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      adj frank
      He is unfailingly clear, cogent, and candid with his clients.
      We've always been candid with each other and I hope we will continue
      In the book I'm fairly candid about things I'd done wrong, or things I wish I'd done differently.
      Oh, I'm, I'm sorry. I assumed that you wanted candid truth-telling from your employees, but I realize now, you want the mindless nattering of complacent yes-men.
      A candid photograph of sb is natural and informal and is taken without them knowing that they are being photographed.
      n[sU] impulse, stimulus
      Something that gives a process impetus or an impetus makes it happen or progress more quickly.
      A 650-million-dollar building program begun in 1994 provided the impetus for a wide range of projects, including the complete renovation of Furnald Hall.
      What was the original impetus for starting the company?
      Military conflicts have provided the impetus for many of the innovations for treating and transporting injured people.
      The second is to use the Olympics as an impetus to build long-term infrastructure projects that would be needed with or without the games.
      n[C] the body of a dead animal ¶ the frame of an old or broken object,car,ship etc
      If Jill Goodacre offers you gum, you take it. If she offers you mangled animal carcass, you take it.
      Here's Phoebe umm, sporting uh, you know, cutting edge hairy carcass from you know, the-the steel traps of wintry Russia. I mean, you really think this looks good?
      Oh, you're so lucky. My fiancé wants the heavy metal band Carcass.
      Oh can I? Vegetarians never get to do the wishbone. It's really not fair either! You know, just 'cause we don't eat the meat doesn't mean we don't like to play with the carcasses!
      What choice did I have? The mighty Sheldor, level 85 blood elf, hero of the Eastern kingdoms, has been picked clean, like a carcass in the desert sun. Plus, the FBI hung up on me.
      Carcasses of burnt-out vehicles lined the roads near the scene of the worst fighting.
      v[IT] flow or leak out slowly
      n[U] very soft mud
      When a thick or sticky liquid oozes from something or when something oozes it, the liquid flows slowly and in small quantities.
      The ice cream was melting and oozing out of its wrapper.
      Ross is so startled that he throws his arms up to defend himself. The box takes off, then lands with a squishy thud, its contents oozing out onto the floor. Ross is not pleased.
      "It's not healed yet?" "No, it's oozing." (↗pus, mucus, phlegm)
      If you say that someone or something oozes a quality or characteristic, or oozes with it, you mean that they show it very strongly.
      Oozing charm and radiating energy, Gribbin looks as if he was cloned from Aussie comedian Will Anderson, with that same huge grin and cheeky twinkle in his eye.
      adj very sad
      n[U] sadness which lasts for a long period of time, often without any obvious reason
      I think it's less melancholy and more positive.
      The one solution that has cured depression for 3 out of the 4 depressed people I know is VIGOROUS exercise.
      The fourth depressed person I know is too attached to her melancholy and isn't willing to exercise.
      Melancholy was one of the four temperaments matching the four humours.
      Four temperaments is a proto-psychological theory that suggests that there are four fundamental personality types, sanguine (optimistic leader-like), choleric (bad-tempered or irritable), melancholic (analytical and quiet), and phlegmatic (relaxed and peaceful).
      Ancient Greek and Roman physicians and philosophers, positing that an excess or deficiency of any of four distinct bodily fluids in a person - known as humors or humours - directly influences their temperament and health.
      Painters were considered by Vasari and other writers to be especially prone to melancholy by the nature of their work, sometimes with good effects for their art in increased sensitivity and use of fantasy.
      v[T] accrue, accumulate, collect, gather
      If you amass money, knowledge, information etc, you gradually collect a large amount of it.
      The winner of that event amasses just 280 points, a result she can not rely on to surpass the Chinese player.
      Though Bain Capital surely helped expand some companies that had created jobs, the layoffs and closures at other firms would lead Romney's political opponents to say that he had amassed a fortune in part by putting people out of work.
      There will be a general and vigorous amassing of Republican force behind him.
      adj stopping and starting at intervals, sporadic
      For the past two days he has had mild, intermittent chest discomfort unrelated to exercise.
      Palestinian fighters also mounted intermittent cross-border attacks against Israel.
      The intermittent fasting is just a different way of eating.
      If you fast, you eat no food for a period of time, usually for either religious or medical reasons, or as a protest.
