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      adj of the muscles ¶ having large, strong muscles
      He was tall, blond, and muscular.
      I'm a tall man with a finely built, muscular body, moving with the ease of perfectly coordinated reflexes.
      Also, my arm is much more muscular than it appears in this picture.
      Looking at the outside of the heart, you can see that the heart is made of muscle. The strong muscular walls contract (squeeze) to pump blood to the arteries.
      Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of muscle diseases that weaken the musculoskeletal system and hamper locomotion.
      n[C] an interstellar cloud of dust, hydrogen, helium and other ionized gases
      Nebulae are often star-forming regions, such as in the Eagle Nebula.
      This nebula is depicted in one of NASA's most famous images, the "Pillars of Creation".
      The expanding shell of gas forms a supernova remnant, a special diffuse nebula.
      The nebula is the brightest of its kind in the sky and contains several of the most massive stars in the Milky Way.
      v[IT] lay eggs ¶ make a series of things happen or start to exist
      n[U] the eggs of aquatic animals
      The salmon run is the time when salmon, which have migrated from the ocean, swim to the upper reaches of rivers where they spawn on gravel beds.
      Spawn is the eggs and sperm released or deposited, usually into water, by aquatic animals.
      Spawn in computing refers to a function that loads and executes a new child process.
      This has spawned a truly global movement, extending far beyond the US.
      I guessed that is was in fact spawned by a sudden meeting between Disney and Hasbro, but that its coming so soon after the Lucasfilm buyout indicated a need to streamline the licensing deal between the two companies rather than a second buyout.
      One of the methods that have spawned many success stories in driving traffic into websites is viral marketing.
      v[T] restrict, limit, or stop
      What kinds of scholarship are fostered or constrained by printed books and by electronic books?
      Prior to the telegraph, politics and business were constrained by geography.
      The effectiveness of physicians is also constrained in Canada because of their low use of electronic records.
      Huge sized dogs require pen which constrain them from jumping out of it.
      The evidence was so compelling that he felt constrained to accept it.
      n[C] rebellion
      The Warsaw Uprising was a major World War II operation by the Polish resistance Home Army to liberate Warsaw from Nazi Germany.
      The Uprising was timed to coincide with the Soviet Union's Red Army approaching the eastern suburbs of the city and the retreat of German forces.
      However, the Soviet advance stopped short, enabling the Germans to regroup and demolish the city while defeating the Polish resistance, which fought for 63 days with little outside support.
      The Uprising was the largest single military effort taken by any European resistance movement during World War II.
      Rebellion, uprising, or insurrection is a refusal of obedience or order.
      Throughout history, many different groups that opposed their governments have been called rebels.
      Revolt is a term that is sometimes used for a more localized rebellions rather than a general uprising.
      Mutiny is carried out by military or security forces against their commanders.
      Compare these words: coup, insurrection, mutiny, rebellion, revolt, revolution, riot, and uprising.
      n[U] sadness because sb has died ¶ clothes that people wear to show their ~
      A national day of mourning is a day marked by mourning and memorial activities observed among the majority of a country's populace.
      Flying a flag of that country and/or military flag at half-mast is a common symbol.
      The custom of wearing unadorned black clothing for mourning dates back at least to the Roman Empire.
      Women in mourning and widows wore distinctive black caps and veils, generally in a conservative version of the current fashion.
      The color of deepest mourning among medieval European queens was white.
      In India the members of the mourning family and the people who come to participate in mourning all wear white clothes.
      Compare these words: agony, anguish, condolence, grief, and mourning.
      adj not consistent, contradictory
      The report is inconsistent with the financial statements.
      It is inconsistent with the First and Fourteenth Amendments.
      Do you acknowledge that your words are inconsistent with your actions?
      I hate to be illogical, inconsistent and wrong just because the majority chooses to be wrong.
      In all, these studies produced inconsistent results.
      n[U] ≠stability
      The combination of the drought and American ethanol policy will lead in many parts of the world to widespread inflation, more hunger, less food security, slower economic growth and political instability, especially in poor countries.
      Economic instability led to declines in the peacefulness attributed to Greece, Italy, Spain, Portugal and Ireland.
      License-holders suffered from the financial instability of being unable to attract investors or make capital investments, because they never knew whether their licenses would be renewed from one year to the next.
      It is a factor in the UK's social instability, riots etc, that such a high proportion of the population are excluded from a normal life of marriage and family raising, and are lifelong renters of poky and substandard accommodation.
      They hope people with a criminal past, a history of mental instability and domestic violence will be identified to police straight away.
