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      n[C] the act or process of flowing out
      The irrigation system only uses three percent of the outflow of Lake Argyle for agriculture, the other 97% flows out through the Ord River system contributing to the ecological sustainability of Lake Kununurra.
      For the first 10 months of this year, the account logged an outflow of 30. 45 billion dollars.
      Interestingly, Queensland has never had a net outflow of residents and the net inflow into the state is once again ramping up.
      In addition, the Asia-Pacific region is the most affected by international capital outflow.
      Alongside increased emigration there has also been a massive outflow of private money from China despite its strict currency controls.
      adj morally offensive, especially in a sexual way ¶ not polite
      If you have sex in public, you may be charged with committing an indecent act.
      Below are their names and the number of indecent expressions each made...
      Indecent Proposal is a 1993 drama film based on the novel of the same name by Jack Engelhard.
      Indecent assault is an offence of aggravated assault in some common law-based jurisdictions. It is characterised as a sex crime and has significant overlap with offences referred to as sexual assault.
      Indecent exposure is the deliberate exposure in public or in view of the general public by a person of a portion or portions of his or her body, in circumstances where the exposure is contrary to local moral or other standards of appropriate behavior.
      Compare indecent and obscene.
      adj able to feel things through physical senses
      Sentience is the ability to feel, perceive, or experience subjectively.
      Animal-welfare advocates typically argue that any sentient being is entitled, at a minimum, to protection from unnecessary suffering, though animal-rights advocates may differ on what rights (e.g., the right to life) may be entailed by simple sentience.
      In science fiction, an alien, android, robot, hologram, or computer described as "sentient" is usually treated as a fully human character, with similar rights, qualities, and capabilities as any other character.
      A zombie is not a sentient being because it can not sense anything and thus can not react accordingly.
      adj suitable for sth ¶ pleasing because of similarities
      To create a congenial atmosphere for investment, a permanent organizational structure, free from maladministration and interference, needs to be established to provide necessary facilities to the investors.
      He said there should be a congenial environment for the private sector to grow.
      He felt it was more congenial to live in New York than in the UK.
      The Western Paradise is where good Buddhists are taken after death - a congenial place where they can progress more rapidly toward becoming Buddhas themselves.
      Miss Congeniality is a 2000 comedy film, starring Sandra Bullock, Michael Caine, Benjamin Bratt and Candice Bergen.
      Compare agreeable, congenial, and sympathetic.
      adj brave or chivalrous
      n[C] a young man who treats women in an extremely polite and helpful way
      By the end of the war Custer had been breveted for gallant and meritorious services on five occasions.
      One night a squadron of Federal horse commanded by Major Seidel, a gallant and skillful officer, moved out from Readyville on an uncommonly hazardous enterprise requiring secrecy, caution and silence.
      The Australian men's water polo team has gone down 8-5 to world champions Italy in their opening game of the 2012 London Olympic Games.
      Despite a gallant effort and some stout defence in the middle of the game, the Australians were not effective enough in extra man opportunities at either end of the pool to topple an Italian side that included Pietro Figlioli - a dual Olympian for Australia.
      "Of course not," she snapped. "I'm only thirsty. Would you play the gallant and find me a glass of lemonade?"
      Our gallant soldiers in Ghana have distinguished themselves in many fields of endeavour on the international stage as peacekeepers.
      adv side by side with sb/sth and facing the same way
      If people or things walk or move abreast, they are next to each other, side by side, and facing in the same direction.
      Riding two abreast is legal, however don't hog the road and allow others to overtake.
      The planes were flying three abreast.
      If you are abreast of someone or something, you are level with them or in line with them.
      The motorcyclist came abreast of her car and shouted abuse at her.
      If you keep/stay abreast of something, you make sure that you know all the most recent facts or information about a particular subject or situation.
      In such an evolving industry as radiotherapy it is important to keep abreast of new and up and coming technologies.
      This enables the team to discovers issues quickly and keep abreast of the progress.
      adj very greedy in eating, ravenous ¶ very eager to learn or to do sth
      Seafood lovers have a voracious appetite and the issues surrounding sustainable seafood are not black and white.
      You gave me one of the greatest gifts that I possess today - an incredible love of the English language, a voracious appetite for books and literature and an appreciation of the beauty that can lay hidden in a carefully constructed sonnet.
      Though I am now a voracious reader, when I was younger I didn't want to read at all.
      The internet is a voracious consumer of energy and generator of waste heat -- and the semiconductor lasers used to transmit data as light pulses are responsible for a lot of the power consumption.
