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      dig`ni`fied
      'dignifaid
      adj behaving in a calm way that people respect
      -
      If you say that someone or something is dignified, you mean they are calm, impressive and deserve respect.
      Our elderly, widows and orphans need a better social security net to help them achieving a more dignified life.
      Therefore I am asking for your help to be able to continue studying. It is my dream to get a good education so that one day I can support myself and live a dignified life.
      Never forget those who gave their lives for us and honour them in a sombre, quiet and dignified manner.
      The Catholic Church denies individual freedom for those close to death to choose a dignified death.
      The survivor estate exemption was reduced in 1995 from approximately $24,030 to $12,015 as part of Veterans Affairs budget reductions.
      So this means that a Veteran's estate if valued at more than $12,000 would not make that person's surviving spouse eligible for support for a dignified and respectful funeral.
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      gru`el`ing
      'gru:əliŋ
      adj physically or mentally demanding to the point of exhaustion
      -
      Sophie, then 36, was airlifted to hospital and undertook a grueling two and a half hour operation to end the potentially life threatening ectopic pregnancy, where the fetus grew outside her womb.
      Junior doctors often have to work a gruelling 100-hour week.
      Cadres are put through a grueling process of talent selection, and only those with an excellent record of past performance are likely to make it to the highest levels of government.
      Still numb and in shock, I began the gruelling task of telling this awful news to my husband, daughter, son, father, other family members and his friends.
      Being a barrister is a great job, except for the gruelling schedule, high pressure, concerns about where the next pay cheque is coming from...
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      a`bort
      ə'bɔ:t
      v[IT] cause sth to stop or fail before it begins or before it is complete ¶ miscarry
      -
      If the new value is not a body or frameset element, then raise a HierarchyRequestErr exception and abort these steps.
      The rescue mission had to be aborted.
      Press Enter to abort the print job.
      If a pregnant woman or animal aborts, the baby is born too early and is dead when it is born.
      The disease causes pregnant animals to abort.
      She aborted after four months.
      The doctor told me that our baby would live to full term, but would not survive long outside the womb. He added that I had two options: to abort the baby or to carry the baby until term, deliver and then wait until he/she died.
      Should the pregnant mother choose to abort the pregnancy?
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      te`di`ous
      'ti:diəs
      adj boring
      -
      Oh, I've seen that look before. This is just gonna be two weeks of moping and tedious emo songs and calling me to come down to pet stores to look at cats. I don't know if I can take it.
      You're right. It would never work. Amy finds you tedious.
      Amy's right. He is tedious.
      Now that you're in my debt, please manipulate Amy into releasing me from my commitment to attend her aunt's tedious birthday party.
      It sounds like a long and tedious evening.
      Eh, it will be. Honestly, if I must endure a long and tedious evening, I'd rather it be with you on date night. But I have no choice. The tenure committee's going to be there.
      You know, riding with Leonard has gotten a little tedious lately. Th-The only car game he ever wants to play is the Quiet Game. And he's terrible at it. I always win.
      Now, don't be insulted. He just thinks too much of you would be mind-numbingly tedious.
      Compare humdrum, tedious, and tiresome.
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      sat`ire
      'sætaiə
      n[U] the use of humor to criticize sb/sth and make them seem silly ¶ a play, book, movie, etc that uses ~
      -
      Satire is a genre of literature, and sometimes graphic and performing arts, in which vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government or society itself, into improvement.
      Although satire is usually meant to be humorous, its greater purpose is often constructive social criticism, using wit to draw attention to both particular and wider issues in society.
      A feature of satire is strong irony or sarcasm, but parody, burlesque, exaggeration, juxtaposition, comparison, analogy, and double entendre are all frequently used in satirical speech and writing.
      Satire is nowadays found in many artistic forms of expression, including literature, plays, commentary, television shows, and media such as lyrics.
      Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb, more commonly known as Dr. Strangelove, is a 1964 political satire black comedy film that satirizes the cold war fears of a nuclear conflict between the USSR and the US.
