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      tor`rent
      'tɔrənt
      n[C] a fast flowing stream
      -
      The water below was in a torrent, and we could see how the waves buffeted the structure.
      News of his death set off a torrent of reaction in social media.
      Eventually, the torrent of words slowed and they began to pay attention to each other's words.
      In Iceland, torrents of water have carried away chunks of ice the size of small houses.
      BitTorrent is a protocol supporting the practice of peer-to-peer file sharing that is used to distribute large amounts of data over the Internet.
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      snug
      snʌg
      adj fitting closely to your body or fitting closely into a space ¶ cozy
      -
      Thanks to my friend Jennie who suggest me to buy Adira period panties. It has a snug fit and keeps me stain free.
      "My word! Those are snug," said Chandler, noticing that Joey is wearing some really tight jeans.
      The board should be a snug fit against the wall and without any wobble.
      None but those whose bed for months has been on snow and ice can realise the luxury of a real bunk, blankets and pillow, in a snug little cabin.
      Someone who is snug feels comfortable, happy, and warm.
      The day was cold and damp but a huge log fire blazed in the bedchamber and the cradle was covered with warm furs. The baby was safe and snug.
      "Snug as a bug in a rug" means "very snug".
      Compare slug and snug.
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      trib`u`ta`ry
      'tribjutəri
      n[C] a stream or river that flows into a larger river
      -
      A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a main stem (or parent) river or a lake.
      A tributary does not flow directly into a sea or ocean.
      A confluence, where two or more bodies of water meet together, usually refers to the joining of tributaries.
      The opposite to a tributary is a distributary, a river or stream that branches off from and flows away from the main stream.
      Many tributaries flow into the Mississippi River, making it one of the longest rivers in the world.
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      pen`chant
      'pentʃənt
      n[s] a definite liking, fondness
      -
      Phoebe's a baking fanatic with a penchant for dark chocolate chip cookies.
      Thought of as an eccentric by the locals, she became known for her penchant for white clothing.
      So far they have shown disdain for workers and a penchant for greed, violence and materialism.
      Nina Yau has been writing since the age of five. With a penchant for adventure, she completed her first international flight alone at age six to Taiwan with nothing more than a small duffel bag and a stuffed kitten in tow.
      What annoys me about Wikipedia is the people's penchant for rewording other people's stuff.
      Compare inclination, penchant, predilection, and preference.
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      squirt
      skwə:t
      v[IT] force a liquid to flow out through a narrow opening in a fast stream
      also a noun
      -
      Took me to lunch at the Russian Tea Room, and I had that chicken, you know when you poke it and all the butter squirts out.
      "Duh, I think I know how to heat breast milk. Ok." said Phoebe, squirting some on her wrist and tastes it.
      Joey hands him the bottle and Ross squirts some on his arm.
      "Here you go!" said Monica, squirting some of the grease along Joey's face.
      And he starts licking the grease which trickles down his face. Monica also squirts some on the other side of his face, and his tongue follows her movements.
      Well, there's no way I'm gonna get a shot. Maybe they can take the needle you know and squirt it into my mouth, you know, like a squirt gun.
      A water gun (or water pistol, squirt gun, or water blaster) is a type of toy gun designed to shoot water or liquid in science terms.
      Chandler looks around, opens his desk drawer, takes a puff of a cigarette, sprays around some air freshener, and takes some breath spray. He types for a little while, opens the drawer again, and takes another drag of the cigarette. While not paying attention, he sprays the breath spray around the room, takes a squirt of air freshener and gags.
      "Bad Leonard." said Sheldon, squirting water at him.
      Now, let's assume, by some miracle, you actually catch a fish. You're gonna have to know how to gut it. So, what you're gonna do is you're gonna take your knife, slice him right up the belly. Now, you don't wanna cut too deep into its guts, or the blood will just squirt all over your face.
      "I'm gonna do it. I'm gonna ask her out." "I'm gonna squirt chocolate milk out of my nipples. Sorry, I thought we're saying things that are never gonna happen."
