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      adj suggesting or threatening evil
      "Where are Phoebe and Joey?!" "I think there's something sinister going on mysteriously. If you find anyone or parts of anyone, scream. And scream again."
      There's something sinister about the hurry in the obtainment of the loan.
      Spider-Man: Return of the Sinister Six is a video game released for the Nintendo Entertainment System developed by Bits Studios and published by LJN in 1992.
      The Sinister Six is a group of supervillains who appear in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.
      Sin or a sin is an action or type of behavior which is believed to break the laws of God.
      I am a sinner and I need to repent of my sins.
      n[U] the equipment and systems that keep places clean, esp by removing human waste
      Sanitation is the hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes as well as the treatment and proper disposal of sewage or wastewater.
      The World Health Organization states that:
      Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces.
      Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on health both in households and across communities.
      The word 'sanitation' also refers to the maintenance of hygienic conditions, through services such as garbage collection and wastewater disposal.
      The New York City Department of Sanitation, or DSNY, is the city agency responsible for garbage collection, recycling collection, street cleaning, and snow removal.
      "Guess who?" "Eh, department of Sanitation?" "It's me! Cheryl!"
      Uh, Phoebe, uh... you're an amazing woman, and the time we spent apart was, was unbearable. Of course the sanitation strikes in Minsk didn't help.
      Find your next sanitation truck driver job and jump-start your career with Simply Hired's job search engine.
      "Umm, do health inspectors work on commission?" "No, bribes."
      n[C] sth that makes sb less likely to do sth
      To deter someone from doing something means to make them not want to do it or continue doing it.
      Deterrence theory gained increased prominence as a military strategy during the Cold War with regard to the use of nuclear weapons.
      Deterrence is a strategy intended to dissuade an adversary from taking an action not yet started, or to prevent them from doing something that another state desires.
      A credible nuclear deterrent, Bernard Brodie wrote in 1959, must be always at the ready, yet never used.
      A strong and effective strategic arsenal is still necessary as a deterrent against competitors like Russia or China.
      n[U] a situation in which people or things combine well to form a unit
      If there is cohesion within a society, organization, or group, the different members fit together well and form a united whole.
      Usually in those communities the social cohesion is much stronger and therefore people usually work together in order to get things done for that community.
      As part of the CRWG report, the RAND Corp. updated its 1993 study, which concluded that openly gay people in the U.S. military do not negatively impact unit cohesion, morale, good order or military readiness.
      High cohesion and morale in the organization are important.
      The recent Olympic games fostered national cohesion in Iran in two important ways.
      n[s] a situation in which there is not enough of sth
      It seems that the scarcity of attention is even more severe than the scarcity of funding.
      The scarcity of downtown parking forces shoppers and lunch-goers to drive around blocks trying to find any available spot.
      There's a scarcity of attorneys and the ones who get it charge at least $5k to go to court.
      The South African ecosystem is characterized by low rainfall, water scarcity, and soils susceptible to erosion.
      Compare scarcity and shortage.
      n[CU] spine ¶ courage and determination
      I like Camilla much more than Diana because Camilla has the backbone to be herself.
      The backbone of something is the most important part of something, providing support for everything else.
      U.S. government debt and its derivatives (e.g. the $5 trillion of mortgage backed securities issued by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac) are the backbone of the U.S. financial system and indeed the world financial system.
      America's small businesses are the backbone of the U.S. economy, employing tens of millions of workers.
      A backbone network or network backbone is a part of computer network infrastructure that interconnects various pieces of network, providing a path for the exchange of information between different LANs or subnetworks.
      Compare backbone and guts.
      n[s] the way sb walks
      The footprints also show that the gait of these early humans was " heel-strike " (the heel of the foot hits first) followed by " toe-off " (the toes push off at the end of the stride) - the way modern humans walk.
      By his look, he was good-natured; by his gait, he was satisfied with himself.
      Prevention in the form of better diet, better bowel habits, better exercise, better posture, gait and childbirth is likely to prevent most chronic disease over prolonged Western lifespans.
      My face is set, my gait is fast, my destination is heaven, my road is narrow, my way is rough, my companions few.
      adj extremely small
      Fertile soil, rich in organic matter and microscopic life, acts like a sponge, holding on to more water during shortages and keeping it from running off during heavy rains.
      Suddenly the font size in title bars is microscopic.
      Like liquids, air is made of microscopic particles that move in relation to one another.
      Microanatomy, the study of anatomy on a microscopic level, is also an area that would have been out of reach for Leonardo.
      Histology is the anatomical study of the microscopic structure of animal and plant tissues.
      n[C] a unit of volume that is equal to two pints
      The quart is a unit of volume (for either the imperial or United States customary units) equal to a quarter of a gallon (hence the name quart), two pints, or four cups.
      Since gallons of various sizes have historically been in use, quarts of various sizes have also existed; see gallon for further discussion.
      Three of these kinds of quarts remain in current use, all approximately equal to one litre.
