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      n[C] a group of people attractively arranged (as if in a painting) ¶ any dramatic scene
      Tableau vivant (plural: tableaux vivants) means "living picture". The term, borrowed from the French language, describes a group of suitably costumed actors or artist's models, carefully posed and often theatrically lit.
      The most recent heyday of the tableau vivant was the 19th century, with virtually nude tableaux vivants or poses plastiques providing a form of erotic entertainment.
      The tableau of 16 male and female figures standing rigidly holding in their hands what looks like bodies at first glance is both striking and impressive.
      I love every second of the ceremony, which reminds me of tableaux depicting Indians trading for the the Island of Manhattan.
      Each episode is ''illustrated'' in silent-film-style tableaus, with jump-cut flashbacks and Chaplinesque mugging from the actors.
      One of my favourite Philip Handel windows is the 'Christ in Glory' window at St John's Anglican Church, Dee Why, Sydney. Occupying the entire south wall of the church, 'Christ in Glory' is a tableau of small square windows, which combine to create a spectacle of Christ's grandeur through contrasting colours, lines and symbols.
      The game starts with 4 cards dealt to the top row, forming the tableau. The remaining cards are placed face-down to form the stock.
      The Victorian era also saw a rise in bizarre popular art featuring dioramas of, say, bunnies attending school or kittens getting married, like the work of Walter Potter, whose strange collection of tableaux sold at auction for over half a million pounds in total.
      "I will be the scientist who confirmed string theory. People will write books about me. Third-graders will create macaroni-art dioramas depicting scenes from my life." "Sure. Maybe a tableau of me trying to pummel you to death."
      Tableau (plural: tableaux or tableaus) is from the French diminutive of "table", sometimes meaning "picture".
      n[C] a weight suspended from a pivot so that it can swing freely
      When a pendulum is displaced sideways from its resting equilibrium position, it is subject to a restoring force due to gravity that will accelerate it back toward the equilibrium position.
      When released, the restoring force combined with the pendulum's mass causes it to oscillate about the equilibrium position, swinging back and forth.
      The time for one complete cycle, a left swing and a right swing, is called the period.
      The period depends on the length of the pendulum, and also to a slight degree on the amplitude, the width of the pendulum's swing.
      From its examination in around 1602 by Galileo Galilei, the regular motion of pendulums was used for timekeeping, and was the world's most accurate timekeeping technology until the 1930s.
      Pendulums are used to regulate pendulum clocks, and are used in scientific instruments such as accelerometers and seismometers.
      The word 'pendulum' is new Latin, from the Latin pendulus, meaning 'hanging'.
      Then the Government changed its policy and stated that adult dependants did not have to attend the interview. Now, the pendulum has swung back to the original position and adult dependants must attend the interview.
      Whether the pendulum swings to dryness or the pendulum swings to being oily, everyone has combination skin.
      n[C] sb whose job is to plan the movements that dancers perform on stage
      Choreography is the art or practice of designing sequences of movements of physical bodies (or their depictions) in which motion, form, or both are specified.
      A choreographer is one who creates choreographies by practicing the art of choreography, a process known as choreographing.
      Choreography is used in a variety of fields, including cheerleading, cinematography, gymnastics, fashion shows, ice skating, marching band, show choir, theatre, synchronized swimming, video game production and animated art.
      Johnny was simultaneously involved in the Synergy Dance Show as a choreographer, which allowed him to network with the Stages manager and secure a Friday night spot opening the club.
      There has been a playwright, iconographer, choreographer and painter among the mix of prominent artists that have been named as the annual Artist-in-Residence (AIR) for the Cambridge Centre for the Arts.
      Even before "Black Swan" launched his career as a film choreographer-actor and set in motion a whirlwind romance and engagement with Portman, he was gaining international renown for his dancing and his stylish, architectural choreography at New York City Ballet and beyond.
      Black Swan is a 2010 American psychological thriller-horror film. The plot revolves around a production of Tchaikovsky's Swan Lake ballet by a prestigious New York City company.
      adj evil, immoral, or horrible
      Unit 731 was his team that was put together to create biological and chemical weapons. They carried out the most vile and deeply evil experimentation on humans, most of whom were Chinese, but during the war they also did live dissections (without anesthesia) on Australian and US prisoners.
      They are vile and disgusting, but they exist.
      It rips my heart apart to read and hear all of the vicious, vile and disgusting lies that are spouted by him.
