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      adj large, impressive, or expensive, extravagant ¶ very generous
      v[T] give sb a lot of sth
      Arrack and other drinks are sold on a lavish scale and this has indeed created a huge problem for the society.
      Ross and Rachel married on April 26, 1986, in a lavish ceremony in Hawaii.
      Joshua lives a lavish lifestyle.
      He is lavish with his praise whoever the player or whatever the team provided they actually perform.
      Singh was lavish in his praise for his predecessor.
      In the case of the Kindle Fire HD, you have the Silk browser, which Amazon has lavished attention on.
      Phoebe adores the babies and lavishes them with love.
      adj similar
      He was determined to be a part of Israel's most elite security cadre, akin to the American Green Berets and Navy SEALs.
      His blog is akin to a rotting log in a forest. No one pays attention and has nothing to add to her mundane posts.
      The sound is akin to that of a large bomb, and it can produce panic attacks, shock and nosebleeds (on children).
      They need a centrist reform movement akin to what paved the way for the election of Bill Clinton.
      v[I] (door, floor, bed etc) make a long high noise
      also a noun
      Chandler is sitting reading a book and hears the bed in Joey's room creaking.
      We hear the sound of a bed creaking through the ceiling.
      I hear the creak of the stairs and I brace myself for the onslaught as my husband pushes open the bedroom door.
      The building creaks and groans from the wind which hurls through the hallways, rattling and shaking the walls.
      As many early HIV medicines come to the end of their patent life, the sustainability of this model is in question, especially for health care systems that are already creaking under the burgeoning role of universal care.
      Five years on, western capitalism is still creaking at the seams, suffering a crisis of liquidity, reliability and confidence.
      n[U] the academic study of social behavior, its origins, development, organization, and institutions
      A goal for many sociologists is to conduct research which may be applied directly to social policy and welfare, while others focus primarily on refining the theoretical understanding of social processes.
      The traditional focuses of sociology include social stratification, social class, social mobility, religion, secularization, law, sexuality and deviance.
      As all spheres of human activity are affected by the interplay between social structure and individual agency, sociology has gradually expanded its focus to further subjects, such as health, medical, military and penal institutions, the Internet, education, and the role of social activity in the development of scientific knowledge.
      The sociology of the Internet in the broad sense regards the analysis of online communities (e.g. newsgroups, social networking sites) and virtual worlds, thus there is often overlap with community sociology.
      Closely related to the sociology of the Internet, is digital sociology, which expands the scope of study to address not only the internet but also the impact of the other digital media and devices that have emerged since the first decade of the twenty-first century.
      v[IT] summon or gather
      n[C] a group of people brought together in one place, esp soldiers
      The term muster designates the process or event of accounting for members in a military unit. This practice of inspections led to the coining of the English idiom pass muster, meaning being sufficient.
      Musketeers must be mustered.
      Finally I mustered up enough courage to tell her.
      She tripped a few times and only barely mustered the strength to get up again.
      Finally, I mustered up enough nerve (or whatever) to get the show on the road.
      A muster (Au/NZ) or a roundup (US) is the process of gathering livestock.
      Mobilization is the act of assembling and making both troops and supplies ready for war.
      n[C] a cloak-like garment ¶ covering, blanket ¶ a layer in the interior of Earth or another planet
      v[T] cover the surface of sth
      A mantle is a type of loose garment usually worn over indoor clothing to serve the same purpose as an overcoat.
      Technically, the term describes a long, loose cape-like cloak worn from the 12th to the 16th century and during the American Civil War by both sexes, although by the 19th century, it was used to describe any loose-fitting, shaped woman's outer garment similar to a cape.
      Unlike mountain regions elsewhere, the Australian Alps are covered by a mantle of vegetation.
      His jealousies and anxieties melted from him like a mantle of snow.
      The mantle is a part of a terrestrial planet or other rocky body large enough to have differentiation by density.
      Earth's mantle is a silicate rocky shell about 2,900 kilometers thick that constitutes about 84% of Earth's volume.
      One could also play with a wonderful optical effect in the photos made at high humidity: the lens sweats immediately, and the picture gets mantled in a romantic mist.
      n[U] the movement of ships etc along a planned path ¶ the skill, process, or science of planning the path
      Navigation is the theory and practice of navigating, especially the charting of a course for a ship, aircraft, or spaceship.
