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      v[IT] sit or stand with your back and shoulders curved forward
      n[C] idea based on intuition or instinct and not on evidence
      Yeah, let's try it again, and maybe, this time, you could work on your body language a bit. You know, when you're all hunched like that, you're shutting the audience out, but when you're relaxed and open, you're inviting them in.
      For example, this morning, I was calculating the random motion of virtual particles in a vacuum, when suddenly the particles morphed into an image of Amy's dandruff, gently cascading down onto her pale, slightly hunched shoulders.
      Remain in your position of kneeling on all fours, with hands flat on the floor shoulder width apart, knees placed hip's width apart. Make sure you don't hunch your shoulders.
      The Hunchback of Notre-Dame is an 1831 novel written and published by French author Victor Hugo.
      Found in oceans and seas around the world, humpback whales typically migrate up to 25,000 kilometers (16,000 mi) each year.
      So does he have a hump?
      A hatchback is a car body configuration with a rear door that swings upward to provide access to a cargo area.
      In everyday language, theory is often used to mean a hunch with little evidential support.
      "I have had a hunch for a while that Carol is a lesbian," said Ross.
      adj slim
      Her long slender fingers were roughened by the rugged life.
      Corsets were to produce a woman's body appear to have a slender waist and an hourglass figure.
      Rachel insisted that her ankles were slender (neither chubby nor skinny).
      I am feeling very pessimistic, but there is a slender hope that I will witness a great escape.
      A slender majority of Egyptians (52%) opposes increasing taxes on fuels that produce greenhouse gases in order to encourage consumers and industry to use less, while 48 percent are in favor.
      Our slender resources of money and equipment were already stretched.
      n[C] accomplice
      A confederate is a person who helps someone do something, especially something illegal or secret.
      If I'm going down, you guys are going down with me. Harboring a fugitive? That's one to three years minimum. Good luck Chandler.
      A confederate is a member of a confederacy.
      A confederacy is a union of states, groups of people or political parties with the same aim.
      The Confederate States of America (CSA), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was a secessionist government established in 1861 within the existing territory of the United States by seven slave states of the Lower South that had declared their secession from the United States following the November 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln.
      A confederation is a group of people, political parties, or organizations that have united for political purposes or trade.
      Canadian Confederation was the process by which the federal Dominion of Canada was formed on July 1, 1867. On that day, three British colonies became four provinces of the new dominion.
      A conspiracy is a secret plan by a group of people to do something harmful or illegal.
      adj in between two other related things, levels or points
      also a noun
      The best part was that I could start out on intermediate level things with a decent amount of ease.
      Being an experienced intermediate skier, I usually go down pretty steep Blue Square rated runs.
      This species was named in 2002 to contain fossils found in Dmanisi, Georgia, which seem intermediate between H. habilis and H. erectus.
      The pupa is at an intermediate stage of development; it is intermediate between the egg and the adult butterfly.
      Hyperlinked information on a third-party web site may be less likely to be attributed to an issuer if the issuer makes the information accessible only after a visitor to its web site has been presented with an intermediate screen that clearly and prominently indicates that the visitor is leaving the issuer's web site and that the information subsequently viewed is not the issuer's.
      v[I] follow
      A discussion ensued.
      An awkward silence ensues.
      Bitter arguments ensued from this misunderstanding.
      Hideously embarrassed, the doctors drain their glasses in the vicious pause which ensues.
      He died in the ensuing fire at the age of 33.
      v[T] protect
      n[C] a law, rule, plan, etc that protects sb/sth
      We will introduce legal safeguards against fraud.
      The objective of a national health program is to make available in all parts of our country and for all groups of our people the scientific knowledge and skill at our command to prevent and care for sickness and disability; to safeguard mothers, infants and children; and to offset through social insurance the loss of earnings among workers who are temporarily or permanently disabled.
      The percentage of safeguarded environment in Cuba is among the highest of any nation, says Kenton Miller, chairman of the Switzerland-based World Commission on Protected Areas.
      Human rights could not be safeguarded through the application of double standards.
      The Privacy Act of 1974 provides safeguards against an invasion of privacy through the misuse of records by Federal agencies.
      v[T] put back
      The match was postponed to the following Sunday because of bad weather.
      The 1939 amendments postponed until 1943 the increased taxes to be paid by employers and employees.
      In many cases, the tax on investment gains is postponed until you retire and begin spending it.
      However, this control merely postpones more severe outbursts of symptoms.
