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      v[IT] experience a chemical change because of the action of yeast or bacteria ¶ excite, stir up
      n[U] turmoil
      Fermentation is a metabolic process that converts sugar to acids, gases, and/or alcohol. It occurs in yeast and bacteria, but also in oxygen-starved muscle cells, as in the case of lactic acid fermentation.
      Huangjiu, translated as yellow wine, is a type of Chinese alcoholic beverage made from water, cereal grains such as rice, sorghum, millet, or wheat and a jiuqu starter culture.
      The various molds and filamentous yeasts found in Jiuqu exude enzymes that digest the substrate into sugars that are in turn, fermented into alcohol by other yeasts and bacteria.
      They are being used by the Kremlin to ferment trouble with money and arms.
      People born in the early' forties are many of them still living in the early' sixties, those heady days of Camelot when the young and vigorous Jack Kennedy and his charming wife occupied the White House, and society was all in a ferment with necessary reforms being made or about to be made.
      They thrilled to Bob Dylan's "Blowin' in the Wind" and other anthems of the Civil Rights movement.
      There is little sign of a new intellectual ferment of the sort that carried Margaret Thatcher to power.
      adj skilful
      Forgive me, as you know, I'm not adept at reading facial cues, but I'm going to take a stab here: You're either sad or nauseated.
      Thankfully, continued Hughes, director Scott is adept at working with talent.
      While I am adept in professional design tools like Photoshop, 99% of the time my tool of choice for mocking up an app is PowerPoint.
      Natural light, natural light, natural light! Unless you are very adept with lighting, keep it simple.
      n[CU] a deep track made by a wheel or wheels ¶ a situation that is boring and difficult to change ¶ time of year when male animals, esp deer, become sexually active
      A rut is a depression or groove worn into a road or path by the travel of wheels or skis.
      Ruts can be formed by wear, as from studded snow tires common in cold climate areas, or they can form through the deformation of the asphalt concrete pavement or subbase material.
      Rut-like depressions can be formed on gravel roads by the erosion from flowing water.
      If you're in a rut, you're living or working in a situation that never changes, so that you feel bored.
      The rut is the mating season of ruminant animals such as deer, sheep, camel, goats, pronghorn and Asian and African antelope.
      During the rut (also known as the rutting period and in domestic sheep management as tupping), males often rub their antlers or horns on trees or shrubs, fight with each other, wallow in mud or dust, self-anoint and herd estrus females together.
      Do something different. If you're bored or stuck in a rut. Get outside, join a class or assess what you would like to do.
      v[T] describe or mark the edge of sth
      If you delineate something such as an idea or situation, you describe it or define it, often in a lot of detail.
      Tube socks are socks that are knitted in a single long tube, so that they have no clearly delineated heel and ankle region.
      "Just pretty good? I'd think you were doing very good." "Pretty, very... there's really no objective scale for delineating variations of 'good.' Why do you ask?"
      Appellate Courts, including the Supreme Court of Canada, have helped delineate the role and responsibility of trial judges who are called upon to consider this form of sentence.
      n[U] extreme anger
      If you do not stop hitting on my lady, you will feel the full extent of my wrath.
      Okay, what shall be first to taste the wrath of Monte?
      They incurred Monica's wrath by arriving late.
      Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan is a 1982 American science fiction film released by Paramount Pictures.
      He fled the country to escape the king's wrath.
      The king vented his wrath on his servants.
      n[UC] a clear and detailed explanation ¶ a public event or show of industrial products or technology
      The fullest exposition of Coleridge's thought can be found in the Statesman's Manual.
      Highly recommended for its clear exposition of important issues.
      The Buddha's exposition of mindfulness of breathing involves four basic steps.
      The Golden Gate International Exposition (1939 and 1940),held at San Francisco,California's Treasure Island,was a World's Fair that celebrated,among other things,the city's two newly-built bridges.
      Compare exhibition and exposition.
      adj of inestimable value, priceless
      My service in Congress has been greatly enhanced by Steve's invaluable advice and knowledge regarding all aspects of the legislative process.
