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      adj having won a victory, or ending in a victory
      It would be a different story if he emerged victorious in the 400m, yet he did not.
      Meanwhile, China was victorious in the rest of the events. Ma Long / Wang Hao for the Men Doubles, Li Xiaoxia for the Women Singles and Wang Hao for the Men Singles.
      He said though Romney poses a great threat to his Presidency, Obama will still come out victorious.
      Well, you're my friends. You'll be standing by my side, supporting me, feeding me legal precedents, and if you had the upper body strength, carrying me out on your shoulders when I'm victorious.
      "You remember the Thanksgiving game when it snowed in Dallas?" "1993. Leon Lett blew the game in the final seconds and the Dolphins emerged victorious."
      adj not suitable, simple, graceful or beautiful, common or not in the style preferred by the upper classes of society
      "It's a potty. What do you call it?" "Toilet." "That's a little vulgar for the dinner table, don't you think?"
      Well, this project would have us working in close proximity to one another. And there's the vulgar adage that one should not defecate where one eats.
      The term appears in Grose's 1811 Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue, where one of the definitions is 'any quantity of goods'.
      In a vulgar display of bicep a couple of days ago, National Commission for Women Chairperson Girija Vyas told mediamen, "Who is Renuka Chowdhury to intervene? I am the head of the National Commission for Women."
      come - (vulgar slang) to experience orgasm
      Compare coarse, common, crude, cultured, improper, plebeian, refined, uncouth, vogue, and vulgar.
      adj able to express oneself readily and effortlessly
      Someone who is fluent in a particular language can speak the language easily and correctly.
      Helen's fluent in three languages.
      I have an audition for this play and for some of it I have to speak French. Which, according to my résumé, I'm fluent in.
      I speak fluent Cantonese.
      "You know, I'm really glad you decided to learn Mandarin." "Why?" "Once you're fluent you'll have a billion more people to annoy instead of me."
      Lenin's a fluent Russian speaker.
      If your speech, reading, or writing is fluent, you speak, read, or write easily, smoothly, and clearly with no mistakes.
      As a lecturer, he is fluent and witty.
      I like her fluent uncomplicated style of writing.
      Compare falter, fluent, stammer, and stutter.
      n[C] sb who carries messages between people who are unwilling or unable to meet
      A Catholic priest only acts as an intermediary between the confessor and GOD.
      The shaman is an intermediary between the physical and spiritual world.
      She says that for several days she was an intermediary in the surrender negotiations, taking phone calls from the Tigers leadership and the UN.
      Recall that it was Algeria that was the intermediary for the release of American hostages in Iran in 1981.
      Why not eliminate the middle man. We could install a small server farm with a static IP in her bedroom.
      Compare intermediate, mediate, mediator, and intervene.
      v[T] express in a shorter, clearer, or different way what sb has said or written
      also a noun
      Well, uh, to paraphrase Shakespeare, It's better to have loved and lost than to stay home every night and download increasingly shameful pornography (It is better to have loved and lost than never to have loved at all).
      To paraphrase Coco Chanel, you can never go wrong with a little black case (You can never go wrong with a little black dress).
      After the jersey suit, the concept of the little black dress is often cited as a Chanel contribution to the fashion lexicon and as an article of clothing survives to this day.
      Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel (19 August 1883 – 10 January 1971) was a French fashion designer and founder of the Chanel brand.
      To paraphrase Mark Twain, "We are all ignorant, just about different things".
      Another popular Ford quote ("History is bunk") is a paraphrase of what he actually said ("History is more or less bunk").
      If you describe something as bunk, you think that it is foolish or untrue (=bunkum, nonsense).
      Buncombe is a county in North Carolina, whose congressman in 1820 made a long pointless speech to impress the voters there.
      Seek first to understand, then to be understood: A paraphrase of the prayer of St. Francis.
