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      v[IT] throw out forcefully, expel ¶ compel to leave
      If you eject someone from a place, you force them to leave.
      The demonstrators were ejected from the hall.
      Compare eject, escort, and exile.
      If you eject someone from a job or position, you make them leave very quickly.
      Many workers have been ejected from their jobs with no warning.
      To eject something means to remove it or push it out forcefully.
      He aimed his rifle, fired a single shot, then ejected the spent cartridge.
      Many scientists have thought for years that the moon was formed during the early days of the solar system when another planet collided with Earth, ejecting fragments of rocky material that condensed into Earth's only satellite.
      If you eject a tape or disk, or if it ejects, it comes out of a machine after you have pressed a particular button.
      Press this button to eject the CD.
      When a pilot ejects from an plane, he or she leaves the aircraft quickly using an ejector seat, usually because the plane is about to crash.
      adj consisting of people or things that are all of the same type
      The US has the benefit of being a large, rather homogeneous market so monster providers like Amazon can take off.
      I had always thought of "bankers" as one homogeneous group, but having interviewed dozens of people in finance over the past few months, I now realise it is a vast and extremely diverse sector.
      It is a liberal democratic country, which has a largely homogeneous population living in peace and harmony.
      Schwartz says Australia's problem is a much tamer, easier issue to resolve than the EU, as it has a much more homogeneous society with a common language, and no centuries-old history and tradition of territorial wars.
      Compare heterogeneous, homogeneous, and homosexual.
      adj intended to destroy the power or influence of a government or an established belief
      n[C] ~ person
      Some of them are sincere in their worry that dangerous elements, like radicals and criminals, will try to befriend youth on Facebook and lure them in subversive activities.
      Sophie's brother, Hans Scholl, was also growing disillusioned with Nazi Germany and in 1937 he was arrested and briefly jailed after being accused of subversive activities.
      He was expelled from Muslim League (Convention) in 1966 for his activities allegedly subversive of the interest of the party.
      It is not subversive of the moral foundation of human society.
      Subversion refers to an attempt to transform the established social order and its structures of power, authority, and hierarchy.
      A subversive is something or someone carrying the potential for some degree of subversion.
      In this context, a "subversive" is sometimes called a "traitor" with respect to (and usually by) the government in power.
      v[T] explain the meaning of, interpret
      Plus it can be construed as a backdoor violation of the Civil Rights Act.
      No information contained herein is to be construed as a recommendation; or an offer to buy or sell.
      This sale is governed by and is to be construed in accordance with the laws and regulations of the province of Ontario (Canada) or as may be otherwise specified by the parties.
      The information presented at this site should not be construed to be formal legal advice nor the formation of a lawyer /client relationship.
      v[IT] move or make sb/sth move ¶ change an attitude or opinion, or make sb do this
      Joey and Phoebe leaned on the door, but it wouldn't budge.
      Eventually, Ross accepted that Emily wasn't going to budge.
      He was not the man to budge an inch from his duty in any circumstances.
      Mr. Micheletti is unwilling to budge, and he does not accept the Arias Plan, a document submitted by Costa Rican President Oscar Arias, a Nobel Peace Prize winner, aimed at ending the crisis in Honduras and restoring Mr. Zelaya to office.
      adj not subject to death ¶ never to be forgotten, everlasting
      Wu Kong is immortal. Not only that, his 72 Transformations gives him 72 extra lives.
      In response, Xerxes sends in his elite guard, the Immortals later that night.
      If there is an immortal soul, why is it wrong to kill someone?
      In the immortal words of Gus Grissom: "People lie. The evidence does not."
      Compare eternal, immortal, invulnerable, and never-ending.
      n[U] the process of knowing, understanding, and learning sth
      In science, cognition is the set of all mental abilities and processes related to knowledge: attention, memory and working memory, judgement and evaluation, reasoning and "computation", problem solving and decision making, comprehension and production of language, etc.
      Working memory is generally used synonymously with short term memory, but this depends on how the two forms of memory are defined.
