LearnTest 1Test 2Test 3Up

      n[U] technical or special words and phrases which are used by particular groups of people
      The KGB translators on duty were not highly qualified and unfamiliar with the jargon of strategic negotiations.
      This strange phrase is part of the jargon of the English pub game of Darts.
      For the average buyer, real estate can be a maze of jargon and legal definitions.
      I scanned it quickly, but it was all written in technical jargon.
      Compare jargon and parlance.
      adj very strongly felt and sincere
      My heartfelt thanks to Gloria Davies, long-term collaborator and friend.
      I would like to extend my heartfelt thanks to the police at Newcastle and Warratah stations.
      I would like to express my heartfelt thanks for your generosity in providing this award.
      I am sending my heartfelt condolences.
      Please accept my heartfelt condolences.
      My heartfelt gratitude goes out to Mayor Susan Fennell, the City, our sponsors, volunteers, and the staff in the Community Services Department.
      Compare earnest and heartfelt.
      n[C] kitchen appliance for cooking ¶ a fruit, esp an apple, that is suitable for cooking but not for eating raw
      Cooker may refer to several types of cooking appliances and devices used for cooking foods.
      A solar cooker is a device which uses the energy of direct sunlight to heat, cook or pasteurize food or drink
      A slow cooker, also known as a Crock-Pot (a trademark that is sometimes used generically in the US, Canada, Australia and New Zealand), is a countertop electrical cooking appliance that is used for simmering, which requires maintaining a relatively low temperature (compared to other cooking methods such as baking, boiling, and frying), allowing unattended cooking for many hours of pot roast, stews, soups, "boiled" dinners and other suitable dishes, including dips, desserts and beverages.
      A rice cooker or rice steamer (also known colloquially as a rice maker in America) is an electric kitchen appliance used to boil or steam rice.
      Electric rice cookers were developed in Japan, where they are known as suihanki (炊飯器).
      Pressure cookers are typically made of aluminum (aluminium) or stainless steel.
      A pressure cooker. The regulator is a weight on a nozzle next to the handle on the lid.
      His airtight cooker used steam pressure to raise the water's boiling point, thus resulting in a much quicker cooking.
      In an induction cooker, a coil of copper wire is placed under the cooking pot and an alternating electric current is passed through it.
      The resulting oscillating magnetic field induces a magnetic flux which repeatedly magnetises the pot, treating it like a lossy magnetic core of a transformer.
      An electric cooker is an electric powered cooking device for heating and cooking of food. An electric cooker often has four stoves and one or two ovens.
      A pressure cooker is a large metal container with a lid that fits tightly,in which you can cook food quickly using steam at high pressure.
      Put similar sized beets together with enough boiling water to cover them and cook until tender (usually about 30 to 45 minutes in an open pot, or 10 to 15 minutes in a pressure cooker).
      adj involving a lot of strength and effort
      Then, they began the arduous task of documenting the 600,000 Commonwealth casualties from the Second World War.
      A month before miners had even started their arduous journey, all gold-bearing Klondike ground had been staked.
      Course selection is an arduous process, and with literally hundreds of choices.
      After eight years of arduous work, Dr. Hoque published the only complete Assamese translation of the Qur-an in three volumes.
      There is still a long and arduous road ahead.
      The fight against child labour is an arduous struggle.
      Sir Mervyn King said that the UK faces an arduous path to economic recovery.
      v[T] make sb feel slightly confused, embarrassed, or worried
      I was disconcerted to find the other guests formally dressed.
      Pinter's plays are poker-faced, smiling enigmatically, daring us to call their bluff - disconcerting.
      I find it rather disconcerting to see so many of my daughter's classmates with Facebook profiles, even though they are well below the age of 13.
      It may be disconcerting to see the emblem of the United States of America eating at a dump or at a carcass on the side of the road, but the ability of eagles to exploit a wide range of food choices is one of the keys to their success.
      I like nature and wide, open spaces. That's why I was a bit disconcerted by the size of the city and the number of people.
      Compare disconcert and off-putting.
      adj making you feel dizzy
      Today's cars, sport-utility vehicles, trucks and minivans have a dizzying array of seat shapes and contours.
      Claire Richards, young, fit and with a figure to die for, reached the dizzying heights of fame in the hit band Steps when she was only twenty.
      Claire Richards is an English singer-songwriter and dancer best known for being the lead singer in the pop group Steps from 1997 until Richards left the band resulting in the band splitting shortly after in 2001.
      A dizzying number of smartphones is now available in the United States.
