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      adj causing disgust or aversion ¶ tending to repel or drive off ¶ of or relating to repulsion
      She's a lusty young wife who finds her much older husband boring and physically repulsive.
      My husband googled "spyware" and shortly after that we had an ad for an antivirus program with pictures of graphic pornography become our homepage!
      One of the pictures was a very young naked woman with a dog in a sexual position! Very repulsive. I literally cried and wanted to throw the computer out the window.
      Laid-off middle-aged managers and professionals were staggered to find that their age made them repulsive to potential employers.
      We don't know that exactly is the repulsive force that is causing the universe to expand, so it has been called dark energy, and yet astronomers are totally in the dark about its physical nature.
      Compare compulsive, impulsive, and repulsive.
      n[C] cure-all
      The panacea, also known as panchrest, was supposed to be a remedy that would cure all diseases and prolong life indefinitely.
      It was sought by the alchemists as a connection to the elixir of life and the philosopher's stone, a mythical substance which would enable the transmutation of common metals into gold.
      In Greek mythology, Panacea (Greek Πανάκεια, Panakeia) was a goddess of Universal remedy.
      Panacea and her four sisters each performed a facet of Apollo's art: Hygieia ("Hygiene" the goddess/personification of health, cleanliness, and sanitation)...
      The Cahuilla Indian people of the Colorado Desert region of California, according to legend, used the red sap of the elephant tree as a panacea medicine.
      A panacea (or panaceum) is also a literary term to represent any solution to solve all problems related to a particular issue.
      In folklore, a bullet cast from silver is often the only weapon that is effective against a werewolf, witch, or other monsters.
      The term has been adopted into a general metaphor, where "silver bullet" refers to any straightforward solution perceived to have extreme effectiveness.
      "No Silver Bullet — Essence and Accidents of Software Engineering" is a widely discussed paper on software engineering written by Turing Award winner Fred Brooks in 1986.
      n[CU] open rebellion against constituted authority, esp rebellion of sailors against superior officers
      also a verb
      Mutiny is a criminal conspiracy among a group of people (typically members of the military; or the crew of any ship, even if they are civilians) to openly oppose, change, or overthrow a lawful authority to which they are subject.
      During the Age of Discovery, mutiny particularly meant open rebellion against a ship's captain.
      This occurred, for example, during Ferdinand Magellan's journeys around the world, resulting in the killing of one mutineer, the execution of another, and the marooning of others, and on Henry Hudson's Discovery, resulting in Hudson and others being set adrift in a boat.
      The mutiny on the Bounty remains notorious.
      The Mutiny on the Bounty was a mutiny aboard the Royal Navy ship HMS Bounty in the south Pacific on 28 April 1789.
      Disaffected crewmen, led by Acting Lieutenant Fletcher Christian, seized control of the ship from their captain Lieutenant William Bligh and turned him and 18 loyalists afloat in Bounty's open launch (an open motorboat).
      Nobody came to Bligh's aid. In Guttridge's words, "proficiency, fatherly solicitude, and fair play in command had lost out to a thoroughly dislikeable personality."
      On the other hand, only a minority of those aboard, no more than a dozen or so, actively mutinied.
      v[T] make sb feel that they are going to throw up
      "You also made a common grammartical mistake. You said nauseous when you meant nauseated," said Sheldon.
      Is it okay if I hide them in your room? The smell makes me nauseated.
      Forgive me, as you know, I'm not adept at reading facial cues, but I'm going to take a stab here: You're either sad or nauseated.
      I have pain radiating from my navel to my lower right abdomen. I'm nauseated and feverish. I believe I may have cholera.
      Compare nausea, nauseous, puke, sick, and vomit.
      v[IT] close down a business and divide up the proceeds to pay its debts ¶ pay a debt ¶ destroy or remove sb/sth that causes problems
      A creditors' voluntary liquidation (CVL) is a process designed to allow an insolvent company to close voluntarily.
      The decision to liquidate is made by a board resolution, but instigated by the director(s).
      This means the company will stop trading and be liquidated ('wound up').
      The agreement stipulated that if the purchaser should make default in any of the payments, the vendor should be at liberty to cancel the agreement and to retain, as liquidated damages, the payments already made.
      This suggests that the Treasury Secretary might not liquidate the toxic assets at all, but try maintain the appearance that these underwater banks are solvent.
      This may come very soon as Japanese investors liquidate their Australian investments after the earthquake.
      adj badly planned and lacking order ¶ not good at planning or organizing things
      The casino is totally disorganized.
