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      me`rid`i`an
      mə'ridiən
      n[C] an imaginary line from the North Pole to the South Pole
      -
      A meridian (or line of longitude) is the half of an imaginary great circle on the Earth's surface, terminated by the North Pole and the South Pole, connecting points of equal longitude.
      Each meridian is perpendicular to all circles of latitude. Each is also the same length, being half of a great circle on the Earth's surface and therefore measuring 20,003.93 km (12,429.9 miles).
      The meridian through Greenwich (inside Greenwich Park), England, also called the Prime Meridian, was set at zero degrees of longitude, while other meridians were defined by the angle at the center of the earth between where it and the prime meridian cross the equator.
      The term "meridian" comes from the Latin meridies, meaning "midday"; the sun crosses a given meridian midway between the times of sunrise and sunset on that meridian.
      The magnetic meridian is an equivalent imaginary line connecting the magnetic south and north poles and can be taken as the horizontal component of magnetic force lines along the surface of the earth.
      In astronomy, a meridian is the great circle passing through the celestial poles, the zenith, and the nadir of a particular location.
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      car`ni`vore
      'ka:nivɔ:
      n[C] an animal that eats flesh
      -
      A carnivore meaning 'meat eater' (Latin, caro meaning 'meat' or 'flesh' and vorare meaning 'to devour') is an organism that derives its energy and nutrient requirements from a diet consisting mainly or exclusively of animal tissue, whether through predation or scavenging.
      Animals that depend solely on animal flesh for their nutrient requirements are called obligate carnivores while those that also consume non-animal food are called facultative carnivores.
      Omnivores also consume both animal and non-animal food, and apart from the more general definition, there is no clearly defined ratio of plant to animal material that would distinguish a facultative carnivore from an omnivore.
      A carnivore that sits at the top of the foodchain is termed an apex predator.
      Plants that capture and digest insects (and, at times, other small animals) are called carnivorous plants. Similarly, fungi that capture microscopic animals are often called carnivorous fungi.
      The word "carnivore" sometimes refers to the mammalian order Carnivora, but this is somewhat misleading.
      While many Carnivora meet the definition of being meat eaters, not all do, and even fewer are true obligate carnivores.
      For example, most species of bears are actually omnivorous, except for the giant panda, which is almost exclusively herbivorous, and the exclusively meat-eating polar bear, which lives in the Arctic, where few plants grow.
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      har`mo`nize
      'ha:mənaiz
      v[IT] play or sing music that combines with the main tune to make a pleasing sound ¶ be suitable together ¶ make different people, plans, situations, etc suitable for each other
      -
      I'm going to take lead on this. Ray, listen to the bass and see if you can handle it. Gary, I want you on keyboards. I put the sheet for it back there. Danny, you harmonize with me.
      We are making further enhancements to harmonize the two programs.
      Every effort has been made to harmonize with other countries which have developed similar food labelling laws.
      The goal is not to make a fruity alcohol drink, but to harmonize the intrinsic qualities of a complex beer with those of the cherries.
      The Harmonized Sales Tax (HST) is a consumption tax in Canada. It is used in provinces where both the federal Goods and Services Tax (GST) and the regional Provincial Sales Tax (PST) have been combined into a single value added sales tax.
      The Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, also known as the Harmonized System (HS) of tariff nomenclature is an internationally standardized system of names and numbers to classify traded products.
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      pro`pri`e`ty
      prə'praiəti
      n[U] the quality of being socially or morally acceptable
      n[pl] details of the rules of correct behavior
      -
      And don't forget that the Court this term is already considering the propriety of racial preferences in UT-Austin's admissions program.
      Did you ever question the propriety of the FBI's disseminating that type of information?
      "You look beautiful," the man said, his gaze tracing a path from her eyes, to her lips, to her bare shoulders, and below. Belatedly realizing how terribly inadequate the water was in protecting her modesty, Maria crossed her arms over her chest to regain some sense of propriety.
      From this time Mr. Barrington seems to have conducted himself with propriety.
