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      adj very famous and distinguished
      At the London Games, Phelps capped his illustrious career with four gold medals -- including individual titles in the 200-meter individual medley and 100 butterfly and relay wins in the 4x200 freestyle and 4x100 medley.
      In an illustrious career she made the final of every Grand Slam except Wimbledon.
      The Grand Slam tournaments, also called Majors, are the four most important annual tennis events.
      Powell shows his great vision early in an illustrious career.
      The city of Saint John has a rich and illustrious history.
      London is a city of great diversity. It has a long and illustrious history reflected in its buildings and monuments.
      In the Middle East, arts patronage boasts a long and illustrious history.
      n[U] a form of chemistry studied in the Middle Ages ¶ magic
      Though alchemy played a significant role in the development of early modern science, it differs significantly from modern science in its inclusion of Hermetic principles and practices related to mythology, magic, religion, and spirituality.
      It is recognized as a protoscience that contributed to the development of modern chemistry and medicine.
      Alchemists developed a structure of basic laboratory techniques, theory, terminology, and experimental method, some of which are still in use today.
      Practical applications of alchemy produced a wide range of contributions to medicine and the physical sciences.
      The ostensible goals of alchemy are often given as the transmutation of common metals into gold (known as chrysopoeia), the creation of a panacea, and the discovery of a universal solvent.
      However, these only highlight certain aspects of alchemy. Alchemists have historically rewritten and evolved their explanation of alchemy, so it is difficult to define it simply.
      After the fall of the Roman Empire, the focus of alchemical development moved to the Islamic World.
      Much more is known about Islamic alchemy because it was better documented: indeed, most of the earlier writings that have come down through the years were preserved as Arabic translations.
      The word alchemy itself was derived from the Arabic word al-kīmiyā’ (الكيمياء).
      v[T] make sb learn or experience sth so that they know about it
      So, now is the time to familiarize yourself with what this Act will mean to your organization.
      The manager and the workers start by visiting villages to familiarize themselves with the local environment in which they will be operating and identify the prospective clientele, as well as explain the purpose, the functions, and the mode of operation of the bank to the local population.
      This kept webmasters on their toes as they kept trying to familiarize themselves with new SEO strategies.
      An unfamiliar helper led the subject on a leash into the testing room and walked around in order to familiarize the dog with the room.
      I haven't used SELinux in anger to date. Wondering if there was any way to familiarize myself beyond simply running up a virtual machine and doing the tutorials.
      If you do/use sth in anger, you do or use it for the first time, or in a real situation.
      "To date" means "so far", "up to now".
      adj evil
      People also used to carve fearsome faces into turnips to scare away malevolent spirits.
      To defeat this malevolent force a ritual known as " Banishing Apep " was conducted annually by the priests of Ra.
      There are those who see malevolent intent in this action, perhaps this is true.
      In August 2008, when the global recession was casting its malevolent influence on the international economy, Olivier Blanchard, an eminent macroeconomist, issued the following proclamation: 'the state of macro is good'.
      In the meantime, I've exhausted all the known synonyms for "wicked, malevolent, cruel, barbaric, sick, disgusting, inhumane, bestial, brutal, vicious" and the list goes on and on.
      Hello, Kripke. This classic prank comes to you from the malevolent mind of Sheldon Cooper.
      v[IT] keep annoying sb, esp by asking them many times to do sth
      Okay, look, if I agree to go out with you guys, will you promise to stop pestering me about Leonard and Priya?
      "Sheldon, you pester me one more time about chicken, I will put you over my knee right here in this restaurant," his mom said.
      How about this? I promise I won't pester you about the DVD. You can defecate in peace. That's a win for both of us. But, until this matter is resolved, I would like you to wear this sweater. With nothing underneath it.
      All right, I've had enough of this. I'm a grown man, I have a successful career, for the love of God, I've been to space. I will move out when I'm ready, and I don't need anyone badgering me into it.
      Oh, that's perfect. Bernadette's been hocking me to take her roller skating.
      n[C] a large, firmly built pile of hay
      There is actually very little evidence left because much of it has eroded underwater; it's like trying to find just part of a needle within a haystack.
