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      n[U] clothes that you wear next to your skin under your other clothes
      Panties (typically called knickers in British English) are a form of underwear designed to be worn by women and girls in the crotch area below the waist.
      I'm Joey. Yeah, I'm disgusting, I take my underwear off in other people's homes.
      Meanwhile, I get Rachel shoving your underwear in my face and asking when she can come see me star in Ugly Woman.
      But I don't get it. Does anybody else just take off their underwear when they're hot?
      Well, I'm telling everyone about you! That's the only way to explain the underwear and the video camera that doesn't make me look like a pig!
      Okay, but if it only happened that one time, how come we found your underwear in our apartment the other day?
      "That was the underwear I was wearing that night in London. Right Monica?' 'I guess I wanted to keep it as a souvenir."
      n[UC] difference
      There was a pretty big disparity in free throws between the two teams.
      It has long been noted that there is a disparity by race in SAT scores.
      It means that income disparity in this country has reached critical mass.
      A similar disparity between popular conceptions and reality applies to the housing conditions of the poor.
      Comparison of the two accounts revealed numerous disparities.
      n[C] a long narrow pillow or cushion
      v[T] support, improve, boost
      In western countries, a bolster is usually placed at the head of one's bed and functions as head or lower back support, or as an arm support on furniture with high rigid sides.
      To increase human and social services, he created the Department of Education, bolstered the Social Security system, and appointed record numbers of women, blacks, and Hispanics to Government jobs.
      This belief has been bolstered by much of the nutrition advice given to people over the past few decades, which has focused on lowering total fat intake while increasing carbohydrate intake.
      Instead of bolstering pension and health-care protections for middle-class Americans, the Bush administration's commitment to an ownership society has led it to propose policy changes that will undermine existing programs.
      The government borrowed money to bolster up the economy.
      v[T] imitate
      n[C] a person or animal that is good at this
      Basically, they would need to mimic or do better than Apple on hardware, price, content, performance, usability, and cloud services.
      Ross mimics people often when he is annoyed with them.
      Legions of adolescent girls mimicked her look and a Madonna clothing store was opened in New York.
      A stingray (an electronic surveillance device) works by mimicking a cellphone tower, getting a phone to connect to it and measuring signals from the phone.
      Several species, including several hoverflies, mimic stinging species of wasp.
      In evolutionary biology, mimicry is a similarity of one species to another which protects one or both. Mimics are found in the same areas as their models.
      n[C] sb whose job is to treat people's teeth
      A dentist, also known as a dental surgeon, is a health care practitioner who specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and conditions of the oral cavity.
      To become a licensed dentist, one must then complete an accredited dental school curriculum and successfully master all clinical competencies and national board exams.
      In the U.S., a newly graduated dentist is then awarded the DDS, Doctor of Dental Surgery, degree or the DMD, Doctor of Dental Medicine, degree depending on the dental school attended.
      One day, they called me out of class to go to the dentist.
      If you don't go to the dentist, the acids can continue to make their way through the enamel, and the inside parts of your tooth can begin to decay.
      n[C] a group of things or people dealt with at the same time or considered similar in type
      Small-batch whiskeys are positioned for the upper-premium market, and are typically aged from six to nine years in oak barrels.
      I made a batch and I froze it, and this is the only one left.
      Ok, here's batch 22. Oh, maybe these will taste a little like your grandmother's.
      Oh yeah! Batch 17 was good. I did not like batch 16.
      Batch production is a technique used in manufacturing, in which the object in question is created stage by stage over a series of workstations, and different batches of products are made.
      With job production (one-off production) and flow production (continuous production) it is one of the three main production methods.
      Batch processing is the execution of a series of programs ("jobs") on a computer without manual intervention.
      In DOS and Microsoft Windows, batch file is the name given to a type of script file, a text file containing a series of commands to be executed by the command interpreter.
      n[C] small thin layer or piece
      v[I] break off in ~
      Corn flakes are a popular breakfast cereal originally manufactured by Kellogg's through the treatment of maize.
