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      adj difficult to find, define, or achieve
      The rebel leader proved elusive.
      She managed to get an interview with that elusive man.
      For decades then, there has been a stalemate: two peoples with legitimate aspirations, each with a painful history that makes compromise elusive.
      Still other astronomers look around nearby stars for the elusive signs of directly detectable extrasolar planets.
      At the end of the Civil War, to make the elusive promise of equality a reality, the 14th Amendment to the Constitution added the command that "no State shall deprive any person of life, liberty or process of law; nor deny to any person the equal protection of the laws."
      But the most striking image is that of a young woman known as the "Mona Lisa" because of her elusive beauty and enigmatic smile.
      v[IT] hold tightly
      also a noun
      "And cut. Hey, Butt Guy, what the hell are you doing?" "I'm showering." "No, that was clenching."
      Monica is insane. It's before work, it's after work, it's during work. She's got me doing butt clenches at my desk.
      So, you want me to clench anything, Susie?
      "I need to get my clothes back!" Chandler clenched his fists.
      Interesting. Penny's jaws are clenched. No tongue access. Clearly a bad sign amongst mating humans.
      There's no denying that when many people think of cigars, images of Castro at the podium with a cigar clenched between his teeth spring to mind.
      Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill was a British politician who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
      Compare these words: clench, clutch, grip, and grit.
      v[T] force sb to leave ¶ force sth out of a container or sb's body
      The boy has a history of being expelled from school for violence, starting at age 5 when he stabbed a teacher with a pencil on the first day of kindergarten.
      Rolling Stones star Keith Richards was expelled for truancy at 15.
      Two attaches at the embassy were expelled from the country.
      In the 1970s, she trained with the MI5, Britain's secret service, at a time when more than 100 Russians were expelled from the country for spying.
      A computer fan is any fan inside, or attached to, a computer case used for active cooling, and may refer to fans that draw cooler air into the case from the outside, expel warm air from inside, or move air across a heat sink to cool a particular component.
      Compare these words: ban, banish, exile, and expel.
      adj located
      The hotel is ideally situated near the sea-front.
      The hotel is beautifully situated in a quiet spot near the river.
      Situated in the south west of Britain, Exmoor National Park contains an amazing variety of landscapes within its 267 square miles.
      This private and gated development of just 37 exclusive townhouses is situated near the centre of the village Boliqueime in the heart of the Algarve with all expected conveniences close by like restaurants, supermarket, pharmacy, banks etc.
      It isn't situated at the centre, but rather towards the edge resulting in a coin design that is less traditional and more modern.
      Conveniently situated between Sydney's central business district and Darling Harbor, this modern, intimate apartment style hotel specializes in personalized service.
      adj actual, real, important, serious ¶ considerable
      Substantive negotiations or issues deal with the most important and central aspects of a subject.
      Substantive law is the statutory, or written law, that defines rights and duties, such as crimes and punishments (in the criminal law), civil rights and responsibilities in civil law.
      Several current and former U.S. officials said the most substantive give-and-take (an exchange of ideas or statements) to date between U.S. and Taliban negotiators could happen in next week.
      Polling consistently shows most voters preferred Labor's policy stance on the substantive issues.
      Schools will be required to submit a brief annual update report explaining any substantive changes at the school (if any).
      Compare "substantial" and "substantive".
      n[C] an object with round ends and long straight sides, or things shaped like this
      For a given surface area, the cylinder with the largest volume has h = 2r, i.e. the cylinder fits snugly in a cube (height = diameter).
      A gas cylinder or tank is a pressure vessel used to store gases at above atmospheric pressure.
      Deep-sea divers carry cylinders of oxygen on their backs.
      In firearms terminology, the Cylinder refers to the cylindrical, rotating part of a revolver containing multiple cartridge chambers.
      Cylinder-head-sector, also known as CHS, was an early method for giving addresses to each physical block of data on a hard disk drive.
      A cylinder is the central working part of a reciprocating engine or pump, the space in which a piston travels.
      The VR6 engine is an internal combustion engine configuration, consisting of six cylinders. It was developed by the Volkswagen Group.
      The inline-four engine or straight-four engine is a type of internal combustion four cylinder engine with all four cylinders mounted in a straight line, or plane along the crankcase.
      Compare these words: cone, cube, cylinder, pyramid, and sphere.
      n[CU] temperament, nature ¶ inclination, tendency, willingness ¶ arrangement, placing, distribution
      This is in direct contradiction to her nervous disposition as conveyed in Episode 2.
      She has a very sociable disposition.
      Samsung has released a video showing how it tests phones like the Samsung Galaxy S3 for durability - and any smartphone fans of a sensitive disposition may want to avert their eyes.