      A better way to go is first to define the issues then request the documents relevant to the issues - that is ask directly for the needle instead of searching a haystack.
      When we looked at our list of specifications, we knew we were trying to find a needle in a haystack.
      As most of Greece's hotels are geared up for the demands of mass tourism, finding an eco-hotel is like hunting for a needle in a haystack.
      v[IT] begin to grow or develop
      If a seed germinates or if it is germinated, it starts to grow.
      Seeds of tropical plants usually need higher temperatures to germinate.
      In contrast, ryegrass seems slower to germinate and grow, it remains wispy for a long time.
      After the seeds have germinated, I move the pot to an unheated greenhouse until the seedlings are big enough to transplant.
      When I sow seeds inside, I stand the tray on the work surface in the kitchen or in my conservatory, and I put a plastic cover on.
      It's at this point that the seeds of a solo album were beginning to germinate.
      In 2010 we began building out this idea; the seed began to germinate.
      Compare germinate, spout, sprout, and spurt.
      adj supernatural or magical
      n[s] the knowledge and study of ~ forces
      The occult (from the Latin word occultus "clandestine, hidden, secret") is "knowledge of the hidden".
      In common English usage, occult refers to "knowledge of the paranormal", as opposed to "knowledge of the measurable", usually referred to as science.
      The term is sometimes taken to mean knowledge that "is meant only for certain people" or that "must be kept hidden", but for most practicing occultists it is simply the study of a deeper spiritual reality that extends beyond pure reason and the physical sciences.
      The terms esoteric and arcane have very similar meanings, and in most contexts the three terms are interchangeable.
      It is astonishing to find out that many habits which are part of our everyday lives are associated with darkness and the occult.
      However, it is also true the Azusa street meetings were also filled with spiritualist mediums, hypnotists, and others who had a deep interest in the occult.
      Mary Anne was very much into spiritualism, astrology and the occult.
      adj clear enough to be understood
      Arabic today is spoken by nearly 200 million people, largely in dialects, of which there are several - Algerian, Moroccan, Egyptian, Syrian and Iraqian - not all of which are mutually intelligible.
      Originally, these two lines are sung in a highly stylised fashion in the kunqu opera, which might not be intelligible to the film's audience.
      It is, therefore, important that we press on with our efforts to enable every Singaporean to speak standard English - English that is grammatically correct, commonly understood around the world, and intelligible to English speakers everywhere.
      Ex-Vice-President Dallas tells us that the constitution is an object to which no American mind can be too attentive, and no American heart too devoted. He further says, the constitution, in its words, is plain and intelligible, and is meant for the home-bred, unsophisticated understandings of our fellow-citizens.
      n[U] close and often long-term interaction between two or more different biological species
      In 1877, Bennett used the word symbiosis (which previously had been used to depict people living together in community) to describe the mutualistic relationship in lichens.
      In 1879, the German mycologist Heinrich Anton de Bary defined it as "the living together of unlike organisms."
      The definition of symbiosis is controversial among scientists.
      Some believe symbiosis should only refer to persistent mutualisms, while others believe it should apply to any types of persistent biological interactions (i.e. mutualistic, commensalistic, or parasitic).
      Some symbiotic relationships are obligate, meaning that both symbionts entirely depend on each other for survival.
      Giraffes have a symbiotic relationship with tickbirds.
      These small birds ride on the giraffe's back, eating pesky insects off of its skin.
      In return for food, the birds serve as an early warning signal, alerting giraffes to any approaching predators with a loud chirp.
      n[C] sb who lives alone and apart from the rest of society, esp for religious reasons, recluse
      A hermit (adjectival form: eremitic or hermitic) is a person who lives in seclusion from society.
      In Christianity, the term was originally applied to a Christian who lives the eremitic life out of a religious conviction, namely the Desert Theology of the Old Testament (i.e., the forty years wandering in the desert that was meant to bring about a change of heart).
      From a religious point of view, the solitary life is a form of asceticism, wherein the hermit renounces worldly concerns and pleasures.
      Two Sadhus, Hindu hermits
      The third story in Sima Qian states that Laozi grew weary of the moral decay of life in Chengzhou and noted the kingdom's decline.
