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      n[C] a phrase or idea that is boring because people use it a lot and it is no longer original
      A cliché or cliche is an expression, idea, or element of an artistic work which has become overused to the point of losing its original meaning or effect, even to the point of being trite or irritating, especially when at some earlier time it was considered meaningful or novel.
      You know, giving really is better than receiving. Oh, I used to think it was such a cliche, but it seems to be the- oh, look at these cute jeans someone just threw away.
      It's a movie that gives the cliche "heartwarming" a good name.
      Yes I know that's a Hollywood cliche.
      It's an old cliche, but it's true.
      adj very great or impressive
      Kiki, you look phenomenal. I mean, you've lost like a ton of weight.
      But, see, I wanted it to be this phenomenal kiss that happened at this phenomenal moment, because, well, 'cause it's you.
      Right. But, see, the longer I waited, the more phenomenal the kiss had to be, and now we've reached a place where it's just gotta be one of those things where I just like... sweep everything off the table and throw you down on it.
      Yeah, I'm just, I'm just in town for a conference. Umm, God, y-you look ph-phenomenal!
      "Really?! You think so? You know, I had just rolled right out of bed." "Yeah? Well you look phenomenal."
      adj behaving in an uncontrolled way because you are extremely excited, afraid, or upset ¶ hilarious
      Oh really, so that hysterical phone call I got from a woman sobbing at three AM, "I'll never have grandchildren, I'll never have grandchildren." was what? A wrong number?
      Janice laughs hysterically for no reason.
      Monica is outside the window mouthing something and crying hysterically.
      They spilt into their sexes and the girls read Monica's and the guys read Chandler's. The girls gasp and groan and the guys laugh hysterically.
      Chandler told us a hysterical story.
      Hysteria, in its colloquial use, describes unmanageable emotional excesses.
      adj serious and without any amusement
      Her body was taken in solemn procession to Westminster Abbey, where she was buried with her son Alfonso's heart; the queen's own heart was given to the Dominicans of London, and her viscera were buried at Lincoln Cathedral.
      A solemn promise is one that is made very seriously and with no intention of breaking it.
      I trust Penny will adhere to the Official California Restaurant Workers' Solemn Oath of Ethics and Cleanliness.
      We have a solemn responsibility to provide our veterans and wounded warriors with the care and benefits they've earned when they come home.
      v[T] be the cause of a situation or feeling
      Like most government bureacracies, budget cuts always engender a doom and gloom response.
      A depressed mother may engender a solicitous child.
      This methodology, linking learner and community, develops civic responsibility in the learner, engenders self-motivation, promotes active learning, and encourages personal reflection.
      The events of the last few days have engendered both anger and sadness in me.
      adj able to accept what other people say or do even if you do not agree with it ¶ able to survive or operate in difficult conditions
      If you describe someone as tolerant, you approve of the fact that they allow other people to say and do as they like, even if they do not agree with or like it.
      He's pretty tolerant of my faults.
      If a plant, animal, or machine is tolerant of particular conditions or types of treatment, it is able to bear them without being damaged or hurt.
      These trees are tolerant of salt sea winds.
      adj unsure ¶ uncertain ¶ unlikely ¶ dubious
      If you are doubtful about something, you feel unsure or uncertain about it.
      England coach Andy Flower remains doubtful of Kevin Pietersen's chances of being selected for the T20 World Cup.
      If it is doubtful that something will happen, it seems unlikely to happen or you are uncertain whether it will happen.
      It was doubtful whether the patient would survive the operation.
      Already the whole scheme was looking increasingly doubtful.
      It is extremely doubtful that anyone survived the explosion.
      If you say that something is of doubtful quality or value, you mean that it is of low quality or value.
      Here the tap water is of doubtful quality.
      adv certainly
      Because the enemy will doubtless be able to break your guard and counterattack whenever he feels like, you'll be easily knocked out the ring by him, while he can simply decide not to be hurt by your attacks.
      There will doubtless be a few surprises along the way.
      It's always a feast for the eyes, and will doubtless be a lesson in Irish history as well.
      The use of Greek rather than Hebrew is doubtless due to the Epistle being intended.
      n[C] guarantee
      In contract law, a warranty has various meanings but generally means a guarantee or promise which provides assurance by one party to the other party that specific facts or conditions are true or will happen.
      Although a warranty is in its simplest form an element of a contract, some warranties run with a product so that a manufacturer makes the warranty to a consumer with which the manufacturer has no direct contractual relationship.
      A warranty may be express or implied, depending on whether the warranty is explicitly provided (typically written) and the jurisdiction.
      Warranties may also state that a particular fact is true at one point in time or that the fact will be continue into the future (a "promissory" or continuing warranty).
