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      bliz`zard
      'blizəd
      n[C] a large winter storm
      -
      A blizzard is a severe snowstorm characterized by strong sustained winds of at least 56 km/h (35 mph) and lasting for a prolonged period of time - typically three hours or more.
      A ground blizzard is a weather condition where snow is not falling but loose snow on the ground is lifted and blown by strong winds.
      In the United States, the National Weather Service defines a blizzard as a severe snowstorm characterized by strong winds causing blowing snow that results in low visibilities.
      While severe cold and large amounts of drifting snow may accompany blizzards, they are not required.
      Blizzards can bring whiteout conditions, and can paralyze regions for days at a time, particularly where snowfall is unusual or rare.
      Blizzard Entertainment, Inc. is an American video game developer and publisher founded on February 8, 1991, under the name Silicon & Synapse by three graduates of the University of California, Los Angeles, Michael Morhaime, Allen Adham and Frank Pearce, and is currently a subsidiary of American company Activision Blizzard.
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      mar`i`time
      'mæritaim
      adj marine, or near the sea
      -
      Holland, like England, was a maritime country and relied heavily on trade.
      Welcome Aboard! Visit the historic vessels at San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park and USS Pampanito submarine museum & memorial at Fisherman's Wharf and discover your connection to San Francisco's maritime heritage.
      The Coast Guard's broad responsibilities include protecting citizens from the sea (maritime safety), protecting America from threats delivered by the sea (maritime security), and protecting the sea itself (maritime stewardship).
      The Coast Guard's persistent presence in the maritime domain, due to its diverse mission sets and broad legal authorities, allows it to fill a unique niche within the Intelligence Community.
      Because of its unique access, emphasis, and expertise in the maritime domain Coast Guard Intelligence can collect and report intelligence that not only supports Coast Guard missions, but also supports national objectives.
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      rav`age
      'rævidʒ
      v[T] damage sth very badly
      -
      Rome was ravaged by savages.
      Fifteen years of civil war had ravaged the country.
      Dropping nearly 1,700 tons of bombs, the war planes ravaged much of the capital city, completely burning out 16 square miles and destroying a quarter of a million structures.
      On Monday August 29, Hurricane Katrina ravaged New Orleans, Louisiana and Missisippi.
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      spa`ghet`ti
      spə'geti
      n[U] a long, thin, cylindrical, solid pasta
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      Like other pasta, spaghetti is made of milled wheat and water.
      Italian spaghetti is made from durum wheat semolina, but elsewhere it may be made with other kinds of flour.
      Originally spaghetti was notably long, but shorter lengths gained in popularity during the latter half of the 20th century and now spaghetti is most commonly available in 25–30 cm (10–12 in) lengths.
      Macaroni is a variety of dry pasta in the shape of narrow tubes, originating from Italy, made with durum wheat, usually without egg.
      Lasagne (singular lasagna) are wide, flat-shaped pasta, and possibly one of the oldest types of pasta.
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      i`on
      'aia:n
      n[C] an atom or molecule in which the total number of electrons is not equal to the total number of protons
      -
      Ions can be created, by either chemical or physical means, via ionization. In chemical terms, if a neutral atom loses one or more electrons, it has a net positive charge and is known as a cation.
      An ion consisting of a single atom is an atomic or monatomic ion; if it consists of two or more atoms, it is a molecular or polyatomic ion.
      The word ion is the Greek ἰόν, ion, "going", the present participle of ἰέναι, ienai, "to go".
      This term was introduced by English physicist and chemist Michael Faraday in 1834 for the then-unknown species that goes from one electrode to the other through an aqueous medium.
      Faraday also introduced the words anion for a negatively charged ion, and cation for a positively charged one.
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      glar`ing
      'gleəriŋ
      adj shining too brightly ¶ obvious
      -
      Reading in the glaring light hurts your eyes.
      I'm perplexed, disappointed, and very concerned about this glaring omission.
      There's one glaring problem with this new conspiracy theory, though.
      I'm also terrified of finding monstrous, glaring errors in the text.
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      an`ec`dote
      'ænikdəut
      n[C] a short story based on your personal experience
      -
      An anecdote is a short and amusing but serious account, which may depict a real/fake incident or character.
      Anecdotes can be as brief as the setting and provocation of a bon mot (well-chosen word(s), particularly a witty remark).
      An anecdote is always presented as based in a real incident involving actual persons, whether famous or not, usually in an identifiable place.
      However, over time, modification in reuse may convert a particular anecdote to a fictional piece, one that is retold but is "too good to be true".
      Sometimes humorous, anecdotes are not jokes, because their primary purpose is not simply to evoke laughter, but to reveal a truth more general than the brief tale itself, or to delineate a character trait in such a light that it strikes in a flash of insight to its very essence.