      He ventured west to live as a hermit in the unsettled frontier at the age of 160.
      Our trains are on the same track, ok? Yeah, sure, I'm coming up 30 years behind him, but the stops are all the same. Bitter Town. Aloneville. Hermit Junction.
      n[C] a type of circular intersection or junction ¶ a fairground ride
      adj indirect
      A roundabout is a type of circular intersection or junction in which road traffic flows almost continuously in one direction around a central island. The modern form was standardised in the United Kingdom.
      Circular junctions existed before roundabouts, including the Circus in the English city of Bath, Somerset, a world heritage site completed in 1768.
      Widespread use of the modern roundabout began when the UK's Transport Research Laboratory engineers re-engineered circular intersections during the 1960s.
      In the United States modern roundabouts emerged in the 1990s. They faced some opposition from a population mostly unaccustomed to them.
      American confusion at how to enter and especially how to exit a roundabout was the subject of mockery such as featured in the film European Vacation and the television series The Simpsons.
      By 2011, however, some 3,000 roundabouts had been established, with that number growing steadily.
      A carousel (AmE), roundabout (BrE), or merry-go-round, is an amusement ride consisting of a rotating circular platform with seats for riders.
      The "seats" are traditionally in the form of rows of wooden horses or other animals mounted on posts, many of which are moved up and down by gearwork to simulate galloping, to the accompaniment of looped circus music.
      This leads to one of the alternative names in American English, the galloper. Other popular names are jumper, horseabout and flying horses.
      A roundabout way of getting somewhere is longer and more complicated than necessary.
      A shortcut is a route which leads from one place to another which is quicker and more direct than the usual route.
      President Harry Truman's relief of Douglas MacArthur as Korean commander connects - in a roundabout fashion - to President Barack Obama's relief of Gen. Stanley McChrystal.
      Do you sometimes think you are, in a very roundabout way, actually fulfilling an early dream?
      adj in bad condition and likely to fall down ¶ badly organized
      In reality, you're in 21st-century Brooklyn, in a ramshackle house in the Bushwick neighbourhood, one of the last holdouts against the decade-long gentrification of that borough.
      You may be poor, you may have a ramshackle house, you may have lost your job, but that song gives you hope.
      Dawn cracked over a ramshackle collection of bamboo huts strung out through a clearing and crowding the spaces between the trees as far as the eye could see.
      The town center is ramshackle and ugly, like most towns in the Philippines, but fortunately it is only a tiny blot on this vast landscape.
      The castle itself is a ramshackle but grand white palace, with domes and scalloped walls in the traditional Mughal fashion, albeit with a new concrete extension.
      Ever since the first Greenpeace expedition set off in a ramshackle old fishing vessel we have relied on existing vessels refitted to meet our needs.
      v[T] search or examine thoroughly ¶ pillage or plunder
      Bob is ransacking Chandler's office. "Come on Toby, give me a hand!" He thinks about it and decides to join in by turning over a chair and continue ransacking the place.
      One of the thieves had the audacity to quench his thirst while ransacking our home. You should be able to pull some good prints off this. And now, here are my prints so you can rule me out as a suspect.
      Armed soldiers from Taurama Barracks travelled in convoy from the barracks to a service station and, after discharging their weapons, ransacked the premises and tried to set fire to 80,000 litres of fuel.
      The U.S. consulate in Benghazi was ransacked and the U.S. ambassador there was murdered.
      Marv, the dimmer and taller of the Wet Bandits, he has a childlike enthusiasm for toys and likes to leave the water running to 'mark' the houses they have robbed.
      adj showing intelligence and good judgment, prudent
      And even that one can often be avoided with the judicious use of destructors to automate cleanup.
      With judicious use of public relations, advertising, pseudo science, and political prowess, this idea has grown into a sophisticated and powerful movement that is changing eating habits throughout the world.
      The judicious application of a drop shadow does just that - allowing you to see a product in relation to a surface rather than floating in a disembodied state.
      Given the need to expand the service in a judicious manner, the availability of the service has only been advertised through a series of strategic alliances.