      The television program South Park (1997-ongoing) relies almost exclusively on satire to address issues in American culture, with episodes addressing anti-Semitism, militant atheism, homophobia, environmentalism, corporate culture, political correctness and anti-Catholicism, among many other issues.
      Stephen Colbert's television program, The Colbert Report (2005-2014), is instructive in the methods of contemporary American satire.
      American culture is extremely welcoming of satire, with many citizens supporting popular television programs and social outlets.
      Compare caricature and satire.
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      re`joice
      ri'dʒɔis
      v[I] feel or show that you are very happy
      -
      Rudy's family rejoiced at the news.
      Do not rejoice over the distress of a brother Muslim for Allah may relieve his distress and place you in his position.
      I pretend to rejoice in their long-winded foreign words like 'industrialisation', but what my tongue says my heart does not believe.
      To rejoice in the name or title of sth is to have a name or title that is silly or amusing.
      Of course the vendors inside the terminal rejoice as they can now sell drinks with jacked up prices.
      College admissions is transformed, and high-school students everywhere rejoice.
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      ac`cen`tu`ate
      ək'sentʃueit
      v[T] make sth more noticeable
      -
      The City, airing 1-3 p.m. on Sundays, will allow the Fords a chance to accentuate the positive.
      Designers purposely create unique symbols or details to accentuate the differences between themselves and other designers.
      A pair of straight-legged jeans in rigid denim will accentuate your curves without exaggerating them.
      The global recession further accentuates the need for effective risk management to achieve the strong ROI you envision.
      The situation accentuates the feeling of being useless and unnecessary in the house.
      The problem is further accentuated by the use of low quality, low density acoustic materials.
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      hump
      hʌmp
      n[C] a large round raised lump or part ¶ a round raised part on a person's or animal's back
      v[T] carry or lift sth heavy with difficulty ¶ have sex with sb
      -
      A speed hump (also called a road hump, or undulation, and speed ramp) is a rounded traffic calming device used to reduce vehicle speed and volume on residential streets.
      Humps are placed across the road to slow traffic and are often installed in a series of several humps in order to prevent cars from speeding before and after the hump.
      The heart of these yards is the hump - a lead track on a small hill over which an engine pushes the cars.
      Single cars, or a block of coupled cars, are uncoupled just before or at the crest of the hump, and roll by gravity onto their destination tracks in the tracks where the cars are sorted.
      The Hump was the name given by Allied pilots in the Second World War to the eastern end of the Himalayan Mountains over which they flew military transport aircraft from India to China to resupply the Chinese war effort of Chiang Kai-shek and the units of the United States Army Air Forces based in China.
      A camel is an even-toed ungulate within the genus Camelus, bearing distinctive fatty deposits known as "humps" on its back.
      All right Joey, be nice. So does he have a hump? A hump and a hairpiece?
      A hunchback is someone who has a large lump on their back because their spine is curved.
      If you give someone the hump, you make them feel depressed or annoyed.
      If someone gets the hump, they get very annoyed about something.
      If you are over the hump, you have done the most difficult part of something.
      She managed to hump the suitcases upstairs.
      Compare drag, heave, hump, and lug.
      Marcel, stop humping the lamp!
      When I was eight I was having sex dreams. I also humped my teddy bears.
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      lo`cal`i`ty
      ləu'kæliti
      n[C] a particular area or district
      -
      Traditional Healers play a very important and indispensable role in primary healthcare delivery. They are available to most of the population within the locality, or within 5 kilometres of any locality.
      He said that the locality in which this university is located is also the home for many vehicle manufacturing firms in the UK.
      It is always more desirable in collecting to know the exact locality of a specimen, more than just Arizona or Germany.
      The county is one of the first localities in Maryland to use the PalmSecure system, in which children from kindergarten to 12th grade place their hands above an infrared scanner.
      It identifies unique palm and vein patterns, and converts the image into an encrypted numeric algorithm that records a sale.
      The study examines changes in the rates of heart attack admissions or deaths from before to after the implementation of smoking bans in a large number of localities.
