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      adj misleading
      My expenses account for 46.9 percent of my after-tax income. The rest is divvied up between a small savings account, this deceptive container of peanut brittle, and the hollowed-out buttocks of a superhero action figure who shall remain nameless for his own protection. Or, her own protection.
      To not report that difference is deceptive.
      In New Zealand the Fair Trading Act 1986 prohibits misleading and deceptive conduct.
      We have also seen evidence of firms using misleading or deceptive practices in order to recover debts.
      Furthermore, such services may not be advertised via deceptive marketing policies.
      The FTC Act prohibits unfair or deceptive advertising in any medium.
      What, no, no, no, mine are deceptively small I mean, I-I-I actually sometimes, stuff my bra.
      Someone who is deceitful tells lies in order to get what they want.
      Deception Point is a 2001 techno-thriller novel by Dan Brown. The plot concerns a meteorite found within the Arctic Circle that may provide proof of extraterrestrial life, and attempts by the antagonists to prevent the evidence against it from becoming public.
      adj unable to read and write ¶ showing little or no education ¶ lacking knowledge in a particular subject
      n[C] ~ person
      More than 840 million adults, of whom 538 million are women, are illiterate.
      There are nearly 1 billion adults who are illiterate. The worst illiteracy is in India, where 700 million people live on less than $2/day and over 200 million women can not read or write.
      "Is that racist? It feels racist." "Don't be oversensitive. He's calling you illiterate, not your race."
      Anyone who doesn't understand that is purely science illiterate.
      Most of our customers admit to being somewhat computer illiterate.
      The stereotype is that the old are technologically illiterate, and this is not at all the case.
      n[U] the state of being completely covered by a liquid ¶ the state of being completely involved in sth
      Herbert Armstrong became baptized, by total immersion in water.
      An immersion blender, or stick blender is a kitchen appliance to blend ingredients or puree food in the container in which they are being prepared.
      The end result with such a Super Hi-Vision is a total immersion in the display field of view, which apparently causes a feeling of actually being there, better than with the current 3D technology.
      At 20, he went off to Paris for four years of immersion in French culture.
      I pushed the bench up against the end of one shelf, so I could lean back. This was what I did if I fell into pages worthy of immersion.
      His interest in the local was fostered by immersion in classics of New Zealand writing.
      v[T] flow out slowly and steadily, or to make sth do this
      Penicillum is a genus of mould. It exudes a substance which kills bacteria.
      Compare discharge, emit, exude, and ooze.
      If you exude a particular quality, people notice easily that you have a lot of it.
      "Now, how would you characterize your relationship with Mr. Wolowitz?" "Good. It's a good relationship. Of course, most of my relationships are good. Probably because I exude confidence. People are drawn to that, you know? Confidence, not exuding."
      You need to exude a sense of enthusiasm and positive energy.
      She continues to exude a quiet leadership that seems to mesh well with her current group of girls.
      The intersting thing about bad boy is that they exude a kind of untamed masculinity, confidence and independence that women absolutely dig.
      n[pl] things that are for sale, usu in a market or on the street
      Compare commodity, goods, merchandise, and wares.
      At 9:00 pm, the vendors were just starting to put out their wares.
      Some displayed their wares on stalls, while others had just spread them out on the pavement.
      That was when there was web 1.0 with static webpages that companies put out to advertise their wares and we are now talking about user generated content.
      Many apps on both iOS and Android are downloaded, used once, then deleted; others merit a handful of goes before falling into disuse. Obviously developers want their wares to join the elite band of apps that occupy an honoured page on the Home screen and get fired up again and again.
      n[C] a region of the Earth surrounding the Equator
      The tropics is a region of the Earth surrounding the Equator.
      It is limited in latitude by the Tropic of Cancer in the northern hemisphere at 23°26′14.3″ N and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere at 23.4373° S; these latitudes correspond to the axial tilt of the Earth.
      The tropics are also referred to as the tropical zone and the torrid zone.