      You don't know? Oh, you poor dear. Your ovaries are squirting so much goofy juice into your brains you don't even know which way is up. You made an inappropriate sexual advance towards Dr. Hofstadter.
      That's Leonard, says he loves you. What? I see. The whole thing's bull squirt, huh? Well, that's very disappointing. Bye.
      Compare gush, spray, spout, spurt, and squirt.
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      de`gen`e`rate
      di'dʒenəreit
      v[I] become worse
      adj morally unacceptable
      n[C] sb whose behavior is considered to be ~
      -
      They degenerate into bickering and Chandler happily starts to smoke, undisturbed.
      The resulting campaign has degenerated into a five-week harangue attacking refugees, immigrants, and welfare recipients.
      In 2010, he caught a cold and quickly degenerated into a near-coma state.
      Modern art has never looked as degenerate as it did in Germany before Hitler imposed his vision of banal beauty.
      The research firm has likened it to "what a degenerate gambler might say to his friends and family in order to get more money to gamble."
      Yeah, they say don't meet your heroes. Don't peek behind that curtain of fame and celebrity, because if you do, you'll see them as they really are, degenerate carnival folk.
      Kagura has gotten fat because of her recent degenerate lifestyle.
      I have got to make up for 10 years of living like a degenerate.
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      quar`an`tine
      'kwɔrənti:n
      n[U] a state of enforced isolation
      also a verb
      -
      A quarantine is used to separate and restrict the movement of persons; it is a 'state of enforced isolation'. This is often used in connection to disease and illness, such as those who may possibly have been exposed to a communicable disease.
      The term is often erroneously used to mean medical isolation, which is "to separate ill persons who have a communicable disease from those who are healthy."
      The word comes from the Italian (seventeenth-century Venetian) quaranta, meaning forty, which is the number of days ships were required to be isolated before passengers and crew could go ashore during the Black Death plague epidemic.
      Quarantine can be applied to humans, but also to animals of various kinds, and both as part of border control as well as within a country.
      The quarantining of people often raises questions of civil rights, especially in cases of long confinement or segregation from society, such as that of Mary Mallon (aka Typhoid Mary), a typhoid fever carrier who spent the last 24 years of her life under quarantine.
      Quarantine periods can be very short, such as in the case of a suspected anthrax attack, in which persons are allowed to leave as soon as they shed their potentially contaminated garments and undergo a decontamination shower.
      For example, an article entitled "Daily News workers quarantined" describes a brief quarantine that lasted until people could be showered in a decontamination tent.
      Australia has perhaps the world's strictest quarantine standards. Quarantine in northern Australia is important because of its proximity to South-east Asia and the Pacific, which have many pests and diseases not present in Australia.
      There are three quarantine Acts of Parliament in Canada: Quarantine Act (humans) and Health of Animals Act (animals) and Plant Protection Act (vegetations).
      The United States puts immediate quarantines on imported products if the disease can be traced back to a certain shipment or product.
      Quarantine law began in Colonial America in 1663, when in an attempt to curb an outbreak of smallpox, the city of New York established a quarantine.
      In the 1730s, the city built a quarantine station on the Bedloe's Island.
      U.S. President John F. Kennedy euphemistically referred to the U.S. Navy's interdiction of shipping en route to Cuba during the Cuban missile crisis as a "quarantine" rather than a blockade, because a quarantine is a legal act in peacetime, whereas a blockade is defined as an act of aggression under the U.N. Charter.
      In computer science, "quarantining" describes putting files infected by computer viruses into a special directory, so as to eliminate the threat they pose, without irreversibly deleting them.
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      teem
      ti:m
      v[I] rain very heavily
      -
      If it is teeming or teeming down, a lot of rain is falling.
      If someone says that it was raining cats and dogs, do you think that actual family pets are falling from the sky?
      If you say that a place is teeming with people or animals, you mean that it is crowded and the people and animals are moving around a lot.
      And God said, "Let the water teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the sky."