      A snowflake is either a single ice crystal or an aggregation of ice crystals which falls through the Earth's atmosphere.
      I have troubles with small flakes of dandruff.
      The tan fades as dead skin cells flake off, often in around a week.
      Add the flaked (separated into flakes) tuna and anchovies, then stir in the olives.
      Flaked coconut is combined with sugar, vanilla and egg white.
      Joey elected to spend the day flaked out (lie down or fall asleep) in front of Stevie the TV.
      v[I] breathe with short quick breaths
      Mr. Grey puffed and panted up the stairs, carrying a sheep.
      He was panting for breath and covered in sweat.
      "Honey, where are you?" he panted.
      "My husband's home and you're wearing my underpants!" Red Tai Lang sprung out of bed.
      Panting for (having or showing a strong desire for) revenge, Mr. Grey became the most diligent student of Master Shifu.
      n[C] a long stick with burning material at one end ¶ flashlight
      v[T] set fire to sth
      A torch is either a wooden or metal rod wrapped at one end with a material that has been impregnated with a flammable substance and ignited.
      Edmund's Torch was an electric one, given to Edmund as a birthday present in England, just one week before he was transported to Narnia, with his brother and sisters, for the second time, to help Prince Caspian.
      They can't really see much when they shine the torch into the car, can they?
      The Olympic Torch today is ignited several months before the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games at the site of the ancient Olympics in Olympia, Greece.
      The statue is of a robed female figure representing Libertas, the Roman goddess of freedom, who bears a torch and a tabula ansata (a tablet evoking the law) upon which is inscribed the date of the American Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776.
      A blowtorch (USA usage), or blowlamp (UK usage, else rare or archaic), is a fuel-burning tool used for applying flame and heat to various applications, usually metalworking.
      Joey took out a bowling ball and a propane torch.
      Raj and I will run down to my lab and get the oxyacetylene torch.
      What?! No saws! One circumcision was enough. How about an acetylene torch?
      "You could teach stripping. You know, share your gift, pass the torch," said Phoebe.
      After the Soviet pullout, many of the Afghan Arabs returned home or went to other countries, carrying the torch of Islamic revolution.
      A torch song is a sentimental love song, typically one in which the singer laments an unrequited or lost love, either where one party is oblivious to the existence of the other, where one party has moved on, or where a romantic affair has affected the relationship.
      The term comes from the saying, "to carry a torch for someone", or to keep aflame the light of an unrequited love.
      Seventy years ago this spring, university students all across Germany built bonfires of books.
      The torchings began just a few months after the Nazi party took power.
      n[C] a long journey, esp by sea or in space
      also a noun
      During Sinbad's voyages throughout the seas east of Africa and south of Asia, he has fantastic adventures going to magical places, meeting monsters, and encountering supernatural phenomena.
      The Mayflower was the Pilgrim ship that in 1620 made the historic voyage from England to the New World.
      The Titanic sank in April 1912 on its maiden voyage from Southampton to New York.
      Voyager 2 is a space probe launched by NASA on August 20, 1977 to study the outer Solar System and eventually interstellar space.
      The ladder retracts, taking Joey up into the spaceship for his voyage to Blargon 7, and Kate waves good bye.
      "Bon voyage" is a French phrase borrowed into English, usually translated as "have a nice trip" or "safe journey".
      That sucks! Nobody's ever thrown me a bon-voyage-Emily party.
      A voyage is a situation in which you learn a lot of new things about something or someone.
      Each themed area is designed to ensure that heroes of all ages will find much to explore and enjoy at the LEGO experiment centers, roller coasters, water attractions and shows.
      The whole family can thus embark on a day-long voyage of discovery, adventure and fun!
