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      n[CU] communication and co-operation between units of an organization ¶ sb who helps groups to work effectively with each other ¶ affair
      In doing so, the Council will continue its close liaison with the Alumni and Events Office.
      A liaison officer or LNO is a person that liaises between two organizations to communicate and coordinate their activities.
      She is described as an unpaid social liaison at MacDill Air Force Base, Fla., headquarters to the U.S. Central Command.
      Dangerous Liaisons is a 1988 historical drama film based upon Christopher Hampton's play Les liaisons dangereuses, which in turn was a theatrical adaptation of the 18th-century French novel Les Liaisons dangereuses by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos.
      In pre-Revolution Paris, the Marquise de Merteuil plots revenge against her ex-lover, the Comte de Gercourt, who has ended their relationship.
      v[T] wrap sb/sth in thick clothing, cloth, etc ¶ make a sound quieter and less clear
      Susan and Helen were both muffled in heavy, fur-lined coats.
      Phoebe (muffled): Oh, thank you.
      Joey was muffled by the mouth guard.
      I could hear muffled voices coming from Ross' room but couldn't make out any words.
      The hotel's windows are double-glazed to muffle the noise of aircraft.
      adj having a soft, round body ¶ slightly fat ¶ looking soft, full and attractive to use or eat
      v[IT] become well-rounded, chubby, or full in form, or make sth do this ¶ plonk
      You can describe someone or something as plump to indicate that they are rather fat or rounded.
      Mona, the slutty nurse, was a cheerful plump woman.
      If you plump a pillow or cushion, you shake it and hit it gently so that it goes back into a rounded shape.
      Monica panics when her parents pop in unexpectedly, rushing round plumping cushions.
      If dried fruit plumps up, or if you plump it up, it becomes fatter and softer when in liquid.
      Soak the apricots and raisins until the fruit plumps up.
      If you plump for someone or something, you choose them, often after hesitating or thinking carefully.
      If you do plump for the SUV option, you are going to need to be hyper-vigilant when backing out.
      v[IT] produce heat, light, or energy ¶ show an emotion or quality
      If something radiates light or heat, or if light or heat radiates from something, the light or heat is sent out in all directions.
      In that case, energy radiated from the surface at the green house gas wavelengths is absorbed by the atmosphere and replaced by radiation to space from the top of the atmospheric column.
      If someone radiates a feeling, or if it radiates from them, it is very easy to see that this is how they feel.
      Rachel radiates happiness and health.
      If things radiate out from a place, they form a pattern that is like lines drawn from the centre of a circle to various points on its edge.
      Just before the breeding season, these birds radiate outwards to warmer climates.
      n[s] the whole universe
      The cosmos is a complex and orderly system, such as our Universe; the opposite of chaos.
      The philosopher Pythagoras is regarded as the first person to apply the term cosmos to the order of the Universe.
      Cosmology is the study of the cosmos in several of the above meanings, depending on context.
      In theology, the cosmos is the created heavenly bodies (sun, moon, planets, and "fixed stars"), not including the creator.
      n[C] ghost, unreal or imagined thing
      adj imagined and not real
      All right, Raj has played his Phantom Warlord card, and I am going to back him up with my Strangling Vines.
      The Phantom Zone is a fictional prison dimension featured in the Superman comic books and related media published by DC Comics.
      Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace is a 1999 American epic space opera film written and directed by George Lucas.
      The Spirits Within follows scientists Aki Ross and Doctor Sid in their efforts to free a post-apocalyptic Earth from a mysterious and deadly alien race known as the Phantoms, which has driven the remnants of humanity into "barrier cities".
      Phantom is a 2013 American film about a Soviet submarine during the Cold War in the 1960s.
      v[IT] ≠arm
      To disarm a person or group means to take away all their weapons.
      Most of the rebels were captured and disarmed.
      If a country or group disarms, it gives up the use of weapons, especially nuclear weapons.
      The government was reluctant to disarm.
      If a person or their behaviour disarms you, they cause you to feel less angry, hostile, or critical towards them.