      Everyone in this administration is vile and despicable.
      n[C] a garden tool with a long handle and a short blade used to remove weeds and break up the surface of the ground
      also a verb
      A hoe is an ancient and versatile agricultural tool used to move small amounts of soil.
      Common goals include weed control by agitating the surface of the soil around plants, piling soil around the base of plants (hilling), creating narrow furrows (drills) and shallow trenches for planting seeds and bulbs, to chop weeds, roots and crop residues, and even to dig or move soil, such as when harvesting root crops like potatoes.
      A farmer using a hoe to keep weeds down in a vegetable garden.
      Hoes are an ancient technology, predating the plough and perhaps preceded only by the digging stick.
      Shadusa ran till he came upon five farmers hoeing a field.
      And the writers read what the critics said and sighed, and gave up writing books, and went off and hoed potatoes; as advised. They had had no experience in hoeing potatoes, and they hoed very badly; and the people whose potatoes they hoed strongly recommended them to leave hoeing potatoes, and to go back and write books.
      n[U] a state of mind where sb obstinately, irrationally, unfairly or intolerantly dislikes other people, ideas, etc
      Some examples of bigotry include personal beliefs, race, religion, national origin, gender, disability, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, or other group characteristics.
      Pakistani Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf called the low-budget film, which sparked the wave of violence throughout the Muslim world, the "worst kind of bigotry." "Let me make it absolutely clear: This is not about freedom of expression; this is more about hatred, and it also demonstrates blatant double-standards," Ashraf said.
      Innocence of Muslims is the title attributed to a controversial anti-Islamic movie "trailer" that was written and produced by Nakoula Basseley Nakoula.
      Bigotry is extreme intolerance toward those who hold different opinions from oneself. I see bigotry on both sides of this debate every day.
      Should I introduce myself to these people so that they can meet a happily married gay couple? Should I send them a card? Should I just ignore their bigotry as I walk through the neighborhood with my husband?
      Compare bigotry and dogmatism.
      n[U] the ability to live forever, or eternal life
      Alchemists searched for an elixir that would produce immortality.
      Certain scientists, futurists, and philosophers, have theorized about the immortality of the human body, and advocate that human immortality is achievable in the first few decades of the 21st century, whereas other advocates believe that life extension is a more achievable goal in the short term, with immortality awaiting further research breakthroughs into an indefinite future.
      Christian theology holds that Adam and Eve lost physical immortality for themselves and all their descendants in the Fall of Man.
      In Christian theology, the fall of man, or the fall, is a term used to describe the transition of the first man and woman from a state of innocent obedience to God to a state of guilty disobedience.
      Those who did believe in Allah, one god, and did well are admitted to Jannah (Paradise) and attain immortality. Infidels and those who committed unforgivable evil will never leave Hell 'Jahannam'.
      Taoism as a school of thought focused on the quest for immortality.
      The ankh is an Egyptian symbol of life that holds connotations of immortality when depicted in the hands of the gods and pharaohs, who were seen as having control over the journey of life.
      Immortality is a popular subject in fiction, as it explores humanity's deep-seated fears and comprehension of its own mortality.
      In the film, which draws inspiration from the novel On Stranger Tides by Tim Powers, Captain Jack Sparrow is joined by Angelica in his search for the Fountain of Youth, confronting the infamous pirate Blackbeard.
      n[C] a bear native to south central China
      The giant panda, also known as panda bear or simply panda, is a bear native to south central China.
      It is easily recognized by the large, distinctive black patches around its eyes, over the ears, and across its round body.
      The name "giant panda" is sometimes used to distinguish it from the unrelated red panda.
      Though it belongs to the order Carnivora, the giant panda's diet is over 99% bamboo.
      Giant pandas in the wild will occasionally eat other grasses, wild tubers, or even meat in the form of birds, rodents or carrion.
      In captivity, they may receive honey, eggs, fish, yams, shrub leaves, oranges, or bananas along with specially prepared food.
      The red panda, also called lesser panda, red bear-cat and red cat-bear, is a small arboreal mammal native to the eastern Himalayas and south-western China that has been classified as vulnerable by IUCN as its wild population is estimated at less than 10,000 mature individuals.
      Kung Fu Panda is a 2008 American computer-animated action comedy martial arts film produced by DreamWorks Animation and distributed by Paramount Pictures.
      adj not needed, unnecessary
      The product lines will continue to be redundant.
      Using them both is redundant and ungrammatical.
      In the sentence, "he is a single unmarried man", the word "unmarried" is redundant.
      If someone is redundant, they have been told they must leave their job because they are no longer needed.