      Compare cite, paraphrase, paragraph, quote, recite, and reinterpret.
      n[C] hole so deep that it seems to have no bottom ¶ a very dangerous or frightening situation ¶ a very big difference that separates two people or groups
      AUV Abyss is an autonomous underwater vehicle of the REMUS 6000 type and was built in 2008 by Hydroid, LLC (USA).
      The Abyss is a 1989 science fiction film written and directed by James Cameron.
      If a game isn't well positioned, if it doesn't have the right messaging attached to the right price point, or the correct market, it will quickly disappear into the abyss.
      Cuba's leaders face a serious internal crisis; meanwhile they continue to express loyalty to socialism and rely on a fledgling and confined private sector to save the national economy. The island now finds itself at the edge of an abyss.
      In religion, an abyss is a bottomless pit, or also a chasm that may lead to the underworld, the ocean floor or hell.
      The Luciferian Path instructs the student to awaken darkness, to manifest demons from the abyss of the Subconscious and master them - the end result being self-mastery and the transformation into a Luciferic Spirit.
      The Mariana Trench or Marianas Trench is the deepest part of the world's oceans. It is located in the western Pacific Ocean, to the east of the Mariana Islands.
      It reaches a maximum-known depth of 10,994 m (± 40 m) or 6.831 mi (36,070 ± 131 ft) at the Challenger Deep, a small slot-shaped valley in its floor, at its southern end, although some unrepeated measurements place the deepest portion at 11.03 kilometres (6.85 mi).
      Compare abyss, breach, chasm, cleft, crack, gap, pit, and trench.
      v[T] remove dirty or harmful substances from sth ¶ make a person holy or without evil
      Purifying water may reduce the concentration of particulate matter including suspended particles, parasites, bacteria, algae, viruses, fungi, as well as reducing the amount of a range of dissolved and particulate material derived from the surfaces that come from runoff due to rain.
      The first documented use of sand filters to purify the water supply dates to 1804.
      The first step in purifying surface water is to remove large debris such as sticks, leaves, rubbish and other large particles which may interfere with subsequent purification steps.
      If confess our sins, he is will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.
      Oh my God, the air purifier! Ross's air purifier! All I heard through 4 years of college was (makes a humming noise.)
      Portable water purification devices – better described as point-of-use (POU) water treatment systems and field water disinfection techniques – are self-contained units that can be used by recreational enthusiasts, military personnel, survivalists, and others who must obtain drinking water from untreated sources (e.g., rivers, lakes, groundwater etc.).
      Techniques include boiling, filtration, activated charcoal absorption, chemical disinfection, ultraviolet purification, ozone water disinfection, solar water disinfection, solar distillation and homemade water filters.
      suffix things made of a particular material, used in a particular place for the preparation or serving of food, or used in operating a computer
      Glassware consists of objects made of glass, such as bowls, drinking containers, and ornaments.
      You can use silverware to refer to all the things in a house that are made of silver, especially the cutlery and dishes.
      Ovenware is dishes that you can use in an oven.
      Tableware consists of the objects used on the table at meals, for example plates, glasses, or cutlery.
      Computer programs are referred to as software.
      Shareware is computer software that you can try before deciding whether or not to buy the legal right to use it.
      In computer systems, hardware refers to the machines themselves as opposed to the programs which tell the machines what to do.
      Military hardware is the machinery and equipment that is used by the armed forces, such as tanks, aircraft, and missiles.
      Hardware refers to tools and equipment that are used in the home and garden, for example saucepans, screwdrivers, and lawnmowers.
      A hardware store is a shop where articles for the house and garden such as tools, nails, and pans are sold.
      v[IT] reproduce ¶ cause an organism to multiply or breed ¶ spread an idea, belief etc to many people ¶ transmit
      If an animal, cell, etc propagates, it increases in number by reproduction.
      If you propagate plants, you grow more of them from the original ones.
      Animal mates as many animal as possible and this helps to propagate the species.
      Trees propagate themselves by seeds.
