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      adj extremely bad, immoral, or cruel
      These were particularly despicable crimes.
      The way she was treated at the hospitals and police station is despicable.
      When Todd Akin made his despicable and ignorant comments about rape in August, Republicans were quick to abandon him in an effort to force him to get out of the race in favor of a more acceptable nominee.
      Although it was a despicable act, according to the law it's not even sexual assault.
      Have you considered the possibility that Loughner was a mentally ill person, his despicable acts were solely a product of his deranged mind, and nothing else?
      v[T] deceive
      So people delude themselves that they are still getting the 12.5% (in their mind) when in reality, they don't know.
      Under the hormonal influence of ovulation, women delude themselves into thinking that the sexy bad boys will become devoted partners and better dads.
      In these presidential elections we delude ourselves that one of the candidates will soon chart a new course for his country, for the world.
      Or get a tattoo and stay just as drab and boring, but delude yourself that you're not.
      Many southerners are deluded into believing it could return to such a level and be the economic engine of the entire country.
      v[T] inflict a punishment or penalty in return for
      The Taliban said Monday it would avenge the death of every Afghan who was killed.
      At this rate, it takes practically 100 Palestinian deaths to avenge the death of one Israeli.
      A war hero is trying to avenge his father in this classic movie.
      A billionaire with unlimited resources who must avenge his father by bringing justice to a corrupt city; we've heard that one before.
      Marvel's The Avengers, or simply The Avengers, is a 2012 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics superhero team of the same name.
      n[UC] a substance (usu liquid) produced by a plant or animal ¶ the production of the substance
      Secretion is the process of elaborating, releasing, and oozing chemicals, or a secreted chemical substance from a cell or gland.
      In contrast to excretion, the substance may have a certain function, rather than being a waste product.
      The classical mechanism of cell secretion is via secretory portals at the cell plasma membrane called porosomes.
      Secretion in bacterial species means the transport or translocation of effector molecules for example: proteins, enzymes or toxins from across the interior of a bacterial cell to its exterior.
      Secretion is a very important mechanism in bacterial functioning and operation in their natural surrounding environment for adaptation and survival.
      The secretion of hormones is controlled by negative-feedback mechanisms (keep the body functioning within a narrow range of values consistent with life).
      Oh, Newcastle disease is a secretion borne virus that only affects chickens and other poultry.
      n[UC] common name for several tall, grass-like plants of wetlands
      Phragmites australis, the common reed, is used in many areas for thatching roofs.
      In the United Kingdom, common reed used for this purpose is known as "Norfolk reed" or "water reed".
      However, "wheat reed" and "Devon reed" are not in fact reed at all, but long-stemmed wheat straw.
      A reed is a small piece of cane or metal inserted into the mouthpiece of a woodwind instrument.
      The reed vibrates when you blow through it and makes a sound.
      The reed switch is an electrical switch operated by an applied magnetic field.
      It was invented at Bell Telephone Laboratories in 1936 by W. B. Ellwood.
      It consists of a pair of contacts on ferrous metal reeds in a hermetically sealed glass envelope.
      Reed valves are a type of check valve which restrict the flow of fluids to a single direction, opening and closing under changing pressure on each face
      n[U] realization of sth desired or worked for, accomplishment
      I am also indebted to my editor Patrick Nielsen Hayden and my agent Donald Maass, who believed in this book and helped me bring it to fruition.
      Julian did not live long enough to bring his plan to fruition, however.
      For Cadel, the win was the fruition of a dream he held for 20 years.
      The project came to fruition in the winter of 1986-1987, with the inauguration of three trails designed by Laurent Fortier and Bill Dobson, well-known figures in Quebec skiing circles.
      Compare fruit and fruition.
      adj endless
      I hate these interminable delays.
      And then, after what seemed like an interminable period, I saw three tween girls casually strolling up the block.
      We hit Arusha at evening rush hour, and it takes an interminable amount of time to go the last 10km.
      However, I did notice that after the movie spent what seemed like an interminable time "developing characters" and "waiting for the action to start," once things got going, it also came fairly fast-paced.
      After what seemed an interminable wait, on 6th October I received my calling up papers together with a travel warrant, made out from Berwick Station to Wool, in Dorset. I said goodbye to friends and the family and set off for the war.
      v[IT] ≠contract
      If part of your body dilates, it becomes bigger and wider.
      One of your organ is dilated when you feel extremely happy. It's your stomach.