      Its proper abbreviation is qt.
      1 US liquid quart = 0.946352946 litres
      1 US dry quart = 1.101220942715 litres
      1 imperial quart = 1.1365225 litres
      v[T] impart new life or vigor to
      To revitalize something that has lost its activity or its health means to make it active or healthy again.
      Compare resurrect, revive, revitalize, and vitalize.
      The third and last attempt to revitalize missionary work among the Ahtna was made in the 1930s.
      It revitalizes, nourishes, firms, tones, improves texture, adds elasticity, balances your skin (5.5 PH), and reduces discoloration and age spots.
      If the flowers are limp, they can be revitalized by floating them on icy water for a few moments.
      There were several reasons why the United States became interested in revitalizing contact between Japan and the West in the mid-19th century.
      n[U] an illness in which waste from the bowels is watery and comes out often
      Diarrhea or diarrhoea (from the Ancient Greek διάρροια from διά dia "through" and ῥέω rheo "flow") is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.
      It often lasts for a few days and can result in dehydration due to fluid loss.
      Prevention of infectious diarrhea is by improved sanitation, clean drinking water, and hand washing with soap.
      When people have diarrhea it is recommended that they continue to eat healthy food and babies continue to be breastfeed.
      Antibiotics, while rarely used, may be recommended in a few cases such as those who have bloody diarrhea and a high fever, those with severe diarrhea following travelling, and those who grow specific bacteria or parasites in their stool.
      adj refusing to obey a person or rule
      I was wild and rude and defiant and disobedient.
      Also, defiant and angry behaviors can occur.
      She has a defiant attitude towards her family.
      Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is defined by the DSM-5 as "a pattern of angry/irritable mood, argumentative/defiant behavior, or vindictiveness lasting at least 6 months as evidenced by at least four symptoms from any of the [defined] categories and exhibited during interaction with at least one individual who is not a sibling".
      v[IT] burn superficially so as to discolor or damage the texture of
      also a noun
      If you scorch something, or if it scorches, its surface burns slightly and changes color.
      The salmon was flavorful but scorched on the bottom.
      If strong heat or wind scorches plants, it dries and damages them.
      Full sun can scorch and toughen the leaves, so keep this plant in partial sun with moist soil.
      If strong heat scorches you, it burns you.
      Then there's the smoke: thick, black and acrid, it reaches across the horizon, scorches your lungs and makes your eyes water.
      A scorch is a mark on the surface of something where it has been burned slightly.
      See the brown scorch on the wall behind the cooktop?
      Compare char and scorch.
      n[C] a set of beliefs or principles
      A creed (also confession, symbol, or statement of faith) is a statement of the shared beliefs of a religious community in the form of a fixed formula summarizing core tenets.
      One of the most widely used creeds in Christianity is the Nicene Creed, first formulated in AD 325 at the First Council of Nicaea.
      It was based on Christian understanding of the Canonical Gospels, the letters of the New Testament and to a lesser extent the Old Testament.
      Affirmation of this creed, which describes the Trinity, is generally taken as a fundamental test of orthodoxy for most Christian denominations.
      The Apostles' Creed is also broadly accepted.
      Some Christian denominations and other groups have rejected the authority of those creeds.
      Muslims declare the shahada, or testimony: "I bear witness that there is no god but (the One) God (Allah), and I bear witness that Muhammad is God's messenger."
      n[U] suffering or death caused by lack of food
      Starvation is a severe deficiency in caloric energy intake.
      It is the most extreme form of malnutrition.
      In humans, prolonged starvation can cause permanent organ damage and eventually, death.
      The term inanition refers to the symptoms and effects of starvation.
      Very low calorie diets provide 200–800 calories per day, maintaining protein intake but limiting calories from both fat and carbohydrates.
      They subject the body to starvation and produce an average weekly weight loss of 1.5-2.5 kilograms (3.3-5.5 lb).
      adj different from what most people consider to be usual or normal
      In December, Paramount made the unconventional decision to release " Ghost Protocol " exclusively in IMAX theaters five days before broadening its release.
      You've got to read this book. She has such an unconventional way of looking at things and relating a story.
      Congress passed a huge tax break in 1980 specifically to encourage unconventional natural gas drilling.
      Most geniuses are unconventional thinkers.
      Compare unconventional and unorthodox.
      adj smaller or less than you want or need
      Patients who rely on state sponsored insurance end up using more of the meager resources which causes taxes to go up.
      Educating a nation under conditions of substandard infrastructure and meager resources (money, teachers etc) is a massive and mindbogglingly complex problem.
      Her meager income would not allow to her seek formal medical care for treatment or purchase medication.
      I got to move back in with my Mom when I was an adult because I went back to school and couldn't afford rent and tuition on my meager salary.
      adj ≠fresh ¶ not new, original, or interesting
      Fresh bread normally goes stale within a day or so.
      Oh you don't want these, they're old and stale. I'm leaving them out for the pigeons.
