LearnTest 1Test 2Test 3Up

      in`still
      in'stil
      v[T] introduce by gradual, persistent efforts
      -
      The most effective way to manipulate people is to instill guilt and fear, while leaving no time, no space, no money, no health, no opportunity for any dangerous competition to rise.
      We'll instill in them that dreams really do come true.
      The experience of the early middle Ages had instilled in the English people a deep aversion to the professional army.
      I am American born and raised by hard working parents who instilled in me early to love the USA, honor the flag, and respect the office of President.
      Compare these words: implant, instill, and distill.
      =
      al`lude
      ə'lu:d
      v[I] mention sth or sb indirectly, refer
      -
      The ultimate question, which you allude to, is how will public service journalism be funded.
      I wonder whether the Pope will allude to the situation tomorrow.
      In many places, the Qur'an alludes to the fact that the earth is flat and its mountains are like poles which create a balance so that the Earth does not tilt.
      In season five he alluded that Dan has had feelings for Blair all along and that in season one he was the only one who went to her (previously never mentioned) essay contest to support her.
      =
      sham`poo
      ʃæm'pu:
      n[UC] a hair care product that is used for cleaning hair ¶ when sb washes your hair using ~
      also a verb
      -
      The goal of using shampoo is to remove the unwanted build-up without stripping out so much sebum as to make hair unmanageable.
      Try this new perfumed anti-dandruff shampoo.
      Rachel went to the hairdressers for a shampoo and set (when someone washes your hair and then dries it so that it has a particular style).
      "What smells so good?" "Is it the shampoo? It's guava."
      Hair drier, no, no, no, but shampoo and conditioners, yes, yes, yes.
      The carpets will be shampooed, the external concrete pressure cleaned and the windows polished inside and out, with the spaces around the building including the planter boxes filled up with greenery.
      =
      pee
      pi:
      v[I] pass liquid waste from your body =urinate
      n[U] the action or liquid =urine
      -
      Come on! You guys can pee standing up.
      Have I got time to go for a pee before we leave?
      I need a pee really badly. My bladder is exploding.
      Do you have to go tinkle (=pee)?
      All you want is a tinkle, what you envy's a schwang, a thing through which you can tinkle, or play with, or simply let hang.
      =
      in`sti`tu`tion`al`ize
      insti'tju:ʃənəlaiz
      v[T] make into, treat as, or give the character of an institution to
      -
      While Facebook didn't invent this costly recruiting practice, it has institutionalized it more than any other company.
      I remain suspicious of formal attempts to institutionalize these things.
      How do we institutionalize security force assistance into the Army's regular force structure, and make the related experience and skill set a career-enhancing pursuit?
      Inconsistent with Japan's national imperatives to institutionalize a successful socio-technological transformation into a "digital information society," in 2005 the state unanimously passed legislation to preserve and promote traditional print text culture.
      =
      tint
      tint
      n[C] shade, hue
      v[T] slightly change the color of sth
      -
      In color theory, a tint is the mixture of a color with white, which increases lightness, and a shade is the mixture of a color with black, which reduces lightness.
      A tone is produced either by the mixture of a color with gray, or by both tinting and shading.
      Mixing a color with any neutral color (including black, gray and white) reduces the chroma, or colorfulness, while the hue remains unchanged.
      It is common among some artistic painters to darken a paint color by adding black paint-producing colors called shades, or to lighten a color by adding white-producing colors called tints.
      The paint we're using for the bathroom is white with a yellow tint.
      Her comments were tinted with sarcasm.
      =
      dis`grace
      dis'greis
      n[U] loss of honor, respect, or reputation ¶ shame
      v[T] make people stop respecting you by doing sth very bad
      -
      You know, I hate to lecture you guys, but it's kinda disgraceful, that a group of well-educated adults, and Joey, can't name all the states. You ever see a map, or one of those round, colorful things called "a globe?" Hmm?
      The education system is a national disgrace.
      He rightly pointed out that 23 million Americans out of work or underemployed is a national disgrace and it's time for a change.
      His actions brought disgrace on the country.
      It's a disgrace that the government spends so much on guns and so little on education.
