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      feud
      fju:d
      n[C] an argument which has existed for a long time between two people or groups, causing a lot of anger or violence
      v[I] continue quarrelling for a long time, often in a violent way
      -
      A feud, referred to in more extreme cases as a blood feud, vendetta, faida, beef, clan war, or private war, is a long-running argument or fight, often between social groups of people, especially families or clans.
      Feuds begin because one party (correctly or incorrectly) perceives itself to have been attacked, insulted or wronged by another.
      Intense feelings of resentment trigger the initial retribution, which causes the other party to feel equally aggrieved and vengeful.
      The dispute is subsequently fuelled by a long-running cycle of retaliatory violence.
      This continual cycle of provocation and retaliation makes it extremely difficult to end the feud peacefully.
      Feuds frequently involve the original parties' family members and/or associates, can last for generations and may result in extreme acts of violence.
      The Montague-Capulet feud is from Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet.
      The neighboring states are feuding over the rights to the river.
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      pro`fi`cien`cy
      prə'fiʃənsi
      n[U] a good standard of ability and skill
      -
      Nick's proficiency with computers is well-known.
      It said in the job ad that they wanted proficiency in at least two languages.
      Beginning with those seeking admission to Fall 2013, international graduate applicants must demonstrate English-language proficiency by submitting either TOEFL or IELTS scores.
      Only two groups of students do not need to prove proficiency in English: a) Applicants that are a native English speaker and completed secondary education in any one of the following countries: Canada, USA, UK, Ireland, New Zealand, Australia; b) Applicants that have completed their bachelor education in any one of the aforementioned countries.
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      beet
      bi:t
      n[UC] a vegetable that sugar is made from ¶ a plant with a round dark red root that you cook and eat as a vegetable
      -
      The beetroot is the taproot portion of the beet plant, also known in North America as the table beet, garden beet, red or golden beet, or informally simply as the beet.
      Other than as a food, its uses include food coloring and as a medicinal plant.
      Many beet products are made from other Beta vulgaris varieties, particularly sugar beet.
      The usually deep purple roots of beetroot are eaten either boiled, or roasted as a cooked vegetable, cold as a salad after cooking and adding oil and vinegar, or raw and shredded, either alone or combined with any salad vegetable.
      A large proportion of the commercial production is processed into boiled and sterilised beets or into pickles.
      In Eastern Europe, beet soup, such as borscht, is a popular dish.
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      ar`bi`tra`tion
      a:bi'treiʃən
      n[U] the judging of a dispute between people or groups by sb who is not involved
      -
      Arbitration, a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), is a technique for the resolution of disputes outside the courts.
      The parties to a dispute refer it to arbitration by one or more persons (the "arbitrators", "arbiters" or "arbitral tribunal"), and agree to be bound by the arbitration decision (the "award").
      A third party reviews the evidence in the case and imposes a decision that is legally binding on both sides and enforceable in the courts.
      The dispute is going to arbitration.
      Other forms of ADR include mediation (a form of settlement negotiation facilitated by a neutral third party) and non-binding resolution by experts.
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      a`nom`a`ly
      ə'nɔməli
      n[CU] sth unusual, unexpected, or different from what normally happens
      -
      Subaru is an anomaly in the auto business for a couple of reasons.
      Mount Diablo is a geologic anomaly located approximately 30 miles east of San Francisco.
      SpaceX and NASA are currently investigating an anomaly that occurred with one of Falcon 9's first-stage engines during the launch.
      According to the raw data, January 1950 had an anomaly of -0.469.
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      mop
      mɔp
      n[C] an object with a long handle and a mass of thick strings or a SPONGE on one end, used for washing floors ¶ a lot of thick messy hair
      v[IT] wash a floor with a wet mop ¶ wipe
      -
      A mop (such as a floor mop) is a mass or bundle of coarse strings or yarn, etc., or a piece of cloth, sponge, or other absorbent material, attached to a pole or stick.
      It is used to soak up liquid, for cleaning floors and other surfaces, to mop up dust, or for other cleaning purposes.
