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      n[pl] an area of land that is lower than the land around it
      The Scottish Lowlands is the part of Scotland not referred to as the Highlands. That is everywhere south and east of the Highland Boundary Fault, between Stonehaven and Helensburgh.
      A tiny southernmost part of the North European Plain called the Silesian Lowlands (formerly Oder Plain) runs in Czech territory in four separated extremities.
      The Hudson Bay Lowlands are a vast wetland located between the Canadian Shield and southern shores of Hudson Bay and James Bay. Most of the area lies within the province of Ontario, with smaller portions reaching into Manitoba and Quebec.
      Meshchera Lowlands (Meshchyora Lowlands), also referred to as simply "Meshchera"/"Meshchyora" is a spacious lowland in the middle of the European Russia.
      The Low Countries make up a coastal region in western Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.
      adj showing that you do not respect sb/sth, scornful
      In the second, he's a dupe who had the bad judgment to place all his trust and a frightening amount of authority in the hands of a deputy who was secretly contemptuous of him.
      Mr Abbott now admits he continued to refer to Barbara Ramjan as'' chairthing'', when she had asked to be referred to as chairperson. This was a contemptuous attitude, and an act clearly designed to further humiliate and denigrate her.
      The Constitution highlights ruthless, brutal or contemptuous treatment to any party by another as a violation of human rights.
      I want to know what Mr Hitchens is doing with this? UKIP have recently scored third place in the last Euro election but he still holds with the same old contemptuous dismissal.
      Ted treated Matt and Noreen in an appalling and contemptuous manner.
      v[I] hang about/around ¶ go slowly, with frequent stops
      There's a group of kids loitering outside the store.
      Nelson Police was called to Tribute Boardshop Saturday after a male, loitering in the store, had stolen the donation box for the Nelson Skatepark from the counter.
      Last week we had a phone call from one of the local pre-schools. They were concerned about a cat which had been loitering around the school for several days.
      To deter the persistent loitering and drug dealing that takes place on its front steps, Arctic Ventures has put speakers inside its porch blasting loiterers with loud Gilbert and Sullivan operettas and other unpopular types of music.
      Loitering outside a T-shirt printing booth at the Virgin London Marathon expo, I glanced at a fluorescent yellow vest hanging on a rail, waiting to be collected.
      n[s] stunned or bewildered condition
      I waved to the crowd and staggered down the hill to base camp, where I sat in a daze and contemplated a second run.
      It is now two weeks later and I am still in a daze. The whole miracle was so quick, so fast, just like a flash of lightning.
      Luke stumbles around in a daze looking for his aunt and uncle. Suddenly he comes upon their smoldering remains.
      Everyone departed the festival in something of a daze, simply incredulous at the beauty we had just witnessed.
      I have to admit the rest of the afternoon is a bit of a daze.
      adj sleepy
      Also, high carb foods like potatoes also help make you drowsy.
      Overeating will result in excessive production of serotonins, making you feel drowsy.
      You ought to understand that weight-loss product may make you drowsy.
      The general anaesthetic might make you feel drowsy and perhaps sick.
      The Drowsy Chaperone is a musical with book by Bob Martin and Don McKellar and music and lyrics by Lisa Lambert and Greg Morrison.
      v[I] expand and contract rhythmically, beat ¶ express life and feelings in a way that makes people excited
      His lips found hers, and they kissed, as his cock began to pulsate.
      Keep going until it becomes very sensitive, you will feel yourself coming to an orgasm, it will build up, keep going until it tingles and your vagina will probably begin to pulsate, you have reached an orgasm!
      Each human heart is called to pulsate with the rhythm of justice and charity.
      When more massive stars (2 to 8 times that of the Sun) pass through mid-temperatures either on their way to fusing helium or during various stages of helium fusion, they can become unstable and pulsate in size, temperature, and luminosity.
      Music pulsated from the bar into the street.
      n[C] violent movements of a person's body that they cannot control ¶ a sudden important change that happens to a country or an organization
      A convulsion is a medical condition where body muscles contract and relax rapidly and repeatedly, resulting in an uncontrolled shaking of the body.
      Because a convulsion is often a symptom of an epileptic seizure, the term convulsion is sometimes used as a synonym for seizure.
      However, not all epileptic seizures lead to convulsions, and not all convulsions are caused by epileptic seizures.