      Intermittent eruptions of variable intensity continued until about the middle of 1917.
      n[C] the hard part on the bottom of the feet of animals such as horses,sheep and deer
      A hoof, plural hooves or hoofs, is the tip of a toe of an ungulate mammal, strengthened by a thick, horny, keratin covering.
      The hoof consists of a hard or rubbery sole and a hard wall formed by a thick nail rolled around the tip of the toe.
      The weight of the animal is normally borne by both the sole and the edge of the hoof wall.
      Hooves grow continuously, and are constantly worn down by use.
      Most even-toed ungulates (such as sheep, goats, deer, cattle, bison and pigs) have two main hooves on each foot, together called a cloven hoof.
      Some odd-toed ungulates (equids) have one hoof on each foot; others have (or had) three distinct hoofed or heavily nailed toes, or one hoof and two dewclaws.
      If you hoof it, you walk somewhere instead of traveling in a vehicle.
      The last bus had gone so we had to hoof it home.
      Compare claw, hoof, and paw.
      v[T] give sth as an honor or present
      I pray Heaven bestow the best of blessings on this house, and on all that shall hereafter inhabit it.
      We are both humbled and elevated by the honour and privilege that you, the people of South Africa, have bestowed on us, as the first President of a united, democratic, non-racial and non-sexist government.
      In 1935 the national assembly bestowed upon Kemal the name Atatrk ("father of the Turks").
      You can not be afforded the same rights bestowed upon heterosexual couples.
      n[CU] a male singer with a high voice ¶ the general meaning or mood that sth expresses
      A tenor is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range is one of the highest of the male voice types.
      The tenor's vocal range (in choral music) lies between the C one octave below middle C and the A above middle C.
      I think you'll like it, it has two out of the three tenors.
      The Three Tenors is a name given to the Spanish singers Plácido Domingo and José Carreras and the Italian singer Luciano Pavarotti, who sang in concert under this banner during the 1990s and early 2000s.
      The term tenor is also applied to instruments, such as the tenor saxophone, to indicate their range in relation to other instruments of the same group.
      I find the general tenor of the article quite disappointing.
      Compare tenor and tenure.
      n[C] piece cut from a living plant and fixed in a cut made in another plant ¶ piece of skin, bone, etc removed from a living body and attached to another body
      also a verb
      Grafting or graftage is a horticultural technique whereby tissues from one plant are inserted into those of another so that the two sets of vascular tissues may join together.
      Grafting refers to a surgical procedure to move tissue from one site to another on the body, or from another person, without bringing its own blood supply with it.
      Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that replaces missing bone in order to repair bone fractures that are extremely complex, pose a significant health risk to the patient, or fail to heal properly.
      Skin grafting is a type of graft surgery involving the transplantation of skin.
      No, it's, it's almost done. I just, I have to find the next of kin, and send 'em the DVD and then just wait for someone with my complexion to die so I can get a skin graft.
      The transplanted tissue is called a skin graft.
      Graft means hard work.
      In politics, graft is used to refer to the activity of using power or authority to obtain money dishonestly.
      If you graft one idea or system on to another, you try to join one to the other.
      n[C] an almost solid lump
      also a verb
      A thrombus, or colloquially a blood clot, is the final product of the blood coagulation step in hemostasis.
      Then the woman's doctors discovered she had a serious blood clot in her pelvis.
      Clotted cream (sometimes called scalded, clouted, Devonshire or Cornish cream) is a thick cream made by indirectly heating full-cream cow's milk using steam or a water bath and then leaving it in shallow pans to cool slowly. During this time, the cream content rises to the surface and forms 'clots' or 'clouts'. It forms an essential part of a cream tea.
      Due to its high saturated fat content, the regular consumption of clotted cream is usually thought to be bad for health, though some dairy fat in the diet is considered beneficial.
      Compare clog and clot.
      adj oily, slippery, or smarmy
      I don't know, his uh, his hair never bothered me that much, and you know it was-was always more crunchy than it was greasy.
      The big deal is I don't want naked, greasy strangers in my apartment when I wanna kick back with a puzzle- beer! Cold beer.
      May I say, Penny, not a lot of women could look as hot as you do with such greasy hair.
      The rain's making the roads greasy.