      A mop in a bucket with its dryer
      If you mop a surface such as a floor, you clean it with a mop.
      If you mop sweat from your forehead or mop your forehead, you wipe it with a piece of cloth.
      If someone has a mop of hair, they have a lot of hair and it looks rather untidy.
      If you mop up a liquid, you clean it with a cloth so that the liquid is absorbed.
      If you mop up something that you think is undesirable or dangerous, you remove it or deal with it so that it is no longer a problem.
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      es`teem
      i'sti:m
      n[U] a feeling of respect for sb, or a good opinion of sb
      v[T] respect and admire sb/sth
      -
      Although I don't hold fast food in high esteem, but I don't demonize it either.
      He said he still held the BBC "in great esteem".
      She had earned the esteem of everyone in the town.
      She was held in the highest esteem by all who know her.
      We would like to offer you this gift as a token of our esteem.
      I esteem it a privilege to address such a distinguished audience.
      In sociology and psychology, self-esteem reflects a person's overall emotional evaluation of his or her own worth.
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      aug`ment
      ɔ:g'ment
      v[T] increase the value, amount, effectiveness etc of sth
      -
      All right. I'm moving my infantry division augmented by battalion of orcs from Lord of The Rings. We flanked the Tennessee volunteers, and the north once again wins the Battle of Gettysburg.
      Good morning, Mrs Latham. Well, yes, of course I remember you. A woman well past her prime seeking to augment her social status by doling out her late husband's ill-gotten gains.
      In addition to the name, Xbox will feature augmented reality, Kinect 2.0, directional or 3D audio capabilities, and a radical new innovative controller of some sorts.
      In 1982 the British coinage was augmented with a 20 pence and a pound which were not matched by similar coins in the Irish system.
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      wreck`age
      'rekidʒ
      n[sU] the parts of a vehicle or building that remain after it has been severely damaged ¶ the destruction of sb's relationship, life, hopes, etc
      -
      The crash left wreckage spread over a wide area.
      Firemen managed to pull some survivors from the wreckage.
      Accident investigators will examine the wreckage.
      The wreckage has now been cleared from the motorway.
      Ross was still clinging to the wreckage of his failed marriage.
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      de`fi`ance
      di'faiəns
      n[U] refusal to obey a person or rule
      -
      We have heard that Iran is a nuclear menace in defiance of the international community.
      In defiance of the United Nations, Iraq has stockpiled biological and chemical weapons.
      The owners, therefore, are in direct defiance of the judge's decision.
      Defiance is a 2008 World War II era film written, produced, and directed by Edward Zwick, and set during the occupation of Belarus by Nazi Germany.
      Katniss, in an act of defiance against the Capitol, retrieves highly poisonous berries known as "nightlock" from her pouch and offers some to Peeta.
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      crim`son
      'krimzən
      adj dark purple-red in color
      v[I] blush
      -
      Crimson is a strong, deep red color, inclining to purple.
      The name is now sometimes also used as a generic term for slightly reddish-blue colors that are between red and rose.
      The color pink has a hue code of 350, placing it directly within the range of crimson colors. Thus, the color "pink" is actually a pale tint of crimson.
      With a hue code of 350, the color "cardinal" may be considered a shade of crimson.
      Newborn vampires are known for having incredible strength as well as brilliant crimson eyes.
      Compare these words: brown, crimson, maroon, and scarlet.
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      char
      tʃa:
      v[IT] burn sth so that its outside becomes black, scorch
      also a noun
      -
      Burned by the British in 1814, the President's House was reconstructed and the charred sandstone walls repainted the white for which it is named by 1817, when James Monroe moved in with his family.
      When I looked up, I saw his partially charred body hung by the neck from a limb with the wire we used to close the box.
      Video from Gaza showed the charred and mangled wreckage of a car belching flames, as emergency crews picked up what appeared to be body parts.
      Char is the solid material that remains after light gases (e.g. coal gas) and tar have been driven out or released from a carbonaceous material during the initial stage of combustion, which is known as carbonization, charring, devolatilization or pyrolysis.