      A bias in thinking is a disposition to underestimate or to overestimate in one particular direction.
      An addict, a phobic or a person with a disposition towards compulsive behavior will notice that there is something which escapes his control.
      On this premise, my disposition of each of these cases can be stated briefly.
      One justification for having a will is to eliminate family fighting over the disposition of assets.
      v[I] behave in a way that people think is correct or suitable ¶ obey, comply ¶ agree or match
      I try to create dynamic images that conform to traditional aesthetics while unveiling a concealed message.
      To be a twenty something gay man in Toronto in 2011 is to be free from persecution and social pressures to conform.
      It suggests humans have a natural tendency to conform to the rules and roles that make up group life and to the authorities that represent and enforce them.
      You should be careful in "value" supermarkets, because the products conform to the standards of the countries from which they are imported, which may not be as rigorous as British rules.
      Sample sizes must conform to the requirements listed in Appendix II.
      Compare these words: conform, comply, and compromise.
      n[UC] equipment or machinery
      Weaving apparatus are hand made by the weavers themselves or by others who have specialized in equipment making.
      A self contained breathing apparatus, or SCBA, sometimes referred to as a compressed air breathing apparatus (CABA), or simply breathing apparatus (BA), is a device worn by rescue workers, firefighters, and others to provide breathable air in an IDLH (immediate danger to life and health) atmosphere.
      These guidelines stated that a computer program, whether claimed as an apparatus or as a process, was unpatentable.
      A state can be distinguished from a government. The government is the particular group of people, the administrative bureaucracy, that controls the state apparatus at a given time.
      The security apparatus of the states are controlled by the federal government.
      Compare "apparatus" and "appliance".
      adj reasonable and likely to be true ¶ be good at talking in a way that sounds ~
      The only plausible explanation is that he forgot.
      They have yet to offer a plausible explanation as to why girls aged 9-12 need a vaccine for a sexually transmitted disease, much less one that only offers two years of "protection."
      Can you give me any plausible reason for why you're calling racism?
      He is always a plausible liar, especially about his own and his family's achievements.
      Compare these words: acceptable, believable, credible, and implausible.
      n[C] pill or slab
      So I took a couple of headache tablets and had a nap for a couple of hours and it went away.
      Miller came across Monroe collapsed in a chair from an overdose of sleeping tablets and called the emergency services.
      Vitamin tablets etc can help supplement your diet.
      His female companion reaches over and hands him his indigestion tablets.
      It is vital that ORS and water purification tablets are distributed to every household in Haiti.
      A tablet computer, or simply tablet, is a mobile computer with display, circuitry and battery in a single unit.
      Microsoft Tablet PC is a term coined by Microsoft for tablet computers conforming to a set of specifications announced in 2001 by Microsoft.
      The Samsung Galaxy Tab is a line of upper mid-range Android-based tablet computers produced by Samsung.
      A graphics tablet or digitizer is a computer input device that enables a user to hand-draw images, animations and graphics, similar to the way a person draws images with a pencil and paper.
      In the Ancient Near East, clay tablets were used as a writing medium.
      Steles (Chinese: béi 碑) have been the major medium of stone inscription in China since the Tang dynasty.
      v[IT] push, pull, lift, or throw sth using great effort ¶ move up and down with strong regular movements ¶ throw up
      also a noun
      With a great sigh, Leonard heaved himself out of the couch and shuffled away.
      "Why doesn't my mother love me?" he heaved another sigh.
      When he arrived at the sea it was dark gray, and the water heaved up and down and had a foul smell.
      The image made him heave.
      His stomach heaved.
      The gang heaved the time machine prop up the stairs.
      Tom heaved a pebble through the window.
      Oh, and on page two, he's not 'reaching for her heaving beasts'.
      You usually find niffles (nipples) on heaving beasts (breasts).
      A draft horse (US), draught horse (UK) or dray horse (from the Old English dragan meaning to draw or haul), less often called a work horse, heavy horse, or heaving beast (kidding), is a large horse bred for hard heavy tasks such as plowing and farm labor.
      A Mongolian gazelle died due to drought.
      Chandler gave a great heave and fat Monica inched forward.
      If a place is heaving or if it is heaving with people, it is full of people.
      If something heaves in sight or heaves into view, it appears, especially by getting closer from a distance.
      If a ship heaves to, it stops moving. The past tense and past participle is hove to.
      n[C] a narrow channel
      A strait is a naturally formed, narrow, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water.
      The terms channel, pass or passage, can be synonymous and used interchangeably with strait, although each is sometimes differentiated with varying senses.