      Compare anecdote and memoir.
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      up`heav`al
      ʌp'hi:vəl
      n[UC] a very big change that often causes problems
      -
      There have been massive upheavals in the telecommunications industry.
      The company underwent a massive upheaval after the takeover.
      Having a baby will mean the greatest upheaval in your life.
      It would cause a tremendous upheaval to install a different computer system.
      Moving house is a major upheaval.
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      e`qui`lib`ri`um
      i:kwi'libriəm
      n[U] state of being balanced ¶ a state in which you are calm and not angry or upset
      -
      Equilibrant Force is a force which brings equilibrium state.
      It is considered to be the equal and opposite of the resultant force.
      Equilibrant force is the force, which keeps any object motion less and acts on virtually every object in the world that is not moving.
      Rachel lost her usual equilibrium and shouted at Ross angrily.
      She paused to take four deep breaths to restore her equilibrium.
      Yoga is said to restore one's inner equilibrium.
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      fend
      fend
      v[I] make an effort to resist
      v[T] ward off
      -
      If you have to fend for yourself, you have to look after yourself without relying on help from anyone else.
      The kids had to fend for themselves while their parents were away.
      If you fend off unwanted questions, problems, or people, you stop them from affecting you or defend yourself from them, but often only for a short time and without dealing with them completely.
      Chandler uses his secretary to fend off unwanted phone calls.
      If you fend off someone who is attacking you, you use your arms or something such as a stick to defend yourself from their blows.
      The police officer fended off the blows with his riot shield.
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      shroud
      ʃraud
      n[C] an item, such as a cloth, that covers or protects some other object
      v[T] cover or hide sth
      -
      The term is most often used in reference to burial sheets, mound shroud, grave clothes, winding-cloths or winding-sheets, such as the famous Shroud of Turin or Tachrichim (burial shrouds) that Jews are dressed in for burial.
      Traditionally, mound shrouds are made of white cotton, wool or linen, though any material can be used so long as it is made of natural fibre.
      The Shroud of Turin or Turin Shroud (Italian: Sindone di Torino) is a length of linen cloth bearing the image of a man who appears to have suffered physical trauma in a manner consistent with crucifixion.
      It is believed by some to be the burial shroud of Jesus of Nazareth, despite radiocarbon dating tests dating it to the Medieval period.
      The truth about the incident remains hidden beneath a shroud of secrecy.
      Solar eclipses were shrouded in superstition in ancient times.
      Fog shrouded parts of the California coast between San Francisco and Los Angeles.
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      has`sle
      'hæsəl
      n[CU] argument, fight, or trouble
      v[T] annoy sb, esp by asking them many times to do sth
      -
      It's such a hassle not having a washing machine.
      Changing trains with all that luggage was a real hassle.
      Getting there in the bad weather was a huge hassle.
      I can't face the hassle of moving house again.
      I hate to cause you any hassle, are you sure it's OK?
      I started to get all this hassle from my boss about increasing productivity.
      I should have taken it back to the shop but I just didn't think it was worth the hassle.
      Compare harass, hassle, and nag.
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      ac`quit
      ə'kwit
      v[T] officially that sb is not guilty of the crime they were accused of, exonerate ≠convict
      -
      One high profile example is the 1997 civil action taken by the families of Ronald Goldman and Denise Brown against O.J. Simpson, who was previously acquitted of their murders in criminal court, but was held liable for those deaths by after a civil trial.
      Defended by John Adams, Preston was fully acquitted.
      If you acquit yourself well or admirably in a particular situation, other people feel that you have behaved well or admirably.
      Our young men in Vietnam have not only acquitted themselves in an outstanding manner during combat operations.
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      de`note
      di'nəut
      v[T] mean, represent, or indicate
      -
      In algebra, the sign x usually denotes an unknown quantity.
      The magnitude of this free fall acceleration is denoted by the symbol g.
      The term ' Institute' denotes that the place is not only for treatment but also for research and training.
      A red or flushed face in a pregnant woman also denotes that the child she bears is a female.
      If a word connotes something, it makes you think of qualities and ideas that are more than its basic meaning.
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      mis`con`cep`tion
      miskən'sepʃən
      n[UC] a wrong belief or opinion as a result of not understanding sth, fallacy
      -
      He had the misconception that all items offered at a bank were FDIC insured.
      A major misconception is that the U.S. economy is dependent on Middle Eastern oil.
      There is a common misconception among fans and people having worked in a particular field that non-experts are not qualified to comment on their work.
      We hope our work will change popular misconceptions about cancer.
      One of the common misconceptions many job seekers have, especially recent graduates, is that a degree automatically means more money or a certain amount of it.
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      ter`mi`nol`o`gy
      tə:mi'nɔlədʒi
      n[UC] the technical words or expressions that are used in a particular subject
      -
      I'm still a bit confused by the terminology you use.
