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      adj blocked with blood or another liquid ¶ full of traffic
      My nose is so congested that I can't taste anything.
      I'm still congested and still have a hoarse voice.
      The road traffic to the airport was heavily congested.
      Car pooling, commuting or traveling congested areas even several times a week is enough to cause aging.
      They use cars less often, have less congested roads and benefit from less greenhouse emissions and air pollutants.
      Now he is living in a stuffy and congested city shut in by four walls like the wild duck, away from the natural life.
      adj holding tightly onto sth, or keeping an opinion in a determined way
      Production requires the type of people who are tenacious and focused.
      It works if people are persistent, if people are tenacious and if people believe the system can work.
      His determination for what was right, morally, inspired us to keep going. He was tenacious and just wouldn't stop.
      The bureaucracy is extraordinarily tenacious in clinging to its positions.
      Men and women need to be industrious and tenacious of purpose not only so as to be able to house, clothe and feed themselves, but also to pursue human ends having to do with love and friendship.
      adj able or willing to change in order to to deal with new situations
      Steel made it possible to build stronger, stiffer, and more-durable bodies and chassis. More importantly, stamping and welding steel was adaptable to mass production and the assembly line. So, steel cars could be made in greater volumes and at lower cost.
      She's adaptable and she can enjoy a wide range of people and she can recover from all kinds of tragedy.
      I have the ability to be flexible and adaptable in order to meet changing conditions or situations.
      We need systems that are flexible and adaptable for various purposes.
      Our ideal candidate is lively, creative, curious and adaptable with first-rate verbal and written communication.
      v[T] defeat sb/sth completely
      Napoleon was vanquished at the battle of Waterloo in 1815.
      For the first time, a major disease has been completely vanquished.
      In victory, Mr Obama tried to sound magnanimous, but even as he waxed lyrical about a new vision for an inclusive polity, he rammed the defeat down the throats of the vanquished.
      Such a will and such a spirit can not be vanquished by any earthly misfortune.
      When the enemy is vanquished, conflicts usually arise among the former allies.
      adj (nose) blocked so that breathing is difficult ¶ (room etc) not having much fresh air ¶ old-fashioned, formal and boring
      Our mattress and pillows may be contributing to our itchy eyes and stuffy nose.
      It can help combat asthma and hay fever. No-one ever gets a stuffy nose during lovemaking.
      In a stuffy room behind the boarded-up shop, two men and a woman leaned over a table of native eucalyptus wood.
      All three were dressed in drab garb, without ornament. Each wore a dagger at the waist.
      There was little to distinguish their genders save the woman's long, stringy hair and the meager, pointed breasts that poked sharply through her coarse shirt.
      Tom worked in a stuffy office with very little ventilation.
      Stuffy air indoors can play havoc with energy levels.
      I chuckle every time I see the scene where she persuades the very stuffy old Lord Chancellor to allow her to feature live nudes at the Windmill.
      First of all, bravo. Uh, but I really don't think you're right for this. The part calls for a stuffy college professor.
      I can do that! (in a deeper voice) Hello, I'm your professor. When I'm not busy thinking of important things or... professing. I like to use... Oh, what's the product?
      Compare stale and stuffy.
      adj dark, dirty, and in bad condition
      I notice some reviewers saying this motel is dingy, but I disagree.
      A small open veranda leads to two small, dingy and damp rooms, with no access to sunlight, and hardly any ventilation.
      They were kept in a dark and dingy room and tortured regularly.
      Both of us were shocked - here was a movie star - worth millions, sitting in a dingy apartment in Cape Town buying drugs from a total stranger. I was horrified that a Hollywood star like Colin had sunk so low.
      Dingy dingy rubber dinghy, how I wonder where you are.
      "How do Monica and Phoebe know?" "Oh, I called them. And when they ask me what I saw, I can be very generous or very stingy."
      n[C] a transportation route connecting one location to another
      Highways, roads, and trails are examples of thoroughfares used by a variety of traffic.
      On land a thoroughfare may refer to anything from a rough trail to a multi-lane highway with grade separated junctions; on water a thoroughfare may refer to a strait, channel or waterway.