      The greasy old fat guy in Facilities Management?
      adj disabled so that movement, esp walking, is difficult or impossible ¶ marked by pain or rigidness ¶ weak and ineffectual, poor, unsatisfactory
      v[T] cripple
      If you describe someone or something as a lame duck, you are critical of them because they are not successful and need to be helped a lot.
      If you refer to a politician or a government as a lame duck, you mean that they have little real power, for example because their period of office is coming to an end.
      God, I'm not lame, ok. I can do something. I can throw, would you let me throw, come on this is my game too.
      Oh, please, that is such a lame excuse!
      Limited seating! Oh, that is such a lame excuse! That's not the reason why she's not inviting me!
      A lame explanation or excuse is weak and difficult to believe.
      God we were lame back then. You remember how into dinosaurs we were?
      What if I meet a girl and say, "you wanna come up and see my time machine? It's at my friends' house." How lame is that?
      You mean the guy who used to host that lame kids show?
      Compare lame, limb, and limp.
      n[C] sth that happened or existed before sth else and influenced its development
      It's my understanding that an unsolicited gift of food can be a precursor to an impromptu invitation to come in and chat.
      He invented the precursor to the IRS, the Bureau of Internal Revenue, which started collecting taxes in 1862.
      RNA is thought to be the precursor to DNA.
      During the battle on Geonosis, the Separatists are seen with the plans to their new secret weapon. That weapon is the precursor to the Death Star.
      As a precursor to the original trilogy, the clone army has equipment and vehicles which resemble their later Imperial counterparts.
      n[CU] a statement that sth will happen in the future ¶ the power or act of making statements about what will happen in the future
      Prophecy is a process in which one or more messages communicated to a prophet are then communicated to others.
      The process of prophecy especially involves reciprocal communication of the prophet with the (divine) source of the messages.
      In ancient Chinese, prophetic texts are known as Chen(谶).
      The most famous Chinese prophecy is the Tui bei tu (推背圖)
      There are instances in the Gospels where individuals are described as being prophets or are prophesying.
      n[s] the foremost position in an army or fleet advancing into battle
      The vanguard (also called the advance guard) is the leading part of an advancing military formation.
      The vanguard derives from the traditional division of a medieval army into three battles or wards; the Van, the Main (or Middle), and Rear.
      The term Vanguard originates with the medieval French avant-garde, i.e. the ward in front.
      The vanguard would lead the line of march and would deploy first on the field of battle, either in front of the other wards or to the right if they stood in line.
      If someone is in the vanguard of something such as a revolution or an area of research, they are involved in the most advanced part of it.
      You can also refer to the people themselves as the vanguard.
      That evening, the vanguard of the British army reached Capitol Hill and began its systematic destruction of all public buildings in the city.
      Mobile phones appear therefore to be at the vanguard of a cultural shift where users are encouraged to constantly seek out new information and make connections with increasingly dispersed media content.
      n[C] a large strong building used for defending an important place
      Castles are fortifications which are regarded as being distinct from the generic fort or fortress in that it describes a residence of a monarch or noble and commands a specific defensive territory.
      Many military installations are known as "forts", although they are not always fortified.
      Larger forts may be called "fortresses"; smaller ones were once known as "fortalices".
      The word "fortification" can also refer to the practice of improving an area's defence with defensive works.
      City walls are fortifications but are not necessarily called fortresses.
      The Ancient Egyptians also built fortresses on the frontiers of the Nile Valley to protect against invaders from its neighbouring territories.
      n[UC] a liquid that you use to clean, improve, or protect your skin or hair
      A lotion is a low- to heavy-viscosity topical preparation intended for application to unbroken skin.[1] By contrast, creams and gels have higher viscosity.
      "Why are you rubbing your hands together?" "Um, I'm putting on lotion."
      In ninth grade, the girls put Rogaine in my hand lotion. Within six months, the nicknames began to fly. I think the one that hurt the most was Gorilla Fingers Fowler.
      Can I interest you in a topical steroid from my lotion and unguent collection?
      Look at this. Mouthwash, lotion, body wash, shampoo and conditioner together in one tiny bottle.
      Chandler's not backing down. He went to get lotion.
      Compare lotion and potion.
      n[C] pitcher
      A jug is a type of container commonly used to hold liquid. It has an opening, often narrow, from which to pour or drink, and often has a handle.
      Most jugs throughout history have been made of ceramic, glass or plastic.