      Human cognition is conscious and unconscious, concrete or abstract, as well as intuitive (like knowledge of a language) and conceptual (like a model of a language).
      James' major contribution was his textbook Principles of Psychology that preliminarily examines many aspects of cognition like perception, memory, reasoning, and attention to name a few.
      Relatively recent fields of study such as cognitive science and neuropsychology aim to bridge this gap, using cognitive paradigms to understand how the brain implements these information-processing functions (see also cognitive neuroscience), or how pure information-processing systems (e.g., computers) can simulate cognition (see also artificial intelligence).
      Compare cognition and recognition.
      n[U] the quality or condition of being sane, soundness of mind
      Sanity refers to the soundness, rationality and healthiness of the human mind, as opposed to insanity.
      A sane mind is nowadays considered healthy both from its analytical -once called rational- and emotional aspects.
      In criminal and mental health law, sanity is a legal term denoting that an individual is of sound mind and therefore can bear legal responsibility for his or her actions.
      If there is sanity in a situation or activity, there is a purpose and a regular pattern, rather than confusion and worry.
      Thank you President Obama, we need sanity in this time of crisis.
      adj very dangerous, esp because the dangers are not obvious
      Ground, roads, weather conditions etc that are treacherous are particularly dangerous because you cannot see the dangers very easily.
      The map was hand-drawn and the road, once on the mountain, was treacherous.
      Dirt paths carved into the side of the mountain with no guard rails and only one lane winded over steep, foggy cliffs.
      Someone who is treacherous cannot be trusted because they are not loyal and secretly intend to harm you.
      The entire world has united against us with this treacherous government, which has demolished your homes and destroyed the infrastructure.
      The truth is, the Internet is a treacherous place, and one needs to remain constantly on guard against the dangers it poses, as well as appreciative of its benefits.
      n[C] a group of people or organizations that are united
      A confederation (also known as confederacy or league) is a union of political units for common action in relation to other units.
      Usually created by treaty but often later adopting a common constitution, confederations tend to be established for dealing with critical issues (such as defense, foreign affairs, or a common currency), with the central government being required to provide support for all members.
      In a non-political context, confederation is used to describe a type of organization which consolidates authority from other autonomous (or semi-autonomous) bodies.
      Examples include sports confederations or confederations of pan-European trades unions.
      In Canada, the word confederation has an additional, unrelated meaning. "Confederation" refers to the process of (or the event of) establishing or joining the Canadian federal state.
      The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized confederation of secessionist American states existing from 1861–65.
      v[T] give sb the political or legal rights that they did not have before, liberate
      We are going to emancipate ourselves from mental slavery because whilst others might free the body, none but ourselves can free the mind.
      In 1861 in Russia, Czar Alexander II emancipated 47 million serfs.
      Abraham Lincoln's complex moves toward ending slavery centered on the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863.
      Around 20,000 to 50,000 slaves in regions where rebellion had already been subdued were immediately emancipated.
      During this same period, newly emancipated Southern black women form thousands of organizations aimed at "uplifting the race."
      n[C] outward appearance or aspect
      A couple of sisters smuggled illegal golf clubs into Panama in the guise of walking sticks.
      Certain basic foodstuff including rice and cooking oil is subject to very high tariffs (37% in Ghana compared to 12.5% in Ivory Coast) under the guise that it is to protect the local industries.
      A little later another secret bishop, Jacob Baradai, traveled through Syria in the guise of a beggar.
      Some schools were illegal and operated under the guise of a soup kitchen.
      Compare disguise and devise.
      adj mundane or sophisticated
      Every affliction of the worldly life will be recompensed in the afterlife.
      The worshipper may ask Allah for prosperity in this worldly life and in the Hereafter, supplicate Allah to bestow His favors on his parents and other Muslims.
      While there are many notable groups of holy men attending the Khumb Mela, the most famous "characters" are the Naga Babas - naked, ash covered holy men who've given up their worldly possessions in the name of their faith.
      So how is it possible for a king absorbed in worldly affairs to obtain the Lord's special mercy?