      I hate the fact that you keep postponing it for five days to upload these videos onto the website.
      v[I] try very hard to achieve sth
      I strive to acknowledge everyone's specific contributions whenever possible.
      He strives to get capital flowing on the island, encourage private enterprise and take pressure off the economically crippled state.
      We strived to create an eco-friendly space where students could further their mental and physical prowess.
      This allows you to accept yourself while still striving to improve.
      We must continue to strive for greater efficiency.
      adj purified or improved ¶ polite and cultured
      This gaping discrepancy between apparent demand and actual consumption implies there has been a massive build-up in unreported stocks of refined copper held in bonded warehouses and elsewhere.
      A bonded warehouse is a building or other secured area in which dutiable goods may be stored, manipulated, or undergo manufacturing operations without payment of duty.
      The idea that refined sugar causes ADHD or makes symptoms worse is popular, but more research discounts this theory than supports it.
      Laser surgery has become much more refined over the last decade.
      She is a lady of very refined tastes.
      It's an extraordinary country populated by brilliant refined people.
      adj trivial ¶ unkind and caring too much about ~ things
      Give people what they think they need, and they won't bother you with petty issues.
      Vancouver's impressive score of 97.3 could have been even higher if not for petty crime rates, lack of availability of quality housing and congested road networks, the National Post reports.
      He is nothing more than a petty thief.
      Village life is full of gossip and petty jealousies.
      It annoys me that people can be so petty.
      n[C] a vehicle that travels in space
      A spacecraft is a vehicle, vessel or machine designed to fly in outer space.
      Spacecraft are used for a variety of purposes, including communications, earth observation, meteorology, navigation, planetary exploration and transportation of humans and cargo.
      Sputnik was the first artificial satellite. It was launched into an elliptical low Earth orbit by the Soviet Union on 4 October 1957.
      As of 2011, only three nations have flown manned spacecraft: USSR/Russia, USA, and China.
      The first manned spacecraft was Vostok 1, which carried Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin into space in 1961, and completed a full Earth orbit.
      adj brutal, malicious, or violent
      Stalin was a vicious murderer on a scale with his sometime partner Hitler.
      Being the largest cat in the world, the Siberian Tiger has a reputation of being a vicious Killer.
      It was a vicious attack on my personal life.
      The British Brothers' League had led a vicious campaign against Jewish migrants at the beginning of the 20th century.
      The USA have waged a vicious war on drugs internationally and domestically, especially on cannabis.
      A vicious circle is a complex of events that reinforces itself through a feedback loop.
      A virtuous circle has favorable results, while a vicious circle has detrimental results.
      n[U] foot soldiers
      An infantryman is a soldier who fights on foot.
      A foot soldier is a soldier who fights on foot, an infantry trooper.
      In the United States cavalry and airborne, "trooper" is a colloquialism that has traditionally been used not as a rank, but rather as a general term for any enlisted soldier.
      In English, the 16th-century term Infantry describes soldiers who walk to the battlefield, and there engage, fight, and defeat the enemy in direct combat, usually to take and occupy the terrain.
      As a branch of the armed forces, the role of the infantry in warfare is to engage, fight, and kill the enemy at close range - using either a firearm (rifle, pistol, machine gun), an edged-weapon (knife, bayonet), or bare hands (close quarters combat).
      In the U.S. Army, the "infantry closes with the enemy, by means of fire and maneuver, in order to destroy or capture him, or to repel his assault by fire, close combat, and counterattack".
      In the U.S. Marine Corps, the role of the infantry is to "locate, close with, and destroy the enemy with fire and maneuver, and to repel the enemy assault by fire and close combat".
      "The infantry doesn't change. We're the only arm of the army where the weapon is the man, himself." - C.T. Shortis
      v[IT] increases in size or scale, or make sth do this ¶ elaborate, expand
      Chandler thought Monica was having an operation to enlarge her breasts.
      Click to enlarge the photograph.
      In a month or two it may enlarge still more and become painful, and prove to be a sarcoma.
      A good way to enlarge your vocabulary is to access www.soncp.com.
      Real historians don't put past ages in the dock. Their business is to show what happened and, if possible, why it happened, to open our eyes and so enlarge our understanding.
      These will help the students with pronunciation and intonation and enlarge their knowledge about Western culture.
      May I ask the gentleman to enlarge on what he has said?
      He enlarged on the point, with display of learning, yet studiously avoiding the tone of pedantry.
      n[C] difference
      adj based/depending on a difference
      In traditional approaches to calculus, the differentials (e.g. dx, dy, dt etc...) are interpreted as infinitesimals. Infinitesimals have been used to express the idea of objects so small that there is no way to see them or to measure them.