      The tropics include all the areas on the Earth where the Sun reaches a subsolar point, a point directly overhead at least once during the solar year.
      The tropics are distinguished from the other climatic and biomatic regions of Earth, the middle latitudes and the polar regions on either side of the equatorial zone.
      n[U] behavior that is intended to cause trouble for people ¶ the trouble, wish, or tendency
      Porter and Parker are always up to some kind of mischief.
      "Perhaps digging a trench would keep them out of mischief," thought Lynette Scavo.
      Maria is constantly getting into mischief to the consternation of the nuns and the Mother Abbess.
      Now run along, and don't get into mischief.
      Susan Mayer's eyes were bright with mischief.
      'To make mischief' means to deliberately cause quarrels or unfriendly feelings between people.
      If you do yourself a mischief, you injure yourself slightly.
      adj extremely worried, upset, or confused
      Compare agitated and distraught.
      She's distraught. You're there for her. You pick up the pieces, and then you usher her in the age of Ross!
      "I hope Sheldon's this distraught if he ever breaks up with me," said Amy.
      By that stage we were just being moved to the NICU (Neonatal intensive care unit). He was distraught. Coder does not handle situations like this well, at all.
      She becomes so distraught that she accidently runs her finger under the sewing machine needle and screams in pain.
      April's parents, Paul, 43, and Coral, 40, were too distraught to attend the hearing.
      n[C] a layer of rock or earth ¶ a group or class in society
      In geology and related fields, a stratum (plural: strata) is a layer of sedimentary rock or soil with internally consistent characteristics that distinguish it from other layers.
      Geologists study rock strata and categorize them by the material of beds.
      Interstate road cut through limestone and shale strata in East Tennessee
      The stratum corneum (Latin for 'horny layer') is the outermost layer of the epidermis, consisting of dead cells (corneocytes).
      Considering the increasing economic and social influence of the new social stratum, the Party has made efforts to include them in the political mechanisms.
      The middle class is generally the social stratum that is internally diverse, both economically and politically.
      adj full of unpleasant things
      The drama of history is fraught with human failure, Divine forgiveness and ultimate reconstruction and repair.
      Like anyone else in the law enforcement field, St. James's job is fraught with danger.
      On Sept 19th a French satirical newspaper, under the guise of "free speech" released vulgar cartoons of the Prophet Mohammad (Peace be Upon Him) adding fuel to an already volatile fire. Peace Day is likely to be fraught with violence, like most any other day.
      In 1857, according to legend, Verne travelled to Amiens, in the North of France, to attend a friend's wedding. The 80 mile trek was fraught with delay, and by the time he arrived, the services were long over.
      Cloning is often fraught with difficulties like these, but this was proof of principle at least that an extinct species could be brought back, albeit briefly.
      Compare abundant, distraught, faulty, fraud, and fraught.
      adj of or being a political system in which those in power have complete control and do not allow people freely to oppose them
      Totalitarianism is a political system in which the state holds total authority over the society and seeks to control all aspects of public and private life wherever possible.
      The concept of totalitarianism was first developed in the 1920s by the Weimar German jurist, and later Nazi academic, Carl Schmitt and Italian fascists.
      A totalitarian regime attempts to control virtually all aspects of the social life including economy, education, art, science, private life and morals of citizens.
      Compared to totalitarian systems, authoritarian systems may also leave a larger sphere for private life, lack a guiding ideology, tolerate some pluralism in social organization, lack the power to mobilize the whole population in pursuit of national goals, and exercise their power within relatively predictable limits.
      Totalitarian regimes in Germany, Italy and the Soviet Union had initial origins in the chaos that followed in the wake of World War I and allowed totalitarian movements to seize control of the government, while the sophistication of modern weapons and communications enabled them to effectively establish what Friedrich and Brzezinski called a totalitarian dictatorship.
      Bracher argued that totalitarian regimes did not require a single leader and could function with a collective leadership.