      It seems her friends at university are a little more worldly than her.
      adj very unpleasant or ugly
      "I'm hideous." "It's gonna be ok. Ryan's been under water. He's just gonna be so glad that you don't have barnacles on your butt."
      Rachel enters in a hideous pink bride's maid dress.
      Monica looks hideous in her wedding dress.
      Phoebe goes out into the hallway and enters with an even more hideous painting/collage.
      Did my little outburst blunt the hideousness that is this evening?
      The entrance to the dungeon is a moss covered door. You manage to open it only to find yourself face-to-face with a hideous, foul-smelling, moss-covered ogre.
      adj creating a situation that helps sth to happen
      Moreover, this study found that "online learning is much more conducive to the expansion of learning time than is face-to-face instruction."
      Their colonies are known to be very high in CO2 and low in O2, conditions not conducive to insects.
      Long blocks of text are not conducive to easy reading and scanning.
      It's a winding, meandering road. It's really conducive for ambushing.
      In China, the overall business environment is not conducive to ethical conduct, in part because many companies-even large, multinational organizations-have not developed clear, ethical standards for their employees to follow.
      v[T] poison ¶ affect temporarily with diminished physical and mental control ¶ stimulate or excite
      It would be much healthier for the Irish to drink good light wines than to intoxicate themselves with so much of the poison sold as drink in Ireland.
      Sometimes, I advise women to intoxicate themselves with alcohol before sex, so that they can be courageous enough to tell their men how they want it.
      Anything which intoxicates a person and alters the senses is prohibited.
      If you are detained as an intoxicated person Police may release you immediately into the care of a responsible person who is willing to take immediate care of you.
      Mr. Pascal was also caught breaching alcohol requirements of his probation by Columbia Valley Detachment members on the evening of February 17th, after he was kicked out of Copper City Saloon for becoming too intoxicated.
      Compare drunk, high, intoxicated, and sober.
      n[C] a collection of things that sb hides somewhere
      v[IT] gather or accumulate a ~
      A few years ago, archaeologists at nearby Cayonu unearthed a hoard of human skulls. They were found under an altar-like slab, stained with human blood.
      Around 40 minutes later they left, taking with them Bin Laden's body and a hoard of computer data devices and other information containing intelligence about al-Qaeda and Bin Laden's activities.
      Many people panicked and started hoarding food.
      People found hoarding food during the famine were punished.
      None of this enticed the reclusive Malick out of his woodland hidey-hole, however, and he lives there still, hoarding berries.
      Compare cache, hoard, and horde.
      n[C] an owner of a business
      He's the proprietor of the Big Sex Toy Store, an online erotic novelty shop specializing in extreme penetration gear, where the bestseller is an eight-inch PVC slip-on penis-extender.
      Mr. Miller "Bubba" Richards, age fifty, is the proprietor of a mobile-home dealership.
      No sole proprietor could stay in business with those prices.
      If you're a site proprietor, please be sure your site can handle the throughput required before sending in your link.
      I was sole proprietor of a small business and that even a few hours of non-revenue time would be a hardship.
      adj not done or happening when expected or when needed
      I owe you a long overdue apology. I never should've broken up with you because you were overweight.
      Is there anything else? Where would you like to start? He refuses to pay fines when he's overdue with books I lend him. He crashed the Mars Rover while attempting to impress a woman. He recommended that I go see the third Matrix movie because it was, and I quote, just as good as the first one. If that's not irresponsible, I don't know what is.
      "Oh, what a nice surprise. I don't think you've ever seen my lab before." "No, I know. It's long overdue. So, what ya doing? Better not be building a robot girlfriend."
      The Earth's magnetic field flip is much more erratic and has happened approximately 25 times in the last 5 million years. It's been about 740,000 years since the last flip, however, so we're long overdue.
      You'll be sent a statement every month, showing the minimum monthly payment amount you're required to pay and the due date, plus any overdue payments and over limit amounts.