      Warranties provided in the sale of goods (tangible products) vary according to jurisdiction, but commonly new goods are sold with implied warranty that the goods are as advertised.
      Used products, however, may be sold "as is" with no warranties.
      In the United States, various laws apply, including provisions in the Uniform Commercial Code which provide for implied warranties.
      However, these implied warranties were often limited by disclaimers.
      adj having a rough or pointed edge or surface
      The jagged peaks of the mountains that had long been Afghanistan's teeth against foreign invaders could no longer protect the old trading capital of Kabul from the swirl of political and conservative religious ideologies unleashed by the Cold War.
      In the distance, beyond the choppy blue waters, lay the jagged edges of Cape Finisterre.
      We decided to climb the steep and jagged rocks and take in the view from the top.
      This month he travelled north and inland from Barcelona past the jagged outline of the Montserrat.
      adj very fat, grossly overweight
      In Western countries, people are considered obese when their body mass index (BMI), a measurement obtained by dividing a person's weight by the square of the person's height, exceeds 30 kg/m2, with the range 25-30 kg/m2 defined as overweight. Some East Asian countries use stricter criteria.
      Why not, just because his great-grandmother was obese, our kids are gonna get that from you anyway!
      Hey, my snow-white American friends, let's put some cow meat on the barbecue and eat it until we're all obese.
      My name is Howard. I can make your hair into diamonds. My mom is morbidly obese. Everybody love me.
      Wait, if Howard's mother is coming, then you should also steal marbles. Because she's obese, and hippos are obese, and in the popular board game Hungry Hungry Hippos, they eat marbles.
      adj done publicly, without trying to hide anything
      After all, we are still British, and we don't like these overt displays of affection.
      If you go a bit further out, the overt signs of poverty are much more explicit there.
      The first overt act of terrorism was probably the assassination of the Mayor of Jaffna in 1975.
      No national politician here can even dream of getting elected into office without showing overt support for Israel.
      Covert and overt are antonyms.
      v[T] seize control of a vehicle
      also a noun
      On September 11, 2001, 19 men hijacked four airplanes and used them to murder nearly 3,000 people.
      The auction is posted with a hijacked eBay account.
      A plane was hijacked with the stated intention of the hijacker to crash it into the White House.
      The American election system has been hijacked by foreigners and Obama is a pawn in their campaign to bring America to her knees.
      My wife was sitting on the aisle and whispered: "It's a hijack.''
      adj rigidly set, as in a mode of behavior
      If you describe someone as hardened, you mean that they have had so much experience of something bad or unpleasant that they are no longer affected by it in the way that other people would be.
      Smith was not a killer, nor a hardened criminal.
      Pieter Swanepoel broke into the civil engineer's home, tied him up, stabbed him and beat him in an attack that shocked even hardened police officers.
      I tell you it would melt the heart of the most hardened banker.
      You see all sorts of terrible things when you're a nurse so you become hardened to it.
      n[CU] a strong feeling that you like and understand sb/sth ¶ a connection between two or more similar things
      In law and in cultural anthropology, affinity, as distinguished from consanguinity (blood relationship), is the kinship relationship that exists between two or more people as a result of somebody's marriage.
      In English, affinity is usually signified by adding "-in-law" to the degree of kinship. This can also be applied to an uncle-in-law, aunt-in-law, niece-in-law or nephew-in-law.
      Affinity marketing is a concept that consists of a partnership between a company and an organization that gathers persons sharing the same interests (known as an affinity group) to bring a vaster consumer base to the opposite party.
      Affinity analysis is a data analysis and data mining technique that discovers co-occurrence relationships among activities performed by (or recorded about) specific individuals or groups.
      Affinity fraud includes investment frauds that prey upon members of identifiable groups, such as religious or ethnic communities, language minorities, the elderly, or professional groups.
      Processor affinity, or CPU pinning enables the binding and unbinding of a process or a thread to a central processing unit (CPU) or a range of CPUs, so that the process or thread will execute only on the designated CPU or CPUs rather than any CPU.
      n[U] the process of growing crops or plants ¶ the deliberate development of a particular relationship, quality or skill
      Horticulture is the branch of agriculture that deals with the art, science, technology, and business of plant cultivation.
      It includes the cultivation of fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, herbs, sprouts, mushrooms, algae, flowers, seaweeds and non-food crops such as grass and ornamental trees and plants.
      It also includes plant conservation, landscape restoration, landscape and garden design, construction, and maintenance, and arboriculture.
      Terraces for rice cultivation covered the hillsides.
      These fields have been under cultivation for years.
      The articles from our site linked below provide you with a good overview of the cultivation and relationship-building process
      v[T] make sth that is smooth uneven ¶ offend or upset sb slightly
      n[C] a fold that decorates a piece of clothing
      A breeze ruffled the surface of West Lake.
