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      adj fixed or controlled by law
      Statutory Minimum Wage (SMW) has come into force since 1 May 2011.
      With effect from 1 May 2013, the SMW rate is revised from $28 per hour to $30 per hour.
      In the United States, statutory rape is the crime committed by an adult when they have sex with someone who is under the age when they can legally agree to have sex.
      She's below the statutory age for school attendance.
      n[U] a yellow chemical element with a strong smell
      Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
      Sulfur occurs naturally as the pure element (native sulfur) and as sulfide and sulfate minerals.
      Sulfur is referred to in the Bible as brimstone (burn stone) in English, with this name still used in several nonscientific tomes.
      Sulfur is an essential element for all life, and is widely used in biochemical processes.
      Sulfuric acid is a highly corrosive strong mineral acid.
      v[IT] join or become joined by twining together
      The trees' branches intertwined to form a roof over the path.
      The vines are intertwined to make a wreath.
      The towels were embroidered with Ross and Rachel's intertwined initials.
      The problems of crime and unemployment are closely intertwined.
      The story itself is split into two tales, one following Aragorn, Gandalf and company as they work to stop the wizard Saruman from taking over the kingdom of Rohan, and one following Frodo and Sam on their quest into Mordor to destroy the Ring of Power.
      The novel tells their stories separately, while the film intertwines the narratives, keeping both plots chronologically together.
      Compare intertwine, interweave, and twine.
      n[C] a very small thin branch from a shrub or tree
      A twig is a small thin terminal branch of a woody plant.
      There are two types of twig, vegetative twigs and fruiting spurs.
      We collected dry twigs to start the fire.
      He broke off a twig from a willow tree and used it to shoo the flies away.
      The sharp sound of a twig snapping scared the badger away.
      n[C] a fixed point or pin that sth turns or balances on
      also a verb
      The pivot is the point of rotation in a lever system, or more generally, the center point of any rotational system.
      The pivot in a situation is the most important thing which everything else is based on or arranged around.
      In financial markets, a pivot point is a price level that is used by traders as a predictive indicator of market movement.
      If something pivots, it balances or turns on a central point.
      If you pivot something, you turn or balance it on a central point.
      Many modern video cards offer digital screen rotation capabilities. But in order for it to be used correctly, a special rotating display is required that is designed to be pivoted.
      "Oh yeah it will! Come on, up! Up-up-up! Up! Yes! Here we go! Pivot! Pivot! Piv-ot! Piv-et! Piv-ett!! Piv-et!" "Shut up! Shut up! Shut up!"
      If you pivot, you turn quickly on your feet so that you face in the opposite direction.
      She pivots gracefully on the stage.
      If X pivot on/around Y, X depends completely on Y.
      The whole discussion pivots on this one point.
      n[U] contempt or disdain
      also a verb
      Sheldon looked at Penny with scorn.
      "Why do you always pour scorn on my suggestions?" asked Penny.
      My boss had nothing but scorn for my ideas.
      Interviewees are often scorned by interviewers nowadays.
      Compare ridicule, scold, and scorn.
      n[CU] an exercise machine that has a moving surface
      A treadmill is a device generally for walking or running while staying in the same place.
      Treadmills were introduced before the development of powered machines, to harness the power of animals or humans to do work, often a type of mill that was operated by a person or animal treading steps of a treadwheel to grind grain.
      More recently treadmills are not used to harness power, but as exercise machines for running or walking in one place.
      Rather than the user powering the mill, the machine provides a moving platform with a wide conveyor belt driven by an electric motor or a flywheel.
      The belt moves to the rear requiring the user to walk or run at a speed matching that of the belt.
      Because of the intense cold and snow, Minnesota long distance runners often use treadmills during the winter.
      You can refer to a task or a job as a treadmill when you have to keep doing it although it is unpleasant and exhausting.
      There were days when child-rearing seemed like an endless treadmill of feeding, washing and nappy-changing.
      v[IT] feel or search about for sth as one does in the dark
      also a noun
      If you grope for something that you cannot see, you try to find it by moving your hands around in order to feel it.