      Land navigation, or orienteering, is the military term for the study of traversing through unfamiliar terrain by foot or in a land vehicle. Land navigation includes the ability to read maps, use a compass, and other navigational skills.
      The basic principles of air navigation are identical to general navigation, which includes the process of planning, recording, and controlling the movement of a craft from one place to another.
      Web navigation refers to the process of navigating a network of information resources in the World Wide Web, which is organized as hypertext or hypermedia. The user interface that is used to do so is called a web browser.
      adj like or consisting of fire, flaming ¶ becoming angry or excited quickly or easily ¶ showing strong emotions ¶ producing a burning sensation, spicy
      She brushed a strand of her fiery red hair away from her piercing green eyes and tried not to look at the clock again.
      We both might die in a fiery car crash.
      I have a very short fuse, a very fiery temper, and if anyone gave me crap I would give it straight back.
      It is ok, I mean as long as you know that Chandler and I are also very hot and fiery, I mean just as hot as you! I mean our flame, whew, it is on fire!
      David Owen stood up and gave the fieriest speech.
      The Mossad operation caused a fiery debate among Bush's national security team.
      A hot and fiery drink that combines the smooth coconut flavor of traditional Malibu infused with a fiery Mexican Tequila, Malibu RED is a truly vibrant and energetic drink and the perfect way to get the party started on your night out.
      n[U] the quality of being better, more powerful etc than another ¶ a way of behaving that shows you think you are better than other people
      I will, however, give you the opportunity to concede my superiority now, and offer me your robot as the spoils of war.
      The comparative weakness of the German fleet, contrasted with the vast superiority of the English navy, allows a correspondingly easy victory to be anticipated, especially if the French fleet cooperates.
      Jack the Ripper came to New York in order to prove his superiority over the New York Police Department.
      He found that boy babies demonstrate early superiority in visual acuity and possess better spatial abilities in dealing with three-dimensional space.
      They often drive an SUV or other large vehicle that adds to their sense of superiority.
      He has that air of superiority and pomposity.
      Snobbery and inverted snobbery, and feelings of superiority and inferiority, are rife, damaging and inconsistent with the gospel.
      n[U] the state of being alone, esp when this is what you enjoy
      The English translation of One Hundred Years of Solitude came out when I was a first-year student at university.
      Go and sit in solitude for some time, trying to rest your mind.
      I usually try this from time to time, since I love how the solitude of the night positively affects my state of mind.
      I had three chairs in my house; one for solitude, two for friendship, three for society.
      There he enjoyed his spirit and his solitude.
      n[C] a short book that gives instructions on how to use sth or information about a particular subject
      A handbook is a treatise on a special subject. Nowadays it is often a simple but all-embracing treatment, containing concise information and being small enough to be held in the hand.
      "Handbook" is sometimes applied to documents that are produced within an organization that are not designed for publication - such as a company handbook for HR, for instance. In this case, the term is used nearly synonymously with "manual."
      An owner's manual (also called an instruction manual) is an instructional book or booklet that is supplied with almost all technologically advanced consumer products such as vehicles, home appliances and computer peripherals.
      The handbook is published by the Assembly Chief Clerk and Secretary of the Senate for their respective houses.
       The core of the Handbook for Basic Process Improvement is found in the 14-step basic process improvement model.
      v[I] try to obtain private facts about sb
      v[T] force sth open or away from sth
      I don't want to pry, but I need to ask you one or two questions.
      I just glanced at the letter; I didn't mean to pry.
      We managed to pry the door open with a screwdriver.
      Try prying the lid off with a spoon.
      I pried the top off a can of chilli.
      Prying off the plastic lid, she took out a small scoop.
      We finally managed to pry the secret code out of him.
      I wanted a private holiday away from prying eyes.
      n[C] a pub or an inn
      A tavern is a place of business where people gather to drink alcoholic beverages and be served food, and in some cases, where travelers receive lodging.
      An inn is a tavern which has a license to put up guests as lodgers.
      In the English language, a tavern was once an establishment which served wine whilst an inn served beer and ale. Over time, the words "tavern" and "inn" became interchangeable and synonymous.