      They have far more options than those made redundant in their forties, with mortgages and families to support.
      Indeed, while thousands are made redundant or forced to work in lower paid work for which they are woefully overqualified, the rich do not appear to have been touched by recession.
      I am 51. I was made redundant as a direct result of government cuts to funding and changes in education policy.
      n[U] the tendency of objects to keep moving in a straight line at constant velocity
      Inertia is the resistance of any physical object to any change in its state of motion, including changes to its speed and direction.
      The principle of inertia is one of the fundamental principles of classical physics that are used to describe the motion of objects and how they are affected by applied forces.
      Inertia comes from the Latin word, iners, meaning idle, sluggish.
      Inertia is one of the primary manifestations of mass, which is a quantitative property of physical systems.
      Isaac Newton defined inertia as his first law in his Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica.
      If you have a feeling of inertia, you feel very lazy and unwilling to move or be active.
      The inertia of systems is a problem across all domains.
      The inertia of the familiar keeps many of us from buying that plane ticket, negotiating with our boss, and structuring a life rich with adventure and mobility.
      adj unusually large, enormous
      Yeah, you want 55-JUMBO. Yeah, that's right. That's right, JUMBO with a U, sir.
      Ross knocks on the door and Ugly Naked Guy answers it. He's ugly. He's naked. And he's holding a huge jumbo soda.
      "I need eggs. Four dozen should suffice." "Four dozen?" "Yes, and evenly distributed amongst brown, white, free-range, large, extra large and jumbo."
      Jumbo was a famous 19th-century circus elephant, and "jumbo" is now an adjective for big or huge.
      Jumbo, Jr., better known as Dumbo, is the main protagonist of the 1941 Disney film of the same name.
      Dumbo is an American animated film produced by Walt Disney Productions and premiered on October 23, 1941, by RKO Radio Pictures.
      Nicknamed Superjumbo, the first A380, MSN003, (registered as 9V-SKA) was delivered to Singapore Airlines on 15 October 2007 and entered service on 25 October 2007 with flight number SQ380 between Singapore and Sydney.
      A Jumbotron, sometimes referred to as Jumbovision, is a large-screen television using technology developed by Sony, typically used in sports stadiums and concert venues to show close up shots of the event.
      The largest Jumbotron in use was located at the SkyDome (now called Rogers Centre) in Toronto, Ontario, and measured 10 m tall by 33.5 m wide (33 ft × 110 ft) at a cost of US$17 million.
      adj dependable
      Hello all, I am a 28 year old married male, looking for a trustworthy person to travel across Australia with.
      Ask your own insurance agent, surely a more trustworthy source than total strangers located in the mystery world of the Internet.
      There are a lot of trustworthy people who want to help.
      Moving to and living in Malaysia requires a wealth of up-to-date, trustworthy information on various aspects of Malaysian expat life.
      "Why do you put up with Sheldon?" "Look, I know he can be aggravating, but what you have to remember is that he's not doing it on purpose. It's just how he is. Oh, but he's also loyal and trustworthy and we have fun together." "You know you're describing a dog."
      Compare deceitful, dependable, reliable, responsible, and trustworthy.
      adj likely to make you healthy ¶ considered to have a good influence on people
      I try to live a good, wholesome, healthy life.
      Eating real, wholesome food is affordable, accessible, and achievable.
      The quality was excellent. Loads of fresh veggies and fruits at every meal, everything tasty and wholesome.
      Pixar's Monsters Inc. is a fine example of a wholesome, kid-friendly monster movie, not because of the fear factor, but because of the "fear not" message.
      The UN are hypocrites, they say what is good and wholesome, and practice the opposite.
      n[C] a small crisp red or white root vegetable with a strong taste
      Radishes are grown and consumed throughout the world, being mostly eaten raw as a crunchy salad vegetable.
      Broadly speaking, radishes can be categorized into four main types (summer, fall, winter, and spring) and a variety of shapes lengths, colors, and sizes, such as red, pink, white, gray-black or yellow radishes, with round or elongated roots that can grow longer than a parsnip.
      Radishes are a good source of vitamin B6, riboflavin, magnesium, copper, and calcium.
      One cup of sliced red radish bulbs provides approximately 19 calories, largely from carbohydrates.
      The bulb of the radish is usually eaten raw, although tougher specimens can be steamed.
      Radishes are mostly used in salads but also appear in many European dishes.
      n[CU] features of a place or district ¶ the science of describing an area of land, or making maps of it
      The jagged topography of the cliffs causes many separate microclimates.