      He seemed familiar with the proprieties of social life, yet modest and unassuming, and sober in his language and opinions.
      Compare proper, proprietary, propriety and protocol.
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      fore`sight
      'fɔ:sait
      n[U] the ability to see what is likely to happen in the future and to take appropriate action
      -
      Unfortunately, you or your parents need to have the foresight to sign up years before you need it.
      We were thankful for the foresight of the builders of the hut.
      Thanks to government cost cutting and lack of foresight , the prison that stood on Queen Street in downtown Brisbane during the 1850s was one of the very worst prisons in the history of Queensland.
      Because of my efforts and foresight, the robbers only got a small amount of cash.
      Compare hindsight, foresight, and forethought.
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      det`ri`ment
      'detrimənt
      n[U] harm or damage
      -
      Most of them are nutcases and a detriment to the country.
      It will prove to the advantage of the few and the detriment of the people.
      I want to make sure I am good enough to go out there and contribute. Otherwise I would only be a detriment to myself and my team.
      To the detriment of consumers, however, Microsoft has done much more than develop innovative browsing software of commendable quality and offer it bundled with Windows at no additional charge.
      As has been shown, Microsoft also engaged in a concerted series of actions designed to protect the applications barrier to entry, and hence its monopoly power, from a variety of middleware threats, including Netscape's Web browser and Sun's implementation of Java.
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      an`ar`chist
      'ænəkist
      n[C] sb who advocates the abolition of government and a social system based on voluntary cooperation ¶ sb who causes disorder or upheaval
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      Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates stateless societies often defined as self-governed voluntary institutions, but that several authors have defined as more specific institutions based on non-hierarchical free associations.
      Anarchism holds the state to be undesirable, unnecessary, or harmful.
      While anti-statism is central, anarchism entails opposing authority or hierarchical organisation in the conduct of human relations, including, but not limited to, the state system.
      Proudhon was the primary proponent of anarchist mutualism, and influenced many later individualist anarchist and social anarchist thinkers.
      Pierre-Joseph Proudhon was a French politician and the founder of mutualist philosophy.
      He was the first person to declare himself an anarchist and is widely regarded as one of the ideology's most influential theorists.
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      im`pu`ni`ty
      im'pju:niti
      n[U] exemption from punishment or loss or escape from fines
      -
      In the international law of human rights, impunity refers to the failure to bring perpetrators of human rights violations to justice and, as such, itself constitutes a denial of the victims' right to justice and redress.
      Impunity is especially common in countries that lack a tradition of the rule of law, suffer from corruption or that have entrenched systems of patronage, or where the judiciary is weak or members of the security forces are protected by special jurisdictions or immunities.
      There is a culture of impunity and no history of any investigations or justice delivered to hundreds of thousands of crimes committed against Tamils.
      Failing this basic task will merely encourage other states engaged in a "war on terror", from America to Israel and Yemen to Afghanistan, to act with impunity against civilians.
      Unfortunately, successive governments in Bangladesh have failed to address the widespread climate of impunity in attacks against journalists.
      The only thing that is certain here is that a culture of corruption and impunity means that nothing will change. Oil companies and officials and security forces and former rebels all rake in the cash.
      Diplomatic immunity is a form of legal immunity that ensures diplomats are given safe passage and are considered not susceptible to lawsuit or prosecution under the host country's laws, although they can still be expelled.
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      de`ceit
      di'si:t
      n[UC] dishonest behavior that is intended to trick sb, deception
      -
      The story is about theft, fraud and deceit on an incredible scale.
      They've engaged in a multimillion-dollar ad campaign full of lies and deceit.
      It's a 1984 film about misunderstandings, deceit and extramarital affairs.
      Circle of Deceit is a 1998 ABC-TV movie starring Janine Turner, Esai Morales and Joanna Cassidy.
      In a time of universal deceit, telling the truth is a revolutionary act.
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      sa`line
      'seili:n
      adj containing or consisting of salt
      n[U] solution of salt and water
      -
      Ross got home and saw Julie's saline solution on his night table.