      Vancouver Aquarium: This underwater wonderland is home to a dizzying variety of fish and aquatic mammals in natural habitats.
      He got rich at a dizzying speed.
      Computers continue to advance at a dizzying pace.
      v[IT] stutter
      n[C] stutter
      If you stammer, you speak with difficulty, hesitating and repeating words or sounds.
      Someone who has a stammer tends to stammer when they speak.
      "Y-yes, sir, it would!" I heard myself stammer.
      Stammering is a condition that can be caused by a number of factors, including genetics or a language disorder.
      However, anxiety often makes stuttering worse and this results in further apprehension.
      In order to stop this vicious cycle, you need to consider some ways in which you can reduce anxiety and stop stammering.
      Understand that although a person can overcome stammering, it is not accomplished overnight.
      See the words in your mind and practice saying them with your internal voice before saying them out loud.
      Try to slow down your talking pace.
      Read aloud often and this will help you stop stuttering.
      Recognize how breathing correctly can help you end stammering.
      Practice difficult words on your own time.
      Stuttering tips: advice & secrets from stutterers and ex-stutterers on how to reduce stuttering.
      Compare stagger, stammer, and stutter.
      v[T] reduce sb/sth to a lower grade, rank or level of importance
      also a noun
      The New York Fed did a quick study this fall after markets plunged in August when Standard and Poor's decided to downgrade the credit of the United States government.
      If there was a downgrade of the US AAA rating, what would happen first?
      In August 2011, Hurricane Irene was downgraded to a tropical storm right before it made landfall in New York City.
      I have the latest beta ( and want to downgrade to the latest non-beta version.
      Although originally set out by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) as a network that can deliver download data speeds of between 100Mbps and 1Gbps, this description has had to be downgraded to cover a number of next-generation networks that get somewhere close to that original definition.
      Compare demote, downgrade, promote, and upgrade.
      n[U] food for farm animals ¶ people or things that are useful for the stated purpose
      Fodder or animal feed is any agricultural foodstuff used specifically to feed domesticated livestock, such as cattle, goats, sheep, horses, chickens and pigs.
      "Fodder" refers particularly to food given to the animals (including plants cut and carried to them), rather than that which they forage for themselves.
      Cut green fodder being transported to cattle in Tanzania
      Barley is a crop sometimes grown for fodder.
      It might be good fodder for a future blog post or article.
      If you describe soldiers as cannon fodder, you mean that they are not considered important by their officers and are sent into war without their leaders caring if they die.
      n[U] a sudden feeling of fear ¶ sb/sth that looks very messy
      If a person or animal takes fright at something, they are suddenly frightened by it, and want to run away or to stop doing what they are doing.
      My 4-year-old daughter did tip an empty trolley over one time when she was 3! That gave us both a fright.
      The bird took fright and fled with a clatter of wings.
      She took fright at the sight of the uniform and ran away.
      Stage fright is a feeling of fear or nervousness that some people have just before they appear in front of an audience.
      That's right I stepped up! She's my friend and she needed help! If I had to, I'd pee on anyone of you! Only, uhh, I couldn't. I got the stage fright. I wanted to help, but there was too much pressure. So-so I uh, I turned to Chandler.
      Turns out the great Sheldon Cooper has stage fright.
      adj extremely large
      It was a colossal waste of my time to have two boarding ramps shared with one flight international and one domestic.
      From a country like Mexico, where ever-deepening drug-related violence claims 33 lives a day, the global 'war on drugs' declared by President Nixon 40 years ago can be seen for what it is - a colossal failure.
      The US is facing a situation in the coming decades of having to pay a colossal amount of public debt.
      The scientists wanted to keep the colossal squid intact to put on display, so they could not dissect it to look at the internal organs.
      I had made a colossal mistake in giving up my life for a man who wasn't willing to compromise.
      Compare colossal, enormous, and immense.
      adj very dangerous
      It's a really touching film about a couple of monks who take some children across the Himalayas on a perilous journey.
      The perilous state of Iraq has always been the product of European and US imperialism.
      Wales are now left in a perilous situation after their 10-33 defeat to New Zealand at the Millennium Stadium.
      By 1987, she had opened a hospital for women, and set up clinics and girls' schools. In all, she opened 10 clinics, four hospitals and schools for 17,000, which put her in a perilous position after the Taliban seized control in the late 1990s.
      v[I] moves as if the water is boiling ¶ be crowded ¶ be extremely angry
      Then the sea around the sharks began to swirl and seethe, as if terrible, violent things were happening underwater.
