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      n[U] friendly behavior towards visitors ¶ food,drink,and entertainment given to customers by a company
      Mr. Plumbly also paid tribute to the work of the UN refugee agency in Tripoli and north Lebanon, and to the hospitality extended to Syrian refugees by communities there.
      Thank you all for your kindness and hospitality.
      Emphasis areas at the Master's degree level are available in NCAA Compliance, Personal Training, Olympism, Sports Psychology, Recreation Management and Hospitality Management.
      Marriott International, Inc. is an American diversified hospitality company that manages and franchises a broad portfolio of hotels and related lodging facilities.
      n[U] the amount of water vapor in the air ¶ dampness
      Humidity indicates the likelihood of precipitation, dew, or fog.
      Higher humidity reduces the effectiveness of sweating in cooling the body by reducing the rate of evaporation of moisture from the skin.
      This effect is calculated in a heat index table or humidex, used during summer weather.
      Tropical forests often have high humidity.
      There are three main measurements of humidity: absolute, relative and specific.
      Absolute humidity is the water content of air.
      Relative humidity, expressed as a percent, measures the current absolute humidity relative to the maximum for that temperature.
      Specific humidity is a ratio of the water vapor content of the mixture to the total air content on a mass basis.
      n[C] a tiny hole in the skin of people or other animals, or a similar hole on the surface of plants or rocks
      Sweat passes through the pores and cools the body down.
      Pimples form when pores become blocked with dirt.
      Your skin is like alabaster. Do you even have pores?
      A follicle is one of the small hollows in the skin which hairs grow from.
      If you pore over or through information, you look at it and study it very carefully.
      Rachel was poring over a Nora Bing's book.
      adj caused by forces that cannot be explained by science
      We use our entire faculty to come to the understanding of the world, ourselves, and everything around us. This position promotes human's strengths and rests solely on human's ability. This view, in particular, denies anything supernatural or transcendent.
      In the TV show Supernatural, there is an episode where the character Dean hums this to calm himself down on a plane.
      The universe started with a big bang from a supernatural sentient singularity - God?
      Phoebe is said to have supernatural powers and to be able to communicate with her dead mother.
      adj decayed ¶ terrible ¶ unpleasant, unkind, or dishonest
      If food, wood, or another substance is rotten, it has decayed and can no longer be used.
      The apples went rotten very quickly.
      If you describe something as rotten, you think it is very unpleasant or of very poor quality.
      The service was rotten.
      My wife's a rotten driver.
      Why are you being so rotten?
      The whole government is rotten to the core.
      I don't want your rotten money!
      If you feel rotten, you feel bad, either because you are ill or because you are sorry about something. (=awful)
      A rotten apple is a bad person who has a bad effect on all the others in a group.
      Police corruption is not just a few rotten apples.
      If you spoil someone rotten, you treat them too well or too kindly, especially a child, so that they think they should always have what they want.
      n[C] a piece of rock that burns very brightly when it enters the earth's atmosphere from space
      A meteoroid is a small particle from a comet or asteroid. A meteoroid is significantly smaller than an asteroid, ranging from small grains to 1-meter wide.
      As it enters a planet's atmosphere, and the glowing particles that it sheds in its wake is called a meteor, or colloquially a "shooting star" or "falling star".
      Many meteors appearing seconds or minutes apart, and appearing to originate from the same fixed point in the sky, are called a meteor shower.
      The root word meteor comes from Greek (suspended in the air).
      A meteorite is a piece of rock that has fallen from space and landed on the ground.
      v[T] persuade or try to persuade by pleading or flattery ¶ obtain by persistent persuasion
      If you coax someone into doing something, you gently try to persuade them to do it.
      After dinner Lily was coaxed into singing several songs.
      If you coax something such as information out of someone, you gently persuade them to give it to you.
      Excuse me? Isn't this the point where the world-weary barkeep absent-mindedly wipes down the bar and coaxes the woes out of the troubled patron?
      Rachel coaxed a smile from Emma.
      n[C] a small stone, esp one made smooth by water
      Pebbles are generally considered larger than granules (2 to 4 millimetres diameter) and smaller than cobbles (64 to 256 millimetres diameter).
      Pebbles come in various colors and textures, and can have streaks of quartz and different colored sedimentary rock.
      Pebbles are mostly smooth but, dependent on how frequently they come in contact with the sea, they can have marks of contact with other rocks or other pebbles.
      Pebbles left above the high water mark may have growths of organisms such as lichen on them, signifying the lack of contact with seawater.
      n[C] an object from the past that has been kept ¶ a part of the body or sth that belonged to a holy person
      It was the last relic of the old system.
      "Good, because I think you're a sexist, misogynist dinosaur," retorts M. "A relic of the Cold War, whose boyish charms, though wasted on me, obviously appealed to the young lady I sent out to evaluate you."