      The lessons they teach are invaluable - I would reccomend them to any parent and for any child.
      Something like this would be invaluable to the Coast Guard.
      This book is invaluable for anyone diagnosed with cancer and for anyone who has a family member or friend battling the disease.
      Clearly parents are invaluable members of a school community.
      n[s] things said or done to show great respect
      Hosted by President and Mrs. Obama the show will explore those roots and pay homage to the great figures of the Blues.
      I need to pay homage to chef Monica Gellar.
      It's also an homage to classic Disney cartoons.
      The ceremony also paid homage to Isaac Newton's discovery of gravity.
      adj extremely funny
      "Oh honey, come on, have a sense of humor, you've never been able to laugh at yourself." "Right (Laughs). My mom doesn't have any faith in me! Oh, that's hilarious! Ha-ha-ha-ha-ha." "I don't get it."
      Anyway, she thought the very idea of me playing rugby with him was like hilarious. So I'm gonna show her how tough I really am!
      Honey, you know I think you're hilarious! Come on, you know that joke you told me last week? The one about Jerry Lewis and the girl with the lazy eye? That slayed me.
      One of the test monkeys slipped on a banana peel and broke his neck. It was both tragic and hysterical.
      adj extremely exciting
      See a thrilling space show at the Planetarium, one of nation's leading space education facilities.
      Sox win! Sox win! After a thrilling come-from-behind win against the Yankees in the ALCS, Boston's finest swept the St. Louis Cardinals to win their first World Series since World War I.
      You have all been summoned to join a thrilling Dungeons and Dragons adventure. Your quest begins in a secret northern village of elves who have all been massacred.
      A visit to London for business or pleasure is a thrilling experience, with its multicultural, vibrant, and energetic atmosphere, together with historic buildings.
      n[CU] a light substance forming the bark of a tree ¶ bottle-stopper made of this
      also a verb
      Cork is an impermeable, buoyant material, a prime-subset of bark tissue that is harvested for commercial use primarily from Quercus suber (the Cork Oak), which is endemic to southwest Europe and northwest Africa.
      As late as the mid-17th century, French vintners did not use cork stoppers, using oil-soaked rags stuffed into the necks of bottles instead.
      Wine corks can be made of either a single piece of cork, or composed of particles, as in champagne corks; corks made of granular particles are called "agglomerated corks".
      Cork is used in musical instruments, particularly woodwind instruments, where it is used to fasten together segments of the instrument, making the seams airtight.
      Ross uncorked the wine.
      Ryan pulls the cork with his teeth and spits it into Phoebe's mitts.
      Phoebe makes a big show out of pulling out the cork and pours the wine.
      Oh, yeah! Hey, save the cork and then we can fill the bottle with water and put it back so they don't charge you.
      n[UC] sb who betrays a friend, his country, a cause, etc
      A person who commits treason is known in law as a traitor.
      Outside legal spheres, the word "traitor" may also be used to describe a person who betrays (or is accused of betraying) his own political party, nation, family, friends, ethnic group, team, religion, social class, or other group to which he may belong.
      At times, the term "traitor" has been used as a political epithet, regardless of any verifiable treasonable action. In a civil war or insurrection, the winners may deem the losers to be traitors.
      In Dante Alighieri's Inferno, the ninth and lowest circle of Hell is reserved for traitors; Judas Iscariot, who betrayed Jesus, suffers the worst torments of all: being constantly gnawed at by one of Lucifer's own three mouths.
      His treachery is considered so notorious that his name has long been synonymous with traitor.
      He turned traitor and joined the opposition.
      He's a traitor to the working class.
      A cause is an organization, belief, or aim that a group of people support or fight for.
      adj very calm or peaceful
      The Milky Way sky over Texas is infinitely beautiful and serene.
      Decorator colors should be serene or cheerful, but never depressing.
      In your personal interactions, do not be a fortress, steeled against people. Be a forest, serene and open to them finding a path to your heart.