      Don't ruffle my hair, I've just combed it.
      Chandler's sharp comments had ruffled Joey's pride.
      He's easily ruffled by criticism.
      adj using very few words in a way that seems rude ¶ abrupt, brusque
      His words were curt, but I felt no hint of anger in them.
      Beckett acknowledged her presence with a curt nod, then turned to the actors and went to work.
      The sender received a curt response from the intended recipient.
      Judging by the terse and curt response of the sales manager, you know that there's really no customer service.
      v[IT] spurt
      n[C] spurt
      When liquid gushes out of something, or when something gushes a liquid, the liquid flows out very quickly and in large quantities.
      Joey takes the plastic container to his mouth and starts to drink. Most of the milk gushes from the bottle down his chin and over his clothes to the floor.
      Blood was gushing from his nose.
      If someone gushes, they express their admiration or pleasure in an exaggerated way.
      "Simon's just sexy," she gushes.
      A gush of liquid is a sudden, rapid flow of liquid, or a quantity of it that suddenly flows out.
      I stood up from where I had been sitting and had a gush of bright red blood which flooded my pad.
      n[C] a structure set up across a route of access to obstruct the passage of an enemy
      also a verb
      Barricade, from the French barrique (barrel), is any object or structure that creates a barrier or obstacle to control, block passage or force the flow of traffic in the desired direction.
      Adopted as a military term, a barricade denotes any improvised field fortification, most notably on the city streets during urban warfare.
      Barricades also include temporary traffic barricades designed with the goal of dissuading passage into a protected or hazardous area or large slabs of cement whose goal is to actively prevent forcible passage by a vehicle.
      Stripes on barricades and panel devices slope downward in the direction traffic must travel.
      There are also pedestrian barricades - sometimes called bike rack barricades for their resemblance to a now obsolete form of bicycle stand, or police barriers.
      The closed New York Stock Exchange is barricaded with sand bags during the arrival of Hurricane Sandy on October 29, 2012 in New York City.
      n[C] an asymmetrical gait used at high speeds by quadrupedal organisms such as the gait seen in the horse
      also a verb
      When a horse gallops, it runs very fast so that all four legs are off the ground at the same time.
      If you gallop a horse, you make it gallop.
      If you gallop, you ride a horse that is galloping, or run somewhere very quickly.
      A gallop is a ride on a horse that is galloping.
      If you do something at a gallop, you do it very quickly.
      Compare canter, gallop, and trot.
      A jockey is someone who rides horses in horse racing or steeplechase racing, primarily as a profession.
      adj imposing rigorous standards of performance ¶ severe
      A stringent law, rule, standard etc is very strict and must be obeyed.
      The Fourth Amendment applies to public school employees, but a less stringent standard prevails.
      To meet these stringent latency requirements, it was imperative for us to avoid routing requests through multiple nodes.
      Stringent economic conditions exist when there is a severe lack of money and strict controls on the supply of money.
      As we shall see in the case of Jamaica and particularly in Guyana, stringent economic conditions in both these countries have left little room for manoeuvering or increasing output in the public and state sectors.
      v[T] tell off
      Keep a lookout. This place is swarming with campus security. They will not hesitate to scold us.
      No. That's it. I am calling campus security. You prepare for the scolding of your life.
      She understands them, forgives them and sometimes scolds them, all with a huge heart.
      He has being scolded many times for pasting them too slow.
      The situation recalls a scolded student being forced to write a half-hearted apology on the chalkboard.
      n[sU] almost complete darkness ¶ a feeling of great sadness and lack of hope
      Gloom is a low level of light which is so dim that there are physiological and psychological effects.
      Human vision at this level becomes monochrome and the place then seems dull and depressing.
      People describe light conditions as gloomy when the rods in their eyes take over from the cones and so their vision becomes shades of grey as they lose their color vision.
      Be prepared for more doom and gloom (when there seems to be no hope for the future).
      The European sovereign debt crisis isn't helping the market gloom.
      The social unrest, economic gloom and austerity in Europe today mirrors one of the greatest crises in British history.
      Compare bleak, gloom, gloomy, glum, and loom.
      n[C] a god or goddess
      In religious belief, a deity is a supernatural being, who may be thought of as holy, godly, or sacred.
      Some religions have one supreme deity, while others have multiple deities of various ranks.
      Deities are depicted in a variety of forms, but are also frequently expressed as having human form.
      Deities are often thought to be immortal, and are commonly assumed to have personalities and to possess consciousness, intellects, desires, and emotions comparable but usually superior to those of humans. A male deity is a god, while a female deity is a goddess.
      Mars and Venus were the ancient Roman deities of war and love.