      Topography is a field of geoscience and planetary science comprising the study of surface shape and features of the Earth and other observable astronomical objects including planets, moons, and asteroids.
      It is also the description of such surface shapes and features (especially their depiction in maps).
      The topography of an area could also mean the surface shape and features themselves.
      Topography in a narrow sense involves the recording of relief or terrain, the three-dimensional quality of the surface, and the identification of specific landforms. This is also known as geomorphometry.
      The term topography originated in ancient Greece and continued in ancient Rome, as the detailed description of a place. The word comes from the Greek words τόπος (topos, "place") and -γραφία (-graphia, "writing").
      An objective of topography is to determine the position of any feature or more generally any point in terms of both a horizontal coordinate system such as latitude, longitude, and altitude.
      Topography has been applied to different science fields. In neuroscience, the neuroimaging discipline uses techniques such as EEG topography for brain mapping.
      In ophthalmology, corneal topography is used as a technique for mapping the surface curvature of the cornea.
      In tissue engineering, atomic force microscopy is used to map nanotopography.
      In human anatomy, topography is superficial human anatomy.
      In mathematics the concept of topography is used to indicate the patterns or general organization of features on a map or as a term referring to the pattern in which variables (or their values) are distributed in a space.
      n[s] a situation in which further development is impossible
      The company, which is headquartered in Washington, D.C., said Thursday that it would pay a $29,000 deposit to the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) to secure an extra hour of service for any games that run late. The announcement broke an impasse that had lasted for weeks between the transit authority, local leaders in the capital region and the baseball team.
      Negotiations with the IMF are at a very deep impasse.
      I wanted to provide some comments on the current impasse in relation to the asylum seeker debate.
      The country appears to be heading towards another political impasse in 2013.
      The uncertainty over the Greek aid talks and the U.S. budget impasse supported German government bonds, with 10-year yields steady at 1.35 percent.
      At the moment, China and Japan stand at a diplomatic impasse.
      Compare dead-end, deadlock, and impasse.
      n[U] physical or mental strength needed to do a tiring activity for a long time
      The child arrives home exhausted without the proper nourishment and stamina to do homework properly.
      It required immense physical discipline and stamina of the artist.
      They have individual preferences so a variety of species must be provided. The more koalas in care, the more leaf is required. Leaf harvesting requires physical stamina and takes a couple of hours, usually from about 8am to 10am.
      That unique combination of athletic prowess and mental stamina is exactly what propels Zajdel to such an elite level.
      The STU promises not only to improve your sexual stamina, but also to raise the intensity of your orgasms.
      Women tell each other everything. Like stuff you like, stuff she likes, technique, stamina, girth...
      n[C] a room with glass walls and a glass roof where plants are grown ¶ an institution where musicians are trained
      A conservatory is a room having glass roofing and walls, typically attached to a house on only one side, used as a greenhouse or a sunroom.
      Conservatories originated in the 16th century when wealthy landowners sought to cultivate citrus fruits such as lemons and oranges that began to appear on their dinner tables brought by traders from warmer regions of the Mediterranean.
      A traditional conservatory at the Horniman Museum in London
      When you walk into the conservatory, you are entering an artificially created, tropical environment.
      The Butterfly Conservatory also has an emergence window, where visitors are able to see butterflies emerge from their cocoons and take their first flight.
      The Butterfly Conservatory opens at 9am year round, but the closing times depend on the time of year. Usually during the summer, they stay open until 9pm. The prices are $11.00 for adults and $6.50 for children.
      Such an institution can also be known as a school of music, music academy, music faculty, college of music, music department (of a larger institution) or conservatory.
      He was hailed as a genius and given a scholarship to the Royal Danish Music Conservatory.
      adj dull and making you feel sad or bored
      If your living room faces north and you find the room dreary and rarely use it, consider changing the wall colour.
      I went on an overcast, slightly dreary day.
      We are having dreary weather here.
      Being stuck in dreary winter for the past few months has made me welcome the sight of anything sunny.
      If I don't have my hope then the world seems a very dreary place.
      n[C] device that converts electric signals to audible sound
      A loudspeaker (or loud-speaker or speaker) is an electroacoustic transducer; a device which converts an electrical audio signal into a corresponding sound.
      The first crude loudspeakers were invented during the development of telephone systems in the late 1800s, but electronic amplification by vacuum tube beginning around 1912 made loudspeakers truly practical.
      By the 1920s they were used in radios, phonographs, public address systems and theatre sound systems for talking motion pictures.