      I've used valerian flower essence to help develop a calm, serene, well-balanced approach to life.
      n[U] the practice of doing what sb tells you to do, or of obeying a law or rule
      The obedience of the woman to her husband is an important prerequisite that shows her piety and guarantees her eternal destiny.
      You should be baptized in obedience to the Lord Jesus Christ as a public testimony of your salvation, and then unite with a Bible-believing church without delay.
      Muslims, on the other hand, were fighting in obedience to Mohammad.
      The Arabs attacked Jews in obedience to mysterious orders.
      'Disobedience' and 'obedience' are antonymous.
      adj favoring new and progressive ideas, esp in art and literature
      The avant-garde (from French, "advance guard" or "vanguard", literally "fore-guard") are people or works that are experimental or innovative, particularly with respect to art, culture, and politics.
      The avant-garde pushes the boundaries of what is accepted as the norm or the status quo, primarily in the cultural realm.
      Status quo is a Latin phrase meaning the existing state of affairs, particularly with regards to social or political issues.
      The avant-garde is considered by some to be a hallmark of modernism, as distinct from postmodernism.
      The avant-garde also promotes radical social reforms.
      adj not consistent or in logical agreement with sth ¶ not able to live or work happily with sb
      Ideas, systems, or machines that are incompatible are not able to work or exist together because of basic differences.
      Power circuits in North America are 60 Hz AC, which provides electricity at a higher frequency that is incompatible with PAL video.
      Islam is a political ideology and it is incompatible with democracy.
      Birth control is incompatible with religious beliefs that predominate in some areas.
      Two people who are incompatible have such different characters, beliefs etc that they cannot have a friendly relationship.
      I don't know why Penny and Leonard ever got married. They're totally incompatible.
      n[C] the possible results of an action
      A ramification is an additional result of something you do, which may not have been clear when you first decided to do it.
      The ramifications of bad credit and overwhelming delinquent accounts affect every aspect of your life.
      At first glance, it appears insignificant but the ramifications are enormous.
      Under this test, any decorative elements of the object that exist outside of the scope of the useful object (or could be "severed" from the useful object) are protectable under copyright. This has ramifications for individuals using 3D printers to reproduce physical objects.
      The populations of the new immigrants, mostly Muslim, will double in 35 years. That has huge political ramifications.
      adj arousing passion or strong emotion
      An inflammatory disease or medical condition causes inflammation.
      Inflammation is a protective immunovascular response that involves immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.
      The purpose of inflammation is to eliminate the initial cause of cell injury, clear out necrotic cells and tissues damaged from the original insult and the inflammatory process, and to initiate tissue repair.
      Obviously the video is inflammatory, it was evidently intended to be.
      A couple of days later, Ms Gillard was at a loss to explain her inflammatory comments.
      n[CU] a long thin vegetable with a hard green skin
      The cucumber is originally from Southern Asia, but now grows on most continents.
      The fruit of the cucumber is roughly cylindrical, elongated with tapered ends, and may be as large as 60 centimeters (24 in) long and 10 centimeters (3.9 in) in diameter.
      Cucumbers are usually more than 90% water.
      According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, China produced at least 60% of the global output of cucumbers in 2005, followed at a distance by Turkey, Russia, Iran and the United States.
      Cucumbers are mentioned in the Bible as one of the foods eaten by the Israelites in Egypt.
      Cucumbers can be pickled for flavor and longer shelf-life.
      The pickling process removes or degrades much of the nutrient content, especially that of vitamin C.
      n[C] an attendant on a ship or plane ¶ sb employed to manage sb else's property ¶ sb who supervises or helps to manage an event
      Flight attendants or cabin crew (also known as stewards/stewardesses, air hosts/hostesses, cabin attendants) are members of an aircrew employed by airlines primarily to ensure the safety and comfort of passengers aboard commercial flights, on select business jet aircraft, and on some military aircraft.
      A steward is an official who is appointed by the legal ruling monarch to represent them in a country, and may have a mandate to govern it in their name; in the latter case, it roughly corresponds with the position of viceroy (for Romance languages), governor, or deputy (the Roman rector, praefectus or vicarius).