      He disarmed her immediately by apologizing profusely.
      If you disarm a bomb, missile etc, you take the explosives out of them.
      n[U] in ~ - in danger of being lost or harmed
      Well, I'd be forced to file a report. I'd have to consult with the legal department, and your future at the company would be in jeopardy.
      Oh my god, there's a breach in the radiation unit! The whole city is in jeopardy! Oh, my God! Professor Golden Bell is melting.
      Jeopardy! is an American television game show created by Merv Griffin.
      Kathy's life appeared to be in jeopardy but she survived.
      n[UC] herb, spice, etc that you add to food to improve the taste
      Larousse Gastronomique states that "to season and to flavour are not the same thing", insisting that seasoning includes a large or small amount of salt being added to a preparation.
      Salt may be used to draw out water, or to magnify a natural flavor of a food making it richer or more delicate, depending on the dish.
      This type of procedure is akin to curing. For instance, seasalt (a coarser-grained salt) is rubbed into chicken, lamb, and beef to tenderize the meat and improve flavor.
      Other seasonings like black pepper and basil transfer some of their flavor to the food.
      A well designed dish may combine seasonings that complement each other.
      In addition to the choice of herbs and seasoning, the timing of when flavors are added will affect the food that is being cooked.
      In some cultures, meat may be seasoned by pouring sauce over the dish at the table.
      A variety of seasoning techniques exist in various cultures.
      v[T] move over or across an area
      n[C] sideways movement across sth
      His caravans traversed all the routes of the great deserts of the Compass Rose, from city to city, from oasis to the very edge of land where the port cities rimmed the earth like jewels on a string of coastline.
      A compass rose, sometimes called a windrose, or Rose of the Winds, is a figure on a compass, map, nautical chart, or monument used to display the orientation of the cardinal directions - North, East, South, and West - and their intermediate points.
      It is traversed by numerous transverse ridges and furrows, and is covered by a thin layer of gray matter.
      Two weeks later, on May 19, the moon will have traversed half its orbit and arrived at apogee.
      A traverse is a lateral move or route when climbing; going mainly sideways rather than up or down.
      The Chevrolet Traverse is a seven or eight seat, full-size crossover SUV built on the GM Lambda platform that underpins the GMC Acadia and Buick Enclave.
      n[C] a long flat boat used on rivers and canals
      v[I] push
      A barge is a flat-bottomed boat, built mainly for river and canal transport of heavy goods. Some barges are not self-propelled and need to be towed or pushed by towboats.
      If you barge into a place or barge through it, you rush or push into it in a rough and rude way.
      If you barge into someone or barge past them, you bump against them roughly and rudely.
      If you barge in or barge in on someone, you rudely interrupt what they are doing or saying.
      We finally found a place to stay (by barging into a man's tent at 5 a.m. and striking a deal with him to spend the night).
      Several years ago, when Oliver was about three, he barged into the bathroom just as I was getting out of the shower.
      n[C] one continuous period when you are sitting in a chair
      I sat down and read the whole book in one sitting.
      The Ritz has five sittings for tea a day.
      The dining-hall is small, so there are two sittings for lunch.
      A sitting of a parliament, legislature, court, or other official body is one of the occasions when it meets in order to carry out its work.
      A sitting president or member of parliament is a present one, not a future or past one.
      If you say that someone is a sitting duck, you mean that they are easy to attack, cheat, or take advantage of.
      n[CU] tiny drops of water or other liquids in the air
      Vapor refers to a gas phase at a temperature where the same substance can also exist in the liquid or solid state, below the critical temperature of the substance. (For example, water has a critical temperature of 374 °C (647 K), which is the highest temperature at which liquid water can exist.)
      If the vapor is in contact with a liquid or solid phase, the two phases will be in a state of equilibrium.
      Vapor is responsible for the familiar processes of cloud formation and condensation.
      Atmospheric water vapor is found near the earth's surface, and may condense into small liquid droplets and form meteorological phenomena such as fog, mist and haar.
      It wasn't the gasoline that caught fire, but the vapors.
