satya Nadella.
      Even with these heroic efforts, the global financial crisis has cost $4 trillion in lost output and 28 million lost jobs, and built perilous fiscal deficits.
      Batman is this flawed, very human heroic figure being driven by negative impulses.
      Franklin Roosevelt was a world figure of heroic proportions.
      Its services included provision of soldiers for imperial expansion in the Middle East, Africa and South-East Asia, and cannon-fodder on a heroic scale in the First World War.
      The heroine of a book, play, film, or story is the main female character, who usually has good qualities.
      Heroin is a powerful and illegal drug made from morphine.
      v[IT] feel or express great sorrow or regret
      n[C] a song, piece of music, or sth that you say, that expresses a feeling of sadness
      Compare these words: comfort, console, and condole.
      In a strongly worded statement, the Catholic Church said that while they lamented the death of dozens of policemen, the church was appalled to hear that extermination groups formed by civil and military police were killing indiscriminately.
      She too, lamented the fact that she did not have the most up to date clothes, shoes, whatever.
      He lamented that his party is going in the "wrong direction".
      Professor Ehrlich lamented the lack of political leadership on these issues, noting an absence of discussion during the presidential campaign in the United States.
      A lament or lamentation is a passionate expression of grief, often in music, poetry, or song form. The grief is most often born of regret, or mourning.
      Many of the oldest and most lasting poems in human history have been laments. Laments are present in both the Iliad and the Odyssey.
      n[UC] a tree with long thin branches and long thin leaves, or the wood
      The leaves and bark of the willow tree have been mentioned in ancient texts from Assyria, Sumer and Egypt as a remedy for aches and fever.
      Some of humans' earliest manufactured items may have been made from willow. A fishing net made from willow dates back to 8300 BC.
      Willows produce a modest amount of nectar from which bees can make honey, and are especially valued as a source of early pollen for bees.
      In Buddhism, a willow branch is one of the chief attributes of Kwan Yin.
      Then he turned to look up at the willow tree.
      v[T] mimic
      Kung Fu Panda is good at imitating Master Shifu.
      These drugs are manufactured in a laboratory to imitate the male sex hormone, testosterone.
      I had to use a Mac for a few months for work and I never did get to like the stupid thing. I don't want anything that works or looks like or imitates it, thank you very much.
      If America imitated the best aspect of European socialism and invested enough in public schools so that they were all good, then there would be little reason for the rich to leave cities to get better schooling.
      The hardest part of this discovery is steering yourself away from imitating those who have already succeeded, in order to discover what your own excellence.
      Compare these words: ape, do, copy, imitate, impersonate, mimic, and mock.
      v[IT] make clothing out of thread, yarn etc, using needles etc
      Knitted fabric consists of a number of consecutive rows of loops, called stitches.
      Knitting may be done by hand or by machine. There exist numerous styles and methods of hand knitting.
      Like weaving, knitting is a technique for producing a two-dimensional fabric made from a one-dimensional yarn or thread.
      In lace knitting, the pattern is formed by making small, stable holes in the fabric, generally with yarn overs.
      Julia Hopson with world-record 3.5 meter long knitting needles
      Embroidery is the handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and thread or yarn.
      A cardigan is a type of knitted garment that has an open front.
      A jumper is a knitted woolen or cotton piece of clothing for the upper part of the body, with long sleeves and no buttons.
      Tube socks are socks that are knitted in a single long tube, so that they have no clearly delineated heel and ankle region.
      Talented authors have the ability to knit words together and make it seem effortless.
      A close-knit group of people is one in which everyone knows each other well and gives each other support when they need it.
      In 1954, residents of these small, tightly knit communities were given the long awaited news that their villages would be flooded and submerged under the new Lake St. Lawrence.
      A tight-knit group of people are closely connected with each other.
      Traditional Aboriginal society is a closely knit and interdependent unit.
      When broken bones knit, the broken pieces grow together again.
      If you knit your brows, you frown to show you are worried, thinking hard etc.
      n[U] bitterness
      Resentment (also called ranklement or bitterness) is the experience of a negative emotion (anger or hatred, for instance) felt as a result of a real or imagined wrong done.
      If an action rankles or rankles you, it continues to annoy or upset you for a long time after it has happened.
      Oh, do I sense a little bit of resentment?
      If you sulk, you are silent or unsociable as a result of bad temper or resentment.
      I've almost always felt resentment.
      Don't harbor resentment against the whole world.
      Mr. Zhang still bears resentment at the clear and decisive decision taken at the Special Session in 1935.
      v[T] have an very strong desire for sth
      And if you crave more information, here is a good blog post.
      The human mind craves and demands reasonable stories.
      Joey was a fat man who restlessly craved the attentions of beautiful women who could cook.
      It gave me the peace I was craving.
      The home-cooked meal I most crave is pumpkin fritters with cinnamon sugar.
      v[T] make sb less hot or tired ¶ refill ¶ update, reload
      I don't know what the protocol is here. Do I stay? Do I leave? Do I wait to greet them with a refreshing beverage?