      In religion, a relic usually consists of the physical remains of a saint or the personal effects of the saint or venerated person preserved for purposes of veneration as a tangible memorial.
      Relics are an important aspect of some forms of Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Shamanism, and many other religions.
      When I was researching my book on medieval relics, Holy Bones, Holy Dust, How Relics Shaped the History of the Medieval World, Yale University Press, 2011, I decided to leave out the Shroud of Turin.
      n[C] sb who makes sculptures
      Unquestionably the greatest sculptor of the early Renaissance, Donatello (多纳泰罗) was born in Florence, though he traveled widely and was famous throughout Italy.
      A sculptor first, painter and architect second, Michelangelo was a workaholic - a melancholic, temperamental, and lonely figure.
      Bernini (贝尔尼尼) set sculpture free from its previous occupation with earthly gravity and intellectual emotion, allowing it to discover a new freedom that permitted it to move, soar, and have a visionary and theatrical quality.
      Rodin's The Thinker, original bronze cast at the Musée Rodin in Paris. (罗丹)
      Brancusi (布朗库西) is one of the seminal figures of 20th-century art with a profound influence on sculpture and design.
      v[T] eat sth hungrily or greedily ¶ read sth quickly and eagerly ¶ destroy ¶ use up all of sth
      Chandler takes a bite out of the sandwich and as he does so, Phoebe attacks the other end and starts devouring the sandwich.
      You know what's wonderful about the praying mantis? They devour their mate.
      She devoured the new Fifty Shades of Grey story.
      Flames devoured the structure in minutes.
      The job devours all my energy.
      v[I] compete with other people for sth that is difficult to get
      Chandler and Joey were vying for naming Phoebe's baby.
      As Barack Obama and Mitt Romney vie to win 270 electoral votes, the state that matters most is California.
      Six candidates are currently vying for the Democratic presidential nomination.
      The two groups of scientists are vying to get funding for their research projects.
      n[C] substance causing sleep or drowsiness ¶ drug that affects the mind
      also an adjective
      The term narcotic originally referred medically to any psychoactive compound with any sleep-inducing properties.
      When used in a legal context in the U.S., a narcotic drug is simply one that is totally prohibited, or one that is used in violation of strict governmental regulation, such as codeine or morphine.
      Statutory classification of a drug as a narcotic often increases the penalties for violation of drug control statutes.
      The 1961 Convention exercises control over more than 116 narcotic drugs.
      n[C] a competition or game in which people have to answer questions ¶ a short informal test
      v[T] ask sb a lot of questions
      Chandler took the quiz, and it turned out, he did put career before men.
      Alexander Trebek had hosted numerous quiz shows.
      Joey is in Monica and Chandler's future house, sitting in a child's bedroom, looking at a quiz card which has "12+6=" printed on one side.
      Four men have been quizzed about the suicide, but no one has yet been charged.
      v[T] dislike and have a low opinion of sb/sth
      The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge but fools despise wisdom and instruction.
      He is despised by everyone. In turn, he despises everyone, except for his daughter Yuzuki.
      And he became despised by Milton Friedman when he chose not to embrace Friedman's economic ideology.
      I was a cynical and cunning child despising my teachers and hating my home.
      v[IT[ cut grass using a machine
      Will you mow the lawn already!
      The soldiers were mown down by machine gun fire.
      John Rowland was employed by Gabrielle and Carlos Solis as a gardener. He didn't just mow their lawn.
      He began mowing grass and fixing lawnmowers while still attending Florence's McClenaghan High School.
      n[C] a small sharp pointed growth on the stem of a plant
      In plant morphology, thorns, spines, prickles, and in general spinose structures (as spinose teeth, spinose apical process) are all hard structures with sharp, stiff ends, generally with the same function of physically deterring animals from eating the plant material.
      In common language the terms are used more or less interchangeably, but in botanical terms, thorns are derived from shoots (so they can be branched or not, they can have leaves or not, and they arise from a bud), spines are derived from leaves (the entire leaf or some part of the leaf that has vascular bundles inside, like the petiole or a stipule), and prickles are derived from the epidermis (so they can be found anywhere on the plant, and don't have vascular bundles inside so they can be removed more easily and cleanly than thorns and spines).
      According to three of the canonical Gospels a woven crown of thorns was placed on the head of Jesus during the events leading up to the Crucifixion of Jesus.
      It's called the Born Again Boat Ride. Christian Quarterly gave it their highest rating, five thorny crowns. I do wish you'd come with me, Sheldon.
      A throne is the seat of state of a potentate or dignitary, especially the seat occupied by a sovereign on state occasions; or the seat occupied by a pope or bishop on ceremonial occasions.
      v[T] keep or intend sth for a particular purpose
      n[C] a quality or feature that is typical of sb/sth
      Well, Mon, I've been saving this money for six years and I kinda had some of it earmarked for the future, not just for, a party.