      Many dragonfly larvae are voracious predators on mosquito larvae and have been used in human-health programs to control disease-carrying mosquitos.
      Yes, Mummy was right. American girls are sexually voracious devils.
      adj bad-tempered and easily annoyed
      Ok, Monica, you know what, honey, you're kinda losing it here!
      You know, I once dated a Miss Crankypants. Lovely girl, kinda moody.
      Ooh someone's wearing grumpy pants.
      A smarty-pants is a person who wants to appear to be clever.
      Someone who is crusty is bad-tempered.
      "Ok, you know what, I got it, I got it, pretend you just woke up, ok? that will throw her off early. Be sleepy." "Yes, and grumpy." "What are you, stop naming dwarves!"
      A Disney version of the Seven Dwarfs, also called Disney Dwarfs as a potential Disney Consumer Products/DisneyToon Studios franchise, appeared in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, the Seven Dwarfs in this are: Doc, Dopey (slightly stupid), Bashful (shy), Grumpy, Sneezy, Sleepy, and Happy.
      Calm down. There's no reason to get testy.
      Listen, we both know you're gonna do it 'cause you're not a jerk. Ok? So you can either sulk here for a half hour and then go pick them up, or save us both time and sulk in the car.
      Oh, she was a cruel, cranky, old bitch!
      Wow, I really get crabby when I cook.
      "Put the Camera Away!" "Man, you are Westminster Crabby."
      Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic church in the City of Westminster, London.
      I-I wanted to apologize if I - you know seemed a tad edgy yesterday at my shower. You know, it's just the hormones, you know.
      Compare sulk, sullen, and surly.
      v[T] put a knife or sword into its cover ¶ put a protective covering or casing on sth
      She is dressed as an Amazon, a sheathed sword in one hand, and a spear in the other.
      He said the monarchs appealed to the youth to sheathe their swords and they agreed by returning to their homes.
      All cables and heating pipes are sheathed in trunking.
      The stairs, like the rest of the building, are sheathed in white Carrara marble.
      And barely a few kilometres away is this building - the Beijing Opera House. Located in the middle of its own lake and sheathed in titanium metal.
      A scabbard is a sheath for holding a sword, knife, or other large blade.
      v[T] make sb feel that they must do sth
      She was off like a bird, bullet, or arrow, impelled by what desire, shot by whom, at what directed, who could say? What, what? Mrs Ramsay pondered, watching her.
      The aid which we feel impelled to give to the helpless is mainly an incidental result of the instinct of sympathy.
      As the prototype of all sinners, Eve felt impelled to lead Adam to participate in the same sin.
      He was a tired man of 38; but he was impelled to go on demonstrating that the future of world transport was in aviation.
      The capitalists are impelled by competition among themselves, and by the need "to get the most out of a dollar's worth of labor", to increase the rate of surplus value, the rate of exploitation.
      Compare compel, impel, and propel.
      n[U] offspring ¶ things that develop from sth else
      Mary Shelley's stepsister, Fanny, was the progeny of a painful affair between Wollstonecraft and an already married American.
      There were up to 14,000 children of such liaisons in Norway. Some were the progeny of SS chief Heinrich Himmler's Lebensborn (' fountain of life') plan to produce a master-race of blondhaired Aryans.
      Once the climate tipping point is past, human beings will pay any price to go back but it will be to no avail. And they will wonder why their ancestors thought driving SUVs and air conditioning the outdoors was more important than water, food and survival of their progeny.
      He has passed his wonderful temperament to his progeny.
      Samsung Electronics poached a second employee of Research In Motion in a month, by setting back the BlackBerry manufacturer as it struggles to regain its progeny.
      BlackBerry Limited, formerly known as Research In Motion Limited (RIM), is a Canadian telecommunication and wireless equipment company best known to the general public as the developer of the BlackBerry brand of smartphones and tablets.
      adj much too high or great, unreasonable
      It means my total family income would have to be an exorbitant amount to afford an $800,000 house.
      Most universities offer degrees to international students at exorbitant prices (a year at Oxford including all necessary fees can run you about 60K).
      I'm in total agreement with Dixiebrit about the exorbitant cost of living in the UK, especially in the southern part of the country.
      Many of these workers go abroad selling their meager possessions or loaning money at exorbitant rates of interests from money lenders.
      Most Hollywood personalities seem not to worry about the exorbitant costs of purchasing some pairs of shoes.
      My sister was left only with one school's admission, which is known to demand an exorbitant fee.
