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      v[T] introduce a new public official or leader at a special ceremony ¶ open a building or start an organization, event etc for the first time ¶ be the beginning of, introduce
      The city library was inaugurated by the mayor.
      Since Barack Obama was inaugurated President just over eight months ago, some 17,500 Canadians have come to the U.S. to receive health care.
      President Washington was inaugurated (Apr. 30, 1789) at Federal Hall.
      He hopes to inaugurate a new, more democratic era in the country's politics.
      It was inaugurated by UN secretary-general Ban Ki-moon on 16 June 2008.
      The end of the Cold War inaugurated a period whereby the economic agenda became of prime importance in states' interactions with each other.
      adj having more than one possible meaning ¶ not clear, vague
      Nostradamus' indication of the 7th month of the disaster was ambiguous because no one knew which calendar he was using.
      The translation is just "hard work", whose subject (doer) is ambiguous.
      Also spell ambiguous words as you may mean 'Maine Street' and the typist may type 'Main Street'.
      "Any" may be ambiguous because it is capable in some contexts of carrying the same meaning as "every".
      If Penny didn't know that Leslie had turned me down, then it would unambiguously mean that she, Penny, thought I should ask her, Leslie, out indicating that she, Penny, had no interest in me asking her, Penny, out. But, because she did know that I had asked Leslie out and that she, Leslie, had turned me down, then she, Penny, could be offering consolation. "That's too bad, you would've made a cute couple..." but while thinking:"Good, Leonard remains available."
      Yeah hold on, bimonthly is an ambiguous term. Do you mean move it every other month or twice a month?
      n[U] waste liquid that comes out of the body
      Urine is a liquid by-product of the body secreted by the kidneys through a process called urination and excreted through the urethra.
      The urinary bladder is the organ that collects urine excreted by the kidneys before disposal by urination.
      A part of a urinalysis can be performed by using urine test strips, in which the test results can be read as color changes. Another method is light microscopy of urine samples.
      Sometimes the need to pass urine wakes me at night.
      Urban myth states that urine works well against jellyfish stings, and this scenario was demonstrated on a Season 4 episode of the NBC-TV show Friends called "The One With the Jellyfish". However, at best it is ineffective, and in some cases this treatment may make the injury worse.
      The US Army Field Manual advises against drinking urine for survival. These guides explain that drinking urine tends to worsen, rather than relieve dehydration due to the salts in it, and that urine should not be consumed in a survival situation, even when there is no other fluid available.
      After the first German chlorine gas attacks, Allied troops were supplied with masks of cotton pads that had been soaked in urine. It was believed that the ammonia in the pad neutralized the chlorine.
      The Vickers machine gun, used by the British Army during World War 1, required water for cooling when fired so soldiers would resort to urine if water was unavailable.
      n[C] a boxing or wrestling match ¶ a short period when you are sick or depressed ¶ a short period of great activity
      On 6 January 1681, the first recorded boxing match took place in Britain when Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle engineered a bout between his butler and his butcher with the latter winning the prize.
      Early-2006, during a bout of depression, a young lady by the name of Crystal Nunn wrote a desperate letter to Stephen Fry.
      I'm just having a serious bout of flu.
      Normally I would have already started saving up, but a bout of unemployment this summer kept me from being able to.
      The report produced a bout of national alarm on par with Sputnik, and it similarly resulted in spurring greater federal involvement.
      Compare these words: bout, pout, and tout.
      adj excellent, outstanding
      The duck in particular was superb.
      On a different note, the service was great, and the view was superb.
      She produced a superb performance at the 1984 Games as her phenomenal throw of 69.56m proved to be unsurpassed, as she secured her name into the record books.
      Both Nexus 4 and Galaxy S3 come with 8MP rear cameras for taking video at 1080p and images at superb quality.
      "Here. What about this one for my nephew?" "A superb choice."
      v[T] join metals etc by melting the joint ¶ unite people or things
      also a noun
      Many different energy sources can be used for welding, including a gas flame, an electric arc, a laser, an electron beam, friction, and ultrasound.