      In mathematics, differential calculus is a subfield of calculus concerned with the study of the rates at which quantities change. It is one of the two traditional divisions of calculus, the other being integral calculus.
      "What if she winds up with a toddler who doesn't know if he should use an integral or a differential to solve the area under a curve?" Sheldon asked.
      Tracked vehicles such as bulldozers and tanks usually employ differential steering - that is, the tracks are made to move at different speeds or even in opposite directions, using clutches and brakes, to bring about a change of course or direction.
      Differential signaling is a method of transmitting information electrically with two complementary signals sent on two paired wires, called a differential pair. Since external interference tends to affect both wires together, and information is sent only by the difference between the wires, the technique improves resistance to electromagnetic noise compared with use of only one wire and an un-paired reference (ground).
      We are repeatedly told that the pay differential, and other workplace inequalities such as female representation in senior management, will change and that it is just a matter of time as more qualified women join the workforce.
      My personal view is that the wage differential may never go away but I think it will get less and less.
      There is a growing salary differential between MBAs and non-MBAs in job markets around the world as employers battle to recruit the best young business school talent.
      It required simultaneous solution of 27 differential equations to accurately predict the kinetics of transport.
      I can give you all the differential equations that will make your head spin.
      They may face differential treatment in accessing health or social services.
      The biggest issue faced by Australian retailers is differential pricing by overseas manufacturers.
      n[C] a black and white sea bird which cannot fly but uses its wings for swimming
      Penguins are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere, especially in Antarctica.
      Highly adapted for life in the water, penguins have countershaded dark and white plumage, and their wings have evolved into flippers.
      Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater.
      Every Emperor Penguin sings a unique song called a "heartsong" to attract a mate (Happy Feet).
      After escaping, he befriends a group of Adelie Penguins called "the Amigos", who embrace Mumble's dance moves and assimilate him into their group.
      A documentary crew follows the events of Cody Maverick, a 17-year-old rockhopper penguin who has wanted to be a professional surfer ever since a visit from surf legend Zeke "Big Z" Topanga several years ago (Surf's Up).
      v[T] embarrass
      His boss humiliated him in front of all his colleagues.
      Do not humiliate Howard or question his manhood.
      If someone behaves in a way that offends, harms, humiliates, or degrades you, do not put up with it.
      The Phoenix Suns were humiliated and embarrassed in Orlando on Sunday when they blew a 14-point lead in the 3rd quarter and gave up 40 points to a Magic team widely regarded as one of the least talented in the NBA.
      This is humiliating - applying for and practically begging for the 8 dollar an hour part-time job, then hearing that someone else is more suited for the job.
      n[C] a piece of jewelry you wear on your ear
      An earring is a piece of jewelry attached to the ear via a piercing in the earlobe or another external part of the ear (except in the case of clip earrings, which clip onto the lobe).
      Nice earrings.
      Those earrings look really lovely on you.
      Thank you for the beautiful earrings, they're perfect.
      Why don't you wear those earrings I got you tonight?
      She was wearing a pair of beautiful diamond earrings.
      v[T] make sth agree when they seem to conflict ¶ become friendly again after a disagreement, or make people do this
      If you reconcile two ideas, situations, or facts, you find a way in which they can both be true or successful.
      I'm sure there's some friendly way to reconcile this! Um, have a seat. First of all, we haven't been introduced, I'm Monica Geller.
      Phoebe, how can you reconcile your fur coat and/with your love of animals?
      Personally, I can't reconcile that with the Buddha's basic teachings.
      Cosmologists first offered an oscillating universe model, with no beginning or end, as a Big Bang alternative in the 1930s. The idea was abandoned because the oscillations could not be reconciled with the rules of physics.
      I've got it! I finally reconciled the black hole information paradox with my theory of string-network condensates.
      If you are reconciled with someone, you have a good relationship again with them again after a quarrel or disagreement.
      Ross never believed he and Susan would be reconciled.
      Chandler tried to reconcile Joey with Janice.
      If you reconcile someone to something, you make them able to accept a difficult or unpleasant situation.
      Chandler tried to reconcile his mother to the idea of settling down.
      If you reconcile yourself to an unpleasant situation, you accept it.
      Chandler had more or less reconciled himself to his father's sexual orientation.
      n[C] a sign of sth existing or happening ¶ an appearance of a ghost or spirit
      One early manifestation of the institution's lofty goals was the establishment in 1767 of the first American medical school to grant the M.D. degree.