      It was rife with historical inaccuracies. For example, the tavern girl serving flagons of mead.
      It is I, Sir Howard of Wolowitz. Can I interest you in an afternoon of spirited questing followed by a flagon of ale at Yon virtual tavern?
      Leonard, I understand that some people find mates in social gathering places such as bars or taverns. Have you tried a bar or tavern?
      adj not certain and slightly suspicious, doubtful ¶ probably not honest, true, right etc, questionable
      I applaud the efforts of all the medal winners, but I am highly dubious about the value of the medals table.
      Both premises are dubious.
      Following the scandal of ENRON and its dubious accounting practices, we have come to expect auditors of business accounts to be independent of the company they are monitoring.
      A dubious honor etc is the opposite of an honor.
      Australia has a dubious distinction of being presently the most lakeless and waterless continent.
      The battalion holds the dubious honor of having the highest casualty rate of any unit of the A.I.F.
      I once had the dubious pleasure of working with Dr. Cooper.
      adj behaving in a proud, unpleasant way because you think you are more important than other people
      "Gravity would've been apparent to me without the apple." "You cannot possibly be that arrogant."
      That arrogant, misogynistic, East Texas doorknob that told me I should abandon my work with high-energy particles for laundry and childbearing?
      I will graciously overlook the fact that she is an arrogant, subpar scientist who believes loop quantum gravity better unites quantum mechanics with general relativity than does string theory.
      Oh, you're so arrogant. If you were a superhero, your name would be Captain Arrogant. And you know what your superpower would be? Arrogance.
      Don't get too cocky! Remember I won the last one! Oh, by the way, how did that feel, losing to a girl?
      In Edwardian London, in the Covent Garden area on a rainy night after the opera, a poor Cockney flower seller, Eliza Doolittle, overhears Professor Henry Higgins, an arrogant, irascible teacher of elocution, boast of his knowledge of the English language.
      n[C] a form of word puzzle
      v[T] make a lot of holes in sth
      A riddle is a statement or question or phrase having a double or veiled meaning, put forth as a puzzle to be solved.
      Riddles are of two types: enigmas, which are problems generally expressed in metaphorical or allegorical language that require ingenuity and careful thinking for their solution, and conundra, which are questions relying for their effects on punning in either the question or the answer.
      Contemporary riddles typically use puns and double entendres for humorous effect rather than to puzzle the butt of the joke, as in "Why is six afraid of seven?" "Because seven eight (ate) nine."
      In the Batman comic books, one of the hero's best known enemies is The Riddler who is personally compelled to supply clues about his upcoming crimes to his enemies in the form of riddles and puzzles.
      "What about my questions?" "The sheer volume, it was like flying with the Riddler!"
      The Sphinx is said to have guarded the entrance to the Greek city of Thebes, and to have asked a riddle of travelers to allow them passage.
      The body of the car was riddled by fragments and the driver was badly wounded in the head.
      Sheldon has been riddled with (be full of something, especially something bad or unpleasant) guilt, which is causing Gorn-infested REM sleep.
      I feel like we just don't have enough love to continue, our relationship is riddled with hate and resentment.
      adj very careful about small details, and always making sure that everything is done correctly
      Dr. Sheldon Cooper is a meticulous physicist.
      He was typically meticulous in his research.
      He is so meticulous about the detail.
      His bowel movements run like a German train schedule.
      n[U] the act of offering prices, esp at an auction
      Bidding is an offer (often competitive) of setting a price one is willing to pay for something or a demand that something be done.
      A price offer is called a bid. The term may be used in context of auctions, stock exchange, card games, or real estate.
      Bidding is used by various economic niche for determining the demand and hence the value of the article or property, in today's world of advance technology, Internet is one of the most favorite platforms for providing bidding facilities, it is the most natural way of determining the price of a commodity in a free market economy.
      Chandler's agency was bidding for a big account and they got it. It was his first national commercial.
      Are you guys thinking of getting this house too? Are we gonna have a bidding war?
      Dibs doesn't apply in a bidding war.
      If you do something at someone's bidding, you do it because they have asked you to do it.
      If you say that someone does another person's bidding, you disapprove of the fact that they do exactly what the other person asks them to do, even when they do not want to.
      n[U] the natural or artificial removal of surface and sub-surface water from an area
      Many agricultural soils need drainage to improve production or to manage water supplies.