      The term may also refer to the legal right to use a particular way as distinct from the way itself.
      Granville Street is a main thoroughfare through Vancouver and there are two very distinct shopping areas to visit.
      This major thoroughfare gets very busy during rush hours.
      In front of St. Joes Catholic School is a busy thoroughfare and it too has a crosswalk crossing light and a 3-way stop.
      This is the main shopping thoroughfare, a pedestrian street where most stores are open from 9am to 10pm.
      From there I found a hostel close to the main square, at the entrance to La Rambla, a main pedestrian thoroughfare (called the spine of the city by many locals).
      Situated close to busy downtown thoroughfares, McDonald's make its profits on high volume and quick turnover.
      adj angry and surprised because you feel insulted or unfairly treated
      "You made me sound stupid," she said. I was really indignant. I had faithfully written what she had said to me word for word.
      James and John request to be granted privileged positions of authority in the Kingdom, one sitting at the right of Jesus and the other at the left. The other disciples are indignant at their audacity.
      I wanted to be Scotch, and then I asked my grandmother, and she was very indignant about it. She said, "Thank goodness that you're not!"
      She said she "took ballet until she was 19 and was indignant that she was not considered for the movie Black Swan".
      Communities all over the country are indignant over the escalating threat to their land and lives. They are indignant over the deaths of their leaders and supporters who have fought for their cause.
      adj seeming lonely and unhappy ¶ (places) not cared for and with no people in it ¶ unlikely to succeed, come true, etc
      Torres has barely featured from the bench in recent games, including the 2-1 win over Manchester City on Monday night, where he cut a dejected, forlorn figure while the rest of the substitutes and staff celebrated a significant victory.
      As a cadet he used to lead a very forlorn and solitary life and suffered periodically from melancholia.
      Rise Hall stood empty and forlorn, its once imperious Ionic columns crumbling, its slate roof under threat of collapse.
      The problem is particularly bad in towns within a couple of hours commuting distance from Dublin. There you find forlorn, empty estates of houses in what was farmland around these towns.
      A forlorn hope, attempt, or struggle etc is not going to be successful.
      The French attack began in the early morning of Monday 19th September 1356 with a mounted charge by a forlorn hope of 300 German knights commanded by two Marshals of France.
      v[IT] organize workers to become members of a union
      In many jurisdictions, an employer can not simply fire unionized workers who go out on strike.
      The solidarity exhibited by these workers sets an excellent example for all unionized workers in Canada.
      In 2010, when only 11.9 percent of the nation's workers were unionized, the fraction earned by the middle class had fallen to 46.5 percent.
      Union density in the state is less than half the level of 1964, when one in three workers was unionized.
      About 30,000 workers, both unionized and non-unionized, left their jobs.
      n[UC] a combination of musical notes that sound harsh together ¶ disagreement between people
      This means avoiding language that causes enmity and discord.
      There will be disharmony, rupture and discord.
      Flynn was drawn to and deeply affected by the troubles in Northern Ireland. As an advocate for human rights and peace, the son of two Irish immigrants couldn't ignore the violence and discord.
      This is just Leonard trying to take the focus off that dreadful table by sowing discord in our relationship. He's manipulating you like he always does.
      Compare accord, concord, discord, and harmony.
      v[T] shorten
      Our name isn't abbreviated to "NND", it is always Nurse Next Door.
      Note: In this box, "hygiene, sanitation, and water" is abbreviated to "HSW."
      The President of the United States (sometimes abbreviated as POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States.
      Indeed, in some of these cases, the abbreviated form of the name is far more familiar than the full name.
      Here's an abbreviated version of the demo main loop edited to keep only the flow of logic.
      If there is an edition it appears after the title, abbreviated , in parentheses, and followed by a period, for example (3rd ed.).
      Compare abridge, abbreviate, and acronym.
      adj not true/real
      "You went to Japan, made up a woman." "What?" "I'm just saying, this woman, I mean she's fictitious."
      She logged on to her boss's computer, created a Swiss bank account under a fictitious name and arranged for her victims' assets to be transferred to her account by wire.
      Persons and events in this motion picture are fictitious.