      The thousands of people you see waiting for auditions in the early stages have been herded up to create an impression of mass hysteria, and propagate the idea that any joe off the street can be a star.
      The New England Company was founded in 1649 to propagate the Gospel in New England and the parts adjacent in America.
      Our hope is that the book will help readers to gain confidence to defend their right to profess, practice and propagate their religion and to remain vigilant in defending their religious rights.
      A threesome is a group of three people.
      NASA said scientists had been waiting for the crack to propagate through the rest of the ice shelf and release an iceberg.
      These wrinkle in space propagate through the universe and should produce a measurable polarization pattern in the CMBR.
      n[C] a farming machine with sharp metal blades
      also a verb
      In agriculture, a harrow is an implement for breaking up and smoothing out the surface of the soil.
      In this way it is distinct in its effect from the plough, which is used for deeper tillage.
      Harrow is a surname. Jonas Harrow, an enemy of Spider-Man in the Marvel Comics universe.
      The Battle of the Harrow took place on 26 May 1798 and was the first clash of the 1798 rebellion in County Wexford.
      Harrow School, commonly referred to as "Harrow", is an English independent school for boys situated in the town of Harrow, in north-west London.
      There is some evidence that there has been a school on the site since 1243, but the Harrow School of today was formally founded in 1572 by John Lyon under a Royal Charter of Elizabeth I.
      Harrow is one of the original nine public schools that were regulated by the Public Schools Act 1868.
      The School has an enrollment of 814 boys spread across twelve boarding houses, all of whom board full-time.
      Harrow College is the largest college in the London Borough of Harrow. It opened in 1999 following a merger of two former local colleges, Greenhill College (located in the centre of Harrow Town) and Weald College (10 minutes away in neighbouring town Wealdstone).
      Harrow International School Beijing (simplified Chinese: 北京哈罗英国学校) is a private school located in Chaoyang District, Beijing, China.
      It was established and gained its license to operate in China in 2005 in association with Harrow School (London, UK) and Harrow International School, Bangkok.
      Eton commonly refers to Eton College, a public (independent) school in Eton, Berkshire, England.
      Eton College, often informally referred to simply as Eton, is an English single-sex boys' independent boarding school located in Eton, Berkshire, near Windsor.
      n[C] a strange effect in a desert or on the ocean in which you see sth that is not really there ¶ illusion
      A mirage is a naturally occurring optical phenomenon in which light rays are bent to produce a displaced image of distant objects or the sky.
      The word comes to English via the French mirage, from the Latin mirari, meaning "to look at, to wonder at". This is the same root as for "mirror" and "to admire".
      In contrast to a hallucination, a mirage is a real optical phenomenon that can be captured on camera, since light rays are actually refracted to form the false image at the observer's location.
      Mirages can be categorized as "inferior" (meaning lower), "superior" (meaning higher) and "Fata Morgana", one kind of superior mirage consisting of a series of unusually elaborate, vertically stacked images, which form one rapidly changing mirage.
      For exhausted travelers in the desert, an inferior mirage may appear to be a lake of water in the distance.
      An inferior mirage is called "inferior" because the mirage is located under the real object.
      The real object in an inferior mirage is the (blue) sky or any distant (therefore bluish) object in that same direction.
      The mirage causes the observer to see a bright and bluish patch on the ground in the distance.
      Heat haze, also called heat shimmer, refers to the inferior mirage experienced when viewing objects through a layer of heated air; for example, viewing objects across hot asphalt or through the exhaust gases produced by jet engines.
      The conditions for producing a mirage can take place at night. Under most conditions, these are not observed.
      After trekking across the desert and nearly dying of dehydration, Tintin and Haddock are rescued and taken to a French outpost, where they hear on the radio the storm sunk the Karaboudjan.
      We have to be very careful that we're not lured by the mirage of success.
      Goofy is a funny animal cartoon character created in 1932 at Walt Disney Productions.