      It provides convincing data to conclude that in these localities, there was an overall 15% decline in heart attack admissions or deaths during the time period when smoking bans were implemented in these localities.
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      at`tire
      ə'taiə
      n[U] clothes
      -
      But the more likely explanation for your attire is that you're out of clean clothes again.
      Islam requires women to wear more modest forms of attire, usually hijab.
      In the latter half of the 20th century, blue jeans became very popular, and are now worn to events that normally demand formal attire.
      It was a little later when she entered the theatre, the play had begun and the house seemed to her to be packed.
      But there were vacant seats here and there, and into one of them she was ushered, between brilliantly dressed women who had gone there to kill time and eat candy and display their gaudy attire.
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      re`nounce
      ri'nauns
      v[T] give up or reject
      -
      No, you don't get it. I want nothing to do with any woman. My heart is stone. From now on, I-I'm a monk. I renounce all worldly pleasures. Except for lobster. And garlic butter.
      Renounce the world (give up or control your worldly desires) and Allah will love you.
      The IRA kept its dream of a future unified Ireland, but agreed to renounce violence and to work politically with its former enemies on the ground.
      The US expatriation tax applies to US citizens who renounce their citizenship and to certain long-term residents who lose US residency.
      He knew that his British passport would expire in 2014, as he did not lead evidence that he had renounced his British citizenship.
      Compare announce, denounce, prnounce, and renounce.
      Compare abandon, forsake, and renounce.
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      beak
      bi:k
      n[C] the hard pointed part of a bird's mouth =bill ¶ a large pointed nose
      -
      The beak, bill, or rostrum is an external anatomical structure of birds which is used for eating and for grooming, manipulating objects, killing prey, fighting, probing for food, courtship and feeding young.
      Although beaks vary significantly in size, shape, color and texture, they share a similar underlying structure.
      Although the word 'beak' was, in the past, generally restricted to the sharpened bills of birds of prey, in modern ornithology, the terms 'beak' and 'bill' are generally considered to be synonymous.
      The snow goose, for example, has a reddish-pink bill with black tomia, while the whole beak of the similar Ross's goose is pinkish-red, without darker tomia.
      Most species of birds have external nares (nostrils) located somewhere on their beak.
      An aquiline nose (also called a Roman nose or hook nose) is a human nose with a prominent bridge, giving it the appearance of being curved or slightly bent.
      The word aquiline comes from the Latin word aquilinus ("eagle-like"), an allusion to the curved beak of an eagle.
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      thrift
      θrift
      n[U] careful or economical use of money or resources
      -
      A savings and loan association (or S&L), also known as a thrift, is a financial institution that specializes in accepting savings deposits and making mortgage and other loans.
      The terms "S&L" or "thrift" are mainly used in the United States; similar institutions in the United Kingdom, Ireland and some Commonwealth countries include building societies and trustee savings banks.
      If you drop off a donation at a local Salvation Army Family Thrift Store or Corps (worship and community center), the clerk or receptionist will be happy to provide you with a receipt.
      Armeria is a genus of flowering plants. These plants are sometimes known as "Lady's Cushion", "thrift", or "sea pink" (the latter because as they are often found on coastlines).
      Thrift is an interface definition language and binary communication protocol that is used to define and create services for numerous languages.
      It is used as a remote procedure call (RPC) framework and was developed at Facebook for "scalable cross-language services development".
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      blun`der
      'blʌndə
      n[C] a careless or stupid mistake
      v[I] make a ~
      -
      If you blunder somewhere, you move there in a clumsy and careless way.
      If you blunder into a dangerous or difficult situation, you get involved in it by mistake.
      Someone was blundering about in the kitchen.
      Jane came blundering down the stairs.
      Oh, John,it's you. How was the match?
      A last-minute blunder cost us the match.
      What happened to your eyes?
      There was a fight after the match and somehow we blundered into the fight.
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      spree
      spri:
      n[C] a short period of doing a particular, usually enjoyable, activity much more than is usual
      -
      The gypsy turns him into a zombie and he goes on a killing spree.
