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      v[T] mock
      If you deride someone or something, you treat them or it as ridiculous and not worth considering seriously.
      Several GOP senators emerged from the hearing saying it was much more productive than a Sept. 20 briefing led by Clinton that senators derided as "useless" and "worthless."
      The Master Plan for the Interstate Highway System in 1939 was derided as "New Deal jitterbug economics."
      His 1983 speech on the subject was widely derided as "Star Wars" because he envisioned that some missile would be intercepted in space.
      The link between diet and mental health is largely ignored and frequently derided by the medical profession.
      Two exceptions are likely: Kuwait and Qatar. The former, derided for years by its neighbours for having a rather boisterous parliament, nonetheless provides its people with a voice.
      n[s] the point in the sky where the sun or moon is highest above the Earth ¶ peak
      Zenith refers to an imaginary point directly "above" a particular location, on the imaginary celestial sphere.
      "Above" means in the vertical direction opposite to the apparent gravitational force at that location.
      Shadows of trees when the sun is directly overhead (at the zenith).
      It's not because I've been ambivalent for Facebook for a long time, it's that Facebook is hitting the IPO market at its zenith, and it has nowhere to go but down.
      The British empire reached its zenith in the late nineteenth century.
      The cult of Black Caviar reached its zenith this week when the champion was effectively given human status by winning the Victorian Racing Media Association Personality of the Year Award.
      He took team India to the zenith of cricket.
      v[T] make a document, ticket, claim etc no longer legally or officially acceptable ¶ prove that an argument or opinion is wrong
      Failure to disclose all relevant changes may invalidate your policy.
      Later findings invalidated the theory.
      Gerow's decision to invalidate the resolution was appealed.
      Virginia filed a separate suit on Tuesday asking a federal judge to invalidate the entire health care reform.
      Sheldon Cooper's entire life's work is invalidated by Dennis Kim.
      This does not invalidate the Lorentz transformations and/or Einstein's conclusion that the same light speed c will be measured by any observer no matter at what speed he/she moves relative to other observers.
      adj remote, distant ¶ spread out over a very large area, widely distributed, wide-ranging
      But as he starts his second and final term following a strong election victory last night, president Barack Obama resumes service in the White House with a reputation abroad as a hard-nosed leader who killed Osama Bin Laden and who sent drones to pursue extremists in far-flung places.
      The Fibonacci sequence has broad use in far-flung areas of mathematics.
      Peter Smith's work as an army judge meant that the family moved around a great deal whilst young Moore was growing up, living in army bases as far-flung as Alabama, New Jersey, Nebraska, Juneau in Alaska, Panama and Germany - around two dozen locations, all told.
      Dr Ritz said that such "indirect" dark matter detections in far-flung parts of the cosmos could complement the kind of searches for never-before-seen particles that are going on at facilities such as the Large Hadron Collider.
      Wasn't this supposed to be just a fling, huh? Shouldn't it be flung by now?
      n[C] sb who belongs to the highest social class
      Aristocrats is a broad term that usually refers to people that a particular social order considers the highest social class of that society.
      But in the subcontinent, English is deemed as the language that makes everyone an aristocrat. Being able to speak fluent or broken English in public means that you are an educated, literate and important citizen.
      The 61-year-old French aristocrat and former director of the Pommery champagne house, has been in one since a paragliding accident left him a quadriplegic in 1993.
      Titus Alexander is an English aristocrat. Actually, he's a Duke.
      Yousoupov, a Russian aristocrat, was the man who orchestrated the tenuous murder of Rasputin and who himself only died in 1967.
      n[C]  the seventh planet from the Sun
      Uranus has the third-largest planetary radius and fourth-largest planetary mass in the Solar System.
      Uranus is similar in composition to Neptune, and both are of different chemical composition than the larger gas giants Jupiter and Saturn.
      Uranus's atmosphere, although similar to Jupiter's and Saturn's in its primary composition of hydrogen and helium, contains more "ices", such as water, ammonia, and methane, along with traces of other hydrocarbons.
      Uranus is the only planet whose name is derived from a figure from Greek mythology rather than Roman mythology, from the Latinized version of the Greek god of the sky, Ouranos.
      Like the other giant planets, Uranus has a ring system, a magnetosphere, and numerous moons.
      In 1986, images from Voyager 2 showed Uranus as an almost featureless planet in visible light, without the cloud bands or storms associated with the other giant planets.
      n[U] a state similar to sleep, or the act of producing this state
      Hypnosis is a state of human consciousness involving focused attention and reduced peripheral awareness characterized by an enhanced capacity for response to suggestion.
