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      pup`pet
      'pʌpit
      n[C] a small model of a person or animal that you move by pulling strings, or by putting your hand inside it ¶ a person or group whose actions are controlled by another
      -
      We took the children to a puppet show.
      Bert and Ernie are two Muppet characters who are major protagonists on the popular U.S. children's TV show Sesame Street that appear together in numerous skits.
      Bert is a hand-rod puppet, which means that while the puppeteer's right arm is inserted into Bert's head to control the mouth, the puppeteer's left hand uses rods to control the arms of the puppet.
      Ernie is a "live-hand puppet", meaning that while operating the head of the puppet with his right hand, the puppeteer inserts his left hand into a T-shaped sleeve, capped off with a glove that matches the fabric "skin" of the puppet, thus "becoming" the left arm of the puppet. A second puppeteer usually provides the right arm.
      A puppet state (also known as puppet government or marionette government) is a state effectively controlled by a foreign power.
      On 7 September 1944, following the Allied invasion of France, the remainders of the Vichy government cabinet fled to Germany and established a puppet government in exile at Sigmaringen. Could they be more shameless?
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      net`work`ing
      'netwə:kiŋ
      n[U] trying to meet and talk to other people who may be useful to you in your work ¶ the activity of connecting computers in a network
      -
      Through some networking, Michael contacted Arthur Rashkovan, Israel's premier surfer and organizer of Surfing for Peace.
      Some networking knowledge is essential for all of us now, especially when we're just starting up in the business.
      Today, I do some networking, but I'll never cold call (make a visit or telephone call to a prospective customer without an appointment or a previous introduction).
      Networking hardware may also be known as network equipment, computer networking devices.
      Units which are the last receiver or generate data are called hosts or data terminal equipment.
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      re`cede
      ri'si:d
      v[I] gradually move away ¶ become gradually weaker, smaller, or less intense
      -
      The dots in the left picture appear concave, receding into the surface away from the observer, while those on the right side appear convex, curved towards the observer.
      If water recedes, it moves back from an area that it was covering.
      Floodwaters recede and rescue workers reach homes buried in mud, but Tropical Storm Jeanne has killed more than 700 Haitians and left a quarter million homeless.
      If your hair recedes, you gradually lose the hair at the front of your head.
      Mr. Ge You was in his mid-forties, with a receding hairline.
      A receding chin is a chin that slopes backwards.
      If a memory, feeling, or possibility recedes, it gradually goes away.
      The pain had receded a little.
      "The painful memories will never recede in my mind," thought Rachel.
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      crack`er
      'krækə
      n[C] thin dry biscuit ¶ small firework ¶ hacker ¶ sth that is very good or funny ¶ attractive woman
      -
      Crackers are usually flat, crisp, small in size and made in various shapes, commonly round or square.
      Flavorings or seasonings, such as salt, herbs, seeds, and/or cheese, may be added to the dough or sprinkled on top before baking.
      Crackers are often branded as a nutritious and convenient way to consume a staple food or cereal grain.
      Ritz Crackers are a brand of snack cracker introduced by Nabisco in 1934.
      A saltine or soda cracker is a thin, usually square cracker made from white flour, shortening, yeast, and baking soda, with most varieties lightly sprinkled with coarse salt.
      The original graham cracker was made with graham flour, a combination of finely-ground unbleached-wheat flour with the wheat bran and germ coarsely-ground and added back in providing flavor.
      A Christmas cracker consists of a cardboard tube wrapped in a brightly decorated twist of paper. The cracker is pulled by two people in the manner of a wishbone. The split is accompanied by a mild bang or snapping sound.
      Firecrackers, along with fireworks, originated in China.
      A cracker exploits weaknesses in a computer or network, uses password cracking to recover passwords, or uses software cracking to modify a program.
      Transformers is an interesting case for me. I grew up on the animated series. The first one is a cracker of a film.
      J. K. Rowling has written seven books and every one a cracker.
      My little darling is a firecracker, when she makes love she's a heart attacker.
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      en`er`get`ic
      enə'dʒetik
      adj having or needing a lot of energy or determination
      -
      Those policies have placed the federal government in the driver's seat, rather than relying on energetic and entrepreneurial Americans to rebuild the economy from the ground up.
      I am confident, optimistic, and energetic.
      I usually work out inside and I feel energetic in the morning.
      You will lose weight faster and feel more energetic as a result of strength training.