      Amy was able to make a rhesus monkey cry like a disgraced televangelist.
      =
      ce`les`ti`al
      si'lestʃəl
      adj relating to the sky or heaven
      -
      These are angular measures like latitude and longitude respectively, but refer to positions on an imaginary celestial sphere.
      The Earth's rotation makes the celestial sphere appear to move.
      Many myths are stories of ancestral heroes, associated with specific totems, tribes, or clans as well as myths of creation, the sun, moon, and other celestial objects.
      Mini-AstroViewer is an easy-to-use Java applet which shows the positions of the celestial bodies in the night sky for any location on the globe at any time of the year (Javascript must be enabled in your browser for the program to function).
      =
      mis`con`duct
      mis'kandʌkt
      n[U] unacceptable or immoral behavior by sb in a position of authority or responsibility
      -
      The findings of professional misconduct against Duvall include hugging a patient, asking a seven-year-old patient, her mother and grandmother to sit on his lap, refusing to provide a patient with emergency service when a temporary crown he had placed earlier that day was lost and failing to comply with the terms of an agreement he had with the college.
      Last night, Dr Rowan Wilson was found guilty of serious misconduct but was ruled fit to practice as he had shown remorse and insight into the errors he was "highly unlikely to repeat".
      I was told that due to my blatant gross misconduct, I wasn't trusted to be in the office while senior management weren't there, and it was suggested I should work from home and work hard to redeem myself.
      I drafted a letter stating the implications of gross misconduct (accessing porn at work, being drunk on the job) and asked to be informed of which I had committed.
      Compare misconduct and scandal.
      =
      doc`tor`ate
      'dɔktərit
      n[C] a university degree of the highest level
      -
      She has a doctorate in physics from Oxford.
      She was awarded a doctorate in physics.
      She received her doctorate in physics in 2008.
      A student intending to teach and conduct sociological research will most likely need a master's or a doctorate degree.
      Sheldon entered college at the age of eleven, and at age fourteen he graduated from college summa cum laude.
      From then he worked on his doctorate, was a visiting professor at the University of Heidelberg in Germany, and was the youngest person at the time to receive the Stevenson Award.
      Of the three, Sheldon is openly dismissive of Howard and constantly opines that a Master's degree in engineering demonstrates a lesser intellect than that of the others, who all possess science doctorates.
      =
      as`sas`sin`ate
      ə'sæsineit
      v[T] kill sb famous or important
      -
      Smith was assassinated in June, five months before any votes were cast.
      Famous Democrat Presidents have been Franklin Roosevelt, who pioneered the New Deal in America and stood for 4 terms, John F. Kennedy, who was assassinated in Office, Bill Clinton, and Nobel Peace Prize winners Barack Obama and Jimmy Carter.
      He was later assassinated by an agent of the Rothschild Bank.
      He also said that Mr Yamadayev had previously attempted to assassinate him by poisoning his personal lake.
      =
      egg`plant
      'egplænt
      n[UC] a large vegetable with smooth purple skin, also called aubergine, melongene
      -
      It has several common names; in American and Canadian English it is called eggplant, in British English aubergine.
      It is known in South Asia, Southeast Asia and South Africa as brinjal.
      Other common names are melongene, garden egg, or guinea squash.
      The fruit is widely used in cooking, most notably as an important ingredient in dishes such as moussaka and ratatouille.
      As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to both the tomato and the potato.
      Cut the eggplant in lengthwise slices.
      Sprinkle slices with salt and let sit for 15 to 30 minutes.
      Cook eggplant slices on grill pan 3 minutes per side, or until tender.
      =
      strand`ed
      'strændid
      adj stuck
      -
      Susan leaves Carol stranded alone.
      Joey hangs up the phone and strands Ross in the bathroom.
      Leonard, all our lives we have dreamed of finding ourselves inside one of the fantasy worlds we love. And look at us. At this moment, we are, in fact, a Star Trek landing party stranded in an alien and unforgiving environment, relying only on our wits, our fortitude and our moxie.
      Nearby on Interstate 40, between 20 to 30 cars were stranded due to flooding rains.