      Then they set sail and putting out to sea, voyaged with a fair wind all that night, till the sun rose; and while everything went well, they saw the Rukh come flying after them, as he were a vast cloud, with a rock in his talons, like a great heap bigger than the ship.
      v[IT] say a poem or story that you have learned to an audience ¶ list or enumerate
      Chandler starts to recite a rehearsed speech, "Monica is a self-sufficient, together lady. Being with her has been like being on a vacation..."
      Did she tell you he plays the recorder, recites poetry and bakes Madeleines?
      Good teachers do far more than recite lessons, they teach critical (crucial or able to discern) thinking.
      If you quote someone as saying something, you repeat what they have written or said.
      The method as recited in claim 2, further comprising: an act of determining that the fourth location is on the specified side of the second line segment.
      I still can't believe that my dad saw us having sex! He didn't make it to one of my piano recitals, but this he sees!
      n[C] a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight
      A glacier is an extremely large mass of ice which moves very slowly, often down a mountain valley.
      Glacial bodies larger than 50,000 km² are called ice sheets or continental glaciers.
      Glaciers form where the accumulation of snow and ice exceeds ablation.
      Glaciers move, or flow, downhill due to gravity and the internal deformation of ice.
      Large masses, such as ice sheets or glaciers, can depress the crust of the Earth into the mantle.
      n[pl] leaders within certain religions
      All the local clergy attended the ceremony.
      The roles and functions of clergy vary in different religious traditions but these usually involve presiding over specific rituals and teaching their religion's doctrines and practices.
      Some of the terms used for individual clergy are cleric, clergyman, clergywoman, clergyperson, and churchman.
      Bishop Robert Finn of Missouri, was found guilty in September of covering up for a priest suspected of child abuse - the first bishop ever convicted in the long history of the clergy abuse scandal.
      All members of the clergy are forbidden to dwell with any woman, except a mother, sister, or aunt.
      n[C] a small piece of cloth left after the rest has been sold or used ¶ sth left over, remainder
      Friday, November 16, 2012: Supernova remnant W44 glows in space, seen here as the vast purple sphere on the left side of this image. W44 measures about 100 light-years across.
      Iran is the remnant of the Persian empires.
      This remnant of what was the most sacred building in the Jewish world quickly became the holiest spot in Jewish life.
      The only hope for the survival of some remnant of humanity lies in some of the Alien species that may want to preserve a sample of humans as lab and zoo specimens, and as unusually pain sensitive pets.
      Deep into the jungles of Guatemala are the remnants of a civilization which existed more than 1,000 years ago.
      v[T] pull sth quickly in order to remove it
      Chandler used Monica's tweezer to pluck his nose hair.
      Chandler earned his allowance by plucking the eyebrows of his father and his "business" partners.
      "I don't know if I can take anymore plucking. It hurts so bad!" Joey cried.
      If you pluck at something, you take it between your fingers and pull it sharply but gently.
      Phoebe starts to pluck at the air just in front of Ross.
      "Did I pluck a nerve there?" Mrs.Cooper asked.
      "Have the turkeys been plucked?" Monica asked.
      Helen plucked a rose from the garden.
      Monica plucked a couple of plastic bags from the roll.
      Tom picked up the guitar and plucked at the strings.
      Here was a man who was plucked from obscurity and put into the limelight.
      Helicopters plucked to safety some 50 people who were trapped on the liner.
      Leonard finally plucked up enough courage to ask Penny out.
      If you say that someone plucks a figure, name, or date out of the air, you mean that they say it without thinking much about it before they speak.
      v[T] gather or organize
      n[C] a holder of various military, law-enforcement and other positions
      Friedman and Schwartz marshaled massive historical data and sharp analytics to support the claim.
      She marshaled the peas so that they formed meticulous rows and columns across her plate.
      Field marshal is a very senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks. Usually it is the highest rank in an army, and when it is, few (if any) persons are appointed to it.
      George Catlett Marshall, Jr. was an American soldier and statesman famous for his leadership roles during World War II and the Cold War.