      Until the end of the 19th century, the only welding process was forge welding, which blacksmiths had used for centuries to join iron and steel by heating and hammering
      Robot welding is commonplace in industrial settings, and researchers continue to develop new welding methods and gain greater understanding of weld quality.
      Glass welding is a common practice during glassblowing. It is used very often in the construction of lighting, neon signs, flashtubes, scientific equipment, and the manufacture of dishes and other glassware.
      He welded a country and a national identity from over 120 ethnic groups, united by their language Swahili and by a social harmony constructed on the ideals of peace, justice, unity and personal commitment.
      Solder is a fusible metal alloy used to join together metal workpieces and having a melting point below that of the workpieces.
      In high-temperature metal joining processes (welding, brazing and soldering), the primary purpose of flux is to prevent oxidation of the base and filler materials.
      Compare these words: forge, fuse, solder, and weld.
      n[C] a large plant that is smaller than a tree and that has multiple stems
      A shrub is distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and shorter height, usually under 6 m tall.
      Plants of many species may grow either into shrubs or trees, depending on their growing conditions.
      Small, low shrubs, generally less than 2 m tall, such as lavender, periwinkle and most small garden varieties of roses, are often termed subshrubs or bushes.
      An area of cultivated shrubs in a park or a garden is known as a shrubbery.
      In botany and ecology, a shrub is more specifically used to describe the particular physical structural or plant life-form of woody plants which are less than 8 meters (26 ft) high and usually have many stems arising at or near the base.
      n[C] sb walking in the street
      adj relating to or used by ~ ¶ ordinary and boring
      A pedestrian crossing or crosswalk is a place designated for pedestrians to cross a road.
      Sites with extremely high traffic, or roads where pedestrians are not allowed (freeways or motorways) may instead be crossed via pedestrian bridges or tunnels.
      A variation on the bridge concept, often called a skyway or skywalk, is sometimes implemented in regions that experience inclement weather.
      Pedestrian zones (also known as auto-free zones and car-free zones, and as pedestrian precincts in British English) are areas of a city or town reserved for pedestrian-only use and in which some or all automobile traffic may be prohibited.
      A pedestrian scramble, also known as an 'X' Crossing (UK), diagonal crossing (US), scramble intersection (Canada), and, more poetically, a Barnes Dance, is a pedestrian crossing system that stops all vehicular traffic and allows pedestrians to cross an intersection in every direction, including diagonally, at the same time.
      Thanks to the U.S. Pedestrian Safety Act of 2010, by this summer the National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration is required to initiate a rule-making process for minimal vehicle noise -- not how quiet, but how loud a car must be.
      For six years he has lived a very pedestrian life struggling and working hard.
      Compare these words: cyclist, equestrian, motorist, and pedestrian.
      adj relating to herders, animal husbandry, or life in the countryside ¶ relating to the work of a priest or teacher in giving help and advice on personal matters
      Growing pressure for pastoral land to graze cattle and sheep finally brought Surveyor General Thomas Mitchell overland from Sydney in the north to Port Phillip Bay in 1836.
      Karamoja region in northern Uganda is one of pastoral communities and closely dispersed ethnic groups that rely on livestock for their livelihood.
      A pastoral lifestyle (see pastoralism) is that of shepherds herding livestock around open areas of land according to seasons and the changing availability of water and pasturage.
      Pastoral literature continued after Hesiod with the poetry of the Hellenistic Greek Theocritus, several of whose Idylls are set in the countryside and involve dialogues between herdsmen.
      American Idol is an American singing competition.
      Beethoven's 6th Symphony is known as the "Pastoral Symphony".
      A pastoral dog is any individual dog of any breed or type used for mustering, guarding or otherwise managing livestock.
      A shepherd dog (also known as sheep dog or sheepdog) is a type of working dog used by shepherds to herd and/or protect their flocks.
      Pastoral care is an ancient model of emotional and spiritual support that can be found in many cultures and traditions.