      Our instructor (Reeka, I believe) was late and disorganized.
      There were 3 guys manning the kiosk; they were very disorganized.
      Hood's Texans had swept away Warren's Fifth Corps, Army of the Potomac brigade, and a brigade from the Pennsylvania Reserves, and now turned on the one brigade remaining south of the Turnpike, a First Corps, Army of Virginia brigade of Ohioans.
      They were disorganized, but still frenzied with battle, more of a mob with a common purpose than a brigade.
      Ms. Lissimore did 300 tax returns last year and expects to do about the same or more this year.
      Most of those returns do little more than ensure that a lot of low-income people get their HST rebate.
      But for some, who have been living disorganized and occasionally homeless lives for longer, she gets much more: as much as five years of GST and HST rebates (the maximum) and tax refunds from many more years for people who once worked.
      n[C] a spice, sauce or other food preparation that is added to foods
      A condiment is a spice, sauce or other food preparation that is added to foods to impart a particular flavor, enhance its flavor, or in some cultures, to complement the dish.
      Many condiments are available packaged in single-serving Packet (container)s, like mustard or ketchup, particularly when supplied with take-out or fast-food meals.
      Condiments are usually applied by the diner.
      Condiments are sometimes added prior to serving, for example a sandwich made with ketchup or mustard.
      Some condiments are used during cooking to add flavor or texture to the food; barbecue sauce, teriyaki sauce, soy sauce, marmite are examples.
      The term condiment comes from the Latin condimentum, meaning "spice, seasoning, sauce" and from the Latin condere, meaning "preserve, pickle, season".
      adj impartial
      Although the judges may have thought they were entirely unbiased, the outcomes of those cases told a different story.
      What does Health Canada do to ensure it receives fair, accurate, unbiased information from industry?
      If you want to hear unbiased opinion of Sarah Palin, try looking into a different media outlet.
      Good scientists are sceptical, but they apply tests and models in an unbiased way and are judged by their peers, not politicians or the media.
      Rarely, do people research the facts and present an unbiased view.
      n[U] the spreading of people or things over a wide area
      In a dispersive prism, material dispersion (a wavelength-dependent refractive index) causes different colors to refract at different angles, splitting white light into a rainbow.
      In economics, wage dispersion is the amount of variation in wages encountered in an economy.
      In economics, price dispersion is variation in prices across sellers of the same item, holding fixed the item's characteristics.
      In statistics, dispersion (also called variability, scatter, or spread) denotes how stretched or squeezed a distribution (theoretical or that underlying a statistical sample) is.
      Dispersion is a measure for the statistical distribution of portfolio returns.
      "There are a number of options and- I'm really not familiar enough with the cushion densities, air flow patterns and dispersion of sunlight to make an informed choice." "Alright, why don't you just pick one at random and then if you don't like it, you can sit somewhere else next time."
      v[T] completely destroy a building or town
      Muslims threatened to raze the church and build a mosque in its place.
      The armed robbers then proceeded to raze down the Auchi Police command.
      They were heading to the local district hospital to raze it down before they were repulsed by the Police.
      Caesar ordered the whole city and the temple to be razed to the ground.
      One of the razed villages was Baissamoon, a tiny Palestinian community.
      Compare raze and razor.
      n[C] a party at which there is a lot of eating, drinking and sexual activity
      In modern usage, an orgy is a sex party where guests freely engage in open and unrestrained sexual activity or group sex.
      Swingers' parties do not always conform to this designation because at many swinger parties the sexual partners may all know each other or at least have some commonality among economic class, educational attainment or other shared attributes.
      Some swingers contend that an orgy, as opposed to a sex party, requires some anonymity of sexual partners in complete sexual abandon.
      Participation in an "orgy" is a common sexual fantasy and group sex targeting such consumers is a subgenre in pornographic films.
      Chandler and Joey's, um, Monica and Rachel's, Chandler is there and is getting ready to direct a bunch of strippers, Monica, Rachel, and Phoebe on what to do in the upcoming orgy of lesbian lust.
      "We were hoping you'd know a place." "Yes, perhaps somewhere packed tightly with young, beautiful bodies sweating and writhing against each other in a glorious orgy of the flesh."
      Can we turn off that Latin orgy music?
      You can refer to an activity as an orgy of that activity to emphasize that it is done to an excessive extent.