      But with a more judicious mix of force and diplomatic coalition-building than it has managed for some time, America is still uniquely placed to influence outcomes globally and in Asia.
      v[I] survive
      About 80 per cent of families in Webequie subsist on welfare, and there was a problem with teen suicides a few years ago.
      Detritivores subsist on dead plant debris.
      Can a human subsist on a constant diet of pelletized, nutritionally complete food like puppies and monkeys do?
      All beef cattle initially subsist on grass and plants foraged from pasture or open rangelands. Only those animals that live out their entire lives eating a plant-based diet produce 100 per cent grass-fed beef.
      Recent case law has examined whether copyright can subsist in compilations such as medical records, telephone directories and television listings.
      The court found that copyright did subsist in the individual property descriptions and photographs (although not in the general factual information on the website).
      adj sounded or spoken in an unvarying tone ¶ boring because of always being the same
      Then he began to speak, albeit in a monotonous, emotionless tone.
      I know that you'd think that it would be a little monotonous, sitting for a couple of hours, writing your name in books, but I have the good fortune to be doing this with Knitters, which means something interesting always happens.
      Running is a steady state exercise. This means that it's performed at a monotonous, constant pace.
      It was a monotonous life, operating with machine-like regularity.
      Sometimes it can be easy to get stuck in a monotonous routine and that makes one feel like nothing ever changes and the days all just kind of roll into one big day that is always the same and never seems to end.
      I work a monotonous job that is safe and secure and I find life is going nowhere for me.
      With monotonous regularity you may find the app you like, download it, and then find out, after wasting time and bandwidth, that the app will not run on that model CPU.
      adj having many sexual partners ¶ consisting of a lot of different things
      Did you meet anyone interesting there, perhaps a promiscuous redheaded barmaid?
      Now, hang on, Leonard. While I have no respect for Leslie as a scientist or a human being for that matter, we have to concede her undeniable expertise in the interrelated fields of promiscuity and general sluttiness.
      "Well, it's super cute on. That top has paid for itself in free drinks like ten times what it cost." "Yes, Penny has a lot of her money tied up in promiscuity futures."
      But I can't understand what she has to complain about. I mean, she has a front-row seat as I make scientific history. There's string cheese in my mini-fridge, and that's for anyone. Yeah, and just yesterday I led her away from a life of sexual promiscuity by making her look at pictures of disease-ridden genitalia.
      You can't blame yourself. When your prefrontal cortex fails to make you happy, promiscuity rewards you with the needed flood of dopamine. We neurobiologists refer to this as the skank reflex.
      You were right. I had nothing to worry about. That skank's your problem, not mine.
      Mary Ellen is really smart and cute and loose.
      Leonard, I forgot to tell you the sandwich is promiscuous.
      adj very high and steep ¶ very sudden ¶ done too quickly and without enough thought
      What a fairyland this must have seemed to the first voyagers who approached it! Mighty mountain-ranges with summits from 7,000 to 10,000 feet high, some covered with snow and some quite bare - lofty and rugged, precipitous and wild.
      The harsh lifestyle of the St Kildans, climbing precipitous cliffs hunting seabirds, proving their marital worth by extremely hazardous acts of climbing.
      Empathy is on a precipitous decline in the family and home environments. Technology is partly to blame, but so are other social and economic trends.
      In Obama's case, 42 months of 8-percent-plus unemployment, laggard GDP growth, $4-a-gallon gas, a precipitous drop in average family income, record numbers on food stamps, serial $1 trillion budget deficits and $5 trillion in new national debt can no longer be packaged as either a "summer of recovery" or George Bush's legacy - and so are left unmentioned.
      Wall Street's precipitous fall this week reflects investor concern that growth is slowing and policymakers are increasingly impotent.
      In speaking of the consequences of a precipitous withdrawal, I mentioned that our allies would lose confidence in America.
      The objective could be to drag America into the war through a precipitous action, with Obama likely to face irresistible domestic pressure to leap to Israel's side.
      v[T] to be on top of sth ¶ overcome
      They entered the passes of the mountain and walked on, till they saw from afar a cavern surmounted by a great dome, shining with light.
      Will Fogg win the bet? Help him surmount the obstacles and find out in this fun Hidden Object game!