      Goofy is a tall, anthropomorphic dog, and typically wears a turtle neck and vest, with pants, shoes, white gloves, and a tall hat originally designed as a rumpled fedora.
      adj misty or vague
      Air that is hazy is not clear because there is a lot of smoke, dust, or mist in it.
      Good afternoon all. After a cloudy start, the sun is shining here but it's fairly hazy.
      I washed one of the duvets this morning but when trying to hang it on the line, half dropped it and ended up with dirt all over one corner.
      So back it went in the washing machine.
      Men often wake up after having "beer" with only hazy memories of what happened to them the night before, just a vague feeling that something bad occurred.
      From my hazy recollection of high school science class when light shines on an object - say a red wall - the object in fact absorbs the light and reflects back the ones it can not absorb.
      I saw an interview with Steve Jobs a while ago, my memory of it is a bit hazy, but he said that he wanted to develop a tablet product, with a multi-touch screen.
      Use a cover lens to protect the filter shade lens. Replace the cover lens if it gets scratched or hazy.
      n[U] the ability to invent things and think of new ideas
      You are completely underrating the ingenuity of the Australian people.
      Lydia was impressed by the ingenuity of the work.
      We have been amazed at the quality of the content and the ingenuity of the Flickr community in creating it.
      It requires a great deal of ingenuity and creativity to design habitable buildings on narrow plots of land.
      A person who possesses the qualities of ingenuity and creativity, who has the courage to traverse untrodden areas is the person who will lead others on to the path of success and progress.
      n[U] delight
      Glee is a feeling of happiness and excitement, often caused by someone else's misfortune.
      "Sarah!?" I called out as I ran to her. "Mike!?" she responded with glee.
      During the NSW RFAs, there was a team of ecologists employed to assess the negative impacts of selective logging on biodiversity in State Forests. They were rubbing their hands with glee at the prospect of showing up the destructive nature of the operations. To their dismay, they found the impacts of logging were negligible compared to the impacts of fire and grazing.
      Ok, I'm sensing this is some kind of word play, because you are pink with barely controlled glee.
      Ok, do me. I've had a certain number of juices. (Monica just gleefully smiles at Phoebe.)
      I was gleefully following you to a life of crime, looking forward to the day we might be cell mates. I don't know about Bernadette.
      v[I] argue with sb about sth that is not important
      also a noun
      Monica and Rachel start to squabble.
      Ross keeps squabbling with Monica about who is going to get the Gellar Cup.
      All right, now that's enough juvenile squabbling. You stop it. Stop it, I say! I'm gonna settle this right now.
      They can't share a 16 piece KFC bargain bucket without having a squabble over who gets a second drumstick.
      Maybe they had a squabble and she simply changed her mind.
      Compare bicker, quarrel, and squabble.
      n[CU] the whole of sth
      In psychology, the psyche is the totality of the human mind, conscious and unconscious.
      A judge can find probable cause only be examining the totality of the circumstances.
      I don't think too many people judge people on single actions but the totality of their actions.
      About the reasons enumerated by you for low quality education, I beg to differ with you in totality.
      Residents across the rest of the country will be able to witness Wednesday's eclipse first hand, but not in its totality.
      It is important to note that these figures do not represent a totality of Israeli projectiles fired into Gaza but rather only Israeli projectiles fired into Gaza which cause casualties.
      n[CU] a difficult or unlucky situation or event
      It is our job to teach them to continue to have faith even in the face of adversity.
      Sustain hope and positivity, especially in times of adversity.
      And pay no attention to friends and family who will always tell you you'll never succeed. Don't be afraid of adversity.
      Get to know Allah in prosperity and He will know you in adversity.
      It does show what well managed teams can do when faced with adversity.
      Good can triumph over evil. Hope can triumph over adversity.
      Nothing worth doing is ever simple or easy. But if you keep a positive outlook, you'll overcome adversity.
      It teaches preparation and how to win and lose. It teaches to struggle through adversity.