      The most widely-used type of speaker today is the dynamic speaker, invented in 1925 by Edward W. Kellogg and Chester W. Rice.
      The dynamic speaker operates on the same basic principle as a dynamic microphone, but in reverse, to produce sound from an electrical signal.
      To adequately reproduce a wide range of frequencies with even coverage, most loudspeaker systems employ more than one driver, particularly for higher sound pressure level or maximum accuracy.
      Individual drivers are used to reproduce different frequency ranges.
      The drivers are named subwoofers (for very low frequencies); woofers (low frequencies); mid-range speakers (middle frequencies); tweeters (high frequencies); and sometimes supertweeters, optimized for the highest audible frequencies.
      A four-way, high fidelity loudspeaker system.
      Two-way binding posts on a loudspeaker, connected using banana plugs.
      A 4-ohm loudspeaker with two pairs of binding posts capable of accepting bi-wiring after the removal of two metal straps.
      Specifications label on a loudspeaker.
      adj having a strong taste or smell
      The pungent smell of medicine again reminds me that I am in a hospital.
      It had a raw, pungent smell of hot asphalt and concrete.
      To appreciate Mesopotamian daily life our imagination must breath in the pungent aroma of the seasonings that once rose from ancient stoves and filled the air.
      I remember spending weekends downtown and smelling the sour, pungent aroma of fermentation blowing out the roof of the historic brewing plant.
      Almost every day the odor was stifling and unbearable with the pungent odor of faeces.
      Pungent comments or remarks criticize something in a direct and effective way.
      I generally see pungent criticism of a reviewer as a badge of honour.
      adj arranged in order of time of occurrence
      Over the next month, WikiLeaks will release in chronological order the United States' military detention policies followed for more than a decade.
      Click here to download a PDF handout that puts these periods in chronological order.
      This blog and me are both best understood if followed in chronological order.
      Asimov's early stories are examined here not in chronological sequence or on the basis of literary devices, but by looking at clusters of related ideas.
      Someone's chronological age is how old they actually are, rather than how old their mind or body seems.
      in'vælid 'invəli:d
      adj not legally or officially acceptable ¶ not based on all the facts
      n[C] sb who cannot look after themselves because of illness, old age, or injury
      also a verb
      The annulment of a contract or marriage is an official declaration that it is invalid.
      If something you type into a computer is invalid, the computer does not recognize or accept it.
      A value is required. Invalid format.
      Just because I didn't express myself well doesn't mean my underlying point was invalid! You bloviating buffoon!
      "Why don't you just have breakfast in bed?" "Because I am neither an invalid, nor a woman celebrating Mother's Day."
      To be invalided out means to have to leave the army, navy etc because you are ill or injured.
      He was invalided out of the war in February 1918 with shell-shock.
      He served at Gallipoli and the Somme, where he was wounded, and was invalided home in 1917.
      To invalid somebody home means to send someone home because of ill health.
      adj of, relating to, or occurring in the night
      An animal that is nocturnal is active at night.
      Cats by nature are nocturnal animals, but this doesn't always fit into our lifestyle.
      As in many other nocturnal animals, the pupils close to a vertical slit in bright light and open to a full circle in the dark.
      At the back of the eyeball, behind the retina, is a thin layer of guanine crystals (retinal tapetum).
      Badgers are nocturnal creatures.
      Meet me in the nocturnal house in 15 minutes. It's about your monkey. It's alive.
      Compare daily, diurnal, nocturnal, and nightly.
      These sperm will appear in intercourse, masturbation, nocturnal emission.
      A nocturnal emission or wet dream is a spontaneous orgasm during sleep that includes ejaculation for a male, or vaginal wetness or an orgasm (or both) for a female.
      This however did not deter me from continuing with my nefarious, nocturnal activities.
      n[U] the final result of a process or situation
      This is basically the culmination of 14 years of mixed martial arts training, a lot of dedication, and a lot of sacrifice.
      This, her latest book, is a culmination of a lifetime of study and deserves to stand as an enduring contribution to the understanding of life beyond physical death.
      The fight would reach its culmination in Jerusalem, on the top of Mount Zion, where the Davidic warrior would confront definitively the enemies of Israel.
      The ending isn't pretty but it is a natural culmination of everything that was brewing on that bus.
      For APIIT, it signalled the successful culmination of its mission to provide students with quality education.
      The fourth step is the logical culmination of the first three.
      The final whistle saw the inevitable culmination of this tension with a mass brawl ensuing between the two teams including the players and coaching staff but it seemed that the Serbians were by far the more aggressive of the two.