      Mr. and Mrs. Geller enter looking particularly refreshed.
      In the sweetness of friendship, let there be laughter and sharing of pleasures. For in the dew of little things the heart finds its morning and is refreshed.
      If you refresh someone's memory, you make them remember something.
      "You said you liked them." "Did I? Let's refresh. I believe what I said was that I could see your scalp."
      Meta refresh is a method of instructing a web browser to automatically refresh the current web page or frame after a given time interval, using an HTML meta element with the http-equiv parameter set to "refresh" and a content parameter giving the time interval in seconds.
      n[UC] shortage or weakness
      I have known deficiency of meat produce constipation, quite as often as deficiency of vegetables.
      Alcoholism usually culminates in a deficiency of thiamine, or vitamin B1.
      What are the symptoms of iron deficiency?
      The number of people with vitamin deficiency is quite large, especially with the current lifestyle of the people who consume less fruit and vegetables.
      Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
      Has a system deficiency in the air traffic control system been alleged?
      n[C] an arched form above an enclosed space ¶ jumping
      v[IT] jump over an object in a single movement
      Vault is an architectural term for an arched form used to provide a space with a ceiling or roof.
      A bank vault (or strongroom) is a secure space where money, valuables, records, and documents can be stored.
      A burial vault is a structural underground tomb.
      A utility vault is an underground room providing access to subterranean public utility equipment, such as valves for water or natural gas pipes, or switchgear for electrical or telecommunications equipment.
      The vault is an artistic gymnastics apparatus, as well as the skill performed using that apparatus. Vaulting is also the action of performing a vault. The apparatus itself originated as a "horse", much like the pommel horse (also side horse) but without the handles; it was sometimes known as the vaulting horse.
      Pole vaulting is a track and field event in which a person uses a long, flexible pole (which today is usually made either of fiberglass or carbon fiber) as an aid to jump over a bar.
      A man entered the bank and vaulted over the counter before snatching some cash.
      America's public debt has of course vaulted (leaped) from 76pc of GDP at the outset of the crisis to 107pc this year (IMF data), comparable to damage from a world war, but that is a debt rotation effect.
      adj having a big effect ¶ conclusive ¶ able to decide quickly
      Intelligence has become the decisive factor in success.
      This had a decisive effect on the desert war and helped bring final victory to the allied ground troops.
      Shakespeare did indeed exercise a decisive influence on the cultural and political history of Europe.
      Without a new strategy and decisive action, our military commanders warned that we could face a resurgent al Qaeda and a Taliban taking over large parts of Afghanistan.
      We have taken decisive steps in the past 20 years to make child safety a priority and to help victims of abuse.
      A decisive victory or defeat will go a long way.
      Only a ground invasion could achieve a decisive result.
      David Cameron is the only one I want as Prime Minister; we need a strong, decisive leader, now, of all times.
      n[UC] speed (and direction of motion)
      Velocity is the rate of change of the position of an object, equivalent to a specification of its speed and direction of motion, e.g. 60 km/h to the north.
      Velocity is a vector physical quantity; the scalar absolute value (magnitude) of velocity is called "speed".
      As always, the velocity of a wave depends on the properties of the medium.
      The second projectile has a very high velocity, approximately 4% of the speed of light.
      Cheetahs and gazelles can run with astonishing velocity.
      adj full of energy, enthusiasm, or determination ¶ strong and healthy
      "Please, please have a heart!" Ross's vigorous protest is attracting attention.
      Despite vigorous effort not much has changed.
      Do not perform vigorous exercise within 30 minutes of test.
      It is certain to provoke vigorous debate.
      Although he fought a vigorous campaign, the election of 19 December was a disaster.
      Monica is a vigorous young woman.
      n[UC] an attempt to remove a government or leader by violence ¶ opposition to authority
      Compare these words: coup, insurrection, mutiny, revolt, revolution, and uprising.
      The story is set in 1888. The Sign of the Four has a complex plot involving service in East India Company, India, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, a stolen treasure, and a secret pact among four convicts ("the Four" of the title) and two corrupt prison guards.
      The Indian Rebellion of 1857 posed a considerable threat to East India Company power in that region. The rebellion is also known as India's First War of Independence, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Revolt of 1857, the Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Sepoy Rebellion and the Sepoy Mutiny.
      In 2006, the hundredth anniversary of the rebellion was commemorated in a ceremony which declared Chief Bambatha a national hero of post-Apartheid South Africa.
      The arrests were made as part of the British efforts to suppress the rebellion of the Musilm peasants raging in the region.
      Peasant rebellions occurred throughout the 16th century.
      Armed Irish nationalists staged a rebellion against British rule of Ireland.
      By July 4, 1776, the colonies had already been in rebellion for over a year.
      What sparked off Shays' Rebellion?
      Police crushed the rebellion, shot 16 of the 3,000 Nazi party demonstrators dead, and arrested Hitler.
      Milton isn't advocating rebellion against God.
      Since millions of baby boomers were raised in the affluent suburbs that had sprung up after the war, they began their rebellion against the materialism of their youth.