      "I can't press any of the buttons with my gloves. Oh, son of a bitch." "Adversity is to be expected. Continue."
      Compare adversity, affliction, hardship, misfortune, and trouble.
      n[U] massive slaughter, massacre
      The Battle of the Somme was a scene of dreadful carnage. The Somme is a river in northeast France, or the area close to this river where several important battles were fought during World War I.
      The biggest of these began in July 1916, when 60,000 British soldiers were killed or injured on the first day of the battle.
      It opens with the return of a soldier from the carnage of the Pacific war and his drift into religious madness over the terminal sickness of his wife.
      The carnage of the Columbine High School Massacre by gunmen Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold on April 20 1999 near Littleton, Colorado was one of the deadliest massacres in history of all schools in the US, which led to the' Columbine Effect' - new security measures in schools including metal detectors and see-through backpacks.
      Who can forget the carnage in the Lebanese village of Qana in the spring of 1996, after Israeli soldiers mistakenly shelled a community centre, killing 106 of the occupants? Or the onslaught against Hamas militants in Gaza last Christmas?
      Mr. Weiss lays most of the blame for the carnage at the door of the Sri Lankan government, which tends to dismiss virtually all criticism as propaganda by the country's enemies.
      Compare carcass, carnage, corpse, and corpus.
      n[C] a pointed stone decoration, like a small tower ¶ the top of a very high mountain ¶ highest point
      A pinnacle is an architectural ornament originally forming the cap or crown of a buttress or small turret, but afterwards used on parapets at the corners of towers and in many other situations.
      Pinnacles on King's College Chapel, Cambridge.
      The Pinnacle is local high point on the Blue Mountain ridge of the Appalachian Mountains.
      Due to its location on the Appalachian Trail, and its reputation as one of the best views in Pennsylvania, the Pinnacle is heavily used by hikers.
      For the less wealthy and poor, the Victorian era was the pinnacle of the Industrial Revolution in another way.
      At what should have been the pinnacle of his career, he suffered a complete emotional breakdown.s
      Some bosses work hard to reach the pinnacle of success.
      His formal role as head of state and his position at the pinnacle of power in Russia, where his blessing is seen as indispensable for everything from legislation to oil deals, makes any illness or medical treatment highly sensitive.
      Compare peak, pinnacle, paramount, and summit.
      adj between or among the stars
      In the summer of 1977, NASA sent Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 on an epic journey into interstellar space. Each spacecraft carries a golden record album, a massive compilation of images and sounds embodying the best of Planet Earth.
      Voyager 2 is a 722 kg (1,592 lb) space probe launched by NASA on August 20, 1977 to study the outer Solar System and eventually interstellar space.
      It was actually launched before Voyager 1, but Voyager 1 moved faster and eventually passed it.
      Voyager 2 has been operating for 37 years, 7 months and 23 days as of 12 April 2015, and the Deep Space Network is still receiving its data transmissions.
      It is one of the most distant human-made objects (along with Voyager 1, Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11).
      Voyager 2 is part of the Voyager program with its identical sister craft Voyager 1, and is in extended mission, tasked with locating and studying the boundaries of the Solar System, including the Kuiper belt, the heliosphere, and interstellar space.
      On September 12, 2013, NASA confirmed that Voyager 1 had crossed the heliopause and entered interstellar space on August 25, 2012, making it the first spacecraft to do so.
      NASA's Voyager 1 has reached the edge of our solar system and its is flying out into interstellar space. The craft built by NASA and launched in 1977, traveling at 17 km/second, is now 17,970,000,000km or 11,100,000,000 miles away from the Earth.
      You mean where they were advanced enough to invent an interstellar warp drive, but a black lady still answered the space phone?
      A nebula (Latin for "cloud"; plural nebulae or nebulas) is an interstellar cloud of dust, hydrogen, helium and other ionized gases.
      Stellar is used to describe anything connected with stars.
      n[U] a gas that is lighter than air, often used for lifting large balloons
      Helium is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.