      Convulsions are also consistent with an electric shock and improper Enriched Air Scuba Diving.
      The word "fit" is sometimes used to mean a convulsion or epileptic seizure.
      Epilepsy (from the Ancient Greek verb ἐπιλαμβάνειν meaning "to seize, possess, or afflict") is a group of neurological disorders characterized by epileptic seizures.
      About 1% of people worldwide (65 million) have epilepsy, and nearly 80% of cases occur in developing countries.
      Compare contraction, convulsion, fit, seizure, and spasm.
      Zionism has already become a factor in the political convulsions of Russia, as a powerful competing influence in Bolshevik circles with the international communistic system.
      To some analysts, the seismic cultural and political convulsions in the past year, including protests in 20 nations over the YouTube clip, is testing the central premise of adjusting American interests while wielding softer power in the region.
      n[C] sb who is a very skilful performer, esp in music
      A virtuoso (from Italian virtuoso, "virtuous", Late Latin virtuosus, Latin virtus, "virtue", "excellence", "skill", or "manliness") is an individual who possesses outstanding technical ability in a particular art or field.
      Virtuoso is often used to refer to an individual with superior technique or execution in fine arts, or music, often singing, playing a musical instrument or composition.
      Virtuoso also refers to a person who has cultivated appreciation of artistic excellence, either as a connoisseur or collector.
      His countryman, Francesco Veracini, was celebrated as a virtuoso violinist across Europe.
      He studied at Southern Cross University under the tutelage of guitar virtuoso Jim Kelly.
      One particular version of their song 'Wish You Were Here', recorded with late violin virtuoso Stephane Grappelli particularly sparked his interest.
      The Times critic described her dancing as 'a virtuoso performance of quite dazzling accomplishment'.
      The strings of Moscow Virtuosi then offered Shostakovich's Chamber Symphony in C Minor.
      adv rightly, justifiably, or fairly
      Tell him we don't wish him to favour us - only to deal justly with us.
      We have waited for the justice system to deal justly with our community and it has failed.
      It may justly be said that 8 years is a very long time.
      Fairness means dealing with others consistently and justly.
      He concluded: "We should be justly proud of the wonderful medical care that is provided in Irish hospitals which ranks among the best in the world."
      adj ≠flexible
      I didn't realize prior to this work that foot to leg, I was quite fixed and inflexible.
      Mornings would prove the hardest. My ankle felt stiff and inflexible, as though it was fused in place.
      I can feel it too - feeling unfit, inflexible and have put on 2-3 kilos.
      The model is too expensive, capital-intensive and inflexible.
      The Sabbath is the all-important thing, a rigid, iron rule, unbending and inflexible.
      I think what we included in the proposal was too rigid and inflexible.
      The problem is that today's networking infrastructure is stuck in the 1970s mainframe era," he says. "It is a vertically integrated stack that is brittle and inflexible."
      adj done or shown without any good reason
      I have represented many members of New York's Muslim communities whom the NYPD Intelligence Division approached for gratuitous questioning unrelated to any crime.
      No one wants to see the beer belly and gratuitous amounts of hair on your upper front. Keep it under wraps.
      That's just to point out a few. And lets not even mention the gratuitous use of commas.
      Beijing is a city of gratuitous fences. Undeterred by repeated failure, I moved like Pac-Man in my maze, trying to find an exit.
      It could also be a good idea to strictly follow the societal structure outlined in the film "Starship Troopers" (if the excessive violence, gratuitous nudity, and bad acting can be excused, then this work presents a viable model for a functional and effective fascist utopia).
      Compare gratuitous and superfluous.
      v[T] persuade or trick sb into doing sth, esp by saying nice things to them ¶ do sth that makes the time pass in an enjoyable way
      The Word says that Eve was beguiled by the serpent.
      Between 1917 and 1956, a generation of left-wing intellectuals and activists were beguiled by the Soviet Union.
      She beguiled the enemy General Holofernes into getting drunk and cut off his head. The artist heightened the drama by contrasting Judith's serene determination with the amazement and horror exploding from the general's face.
      Although the name of the country might beguile you into believing it is a cold place, the climate is in fact quite mild.
      These and other pastimes beguiled the time until the church chimes audibly tolled twelve.
      v[T] put into a state of hypnosis, or fascinate by or as if by hypnosis
      When a hypnotized Virginia began dancing an Irish jig, researchers were astounded.