      The potential for further regional instability in Iraq is huge.
      The number one priority of the Turkish government is to create instability with neighboring countries for its own economic & military benefits - there is nothing more important to the Turks than war: look at their military spending.
      v[IT] say the opposite of ¶ be inconsistent with ¶ deny
      Her boss just can't bear to be contradicted.
      "Yes," said Rachel, not wanting to contradict her mother.
      However, the growth in the foreign-born shown in Figure 2 indicates relatively high immigration from 2002 to 2005, which seems to contradict the finding in Figure 3.
      His findings seem to contradict the conclusion we draw from the reviews.
      Past periods of higher CO2 do not contradict the notion that CO2 warms global temperatures.
      You contradict yourself at the end and don't really make a good concluding point.
      adj logical and well organized ¶ articulate
      The author's talent of shaping his odysseys into a coherent and thematic story beguiled and compelled me from start to finish.
      Solid facts are more than enough to form a coherent argument in favor of staying away from McDonalds.
      She's so calm when she answers questions in interviews. I wish I could be that coherent.
      If a group is coherent, its members are connected or united because they share common aims, qualities, or beliefs.
      The ISO C++ standardization is a fairly massive effort, not a small coherent group of people working to create a perfect language for "people just like themselves."
      We need to form a coherent whole.
      n[CU] an atmospheric phenomenon where dust, smoke and other dry particles obscure the clarity of the sky ¶ mental confusion or uncertainty
      also a verb
      There was a thick haze over the city's skyline for almost a week before it finally cleared out yesterday.
      I found myself talking to a man who fails to finish his sentences in a haze of apologies and fumbles for words in faltering sentences.
      Soon the stadium will be a pile of rubble shrouded in a haze of misty memories of games won and lost.
      My 8 month old cat has an eye that is hazed over like cloudy looking. Could this be like an infection?
      Suddenly CJ is hazed (bully, persecute) by other students and even threatened with serious violence.
      Compare these words: fog, daze, haze, and mist.
      n[C] a group of people who all have sth in common
      adj dependent on sth that may or may not happen
      Teachers working with a large contingent of new English learners or special-education students scored lower than when they taught more-advantaged classes of students.
      Recent debates in the XML developer community suggest that there is contingent of developers and software professionals that believes that the Semantic Web is all hype.
      Already the impress of American power has been felt in a number of places, from Afghanistan, where it toppled a government, to the Philippines, where $93 million in military and security aid, plus a contingent of advisers, is helping the government defeat a militant Islamic insurgency.
      News is reporting that the IDF is on the move and a large contingent (a group of soldiers) of forces are going into Northern Gaza.
      Mr. Raja said that as the Indian contingent (a group of people representing a country or organization at a meeting or other event) of 81 athletes entered the stadium, an official from the organizing committee, or else a security guard, asked to walk in front of them.
      John D. Rockefeller offered an $8.5 million gift to the United Nations to purchase a headquarters site in New York City, contingent on the federal government exempting the gift from federal gift taxes.
      The construction timeline is contingent on weather and drivers should plan extra travel time to accommodate for delays and detours.
      n[UC] royal person or people ¶ a payment made to the writer of a book or piece of music depending on how many books etc are sold
      Royalty and government leaders from all around the world are gathering in Paris.
      The gala evening was attended by royalty and politicians.
      I do not have the money to get treated like royalty in fancy lounges.
      J. K. Rowling earned a lot in royalties.
      When he died, he left her most of his money, his house, and his recording royalties.
      adj vulnerable or impressionable
      Children are more susceptible to infection than adults are, partly because the location of their Eustachian tube in relation to the middle ear allows easier access to bacteria from the nasal passages.
      I also have diabetes and think that makes me more susceptible.
      Officials who fell into "honey traps" would be susceptible to blackmail.
      MacKay depicts Ana convincingly as a romantically susceptible young woman who yearned to be free of the religious life.
      A China-based organization billed susceptible young women a maximum of $60,000 each for arranged weddings and citizenship with the other partners-in-crime in the Maple Country (Canada).
      If A is susceptible of B, A allows B, can undergo B, or is capable of B.
      This apparently simple formulation is in fact susceptible of three quite different interpretations, each of which brings with it its own problems.
      Working conditions are susceptible of improvement by legislation.
      v[IT] fill sth with air or gas ¶ increase ¶ exaggerate
      Sixty feet in length and thirty feet high when fully inflated with 20,000 cubic feet of hydrogen, these balloons seemed to hang from the sky around every city in Britain.