      Theories explaining what occurs during hypnosis fall into two groups.
      Altered state theories see hypnosis as an altered state of mind or trance, marked by a level of awareness different from the ordinary conscious state.
      In contrast, Non-state theories see hypnosis as a form of imaginative role-enactment.
      During hypnosis, a person is said to have heightened focus and concentration. The person can concentrate intensely on a specific thought or memory, while blocking out sources of distraction.
      Hypnosis is usually induced by a procedure known as a hypnotic induction involving a series of preliminary instructions and suggestions.
      Rachel watched Ross get hypnotized in Atlantic City.
      Come on, it's a hypnosis tape. This woman at work used it for two weeks straight and she hasn't smoked since.
      You do not need to smoke. Cigarettes don't control you. You are a strong, confident woman, who does not need to smoke. A strong, confident woman, who does not need to smoke.
      Joey's your best friend. You wanna make him a cheese sandwich everyday. Oh, oh, and you also wanna buy him a hundreds of dollars worth of pants.
      n[C] sb who tries to trick sb into giving them money ¶ a drug dealer, male prostitute, or pimp
      The street was full of hustlers, drug addicts and pimps.
      But I knew Jonah, he was simply a hustler. He was the early bird in CD duplication, heat transfer thirst, mobile battery replacements, long before the rest of us would say "that's where the money is."
      In his memoir, he paints a vivid picture of life as a hustler.
      This guy was a hustler and a pimp - he's no victim.
      Hustler is a monthly pornographic magazine published in the United States. Today, Hustler is still considered more explicit (and more self-consciously lowbrow) than such well-known competitors as Playboy and Penthouse.
      n[CU] words or actions intended to evoke contemptuous laughter ¶ a false, derisive, or impudent imitation of sth ¶ an object of amusement or laughter
      Romney underestimated Americans' genuine fears over global warming. Hurricane Sandy made a mockery of Romney's RNC speech that "Obama wants to heal the planet and stop rising sea levels."
      The law of free speech, to be anything other than a mockery of democracy, needs to take that imbalance of power into consideration.
      It makes a complete mockery of the idea of a referendum if the Federal Government can just override them with the courts.
      I began to suffer the mockery of the empty page and the blinking cursor.
      Shanzhai (Chinese: 山寨) refers to imitation and pirated brands and goods, particularly electronics in China.
      Literally "mountain village" or "mountain stronghold", the term refers to the mountain stockades of regional warlords or bandits, far away from official control.
      "Shanzhai" can also be stretched to refer to people who are lookalikes, low-quality or improved goods, as well as things done in parody.
      n[C] a sudden great increase in wealth, success, or luck
      It serves as a profitable and exploitative bonanza for all multinational corporations involved.
      World War I was a financial bonanza for the international bankers.
      Bonanza Creek is a watercourse in Yukon Territory, Canada.
      It runs for about 20 miles (32 km) from King Solomon's Dome to the Klondike River.
      In the last years of the 19th century and the early 20th century, Bonanza Creek was the center of the Klondike Gold Rush, which attracted tens of thousands of prospectors to the creek and the area surrounding it.
      Prior to 1896 the creek was known as Rabbit Creek. Its name was changed by miners in honor of the millions of dollars in gold found in and around the creek.
      Bonanza is an NBC television western series that ran from September 12, 1959, to January 16, 1973.
      Lasting 14 seasons and 430 episodes, it ranks as the second longest running western series (behind Gunsmoke), and within the top 10 longest running, live-action American series.
      adj unlucky
      Thinkers in this camp feel that Samsung is the hapless victim of Apple's formidable legal team.
      Of course this would be the same Dept, that in 2007 when an outbreak of equine influenza crossed the border, the hapless people trying to raise the alarm on a Saturday and obtain quarantines out in place were calling the Queensland Bio-security hotline only have an answering machine on the other end advising Office hours are 9-5 Mon - Fri.
      It houses 140 visually challenged and hearing impaired children and is also home and refuge to 80 children of war, some of the hapless and helpless victims of the violent human conflict.
      David Schwimmer starred as hapless lover Ross in the TV hit 'FRIENDS.'
      Compare hapless and mishap.
      adj not typical or usual
      Atypical Facial Pain (AFP, also termed atypical facial neuralgia, chronic idiopathic facial pain, or psychogenic facial pain), is a type of chronic facial pain which does not fulfill any other diagnosis.