      It was also a term used to refer to the chief servant of a landed estate.
      A Horse show steward sometimes also called a rules steward or licensed steward, is a licensed official at a horse show tasked with the responsibility of interpreting and enforcing the rules of the organization that sanctions the horse show.
      The stewards are responsible for the overall organization and operation of the event, and are particularly concerned with issues involving safety and the enforcement of the rules.
      Most stewards hold, or have held, a national competition license.
      adj quick or fast
      Something that is speedy happens very quickly.
      I wish you a speedy recovery and a bright future.
      I hope you make a speedy recovery from this, both physically and emotionally.
      While he was waiting for a speedy trial, the DEA obtained sufficient evidence to convict him.
      A speedy car, boat etc goes fast.
      Speedy is the name of two DC Comics superheroes, fictional characters that have each served as teenaged sidekicks for the Green Arrow (a.k.a. Oliver Queen).
      The Flash is a fictional superhero who appears in American comic books published by DC Comics.
      Nicknamed the Scarlet Speedster, the "Crimson Comet" and "The Blur", all incarnations of the Flash possess "super speed", which includes the ability to run and move extremely fast, use superhuman reflexes, and seemingly violate certain laws of physics.
      adj corresponding in size, amount or degree
      If one amount is proportional to another, the two amounts increase and decrease at the same rate so there is always the same relationship between them.
      This is because air resistance is proportional to the falling body's velocity squared.
      Power in a circuit is proportional to the current, but the power lost as heat in the wires is proportional to the square of the current.
      Also, power is proportional to voltage, so for a given power level, higher voltage can offset lower current.
      The term proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems by which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body.
      If 30% of the electorate support a particular political party, then roughly 30% of seats will be won by that party.
      'Disproportionate' and 'proportional' are antonymous.
      n[C] a place with water and trees in a desert ¶ experience, place, etc which is pleasant in the middle of sth unpleasant, dull, etc
      In geography, an oasis (plural: oases) or cienega (Southwestern United States) is an isolated area of vegetation in a desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source. Oases also provide habitat for animals and even humans if the area is big enough.
      The location of oases has been of critical importance for trade and transportation routes in desert areas; caravans must travel via oases so that supplies of water and food can be replenished.
      Thus, political or military control of an oasis has in many cases meant control of trade on a particular route.
      For example, the oases of Awjila, Ghadames, and Kufra, situated in modern-day Libya, have at various times been vital to both North-South and East-West trade in the Sahara Desert.
      Oases are formed from underground rivers or aquifers such as an artesian aquifer, where water can reach the surface naturally by pressure or by man-made wells.
      A truly garden home spa in the heart of Bangkok. An oasis of calm.
      An oasis of tranquility, a place where you can leave the cares of the real world behind.
      adj serving as an example or warning ¶ worthy of imitation
      Although my husband has some dangerous hobbies like road cycling and motorcycling (crashes in either pursuit are terrifying), his concern for safety is exemplary.
      Their opponents might be scumbags, but their media strategy is exemplary.
      All salads and soups were exemplary.
      It also fined Dow $110.8 million and Boeing $89.4 million in exemplary damages.
      Damages are money that a court orders someone to pay to someone else as a punishment for harming them or their property.
      Earlier, angry lawyers staged a protest, demanding exemplary punishment for the offenders.
      n[C] a rut, groove, or narrow depression
      also a verb
      When agriculture was first developed, simple hand-held digging sticks and hoes were used in highly fertile areas, such as the banks of the Nile where the annual flood rejuvenates the soil, to create drills (furrows) to plant seeds in.
      Modern tractor ploughing in South Africa. This plough has five non-reversible mouldboards. The fifth, empty furrow on the left will be filled by the first furrow of the next pass.
      Compare crease, burrow, furrow, marrow, and wrinkle.
      Years of anxiety have lined his brow with deep furrows.
      He furrowed his brow and fingered his calculator.
      The wheels of the heavy tractor furrowed the soft ground.