      An astronomical amount, price, or charge is one that is extremely high and much higher than you would expect.
      Compare exorbitant and orbit.
      n[U] future generations
      An archivist collects, catalogues and preserves all ephemera associated with a dance company, such as programs, newspaper clippings, posters, designs, flyers, photographs, slides, videos and sound recordings for posterity.
      He saved the recordings to CDs, which he then buried for posterity.
      The posterity of Jebus settled in the mountainous regions of Judea.
      I refuse to dedicate my life to posterity.
      As the Greek philosopher Solon put it: "We don't consider any man successful until he has died well." But ancient philosophers were subject only to the verdict of posterity. Today's managers are victims of the tyranny of the quarterly earnings report.
      adj able to understand how sb feels because you can imagine what it is like to be them
      I know many wonderful, intelligent, loving, empathetic, knowledgeable, fun, caring fat people (who are also healthy - not that we should judge them on how healthy they are).
      Remember the shadow that's cast by leaders and the company - if in a situation where layoffs are happening, keep in mind that they may be tomorrow's prospects, clients, boss, or future job candidates someday.
      Be honest, human, empathetic and show you care - delivering tough news is tough and it's okay to let employees know it; do what you can to make them feel comforted.
      Charm is the attractiveness of an object or person that interests, pleases, and satisfies. When you charm men and women, you can be charismatic and attractive, but also attentive and empathetic.
      It affects him psychologically, emotionally and socially, that non-sufferers like us would never understand unless we're in his shoes. But through him, I learned to be more patient, compassionate and empathetic.
      Compare antipathetic, apathetic, empathetic, pathetic, sympathetic, and unsympathetic.
      adj not caring that other people are suffering
      Compare callous, calloused, and callus.
      Sheldon is a callous egomaniac. (Compare freak and lunatic)
      Leonard, Penny is grinding a pumice stone against her calloused feet in the living room!
      "Wow, Ikea... what a rich culture. Uhm, you know what? I have a friend who is a masseuse." "Oh, Ja! Ja!" "Yeah! She's not very good though; maybe it's because she has got such callusy fingers from playing crummy guitar."
      The operational principles of the corporation give it a highly anti-social "personality": it is self-interested, inherently amoral, callous and deceitful; it breaches social and legal standards to get its way; it does not suffer from guilt, yet it can mimic the human qualities of empathy, caring and altruism.
      And she said the accused showed a callous disregard about the catastrophic circumstances that resulted.
      The worst thing about poverty in the 19th century was the callous attitude of many Victorians.
      This picture is an indictment of gang rule in America and of the callous indifference of the government to this constantly increasing menace to our safety and our liberty.
      n[CU] weapons or military equipment ¶ the process of increasing the number and strength of a country's weapons
      The years of 1950-1960 were those of the Korean War, of the beginning of the US military escalation in Indochina, of the armament of Taiwan, of the construction of immense US bases in the region, of the Chinese-Indian showdown in the Himalayas...
      Apart from size, armament and application, ocean-going German U-boats deviated little from this basic design pattern throughout the Great War.
      Weight: 54 tons; Length: 11.0m; Width: 3.4m; Height: 2.2m; Crew: 3; Primary Armament: 125mm smooth bore gun with autoloader; Operational Range: 600km; Speed: 80 km/h on road and 60 km/h cross country.
      More than 200.000 people, among them Jews, prisoners of war and homosexuals, suffered in the Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp during the Nazi dictatorship. Inmates were forced to work in brickworks and the armament industry or to participate in painful medical experiments.
      This year, the threat will be Iran's nuclear armament.
      He was the former director of the General Armament Department.
      n[C] a small show offered in addition to the main attraction, as at a circus ¶ an event that is much less important or serious than another one
      But by late October, it had become clear that Plan A had become little more than a sideshow.
      "We believe that financial markets are not a sideshow," Goldstein said in an interview. "Rather, they play a very important role in the economy."
      While the South Pacific islands region may be a sideshow to the vastly bigger diplomatic, economic and strategic interactions being played out in Asia and the northern Pacific, the USA has recognised that the South Pacific is not to be overlooked in the USA's assertion of itself as a Pacific power.
      The vote on whether to have an EU referendum, she implies, is a sideshow compared to the more immediate question of the Greek bailout, the subject of the ongoing European summit.
      n[C] joke
      v[I] speak in a way that is not serious
      A jester was an historical entertainer either employed to entertain a ruler or other nobility in medieval or Tudor times or was an itinerant performer who entertained common folk at fairs and markets.