      Find great deals on eBay for air needle and inflation needle.
      Inflatable boats are a great piece of recreational equipment or they can save your life.
      An air mattress is an inflatable mattress/sleeping pad. Due to its buoyancy, it is also often used as a water toy/flotation device.
      His lifejacket had failed to inflate.
      Many countries in Asia inflate prices for foreigners, taking advantage of their lack of knowledge of local economics.
      So many jobs have grossly inflated salaries in my view which complete distorts their true value and worth to society as a whole.
      Just remember when you buy your Olympic Branded drink at a vastly inflated price the most expensive part of the product is the packaging.
      UK property market is hugely inflated but don't also expect them to fall anytime soon.
      Compare these words: deflate, inflate, and reflate.
      n[UC] objects made out of baked clay ¶ the clay, skill, or place
      Pottery is the ceramic act of making pottery wares, of which major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain.
      The place where such wares are made is also called a pottery (plural "potteries").
      Pottery also refers to the art or craft of a potter or the manufacture of pottery.
      Pottery originates during the Neolithic period.
      Firing pottery can be done using a variety of methods, with a kiln being the usual firing method.
      Glazed Stoneware was being created as early as the 15th century BC in China.
      Porcelain was first made in China during the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-906).
      Pottery Barn is an American-based home furnishing store chain with retail stores in the United States, Canada, Puerto Rico and Australia.
      n[C] a feature of many action films ¶ sth done to attract attention
      v[T] prevent (sth/sb) from growing or developing properly, inhibit
      A stunt is an unusual and difficult physical feat or an act requiring a special skill, performed for artistic purposes usually on television, theatre, or cinema.
      One of the most-frequently used practical stunts is stage combat.
      Die Hard is a typical action film with plenty of spectacular stunts.
      Tom Cruise has performed his own stunts for Mission Impossible 2, defying warnings from professionals.
      Although contact is normally avoided, many elements of stage combat, such as sword fighting, martial arts, and acrobatics required contact between performers in order to facilitate the creation of a particular effect, such as noise or physical interaction.
      A stunt performer, often referred to as a stuntman, or daredevil, is someone who performs dangerous stunts, often as a career.
      A stunt double is a type of body double, specifically a skilled replacement used for dangerous film or video sequences, in movies and television (such as jumping out of a building, jumping from vehicle to vehicle, or other similar actions), and for other sophisticated stunts (especially fight scenes).
      It was just another "Hey, look at me!" publicity stunt.
      She arranged a publicity stunt to make the public aware of her.
      Many businesses suffer from internalism and parochialism. They stunt growth, innovation and sap energy.
      Children are judged to be short or "stunted" if their height falls below the 2.3 percentile level of standard height-to-age tables.
      In developing nations as a whole, some 43 percent of children are stunted.
      adv used for emphasizing the amount or strength of sth
      Residents voted overwhelmingly in support of the plan.
      Having current and former MBA students in the same class would be an overwhelmingly positive learning environment.
      Both veterans and non-veterans are employed overwhelmingly in private for profit industries, but veterans are employed in government (local, state and federal) at a higher rate than non-veterans.
      Blacks in the US overwhelmingly voted Republican, because it was the Republican Party which liberated them from slavery.
      In 1980, this was still an overwhelmingly white country.
      v[T] love, protect and care for sb/sth that is important to you ¶ keep an idea, a hope or a pleasant feeling in your mind for a long time
      I am going to cherish the freedom that my solitude gives me.
      We are celebrating a woman who was cherished by all who were privileged to know her.
      I will cherish the moment forever.
      It was a fantastic trip and one I will cherish.
      Compare "cherish" and "treasure".
      adj without limits or end ¶ very great in amount or degree
      There is an infinite number of prime numbers.
      Digital goods are infinite and the marginal cost should go to $0.
      The prime contractor was Andersen Consulting. All code was in C++. AC, in their infinite wisdom (used to say that you do not understand why someone has decided to do something), didn't trust their developers to actually write code, so they forced them to use a tool called Design/1.
      An infinite loop (also known as an endless loop or unproductive loop) is a sequence of instructions in a computer program which loops endlessly.
      There is an almost infinite amount of research showing the positive effects that exercise has on everything from your heart to your back to your bones to your joints to your brain.
      "To infinity and beyond," said Buzz Lightyear.
      n[U] a water-carried waste, in solution or suspension, that is intended to be removed from a community
      A system of sewer pipes (sewers) collects sewage and takes it for treatment or disposal.