      Not sure what to do about the stuffy or stale air in your home? The most immediate solution might seem to be opening a window.
      He was becoming stale and running out of ideas.
      His performance has become stale.
      If you stay in the job for more than 22 years, you get stale.
      Since expertise goes stale, you need ways to show that your learning is current and relevant.
      adj making you feel sad or full of pity
      In one poignant moment, 86-year-old Farha says: "I've lived 50 years more than my son."
      Davidson's complex, poignant story, Making It in America, revealed some chilling data about where American manufacturing is headed.
      Here the author relates, in a footnote, a poignant story of a wife being tried and convicted of killing her husband with a kitchen knife, and her subsequent death from despair and self-imposed starvation.
      This discovery serves as a poignant reminder of the horror wrought by war, some 65 years on.
      n[C] the most exciting or important moment in a story, event, or situation ¶ orgasm
      also a verb
      The climax of the film is a pitched two-on-one battle with Spider-Man rescuing MJ and taking on both Strand and Boyd at the same time.
      As the war in East Pakistan was reaching its climax, Nixon, reportedly as advised by Kissinger, ordered the USS Enterprise, a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier of the US Navy, to move into the Bay of Bengal.
      The climax is the point of highest tension in the book, the point where the reader is really holding their breath.
      The melody appears prominently at the climax to Butterfly's entrance, as she presents herself to her lustful American bridegroom, Lieutenant Pinkerton.
      Orgasm (from Greek ὀργασμός orgasmos "excitement, swelling"; also sexual climax) is the sudden discharge of accumulated sexual excitement during the sexual response cycle, resulting in rhythmic muscular contractions in the pelvic region characterized by sexual pleasure.
      v[T] cause to come to know personally ¶ inform
      I'll let you two guys get acquainted, huh?
      Well, maybe after we get reacquainted uh, you can do me.
      If you acquaint someone with something, you tell them about it so that they know it.
      Our study of the Qur'an acquaints us with three distinguishing characteristics of this holy book.
      If you acquaint yourself with something, you learn about it.
      I need to acquaint myself with the new regulations.
      v[T] expel from a country
      Romney's line was basically let's deport all eleven million illegal immigrants.
      Once A Mexican Tourist Town, Now No Man's Land Claudio Sanchez Every day, the U.S. border patrol deports thousands of men, women and children who crossed into the U.S. illegally.
      In early March, the three Britons were released and deported to the United Kingdom.
      Those without permits are supposed to be deported.
      Even among whites, just 28 percent support deporting all illegal immigrants, while 24 percent want to allow all to remain, and 40 percent want to deport some.
      Deportation is the expulsion of a person or group of people from a place or country.
      Today the expulsion of foreign nationals is usually called deportation, whereas the expulsion of nationals is called banishment, exile, or penal transportation.
      Compare banish, deport, exile, and expel.
      Compare import, deport, and export.
      v[IT] used to warn someone to be careful
      Beware of time-wasting hobbies and gadgets.
      If you're fighting the world just beware of the knives in your back.
      Beware of the handshake that hides the snake.
      "Beware of Greeks bearing gifts." means ""Do not trust an opponent who offers to do something nice for you. (A line from the story of the Trojan horse)"
      Compare aware, beware, look out, and watch out.
      v[I] move about aimlessly
      also a noun
      If you ramble, you walk for pleasure, especially in the countryside.
      NASA launches the first of two golf cart size rovers that will ramble across the rocky, red soil of Mars and drill for evidence that the Red Planet once had enough water to support life.
      We're celebrating 50 years of Jamaican Independence and 20 years of Mocking Bird Hill this summer by giving our guests a complimentary picnic to enjoy whilst having a lazy day at one of Port Antonio's beaches or up rambling in the nearby Blue Mountains.
      If you say that a person rambles in their speech or writing, you mean they do not make much sense because they keep going off the subject in a confused way.
      If you say that someone is rambling on, you mean that they have been talking for a long time in a boring and rather confused way.
      "You fell asleep?!" "It was 5:30 in the morning, and you had rambled on for 18 pages. Front and back!!"
      You know what, I think I'll go home before Ross starts rambling about his newfound respect for life.
      No need to apologize. Some of my best friends are experimental physicists. Well, not my best friends, but I know them. My best friend is a molecular chemist named Wendy. I'm sorry, I'm rambling.
      No, no. I'll finish making the tea, while you narcissistically ramble on about whatever's troubling you.
      Compare backpack, hike, ramble, rumble, wander, and wonder.
      n[C] sth that is necessary before sth else can happen or be done
      The M.A. degree in the corresponding literature is a prerequisite for the M.Phil. and Ph.D. degrees.
      A world-class education has become a prerequisite for achieving individual success and national prosperity in our globally-competitive economy.
      In the United States, time in the armed forces is often seen as a prerequisite of sorts for running for office.
      Having a penis is prerequisite to erection.
      Compare precondition, prerequisite, and requisite.