      King and the Clown (Hangul: 왕의 남자; hanja: 王의 男子) is a 2005 South Korean historical drama film.
      So, Google has this slogan, which they apparently claim not in jest, but with all sincerity: Don't be evil.
      Even in jest, I don't think that's good advice.
      Though, as "The Daily Show" correspondent John Oliver jested, the White House might have been one of the smaller houses Romney ever lived in.
      adj intended to teach
      Indeed, he referred to the didactic materials as a "meager diet affording singularly little variety".
      The two versions are used normally for didactic purposes and are called loosely the unfriendly and friendly versions.
      Because the poem is both epic and didactic, its language ranges from the lofty to the conversational.
      Someone who is didactic is too eager to teach people things or give instructions.
      "Papa Don't Preach" is a song by American singer-songwriter Madonna.
      Compare dictate and didactic.
      v[IT] explain or talk about sth in detail
      Firstly, one of the causes of Child labor is poverty. To expound on that, when parents are not able to properly bring up their children, that is, not able to provide them with the basic human needs (food, shelter, clothing, medicine and education).
      He then goes on to expound the fundamentals of this "beginning."
      These qualities relate to the Greek concept of ethos ('character', usually the moral character of a person, either the speaker or the listener), as expounded by Aristotle, who identified it as one of the three artistic or intrinsic means of persuasion (the other two are logos and pathos).
      In 22 years, he preached the doctrine of emptiness as expounded in many sutras about Prajna.
      n[C] a raw material used in the industrial manufacture of a product
      A raw material or feedstock is basic material used in the production of goods, energy, finished products or intermediate materials that are themselves feedstock for finished products.
      As feedstock, the term connotes it is a bottleneck asset critical to the production of other products.
      For example, crude oil is a feedstock raw material providing finished products in the fuel, plastic, industrial chemical and pharmaceutical industries.
      The term "raw material" is used to denote material is in an unprocessed or minimally processed state; e.g., raw latex, coal, raw biomass, iron ore, logs, crude oil, air or seawater.
      The use of raw material by non-human species includes twigs and found objects as used by birds to make nests.
      n[C] unexpected and unpredictable change, whim
      Three years later, he set out to make history by navigating the first manned transatlantic balloon flight. He lifted off in Cincinnati in late April 1861, and made it as far as South Carolina, where the vagaries of wind forced him down.
      The challenge, however, is the newly insured also will be less educated, slightly older and less likely to speak English than people who currently have insurance, the report says.
      So, while doctors and hospitals will have more paying customers, the report predicts that the newly insured are "more likely to have difficulty with English and be unaccustomed to deciphering the vagaries of the health system."
      The reason for this is the vagaries of orbital dynamics. The space station is circling the Earth, the planet is rotating underneath it, and the rocket itself has a certain amount of thrust to get Dragon into orbit so it can catch up to ISS.
      Because of the vagaries and complexities of history and international law, the precise ownership of territorial waters, specific land features, and underwater and seabed resources defies easy adjudication.
      The theatre became more static and bourgeois in the 18th century. The vagaries and whims of authority determined what could be on the comedy stage.
      Compare capricious, erratic, and vagary.
      adj utterly lacking, devoid
      She devoted her life to caring for the poor, the sick and the destitute, regarding this as the principle tenet of Christianity.
      I've got no problem with the taxes I pay going to the destitute, the genuinely disabled, the ones who are on a knife edge.
      There are highly intelligent and well educated people who are homeless and destitute.
      Today the farms are in ruins and the population is starving and destitute.
      More than twenty thousand innocent and destitute children die every day in the world because of poverty.
      adj behaving in an uncontrolled or dangerous way because of mental illness
      A deranged man shot and killed 14 people.
      "It clearly looks like a deranged individual," said Raymond Kelly, the Commissioner of the New York Police Department.
      A deranged man shoots up a taxi, killing a passenger, because his luxury SUV has been damaged in an accident!
      I see a deranged man masturbating in the space between the staircase, a homeless lady staring up at him with unabashed longing.
      We must get rid of guns because a deranged lunatic may go on a shooting spree at any time.
      adv in your mind, privately, secretly ¶ within
      Beware of false prophets, which come in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves.
      They come in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ferocious wolves.
      Some even started calling her "the queen". Kalabi merely smiled. Inwardly, she was sometimes on the verge of tears, out of embarrassment.
      Inwardly, they feel an uneasiness and ambivalence about their faith.
      To be convivial is to be social both inwardly and outwardly - playful and open with oneself and others.