      He was hailed as the "organizer of victory" by Winston Churchill for his leadership of the Allied victory in World War II.
      Marshall's name was given to the Marshall Plan, subsequent to a commencement address he presented as Secretary of State at Harvard University in the June of 1947.
      Sky Marshal Dienes is a former Admiral of Fleet and Sky Marshal of Federation Forces (Starship Troopers).
      Fire marshals' duties vary but usually include fire code enforcement and/or investigating fires for origin and cause.
      Demonstration marshals, also called stewards, are used by the organizers of large or controversial demonstrations, rallies and protests, to help ensure the safety of the participants.
      The United States Marshals Service (USMS) is a U.S. federal law enforcement agency within the U.S. Department of Justice.
      n[C] a lever activated by one's foot
      v[T] move a bike by turning the ~
      Compare these words: paddle, pedal, petal and peddle.
      A bicycle pedal is the part of a bicycle that the rider pushes with their foot to propel the bicycle.
      It provides the connection between the cyclist's foot or shoe and the crank allowing the leg to turn the bottom bracket spindle and propel the bicycle's wheels.
      The bottom bracket on a bicycle connects the crankset (chainset) to the bicycle and allows the crankset to rotate freely.
      An automobile may have two to four pedals. From left to right: clutch pedal (not in the case of automatic transmission); brake pedal; throttle (known as the "accelerator" or "gas pedal").
      Some vehicles have a parking brake pedal instead of a hand brake lever.
      Ross screamed when Rachel put her foot down on the accelerator pedal.
      Piano pedals are foot-operated levers at the base of a piano which change the instrument's sound in various ways.
      A pedal bin is a container with a lid operated by a foot pedal.
      Phoebe pedaled off the road and fell over.
      v[IT] move out of a place because of danger, or make people do this ¶ empty your bowels
      Peter, Susan, Edmund, and Lucy Pevensie, were evacuated to the English countryside from London in 1940 following the outbreak of World War II.
      Students and staff were evacuated, and the university had offered a $5000 reward for information into the threats.
      At least 15 million people were evacuated from their homes and more than 5 million were left homeless.
      The lobby is swarming with crying children. They have been evacuated from the public school across the street.
      We called them when we got back to Tel Aviv. They have evacuated, having endured decades of tension and attacks.
      Meanwhile the US and the USSR joined in demanding that Israel should evacuate the Sinai desert and should depend on international assurances to maintain access to the Red Sea and to protect Israel from attacks by Egyptian irregular forces.
      v[I] (birds/monkeys) make short high sounds ¶ (teeth) strike together with a clicking sound ¶ talk quickly and continuously, esp about unimportant things
      also a noun
      Compare these words: chat, chatter, chirp, and chitchat.
      Oh my God, you've got to stop chattering!
      I know it must be important to you when you start chattering like a monkey.
      I know you chatter on about it all the time, but I've never really paid attention.
      He felt very cold, he was shaking uncontrollably, his teeth were chattering; the tears were rolling down his cheeks.
      The only sounds were the chatter of people and the thrum of traffic beside the cathedral.
      n[C] a shop or type of business that provides a particular service
      Parlour (or parlor) is a name used for a variety of different reception rooms and public spaces in different historical periods.
      At the ice cream parlor, customers can choose among five different ice cream flavors.
      The choice seemed to be between opening a bar, a restaurant, a shop, an internet cafe or a tattoo parlor.
      It is better if you can have a hair wash at a beauty parlor.
      Try doing back exercises or go to a massage parlor or get acupuncture done on your back.
      A funeral home, funeral parlor or mortuary, is a business that provides burial and funeral services for the dead and their families.
      A shop or restaurant where pizzas are made and sold as main food is called a "pizzeria".
      The phrases "pizza parlor," "pizza place" and "pizza shop" are used in the United States.
      n[C] an upright frame that a person or horse must jump over during a race ¶ obstacle
      v[IT] jump over sth while you are running ¶ run in ~ races
      The 110 meters hurdles, or 110-meter hurdles, is a hurdling track and field event for men.