      Sewage and wastewater is also disposed of to rivers, streams, and the sea in many parts of the world.
      In the United States, as of 2013 about 55% of sewage solids are turned into fertilizer, despite demand from farmers who wish to buy more.
      "This street is the first street in the city to have an underground sewer system. Before that sewage and waste would just flow right down the street. Yeah, sometimes ankle deep," said Ross.
      "I ordered the '75! The '74 is sewage!" Dr. Green yelled.
      n[C] sth such as a bath or a toilet that is fixed in a house ¶ a sports match that has been arranged for a particular time and place
      The fixtures and fittings are a little dated, but i was impressed that there was a bath instead of the usual shower.
      A fixture, as a legal concept, means any physical property that is permanently attached (fixed) to real property (usually land), the removal of which would damage the real property.
      A light fixture (US English) or light fitting (UK English) is an electrical device used to create artificial light by use of an electric lamp.
      All light fixtures have a fixture body and a light socket to hold the lamp and allow for its replacement.
      I just looked at the fixture list week to week.
      Tim Raines Jr. was also a fixture (sb/sth that is firmly established and appears unlikely to leave a place or position) in the Lynx clubhouse in 2005, having spent the better part of three seasons in Ottawa after the Orioles switched affiliates.
      adj secondary
      n[C] a company that is owned by a larger company
      Indeed decisions about children were subsidiary to the question of whether the divorce would be granted.
      This diminishing status of Africa in world trade is mainly traceable to the subsidiary role carved up for Africa in the world economy by the 19th century imperialist powers of Europe.
      The Council shall set up such subsidiary bodies as may be necessary; in particular it shall establish immediately a defense committee which shall recommend measures for the implementation of Articles 3 and 5.
      Mercury Marine is a subsidiary of the Brunswick Corporation.
      OptumInsight, previously Ingenix, was a wholly owned subsidiary of UnitedHealth Group, and was sued for fraud by New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo in 2008.
      v[IT] be pressed/squeezed together or into a smaller space, or make sth do this ¶ condense
      n[C] a cloth used in medicine to control the temperature of an injury
      Compressed natural gas (CNG) (Methane stored at high pressure) can be used in place of gasoline (petrol), Diesel fuel and propane/LPG.
      In 1820, English scientist and inventor Michael Faraday discovered that compressing and liquefying ammonia could chill air when the liquefied ammonia was allowed to evaporate.
      Michael Faraday was an English scientist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry.
      In an automobile, the A/C system will use around 4 horsepower (3 kW) of the engine's power, thus increasing fuel consumption of the vehicle.
      The 1.8 liter 20-valve Turbo was now available in two additional versions, with 150 PS (110 kW; 148 bhp) or 180 PS (132 kW; 178 bhp), this one with a standard six-speed manual gearbox, while the naturally aspirated 1.6 liter inline-four engine and 2.8 liter V6 were replaced by 2.0 liter, and all-aluminum alloy 3.0 liter units, still with five valves per cylinder, the most powerful of which was capable of 220 PS (162 kW; 217 bhp) and 300 newton meters (221 lb•ft) of torque.
      DIN 66036 defines one metric horsepower as the power to raise a mass of 75 kilograms against the earth's gravitational force over a distance of one meter in one second; this is equivalent to 735.49875 W or 98.6% of an imperial mechanical horsepower.
      Dr. Hofstadter stared at Leonard, her lips compressed into a thin line.
      It is relatively easy and economical to strip the CO2 from the waste gas stream, purify and concentrate it, and then compress it into a liquid for transport by pipeline or tanker car to the storage site.
      For example, when you rip a song from an audio CD to your computer, the Player uses the Windows Media Audio codec by default to compress the song into a compact WMA file.
      It will compress it into a .7z file.
      7-Zip is an open source file archiver, or an application used to compress files. The cross-platform version of the command line utility, p7zip, is also available.
      v[I] do sth extremely well
      Why would anyone spend years training to excel in a sport such as the Ironman Triathlon - a grueling race consisting of a 2.4-mile swim, 112-mile bike ride, and a 26.2-mile run - when they aren't going to become professional athletes?
      Dickens excels at changing his style of characterization and plot to fit whatever mode he writes in.
      Mozart excelled himself in this new work
      Monica's meals are always very good, but this time she's excelled herself.
      He's not just surviving but is thriving and excelling.
      Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet application developed by Microsoft for Microsoft Windows and Mac OS. It features calculation, graphing tools, pivot tables, and a macro programming language called Visual Basic for Applications.