      Gaza is a totalitarian paramilitary camp at war with its neighbors and other Palestinians.
      Compare autocracy, totalitarian, and tyrant.
      n[U] a special, exciting, and attractive quality
      v[T] attract with sth desirable
      At the recent Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, a host of manufacturers announced plans to follow TiVo and Replay into the personal video recorder (PVR) market, with most of them using the allure of skipping through commercials as one of their main selling points.
      The allure of power is too intoxicating for most elites to resist.
      MS Allure of the Seas is an Oasis-class cruise ship owned and operated by Royal Caribbean International.
      Everything about her got him hot - Elena naked was like waving a red flag in front of a bull. He could almost hear the trumpet's call to 'charge' and he was powerless to resist her allure.
      Any trader can sometimes be allured by an attractive market situation.
      Compare allure, attraction, entice, lure, seduce, and tempt.
      adv,conj in which place or part
      The method of claim 4, wherein the browsing thread separates the web browsing behavior data for each user.
      The method of claim 15, wherein the web pages are listed in chronological order.
      This piece of advice feeds directly into rape culture, wherein the victim of sexual assault or rape is blamed for her own attack because she was " asking for it " with the way she was dressed.
      Buffett is, above all, a patriot, as proved by his November 16, 2010, letter to Uncle Sam (reprinted in the New York Times), wherein he remembers 2008, "the darkest of days," when "Ben Bernanke, Hank Paulson, Tim Geithner and Sheila Bair grasped the gravity of the situation and acted with courage and dispatch."
      Compare whereabouts, whereas, whereby, wherein, whereupon, wherever, and wherewithal.
      n[C] a strange or annoying habit ¶ sth strange that happens by chance
      Sheldon Cooper has many quirks.
      Phoebe, honey I know you're quirky and I get a big kick out of it, we all do, actually, but if you destroy a coat like this I mean that is like a crime against nature! Not nature, fashion!
      I'm thinking about adopting some quirky affectation, like a pipe or a monocle or a handlebar moustache.
      "Then you're insane." "I prefer to think of myself as quirky."
      "Sheldon is a bit quirky, isn't he?" "Oh, please. That crazy bastard's looking at quirky in the rearview mirror."
      By some strange quirk of fate, Liverpool have scored the same number of goals (17) from the same number of shots on target (53) as last season.
      Compare quirk and uncanny.
      v[T] pretend to feel sth
      Despite our best efforts to feign ignorance and nurture our disdain for homosexuality, we know it is a human reality.
      If you plan on fighting, a common strategy is to feign interest in negotiating to see if the other party are ready to compromise.
      But she used the opportunity to hatch a plan to make money, and instantly rang police pretending the van had knocked her over. Taylor then compounded her lies by feigning a leg injury and calling paramedics to her house after she 'managed to hobble home'.
      Anthony crossed the floor quietly and crept into bed. Gloria, feigning to be heavy with sleep, gave a quiet little sigh and slipped into his arms.
      Be yourself. Especially, do not feign affection.
      n[C] the central stone at the top of an arch ¶ the most important part of sth
      A keystone is the wedge-shaped stone piece at the apex of a masonry vault or arch, which is the final piece placed during construction and locks all the stones into position, allowing the arch to bear weight.
      Although a masonry arch or vault cannot be self-supporting until the keystone is placed, the keystone experiences the least stress of any of the voussoirs, due to its position at the apex
      The keystone effect, also known as the tombstone effect, is caused by attempting to project an image onto a surface at an angle, as with a projector not quite centered onto the screen it is projecting on. It is a distortion of the image dimensions, such as making a square look like a trapezoid, the shape of an architectural keystone, hence the name of the feature.
      It was a pivotal point in Israelite history and a keystone of the Christian faith.
      The Keystone Pipeline System is an oil pipeline system in Canada and the United States, commissioned since 2010.