      A vapor trail is a white line of water vapour left in the sky by an aeroplane, a rocket, or a missile.
      There was a hissing sound, and clouds of vapour were emitted.
      Poisonous vapours burst out of the factory during the accident, causing several thousand deaths.
      The Bhopal disaster was an industrial disaster that took place at a Union Carbide India Limited pesticide plant in the Indian city of Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.
      v[T] cast a spell over, bewitch ¶ charm or please sb greatly
      Do you have an enchanted sword?
      They got my enchanted weapons, my vicious gladiator armor, my wand of untainted power, and all my gold.
      "Warlord beats troll, troll beats elf, elf beats water sprite, and basically everything beats Enchanted Bunny." "Unless you have the Carrot of Power."
      Penny, you became disenchanted with Leonard as a lover. Would you please tell my sister why?
      Ariel fights Ursula when the sea witch turns her dad into a sea plant and, prior to that, risks drowning to swim to a ship and prevent Ursula from marrying an enchanted Eric.
      v[IT] become bent or curved ¶ make a person or their behavior strange
      also a noun
      If something warps or is warped, it becomes damaged by bending or curving, often because of the effect of heat or water.
      If something warps someone's character, it damages them or it influences them in a bad way.
      If I put the shelves near the radiator, the heat might warp them.
      The wooden frame warped in the humidity.
      Even good men could be warped by power.
      Our view of the world is always warped by the biased lens we use.
      A time warp is a hypothetical, rather than fictitious, change in the continuum of space-time, such as in time dilation or contraction.
      "The Time Warp" is a song featured in the 1973 rock musical The Rocky Horror Show and in its 1975 film adaption The Rocky Horror Picture Show, as well as a dance performed during the chorus of the song.
      n[C] a plant or animal that lives on or in another plant or animal and gets food from it
      Parasitism is a non-mutual symbiotic relationship between species, where one species, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host.
      Traditionally parasite referred primarily to organisms visible to the naked eye, or macroparasites.
      Parasite now includes microparasites, which are typically smaller, such as protozoans, viruses and bacteria.
      Some examples of parasites include the plants mistletoe and cuscuta, and animals such as hookworms.
      A parasite is generally harmful to some degree to the host that is harboring the parasite.
      n[C] a pipe with a wide, often conical mouth and a narrow stem ¶ chimney
      v[IT] move through a ~ or a narrow space, or make sth do this ¶ send money, information etc from various places to sb, channel
      A funnel is used to channel liquid or fine-grained substances into containers with a small opening. Without a funnel, spillage would occur.
      Funnels are usually made of stainless steel, aluminium, glass, or plastic.
      The term funnel is sometimes used to refer to the chimney or smokestack on a steam locomotive and usually used in referring to the same on a ship.
      The term funnel is also applied to other seemingly strange objects like a smoking pipe or a kitchen bin.
      Blenders have narrow bases and small blades. They're best for grinding liquid items very finely, such as pureeing soups, because the liquids are funneled down to the very small and fast-moving blades.
      If you funnel something somewhere, or if it funnels there, it goes there by passing through a narrow opening.
      n[C] one of the two holes at the end of your nose
      "So how was Joan?" "I broke up with her." "Oh, Why? Don't tell me, 'cause of the big nostri thing?" "They were huge. When she sneezed bats flew out of them."
      Rachel sticks a marshmellow into Monica's nose. Monica takes it out of her nose by closing one nostril, and blowing.
      Anna May Fletcher. She was born with one nostril. Then she had this bad nose job and basically wound up with three.
      "Okay, I'm not upset about Leonard and Priya." "Your flaring nostrils indicate otherwise."
      If a horse snorts, it forces air out through its nostrils with a loud noise.
      n[C] a group of vehicles or ships travelling together
      v[T] travel with sth to protect it
      The name "Battle of the Atlantic" was coined by Winston Churchill in February 1941.
      It has been called the "longest, largest, and most complex" naval battle in history.
      The campaign began immediately after the European war began and lasted six years.