      You wouldn't want to be stranded here forever, would you?
      =
      mam`moth
      'mæməθ
      n[C] a type of large hairy elephant with tusks which no longer exists
      adj enormous, gigantic
      -
      Ice Age is a family friendly film that shows the adventures of a sloth named Sid, a mammoth named Manny and a few other animals when the earth was being flooded with glaciers.
      The animals are trying to avoid the ice age by migrating south, except for Manny, a woolly mammoth who is heading north.
      Manny is depressed about being the last mammoth alive and his family, which has been killed in by humans, but is surprised when he encounters Ellie, a female mammoth who believes she is an opossum and Crash and Eddie's adoptive sister.
      It is a pretty mammoth task but if enough people get on board then its definitely doable.
      =
      hem
      hem
      n[C] the bottom edge of sth such as a dress or curtain that is folded and sewn in place
      v[IT] fold the edge of a piece of cloth and sew it in place
      -
      A hem in sewing is a garment finishing method, where the edge of a piece of cloth is folded narrowly and sewn to prevent unravelling of the fabric.
      There are many different styles of hems of varying complexities.
      The most common hem folds up a cut edge, folds it up again, and then sews it down.
      The style of hemming thus completely encloses the cut edge in cloth, so that it cannot unravel.
      Chandler, come on. We have to hem the new dust ruffle.
      If a place is hemmed in by mountains or by other places, it is surrounded by them.
      If someone is hemmed in or if someone hems them in, they are prevented from moving or changing, for example because they are surrounded by people or obstacles.
      You can hem and haw all day about what web host to choose if you want. (be hesitant and indecisive)
      =
      im`pede
      im'pi:d
      v[T] hinder, hamper
      -
      "We're actually scanning equations and getting good results." "Oh, well then, by all means, carry on. I wouldn't wanna impede your progress."
      This panic has impeded Obama's recovery measures.
      It offers a proven plan for bridging the gap between CEOs and CIOs that has, until now, impeded their ability to work together in order to craft objectives, establish budget guidelines, and develop metrics for measuring IT value and success.
      The crab bit Heracles in the heel and further impeded his attack.
      =
      in`flux
      'inflʌks
      n[C] a mass arrival or incoming
      -
      I lived in downtown San Jose during the influx of impoverished Vietnamese refugees.
      This huge influx of settlers, who were known in Canada and England as the United Empire Loyalists, marked the first major wave of immigration by English-speaking settlers since the days of New France.
      There are different times of the year with a massive influx of tourism, both domestic and international.
      This period also saw a large influx of foreign immigrants, mainly traders or Buddhist missionaries from Central Asia.
      =
      an`guish
      'æŋgwiʃ
      n[U] extreme unhappiness caused by physical or mental suffering
      -
      My soul is in anguish.
      Dr. Carmack points out that the anguish of the Latin American countries is reflected in the fact that between 1980 and 1990 they paid $418 billion in interest on the original loans of 80 billion.
      This award-winning film portrays the anguish of the final violent days of 18th century Scotland's struggle for independence.
      It took a special person to be able to endure the mental anguish and physical anguish and suffering he had to go through.
      This could cause them some anguish of relearning.
      =
      skep`tic
      'skeptik
      n[C] sb who has doubts about things that other people think are true or right
      -
      Skepticism or scepticism is generally any questioning attitude towards knowledge, facts, or opinions/beliefs stated as facts, or doubt regarding claims that are taken for granted elsewhere.
      However, the stunning discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole in 1985 proved the skeptics wrong.
      Of course, skeptics can dismiss such stories because no one can prove them.
      Sceptics argued that no such scheme had ever proved successful.
      Events since the elections had proved the skeptics right.
      People say it can cure colds, but I'm a bit of a sceptic.
      He has managed to convince even the skeptics.
      =
      diz`zy
      'dizi
      adj having a whirling sensation and a tendency to fall
      -
      "How do you feel?" "Uh, a little woozy, but basically ok."
      Sitting for a long period of time then standing up will most likey get you a head rush, a rush of dizzyness.
      I got a head rush from standing up to fast right there.
      "What's the matter?" "I'm getting dizzy."