      Simply put, the Chinese are on a global shopping spree.
      I will not turn my wedding into a spending spree.
      Black Friday, America's favourite shopping spree, is just around the corner and will be a true testament to Apple's market influence.
      The Taliban has vowed to seek revenge against what it called "American savages" after a U.S. Army sergeant went on an apparent shooting spree in southern Afghanistan, killing 16 Afghan villagers, many of them children.
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      re`per`cus`sion
      ri:pə'kʌʃən
      n[C] a bad effect that sth has, usu lasting for a long time
      -
      Also, the repercussions of an Israeli attack are impossible to predict.
      He knows what the repercussions of this will be.
      Further, if this were done, it would have serious repercussions for the nation's political stability and for its future.
      The death of Augustin Katumba Mwanke will have serious repercussions for the Kabila regime and in particular for the mining sector.
      Compare consequence, influence, and repercussion.
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      di`ver`gent
      di'və:dʒənt
      adj drawing apart from a common point
      -
      Having worked tirelessly to reconcile the divergent views, he moved swiftly and took control as Commander-in-Chief of the national army on July 12, 1922, just two weeks after the outbreak of the civil war.
      The divergent views of the African Union and the European Union have raised fears in African diplomatic circles that the Europeans may withhold AU funding.
      As published authors of divergent views on the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, we urge the Central Intelligence Agency and the Department of Defense to observe the spirit and letter of the 1992 JFK Assassination Records Act by releasing all relevant records on the activities of a career CIA operations officer named George E. Joannides, who died in 1990.
      Languages from two families were as divergent as German is from Chinese, and within each family languages were as different as English from Dutch.
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      am`biv`a`lent
      æm'bivələnt
      adj not sure whether you want or like sth or not
      -
      Like Dixie, she is ambivalent about returning since her parents threw her out of the house 13 years earlier.
      In my mid-20s, I found the right travel partner, and he was also ambivalent about Bolivia.
      During my research, I developed an ambivalent attitude to this enormous resource of Praed's letters.
      I have highly ambivalent feelings about him.
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      trea`sur`er
      'treʒərə
      n[C] sb who is in charge of the money that belongs to an organization
      -
      A treasurer is the person responsible for running the treasury of an organization.
      The Treasury of a country is the department responsible for the country's economy, finance and revenue.
      In corporations, the Treasurer is the head of the corporate treasury department.
      In the state governments of the United States, 49 of the 50 states have the executive position of treasurer.
      The state treasurer serves as the chief custodian of each state's treasury and as the state's head banker.
      Typically, he or she receives and deposits state monies (plural of money), manages investments, and keeps track of budget surpluses and deficits.
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      ran`som
      'rænsəm
      n[C] the money that has to be paid to sb so that they will set free a person they have kidnapped
      v[T] pay ~ in order to set sb free
      -
      Ransom is the practice of holding a prisoner or item to extort money or property to secure their release, or it may refer to the sum of money involved.
      When ransom means "payment", the word comes via Old French rançon from Latin redemptio = "buying back".
      Julius Caesar was captured by pirates near the island of Pharmacusa, and held until someone paid 50 talents to free him.
      In Europe during the Middle Ages, ransom became an important custom of chivalric warfare.
      An important knight, especially nobility or royalty, was worth a significant sum of money if captured, but nothing if he was killed.
      For this reason, the practice of ransom contributed to the development of heraldry, which allowed knights to advertise their identities, and by implication their ransom value, and made them less likely to be killed out of hand.
      Examples include Richard the Lion Heart and Bertrand du Guesclin.
      Some nations have policies against paying ransom, saying it encourages kidnappers.
      Has ISIS asked for ransoms before?
      Yes. It's hard to quantify all the examples, because hostage takers in ambitious militant groups like ISIS rarely make their demands public.
      But just as kidnappings are the norm for such groups, so is asking for ransom.
      Joey hold the duck for ransom.