      When you find words and terminology that are difficult to understand, refer to the University Vocabulary webpage for definitions.
      Not being able to understand medical terminology in Japanese was the biggest barrier.
      The Companies Act 2008 creates new terminology for the categories of companies.
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      twin`kle
      'twiŋkl
      v[I] shine with a light that changes constantly from bright to faint
      also a noun
      -
      If lights or stars twinkle, they become brighter then weaker in a way that is not steady or continuous.
      Twinkle twinkle little star, how I wonder what you are?
      If you say that someone's eyes twinkle, you mean that their face expresses good humor or amusement.
      Her eyes twinkled with amusement.
      You have a smile and a twinkle in your eye that I will never forget.
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      pru`dent
      'pru:dənt
      adj sensible and careful, esp by trying to avoid unnecessary risks
      -
      Also, because life is unpredictable, it is always prudent to have some resources stashed in a safe place (money in a savings account, food/clothing in a basement).
      If Romney wants to run a fiscally prudent and well-managed country, his GOP model should be Eisenhower, not Bush.
      The Republican Party, commonly referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States.
      It might be prudent for the president to allocate some PR time to disarm the fears and concerns that are already abound in the newest campus.
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      bo`tan`i`cal
      bə'tænikəl
      adj of or relating to plants or plant life
      -
      Simply put, modern botanical gardens are scholarly places for the research and conservation of plants.
      Botanical gardens are crucial in this age of biodiversity crisis.
      Like anything else however, botanical slimming comes with its own batch of side-effects.
      Botanicals are drugs which are made from plants.
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      in`di`spen`sa`ble
      indi'spensəbəl
      adj essential
      -
      It is as indispensable to the brain as vitamin D is to the body.
      Atlas Shrugged is a thrilling and, in my view, nearly indispensable part of courses on economics and government.
      The use of companies has come to be regarded as indispensable for the conduct of business, whether large or small.
      Placing a price on carbon is indispensable in the climate-change fight and strengthening co-operatives would help farmers harness new energy resources.
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      isle
      ail
      n[C] island
      -
      Grand Isle is a town in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, located on a barrier island of the same name in the Gulf of Mexico.
      The Isle of Wight is a county and the largest and second most populous island of England.
      The history of the Isle of Wight includes a brief period of time as an independent kingdom in the 15th century.
      Emerald Isle is the poetic name for Ireland due to its green countryside, first referred to in print by William Drennan in his poem "When Erin first rose".
      Emerald Isle is a town in Carteret County, North Carolina, United States
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      bland
      blænd
      adj not having a strong or interesting taste
      -
      The best food for people with the stomach flu virus is bland food that can be easily digested.
      Bland food and terrible service.
      If you describe someone or something as bland, you mean that they are rather dull and unexciting.
      Don't make a bland (=dull) and boring website.
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      pam`phlet
      'pæmflit
      n[C] a very thin book with a paper cover
      -
      A pamphlet is an unbound booklet (that is, without a hard cover or binding).
      It may consist of a single sheet of paper that is printed on both sides and folded in half, in thirds, or in fourths (called a leaflet), or it may consist of a few pages that are folded in half and saddle stapled at the crease to make a simple book.
      In order to count as a pamphlet, UNESCO requires a publication (other than a periodical) to have "at least 5 but not more than 48 pages exclusive of the cover pages"; a longer item is a book.
      The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN).
      Common Sense is a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine in 1775–76 that inspired people in the Thirteen Colonies to declare and fight for independence from Great Britain in the summer of 1776.
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      ter`res`tri`al
      tə'restriəl
      adj of or living on land ¶ of the planet earth
      -
      The research also identified a stark difference between terrestrial and marine mammals.
      They inhabit almost all terrestrial and aquatic environments.
      Terrestrial television is a type of television broadcasting in which the television signal is transmitted by radio waves to the TV receiver from a terrestrial (Earth based) transmitter, a television station, and received with an antenna.
      The term "terrestrial" is used to distinguish this type from the newer technology of satellite television (direct broadcast satellite or DBS television), in which the television signal is transmitted to the receiver from an overhead satellite, and cable television, in which the signal is carried to the receiver through a cable.
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      at`las
      'ætləs
      n[C] a book of maps
      -
      An atlas is a collection of maps; it is typically a map of Earth or a region of Earth, but there are atlases of the other planets (and their satellites) in the Solar System.
      Furthermore atlases of anatomy exist, mapping out the human body or other organisms.
      Atlases have traditionally been bound into book form, but today many atlases are in multimedia formats.
      In addition to presenting geographic features and political boundaries, many atlases often feature geopolitical, social, religious and economic statistics.
      In Greek mythology, Atlas was the primordial Titan who held up the celestial spheres.
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