      The pupils of your eyes dilate when you enter a dark room.
      This drug will dilate the arteries.
      "Penny? What about her?" "Well, I thought I saw your pupils dilated when you looked at her. Which, unless you're a heroin addict, points to sexual attraction."
      Look at her reaction to the good-night kiss. No change in respiration, pupils undilated, no flushing of the chest.
      Shelly, come on. Your sister's fully dilated and she wants a nice family picture before there's blood everywhere.
      adj living without any physical pleasures or comforts, esp for religious reasons
      also a noun
      Living hidden away in the mountains suited his ascetic character.
      The Prince also saw an ascetic, dressed in simple clothes but glowing with the inner peace of one who given up his worldly passions.
      Here was a man who worshipped numbers, he was "a mathematical monk, who renounced physical pleasure and material possessions for an ascetic, contemplative life."
      The ascetic life and spiritual virtues of the young Ugornitsky monk soon became widely known and admired in the whole region of Galicia and Volhynia.
      In the 6 th century, the hermit St. Kevin began an ascetic life in this scenic valley, and other monks joined him.
      adj ≠similar
      The situation with surveillance in the USA is not dissimilar to Canada with respect to legal authority.
      For me, science's idea of a Big Bang is not dissimilar to the satisfied cry of God: Let there be Light!
      This is not too dissimilar to how german propoganda attacked Jew's pre WW2!
      Not dissimilar from Dead Space, but released 13 years earlier, this 1995 title is based off the original Alien films and follows the plight of Ripley, who is travelling through a colony infested with aliens to find a group of trapped marines.
      Preventing or avoiding computer viruses is not so dissimilar from biological viruses. Refraining from risky behaviour, be prudent and careful while dealing with files and Internet links is a safe way to go.
      adj aggressive ¶ fighting a war
      People in this city are aggressive, belligerent, and scary. I have to be on guard all the time regarding personal safety - we have had a number of women attacked and assaulted while walking, and yes, I live in a so-called nice neighbourhood.
      Indiana cops detained a "belligerent" six-year-old last week, after the cantankerous nipper kicked his school principal and threatened to kill two other members of staff.
      Unfortunately, certain so-called Islamic groups and certain others have depicted Islam in such a way that it appears to be an uncivilised, extremist, belligerent and bellicose religion.
      Australian troops were mobilized to invade a Muslim country that had not committed a belligerent act against our nation.
      We were never a belligerent nation trying to embark on seas and fight an enemy five thousand miles away - like what the USA has embarked on today.
      adj willing to take risks or to do sth shocking
      He described the plan as ambitious and audacious.
      It is an audacious move that will see a wider Asia-Pacific carbon trading area that will be worth billions of dollars.
      Dropping Google's well-capable Maps from iOS 6 was an audacious move but the service - powered by TomTom - promised more features and greater detail than the Google option, such as turn-by-turn navigation and 3D imagery.
      The moon mission was founded on a classic BHAG - a big hairy audacious goal.
      In our manifesto, we have outlined an audacious and forward thinking blueprint that we believe will change the economic landscape and fortunes of our country.
      v[T] slow down
      n[C] an offensive way of describing sb who is not intelligent or who has not developed normally
      I will not allow the opposition to retard the development of the country.
      Flooding cells with oxygen may retard the growth of cancer cells or even help to return them to normal.
      This policy could delay a country's recovery from an economic crisis and retard economic growth.
      This attribute is a result of the salt's characteristic of retarding fermentation.
      The terminal velocity of a falling body occurs during free fall when a falling body experiences zero acceleration. This is because of the retarding force known as air resistance.
      Retarded children with poor social skills are called autistic.
      adj perfectly clean
      Clean up your counter tops and appliances. Get out the broom and mop to clean your floors, and make sure the bathroom is spotless.
      From the washroom to the polished silverware on the tables, this place is spotless.
      The staff are fantastic, couldn't have been more helpful, my room was spotless and very comfortable.
      Marjorie always had Ted in a jacket and tie, starched, spotless white shirt.
      Apparently, the European Court of Justice has ruled that from December 21st, 2012, car insurance premiums must be gender-neutral.
      Which is bad news if you are a 22-year-old female driver of spotless record, because you'll now be subsidising all those 19-year-old acned, testosterone-junkies who treat driving as a form of personal combat.
      I normally lean toward the side of the person with the more spotless reputation.