      South Africa boasts a huge collection of wildlife regions and game parks - both public and private - encompassing every possible landscape from deserts to forests, mountains to coast, teeming with wildlife species - including Africa's Big 5; Leopard, Lion, Buffalo, Elephant and Rhinoceros.
      With about 26,000 people per square kilometre, Hong Kong teems with life.
      Another hot issue will be on job creation for the teeming unemployed youth.
      Compare abundant, scarce, and teem.
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      de`cry
      di'krai
      v[T] condemn
      -
      I know people decry it as being unfair - but life is unfair.
      I don't decry the fact that such social media connect true friends over long distance, but don't forget there are a plethora of better means to do so: phone, skype, letter and email, to start.
      Mr. Findlay decries the rise of art as an asset class, the circus that auctions have become and the fact that, as the prices have climbed, we've stopped looking at the paintings themselves.
      The army chief also decried the fact that access to illegal weapons made criminals and militants bolder when facing security agents, which made it more difficult to fight them.
      Since September 11, Muslims have staged a wave of protests in more than 20 countries decrying the film and the nation in which it was privately produced, the United States.
      Compare decry and denounce.
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      me`te`o`rol`o`gy
      mi:tiə'rɔlədʒi
      n[U] the interdisciplinary scientific study of the atmosphere
      -
      Studies in the field stretch back millennia, though significant progress in meteorology did not occur until the 18th century.
      Meteorology, climatology, atmospheric physics, and atmospheric chemistry are sub-disciplines of the atmospheric sciences.
      Meteorology has application in many diverse fields such as the military, energy production, transport, agriculture and construction.
      The word "meteorology" is from Greek μετέωρος metéōros "lofty; high (in the sky)" (from μετα- meta- "above" and ἀείρω aeiro "I lift up") and -λογία -logia "-(o)logy".
      The beginnings of meteorology can be traced back to ancient India, as the Upanishads contain serious discussion about the processes of cloud formation and rain and the seasonal cycles caused by the movement of earth around the sun.
      Aristotle is considered the founder of meteorology.
      One of the most impressive achievements described in the Meteorology is the description of what is now known as the hydrologic cycle.
      Metrology is the science of measurement.
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      oc`cu`pan`cy
      'ɔkjupənsi
      n[U] the use or period of use of a place
      -
      Hotel rooms can vary from single and double occupancy to family and honeymoon accommodations.
      Resort hotels often offer discounted rates on rooms when occupancy is low.
      Occupancy tends to be lower in the winter than in the summer.
      Double occupancy is also available for anyone would like to share a room with a like-minded seminar participant of the same gender and save $160.
      Very well. Count the first, on or about the 28th day of April, the accused did knowingly and with malice aforethought deny access to the shared bathroom in a time of emergency, to wit, my back teeth were floating. Count the second, the accused exceeded the agreed upon occupancy of the shower, to wit, one, unless we are under attack by water-soluble aliens.
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      o`ver`rid`ing
      əuvə'raidiŋ
      adj more important than anything else
      -
      A woman's overriding concern is that her baby should have the best chance for a good life.
      Others were completing beyond forty kilometres in the day. The overriding factor is to listen to your body, and respond accordingly.
      The overriding objective of the AIA was to create a law that was as transparent as possible.
      Our overriding goal is to reduce poverty and our work focuses on the poorest and most disadvantaged people, including women and the elderly.
      At this point, these details are not of overriding importance.
      The portfolio manager's overriding principle, however, should be to adjust his asset allocation to match investors' investment horizons through time rather than trying to time the market's ups and downs.
      Do you have an overriding reason to choose one or the other?
      Is there an overriding theme to the festival?
      Apathy is the overriding feeling out there in the community.
      Our overriding priority is to promote deeper economic cooperation.
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      plumb`er
      'plʌmə
      n[C] sb whose job is to repair water pipes, baths, toilets etc
      -
      A plumber is a tradesperson who specializes in installing and maintaining systems used for potable (drinking) water, sewage, and drainage in plumbing systems.