      With an energetic performance, both cemented themselves as two of the best performers for the night.
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      mor`tal
      'mɔ:tl
      adj not able to live for ever ¶ causing death, fatal, lethal ¶ lasting until death, deadly ¶ extreme or intense
      n[C] ordinary people, human
      -
      All men are mortal, Socrates is a man, therefore Socrates is mortal.
      Yours the glory, General Kim, we mortal men walk humbly in the umbra of your great light.
      The "Immortals" was the name given by Herodotus to an elite force of soldiers who fought for the Achaemenid Empire. In the 1962 film The 300 Spartans the Immortals carry a spear and wicker shields like the actual Immortals.
      This was a mortal blow to Mary Tudor who said the famous words "If my heart was opened the name of Calais would be found written on it".
      I was a moron. I put my best friends in mortal danger.
      Her shirt was bloody from breast to hip. Tallia tore the shirt open, expecting to see a mortal wound.
      "Each army would send forward a champion, and mortal combat (fighting until one person kills the other) between the two would decide the issue," said Xiang Yu.
      Hector pulls out his sword, now his only weapon, and charges. A raging duel ensues, and eventually Achilles finishes it.
      The Jolly Roger is any of various flags flown to identify a ship's crew as pirates that were about to attack.
      "The foul fowl is my mortal foe," said Mrs. Tweedy (Chicken Run).
      The web is no longer considered the mortal enemy of the book.
      I live in mortal dread of cobras when one slithered past my legs when I was a boy.
      Ross lived in mortal fear of spiders; Rachel lived in mortal terror of swings.
      On Thursday 25th April 1616, William Shakespeare's mortal remains (body) were laid to rest.
      I don't think he'll be on this mortal coil (state of being alive) much longer.
      They don't understand that they are mere mortals and that they cannot alter the inevitable.
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      u`ra`ni`um
      ju'reiniəm
      n[U] a radioactive chemical element with symbol U
      -
      In early 1896, in the wave of excitement following Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen's discovery of X-rays the previous year, Henri Becquerel thought that phosphorescent materials, such as some uranium salts, might emit penetrating X-ray-like radiation when illuminated by bright sunlight.
      Marie Curie decided to look into uranium rays as a possible field of research for a thesis.
      On 26 December 1898, the Curies announced the existence of a second element, which they named "radium", from the Latin word for "ray".
      In the course of their research, they also coined the word "radioactivity".
      Uranium miners have a higher incidence of cancer.
      The most visible civilian use of uranium is as the thermal power source used in nuclear power plants.
      Commercial nuclear power plants use fuel that is typically enriched to around 3% uranium-235.
      Uranium-235 is an isotope of uranium making up about 0.72% of natural uranium.
      Isotopes are variants of a particular chemical element such that, while all isotopes of a given element have the same number of protons in each atom, they differ in neutron number.
      Two major types of atomic bombs were developed by the United States during World War II: a uranium-based device (codenamed "Little Boy") whose fissile material was highly enriched uranium, and a plutonium(钚)-based device (see Trinity test and "Fat Man") whose plutonium was derived from uranium-238.
      Trinity was the code name of the first detonation of a nuclear weapon, conducted by the United States Army on July 16, 1945, as a result of the Manhattan Project.
      "Fat Man" was the codename for the type of atomic bomb that was detonated over the Japanese city of Nagasaki by the United States on 9 August 1945.
      Little Boy was the codename for the type of atomic bomb dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 by a Boeing B-29 Superfortress piloted by Colonel Paul W. Tibbets, Jr., commander of the 509th Composite Group of the United States Army Air Forces.
      Depleted uranium (DU) is uranium with a lower content of the fissile isotope U-235 than natural uranium.
      The US and NATO militaries used DU penetrator rounds in the 1991 Gulf War, the Bosnia war, bombing of Serbia, and the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
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      an`ten`na
      æn'tenə
      n[C] feeler or aerial
      -
      Antennae (singular: antenna) in biology have historically been paired appendages used for sensing in arthropods.
      An arthropod is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and jointed appendages.
      An antenna (or aerial) is an electrical device which converts electric power into radio waves, and vice versa. It is usually used with a radio transmitter or radio receiver.
      This article explains what to do if you experience antenna or reception issues with your iPhone 4.
      As far as Rachel is concerned, she has very good political antennae.
      Her political antennae are finely tuned and she lives in the land of nod and wink.
