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      adj lacking the correct amount of sth ¶ not good enough
      Most people are deficient in omega-3, but high quality fish oil capsules can easily correct the deficiency and insure that your baby is getting the necessary DHA for healthy development.
      The theory is that if you seek stronger flavours, you are deficient in zinc, as you may not have as many fully functioning taste buds.
      A diet deficient in vitamin D may cause the disease rickets.
      Not only are vegetarians no more likely to be iron deficient that meat-eaters, a vegetarian diet may well ensure a better iron balance.
      The Qur'an also implies that women are deficient in intelligence when compared to men.
      adj able to stick to things or to make things stick together
      n[UC] a substance used for making things stick together
      An adhesive is any substance applied to the surfaces of materials that binds them together and resists separation.
      The term "adhesive" may be used interchangeably with glue, cement, mucilage, or paste.
      Adjectives may be used in conjunction with the word "adhesive" to describe properties based on the substance's physical or chemical form, the type of materials joined, or conditions under which it is applied.
      Adhesive tape is one of many varieties of backing materials coated with an adhesive.
      A roll of PSA office tape in a dispenser
      Band-Aid is a registered trademark of Johnson & Johnson for their adhesive bandages used to cover small wounds.
      A patch is a small adhesive piece of material that applies to the skin and gradually delivers drugs or medication to the user.
      Plastic wrap, cling film (UK), cling wrap or food wrap, is a thin plastic film typically used for sealing food items in containers to keep them fresh over a longer period of time.
      Common plastic wrap is roughly 0.5 mils, or 12.5 µm, thick. In Australia and New Zealand the genericised trademark glad wrap is commonly used, while Saran wrap has become genericized in North America.
      In 1949, Dow introduced Saran Wrap, a thin, clingy plastic wrap that was sold in rolls and used primarily for wrapping food.
      Saran Wrap clings to many smooth surfaces and can thus remain tight over the opening of a container with no adhesive or other devices.
      Compare adherent and adhesive.
      adj arousing pity (sometimes contemptuous)
      If a lion breaks a tooth and it becomes septic there is no dentist to go to. As the pain increases they can no longer eat and therefore may starve to death. If they are lucky another predator will kill them off; if not, they will suffer a miserable death. The animal state is a pitiful state of suffering.
      But they were so out-gunned by the French that when they had managed to limp back to New York, they were so badly damaged they made a pitiful sight.
      Looking at clothing in major Australian retail stores, I think the quality is pitiful. Not designed to last more than a season.
      But considering the pitiful state of the global economy, and the United States teetering on its fiscal cliff, this is hardly unexpected.
      A pitiful amount is very small.
      I don't have time to taylor a site for cellphones with the pitiful amount of money I have.
      Compare pathetic and pitiful.
      adj difficult to handle because of weight or bulk
      Filmmaking equipment in 1920 was heavy and cumbersome.
      The Nook HD+ is heavy and cumbersome.
      Tab management is appalling. Browsing is slow and cumbersome. And many sites won't work at all.
      The fashion industry used to have a cumbersome process to design, produce, market, distribute and sell the latest collection.
      Research and development departments frequently follow cumbersome protocols that were put in place years ago.
      But C++ was too cumbersome for their needs, and so did they create a new language based on C++, and they called it Oak, for James Gosling did look out his window and see an oak tree.
      Compare awkward, clumsy, and cumbersome.
      My ski boots are too cumbersome.
      n[CU] an activity or a practice which is not according to the usual rules, or not normal ¶ sth that does not happen at regular intervals ¶ sth that is not smooth or regular in shape or arrangement
      Ornge was shaken this year by allegations of financial irregularities that resulted in the firing of its two top executives, and an ongoing criminal and legislative investigation into its financial management.
      In spite of rumors of electoral irregularities, Goodluck Jonathan came out victorious in the presidential contest.
      Only hours after polls opened there are already skirmishes over various voting irregularities being reported from across the country.
      Opitz is appealing a May ruling by an Ontario Superior Court judge that set aside his victory, after identifying procedural irregularities with 79 ballots.
      In one second, the Sun performs the function of converting 564 million tons of hydrogen into 4 million tons of energy and 560 million tons of helium.