      As part of a racing event, ten hurdles of 1.067 meters (3.5 ft or 42 inches) in height are evenly spaced along a straight course of 110 meters.
      Fallen hurdles do not carry a fixed time penalty for the runners, but they have a significant pull-over weight which slows down the run.
      Like the 100 meters sprint, the 110 meters hurdles begins in the starting blocks.
      Liu Xiang is a Chinese 110 meter hurdler. Liu is an Olympic Gold medalist and World Champion. His 2004 Olympic gold medal was the first in a men's track and field event for China.
      World record holder Liu Xiang won the 110 hurdles Tuesday at the Athletissima Grand Prix.
      He cleared all the hurdles easily and raced to the finishing line.
      This can be an extremely difficult hurdle to overcome.
      My partner hurdled the barrier holding back the crowd and came rushing up to me with tears in her eyes.
      There are specific challenges that need to be hurdled with regard to cloud computing.
      n[U] the scientific study of people, society, and culture
      Anthropology is the study of humans, past and present, that draws and builds upon knowledge from the social sciences and biological sciences, as well as the humanities and the natural sciences.
      Anthropology builds upon knowledge from natural sciences, including the discoveries about the origin and evolution of Homo sapiens, human physical traits, human behavior, the variations among different groups of humans, how the evolutionary past of Homo sapiens has influenced its social organization and culture, and from social sciences, including the organization of human social and cultural relations, institutions, social conflicts, etc.
      Franz Boas founded the modern science of anthropology here in the early decades of the twentieth century, even as Thomas Hunt Morgan set the course for modern genetics.
      My colleagues and I in the Anthropology Department at USF encourage our Governor to do his homework on the modern discipline of anthropology before making another casual but ill-informed remark.
      Anthropologists at USF work side by side with civil and industrial engineers, cancer researchers, specialists in public health and medicine, chemists, biologists, and others in the science, technology, and engineering fields that the Governor so eagerly applauds.
      v[I] run slowly and steadily, esp for exercise ¶ bump
      also a noun
      Chandler comes out wearing spandex, jogging in place.
      Monica and Chandler are jogging. Chandler is lagging behind so he hops in a cab and takes off, leaving Monica behind.
      I go jogging every evening.
      I was making my evening's jogging along the road when I saw from a distance, a small family vehicle sway on the road and get into a ditch.
      It jogged my memory (make me remember) back to 1997 when I was 17 years old and knew nothing about life.
      I go for a two-mile jog every evening.
      I can't write, but after going for a jog or taking a nap, the "flow" state comes and I find myself writing and writing again.
      adj lasting for a long time ¶ (plants) living for more than two years
      n[C] a ~ plant
      The popular TV series has achieved worldwide cult status and remains a perennial favorite on DVD.
      Colorado River is a perennial river in a desert environment.
      The North Carolina women's soccer team is a perennial winner among college teams.
      A perennial plant or simply perennial (from Latin per, meaning "through", and annus, meaning "year") is a plant that lives for more than two years.
      Perennials, especially small flowering plants, that grow and bloom over the spring and summer, die back every autumn and winter, and then return in the spring from their root-stock, are known as herbaceous perennials.
      Leafy mistletoe plants are perennial and remain alive within their respective host until the tree host, or the branch upon which it is established, dies.
      v[IT] breathe in
      Relax. Inhale through your nose and exhale through your mouth slowly three times.
      Every time a smoker inhales, these chemicals are drawn into the body where they interfere with cell function and cause problems ranging from cell death to genetic changes which lead to cancer.
      It escapes into the air, where it can be inhaled by anyone unfortunate enough to be nearby.
      At last he brought it to his nose and sniffed, as if inhaling the vapors of a fine wine.
      Smokers who inhale are likely to become addicted to nicotine.