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      re`nowned
      ri'naund
      adj famous, noted
      -
      Winston Churchill is renowned as a brilliant speaker.
      RAF is the oldest air force of the world which is renowned for its strategic bombing.
      Michael DeBakey is a world-renowned American cardiac surgeon, innovator, scientist, medical educator, and international medical statesman.
      It's a show that stars Ziyi Zhang, a renowned actress.
      It is renowned as one of the region's best restaurants.
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      tan`gi`ble
      'tændʒibəl
      adj adj clear and definite ¶ that you can touch and feel
      -
      I wouldn't get your hopes up too much until we have tangible evidence.
      Their efforts provide tangible benefits for local communities.
      Rational judgment is needed for arbitrating this issue - tangible proof like evidence of UFO vehicles or video footage of real space entity is needed to confirm that UFO stories is true.
      Tangible property in law is, literally, anything which can be touched, and includes both real property and personal property (or moveable property), and stands in distinction to intangible property.
      There are three types of assets: financial assets, tangible assets and business assets.
      A business asset is any tangible or intangible asset that is expected to be utilized in the business operation for an extended period of time. In many areas of the world, intellectual property is also considered a business asset, since that property provides ongoing benefit or use to the company.
      The thrill is almost tangible as you witness a matador (bullfighter) in the ring and see the bulls run in the streets of the city.
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      free`lance
      'fri:læns
      adj, adv working independently for different organizations instead of being employed by one particular organization
      also a verb
      -
      Vicrum is one smooth-talking freelance kite designer.
      Phoebe is a freelance massage therapist.
      I work freelance so I don't work 9-5 and can fit in exercise when I like.
      Have you ever dreamed of leaving your day job to work freelance from home or to start a small business of any kind?
      Maybe it's time to go freelance.
      Compare these words: freelance, intern, moonlight, and part-time.
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      de`tain
      di'tein
      v[T] keep in custody ¶ delay
      -
      He was turned over to U.S. officials and detained for 13 days.
      Two American journalists detained by North Korean soldiers after they "illegally intruding" in its territory after crossing the border from China, and are believed to have been sent to Pyongyang for questioning, a news report said Sunday.
      A patient can only be forced to have medical treatment if they're compulsorily detained in hospital under the Mental Health Act.
      Please, sir, stay and answer my questions. I will not detain you long.'
      Chandler and Ross are depressed that Gandalf's detained in Chicago.
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      fu`sion
      'fju:ʒən
      n[UC] combination
      -
      Fusion (also called synthesis) is the process of combining two or more distinct entities into a new whole.
      Melting (or fusion) is the physics process of a substance undergoing a phase transition from a solid into a liquid.
      Heat fusion is a welding process for joining two pieces of a thermoplastic material.
      Nuclear fusion is the process by which multiple atomic nuclei join together to form a heavier nucleus.
      Fusion power is power generation using controlled nuclear fusion reactions.
      In nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry, nuclear fission is either a nuclear reaction or a radioactive decay process in which the nucleus of an atom splits into smaller parts (lighter nuclei).
      Binaural fusion is the cognitive process of combining the auditory information received by both ears.
      Jazz fusion, fusion, or jazz-rock are variants of a musical fusion genre that developed from mixing funk and R&B rhythms and the amplification and electronic effects of rock music, complex time signatures derived from non-Western music and extended, typically instrumental compositions with a jazz approach to lengthy group improvisations, often using wind and brass and displaying a high level of instrumental technique.
      The time signature is a notational convention used in Western musical notation to specify how many beats are in each bar and which note value constitutes one beat.
      The image is a fusion of GPS, altitude, and airspeed data.
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      im`mu`n`ity
      i'mju:niti
      n[U] the quality or condition of being immune, esp to disease or from legal action
      -
      I just read that there was some knowledge of this protective immunity from cowpox going back as far as 1765.
      The patient gained immunity to smallpox.
      Phoebe and Ryan didn't have immunity to chickenpox.
      I read at MSNBC that scientists are now saying most Americans have immunity to the swine flu.
      Witness immunity from prosecution occurs when a prosecutor grants immunity to a witness in exchange for testimony or production of other evidence.
      Diplomatic immunity is a form of legal immunity that ensures that diplomats are given safe passage and are considered not susceptible to lawsuit or prosecution under the host country's laws, although they can still be expelled.
      Cole Hickel, a Marine, pursues his daughter's killer when he is allowed to go back to Paraguay because of "diplomatic immunity" (a 1991 movie).