      By the end of this process, the sun emits a big radiation ball, which contains energy equivalent to millions of nuclear bomb.
      If these simple facts be analyzed, it becomes evident that even a slight irregularity in the tenth part of a second could result in the end of the world as we know it.
      To determine a diamond's clarity, an expert views it under 10 power magnifications. In addition to internal inclusions, surface irregularities are referred to as blemishes.
      n[CU] the natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is able to survive independently
      Miscarriage is also known as spontaneous abortion and pregnancy loss.
      Some use the cutoff of 20 weeks of gestation after which fetal death is known as a stillbirth.
      The most common symptoms of a miscarriage is vaginal bleeding. Tissue or clot like material may also come out the vagina.
      Risk factors for miscarriage include an older mother or father, previous miscarriage, exposure to tobacco smoke, obesity, diabetes, and drug or alcohol use, among others.
      About 80% of miscarriages occur in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy (the first trimester).
      Diagnosis of a miscarriage may involve checking to see if the cervix is open or closed, testing blood levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), and an ultrasound.
      About 5% of women have two miscarriages in a row.
      Sadly, her first pregnancy ended in miscarriage.
      She miscarried when she was 6 weeks pregnant.
      A miscarriage of justice primarily is the conviction and punishment of a person for a crime they did not commit. "Miscarriage of justice" is sometimes synonymous with wrongful conviction, referring to a conviction reached in an unfair or disputed trial.
      n[C] sb who is dangerous or violent because they have a serious mental illness
      also an adjective
      Psychosis refers to an abnormal condition of the mind, and is a generic psychiatric term for a mental state often described as involving a "loss of contact with reality".
      People with psychosis are described as psychotic.
      Yes this guy was having a psychotic episode and probably had a 'scary' expression on his face, but he had hardly turned into Godzilla!
      Certain kinds of psychotic symptoms can also increase the risk for violence.
      Of people experiencing a psychotic illness, 36% of men and 17% of women reported engaging in problematic alcohol use.
      A psycho (=psychopath) is someone who has serious mental problems and who may act in a violent way without feeling sorry for what they have done.
      Psycho is a 1960 American suspense/horror film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. Its most famous scene is the one in which the character acted by Janet Leigh is killed with a knife by Norman Bates, played by Anthony Perkins, while she is in the shower.
      v[IT] trade goods or services without the exchange of money
      also a noun
      Barter is a system of exchange by which goods or services are directly exchanged for other goods or services without using a medium of exchange, such as money.
      Barter usually replaces money as the method of exchange in times of monetary crisis, such as when the currency may be either unstable (e.g., hyperinflation or deflationary spiral) or simply unavailable for conducting commerce.
      The inefficiency of barter in archaic society has been used by economists since Adam Smith to explain the emergence of money, the economy, and hence the discipline of economics itself.
      However, no present or past society has ever been seen through ethnographic studies to use pure barter without any medium of exchange, nor the emergence of money from barter.
      An 1874 newspaper illustration from Harper's Weekly, showing a man engaging in barter: offering chickens in exchange for his yearly newspaper subscription.
      "How about 600 and these earrings?" "They prefer it if I don't barter."
      The Bartered Bride (Czech: Prodaná nevěsta, The Sold Fiancée) is a comic opera in three acts by the Czech composer Bedřich Smetana, to a libretto by Karel Sabina.
      n[C] an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon
      The majority of hydrocarbons found on Earth naturally occur in crude oil, where decomposed organic matter provides an abundance of carbon and hydrogen which, when bonded, can catenate to form seemingly limitless chains.
      Propane is however easily liquefied, and exists in 'propane bottles' mostly as a liquid. Butane is so easily liquefied that it provides a safe, volatile fuel for small pocket lighters.
      Oil refineries are one way hydrocarbons are processed for use. Crude oil is processed in several stages to form desired hydrocarbons, used as fuel and in other products.
      Hydrocarbons are a primary energy source for current civilizations.
      The predominant use of hydrocarbons is as a combustible fuel source. In their solid form, hydrocarbons take the form of asphalt (bitumen).
      n[s] an imaginary line on the Earth's surface equidistant from the North Pole and South Pole
      An equator is the intersection of a sphere's surface with the plane perpendicular to the sphere's axis of rotation and midway between the poles.