      The word "plumber" dates from the Roman Empire. The Latin for lead is plumbum. Roman roofs used lead in conduits and drain pipes and some were also covered with lead, lead was also used for piping and for making baths.
      In medieval times anyone who worked with lead was referred to as a plumber.
      Years of training and/or experience are needed to become a skilled plumber; some jurisdictions also require that plumbers be licensed.
      Each state and locality may have its own licensing and taxing schemes for plumbers.
      Plumbers in the United Kingdom are required to pass Level 2 and Level 3 vocational requirements of the City and Guilds of London Institute.
      The term "White House Plumbers" was a popular name given to the covert White House Special Investigations Unit established on July 24, 1971 during the presidency of Richard Nixon. Their job was to plug intelligence "leaks" in the U.S. Government relating to the Vietnam War (i.e. the Pentagon Papers); hence the term "plumbers".
      When is the plumber coming to mend the burst pipe?
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      tan`ta`lize
      'tæntəlaiz
      v[IT] excite sb by exposing sth desirable while keeping it out of reach
      -
      Tantalus was a Greek mythological figure, most famous for his eternal punishment in Tartarus. He was made to stand in a pool of water beneath a fruit tree with low branches, with the fruit ever eluding his grasp, and the water always receding before he could take a drink.
      The restaurant is renowned for its signature dishes, the countless tantalizing, aromatic crab preparations.
      The hardware specs are tantalizing, but a non-removeable battery is a show stopper for me.
      Previous moon missions have already provided tantalizing hints of water.
      Through the summer, analysts kept finding tantalizing hints that Voyager-1 had reached this interstellar space.
      The tools of neuroscience offer tantalizing glimpses into the inner workings of the brain.
      Caribbean sea can be seen from the highest point and tantalizing glimpses from the lower level.
      "We need to fabricate a tantalizing piece of gossip," said Amy.
      Compare enchant, seduce, tantalize, and tease.
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      in`som`ni`a
      in'sɔmniə
      n[U] inability to sleep
      -
      Insomnia, or sleeplessness, is a sleep disorder in which there is an inability to fall asleep or to stay asleep as long as desired.
      Insomnia can occur at any age, but it is particularly common in the elderly.
      Insomnia can be short term (up to three weeks) or long term (above 3-4 weeks); it can lead to memory problems, depression, irritability and an increased risk of heart disease and automobile related accidents.
      Those who are having trouble sleeping sometimes turn to sleeping pills, which can help when used occasionally but may lead to substance dependency or addiction if used regularly for an extended period.
      Compare hernia, insomnia, mania, neurasthenia, and pneumonia.
      Changes in levels of cortisol, progesterone in the female cycle, or estrogen during menopause are correlated with increased occurrences of insomnia.
      In medicine, insomnia is widely measured using the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS). AIS was first introduced in the year 2000 by a group of researchers from Athens, Greece to assess the insomnia symptoms in patients with sleep disorders. It is measured by assessing eight factors (as tabulated below) amongst which first five factors are related to nocturnal sleep and last three factors are related to daytime dysfunction.
      "I'm not surprised. A well-known folk cure for insomnia is to break in your neighbor's apartment and clean," said Leonard.
      Interesting. So you're saying my insomnia is caused by a guilty conscience.
      Actually, you don't have insomnia. You're sleeping now. You're having a guilt-ridden dream.
      Do you have any evidence to support that hypothesis?
      How about that Gorn sitting on the couch?
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      crutch
      krʌtʃ
      n[C] a mobility aid that transfers weight from the legs to the upper body ¶ the part of your body between the tops of your legs
      -
      A crutch is a stick that fits under your arm so that you can lean on it and walk when your leg or foot is injured.
      With underarm crutches, sometimes a towel or some kind of soft cover is needed to prevent or reduce under arm injury.
      The knee scooter and the wheelchair are possible alternatives for patients who cannot use or do not like crutches.
      Compare crotch, crutch, and walking-stick.