      It involved thousands of ships in more than 100 convoy battles and perhaps 1,000 single-ship encounters,in a theatre covering thousands of square miles of ocean.
      Government convoys frequently travel at high speeds and often in either or both lanes of traffic, including in the oncoming traffic lane, requiring cars to move off the road.
      Whenever there are police lights or sirens, drivers should move off the road immediately and completely to avoid collisions.
      On the 9 th June 1798 the great armada appeared off Malta, comprising four hundred transports convoyed by fifteen ships of the line, fifteen frigates, seven corvettes and three armed vessels of smaller size, carrying a total strength of 54,000 men, under the command of the already celebrated General Bonaparte.
      n[C] a line cut into a surface ¶ a settled routine ¶ a particular type of musical rhythm
      Prepare your fireboard. Cut a groove in the fireboard. This will be your track for the spindle. Rub! Take the tip of your spindle and place it in the groove of your fireboard. Start rubbing the tip of the spindle up and down the groove.
      Dylan is back in his groove. With pencil in hand, and paper at the ready, he is writing.
      You finally manage to get into the groove and start getting something done when out of the blue one of your IM buddies wants to talk about pottery.
      I would come in each morning, we'd set a groove, and then I would try and make a song up and I'd put instruments on it.
      adj very big, strong, impressive etc
      Based on Mount Othrys, the Titans most famously included the first twelve children of the primordial Gaia (Mother Earth) and Uranus (Father Heaven).
      The Titanic is a large British passenger ship which was people considered impossible to sink, but which hit an iceberg in the Atlantic Ocean on its first journey in 1912, and as a result sank, killing more than 1500 of its passengers.
      Titanic Quarter in Belfast, Northern Ireland is a large-scale waterfront regeneration project, comprising historic maritime landmarks, film studios, education facilities, apartments, a riverside entertainment district, and the world's largest Titanic-themed attraction centred on land in Belfast Harbour, known until 1995 as Sean Lally land.
      We know that we can win this titanic struggle.
      Both sides understood that a titanic battle would follow.
      n[s] the appearance of being related to sth bad or morally wrong
      v[T] affect sth with a ~
      Chandler, it's all tainted with your betrayal.
      Look, I can't have a wedding with this money now. It's tainted.
      Franklin's crew had turned to cannibalism in their final desperation. Their epic story of determination and loss now had the taint of our darkest taboo.
      Johnson's urine tested positive for the banned steroid stanozolol and he became the first of six runners in that 100m final to be tainted by association with performance-enhancing drugs.
      adj strange and frightening
      Sheldon looks outside the office door. The corridor is bathed in an eerie glow.
      Chandler discovers eerie similarities between his life and the life of Heckles.
      The Bermuda Triangle's eerie reputation began on Dec. 5, 1945, when flight 19, a squadron of five U.S. Navy torpedo bombers, vanished into thin air during a routine training exercise.
      If you want to capture some truly eerie images this Halloween then you must master the dark arts of light and shadow.
      n[U] a mosquito-borne infectious disease of humans and other animals
      Malaria causes symptoms that typically include fever, fatigue, vomiting and headaches.
      In severe cases it can cause yellow skin, seizures, coma or death.
      The disease is transmitted by the biting of mosquitos, and the symptoms usually begin ten to fifteen days after being bitten.
      King Charles II was cured of malaria at the end of the 17th century with quinine.
      Quinine is a bitter liquid made from the bark of a tree and used in drinks or as a medicine against malaria.
      v[IT] inspect sth leisurely and casually ¶ graze
      also a noun
      If you browse in a shop, you look at things in a fairly casual way, in the hope that you might find something you like.
      The trip allows you plenty of time for browsing around the shops.
      If you browse through a book or magazine, you look through it in a fairly casual way.
      Monica was browsing through the photos.
      If you browse on a computer, you search for information in computer files or on the Internet, especially on the World Wide Web.
      A file manager or file browser is a computer program that provides a user interface to manage files and folders.
      A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web.
      If a goat, deer etc browses, it eats plants.