      During World War II, Operation Keystone was a Special Air Service patrol consisting of a number of jeep-mounted and airborne teams that operated south of IJsselmeer in the central Netherlands in early April, 1945.
      Compare cornerstone, keystone and milestone.
      kɔn'səmit, 'kɔnsəmit
      v[T] complete sth ¶ make a marriage or relationship complete by having sex
      adj showing great skill at doing sth
      "Today's the day Carol and I first consummated our physical relationship," said Ross.
      "And finally, that you were unable to consummate the marriage. Well, that makes sense since you're gay and addicted to heroin." "Ok, you know- you know- this's- I'm sorry, this is insane! I-I-I'm not addicted to heroin, I'm not gay, and there is no problem with my ability to consummate anything! Look, I'll-I'll consummate this marriage right here, right now!" "That won't be necessary."
      Monica and Chandler run into the bedroom and start to "consummate like bunnies".
      Ok, maybe I talk about London! You know when you two hooked up! Only, only I won't say hooked up. I'll say, "Began their beautiful journey... by doing it."
      Bernadette, on your wedding night you'll be consummating your marriage. What do you think your first sexual position will be as husband and wife?
      It says here you can get an annulment if any of the following conditions are met. Were you unable to consummate the marriage?
      Christine is a true joy to work with. She is a consummate professional, but adds such sincerity and warmth, it doesn't feel like work.
      He pulled the hat-trick off with consummate ease (very easily) at the World Championships.
      He is described as 'a consummate politician, brilliant on presentation with a wonderful style and a real knack of putting his finger on what people are thinking about'.
      n[C] a stick of colored wax or chalk
      v[IT] draw sth with a ~
      A crayon (or wax pastel) is a stick of colored wax, charcoal, chalk or other material.
      A crayon made of oiled chalk is called an oil pastel; when made of pigment with a dry binder, it is simply a pastel.
      A grease pencil or china marker (UK chinagraph pencil) is made of colored hardened grease.
      There are also watercolor crayons, sometimes called water soluble crayons.
      Crayons, which are available at a range of price points, are easy to work with, often less messy than paints and markers, blunt (removing the risk of sharp points present when using a pencil or pen), typically non-toxic, and are available in a wide variety of colors.
      In the modern English-speaking world, the term crayon is commonly associated with the standard wax crayon, such as those widely available for use by children.
      The gang are waiting for Willow to arrive from England with a yellow crayoned welcome sign.
      adj wild
      Unruly hair is difficult to keep tidy, tending to stick up or out.
      "Why don't all those people you laid off last month turn into an unruly mob and pillage your mansion?" "Because they're collecting employment insurance."
      The appellation, wildcat, may invoke images of an unruly mob.
      When you see an unruly child making a scene at school it's easy to dismiss them as irresponsible and reckless.
      She attempted to put the fire out until she was overwhelmed by an unruly crowd that continued to fuel it.
      v[T] show sth to be false ¶ hide sth such as an emotion
      All of these bullish figures seem to belie the global recession.
      It is also a country of breathtaking beauty and bountiful food that belie the problems endemic to the inner cities.
      It belies the fact that the Soviet tanks are generally excellent brawlers, compared to the clean German, almost fashionable French, and freakishly huge American tanks.
      Her fitness levels belied her age.
      Her pleasant manner belied her true character.
      "I didn't get the tickets." But his cheerful smile belied his words.
      Compare belie, believe, and lie.
      n[U] basis or foundation
      Look, I'm taking my time, alright? I'm-I'm laying the groundwork.
      Just casually slip it in, you know, lay the groundwork. Tell her uh, I'm a loner- No! An outlaw! She doesn't wanna get mixed up with the likes of me.
      Yeah, I mean, there's probably gonna be some groundwork which will probably stink, you know, grown man getting people coffee is a little humiliating.
      For these parents, I suggest they at least try to set the groundwork for good sleep (monitor sleep cues and waketime, give an early bedtime, have a pre-sleep routine etc)
      Extensive planning and research set the groundwork to accurately capture the details and intricacies of an authentic Mayan temple down to the exact number of steps and panels representing numbers significant to the Mayan calendar.