      Among them are super massive black holes called blazars; the seething remnants of supernova explosions; and rapidly rotating neutron stars called pulsars.
      The streets were seething with tourists.
      Good job Apple. I'm sure there are a lot of Fandroids seething over this.
      All these comments make me seethe with anger at their ignorances.
      I clenched my fists, seething with anger.
      Compare boil, churn, foam, and fume.
      n[C] a short well-known statement that gives practical advice about life ^saying
      A proverb (from Latin: proverbium) is a simple and concrete saying, popularly known and repeated, that expresses a truth based on common sense or the practical experience of humanity.
      A proverb that describes a basic rule of conduct may also be known as a maxim.
      A Chinese proverb. It says, "Learn till old, live till old, and there is still one-third not learned."
      "A penny saved is a penny earned" is an example of a proverb.
      Ignorance is bliss.
      You can lead a horse to water, but you can't make him drink.
      A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.
      Well begun is half done.
      Good things come to those who wait.
      A dog is a man's best friend.
      I'm sorry Mr. Geller. But you know, there's an old saying, 'Sometimes monkeys die.' It's not a great saying but it certainly is fitting today.
      adj very private and quiet
      Paul's Cabin, Paul and Rachel are sitting on the couch drinking wine and talking. "It's so secluded up here." "I know. I like it here."
      Ross and Chandler start heading that way towards a secluded section behind the racks.
      I was at the end of this path and I came to a clearing and there was a lake, very secluded. And there were tall trees all around. It was dead silent. Gorgeous. And across the lake I saw a beautiful woman bathing herself, but she was crying.
      I believe that, uh, we just killed a dragon. While the others pillage the corpse, I lead you to a secluded area where I attempt to remove your leather armor.
      n[C] era
      In the fields of chronology and periodization, an epoch is an instant in time chosen as the origin of a particular era.
      The Unix epoch is the time 00:00:00 UTC on 1 January 1970. The Unix time number is zero at the Unix epoch, and increases by exactly 86400 per day since the epoch.
      In geochronology, an epoch is a subdivision of the geologic timescale that is longer than an age and shorter than a period.
      In astronomy, an epoch is a moment in time used as a reference point for some time-varying astronomical quantity, such as the celestial coordinates or elliptical orbital elements of a celestial body.
      Einstein's theory marked a new epoch in physics.
      The birth of Christ was the beginning of a major epoch of world history.
      v[IT] steal money or property violently from a place, esp during a war ¶ use up all or most of the supplies of sth in a careless way
      also a noun
      The first exploit of the gang was to attack New Norfolk - then a small but flourishing township - and to plunder the inhabitants of all their portable property.
      Systematically, for hundreds of years, England sought to plunder the world for as much of its wealth as possible.
      With the end of capitalist domination, the plunder of Third World resources would end and genuine development could ensue.
      In spite of the plundering of its costly belongings there are still some beautiful pieces of relics such as the neo-classical bronze Greek statues, flower vases, chandeliers, carved wooden bedstead and furniture.
      The US military machine is an instrument of murder, torture and plunder.
      Is national sovereignty limited to the right of local politicians to abduct, kill, torture and slander people, to plunder and lay waste to the land? What rights does the common person possess, minorities or majority?
      The Old Summer Palace, known in Chinese as 圆明园 (the Gardens of Perfect Brightness), and originally called the Imperial Gardens, was a complex of palaces and gardens in Beijing.
      Charles George Gordon, then a 27-year-old captain in the Royal Engineers, was part of the 1860 force and wrote: "These places were so large, and we were so pressed for time, that we could not plunder them carefully."
      British and French looters preferred porcelain (much of which still graces English and French country houses) while neglecting bronze vessels prized locally for cooking and burial in tombs.
      Compare loot, pillage, plunder, ransack, and ravage.
      n[C] the outer atmosphere of a star
      A corona is an aura of plasma that surrounds the Sun and other celestial bodies.
      The Sun's corona extends millions of kilometres into space and is most easily seen during a total solar eclipse, but it is also observable with a coronagraph.
      The word "corona" is a Latin word meaning "crown", from the Ancient Greek κορώνη (korōnē, “garland, wreath”).
      The high temperature of the Sun's corona gives it unusual spectral features, which led some in the 19th century to suggest that it contained a previously unknown element, "coronium".
      During a total solar eclipse, the solar corona can be seen by the naked eye.
      The Toyota Corona is an automobile manufactured by the Japanese automaker Toyota between 1957 and 2002.