      "I'd like to buy a scone." "Oh, I'm sorry, we're out. We have muffins." "They sound delicious, but this money is earmarked for scones."
      Again, I should earmark two to three hours for these.
      In 1964, Kothari Committee recommended that the government earmark 6 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) but today sadly our GDP is only 3.5 percent, of which only 0.66 percent is earmarked for education.
      n[C] a small bed for a baby, cot ¶ cradle
      v[IT] copy sb's work dishonestly
      A crib is an infant bed in American English (British English: cot).
      A nativity scene or crèche is the special exhibition, particularly during the Christmas season, of art objects representing the scene of the birth of Jesus.
      Cribbage, or crib, is a card game traditionally for two players, but commonly played with three, four, or more, that involves playing and grouping cards in combinations which gain points.
      A box crib or cribbing is a temporary wooden structure used to support heavy objects during construction, relocation, vehicle extrication and urban search and rescue.
      My script is largely cribbed from the film, yet rearranged.
      adj spread over a wide area ¶ not clear or easy to understand; using a lot of words
      also a verb
      The organization is large and diffuse.
      Rachel's writing is diffuse and difficult to understand.
      If something diffuses light, it causes the light to spread weakly in different directions.
      To diffuse or be diffused through something means to move and spread through it.
      Oxygen diffuses from the lungs into the bloodstream.
      If something such as knowledge or information is diffused, or if it diffuses somewhere, it is made known over a wide area or to a lot of people.
      Their ideas diffused quickly across Europe.
      To diffuse a feeling, especially an undesirable one, means to cause it to weaken and lose its power to affect people.
      Ross tried to diffuse Rachel's anger but all to no avail.
      adj relating to emotions instead of reason ¶ making people experience feelings of sadness, sympathy, love, etc
      Don't say that I have no sentiment! This is a movie stub from our first date! This is an eggshell from the first time you made me breakfast in bed! This is from the museum the first time we... were together. Ok, maybe I exchange gifts sometimes, but I keep the things that matter!
      I kept the condom purely for sentimental reasons.
      I have so many possessions that I keep around for sentimental value.
      Such data are especially useful when making an offer on a foreclosed home that's been repossessed by a bank, where you won't have to deal with touchy issues like a seller's sentimental attachments to his home.
      You use cloying to describe something that you find unpleasant because it is much too sweet, or too sentimental.
      v[IT] touch or stroke sb lightly, esp at sensitive parts, so as to cause a slight tingling sensation ¶ feel such a sensation
      also a noun
      When you tickle someone, you move your fingers lightly over a sensitive part of their body, often in order to make them laugh.
      Ross pinned his cousin down and tickled her till her cried.
      If something tickles you or tickles, it causes an irritating feeling by lightly touching a part of your body.
      Mommy, this blanket tickles.
      If a fact or a situation tickles you, it amuses you or gives you pleasure.
      The gang were tickled pink to see Joey on TV.
      I've got a tickle in my throat.
      n[U] a feeling of not being satisfied
      This process has led to a visceral type of dissatisfaction with the current direction of our country.
      According to a CEB survey, 70% of IT executives expressed dissatisfaction with their roadmapping activities.
      These include disease, disability, discomfort, dissatisfaction, and destitution.
      The 1958 elections, reflecting public dissatisfaction with Eisenhower administration policies, shifted thirteen Senate seats -- a record number -- from Republican to Democratic control.
      adj not thinking about the possible bad effects of your actions
      "Really? Just casually strew about in that reckless haphazard manner?" "Doesn't matter, I'll get 'em tomorrow. Or, not... Whenever."
      Still, it's just such reckless spending.
      Compare these words: careless, considerate, daredevil, heady, rash, reckless, thoughtless, and whim.
      I'm finding your reckless nonchalance regarding the check-engine light to be very troubling.
      Look, I know you think I'm being reckless, and you might be right, but I need to take this shot.
      n[U] goods transported by ships, aeroplanes, or trains
      v[T] carry goods on a vehicle
      This company specialized in brokering and delivering railroad freight, mostly smaller packages that required much less than a full box car for transportation.
      If not the pipeline, then it will come via freight trains.
      A semi-trailer truck is a large vehicle that consists of a towing engine, known as a tractor in the United States and truck in many other places, attached to one or more semi-trailers to carry freight.
      More recently California-based Mobile Solar freighted 6 units to Japan immediately after the Fukushima disaster, providing communications and battery charges to workers struggling to rebuild.
      The slave ship Zong, Captain Collingwood, from Africa, freighted with slaves for Jamaica, in 1781, was visited with a dreadful mortality among the slaves.