      The Equator usually refers to the Earth's equator: an imaginary line on the Earth's surface equidistant from the North Pole and South Pole, dividing the Earth into the Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere.
      Other planets and astronomical bodies have equators similarly defined.
      Earth's equator is about 40,075 kilometres (24,901 mi) long; 78.7% is across water and 21.3% is over land.
      The latitude of the Earth's Equator is by definition 0° (zero degrees).
      The Equator is one of the five notable circles of latitude on Earth, with the others being the two Polar Circles: the Arctic Circle and the Antarctic Circle, and the two Tropical Circles: the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
      n[CU] guess, hypothesis
      v[IT] guess
      A conjecture is a conclusion that is based on information that is not certain or complete.
      "Yes Mr. Lewis?" "What kinda noise?" "Just a high-pitched intimidating noise. Of course, this is just conjecture."
      Some conjecture that Adam was present when his wife was tempted and persuaded by the serpent.
      There would be doubt cast on our interpretation of the data, and conjecture about whether we were 'buddies' with the journal referees or editors.
      This is just pure conjecture on my part based upon my knowledge of American politics.
      v[T] conjecture
      n[UC] conjecture
      They are also associated with the mythical Assyrian queen Semiramis. Archeologists surmise that the gardens were laid out atop a vaulted building, with provisions for raising water. The terraces were said to rise from 75 to 300 ft.
      Since Earth is supposed to be eroded by wind and water, they surmise that such processes occurred on Mars.
      I surmise that the 70 percent must be page impressions, rather than unique users.
      The media surmised that Madonna' s celebrity pop status would have surely precipitated an endless draw for devoted fans and paparazzi, a predicament the residents were determined to avoid.
      And he must swear to a fact, not to an opinion, not to a surmise, not to what he has heard others say, but to what he has witnessed or knows.
      Compare surmise and surprise.
      n[C] sb who helps another person do sth illegal or wrong
      At law, an accomplice is a person who actively participates in the commission of a crime, even if they take no part in the actual criminal offense.
      For example, in a bank robbery, the person who points the gun at the teller and asks for the money is guilty of armed robbery.
      Anyone else directly involved in the commission of the crime, such as the lookout or the getaway car driver, is an accomplice.
      An accomplice differs from an accessory in that an accomplice is present at the actual crime, and could be prosecuted even if the main criminal (the principal) is not charged or convicted.
      An accessory is generally not present at the actual crime, and may be subject to lesser penalties than an accomplice or principal.
      An accomplice was often referred to as an abettor. This term is not in active use in the United States, having been replaced by accomplice.
      Harboring fugitive? That's one to three years minimum. Good luck Chandler.
      Compare accomplice and accomplish.
      v[T] surround with hostile forces ¶ crowd around
      If soldiers besiege a place, they surround it and wait for the people in it to stop fighting or resisting.
      Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and the brother of Helen's husband Menelaus, led an expedition of Achaean troops to Troy and besieged the city for ten years because of Paris' insult.
      The Battle of Xiangyang was a key battle between the invading Mongols of the Yuan dynasty and Southern Song forces from AD 1267 to 1273. The battle consisted of skirmishes, ground assault, and the siege of the twin fortified cities of Fancheng and Xiangyang in modern-day Hubei, China.
      In 1918, Tsaritsyn was besieged by White troops under Ataman Krasnov. Three assaults by White troops were repulsed. However, in June 1919 Tsaritsyn was captured by the White forces of General Denikin, which left the city in January 1920.
      Volgograd, formerly Tsaritsyn (察里津) and Stalingrad, is an important industrial city and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast (州), Russia.
      The council was besieged with complaints about students left waiting for late or non-existent buses on a number of occasions this school year.
      Aaron now owns his own security business and since 9/11 his company has been besieged by American law enforcement to teach them the Israeli way of security.
      Many people are vaguely adrift and besieged by feelings of impotence and meaninglessness.
      adj relating to people who work in offices, doing work that needs mental rather than physical effort
      In many countries (like Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, or the United States), a white-collar worker is a person who performs professional, managerial, or administrative work.
      White-collar work is performed in an office, cubicle, or other administrative setting.