      The atypical antipsychotics (AAP; also known as second generation antipsychotics (SGAs)) are a group of antipsychotic drugs .
      Atypical depression, or depression with atypical features as it has been known in the DSM, is depression that shares many of the typical symptoms of the psychiatric syndromes major depression or dysthymia but is characterized by improved mood in response to positive events.
      Atypical pneumonia, also known as walking pneumonia, is the type of pneumonia not caused by one of the more traditional pathogens.
      Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral respiratory disease of zoonotic origin caused by the SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV).
      The atypical tarantulas or purseweb spiders (family Atypidae) consist of only three genera.
      v[T] speed up
      Each agency generally processes requests in the order of receipt. Some agencies will expedite the processing of urgent requests.
      President Barack Obama plans to announce in Cushing, Oklahoma, on Thursday that his administration will expedite the permit for the southern half of the Keystone XL pipeline, a source familiar with the president's announcement told CNN.
      A friend at Twitter helped expedite the request to suspend the account, which stopped the tweeting.
      If you are sick, it helps to expedite the healing process.
      It's a loophole to expedite the IPO strategy and provides a viable alternative for private companies to become publicly traded companies without a lot of hassle.
      adj strong and deep in tone, resounding
      A resonant sound is deep, loud, and clear, and continues for a long time.
      Resonant materials increase any sound produced inside them.
      Frequencies at which the response amplitude is a relative maximum are known as the system's resonant frequencies, or resonance frequencies.
      At resonant frequencies, small periodic driving forces have the ability to produce large amplitude oscillations.
      He was a great orator whose deep, resonant voice and sweeping gestures added to the force of his words.
      President Obama's tactic, in relation to a larger theme that is generally resonant with voters, is to claim that his foreign policy redeems the US after eight years of the unique mixture of angst, anger, and ridicule George W. Bush inspired the world over.
      Compare echo and resonant.
      adj able to move quickly and easily, or to think quickly
      Cheetahs are surprisingly agile.
      Chimpanzees are very agile climbers.
      Rise of the Planet of the Apes is a 2011 American science fiction film.
      What else is important? Having an agile mind, the ability to look at the problem from different angles and most importantly: asking the right question.
      Agile software development is a group of software development methods in which requirements and solutions evolve through collaboration between self-organizing, cross-functional teams.
       It promotes adaptive planning, evolutionary development, early delivery, continuous improvement, and encourages rapid and flexible response to change.
      n[U] the process of making sth continue to exist ¶ a way of supporting yourself, for example by earning money ¶ food that people or animals need in order to live
      When her son died, she found sustenance in her religious beliefs.
      Access to potable water is the right of every citizen. It is the responsibility of government to protect that right and to deliver water for the sustenance of life.
      Food is a fundamental human necessity, essential to the sustenance of the human body.
      They can't afford to get laid off or sacked because they have forgotten what it is like to be a village man, live off the land or depend on the sea for sustenance.
      There's not much sustenance in a Coke.
      A stick of celery does not provide much sustenance.
      During the early colonial years in America, many people traveled on horseback and relied on corn for sustenance.
      Compare sustain and sustenance.
      n[CU] sb/sth that is very strange ¶ a strange quality in sb/sth
      In a class of 120 students there were four women including myself, and I still felt rather an oddity.
      He's something of an oddity in the neighbourhood.
      Another oddity is the "security code" they wanted during registration was the 4 digit code above the card number on the front of the card (and not the usual code on the back).
      We walk around the city. I feel like an oddity. People seem to stare with curiosity.
      Mr. Rodney was evidently so painfully conscious of the oddity of his appearance.
      "Space Oddity" is a song written and performed by David Bowie and released as a music single in 1969.
      v[T] replace
      Actual tin foil was superseded by cheaper and more durable aluminium foil after World War II.
      As for the shower capacity issue, I cite addendum J. When Sheldon showers second, any and all measures shall be taken to ensure an adequate supply of hot water. I believe this supersedes the occupancy issue.
      In 1995, the GATT was superseded by the WTO and other agreements were added under the same framework.
      This Agreement supersedes all prior agreements of the parties regarding the Services, and constitutes the whole agreement with respect to the Services.
      This document is the entire agreement between the Parties and supersedes all other agreements or arrangements.
      These Terms and Conditions supersede all previous representations, understandings or agreements, unless specifically agreed otherwise by both Parties, in writing.
      adj agile
      He was a jaguar, a cheetah, so nimble and quick, his legs pumping furiously, the breeze whipping at his clothes.
      Tedeschi's quick and nimble fingers dance on the keyboard.