      It has been described in our modern context as individual and corporate patience in which trained pastoral carers support people in their pain, loss and anxiety, and their triumphs, joys and victories.
      A Pastoral letter, often called simply a pastoral, is an open letter addressed by a bishop to the clergy or laity of his diocese, or to both, containing either general admonition, instruction or consolation, or directions for behavior in particular circumstances.
      Compare these words: grassland, lawn, meadow, pasture, and prairie.
      adj refusing to give up or be less strict or severe ¶ endless
      The industry is relentless at weeding out the weak.
      Virtue and character are achieved gradually and must be maintained through a relentless struggle for self-improvement.
      The president also said the United States will be relentless in defending itself against terrorism.
      Check out my new book "Mad Like Tesla: Underdog Inventors and Their Relentless Pursuit of Clean Energy", published by ECW Press.
      If you relent, you allow someone to do something that you had previously refused to allow them to do.
      If rain or snow relents, it stops being so severe.
      Compare "relentless" and "ruthless".
      v[T] suddenly let a powerful force, feeling, activity etc have an effect
      By dangling federal public-education grants, Obama unleashed a wave of public-school reform, over the objections of the most recalcitrant elements of the teachers union movement.
      I am sure you can find some other venues to unleash the animal within you. I suggest joining the Taliban to make full use of this malicious intent.
      In August 2005, winds and floodwaters unleashed by Hurricane Katrina and shoddy infrastructure destroyed more than 204,000 homes in New Orleans.
      When society's elite refuses to grant him the help he requires, he takes matters into his own hands and unwittingly unleashes a demon in the form of Edward Hyde.
      A leash (also called a lead, lead line or tether) is a rope or similar material attached to the neck or head of an animal for restraint or control.
      n[C] a small building that has not been built very well
      v[I] live with another person as sexual partners without being married
      A shack is a type of small, often primitive shelter or dwelling.
      It is possible that up to a billion people worldwide live in shacks.
      Shack settlements are also sometimes known as slums or shanty towns.
      The guard emerged from his little shack.
      You think of low income, you think of a tiny shack house with somebody who's got no amenities.
      "Oh, my little sister and my best friend shacking up. Oh, that's great," said Ross.
      Penny had shacked up with Leonard.
      Compare these words: bungalow, cabin, hut, shack, shanty, and shed.
      adj odd, peculiar, strange, unusual
      also a noun
      Cavendish was taciturn and solitary and regarded by many as eccentric.
      Van Gogh's eccentric behavior increased as his contempt for middle-class proprieties soon alienated all who tried to help him.
      He began wearing ragged, unwashed clothing, did not respond to acquaintances on the street, and lived an isolated existence.
      They suffer/enjoy all the events that occur: estranged relatives, the "black sheep" of the family, the eccentrics, the skeletons in the closet, and the rebellious teenagers.
      In mechanical engineering, an eccentric is a circular disk (eccentric sheave) solidly fixed to a rotating axle with its centre offset from that of the axle (hence the word "eccentric", out of the centre).
      Compare these words: eccentric, eclectic, ecliptic, and eclipse.
      Compare these words: crackpot, eccentric, freak, geek, nerd, nut, and weirdo.
      n[U] the quality of being simple
      I prefer the simplicity of Evernote, however, and once an article is complete I simply copy and paste it into the ZDNet editor in Safari.
      For Managed Service Providers (MSP), the simplicity and high utilization means faster time to revenue and improved profitability.
      Ivan's strategy was brilliant in its simplicity.
      For simplicity, we will use the term accident to mean all of the above events.
      The whole package is well built, looks cool in black, and is simplicity itself (very easy) to set up.
      n[C] chief character in a play, film, or story ¶ an important supporter of an idea etc
      The Time Traveler is the protagonist of the story, and he takes over the narration from Chapter III until Chapter XII.
      Given to reading books of chivalry, the protagonist Don Quijote, influenced by the exploits of his heroes, loses his mind and decides to become a knight, go out in search of adventure, and impose justice according to the code of the knights errant.