      What marks out an excellent candidate for a position as research student, however, is not the ability to pass exams but a mixture of creative flair and almost obsessive determination to surmount the difficult challenges involved in independent research.
      Indonesia will stand a good chance of surmounting the challenges of resource scarcity that all of humanity faces on the cusp of the twenty-first century.
      While we have advantages we also have some pretty high level obstacles to surmount.
      v[T] kill all the animals or people in a particular place or of a particular type
      It began with a simple boycott of Jewish shops and ended in the gas chambers at Auschwitz as Adolf Hitler and his Nazi followers attempted to exterminate the entire Jewish population of Europe.
      Solo opposed Skywalker's plan, feeling it vital that the Chiss exterminate the Killiks, but did not speak out against it for fear of revealing the extremity of his convictions.
      The idea that we can exterminate the Taliban is, of course, an infantile fantasy.
      Within no more than a handful of generations following their first encounters with Europeans, the vast majority of the Western Hemisphere's native peoples had been exterminated.
      In less than the normal lifetime of a single human being, an entire culture of millions of people, thousands of years resident in their homeland, had been exterminated. The same fate befell the native peoples of the surrounding islands in the Caribbean as well.
      Feral cats - despite PETA's desire to exterminate them - are not really a terrible issue.
      adj damaging, detrimental, harmful, injurious
      Although air medical transport would get the patient to her hospital destination sooner, previous studies have demonstrated deleterious effects for acute cardiac patients.
      Thus, the patient is taken by ground to the cardiac center (100 miles away), where she is immediately met by the cardiologist who performs definitive intracoronary debridement.
      The deleterious effect of divorce runs deep and spreads wide into our communities.
      Such an outcome would be deleterious to the nation as a whole.
      The high Australian dollar has had a very deleterious impact on manufacturing and tourism.
      This too has had several deleterious consequences for the Hillary campaign.
      adj believing that money and possessions are the most important aspect of your life
      From the perspective of the dominant (extraverted, materialistic, power-driven) worldview, the realm of the psyche, of mind, spirit, or consciousness, is marginalized and therefore practically invisible.
      They would contend that the criterion of wealth is too narrowly materialistic and excludes other important societal considerations.
      In a country of such low standards, the teacher stands at the lowest rung of the ladder. Besides this, we live in a materialistic world. Only those who have enough money command respect and position in society.
      I guess given the materialistic society we live in, Should I be surprised that value is most often placed on the dollar bills we can feel between our fingers?
      She seems to place importance on materialistic things and says that sometimes a woman wants a nice house and a decent car, but seems unable to accept the financial constraints.
      The culture of money, the materialistic culture has turned Nigerians into a lost generation.
      Yes, materialistic values predominate because government relies on overconsumption to provide jobs and tax revenues.
      n[U] strength
      And look at us. At this moment, we are, in fact, a Star Trek landing party stranded in an alien and unforgiving environment, relying only on our wits, our fortitude and our moxie.
      To have the fortitude to keep going through all the personal, professional and technical challenges involved with getting a product to market, an entrepreneur must be driven by more than just the promise of a pay day.
      All our finalists tonight have shown determination, ambition and fortitude to succeed in business.
      "The country is now passing through a very bad time... people are passing their days in untold miseries due to corruption and misrule of this government... this is not a government for people," she told the landslide-affected people, urging them to tackle the situation with courage and fortitude.
      Until the government actually shows some intestinal fortitude to tackle this problem the people smugglers will continue to make their millions.
      Compare fort, fortification, fortify, fortitude, and fortress.
      adj ready to forgive people and show them kindness ¶ making people feel grateful and lucky
      God, be merciful to me a sinner.
      O Almighty and merciful God, who has commissioned your angels to guide and protect us, may they be our companions from our setting out until our return.
      I will be happy to see this season come to a merciful end, so that we can truly look at some hope for next season.
      But as the two concussive campaigns come to a merciful end - and with all objective data suggesting President Barack Obama will get just what he needs, barely, to keep his job - something larger, and longer-lasting, is coming into focus.
      Suicide was a merciful relief from unbearable suffering.
      There are good, honest farmers out there who care for their animals and do their best to make sure they have a good life and merciful death.