      BAFX Products® - 2 Pack - Anti Shock Hiking / Walking / Trekking Trail Poles - 1 Pair
      An alpenstock is a long wooden pole with an iron spike tip, used by shepherds for travel on snowfields and glaciers in the Alps since the Middle Ages.
      If you refer to someone or something as a crutch, you mean that they give you help or support.
      Love is not a crutch for cripples to lean upon.
      The technology can be a crutch for those less comfortable with real life social situations.
      I needed a crutch. The leadership race wore me out, on top of taking me away from my children and my loved ones even more often.
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      im`par`tial
      im'pa:ʃəl
      adj fair, not biased
      -
      Oh, ok, well, I think we should let Phoebe decide, because she's the only one who's impartial, and she's so pretty.
      Uh, Ms. Phalange, may I ask you a question as an impartial person at-at this table?
      Right to be heard quickly, and by a fair and impartial tribunal.
      It has failed to conduct a fair and impartial investigation to the case of death.
      Take time to be an impartial observer of life, particularly when an ending is causing despair.
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      es`chew
      is'tʃu:
      v[T] keep away from
      -
      Their recipes don't eschew meat entirely,but will help you learn how to use it more sparsely.
      I eschew taxis and take subways.
      Today's safaris,however,eschew guns for cameras and make cultural interactions - with local Bushmen,for example.
      I have no women friends who would have wished to eschew the workplace altogether.
      For this reason, the US has also pressured Russia and China to exert what influence they still have on North Korea. The two countries obliged last week, issuing a joint statement urging North Korea to honour a 1994 agreement to eschew the pursuit of nuclear weapons.
      Judging from this footage, the film has eschewed the book's multiple-voiced narrative recounting of the Zombie War, in favour of a straighter telling.
      Talk should never, ever, be eschewed.
      He has urged African countries to eschew violence in politics in order to promote good governance and development of the continent.
      Compare avoid, abstain, eschew, escape, and shun.
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      spout
      spaut
      n[C] a tube, mouth, or pipe through which liquid is released or discharged ¶ a continuous and strong stream of liquid or steam
      v[IT] (of a liquid) come out with great force, or send out (a liquid) with great force ¶ talk a lot about sth in a boring or annoying way
      -
      When a kettle boils, you see steam coming from the spout.
      If something is up the spout, it is completely wrong or has failed completely.
      In September, 1939, her life changed. "I'll always have the picture in my mind," she says now. "My mum and dad and I were having tea in the garden and the news came on the radio. I thought, well, I'll be working in a factory next week making ammunition. There's my singing career up the spout."
      A downspout, waterspout, downpipe, drain spout, or roof drain pipe is a pipe for carrying rainwater from a rain gutter.
      A landspout is a term coined by meteorologist Howard B. Bluestein in 1985 for a kind of tornado not associated with the mesocyclone of a thunderstorm.
      A waterspout is an intense columnar vortex (usually appearing as a funnel-shaped cloud) that occurs over a body of water.
      If a whale spouts, it sends out a stream of water from a hole in its head.
      Her face was redly inflamed from the salty flow of tears spouting from her glassy dilated eyeballs.
      It's all very well Tony Blair spouting off about the possibility of getting a ceasefire over the Gaza conflict, but how much influence does he actually have?
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      ut`most
      'ʌtməust
      adj as much as possible
      n[s] the most that can be done
      -
      Management of the cryptographic keys used to protect data is of utmost importance to the security of the data.
      The members of our military should be treated with the utmost respect and dignity.
      This plan is also very delicate and must be executed with the utmost care.
      We will do our utmost to achieve the goal.
      Will you to the utmost of your power maintain the Laws of God and the true profession of the Gospel?
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      con`sci`en`tious
      kɔnʃi'enʃəs
      adj governed by or done according to conscience ¶ involving or taking great care, diligent
      -
      Your conscience is the part of your mind that tells you whether what you are doing is right or wrong.
      Conscience is doing what you believe is right even though it might be unpopular, difficult, or dangerous.