      Dr. Henry "Indiana" Jones, Jr. (also known as Indy), is a fictional professor, archaeologist, and adventurer - the main protagonist of the 1981 adventure film Raiders of the Lost Ark (later retitled Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark).
      Compare these words: bully, hero, protagonist, and villain.
      Rock 'n' roll was born, with Elvis Presley one of the main protagonists.
      Compare these words: advocate, opponent, protagonist, and proponent.
      n[C] a short performance by an actor, musician, dancer etc that sb watches to judge if they are good enough to act in a play etc
      also a verb
      Joey goes on three auditions a month and he calls himself an actor.
      My agent just called me with an audition for Days of Our Lives!
      Oh, by the way, tomorrow we're auditioning for a Broadway show.
      Remember when I auditioned for that workshop production of Rent, but I didn't get it and I couldn't figure out why?
      Today I had an audition. It took me two hours to get there. I waited an hour for my turn. And before I could even start, they told me I look too Midwest for the part.
      We auditioned over a hundred actors for the part.
      We auditioned more than 200 actresses before deciding on Susan Bunch.
      v[T] fill a place with too many things, so that it is untidy
      n[sU] junk
      You just had to have the latest iPhone and a cool new 3D TV. But now your basement is cluttered with a bunch of outdated electronics.
      Paraphrase and summary are indispensable tools in essay writing because they allow you to include other people's ideas without cluttering up your essay with quotations.
      I love waking to a clean and clutter free room.
      Once again, sorry for the clutter.
      Compare these words: clutter, litter, and scatter.
      v[IT] throw up
      n[U] food etc that has been thrown up
      Vomiting is the involuntary, forceful expulsion of the contents of one's stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose.
      Vomiting is different from regurgitation, although the two terms are often used interchangeably. Regurgitation is the return of undigested food back to the mouth, without the force and displeasure associated with vomiting.
      Vomiting can be dangerous if the gastric content enters the respiratory tract.
      Under normal circumstances the gag reflex and coughing prevent this from occurring, however these protective reflexes are compromised in persons under the influences of certain substances such as alcohol or anesthesia.
      The individual may choke and suffocate or suffer an aspiration pneumonia.
      The ancient Romans used a stick with a feather on the end to tickle their tonsils and vomited into a bowl. When their stomach was empty they went back to the feast and ate more.
      I know this isn't the kind of Thanksgiving that all of you all planned, but for me, this has been really great, you know, I think because it didn't involve divorce or projectile vomiting.
      Well, maybe it was the kind of food that tasted good at first but then made everybody vomit and have diarrhea.
      On the way over here, I saw this drunk guy throw up. And then a pigeon ate the vomit!
      If you are vomiting blood, go to hospital.
      Nausea is a sensation of unease and discomfort in the upper stomach with an involuntary urge to vomit.
      Compare these words: choke, gag, hurl, puke, retch, sick, and vomit.
      I knew I was really in trouble when I began vomiting blood.
      adj not stable
      Even if an unstable load doesn't cause an accident, they can regularly create a major inconvenience, waste time and take longer to unload when the vehicle arrives at its destination.
      Is sodium stable or unstable?
      Americans continued to see Japan as paradoxical, alien, unpredictable and unstable.
      The mother lost custody because she was found mentally unstable.
      Any society that has extreme class divisions in development is inherently unstable.
      n[U] the quality of being faithful or loyal ¶ the quality of being accurate
      Where couples are supposed to be bound by the vows of marital fidelity, infidelities and other indiscretions that rubbish the very foundation of marriage are now common-place.
      In order to restore the Germanic Church to its fidelity to Rome and to convert the pagans, he had been guided by two principles.
      FMR LLC (Fidelity Management and Research) or Fidelity Investments is an American multinational financial services corporation. Fidelity Ventures is its venture capital arm.
      High fidelity, hi-fi, or hifi-reproduction is a term used by home stereo listeners and home audio enthusiasts to refer to high-quality reproduction of sound.