      Leonard groped for his glasses on the bedside table.
      If you grope your way to a place, you move there, holding your hands in front of you and feeling the way because you cannot see anything.
      He groped towards the door.
      If you grope for something, for example the solution to a problem, you try to think of it, when you have no real idea what it could be.
      Scientists are groping blindly after the secrets of the universe.
      If one person gropes another, they touch or take hold of them in a rough, sexual way.
      I was alleged to have groped her in the cinema - but it didn't happen.
      Compare fiddle, fumble, and grope.
      v[T] give money back to sb
      also a noun
      So you're asking us to refund your donation to the children?
      What do you mean it's not refundable? Can I just come some other time?
      When they went on business to Daviyani, Maldives, the office refunded their expenses.
      If you are not satisfied with the goods, the price will be refunded in full to you promptly.
      You see, the danger was that I might under- or over-reciprocate, but I have devised a foolproof plan. I will open her gift to me first and then excuse myself, feigning digestive distress. Then, I'll look up the price of her gift online, choose the basket closest to that value, give it to her, and then I'll return the others for a full refund.
      I must say, Howard, I think a detailed letter to MIT describing your current circumstances might entitle you to a refund on your Master's degree.
      Compare refund and reimburse.
      n[C] an exact copy of sth
      I made a 1:5 scale replica of Captain Cook's ship, 'The Endeavour'.
      A teacher guided a group toward a full-scale replica of the massive Saturn V rocket that brought America to the moon.
      Fossils and life-sized replicas of other Ice Age animals and examples of their tracks and dung provide a picture of life in that era.
      The models, unlike two-dimensional X-rays, provide detailed, 3-D replicas of the treatment area.
      It gives you the right to rule England.
      It would be a replica of a movie prop.
      Fair enough. It'd give you the right to rule a replica of England.
      He said this isn't a replica. It's the real deal.
      If you're suggesting that that is the actual ring of power forged by Sauron in Mount Doom, I look at you with an expression of exhaustion and ever so slight amusement.
      v[IT] apply with short poking strokes ¶ tap gently, pat
      n[C] a small amount ¶ a quick light pat
      Well, like anything can be sexy. Like umm, oh! Ok, like this, like this dishtowel! (She grabs it and starts rubbing it on her cheek.) Ooh, ooh, this feels sooo good against my cheek! And-and if I get a little hot, I can just dab myself with it. Or I can bring it down to my side and maybe run it through my fingers while I talk to him.
      Oh, sweetie. Haemorrhoids acting up again?
      You don't know the half of it.
      Oh, yes, I do. Try a dab of this.
      Rose-scented Preparation-H for women?
      Now, the H is for Her.
      How are you doing?
      Sitting pretty.
      She dabbed her nether yayeh with a towel.
      She wiped the cream away with a dab of a towel.
      "The Miller's Tale" is the second of Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales.
      v[T] tear down completely
      To demolish something such as a building means to destroy it completely.
      A number of houses were demolished so that the supermarket could be built.
      A storm moved directly over the island, demolishing buildings and flooding streets.
      In 1156, al-Aziz Uthman, son of Saladin, tried to demolish one of the Giza pyramids.
      If someone demolishes something, they eat all of it very quickly.
      Joey demolished an enormous plateful of sausages and chips.
      If you demolish someone's ideas or arguments, you prove that they are completely wrong or unreasonable.
      With the Sonata 2.0T, Hyundai demolishes the notion that high fuel economy entails low performance.
      Compare abolish and demolish.
      v[T] attack sb, esp a child, sexually
      He was found guilty of molesting a young girl.
      The man had previously been arrested several times for molesting young girls.
      I've never been sexually molested as a child or adolescent.
      It's the men who have, for centuries, molested, assaulted, attacked, and raped them.
      v[IT] bite at gently and repeatedly
      also a noun
      You're a lucky man. You know what I miss the most about her? That cute nibbly noise she makes when she eats, like a, like a happy little squirrel, or a weasel.