      In medicine, saline (also saline solution) is a general phrase referring to a sterile solution of sodium chloride (NaCl, more commonly known as table salt) in water, but is only sterile when it is to be placed parenterally (such as intravenously); otherwise, a saline solution is a salt water solution.
      The sterile solution is typically used for intravenous infusion, rinsing contact lenses, nasal irrigation, and cleaning a new piercing.
      Saline solutions are available in various formulations for different purposes.
      Salines are also used in cell biology, molecular biology, and biochemistry experiments.
      Normal saline (NSS, NS or N/S) is the commonly used phrase for a solution of 0.90% w/v of NaCl, about 300 mOsm/L or 9.0 g per liter.
      Less commonly, this solution is referred to as physiological saline or isotonic saline, neither of which is technically accurate.
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      em`phat`ic
      im'fætik
      adj expressed or performed with emphasis ¶ with a very clear result that no one can argue about
      -
      I did. I told her. I texted her. I sent out a very emphatic Twitter. I even changed my Facebook status to "Sheldon Cooper wishes Penny would leave him alone." I don't know what else to do.
      "No way" is an emphatic way of saying "no".
      "You betcha" is used to say "yes" in an emphatic way.
      Arsenal paid for their profligacy, as Brazilian defender Alex unleashed a freekick in the dying moments to hand the Blues 3 points. # Arsenal came out of their traps, to secure an emphatic win over Chelsea.
      This is an emphatic rejection of David Cameron's health bill and a clear warning to the coalition that any last-minute, self-serving deals will not be acceptable.
      Following Juventus' emphatic 3-0 victory over European champions Chelsea in the Champions League, Pirlo is now looking forward to his team's clash with his former side, AC Milan, this Sunday in the Serie A.
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      in`ept
      i'nept
      adj ≠capable ≠skilful
      -
      Obama is inept, inexperienced, arrogant and above all a liar.
      Obama's actions as president have been at best inept, at worst treasonous.
      I see it an another inept ploy by an inept Government to curry favour with the voting public.
      In 1952-53 Labor benefited from the government's inept handling of inflation.
      They must speak out against corruption, crimes, inept leadership, and lopsided distribution of national wealth.
      Of course, this is only a small example of inept management in Mexico, but it's sadly representative.
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      wob`bly
      'wɔbli
      adj shaky
      -
      If something or someone wobbles, they make small movements from side to side, for example because they are unsteady.
      "Bugger," Arthur said, feeling his knees get a bit wobbly.
      The simple puzzle game puts you in the hachimaki of a sticky, wobbly, tofu ninja. You pull him in a direction, then release, and he sails through the air until he hits something.
      A hachimaki (鉢巻, "helmet-scarf") is a stylized headband (bandana) in Japanese culture.
      The beauty of the place calls and I head out for a 10-kilometre run on wobbly legs.
      He climbed up and down the long flights of stairs at each station on wobbly legs.
      The towel rail is wobbly and loose.
      They got off to a wobbly (not very good or not likely to be successful) start but gathered momentum as they performed.
      If someone throw a wobbly, they become extremely angry and upset.
      Miss Flanagan, 22, appeared to throw a wobbly, saying: "If they're going to keep doing this to me every single day I want to go home."
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      de`tract
      di'trækt
      v[I] make sth seem less good
      -
      There are, however, one or two points at which I should be inclined to portray matters differently from Barry. Before presenting these, however, I should emphasize that these do not detract from my admiration of Barry's essay.
      This does nothing to detract from your overall point; rather, it's a complexity that I have always thought worth mining.
      All that shiny new construction can't detract from the harsh reality of repression and grinding poverty in Equatorial Guinea under his rule.
      This reflex is understandable but it detracts from the book's overall credibility.
      It's a really bad feature as it detracts from the quality of the phone.
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      ep`i`cen`ter
      'episentə
      n[C] the area of land directly over the center of an earthquake
      -
      The epicenter, epicentre or epicentrum is the point on the Earth's surface that is directly above the hypocenter or focus, the point where an earthquake or underground explosion originates.