      Other types of work are those of a blue-collar worker, whose job requires manual labor and a pink-collar worker, whose labor is related to customer interaction, entertainment, sales, or other service-oriented work.
      Many occupations blend blue, white and pink (service) industry categorizations.
      The term refers to the white dress shirts of male office workers common through most of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in Western countries, as opposed to the blue overalls worn by many manual laborers.
      Female receptionists in Stockholm, Sweden
      White Collar: The American Middle Classes is a study of the American middle class by sociologist C. Wright Mills, first published in 1951.
      White-collar crime refers to financially motivated nonviolent crime committed by business and government professionals.
      In the winter of 2002-2003, there was a "strike" (really a lockout) centred in the oil industry which brought the economy to its knees. This was only ended when the blue-collar workers who supported Chvez pushed aside the white-collar workers who supported the opposition, and began to restart production.
      In one day, more than 2 million Chinese MSN messenger users (mainly young white-collar professionals in major cities) adopted a red heart with the word China as their MSN signature.
      adj showing that sth is definitely true
      "So what kind of cruise is this you're going on?" "It's called the Born Again Boat Ride. Christian Quarterly gave it their highest rating, five thorny crowns. I do wish you'd come with me, Sheldon." "Well, Mom, if I did, it would be conclusive proof that your God can work miracles."
      "You're having a guilt-ridden dream." "Do you have any evidence to support that hypothesis?" "How about that Gorn sitting on the couch?" "That seems fairly conclusive."
      These indicators do not offer conclusive evidence that the email is a hoax but they are certainly enough to warrant further investigation before you hit the "Forward" Button.
      His doctors ran extensive tests but found nothing conclusive.
      Research has not yet provided a conclusive answer to the question.
      I'm hoping for more conclusive results.
      Compare conclusive, decisive, inconclusive, and indecive.
      v[T] put down
      To quell opposition or violent behaviour means to stop it.
      The lawmaker further said, "I tried to quell the violence. I was there until 2:00 am."
      President Khan sent more troops to quell the rebellion.
      Attempts by at least four policemen to quell the unrest had failed.
      The king could not use local militia to quell the uprising because it was feared that they would join the rebels.
      Violence erupts and police are used to quell the disturbance and later the protests are branded as acts of terror.
      Troops were deployed to quell the riots and the military retained a heavy presence at the sprawling prison complex Sunday.
      The police were attacked, but eventually managed to quell the situation.
      They embarked on a mission aimed at strengthening the ability of the Afghan National Army and Afghan National Police to quell the insurgency.
      Anxious to quell the rising tide of petty crime, the Scottish authorities imposed harsh sentences.
      In an attempt to quell the protests Mubarak shutdown the country's Internet and mobile networks that served as organizing tools for the demonstrators.
      This takes some doing but it does help to quell the angry feelings, especially when you can channel them into motivating you to do something constructive.
      adj proficient
      Gnabry is indeed a very talented player, skilful and strong.
      He's very skilful and has great pace and stamina.
      Jean Foillard is without doubt one of the most skilful and one of the most influential winemakers in all of France.
      Our team is much more skillful than the Ivorians perhaps they only have the physically advantage over us.
      v[I] become less strong or decrease
      I hobbled around on crutches all afternoon and the pain began to abate.
      In less than five days, my headache began to abate.
      Their hatred has not abated over the centuries.
      Climate experts know that the long-term warming trend has not abated in the past decade.
      Gold demand, however, has not abated and higher production costs effectively put a floor under the price of gold.
      Here. I'm hoping once you reap the endorphic rewards of the steady clickety-clack of steel wheels on polished rails, your sour disposition will abate.
      n[U] the crime of intentionally and maliciously setting fire to buildings, wildland areas, dumpsters, vehicles or other property with the intent to cause damage
      Arson often involves fires deliberately set to the property of another or to one's own property as to collect insurance compensation.
      A person who commits this crime is called an arsonist. More often than not, arsonists use accelerants (such as gasoline or kerosene) to ignite, propel, and directionalize fires.
      In many states, arson is divided into degrees, depending sometimes on the value of the property but more commonly on its use and whether the crime was committed in the day or night.