      In American English usage, a jug is a large container with a narrow mouth and handle for liquids, and may be used to describe thin plastic sealed shop packaging for milk and other liquids.
      In all other English speaking countries a jug is any container with a handle and a mouth and spout for liquid, and not used for retail packaging.
      In American English "pitcher" is the usual word for wide-mouthed vessels, but all other English speaking countries these are called "jugs".
      v[IT] repair, fix ¶ heal ¶ end a quarrel
      also a noun
      It'll take a long time to mend the roof.
      I've left my watch at the jeweller's to be mended.
      Grandma used to mend our socks.
      If a broken bone mends, it becomes whole again.
      Her leg isn't mending as quickly as she'd expected.
      If you mend your ways, you improve the way you behave after behaving badly for a long time.
      If you mend (your) fences with someone, you try to become friendly with them again after you have offended them or argued with them.
      If you are on the mend, you are getting better after an illness or after a difficult period.
      I've had flu, but I'm on the mend.
      I've tried to mend matters between us, but she's still very angry.
      There's no sign of her mending her ways.
      Do you think the economy really is on the mend (improving after a difficult or unsuccessful period)?
      n[C] a low rank in the army,air force etc
      adj of or relating to the body
      Corporal is a military rank in use in some form by most militaries and by some police forces or other uniformed organizations.
      The rank of corporal nominally corresponds to commanding a section or squad of soldiers.
      However, in the United States Army, the rank of corporal is rarely used, as the Table of Organization & Equipment (TO&E) rank of a fire team leader is sergeant and that of squad leader is staff sergeant.
      In most countries which derive their military structure from the British military system, corporal is a more senior rank than that of private.
      However, in several other countries, such as Canada, Italy and Norway, corporal is a junior rank, indicating a more experienced soldier than a private, and also on a higher pay scale, but having no particular command appointment corresponding to the rank, similar to specialist in the U.S. Army.
      Corporal punishment is a form of physical punishment that involves the deliberate infliction of pain as retribution for an offence, or for the purpose of disciplining or reforming a wrongdoer, or to deter attitudes or behavior deemed unacceptable.
      n[UC] a large round fruit with sweet juicy flesh
      Although the melon is a botanical fruit (specifically, a berry), some varieties may be considered vegetables rather than fruits.
      Cantaloupe (also cantelope, cantaloup, muskmelon (India and the United States), mushmelon, rockmelon, sweet melon, honeydew, Persian melon, spanspek (South Africa), or Garmak گرمک) refers to a variety of Cucumis melo, a species in the family Cucurbitaceae.
      The Hami melon is a type of muskmelon, originally from Hami, Xinjiang.
      The Bailan melon is a locally famous type of melon grown near Lanzhou, the capital city of Gansu province in the People's Republic of China.
      In photographs, the melons appear light yellow, orange or white, with a light green or apricot yellow flesh, similar in appearance to the honeydew melon.
      In China, honeydews are known as the Bailan melon; they are a locally famous product near Lanzhou, the capital city of Gansu province in China's northwest.
      n[UC] cruel, unjust or oppressive use of power or authority, or a country under this rule
      A tyrant, in its modern English usage, is an absolute ruler unrestrained by law or constitution, or one who has usurped legitimate sovereignty.
      A tyrant usually controls almost everything, and is considered a ruler of horrible and oppressive character.
      I shall never relinquish the tools I need to defend my life from tyranny, slavery or the genocides that were so common in the 20th century.
      I'm more inspired to rebel and fight this tyranny than than ever.
      I'd have been forced long ago to submit to the tyranny of the cell phone.
      Outposts of tyranny was a term used in 2005 by United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and subsequently by others in the U.S. government to characterize the governments of certain countries as being totalitarian regimes or dictatorships.
      Tyranny is even more to be dreaded than tigers.
      Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
      v[T] spread ideas,beliefs etc widely
      Control over the information contained in that letter belongs to Howard. By happenstance, I came to know it. That doesn't give me the right to disseminate it freely.
      This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange.
      Assuming the article is written by a government employee as part of his or her official duties and the publisher does not add original, copyright protected content, then the government may reproduce and disseminate an exact copy of the published work either in paper or digital form.
      As an independent agency, the CIA collects, analyzes, and disseminates intelligence from all sources.
      Compare disseminate and propagate.