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      dis`re`gard
      disri'ga:d
      v[T] ignore, do not take account of, do not consider
      also a noun
      -
      The five NPT-licit nuclear powers (Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States) have disregarded NPT obligations to disarm.
      The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT.
      Israeli airstrikes over the past 24 hours have been intense and severe, and have targeted civilian houses in disregard of the lives of their residents.
      The fact that you relied on manipulated email chains, without checking their authenticity with us prior to broadcast, demonstrates a flagrant disregard to the BBC's broadcasting code, misleading viewers and inciting widespread misreporting.
      This is wrong and dangerous, and shows reckless disregard for safety procedures.
      Amy Green shows a complete disregard for other people's feelings.
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      filth
      filθ
      n[U] foul or dirty matter ¶ very offensive language, stories, or pictures about sex
      -
      "Oh, baths are so relaxing!" "Really? You just sit in there stewing in your own filth?"
      Throughout the 14th century, London was once a square mile of stinking filth and detritus (Filthy Cities: Medieval London).
      The Ganges is the largest river in India with an extraordinary religious importance for Hindus. A large proportion of the waste in the Ganges is from this population through domestic usage like bathing, laundry and public defecation.
      "I was the James Michener of dirty talk. It was the most elaborate filth you have ever heard," said Ross.
      "Filth" is a pejorative way of referring to a police officer.
      "Filth" is an acronym for "Failed in London, Try Hong Kong", a derogatory reference to Britons in Hong Kong.
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      cheer`ful
      'tʃiəfəl
      adj happy, or behaving in a way that shows you are happy ¶ giving sb a ~ feeling ¶ willing, not grudging
      -
      Exuberance is behavior which is energetic, excited, and cheerful.
      "Now, who wants a chocolate?" she asked in a cheerful tone.
      He's a graceful and dignified man with a positive attitude, hardworking and cheerful manner.
      Yellow is a cheerful color and is quite the attention getter.
      From the colorful paintings on its walls and the cheerful atmosphere created, the hospital is not presented as a place for the sick, but a place for the healing.
      All you need is a cheerful attitude and an optimistic viewpoint.
      Andrew Summers Rowan was a cheerful man (A Message to Garcia).
      Compare these words: cheerful, jolly, merry, and upbeat.
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      in`var`i`a`bly
      in'veəriəbli
      adj always or almost always
      -
      The subway is invariably crowded.
      Investors increasingly believed that in a crisis or downturn, the Fed would step in and inject liquidity until the problem got better. Invariably, the Fed did so each time.
      No matter how organized you are though, there will invariably be times when you forget to send a card in time.
      Cheese is invariably a feature of the informal wine tastings.
      The children who commit violent crimes have invariably been victimized by violent adults.
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      peg
      peg
      n[C] wooden, metal or plastic pin or bolt used to hold things together, to hang things on, to mark a position, etc ¶ a leg, esp a wooden one
      also a verb
      -
      Rachel hung her coat on the peg.
      A clothespin (US English) or clothes-peg (UK English) is a fastener used to hang up clothes for drying, usually on a clothes line.
      A tent peg (or tent stake) is a spike, usually with a hook or hole on the top end, typically made from wood, metal, plastic, or composite material, pushed or driven into the ground for holding a tent to the ground, either directly by attaching to the tent's material, or by connecting to ropes attached to the tent.
      A tuning peg is used to hold a string in the pegbox of a stringed instrument.
      Sheldon really need to be taken down a peg or two (reduce the pride of, humble).
      Stock market declines gave the Republicans a convenient peg (on which) to hang their plan to cut taxes.
      A square peg (in a round hole) is a person who does not feel happy or comfortable in a particular situation, or who is not suitable for it.
      Total damage has been pegged at around $50 billion, making it the second-most costly storm in American history after hurricane Katrina.
      Bitcoins are not pegged to any government currency and there is no central clearinghouse or monetary authority.
      Chandler got pegged as gay.
      Arsne Wenger's team were below par at Manchester United last weekend but gave an improved performance in the Champions League on Tuesday, taking a 2-0 lead against Schalke before being pegged back.
      Mr. Anderson said a site had already been pegged out on the property adjacent to his land.
      It's like Joey's running on tiny little pegs.
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      vi`bra`tion
      vai'breiʃən
      n[UC] a continuous slight shaking movement ¶ the general mood a person or place seems to have and the way they make you feel
      -
      Vibration is a mechanical phenomenon whereby oscillations occur about an equilibrium point.