      It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, non-toxic, inert, monatomic gas that heads the noble gas group in the periodic table.
      Helium is the second lightest element and is the second most abundant element in the observable universe, being present at about 24% of the total elemental mass, which is more than 12 times the mass of all the heavier elements combined.
      Helium is named for the Greek god of the Sun, Helios.
      Liquid helium is used in cryogenics (its largest single use, absorbing about a quarter of production), particularly in the cooling of superconducting magnets, with the main commercial application being in MRI scanners.
      Helium's other industrial uses—as a pressurizing and purge gas, as a protective atmosphere for arc welding and in processes such as growing crystals to make silicon wafers—account for half of the gas produced.
      A well-known but minor use is as a lifting gas in balloons and airships.
      The first evidence of helium was observed on August 18, 1868 as a bright yellow line with a wavelength of 587.49 nanometers in the spectrum of the chromosphere of the Sun.
      adj located at or forming the back or rear, posterior
      n[C] a female deer
      The cat flinched at the flame, stretching its jaws in a silent snarl. It crouched on its hind legs, muscles tensed, tail whipping.
      Another man leads his dog on its hind legs, holding on to the front paws, like a dancing bear.
      The magnificent grey colt flicked its tail at a fly buzzing around its hind legs.
      "The cheetah's back functions as an extension of its hind legs," Dr. Wilson points out, its spine coiling and extending with each stride, as ours can not.
      If someone talks the hind legs off a donkey, they talk a lot, especially about unimportant things.
      Compare buck, doe, hind, moose, stag, and sika.
      n[C] sb who is made to bear the blame of others
      also a verb
      In ancient Greece a cripple or beggar or criminal was cast out of the community, either in response to a natural disaster (such as a plague, famine or an invasion) or in response to a calendrical crisis (such as the end of the year).
      In the Bible, the goat for Azazel was a goat that was designated to be outcast in the desert as part of the ceremonies of the Day of Atonement (the holiest day of the year for the Jewish people).
      In psychology and sociology, the practice of selecting someone as a scapegoat has led to the concept of scapegoating.
      My client was made a scapegoat for the drug abuse and erratic behaviour of Britney Spears.
      Do you think you have been made the scapegoat for the failure in Geneva?
      They do many things wrong, but in this case they are absolutely being scapegoated.
      adj very thin ¶ bare and unattractive
      He recalls his first meeting with a gaunt, bearded Ivens on Christmas Day, 1944.
      A gaunt, broken-looking man, Mr. Ahdal once worked as a street sweeper.
      Joe rides day and night and reaches home at sunrise on Christmas morning, tired and dusty, gaunt and haggard, but with his last cheque intact.
      When Harry Potter first saw him in the Shrieking Shack, in 1994, he had a gaunt, sunken face, waxy skin, yellow teeth, and long, matted hair; Harry thought he looked as a corpse might.
      There was forest on both sides then, suddenly, a clearing on my right, and big house, isolated, gaunt and shabby, with a dreadful air of evil about it, like the opening scene of a horror movie.
      Passing under the Deeps bridge we pass Killurin on the west bank and the gaunt ruin of the Deeps castle can be seen on the east bank as we round a bend in the river.
      Compare bony, gaunt, skinny, skeletal, slender, and slim.
      n[UC] strong dislike or hatred, hostility
      The animosity between Annie and Vicki Swallow comes to a head after Annie tends to the sergeant's sprained ankle, and Vicki realises that she is competing in the dance competition.
      If a problem or difficult situation comes to a head, or something brings it to a head, it suddenly becomes worse and has to be dealt with quickly.
      The animosity between the PM and Michelle Gratten was palpable.
      Certainly, I think some of the crime is directly related to the animosity between two families.
      It agitates the community with ill-founded jealousies and false alarms, kindles the animosity of one part against another, foments occasionally riot and insurrection.
      As a retired farmer I am grieved by the animosity that has been created by the Wheat Board debate.