      Conscience is a feeling of guilt because you know you have done something that is wrong.
      A conscientious objector (CO) is an "individual who has claimed the right to refuse to perform military service"[1] on the grounds of freedom of thought, conscience, and/or religion.
      In general, conscientious objector status is only considered in the context of military conscription and is not applicable to volunteer military forces.
      In some countries, conscientious objectors are assigned to an alternative civilian service as a substitute for conscription or military service.
      Some conscientious objectors consider themselves pacifist, Non-interventionist, non-resistant, non-aggressionist, or antimilitarist.
      After a quick 15 minute stroll through the cavernous edifice, I decided to make a conscientious effort to learn a little about the city's culture and was shocked to discover that Dubai is officially a Muslim state, considering its streets are lined with endless monuments dedicated to Mammon.
      Mammon, in the New Testament of the Bible, is greed or material wealth, often personified as a deity, and sometimes included in the seven princes of Hell.
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      junc`ture
      'dʒʌŋktʃə
      n[C] a stage in a process or activity ¶ a place where two things are joined
      -
      It has been difficult reaching this juncture, but now the truly hard part begins.
      The latter option looks like the most appealing at this juncture.
      It was also at this juncture that the prefix 'British' was dropped from the title.
      "Raj? Raj? Raj?" "Stop knocking! It's open! Please tell my parents that our dark matter research is at a critical juncture, and I can't come home for my cousin Sanjay's wedding."
      The veins that run to the legs split at the juncture of the legs with the trunk and extend right down the thigh.
      Compare intersection, joint, junction and juncture.
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      shrewd
      ʃru:d
      adj having or showing good judgement and common sense
      -
      "Actually, as the newest member of your social group, I believe I'll gain more acceptance by arbitrarily siding with your friends from time to time." "Shrewd."
      John had earned a reputation in Sydney as a shrewd businessman.
      He is a shrewd politician and keeps his relations with the opposition to join them to get to the power at the opportune time.
      Cook had achieved a reputation as a shrewd and hardworking parliamentarian, and a master of parliamentary strategy.
      It was a shrewd move and Kell scored a second-half hat trick which enabled the Preston side to beat St Helens Ladies by 4-0.
      A hat-trick or hat trick in sports is the achievement of a positive feat three times or more during a game, or other achievements based on threes.
      A hat-trick occurs in association football when a player scores three goals (though not necessarily consecutive) in a single game, whereas scoring two goals constitutes a brace.
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      ap`pre`hend
      æpri'hend
      v[T] arrest or understand
      -
      Damion Rami Butler was apprehended by the Immigration Task Force on January 18.
      The suspect was apprehended by the first officers on the scene and did not resist arrest.
      However, on leaving the judge's chambers as a free man, the applicant was apprehended by police officers in civilian attire who were waiting for him outside the court.
      In the state of New South Wales, a court may issue an apprehended violence order (AVO) if it believes, on the balance of probabilities, that a person has reasonable grounds to fear personal violence, harassing conduct, molestation, intimidation, or stalking. A defendant's non-compliance with the order may result in the imposition of a fine, imprisonment, or both.
      The gang exhibits signs of quiet apprehension and wears knowing glances.
      Compare apprehend and apprentice.
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      wretch`ed
      'retʃid
      adj very unhappy or sick ¶ making you feel annoyed or angry ¶ miserable
      -
      "You would not part me from my only son!" cried the wretched woman.
      I recall being in the midst of a busy, noisy ward full of people, yet I felt so alone and wretched.
      Naturally, the wretched boy dirtied his pants, which caused a storm later.
      Despite the wretched living conditions, it is a place where people can make a living.
      So began my new life. A wretched life it was.
      I am in a wretched condition, and I am unfortunate; no man cares for me, no man gives me anything; all blame me, all speak ill of me.
      If you feel wretched, you feel guilty and unhappy because of something bad that you have done.
      Whenever I don't get to the gym, I start to feel wretched!
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