      Immaculate is a synonym of spotless.
      n[C] tycoon
      Magnate, from the Late Latin magnas, a great man, itself from Latin magnus 'great', designates a noble or other man in a high social position, by birth, wealth or other qualities.
      In reference to the Middle Ages, the term is often used to distinguish higher territorial landowners and warlords such as counts, earls, dukes, and territorial-princes from the baronage.
      A business magnate (or industrialist) refers to an entrepreneur of great influence, importance, or standing in a particular enterprise or field of business.
      The term characteristically refers to a wealthy entrepreneur or investor who controls through personal business ownership or dominant shareholding position a firm or industry whose goods, products, or services are widely consumed.
      Such individuals may also be called czars, moguls, tycoons, taipans, barons, or oligarchs.
      One of Hong Kong's richest men has offered a reward of nearly 65 million to the man who can woo his lesbian daughter.
      Cecil Chao Sze-tsung, a property magnate, announced the HK$500 million bounty this week after reports that his daughter Gigi Chao, 33, a University of Manchester graduate, entered a civil partnership with her long-term girlfriend in France.
      Compare magnate and magnet.
      adj trying to appear or sound more important or clever than you are, esp in matters of art and literature
      Mister Pretentious, you think there's no one finer, well your poems are unpublished, and you work in a diner.
      You're no God's gift to women, that's all in your headdddd.
      You are just a butt munch. No one likes a butt munch.
      And you're also bad in bedd-edd-edd! (Monica waves at Julio.)
      Look at this place. Why am I so intimidated by this guy? Pretentious art, this huge macho couch. When we know all he does is sit around all day crying about losing Monica to a real man! You don't think he's here, do you?
      "I didn't say your songs weren't good enough." "Well then what's wrong with them? Well they don't go with your tiny portions of pretentious food?"
      Well ok, well, who identified the tone of this restaurant as pretentious comma garlicky?
      v[T] cheat
      also a noun
      Merck then used the falsified trial results to swindle the U.S. government out of "hundreds of millions of dollars for a vaccine that does not provide adequate immunization."
      I remember the ABC screening "The Great Global Warming Swindle" three or four years ago.
      While, gift shops may be more affordable, they build on the idea that tourists don't know what they're buying and take advantage of it. You are usually sold items that are poorly manufactured and are sure to fall apart once you get home. To avoid being swindled by locals, invest in something of quality.
      Like I said before, I was content with the "Peace Process" in the 1990s, but Israel has proven that that was just a swindle.
      He "bit off the nipple of human kindness" and is a "hypocrite, four flusher, snake in the grass. Just a swindler, a wolf in sheep's clothing, liar."
      Do your internet analysis and see if they are planning to swindle you or if they are respected.
      Bernard Lawrence "Bernie" Madoff is an American swindler convicted of fraud and a former stockbroker, investment advisor, and financier.
      In chess, a swindle is a ruse by which a player in a losing position tricks his opponent, and thereby achieves a win or draw instead of the expected loss.
      v[T] slander
      adj harmful
      Maynard also found time in his note to malign the Red Hat Exchange (RHX) - an online watering hole for open source software tied to RHEL.
      The chief minister claimed riots were result of a conspiracy to malign the image of his party.
      Are you seeing the malign influence Iran is having in the world, from Gaza to Syria, Afghanistan and the Lebanon?
      A few have chosen to malign and vilify me for my public criticisms of the government.
      Here in the United States, our profession is much maligned, people simply don't trust or like journalists anymore and that's sad.
      Compare benign, benignant, malign and malignant.
      adj so sure that your beliefs and ideas are right that you expect other people to accept them
      He could be single-minded, dogmatic, and he never changed his mind.
      They were arrogant, dogmatic and started answering questions even before listening to the question fully.
      The Marxists were atheists and yet were just as dogmatic as religionists.
      I knew her well and she is stubborn, self-righteous, and dogmatic.
      He was strident and dogmatic in giving his opinions.
      n[C] one of the two elected leaders in charge of ancient Rome ¶ a government official who is the representative of his or her country in a foreign city
      Consul was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic and an appointive office under the Empire.
      Gaius Julius Caesar was a Roman general, statesman, Consul, and notable author of Latin prose.
      In 60 BC, Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey formed a political alliance that was to dominate Roman politics for several years.
      Crassus rose to political prominence following his victory over the slave revolt led by Spartacus, sharing the Consulship with his rival Pompey the Great.
      In modern terminology, a Consul is a type of diplomat.