       Mom thought it was a manifestation of stress from the Divorce.
      I have nothing but disgust for George W. Bush and the members of Congress who enable him. The situation in Iraq is probably the worst manifestation of their lack of humanity.
      In Hinduism, an avatar is a deliberate descent of a deity to Earth, or a descent of the Supreme Being, and is mostly translated into English as "incarnation", but more accurately as "appearance" or "manifestation".
      These latest riots are a clear manifestation of growing discontent.
      Manifestation of the disease often doesn't occur until middle age.
      n[UC] an evergreen climbing or group-creeping plant
      Ivy is a given name or surname.
      The Ivy League is a collegiate athletic conference comprising sports teams from eight private institutions of higher education in the Northeastern United States. The conference name is also commonly used to refer to those eight schools as a group. The eight institutions are Brown University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, Harvard University, Princeton University, the University of Pennsylvania, and Yale University.
      The term Ivy League has connotations of academic excellence, selectivity in admissions, and social elitism.
      Ivy League schools are viewed as some of the most prestigious, and are ranked among the best universities worldwide. All eight universities place in the top twenty of the U.S. News & World Report 2014 university rankings, including the top four schools and six of the top ten.
      Ivy Bridge is the codename for a line of processors based on the 22 nm manufacturing process developed by Intel.
      n[C] storehouse ¶ bus garage ¶ railway or bus station
      A depot is a place where large amounts of raw materials, equipment, arms, or other supplies are kept until they are needed.
      A depot is a large building or open area where buses or railway engines are kept when they are not being used.
      A depot is a bus station or railway station.
      The Home Depot is an American retailer of home improvement and construction products and services.
      Office Depot, Inc. is an office supply company. It was announced February 20, 2013, that Office Depot and OfficeMax will combine in an all-stock deal, which will create the largest U.S. office-supplies chain.
      He oversaw an Army Air Depot supply division during WWII.
      Atlanta's two principal downtown depots - Terminal Station and Union Station - were demolished in the 1970s.
      He boarded the first car that left the depot, and soon reached home.
      n[C] one of the separate parts of a container or place where things are stored ¶ one of the separate areas into which a plane, ship, or train is divided
      This is the unit for you my friend. Sturdy construction, tons of storage compartments, some big enough to fit a grown man.
      It's got compartments for all your stuff! Your wallet! Your keys! Your address book!
      The passenger stands up and gets his suitcase from the overhead compartment.
      A glove compartment or glovebox or glovie is a compartment built into the dashboard, located over the front-seat passenger's footwell in an automobile, often used for miscellaneous storage.
      A footwell is a compartment in the front of a car designed to accommodate the feet and outstretched legs of a driver or passenger.
      adj of, like, or relating to a mother ¶ related through the mother's side of the family
      Oh! Can I give out the candy? I really wanna be with the kids right now. You know, ever since I got pregnant I have the strongest maternal instincts (desire to have babies and take care of them).
      Advanced (used to talk about the age of someone who is old) maternal age, in a broad sense, is the instance of a woman being of an older age at a stage of reproduction, although there are various definitions of specific age and stage of reproduction.
      "I was not reminded when my maternal grandfather passed," said Leonard.
      They were like, "Start your maternity leave now! Just rest, get ready for the baby."
      Parental leave or family leave is an employee benefit available in almost all countries that provides paid time off work to care for a child or make arrangements for the child's welfare. The terms "parental leave" and "family leave" include maternity, paternity, and adoption leave.
      Compare these words: marital, maternal, and martial.
      n[C] a pot
      Saucepans (or just "pots") are vessels with vertical sides about the same height as their diameter, used for simmering or boiling.
      Saucepans generally have one long handle. Larger pots of the same shape generally have two handles close to the sides of the pot (so they can be lifted with both hands), and are called sauce-pots or soup pots (3-12 liters).
      Saucepans and saucepots are measured by volume (usually 1–8 l).
      Very small saucepans used for heating milk are referred to as milk pans, such saucepans usually have a lip for pouring the heated milk.
      Ironically, the saucepan is not the ideal vessel to use for making sauces.
      It is more efficient to use saucepans with sloping sides, called Windsor pans, or saucepans with rounded sides, called sauciers. These provide quicker evaporation than straight sided pans, and make it easier to stir a sauce while reducing.
      Sauté pans, used for sautéing, have a large surface area and low sides to permit steam to escape and allow the cook to toss the food. The word "sauté" comes from the French verb "sauter", meaning to jump. Sauté pans often have straight vertical sides, but may also have flared or rounded sides.