      Compare these words: dizzy, giddy, and lightheaded.
      "You okay?" "A little dizzy. Must be the Benadryl. Switch places with me."
      If you say that someone has reached the dizzy heights of something, you are emphasizing that they have reached a very high level by achieving it.
      You can use dizzy to describe a woman who is careless and forgets things, but is easy to like.
      Beijing buzzes from dawn to dusk at a dizzy pace.
      =
      de`riv`a`tive
      di'rivətiv
      n[C] sth which has been developed or obtained from sth else
      adj not new or invented
      -
      Priya's currently helping set up a secondary derivative market which would allow overseas car firms to hedge their investments against potential advancements in battery technology.
      The derivatives market is the financial market for derivatives, financial instruments like futures contracts or options, which are derived from other forms of assets.
      In finance, a derivative is a contract that derives its value from the performance of an underlying entity.
      Heroin is a derivative of morphine.
      If by "holy smokes" she mean a derivative restatement of the kind of stuff you can find scribbled on the wall of any men's room at MIT, sure.
      "Penny thinks I'm too smart for her. That's ridiculous." "I know. Most of your work is extremely derivative. And don't worry, that's not a secret. Everybody knows."
      It fails as drama, science fiction, and it's hopelessly derivative.
      =
      ma`jes`ty
      'mædʒisti
      n[U] the greatness and dignity of a sovereign ¶
      -
      Majesty is an English word derived ultimately from the Latin maiestas, meaning greatness, and used as a style by many monarchs, usually kings or emperors.
      Where used, the style outranks [Royal] Highness.
      You use majesty in expressions such as Your Majesty or Her Majesty when you are addressing or referring to a King or Queen.
      Their Majesties, King Albert II and Queen Paola were present.
      If something has majesty, it causes admiration and respect for its beauty.
      2 Minute Vacation: Enjoy the Majesty of the Swiss Alps
      =
      re`it`e`rate
      ri:'itəreit
      v[T] repeat, restate
      -
      If you reiterate something, you say it again, usually in order to emphasize it.
      In his lecture, he will reiterate his grave concern about Syria.
      Do not feed the bears, let me reiterate, do not feed the bears.
      Obama often reiterates his firm commitment to Israel's security while supporting a two-state solution with borders based on 1967 lines.
      The judge reiterated that the death was "an accident," while the victim's family insists she was purposefully run over.
      =
      ta`boo
      tə'bu:
      n[C] an action or word avoided for religious or social reasons
      also an adjective
      -
      A taboo is a vehement prohibition of an action based on the belief that such behavior is either too sacred or too accursed for ordinary individuals to undertake, under threat of supernatural punishment.
      The term "taboo" comes from the Tongan tapu or Fijian tabu ("prohibited", "disallowed", "forbidden"), related among others to the Maori tapu, Hawaiian kapu, Malagasy fady. Its English use dates to 1777 when the British explorer James Cook visited Tonga.
      Sigmund Freud posited that incest and patricide were the only two universal taboos and formed the basis of civilization.
      However, although cannibalism, in-group murder, and incest are taboo in the majority of societies, modern research has found exceptions for each and no taboo is known to be universal.
      That answer is taboo in presidential politics, partly because it would force candidates to admit that they can't really see the future of energy technology, and partly because any talk of ending subsidies would be anathema to industries along both paths.
      It's wrong. It's naughty. It's taboo.
      Oh, no, of course. I understand. You're afraid the world isn't ready for your taboo love. Your secret's safe with me.
      Transsexuals are no longer taboo.
      =
      throb
      θra:b
      v[I] produce a strong, regular beat
      also a noun
      -
      Wait, did you get to the part about his 'huge throbbing pens'? Tell ya, you don't wanna be around when he starts writing with those!
      Elevated heart rate, moist palms, dry mouth and localized vascular throbbing.
      It was the usual horrific pain - my left eye throbbed, my whole head felt as though it was in a vice.
      My head throbbed, as if a small, hard machine was rotating inside my brain.
      His heart throbbed loud and quick.
      Each nerve in her body throbbed and at that moment she honestly knew how much she loved this man.
      =
      $