      Compare asphalt, charcoal and tar.
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      out`spo`ken
      aut'spəukən
      adj spoken without reserve, candid
      -
      Some church leaders have been outspoken in their support for political reform in Kenya.
      Rand was an outspoken supporter of capitalism and was famous for wearing a gold brooch in the shape of a dollar sign.
      The outspoken young man immediately voiced his opinions when he was given the opportunity to confront the senator about environmental issues.
      Joshua sometimes hurts others when he criticizes their work because he is too outspoken.
      Compare these words: blunt, frank, and outspoken.
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      per`pet`u`al
      pə'petʃuəl
      adj continuous, continual, or permanent
      -
      Perpetual motion is motion that continues indefinitely without any external source of energy.
      This is impossible to ever achieve because of friction and other sources of energy loss.
      A perpetual motion machine is a hypothetical machine that can do work indefinitely without an energy source.
      This kind of machine is impossible, as it would violate the first or second law of thermodynamics.
      How about the perpetual motion squad? It's beyond the laws of physics, plus a little heads-up for the ladies.
      Premenstrual syndrome (PMS), also called premenstrual tension (PMT) is a collection of emotional symptoms, with or without physical symptoms, related to a woman's menstrual cycle.
      The "Democracy" scheme invented by the British destroyed the Ottoman Empire, eliminated Muslim power in India, partitioned Iraq, bifurcated Pakistan in 1971, and pushed Afghanistan into perpetual war.
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      juic`y
      'dʒu:si
      adj full of juice, succulent
      -
      You know, I know this steak doesn't exist. I know that when I put it in my mouth, the Matrix is telling my brain that it is juicy and delicious.
      Please try to wear something appropriate. It won't help my case if the judge is busy trying to read the word Juicy scrawled across your buttocks.
      Maybe you should put on your Juicy pants again.
      If you think about it, it actually promotes a healthy uhm, body image... because... even big butts, or, uhm, juicy doubles, are-
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      out`post
      'autpəust
      n[C] a military camp that is far away from the army ¶ any distant settlement
      -
      An Outpost in civilian terms denotes an outlying frontier settlement or colony in a remote or sparsely populated location, on the frontier of civilization or on or across political boundaries of the state, far away from the home or country; and the body of people who settle here far from home but maintaining ties with their homeland remaining nationals of their home state even though they are not literally under the home state's system of government.
      A military outpost is a detachment of troops stationed at a distance from the main force or formation, usually at a station in a remote or sparsely populated location, positioned to stand guard against unauthorized intrusions and surprise attacks; and the station occupied by such troops, usually a small military base or settlement in an outlying frontier, limit, political boundary or in another country.
      Outpost is a 2008 British horror film, directed by Steve Barker and written by Rae Brunton, about a rough group of experienced mercenaries who find themselves fighting for their lives after being hired to take a mysterious businessman into the woods to locate a WWII-era military bunker.
      Once at the outpost, the men make a horrific discovery that changes the dynamics of the entire mission: the scene of a bloody and gruesome series of occultistic Nazi experiments, carried out by the SS during World War II, using reality shifting and reanimation to create invincible soldiers.
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      in`scrip`tion
      in'skripʃən
      n[C] words that are written or cut in sth
      -
      A bronze plate bearing an inscription is awarded at the Annual Conference.
      He then translated the Latin inscription on the pot thus: "Look under, and you will find better."
      A Hebrew inscription says the paintings were financed by donations in 1934.
      Here's an inscription, apparently in Diego's handwriting, preserved on the wall outside his bedroom.
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      el`o`quent
      'eləkwənt
      adj expressing what you mean using clear and effective language
      -
      I do appreciate such eloquent writing.
      Thank you for being so eloquent in your posts.
      I have seen her on television. She is an eloquent speaker.
      On Dec. 18, 1893, President Cleveland made an eloquent speech to Congress on the Hawaiian situation.