      Google Chrome is a freeware web browser developed by Google. It used the WebKit layout engine until version 27 and, with the exception of its iOS releases, from version 28 and beyond uses the WebKit fork Blink.
      adj unusual or strange and often amusing
      "How exactly is a two-month-old supposed to appreciate puppets?" "Actually studies have shown that the movement and colors help their cerebral development. The whimsical characters are just for us."
      I assumed he was joking. You'd be surprised how many particle physicists have a whimsical side.
      "Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!": Adventures of a Curious Character is an edited collection of reminiscences by the Nobel Prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman.
      Sheldon has a series of whimsical duck stickers on the bottom of his tub.
      They're whimsical because ducks have neither the need for, nor the ability to use umbrellas.
      "Sheldon, look at me. I think it's time to face the fact that Leonard is the nucleus of your social group. Where he goes, the group goes." "Leonard the nucleus? That makes no sense. I'm the whimsical elf that everyone looks to for a good time."
      Anyway, if Kripke asks, tell him my coitus with Amy is frequent, intense and whimsically inventive.
      adj intended to harm or upset other people
      There are a lot of people out there with malicious intent who are wanting to get hold of our personal information.
      Any obviously false, malicious, libelous, or copyrighted data will be erased.
      While executing the malicious code, the malware displays a genuine article about leaked iPhone 5 battery Images.
      Microsoft Windows Malicious Software Removal Tool is a freely-distributed virus removal tool developed by Microsoft for the Microsoft Windows operating system.
      First released on January 13, 2005, it is an on-demand anti-virus tool ("on-demand" meaning it lacks real-time protection) that scans the computer for specific widespread malware and tries to eliminate the infection.
      n[U] the whole of sth
      The Netherlands in its entirety is often referred to as "Holland".
      The entirety of the US population doesn't understand how prices affect them day-to-day.
      Monica and Chandler stayed in the hotel throughout the entirety of the weekend.
      I did watch the debate in its entirety.
      That's the work of noted Hollywood costume designer Deborah Nadoolman. She also designed the iconic red and black jacket in Michael Jackson's Thriller video, which I've never viewed in its entirety, as I find zombies dancing in choreographed synchronicity implausible. And also, it's really scary.
      Compare completeness, fullness, entirety, and totality.
      v[T] praise sb/sth
      He lauded the organizers for achieving successful deliberations at the meeting.
      Verizon is often lauded for its cellular coverage.
      It was a daring rescue. Ken Taylor was lauded as a hero and Canadian flags were flown in gratitude all over the United States.
      Lauded by fans and critics as an outstanding performer and song-writer, Bono has also been praised by world leaders as an accomplished activist
      Compare laud, lord, and loud.
      adj hurried
      A hasty movement, action, or statement is sudden, and often done in reaction to something that has just happened.
      A hasty event or action is one that is completed more quickly than normal.
      If you describe a person or their behavior as hasty, you mean that they are acting too quickly, without thinking carefully, for example because they are angry.
      Emily and Ross knew it was a bit hasty.
      This is gonna sound you know, a little umm, hasty, What if we got married?
      He says despite the need to move quickly in the property market, you shouldn't make a hasty decision.
      A hasty conclusion reached by many is the insider trades were placed by bin Laden and his associates.
      If you beat a (hasty) retreat, you leave somewhere or stop doing something very quickly, in order to avoid a bad situation.
      Compare hasty and impetuous.
      n[U] doing sth for the public good to improve other people's lives
      The word "philanthropy" comes from Greek words that mean "love of humanity".
      President of Uruguay, José Mujica donates 90% of his salary to charity. This is an example of philanthropy.
      Today philanthropy is used for public good, focusing on quality of life. People owning big business donates their salary to charities such as Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg, and Ted Turner.
      Instances of philanthropy commonly overlap with instances of charity, though not all charity is philanthropy, or vice versa.
      The difference commonly cited is that charity relieves the pains of social problems, whereas philanthropy attempts to solve those problems at their root causes (the difference between giving a hungry man a fish, and teaching him how to fish for himself).
      A person who practices philanthropy is called a philanthropist.
      v[T] inspire or influence thoroughly
      The ranged swords are instead imbued with magic and use that to attack at a distance.
      The weapons, Remy knows, were forged eons ago and imbued with unimaginable power.
      He was a whole-souled (=with unconditional and enthusiastic devotion) man, fully imbued with a love of his afflicted and haunted people.
      We wanted to imbue the event with a less formal aura.