      Compare these words: faithfulness, fidelity, and loyalty.
      adj from an plane or taking place in the air
      n[C] antenna
      Look at the aerial view of the Siachen glacier, which traverses the Himalayan region dividing India and Pakistan.
      Now they have shifted the emphasis from aerial bombardment to helicopter operations as well as low-flight operations over Libya, which would of course be supportive of boots on the ground.
      Unmanned Aerial Vehicles are planes with no passenger, programmed or controlled from a distance to do reconnaissance, and possibly execute pre-programmed missions.
      He laid out these aerial photographs from Christmas Day 1943.
      A similar phenomenon occurs in aerial combat.
      An antenna (or aerial) is an electrical device which converts electric power into radio waves, and vice versa.
      n[C] a certain area of the celestial sphere ¶ a group of people or things that are similar
      The current list of 88 constellations recognized by the International Astronomical Union since 1922 is based on the 48 listed by Ptolemy in his Almagest in the 2nd century.
      Beidou is a Chinese constellation equivalent to Big Dipper in other cultures.
      The Big Dipper, also known as the Plough, is an asterism of seven stars that has been recognized as a distinct grouping in many cultures from time immemorial. The component stars are the seven brightest of the formal constellation Ursa Major.
      Compare these words: constellation, horoscope, and zodiac.
      Taurus is one of the constellations of the zodiac, which means it is crossed by the plane of the ecliptic. Its name is a Latin word meaning "bull", and its astrological symbol is a stylized bull's head: (Unicode ♉).
      She was a unique constellation of attributes; she was my Halley's Comet.
      v[IT] end
      Rachel had to make one of the most difficult decisions in her life: keep the baby or terminate the pregnancy.
      A third project will see Gasol utilize the West African Gas Pipeline (WAGP), which runs from Nigeria in the east, via Benin and Togo, and terminates in Ghana.
      The so-called joint light tactical vehicle, or JLTV, has seen its budget slashed and may soon be terminated.
      If hacked it is very likely your account to become a hacker target and hackers to start running scanners or other kind of bots, which might result of terminating your account.
      The Terminator series is a science fiction franchise encompassing a series of films and additional media concerning battles between Skynet's artificially intelligent machine network, and John Connor's Resistance forces and the rest of the human race.
      Eraser is a 1996 American action film directed by Chuck Russell, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger.
      adj kind and gentle, charitable ¶ ≠malignant
      On the tapes I sound mellow and benign, or some might say fat, dumb, and happy.
      Benign neglect was a policy proposed in 1969 by Daniel Patrick Moynihan, who was at the time on Nixon's White House Staff as an urban affairs adviser.
      While serving in this capacity, he sent the President a memo suggesting, "The time may have come when the issue of race could benefit from a period of 'benign neglect.' The subject has been too much talked about. The forum has been too much taken over to hysterics, paranoids, and boodlers on all sides. We need a period in which Negro progress continues and racial rhetoric fades."
      Ross, you thing wasn't cancer, only a benign tumor.
      Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), also called benign enlargement of the prostate (BEP) and benign prostatic hypertrophy, is a benign increase in size of the prostate.
      Compare "prostate" and "prostitute".
      n[C] sb who audits accounts
      The general definition of an audit is a planned and documented activity performed by qualified personnel to determine by investigation, examination, or evaluation of objective evidence, the adequacy and compliance with established procedures, or applicable documents, and the effectiveness of implementation.
      In any auditing the auditor perceives and recognizes the propositions before him for examination, collects evidence, evaluates the same and on this basis formulates his judgment which is communicated through his audit report.
      An audit must adhere to generally accepted standards established by governing bodies. These standards assure third parties or external users that they can rely upon the auditor's opinion on the fairness of financial statements, or other subjects on which the auditor expresses an opinion.
      In US audits of publicly traded companies are governed by rules laid down by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB), which was established by Section 404 of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002. Such an audit is called an integrated audit, where auditors, in addition to an opinion on the financial statements, must also express an opinion on the effectiveness of a company's internal control over financial reporting, in accordance with PCAOB Auditing Standard No. 5.