      Ability to write concise and eloquent code
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      bar`rack
      'bærək
      v[IT] shout criticism, protests, or encouragement
      -
      A barracks is a building or group of buildings where soldiers or other members of the armed forces live and work.
      "Barracks" is the singular and plural form.
      Anyone who dares to barrack the sergeant will be confined to barracks forever as punishment.
      He would like to play for the team he has barracked for all his life.
      When the Prime Minister addresses Pariament, he is barracked and interrupted.
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      as`sim`i`late
      ə'simileit
      v[IT] absorb
      -
      If you assimilate new ideas, techniques, or information, you learn them or adopt them.
      It takes the diligent and time consuming work of historians to compile and assimilate this vast storehouse of individual experiences into a readable format, and pass it on to the general reader.
      I don't see much evidence that Arab Islam can assimilate this idea right now.
      When people such as immigrants assimilate into a community or when that community assimilates them, they become an accepted part of it.
      In this formulation the political elites chose the dominant/majority community as a model of nation, while the minority/weaker communities were expected to assimilate themselves with the "mainstream" i.e. the dominant majority community.
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      em`u`late
      'emjuleit
      v[T] imitate
      -
      In computing, an emulator is hardware or software that enables one computer system (called the host) to behave like another computer system (called the guest).
      Emulation refers to the ability of a computer program in an electronic device to emulate (imitate) another program or device.
      Many printers, for example, are designed to emulate Hewlett-Packard LaserJet printers because so much software is written for HP printers.
      If a non-HP printer emulates an HP printer, any software written for a real HP printer will also run in the non-HP printer emulation and produce equivalent printing.
      The word "emulator" was coined in 1963 at IBM during development of the NPL (IBM 360) product line, using a "new combination of software, microcode, and hardware".
      They discovered that using microcode hardware instead of software simulation, to execute programs written for earlier IBM computers, dramatically increased simulation speed.
      Earlier, IBM provided simulators for, e.g., the 650 on the 705.
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      a`brupt
      ə'brʌpt
      adj sudden and unexpected ¶ curt, brusque
      -
      The bus came to an abrupt halt.
      Our conversation came to an abrupt end when George burst into the room.
      The road ended in an abrupt slope down to the sea.
      No, we haven't spoken since your abrupt departure last night caused us to forfeit to Stuart and his dastardly ringer Wil Wheaton.
      I'm sorry, that was a little abrupt.
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      squeak
      skwi:k
      v[IT] make a short, high noise ¶ scrape
      n[C] squeal
      -
      If something or someone squeaks, they make a short, high-pitched sound.
      Hey! Don't make Monica squeak again!
      Monica's boots squeaked a little as she walked.
      To squeak through or squeak by means to only just manage to get accepted, get included in something, or win something.
      Rachel just squeaked through her math test.
      Phoebe brought the car to a stop with a squeak of tires.
      The door opened with a squeak.
      Compare screech, shriek, squawk, and squeak.
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      cul`prit
      'kʌlprit
      n[C] sb who charged with an offense or crime, offender
      -
      Police hope the public will help them to find the culprits.
      When you are talking about a problem or bad situation, you can refer to its cause as the culprit.
      And the major culprit in that health crisis is the failure of the American people to engage in a consistent fashion in healthy behaviors.
      The culprits are not teachers, admnistrators, parents or policy makers; we are all products of the machine.
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      ram`pant
      'ræmpənt
      adj existing, happening, or spreading in an uncontrolled way
      -
      If something bad, such as crime or disease, is rampant, there is a lot of it and it is very difficult to control.
      Pickpocketing is rampant in the downtown area.
      The tales of rampant corruption at city hall under Tremblay's reign have cast a nightmare pall over his administration, and over Montreal's image in the eyes of the world.
      With all the death and rape threats running rampant, including sexual harassment, how are we going to convince women, people of color, minorities, Muslims, Christians, Hindus, whoever, that our outlook on life is truly reasonable and worthy of looking into?
      Compare rampant, rife, and widespead.
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