      We do all the groundwork of checking weather patterns, wind speeds, visibility and cloud base before take off, so once you're up in the air remember that you really are here to enjoy the journey.
      Compare groundwork and premise.
      n[C] an animal that looks like a horse but has black and white lines all over its body
      Zebras are several species of African equids (horse family) united by their distinctive black and white striped coats.
      Equestrian means connected with the activity of riding horses.
      A zebra crossing is a type of pedestrian crossing used in many places around the world.
      Their stripes come in different patterns, unique to each individual.
      Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa is a 2008 American computer-animated comedy film.
      This sequel to the 2005 film Madagascar continues the adventures of Alex the Lion, Marty the Zebra, Melman the Giraffe, and Gloria the Hippo.
      They are generally social animals that live in small harems to large herds.
      Unlike their closest relatives, horses and donkeys, zebras have never been truly domesticated.
      The common plains zebra is about 50–52 inches (1.3 m) at the shoulder with a body ranging from 6–8.5 feet (2–2.6 m) long with an 18-inch (0.5 m) tail. It can weigh up to 770 pounds (350 kg), males being slightly bigger than females.
      It was previously believed that zebras were white animals with black stripes, since some zebras have white underbellies.
      Embryological evidence, however, shows that the animal's background color is black and the white stripes and bellies are additions.
      Zebras have four gaits: walk, trot, canter and gallop.
      Zebras have excellent eyesight. It is believed that they can see in color.
      A brassiere, commonly referred to as a bra, is a woman's undergarment that supports her breasts.
      There are several sizing systems in different countries. Most use the chest circumferences measurement system and cup sizes A-B-C+, but there are some significant differences.
      I'm not a big, fat panda. I'm the /ði/ big, fat panda.
      n[C] a railway engine
      A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train.
      The word originates from the Latin loco – "from a place", ablative of locus, "place" + Medieval Latin motivus, "causing motion", and is a shortened form of the term locomotive engine, first used in the early 19th century to distinguish between mobile and stationary steam engines.
      A locomotive has no payload capacity of its own, and its sole purpose is to move the train along the tracks.
      A train horn is an air horn which serves as an audible warning device on diesel and electric locomotives.
      Leonard. Check it out. I bought an N-gauge locomotive. Half the size of H-O.
      "Vintage? Be specific." "An Alcoa FA-4 diesel locomotive leading a train of meticulously restored 1915 Pullman first-class coaches."
      If you listen carefully when the locomotive disconnects, you'll hear the characteristic click-pshht-thunk of the knuckle.
      "Okay, what was the best four-ten-four U.S. Locomotive ever built?" "In 1944, the Pacific Railroad built number 6131, which rearranged the drivers and cylinders, solving the problem of the Q-1, creating a duplex-drive four-four-six-four."
      China South Locomotive & Rolling Stock Corporation Limited (CSR) is a state-owned enterprise supervised by the State Council of the People's Republic of China.
      Thomas the Tank Engine is a small fictional steam locomotive in The Railway Series books by the Reverend Wilbert Awdry and his son, Christopher.
      Compare locomotive and tractor.
      n[C] a performance of music or poetry ¶ a spoken description of a series of events
      "Oh, I still can't believe my dad saw us having sex! He didn't make it to one of my piano recitals, but this he sees!" cried Monica.
      At the recital, she does dance well, but the tremendous applause causes her to do things like Wall Run and even outdance her teacher.
      The Coolidge Auditorium was built in 1925 for chamber music recitals.
      As a former legal worker, I was impressed by your recital of the facts.
      v[I] go into a place without the owner's permission ¶ do sth wrong, sin
      also a noun
      They often feel like they're trespassing and feel the sting of their father's disapproval.
      Trespass is the legal term for a direct violation of another person's property, usually land.