      Halloween night was an orgy of candy consumption.
      adj lukewarm
      If possible put the wound under running water or fill a tub with tepid water and pour it from a container or cup over the wound.
      If you describe something such as a feeling or reaction as tepid, you mean that it lacks enthusiasm.
      Six years minus a day after the launch of its last console, Nintendo launched the Wii U to a somewhat tepid response.
      Labour left office with the economy enjoying a tepid recovery.
      He also had at least some tepid support of the Congress.
      The tepid growth witnessed in 2011 in the region's oil-importing countries persists.
      v[I] ≠progress
      also a noun
      Our problem is that we tend to regress to ancient history to find means of progressing into the future.
      I continue to predict that real working incomes will continue to regress to global standards (i.e., decline) over the next several decades.
      Who or what created that God? This merely leads to an infinite regress.
      Since then many of them seemed to regress, hanging around with the wrong crowd, getting into drugs.
      When I went back in to visit her the next morning, she was concious but totally disorientated and seemed to have regressed to a childlike state - asking for her 'mam' who died over 50 years' ago.
      A few countries have been doing well, but there are others that have regressed.
      v[T] spoil the appearance of sb/sth
      They sometimes have limbs misshapen and faces disfigured by violent acts, signs of a hard life.
      We can be transfigured by the love of God or we can be disfigured by the love of sin.
      The bodies of the wives of some of the killed officers had been disfigured.
      A lot of people got killed, and many more got maimed or disfigured.
      Peyton Westlake is a brilliant scientist disfigured and given enhanced strength after his lab is destroyed.
      adj caused by a parasite ¶ of, relating to, or characteristic of a parasite
      A parasitic disease is caused by parasites.
      Others define the latent period as the time from exposure to the first occurrence of recognizable specific manifestations, be they symptoms, signs, positive serology or other laboratory findings; if for symptoms, then it is called the incubation period.
      With many parasitic infections in endemic areas, these definitions may be of little use clinically, because people are repeatedly being exposed to infection.
      A parasitic plant or animal lives in or on another type of plant or animal and feeds on it.
      Right whales have a large bulbous head and lack the streamlined shape of other whales. The head has large callosities that are home to a whole colony of whale barnacles, parasitic worms and whale lice.
      Right whales are three species of large baleen whales of the genus Eubalaena.
      A successful infection requires the establishment of a parasitic relationship between the pathogen and the host.
      A parasitic person lives by getting money, food, and other things from other people.
      Marketing is not helping to grow the economy: in fact, it's parasitic, as it makes profit from persuasion rather than producing essential things that people need.
      adj friendly and pleasant
      She's approachable and comes across as an amiable person who is capable of having an emotional connection with her compatriots.
      She was chosen primarily for her amiable personality and high degree of articulation in her first language.
      There was an aged father, amiable but rather vague, a red-faced, bustling mother and their hyperactive younger son.
      I do really think Mr. Martin a very amiable young man, and have a great opinion of him.
      He was described as having a cheerful, amiable disposition.
      adj ≠extravagant
      People who are frugal or who live frugal lives do not eat much or spend much money on themselves.
      A frugal (=simple) meal is a small meal of plain food.
      I had a small small wedding. It wasn't really frugal , but it was what I wanted.
      If we don't change course, through being frugal, thoughtful, conserving, and investing, the Nevada we love will be only a memory.
      By hard work, frugal living and smart investments, we have achieved financial security.
      Maybe that helped me maintain my frugal lifestyle, which has helped me save a lot.
      How do I know that the woman I am courting for marriage is a frugal person? I don't want someone who uses her husband like an ATM machine.
      adj not clear or logical ¶ not expressed or organized clearly
      What an incoherent rant this article is.
      Seriously, how can an incoherent mess like this even get published?
      His incoherent ramblings and bloodstained face and hands had done little to instill confidence in his story.
      The two groups perceived the other's system of justice as inconsistent, incoherent and incomprehensible.
      flight of ideas - a nearly continuous flow of accelerated speech with abrupt changes from topic to topic that are usually based on understandable associations, distracting stimuli, or plays on words. When severe, speech may be disorganized and incoherent.
      If something is coherent, it is well planned, so that it is clear and sensible and all its parts go well with each other.
      If someone is coherent, they express their thoughts in a clear and calm way, so that other people can understand what they are saying.
      adj impossible to deal with successfully
      The work piles up so high that any task seems insurmountable.
      Their persistence in the face of insurmountable odds would cause the "average" and "normal" person to give up and withdraw from society.