      First-degree arson - The act in which the arsonist sets fire to an occupied domain or building such as a school.
      Second-degree arson - The act in which the arsonist sets fire to an unoccupied building such as an empty barn.
      Third-degree arson - The act in which the arsonist sets fire to an abandoned building or an abandoned area of space such as a field.
      The Skyline Parkway Motel at Rockfish Gap after arson on July 9, 2004.
      Cars in Hackney, Greater London after arson during the 2011 England Riots
      v[T] spoil the shape or appearance of sth
      It probably would have taken many thousands of years to deform the rock into these shapes.
      If you were to deform the ball by compressing the sides with your hands, the surface of the ball facing you would no longer be uniform. It would curve more in a horizontal direction than in a vertical direction.
      Chandler deformed his hands playing Ms. Pac-Man.
      It takes is a donation of $150 to take care of a deformed child in India, yet there are so few willing to help.
      In a future life when I attain Bodhi, if there are sentient beings whose bodies are inferior and whose faculties are imperfect, who are ugly, dull, blind, deaf, mute, deformed, paralyzed, hunch-backed, or afflicted with skin disease, insanity, or various other sicknesses and sufferings, upon hearing my name they shall all become endowed with upright features, keen intelligence, and perfect faculties, and they shall be free of sickness and suffering.
      The Bodhi Tree was a large and very old Sacred Fig tree located in Bodh Gaya, India, under which Siddhartha Gautama, the spiritual teacher later known as Gautama Buddha, is said to have achieved enlightenment, or Bodhi.
      I don't have any physical deformities, but I also don't think I am attractive.
      Compare deform, disfigure, misshape, and reform.
      v[T] correct sth that is wrong or unfair
      n[U] compensation
      It has received relatively little attention, and is not widely understood. This book redresses the balance.
      We would like to see inequalities between the sectors redressed.
      This failure needs to be redressed by the state through better and more widespread education opportunities, health coverage and skills improvement among other interventions.
      It was later shown that the slums occupied less than 2% of the land designated as protected, but no redress was provided to those affected.
      Compare redress, remedy, and rectify.
      n[C] a view of a wide area ¶ a full description of a particular situation or subject
      A panorama (formed from Greek πᾶν "all" + ὅραμα "sight"), is any wide-angle view or representation of a physical space, whether in painting, drawing, photography, film, seismic images or a three-dimensional model.
      The word was originally coined in the 18th century by the Irish painter Robert Barker to describe his panoramic paintings of Edinburgh and London.
      The motion-picture term panning is derived from panorama.
      In the mid-19th century, panoramic paintings and models became a very popular way to represent landscapes and historical events.
      A 360-degree panorama with stereographic projection
      360 degree panorama picture of the center courtyard of the Sony Center at the Potsdamer Platz in Berlin. This picture was calculated from 126 individual photos using autostitch
      adj containing or derived from error, mistaken
      Those statements, my friends, are erroneous.
      The mainstream view is based on the erroneous belief that the banks need reserves before they can lend and that quantitative easing provides those reserves.
      They got it wrong because they misunderstood how evolution works. They made the erroneous assumption that the important thing in evolution is the good of the species (or the group) rather than the good of the individual (or the gene).
      Yet it fosters the erroneous impression that he is a grump, a curmudgeon.
      The commentary is not based on incomplete or erroneous information.
      This expansion of federal power was based on an erroneous interpretation of the congressional power to regulate interstate commerce.
      v[I] go or extend in different directions from a common point
      If one thing diverges from another similar thing, the first thing becomes different from the second or develops differently from it. You can also say that two things diverge.
      If one opinion or idea diverges from another, they contradict each other or are different. You can also say that two opinions or ideas diverge.
      If one road, path, or route diverges from another, they lead in different directions after starting from the same place. You can also say that roads, paths, or routes diverge.
      The tree rings started to diverge from expected growth due to increased temperatures because their ability to photosynthesize is increasingly impaired due to exposure to toxic background tropospheric ozone, the level of which is inexorably rising.
      Two roads diverged in the wood and I took the one less traveled by.
      However, since the onset of summer bond yields and stock prices started to diverge.
      Swear words also are prohibited and comments that diverge from the topic of the story are not allowed.
      Compare converge and diverge.