      The Strait of Hormuz is a strait between the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. At its narrowest, the strait is 21 nautical miles (39 km) wide.
      The English Channel, often referred to simply as the Channel, is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean that separates southern England from northern France, and joins the North Sea to the Atlantic.
      It is about 560 km long and varies in width from 240 km at its widest to 34 km in the Strait of Dover.
      If someone is in dire or desperate straits, they are in a very difficult situation.
      In 2012, as a result of the global financial crisis, Britain is in dire financial straits.
      Numerous artificial channels, called canals, have been constructed to connect two bodies of water over land, such as the Suez Canal.
      If something is not crooked or curved, it's straight.
      v[IT] make a sudden quick movement ¶ jerk
      also a noun
      She twitched the corner of the rug to straighten it.
      Asleep she was not unlovely, but the mouth twitched and the body was shaken with shivers, and there was no peace in her at all.
      He fidgeted nervously, twitched his fingers, tilted his head, and stared at the ground unblinkingly.
      She paused a moment, absently twisting the strings of her bonnet, then twitched it from her head.
      Twitch gameplay is a type of video gameplay scenario that tests a player's reaction time. Action games such as first-person shooters often contain elements of twitch gameplay. For example, Quake III Arena requires quick reaction times for the players to shoot enemies.
      Compare these words: contraction, spasm and twitch.
      adj able to exist or be used together ¶ having a good relationship because of being similar
      The most recent Google Chrome update is not compatible with Adobe AIR.
      This result is compatible with the experimental studies.
      Emily and Ross separated because they were not compatible.
      These two are not compatible with each other.
      I bought these Star Wars sheets. But They turned out to be much too stimulating to be compatible with a good night's sleep. I don't like the way Darth Vader stares at me.
      Think about it, Sheldon. I'm not a stranger, we're intellectually compatible, I'm willing to chauffeur you around town, and your personality quirks, which others find abhorrent or rage-inducing, I find cute as a button. What do you think?
      adj happening before the normal or expected time ¶ hasty
      Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) remains a major cause of heart disease and premature death in large parts of the world.
      Mary could for instance have answered "Where have you been lately?" with 'None of your business', provoking a different reaction from John and a premature closing of the conversation.
      Premature birth is defined either as the same as preterm birth (the birth of a baby of less than 37 weeks gestational age), or the birth of a baby before the developing organs are mature enough to allow normal postnatal survival.
      There are several famous people who were born premature. Here's a quick list of famous preemies: Albert Einstein, Charles Darwin, Isaac Newton, Mark Twain, Sir Winston Churchill, and Victor Hugo.
      The baby was born five weeks premature, both mother and child were said to be doing well.
      I was not satisfied with my premature conclusion, so I did a little research to find out how others interpreted it.
      This premature decision no doubt contributed to the deaths that continued to occur in both the winters of 1847-48 and 1848-49.
      v[I] consider doing sth, but not be very serious about it ¶ do sth that is dangerous or could cause problems ¶ behave in a romantic or suggestive way towards sb
      n[C] sb who ~
      They flirted with the idea of putting it to a referendum at the next federal election.
      They are flirting with danger and putting other people's lives at risk in the process.
      Flirting with Disaster is a 1996 American comedy film.
      Ross's totally flirting with Rachel too.
      You got a pedicure, your feet are all dressed up, you're gonna do some feet flirting!
      It was totally flirting. "Somebody got a haircut."
      Chandler was totally flirting with the hot delivery girl!
      Monica flirts with guys all the time.
      Ross was never very good at the flirting thing.
      Nina beamed flirtatiously at Chandler.
      Yo, flirty boys, we are in the middle of the game.
      I may sound jealous but he would be electrified if he came across a beautiful woman. He was a terrible flirt (someone who flirts a lot) even in my presence.
      n[UC] a colored substance that women put on their lips, or a small tube containing ~
      Lipstick is a cosmetic product containing pigments, oils, waxes, and emollients that apply color, texture, and protection to the lips.
      As with most other types of makeup, lipstick is typically, but not exclusively, worn by women.
      Ichiban, Lipstick For Men. Saikyo (ultimate, the strongest, best).
      The use of lipstick dates back to ancient times.
      The phrase "lipstick on his collar" is a euphemism to describe a man who is cheating on his partner.
      The phrase "lipstick on a pig" is a euphemism for unsuccessfully attempting to make attractive something (or some idea) that is inherently unattractive.
      Why is there a half-drunk cappuccino with lipstick on the rim?
      How to apply lipstick that is smudge-proof?