      Then Ross concocted a biography for a fictitious character he named "Vicrum, a kite desinger".
      Pacific Carriers combines authentic Second World War settings and a fictitious story that will lead the player through the Arcade-Flight-Action.
      v[IT] make sth clear, explain, clarify
      No politician can elucidate the fiscal problems of this country better than Ryan.
      Our study will help to elucidate the specific academic, psychological, and social needs of these students.
      Dr. Joslin elucidates the reasons why pregnant women who develop gestational diabetes, or diabetic women who become pregnant, should be allowed to carry their babies to term.
      Every athlete has a best racing weight which should be elucidated by trial and error.
      He was assassinated in a public meeting. Who ordered his death has never been elucidated.
      adj short, strong and solid in appearance
      The guy was mid-forties, short, stocky, and sported a dark crew cut and a thick mustache.
      The FBI agents were both white, but one was stocky and the other thin.
      The other guy, the stocky blond, looked suspicious.
      Physically Beethoven was of no more than average height, but his stocky frame conveyed a sense of great muscular strength
      The original Hebrews were of typically Turkic build, i.e., with tawny complexion, of medial height and stocky build.
      Compare burly, stocky, stout, and sturdy.
      n[pl] the customs, social behavior, and moral values of a particular group
      Mores is a term introduced into English by William Graham Sumner, an early U.S. sociologist, to refer to norms that are more widely observed and have greater moral significance than others.
      Mores include an aversion for societal taboos, such as incest.
      Consequently, the values and mores of a society predicates legislation prohibiting their taboos.
      In short, mores "distinguish the difference between right and wrong, while folkways draw a line between right and rude".
      With broken and unethical global social mores, this is considered standard business practice: to deceive customers, while gaining enormous profits.
      n[U] the basic, central, or critical point or feature
      Make your move. Remember, timing is everything. This step is the crux of the whole deal; one false move, and you're done.
      I'm picking out this line because it's the crux of the problem.
      The real crux of the issue is that we shouldn't have to fight for what is our right!
      It is these tax rises that form the main crux of this article.
      That's the whole crux of any kind of advertising - not how much you pay for the ad, but how much you make once the dust has settled.
      Crux, located in the deep southern sky, is the smallest yet one of the most distinctive of the 88 modern constellations.
      A crux in climbing, mountaineering and high mountain touring is the most difficult section of a route, or the place where the greatest danger exists.
      n[UC] a violent or aggressive act towards sb because of sth bad that they have done towards you
      Anyone can say anything they want anonymously, without fear of reprisal.
      Politicians who favour Obama avoided showing their support in public for fear of reprisals.
      On September 24-25, 1940, the Vichy-controlled French Air Force attacked British military installations at Gibraltar dropping 600 tons of bombs on the fortress but caused minimal damage. This was in reprisal for the British naval attack on French warships at Mers-el-Kabir on July 3, 1940, and for the attempted occupation of Dakar on September 23rd.
      The scientists, of course, withheld their identities for fear of reprisals from the companies.
      Nigeria's central north Kaduna state government on Sunday called for calm and urged the people to ignore rumors of reprisal attacks for the church bombing earlier in the day.
      n[C] a form of salary
      A stipend is a form of salary, such as for an internship or apprenticeship.
      It is often distinct from a wage or a salary because it does not necessarily represent payment for work performed; instead it represents a payment that enables somebody to be exempt partly or wholly from waged or salaried employment in order to undertake a role that is normally unpaid (e.g. a magistrate in England) or voluntary, or which cannot be measured in terms of a task (e.g. members of the clergy).
      Stipends may be used by non-profits or organizations working with oppressed, or other less-represented groups of people such as youth.
      These organizations may stipend youth at a higher rate than local minimum wage rates, or living wage, to empower them to enter the workforce.
      This type of stipend normally lasts for less than a year.
      In some Catholic jurisdictions and parishes, a Mass Stipend is a payment made by members of the church, which is generally nominal, to a priest for saying a Mass, although as it is considered simony to demand payment for a sacrament, stipends are seen as gifts.
      v[T] destroy completely
      When the Nazis launched their plan to annihilate the remaining Jews in Poland in the fall of 1943, they called it "Erntefest," or Harvest Festival.