      In the case of earthquakes, the epicenter is directly above the point where the fault begins to rupture, and in most cases, it is the area of greatest damage.
      However, in larger events, the length of the fault rupture is much longer, and damage can be spread across the rupture zone.
      For example, in the magnitude 7.9, 2002 Denali earthquake in Alaska, the epicenter was at the western end of the rupture, but the greatest damage occurred about 330 km away at the eastern end of the rupture zone.
      During an earthquake seismic waves propagate spherically out from the hypocenter.
      Seismic shadowing occurs on the opposite side of the Earth from the earthquake epicenter because the liquid outer core refracts the longitudinal or compressional (P-waves) while it absorbs the transverse or shear waves (S-waves).
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      tram
      træm
      n[C] streetcar
      -
      A tram (also known as tramcar; and in North America known as streetcar, trolley or trolley car), is a rail vehicle which runs on tracks along public urban streets (called street running), and also sometimes on separate rights of way.
      The lines or networks operated by tramcars are called tramways.
      Tram lines may also run between cities and/or towns (for example, interurbans, tram-train), and/or partially grade-separated even in the cities (light rail).
      Very occasionally, trams also carry freight.
      Tram vehicles are usually lighter and shorter than conventional trains and rapid transit trains, but the size of trams (particularly light rail vehicles) is rapidly increasing.
      Some trams (for instance tram-trains) may also run on ordinary railway tracks, a tramway may be upgraded to a light rail or a rapid transit line, two urban tramways may be connected to an interurban, etc.
      For all these reasons, the differences between the various modes of rail transportation are often indistinct.
      A San Francisco cable car: a cable pulled system, still operating as of 2015.
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      rec`ti`fy
      'rektifai
      v[T] put right
      -
      If you rectify something that is wrong, you change it so that it becomes correct or satisfactory.
      The cashier blushed, mumbled some vague reply and then went along to make a complete hash of the transaction, punching the wrong keys and making more mistakes as she tried to rectify the mess.
      It is disappointing that it has taken our great state so long to rectify this shameful inequity.
      It's a glitch and I'm trying to rectify it now.
      The circuit that is commonly used has a diode that rectifies the signal, only allowing the one half of the alternating radio frequency waveform through.
      Where there is injustice in the world, this will be rectified. Where there is sin, sickness, disease and the devil, these will be eradicated.
      Rectified spirit, also known as neutral spirits, rectified alcohol, or ethyl alcohol of agricultural origin is highly concentrated ethanol which has been purified by means of repeated distillation, a process that is called rectification.
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      de`plore
      di'plɔ:
      v[T] feel or express strong disapproval of, condemn
      -
      As a former journalist I deplore the massive drop in standrds of journalism in this country.
      We have no language to deplore the verdict of the lower court; this verdict of the court we regard is a judicial murder.
      Reaffirms that the Fourth Geneva Convention "is applicable to the Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem", and "Strongly deplores the opening of fire by the Israeli army resulting in the death and the wounding of defenceless students".
      He deplored the religious bigotry which had obstructed education.
      Compare denounce and deplore.
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      pro`di`gious
      prə'didʒəs
      adj very large or great in a surprising or impressive way
      -
      The 18-year-old from Cardiff is a prodigious talent.
      I watch truly a prodigious amount of cooking programs.
      A breeding jellyfish can spit out unfertilized eggs at a prodigious rate: one female sea nettle may spew as many as 45,000 per day.
      Unless one has a prodigious memory or is a skilled orator, it is safer to have a written, large-type transcript of the speech for reference.
      There are a prodigious number of apps.
      Compare prestigious and prodigious.
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      fore`stall
      fɔ:'stɔ:l
      v[T] act before sb else so as to prevent them from doing sth
      -
      Interest rates were raised early in this episode to forestall the inflationary pressures.
      Sean put his hand up to forestall any more questions.
      To forestall future occurrences of the disaster, two dams would be built.
      President offered the Petersons approximately $250,000 cash, in addition to lending them money to forestall a bank foreclosure on their house.
      It might have forestalled the rise of Nazism.