      Modern drainage systems incorporate geotextile filters that retain and prevent fine grains of soil from passing into and clogging the drain.
      The civil engineer is responsible for drainage in construction projects.
      They set out from the plans all the roads, street gutters, drainage, culverts and sewers involved in construction operations.
      Wetland soils may need drainage to be used for agriculture.
      Drier areas are often farmed by irrigation, and one would not consider drainage necessary.
      Irrigated land may need periodic flushes with excessive irrigation water and drainage to control soil salinity.
      Compare "drainage" and "sewage".
      adj excellent, magnificent, great, marvellous
      This is a splendid idea. In fact, some may say a stroke of pure genius.
      With such beneficial terms, you will not required to pay as much, and you will have a splendid opportunity to spend more money on some other things such as paying off debt or saving some money for vacations or for a house.
      Mista Spleen did a splendid job.
      At 1331 feet, it offers splendid views of the surrounding countryside.
      A splendid dinner was laid out along a 30-foot table at Hogwarts Conservatory of Witchcraft and Wizardry.
      Splendid. So, please sit down. Can I offer you a sherry?
      Compare these words: amazing, awesome, fabulous, neat, terrific, and wonderful.
      n[sU] a pleasant taste or smell ¶ interest and enjoyment
      v[T] enjoy food or an experience slowly
      Savoriness (also spelled savouriness) is a quality of food that deals with a rich, salty flavor, as contrasted with sweetness, which is a sugary flavor. Savory foods include potato chips, cheeseburgers, tacos, and pizza, while excluding foods like cinnamon rolls or lollipops.
      I'm really enjoying this meal. I'm going to slow down and savor it.
      I don't want my job back. I've spent the past three and a half years staring at grease boards full of equations. Before that, I spent four years working on my thesis. Before that, I was in college, and before that, I was in the fifth grade. This is my first day off in decades and I'm going to savor it.
      Why must we dial so speedily anyway? Why must we rush through life? Why can't we savor the precious moments? Those are some huge breasts you have, Mary-Angela.
      n[C] one exterior side of a building ¶ outward appearance
      A facade or façade is generally one exterior side of a building, usually, but not always, the front. The word comes from the French language, literally meaning "frontage" or "face".
      In architecture, the facade of a building is often the most important aspect from a design standpoint, as it sets the tone for the rest of the building.
      You need to know what goes on behind the facade.
      What we see is not true, it's just a facade.
      v[IT] move the beak forward quickly and hit or bite sth ¶ kiss sb quickly and lightly
      also a noun
      When a bird sees another pecking at something, it will copy, thus learning what to eat, and where to find food (and water).
      Down on the marble floor, its little bird feet sliding this way and that, it pecked at crumbs that must have fallen from the students' breakfasts.
      The chick and the duck are across the hall! I mean that's two doors away, it's gonna take them a long time to peck their way back over here.
      Rachel slid across the sofa, pecked Paul on the cheek and loosened his tie.
      Joey gives Lauren a peck on the cheek.
      Compare "peck" and "perk".
      v[I] tremble
      also a noun
      Benjamin jumped to his feet fairly quivering with enthusiasm.
      Then he stood motionless, with quivering lips, looking down upon the wreck.
      My lips quivered, my eyes went red, and salty tears stained my already salty face.
      It was only a twitch, a quiver, rapid as the clicking of a camera shutter.
      A quiver is a container for arrows, bolts, or darts.
      Well, that was the last arrow in my quiver of whimsy.
      Compare these words: quiver, rattle, shiver, shudder, vibrate, and wobble.
      n[C] a musical instrument like a thin pipe ¶ a tall narrow glass for drinking champagne
      The flute is a family of musical instrument of the woodwind group. Unlike woodwind instruments with reeds, a flute is an aerophone or reedless wind instrument that produces its sound from the flow of air across an opening.
      A musician who plays the flute can be referred to as a flute player, a flautist, or a flutist.
      Aside from the voice, flutes are the earliest known musical instruments.
      A number of flutes dating to about 43,000 to 35,000 years ago have been found in the Swabian Alb region of Germany.
      The champagne flûte (fr. Flûte à Champagne) is a stem glass with a tall, narrow bowl.