      If you hold someone to ransom, you put them in a situation where they have no choice and are forced to agree to your demands.
      The company refused to be held to ransom by the union.
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      ac`cred`it
      ə'kredit
      v[T] officially recognize, accept or approve of sb or sth
      -
      Ninety-four paramedic education programs currently are accredited by the Joint Review Committee on Educational Programs for the EMT-Paramedic.
      The International Association of Computer Investigative Specialists (IACIS) recently became accredited by the FSAB. IACIS is the organization behind the Certified Forensic Computer Examiner (CFCE) certification process which they have recently opened up to the general public.
      In September, the zoo announced that it had again been accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums after a review of its animal care, veterinary programs, conservation, education and safety.
      She is accredited with the Cancer Council of Victoria and has a Specialist Breast Cancer Care qualification from La Trobe University.
      The school is not accredited by any national or regional agency, nor certified by the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (which must be obtained to legally grant degrees in Texas).
      Compare accredit, ascribe, and endorse.
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      toad
      təud
      n[C] frog-like animal that lives on land except when breeding
      -
      A distinction between frogs and toads is not made in scientific taxonomy, but is common in popular culture (folk taxonomy), in which toads are associated with drier skin and more terrestrial habitats than animals commonly called frogs.
      The function of the bumps on the skins of toads has been speculated to be to help the animal to blend more effectively into its environment by breaking up its visual outline.[
      How long do frogs and toads live?
      Depending on the species, between 2 to 40 years. The average age for a frog or toad is about 4 to 15 years.
      Frogs and toads will sit very still with their eyes closed. The assumption is that they are asleep, but it is not clear how long they sleep per day.
      During Minnesota winters the frogs and toads become dormant, hibernating either in the aquatic vegetation of lakes and ponds, under the water, or under leaf litter on the ground.
      THE LIFE OF FROGS AND TOADS: http://sites.hamline.edu/cgee/frogs/science/faq1.html
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      ex`as`pe`rate
      ig'zæspəreit
      v[T] make very angry or impatient
      -
      Rachel (Exasperated) Yes, Chandler, that's exactly what it is. It's your hair.
      The Woman (Exasperated) Yes! Yes! Please, just give it to me!
      "Ugh!" "Wonder what she's exasperated about. Hello?"
      It's exasperating when someone seems to treat you in a condescending way, acting as if your interests are inferior to their own.
      It can be exasperating to listen to people talk. They can sound so vague or rambling.
      Compared to Kindle for PC it is clunky and exasperating.
      You can not associate the ePub file extension with it which means you can't double-click an epub file to open it in the app.
      You have to start the Nook PC app, then go to My Library/My Stuff and then click on the ADD New Item button, find your file and select OPEN. What a palaver!
      Compare annoy, exasperate, incinerate, irritate, and frustrate.
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      new`found
      'nufaund
      adj recently discovered
      -
      Monica and Rachel look at Chandler with newfound respect.
      Hardly. A fear of heights is illogical. Fear of falling, on the other hand, is prudent and evolutionary. What would you say is the minimum altitude I need to achieve to cement our newfound friendship?
      Or you take advantage of your newfound economic stability and move out, buy a house, get married. start a family.
      Okay, how about we toast your newfound freedom?
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      spear`head
      'spiəhed
      v[T] lead an organized effort or activity
      n[C] the leader of an organized effort or activity
      -
      In her zeal to gather AIPAC support she spearheaded efforts to restock Israel's supply of cluster bombs, after they used in six weeks in Lebanon, what the U.S. military used in Iraq in year.
      An invasion, if it came, would be spearheaded by well-trained French troops.
      In a recent study spearheaded by GE capital and a group of Europe Business School students, it was established that the middle market companies were the elusive driving force behind the rickety European economy in 2007-2010.
      Podolski will be the spearhead of the Arsenal attack and becomes a big runner in the Premier League top goalscorer market.
      Given this Government's commitment to make IT the Spearhead of the New Irish Economy, there is probably no more appropriate location for a conference to look at these new trends than right here in Dublin.
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