      The company is appealing, but if the appeal fails, it will be annihilated.
      I decided to annihilate all the King's enemies. I enlisted straight away.
      Just one of these nuclear bombs could annihilate a city the size of New York.
      "We were annihilated by our own incompetence and the inability of some people to follow the chain of command." "Sheldon, let it go!"
      adj brave, courageous, fearless
      Thanks yet again to our intrepid reporter, Marie O'Connor, see her report below.
      Now the intrepid traveller, too, can scramble up above the rainforest canopy to be put into prime viewing position for a visual feast of tropical avian activity.
      Dorothy, a plucky female journalist, falls for Philip, a tough, intrepid, hard-drinking spy masquerading as a war correspondent.
      When I was a kid, we learned in school that Christopher Columbus was an intrepid explorer and gallant captain who stumbled upon amazing new lands and exotic new people, and he opened up a new world that the European powers soon would civilize and make their own, and that's why our great nation is here today.
      The Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum is a military and maritime history museum with a collection of museum ships in New York City.
      Duckworth was fitted for prosthetics and is now fully mobile. She helped establish the "Intrepid Foundation" and is involved in its fundraising to build a rehabilitation center for other injured veterans.
      adj quick and skillful
      Mbark Boussoufa played the ball into Traore, who produced a deft touch to flick the ball over the head of Reds' defender Coates.
      Simon Godwin directs this thriller with a deft hand.
      Morgan Stanley presumably thinks its cause will be bolstered by having such a deft and sinuous operator on board.
      Abdelhak Nouri was fed a through ball in the penalty box and applied a deft chip into the back of the net.
      A chip is a hit in golf, or a kick in football or rugby, that makes the ball go high into the air for a short distance.
      I was also highly impressed with his deft handling of some awkward moments in the Q&A.
      v[I] argue with sb in order to reach an agreement, esp about the price of sth
      Obviously you know how to haggle, so I'm not gonna try and take you on. Ok? So $800 and I don't call the cops which I should because you're robbing me blind! Just take the cat, leave the money, and run away!
      Wait a minute, no, this is the reason you brought me. Ok? I know how to haggle. So let me handle this from here on out.
      Don't be afraid to haggle with the Banks. They do it every day with many customers.
      Any buyer will be expecting to haggle over the price and it's obvious you're going to take the highest bid.
      It is only acceptable to haggle for goods in the open markets (not food).
      The buyer saw the owner was desperate and asked to haggle on price.
      Usually, you have to haggle at for about 50% of the original price that they are giving you.
      v[T] produce and release a liquid ¶ hide sth
      It is secreted by an organ called the pancreas.
      Tear fluid is secreted by the tear ducts and contains common salt, glucose and protein.
      A pheromone is a secreted or excreted chemical factor that triggers a social response in members of the same species.
      I've been doing some research online, and apparently, female primates- you know, uh, apes, chimpanzees, you. They find their mate more desirable when he's courted by another female. Now, this effect is intensified, when the rival female is secreting the pheromones associated with ovulation.
      The boulders lie secreted in the shoreline, like baby teeth, biding their time, waiting for the ocean to wash them from their hidey holes in the coastal cliff and roll them like giant marbles onto the beach.
      The card is secreted in the lining of a motorcyclist's helmet and emergency services are alerted to it's presence by the placement of a small green dot to the corner of the helmet visor.
      v[T] make sb seem guilty of a crime
      A passenger sitting in one of the front rows overhears this remark, turns around to face the two young men and warns them: "Do not incriminate the governments!"
      In february 2010, the FBI revealed their files about Jackson, and the proof is there again; they found nothing about Jackson that could incriminate him.
      That rule of the law is to ensure that no-one will be forced to incriminate himself by feeling obliged to answer questions.
      No suspects in the world will voluntarily give evidences that will incriminate them in the court of law.
      Not all rioters thought this way, however; some threw their BlackBerrys away after the riots for fear of being incriminated.
      At times police officers are even incriminated in robbery and other criminal cases.