      Lip balm or lip salve is a wax-like substance applied topically to the lips of the mouth to moisturize and relieve chapped or dry lips.
      v[IT] be quiet or make sb do this
      n[Us] a period of silence
      Soft kitty, warm kitty, little ball of fur. Happy kitty, sleepy kitty, purr, purr, purr. Now hush, try to get to sleep.
      Penny hushed Sheldon to sleep.
      The news concerning the 9/11 Chantilly aircraft crashing simulation was hushed up (covered up).
      When Cinderella entered the ballroom at the palace, a hush fell.
      A bit of hush, if you please.
      Hush money is a slang term for a form of bribery, in which one person or party offers another an attractive sum of money or other enticement, in exchange for remaining silent about some illegal, stigmatic, or shameful behavior, action, or other fact about the person or party who has made the offer.
      Compare these words: hush, shush, and shh.
      n[U] end or death
      To avoid what seemed to be an imminent demise, NATO began looking for new roles to play in world affairs.
      So many innocent people are suffering the demise of a few greedy corporations.
      It will be discovered that the swaps market has little or no collateral and as a result Goldman Sachs, Citigroup, JP Morgan Chase and Bank of America will meet their demise.
      The 96-mile wall came to a swift demise on November 9, 1989, when East German residents toppled the wall.
      He was extremely unpopular at the time of his demise.
      The movie basically is a fictional presentation of political happenings in Ghana before the untimely (premature) demise of former president.
      v[T] save things from an accident ¶ try to make a bad situation better
      also a noun
      Chandler and Rachel are on their knees with forks trying to salvage what they can of the cheesecake off the floor.
      "We actually managed to salvage the day," said Ross.
      She had to make great efforts to salvage her reputation.
      If you salvage your pride, you remain proud by achieving something despite many failures.
      Zeng Guofan raised the Xiang Army, salvaged his pride, fought against the Taiping Rebellion and restored the stability of Qing Dynasty along with other prominent figures, setting the scene for the era later known as the "Tongzhi Restoration".
      Compare these words: salvage, salvation, and savage.
      They mounted a massive salvage operation after the crash.
      The investigators studied flight recorders salvaged from the wreckage.
      adj without the power to feel or move
      v[T] make sb ~
      Anastasia's legs were numb from kneeling.
      The extreme cold numbed her face and hands.
      My hands are numb with the cold.
      Carol was numb with disbelief.
      She was numbed by the shock that Susan was not a lesbian.
      "Lola is mind-numbingly stupid," said Phoebe.
      Howard thinks that too much of Bernadette would be mind-numbingly tedious.
      n[U] the science comprising the study of solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change
      Geology can also refer generally to the study of the solid features of any celestial body (such as the geology of the Moon or Mars).
      There was this one kid who had a sticker on his backpack that said "Geology rocks".
      With a graduate degree in geology, he said his studies have convinced him that global warming is not happening.
      A geologist is a scientist who studies geology.
      Looks like we have some academic dignitaries in the audience. Dr. Randall from the geology department, only man who's happy when they take his work for granite.
      If your friends are unconvincing, this year's donations might go to, say, the geology department.
      No. The vibration. We are directly underneath the geology lab, and they're running their confounded sieve shakers again. Hey, gravel monkeys, if you need to shake rocks, try jiggling your heads around!
      Oh. Okay. Sheldon, I, I've gotta ask, how did you figure out that it was the geology lab?
      v[T] get back, recover ¶ recycle
      Woodland owners can register for VAT (value added tax) and reclaim the tax on expenditure.
      I'm calculating how much tax I can reclaim.
      The absent professor reclaimed his suitcase from the left luggage office and left his umbrella there.
      "I want to reclaim the championship that I lost," said Lin Dan.
      When people reclaim land, they make an area of desert, wet land etc suitable for farming or building.
      Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a landfill), is the process of creating new land from ocean, riverbeds, or lake.
      The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or land fill.
      Much of the urbanized area adjacent to San Francisco Bay, including most of San Francisco's waterfront and Financial District, the Port of Oakland, and large portions of the city of Alameda has been reclaimed from the bay.
      Hong Kong International Airport, and its predecessor, Kai Tak Airport, were all built on reclaimed land.
      Not only do these windows have to pass a demanding set of quality control standards, they are also made from 28 percent reclaimed glass.
      adj brave, courageous ¶ new or unusual, bold
      n[U] courage and the willingness to take risks
      My impression is that he's not a daring person.
      It was certainly a daring attempt to rob the armored van.
      Lacking the resources for a second front, Churchill encouraged innovative and daring new methods of combat.
      This is a fantastic and rather daring film given the subject matter and the time it was made.
      She was wearing a pretty daring skirt that only just covered her bottom.
      With great daring, she then began to do something she had never done before.