      Stephanie's nimble fingers can also speed lightning fast over the frets of a guitar.
      Today virtually everyone agrees that early-stage startups should be nimble and open to change based on new findings.
      Employees will also need to be more nimble and keep their skills fresh.
      Compare nibble, nimble, and nipple.
      n[C] an object in space that is similar to a star and that shines very brightly
      Quasars or quasi-stellar radio sources are the most energetic and distant members of a class of objects called active galactic nuclei (AGN).
      Quasars are extremely luminous and were first identified as being high redshift sources of electromagnetic energy, including radio waves and visible light, that appeared to be similar to stars, rather than extended sources similar to galaxies.
      While the nature of these objects was controversial until the early 1980s, there is now a scientific consensus that a quasar is a compact region in the center of a massive galaxy surrounding a central supermassive black hole.
      The energy emitted by a quasar derives from mass falling onto the accretion disc around the black hole.
      Quasar is the name of several fictional superheroes in the Marvel Comics universe.
      adj capricious, erratic, or unpredictable ¶ wanting to have one's own way regardless of the wishes or good of others
      It took more than 25 minutes before Farrell opened the scoring after a wayward pass by skipper Sergio Parisse put the Italians under pressure in their own territory.
      "The Wayward Wind" is a country song written by Stanley Lebowsky and Herb Newman.
      I was a wandering sheep, I did not love the fold; I did not love my Shepherd's voice, I would not be controlled. I was a wayward child, I did not love my home; I did not love my Father's voice, I loved afar to roam.
      In the new film, John McClane finds himself on foreign soil after traveling to Moscow to help his wayward son Jack - unaware that Jack is really a highly-trained CIA operative out to stop a nuclear weapons heist.
      If Greece has behaved like a wayward child, its parents, (the EU), have a responsibility too.
      adj hard-working, marked by persevering, painstaking effort
      This means that you need to be quite organised, and, more to the point, you need to be diligent in keeping up with the material covered in your courses.
      To address this problem you simply need to be diligent in ensuring that you have correctly mapped all host names you wish to have directed at a site.
      You may be thinking dog bloat is something that will never occur with your dog but statistics clearly show that bloat is the second leading cause of dog deaths and is second only to cancer!
      There are many symptoms that may appear with bloat, so you will have to be diligent in observing you dog.
      I needed to borrow two books from the school library. As any diligent student, I was there at the opening of the library at 8:00 a.m.
      You may be the most determined, diligent student, but that is not a guarantee that you will indeed get to the required speeds the job requires.
      n[C] a sign of what will happen in the future
      I got a flat tire, my first of the year. Not a good omen, I feared.
      The appearance of the red aurora in medieval times was feared as a bad omen or a sign of God's anger.
      She shivered. It couldn't be an omen, could it?
      Australia fell 4.6% in October, the seventh straight month of decline and an ill omen for hiring.
      The death's-head hawkmoth casts an ominous image with its skull-shaped markings, yellow stripes and cloak-like wings. For centuries it has been portrayed as an evil omen.
      The Hindenburg Omen is a technical analysis pattern that is said to portend a stock market crash.
      It is named after the Hindenburg disaster of May 6, 1937, in which the Zeppelin airship Hindenburg crashed and burned.
      n[CU] a sweet drink
      adj friendly but quite polite and formal, not hostile
      A liqueur is an alcoholic beverage made from a distilled spirit that has been flavored with fruit, cream, herbs, spices, flowers or nuts and bottled with added sugar or other sweetener (such as high-fructose corn syrup).
      In the United States and Canada, where spirits are often called "liquor" (pronounced with stress on the first rather than the second syllable), there is often confusion over liqueurs and liquors, especially as many spirits today are available in flavored form (e.g. flavored vodka).
      In parts of the United States, liqueurs may also be called cordials or schnapps, while in large parts of the British Commonwealth, cordial means a concentrated non-alcoholic fruit syrup that is diluted to taste and consumed as a non-carbonated soft drink, and in Germany and Scandinavia, schnapps means a form of brandy or aquavit.
      Squash (also called cordial) is a non-alcoholic concentrated syrup that is usually fruit-flavoured and usually made from fruit juice, water, and sugar or a sugar substitute.
      A cordial is a type of confection in which a fruit filling is placed within a chocolate shell.
      It is learnt that the meeting was held in a cordial atmosphere.
      The atmosphere is cordial, relaxed.
      Their relationship is cordial and I dare say, sprinkled with liberal helpings of affection.