      Erica starts nibbling Joey's hand.
      The apartment. Wyatt and Leonard are playing Wii fishing. "Oh! I think I got a nibble."
      Our house was on the market for six months and there wasn't a single nibble.
      All these expenses are nibbling away at our savings.
      "Whoa! You just bit my tongue!" "I, I nibbled. I was being playful."
      Go away! Sheldon is nibbling on my... (Rolls the dice) 14! Yes!
      Compare nibble, nipple, and tit.
      adj dark and difficult to see through ¶ complicated and difficult to understand, obscure ¶ involving dishonest or illegal activities that are kept secret, shady
      Squids live in the murky depths of the sea but can see tiny movements of light caused by a sperm whale moving through the water at a freakish 120 metres away, tests have revealed.
      The worst shark attacks tend to be in murky water, where the shark does not get a good idea what's in front of it.
      And now we wade into the murky waters of the international transfer agreements and locked out NHL (National Hockey League) players.
      In the murky world of international conspiracy and espionage, your enemies are not always who you think they are.
      They started investigating his murky past and his even murkier methods.
      "No, no, no don't! Stop cleansing my aura! No, just leave my aura alone, ok?" "Fine! Be murky!"
      Muddy Waters Research Group is a privately held due diligence based equity research company that identifies overseas Chinese stocks that it expects to change in value by 30% or more.
      v[T] avoid, evade, or escape
      Saddam Hussein eluded capture for weeks by hiding underground.
      The gold medal continues to elude LEE Chong Wei.
      If a fact, idea, or word eludes you, you cannot remember or understand it.
      Joey recognized her panties, but her name eluded him.
      I recognize your face, but your name eludes me.
      Though a theory to explain high-temperature superconductivity still eludes modern science, clues occasionally appear that contribute to our understanding of the exotic nature of this phenomenon.
      adv to or onto the shore, onshore
      In 1846 the schooner Shark sank nearby, and a portion of her deck bearing a small cannon washed ashore in that vicinity.
      The VII Corps would put the U.S. 4th Division ashore on UTAH Beach near les Dunes de Varreville.
      In all, some 23,000 men came ashore at UTAH, at a cost for the day of 197 casualties among the ground forces.
      Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. Going ashore with the first wave, Roosevelt contributed materially to the success of his forces by personally reconnoitering the area inland from the beach.
      n[U] fine powder produced by flowers
      Pollen is a fine to coarse powder containing the microgametophytes of seed plants, which produce the male gametes (sperm cells).
      If pollen lands on a compatible pistil or female cone, it germinates, producing a pollen tube that transfers the sperm to the ovule containing the female gametophyte.
      Individual pollen grains are small enough to require magnification to see detail.
      The study of pollen is called palynology and is highly useful in paleoecology, paleontology, archeology, and forensics.
      Pollen grains from a variety of common plants can cause hay fever.
      adj made from wood or other material with a rough surface ¶ typical of the simple style of the countryside
      also a noun
      It is very rustic, but comfortable: no electricity, no phone, no internet of course.
      They all ooze rustic charm and often have big roaring fires.
      We have a very traditional rustic look to our house and we need a new dining table ideally made of wood.
      It's gonna be ok. I mean you don't need to have this rustic Italian feast. You know? And-and you don't need, this custom-made, empire waisted, duchess, satin gown; you can wear off-the-rack.
      Penny, please, I think I've evolved beyond my simple rustic upbringing.
      n[C] sb who saves sb from danger or harm
      Savior or Saviour may refer to a person who helps people achieve salvation, or saves them from something.
      The New Testament speaks of Christ as the one Saviour for all people.
      The Navy and the government were painted as heroes and saviours grappling with a difficult, desperate situation; the asylum seekers as barbaric, coldhearted animals with no regard for their children's lives.