      To calculate the interest payment on overdue bills you take the relevant reference rate and add 8 per cent.
      v[I] leave your own country to live in another country
      But he is determined to "stand up and be counted" on Wednesday, and plans to join the strike. "And if they fire me, I'll emigrate to Brazil or Angola," he says.
      It was not easy for any of your ancestors at any time to emigrate to America. They faced harsh conditions back then, and many suffered and some died on account of things that they had no control of, but their posterity continued.
      Every year some 500,000 people emigrate from Mexico to the United States, where some eight million Mexicans are living without the necessary legal documents, according to specialist agencies.
      For example, both sides of my family emigrated in the 1880's.
      In the year 1839 he emigrated to the then wilderness of California, where he obtained a large grant of land.
      Compare emigrate and immigrate.
      adj very religious or enthusiastic
      I am a Christian, and I am a devout Christian. I believe in the redemptive death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
      Despite his Jewish roots, Capriles is a devout Catholic who wears a rosary.
      An austere figure and a more overtly devout Muslim than his sibling, who rarely prayed at the mosque, officials suspect Abdelkader may have exerted a strong influence on Mohamed since their father returned to Algeria in 2006 or 2007.
      Muhammad demanded his devout followers to burn the houses of those Muslims who do not present themselves for the Islamic prayers.
      Suu Kyi (昂山素季), a devout Buddhist and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, has refused to condemn either side in the violence between the majority Buddhist population and the Rohingya Muslim minority, prompting criticism from international human rights groups.
      A devout hope or wish is one that you feel very strongly.
      I have a devout hope: that president Obama and his national security team show in this month's policy review the courage of their original conviction; and that, in the end, the problems of Helmand, of Afghanistan and of the region are political, not military.
      v[I] peek
      also a noun
      If you peep, or peep at something, you have a quick look at it, often secretly and quietly.
      If something peeps out from behind or under something, a small part of it is visible or becomes visible.
      Fearing that my house has been attacked, I peeped out of my window and saw flames raging from the building facing my house.
      Eventually, curiosity got the better of me and I peeped through the window.
      The shy London sunlight peeped through the blinds.
      When you clear your room, don't forget to have a quick peep under the carpet.
      A peep-hole is small opening in a wall, door, curtain, etc through which one may peep at sth.
      v[T] remove the skin from a fruit or vegetable using a knife ¶ cut the nails of your fingers or toes ¶ reduce the total number or amount of sth
      To pare down the size of your photo file, you need a software program, like Photoshop, that lets you change the density of a graphic. Usually about 800x600 is enough of a reduction to maintain the quality of your photo, but it will also save enough memory to allow a website to load quickly.
      Romney's earlier lead in the popular vote has been pared back to a tiny 335 margin.
      The first day of convention was pared down to two hours, with speeches by George W Bush, Dick Cheney and Arnold Schwarzenegger all cancelled as attention turned south to the hurricane zone.
      Everything is pared down to essentials - Thompson has no time for superfluous decoration.
      And Hugo's expansive 19th-century prose is pared down to sharp, bare sentences, perhaps suitable for a film vision, but not for providing a true sequel to Hugo's work.
      Compare clip, pare, and peel.
      adj having existed for a long time
      New York City may have some long-standing stereotypes and prejudices against it.
      Love is a "long-standing sense of security and comfort."
      Much of the anti-American feeling in the Mideast stems from the United States' long-standing "special relationship" with Israel.
      Fisher is a long-standing critic of the Fed's ultra-easy policy.
      France derives over 75% of its electricity from nuclear energy. This is due to a long-standing policy based on energy security.
      n[U] spying
      Espionage or, casually, spying involves a spy ring, government and company/firm or individual obtaining information considered secret or confidential without the permission of the holder of the information.
      It is crucial to distinguish espionage from "intelligence" gathering, as the latter does not necessarily involve espionage, but often collates open-source information.
      Espionage is often part of an institutional effort by a government or commercial concern.
      Spying involving corporations is known as industrial espionage.
      Events involving espionage are well documented throughout history.
      The ancient writings of Chinese and Indian military strategists such as Sun-Tzu and Chanakya contain information on deception and subversion.