      It does not alleviate her insurmountable problem.
      When faced with insurmountable obstacles, unknown hidden potentials in us lead us to a new purpose.
      Getting past morning grogginess to work out may seem like an insurmountable task.
      We were resolved to scale the so-called insurmountable barrier or die.
      While most people might turn away from such a seemingly insurmountable challenge, Cordell has embraced it as an opportunity for action.
      If you surmount a problem or difficulty, you deal successfully with it.
      Compare overcome, surmount, and tackle.
      n[UC] carrying capacity of an aircraft or launch vehicle
      Payload is the carrying capacity of an aircraft or launch vehicle, usually measured in terms of weight.
      Depending on the nature of the flight or mission, the payload of a vehicle may include cargo, passengers, flight crew, munitions, scientific instruments or experiments, or other equipment.
      Extra fuel, when optionally carried, is also considered part of the payload.
      For a rocket, the payload can be a satellite, space probe, or spacecraft carrying humans, animals, or cargo.
      For a ballistic missile, the payload is one or more warheads and related systems; the total weight of these systems is referred to as the throw-weight.
      The fraction of payload to the total liftoff weight of the air or spacecraft is known as the "payload fraction".
      When the weight of the payload and fuel are considered together, it is known as the "useful load fraction".
      In spacecraft, "mass fraction" is normally used, which is the ratio of payload to everything else, including the rocket structure.
      Payload in computing (sometimes referred to as the actual or body data) is the cargo of a data transmission.
      In computer security, payload refers to the part of malware which performs a malicious action.
      adj suggesting physical pleasure ¶ attractive in a sexual way
      Wild, sensuous and sexy - these are the perfect adjectives that describe the shoes they offer.
      'Sensuous Steel': See stunning vintage cars in Nashville.
      You might say "well get a Kindle". You are entitled to say that, but frankly it is not the same. You don't get any of the sensuous pleasure of reading a real book or newspaper.
      With big sexy eyes, sensuous lips and a rock and roll waist, Jackie defines "sexy African" in her own way.
      Mocha-colored skin, startling hazel eyes, high cheekbones and full, sensuous lips that begged immediate attention riveted her and almost elicited a soft sound of appreciation until Deidre squelched it.
      adj refined in manner, well-bred and polite
      Just as we were seated, Kenkar came to greet us in her genteel manner.
      She is a genteel southern lady through and through.
      Rival offerings from BMW and Mercedes had their own appeal; the BMW Z3 offered raw rear-wheel-drive waywardness, the Mercedes SLK was nostalgia-rich and excelled on "barrelling along" in a genteel way.
      Although it is concerned with genteel society rather than the working-classes, the novel is not without connection to French and American Naturalism and its emphasis upon both individual and collective human lives as a product of their environment.
      Since the girl had been distressed by a family background of genteel poverty, she felt the offer of marriage to be her real opportunity both to escape her environment and to help her two younger siblings.
      Gentry (origin Old French genterie, from gentil, "high-born, noble") are "well-born, genteel and well-bred people" of high social class, especially in the past.
      adj unpleasantly wet and cold
      In the cathedral vaults the air was dank and stale.
      The worst water was at the Aquarium, a dank , foul-smelling place with an underwater viewing area for sea lions and seals
      There was a well with the boarding around it dank and slippery even on the brightest days.
      People tell me about pilgrimages to some dank pesthole in a jungle where they go to do homage to a crumbling temple.
      Terminal 3 is known for endless immigration lines in a dank basement.
      adj reluctant
      If you begin this book, you'll be loath to set it down until you've reached its end.
      People are loath to accept the idea that they are not special.
      Most people are loath to report negative emotions other than anger.
      With American troops only recently withdrawn from Iraq and still in Afghanistan, the president is loath to engage in new military actions, especially one with few advocates, even among human rights groups.
      Compare loathsome and repulsive.
      v[T] envision, imagine, picture
      Finally, Obama will be delivering real change. But not the kind envisaged by those who voted for him.
      The point of the beer/tax story is that a Robin Hood tax system of the sort envisaged by Cardinal O'Brien will harm those who create the wealth and jobs, without which there are no services for the less well-off.
      It is envisaged that this new process could open the door for many other classic musical performances to be made available as Apps to be enjoyed on mobile devices, away from the restrictions of the home DVD player.
      In practice, however, the federal role envisaged in the act has not been fully realized.
      One of his advisors even declared that he envisaged to maintain such a tax " just the time of the financial crisis.