      When will we stop sacrificing our young for these nonsense goals? When did we become the world's saviors? The Korean conflict ended in a draw, and we lost in Vietnam, and yet we are still here.
      adj marked by a lack of neatness, order, care, or precision
      "Technically we could have sex again. What do you think, bossy and domineering?!" "The wedding is off, sloppy and immature!"
      "Ross' shirt is torn." "Oh! They're late and they're sloppy!"
      If you describe someone's work or activities as sloppy, you mean they have been done in a careless and lazy way.
      And that's the kind of sloppy costuming which results from a lack of rules and competion.
      Leslie Winkle's research methodology is sloppy, she's unjustifiably arrogant about loop quantum gravity, and to make matters worse, she's often mean to me.
      The film is a sloppy (romantic in a silly or embarrassing way, =slushy) romance.
      n[C] sb who is employed to look after or take charge of goods, property, or a person
      A caretaker is a person whose job it is to look after a large building such as a school or a block of flats or apartments, and deal with small repairs to it. (American Equivalent: janitor)
      The Cleaner is an 2007 action comedy film directed by Les Mayfield and starring Cedric the Entertainer, Lucy Liu, Callum Keith Rennie and Nicollette Sheridan.
      A caretaker is a person who looks after a house or land while the person who owns it is not there.
      A caretaker government or leader is in charge temporarily until a new government or leader is appointed.
      The caretaker government of Jan Fischer had been keeping things ticking over, but pressing problems such as the country's swelling deficit remained to be dealt with.
      A caretaker is someone who is responsible for looking after another person, for example, a person who is disabled, ill, or very young.
      "Keep on roaming Bert! We don't want any crazy today!" "Is he all right there by himself?" "Oh, yeah. He has a caretaker. His older brother... Ernie."
      n[U] a condition of continuous change
      Flux is a situation in which things are changing a lot and you cannot be sure what will happen.
      My happiness level has been in a state of dramatic flux for most of the past decade, since I became an Army wife.
      The lightning enters the flux capacitor. 1955 Marty gets sent back to 1985. Doc dances with delight because the experiment was successful.
      A 60 Hz magnetic field with a flux density of one gauss will induce currents in the periphery of the body with a current density of about 100 nanoAmps per square centimeter.
      I think figure two needs to be refined to capture this seasonal flux.
      Clearly, we are in a state of flux and there is no generally agreed view of the issue.
      n[CU] a small tower or other unusual building that is built as a decoration ¶ stupidity, or a stupid action, idea etc
      In architecture, a folly is a building constructed primarily for decoration, but either suggesting through its appearance some other purpose, or merely appearing to be so extravagant that it transcends the normal range of garden ornaments or the class of building to which it belongs.
      18th century English gardens and French landscape gardening often featured Roman temples, which symbolized classical virtues or ideals. Other 18th-century garden follies represented Chinese temples, Egyptian pyramids, ruined abbeys, or Tatar tents, to represent different continents or historical eras.
      Sometimes they represented rustic villages, mills and cottages, to symbolize rural virtues.
      Many follies, particularly during famine, such as the Irish potato famine, were built as a form of poor relief, to provide employment for peasants and unemployed artisans.
      It is sheer folly to rely on Wikipedia in any work of scholarship.
      It is folly for Russians to ally with Washington's propaganda against their own government.
      Patience, patience, Barry. The whaffle- the raffle, is the grand finale to an evening-long festival of fun and folly.
      n[C] the middle part of an egg that is yellow
      The yolk is a part of an egg (or just of the egg cell in non-egg-laying animals) that feeds the developing embryo in animals.
      In whole eggs, 43% of the protein comes from the yolk.
      As a food, chicken egg yolks are a major source of vitamins and minerals.
      They contain all of the egg's fat and cholesterol, and about one-half of the protein.
      If left intact while cooking fried eggs, the yellow yolk surrounded by a flat blob of whites creates a distinctive sunny-side up form.
      Mixing the two components together before frying results in a pale yellow mass, as in omelettes and scrambled eggs.
      The white of an egg is the transparent liquid that surrounds the yellow part called the yolk.