      In most governments, the Consul is the head of the Consular Section of an embassy, and is responsible for all consular services such as immigrant and non-immigrant visas, passports, and citizen services for expatriates living or traveling in the host country.
      After Napoleon Bonaparte staged a coup against the Directory government in November 1799, the French Republic adopted a constitution which conferred executive powers upon three Consuls, elected for a period of ten years.
      Compare consul, council, and counsel.
      n[U] a feeling of anxiety or fear about sth that is going to happen
      I had heard him many times by then, but never heard his voice like that, so full of trepidation.
      With both excitement and some trepidation, I took the plunge and signed up for some helicopter flying lessons in Britain.
      The staff all meet, with trepidation, thinking they are going to lose their jobs.
      After he returned, it was with some trepidation that I went upstairs and knocked on his door to give it to him.
      I want it done but have some trepidation about whether things will work.
      adj courageous
      Despite a valiant effort, the Opals fell to the USA and Hungary in the preliminary tournament, and did not qualify for the Olympics.
      Nick made a valiant attempt to come back from this injury.
      I watched Smithy from the other side of the river as he fought a valiant fight for a couple of minutes before the fish turned and ran unstoppably downstream.
      Her daughter Shirin Banu Mitil was a valiant freedom fighter who fought in man's disguise in the front rows of the war.
      Others put up a valiant battle, sweating in the gym and avoiding the typical 'western diet'.
      Valiant is a 2005 British computer-animated film produced by Vanguard Animation and Odyssey Entertainment.
      In May 1944, 5 years since the declaration of World War II, three Royal Homing Pigeon Service war pigeons are flying across the English Channel with the White Cliffs of Dover in sight, carrying vital messages to Great Britain...
      adj not severe (esp in punishing people), merciful
      Although the conditions of loans provided as aid are more lenient than those in private capital markets, the obligation to pay them is no less a burden.
      Neil Henry called the refereeing "incompetent". Henry may have been too lenient. It is been abominable at best and criminal at worst.
      He pleaded with the police to be lenient with long distance drivers who commit minor offences as the present situation where they are often detained for hours affects most passengers and perishable goods in transit.
      I expect it polished. If it's a blog, I'm more lenient.
      The judge should be ashamed to give a lenient sentence to someone so obviously undeserving.
      The Management has come to a conclusion that you are habitual absconder to your duties and you deserve punishment for the above misconduct. However, the management has taken a lenient view and you are hereby severely warned and advised not to repeat the same in future.
      adj easily becoming offended or annoyed ¶ needing to be dealt with carefully
      Be careful about advertising. Forum members (and owners) can get very touchy about this.
      My husband is very touchy about me giving him 'instructions.'
      Interpersonal honesty and truth-telling has been a touchy subject for me since my family relationships were not exactly straightforward but filled with anxiety and duplicity.
      Tax reform has always been a touchy issue in Australia, where attempts to change or improve our taxation system have all too often become a political football.
      Money is a touchy topic. Most people are terribly polite when it comes to the subject, often not wanting to offend others by posing personal questions.
      Compare delicate, oversensitive, and thin-skinned.
      n[U] a mineral substance often used inside electronic equipment and watches
      Quartz is the second most abundant mineral in the Earth's continental crust, after feldspar.
      There are many different varieties of quartz, several of which are semi-precious gemstones.
      Pure quartz, traditionally called rock crystal (sometimes called clear quartz), is colorless and transparent (clear) or translucent, and has often been used for hardstone carvings, such as the Lothair Crystal.
      Rose quartz is a type of quartz which exhibits a pale pink to rose red hue.
      Amethyst is a popular form of quartz that ranges from a bright to dark or dull purple color.
      Smoky quartz is a gray, translucent version of quartz. It ranges in clarity from almost complete transparency to a brownish-gray crystal that is almost opaque. Some can also be black.
      A quartz clock is a clock that uses an electronic oscillator that is regulated by a quartz crystal to keep time.
      This crystal oscillator creates a signal with very precise frequency, so that quartz clocks are at least an order of magnitude more accurate than mechanical clocks.
      The first quartz clock was built in 1927 by Warren Marrison and J.W. Horton at Bell Telephone Laboratories.
      "They're every four minutes and last 55 seconds." "59 seconds. (holds up his watch) Quartz, ha." "Swiss quartz, ha ha."
      In Apple computer's OS X operating system, Quartz is the Quartz 2D and Quartz Compositor part of the Core Graphics framework.