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      sta`tion`e`ry
      'steiʃənəri
      n[U] commercially manufactured writing materials
      -
      Stationery is commercially manufactured writing materials, including cut paper, envelopes, writing implements and other office supplies.
      Originally the term stationery referred to all products sold by a stationer, whose name indicates that his book shop was on a fixed spot, usually near a university, and permanent.
      The usage and marketing of stationery is a niche industry that is increasingly threatened by electronic media.
      The 7th day of Hanukkah gifts can include Hanukkah puzzles, scrapbooks, greeting cards, bingo games, Hanukkah stationery and wallpapers.
      The next day Miriam and I went to Kendall's stationery store and bought my mother a fancy card with raised gold writing and a picture.
      Post-it is a piece of paper stationery with a re-adherable strip of adhesive on the back.
      OfficeMax is an American office supplies retailer founded in 1988. It is a subsidiary of Office Depot, Inc.
      Compare stationary and stationery.
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      en`thrall
      in'θrɔ:l
      v[T] make sb completely interested
      -
      You will be constantly thrilled and your mind will be enthralled by the vast amount of knowledge you will soon pick up as you continue on your Noosa adventure.
      But in spite of the quality problems, McCahill was enthralled by the Jaguar and called it the finest high-speed touring car in the world.
      It was not until Princess Margaret and Anthony Armstrong-Jones wed at Westminster Abbey on May 6, 1960 that the first royal wedding was televised.
      Having the opportunity to view a moment that played a part in shaping England's future, 20 million people were enthralled by the elegance and pomp of this occasion.
      I was so enthralled by this book that I couldn't put it down.
      It's an enthralling story based on the famous novel by Jules Verne.
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      fer`vent
      'fə:vənt
      adj very enthusiastic and sincere
      -
      Didn't a great man once say, "Science demands nothing less than the fervent and unconditional dedication of our entire lives"?
      He raised Lazarus from the dead through a fervent prayer to the Father.
      It is my fervent hope that we can harness some of that unity and some of that pride to confront the many challenges that we still face.
      It is a fervent wish that every cup may overflow with blessings rich and eternal, and that every path may lead to peace.
      With the most fervent desire to aid the revolution in Spain, our comrades outside of it were neither numerically nor materially strong enough to turn the tide.
      While the southern Yemenis were once among the most fervent supporters of reunification, they have since become disillusioned.
      Compare apathetic, ardent, devoted, enthusiastic, impassioned, intense, passionate, sincere, and zealous.
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      se`date
      si'deit
      adj unhurried
      v[T] give sb drugs to make them calm or to make them sleep
      -
      If you describe someone or something as sedate, you mean that they are quiet and rather dignified, though perhaps a bit dull.
      Women of a lascivious disposition grow more sedate and virtuous after they have borne several children.
      For his age he was exceptionally sedate and serious. When he was six years old, he received his first instruction, and at the age of 8 he was sent to a public school.
      Sunday morning began at a more sedate pace but soon picked up as the seminars began. With a total of nine different seminars before lunch, it was another busy day.
      If you move along at a sedate pace, you move slowly, in a controlled way.
      I immediately called you to sedate him so he presented no threat.
      Police reportedly believe that Maddie's mom, Kate, and dad, Gerry - both doctors - gave a her a drug to sedate her inside a rented villa while they went out to party with friends on the night she vanished.
      Compare sedate and subdue.
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      en`gross
      in'grəus
      v[T] occupy exclusively, absorb
      -
      If something engrosses you, it interests you so much that you do not notice anything else.
      Forbes Winslow became engrossed in the Whitechapel murders.
      In a previous chat with Access Hollywood, the actor revealed that the girls on the set of 'Star Trek' had been engrossed in the book, which caught his attention.
      The Mums get so deeply engrossed in their conversations on the park bench that they are completely oblivious to the fact that their little Johnny is running amok and terrorising other kids!
      We have become more engrossed with the idea of winning and when this happens, participation goes out the window.
      Simply observing someone engrossed in a television program will demonstrate this altered state of mind.
      Compare engross, enthrall, and preoccupy.
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