      The study of sound and vibration are closely related.
      Even at full speed the car's engines cause very little vibration.
      Vibrations were felt hundreds of miles from the center of the earthquake.
      A vibrator is a sex toy for the body and skin, to stimulate the nerves for a relaxing and pleasurable feeling.
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      dwin`dle
      'dwindl
      v[I] become gradually less or smaller, shrink
      -
      The elephant population is dwindling.
      The KKK's numbers have been dwindling.
      On this occasion Sheldon's arrogant feeling that she could direct everybody dwindled away.
      The Blue Jays drew more than 4 million fans each year from 1991 to 1993, but that dwindled to just under 1.5 million by 2010 (despite a team that won 85 games).
      H.P. - after a long shopping spree - may not have the money to do a lot more. Its cash has dwindled to about $8 billion, from $13 billion in 2009.
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      en`light`en
      in'laitn
      v[T] give sb information so that they understand sth better
      -
      Perhaps you'd like to enlighten me as to where I said anything remotely like that.
      If any experienced baker could enlighten me on why this should be done, I'd love to know!
      Hopefully someone can enlighten me about this.
      Someone with enlightened attitudes has sensible, modern views and treats people fairly and kindly.
      "She's proposing to him. Guess we know who wears the pants in that family." "That's not very enlightened!"
      The Age of Enlightenment (or simply the Enlightenment or Age of Reason) was a cultural movement of intellectuals beginning in late 17th-century Europe emphasizing reason and individualism rather than tradition.
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      pro`voc`a`tive
      prə'vɔkətiv
      adj intended to make people angry or upset, or to cause a lot of discussion ¶ intended to make sb sexually excited
      -
      In this provocative book, the authors debunk the medical model of the psychotherapist as healer who merely applies the proper nostrum to make the client well.
      "Can machines think?" It is 1950 when Alan Turing asks this provocative question and founds a new field of research along with significant contemporaries of the likes of Claude Shannon, Norbert Wiener and Joseph Weizenbaum: that of "artificial intelligence (AI)."
      The government should stop these extremists making provocative statements.
      Rachel was wearing a provocative dress.
      Sexting, sending naked or sexually provocative images, is part of the digital landscape that today's teens are growing up in.
      Compare these words: provocative, seductive, and suggestive.
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      turn`o`ver
      'tə:nəuvə
      n[CU] change ¶ the act of turning over ¶ a type of pastry
      -
      In basketball, a turnover occurs when a player loses possession to the opposing team.
      In human resources context, turnover or staff turnover or labor turnover is the rate at which an employer loses and gains employees.
      In 2003, a U.S. survey found that annual staff turnover in casual dining is 98 per cent.
      In business, revenue or turnover is income that a company receives from its normal business activities, usually from the sale of goods and services to customers.
      Now, how about clearing out of here so I can get some new customers, huh? It's all about turnover.
      In accounting, the inventory turnover is a measure of the number of times inventory is sold or used in a time period such as a year.
      The importance of inventory turnover is to measure how fast your investment returned back to you.
      Asset turnover is a financial ratio that measures the efficiency of a company's use of its assets in generating sales revenue or sales income to the company.
      The total asset turnover ratio indicates how effectively the firm is using its total asset base.
      Population turnover is a related statistic that measures gross moves in relation to the size of the population, for example movement of residents into and out of a geographic location between census counts.
      Alaska has one of the highest rates of population turnover in the nation
      A turnover is a type of pastry made by placing a filling on a piece of dough, folding the dough over, and sealing it.
      Turnovers can be sweet or savory and are often made as a sort of portable meal or dessert, similar to a sandwich.
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      e`ven`tu`al
      i'ventʃuəl
      adj happening at the end of a process or period of time, ultimate
      -
      This tournament awarded an incredible $18 million to the eventual winner, and was considered to be the biggest bubble in the history of poker tournaments.
      It is impossible to predict the eventual outcome.
      The eventual goal would be to transfer the remaining powers held by the UK government to Northern Ireland allowing all nations within the union to have equal competences.
      The eventual result was quite different though.
      Every dying business sends out certain warning signs before the eventual collapse.
      They are taught skills to help them live on their own and the eventual aim is for them to be able to move out into normal accommodation.
      How you choose to spend your time, and the decisions you make at these early stages, will be crucial to the eventual success of your business.
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