      And at the end, Dimitri would get hypnotized by Rasputin as one of the ways to attempt to kill Anastasia.
      The session took about 45 or 50 minutes. I was definitely hypnotized and while I remembered what went on I came out of it feeling refreshed, like I had just woken up from a nap.
      He can talk about austerity and cutting the benefits or working and poor people and have them nodding along hypnotized in agreement.
      "I'm not minding the color of this car anymore," I said, hypnotized by its flashy, elliptical hood.
      n[C] sb who looks for gold, minerals, oil etc
      The fur traders were followed by prospectors and by 1897 Eagle's population had swelled to almost 2000.
      Ti Manel, 85, was once among several prospectors searching for gold along the Cobrao riverside in inner north Portugal.
      The buzz around the potential jackpot has prospectors jockeying for position as everyone lines up to stake their claim in this modern-day gold rush.
      Prospectors flocked to the area in search of their own bonanza.
      Flying a Fokker seaplane, he set out on August 5, 1929 with two prospectors from Eldorado Gold Mines.
      The early prospectors and miners who came into the country learned to navigate Tagish Lake with respect - particularly Windy Arm and Taku Arm. These two areas were prone to sudden and violent storms and were the scenes of many shipwrecks and drownings.
      In the mid 1870s, gold was discovered, and press reports brought a rush of prospectors to California.
      v[I] to move repeatedly from one position to another
      If an object oscillates, it moves repeatedly from one position to another and back again, or keeps getting bigger and smaller.
      If the level or value of something oscillates between one amount and another, it keeps going up and down between the two amounts.
      If you oscillate between two moods, attitudes, or types of behaviour, you keep changing from one to the other and back again.
      When the microwave emits the 2.4GHz waves, it causes the water molecules to oscillate (because, though net neutral, water molecules are polarized) which then causes heat because of friction.
      The reason harmonic oscillators are used in clocks is that they vibrate or oscillate at a specific resonant frequency or period and resist oscillating at other rates.
      Julie Burchill is a person about whom I oscillate between revulsion and admiration but she is in good form at the moment.
      The Rudd and Gillard Governments have oscillated between being compassionate and hard-line on the issue and have now confused people so much with their various "solutions".
      n[U] a very strong feeling of disliking
      As the country waits in fear and loathing for the high tribunal to drop the dime on Obamacare, we might do well to parse the damage Chief Justice John Roberts and his colleagues have already done this term to our collective rights and liberties.
      All I know is that I'm tired of the hatred and loathing that spews from nearly every republican politician's mouth!
      Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage Journey to the Heart of the American Dream is a novel by Hunter S. Thompson, illustrated by Ralph Steadman.
      If you loathe something or someone, you dislike them very much.
      Well, initially I felt something akin to grief and perhaps anger, but that's the natural reaction of the limbic system to being betrayed by a oathsome son of a bitch.
      adj of or relating to a reflex ¶ directed back on itself
      Because the dogs' salivation is reflexive, Pavlov decided to analyze how the dogs learned to associate the bell with being fed.
      In grammar, a reflexive verb is, loosely, a verb whose direct object is the same as its subject, for example, "I wash myself".
      More generally, a reflexive verb has the same semantic agent and patient (typically represented syntactically by the subject and the direct object) are the same.
      For example, the English verb to perjure is reflexive, since one can only perjure oneself.
      A reflexive pronoun is a pronoun that is preceded or followed by the noun, adjective, adverb or pronoun to which it refers (its antecedent) within the same clause.
      In the statements "I see him" and "She sees you", the objects are not the same persons as the subjects and non-reflexive pronouns are used.
      However, when the person being seen is the same as the person who is seeing, the reflexive pronoun is used: "I see myself" or "She sees herself".
      adj situated in the middle ¶ of average size
      The medial collateral ligament (MCL or tibial collateral ligament) is one of the four major ligaments of the knee. It is on the medial (inner) side of the knee joint in humans and other primates.
      It is a broad, flat, membranous band, situated slightly posterior on the medial side of the knee joint.
      The medial lemniscus, also known as Reil's band or Reil's ribbon, is a large ascending bundle of heavily myelinated axons that decussate in the brain stem, specifically in the medulla.
      The medial temporal lobe consists of structures that are vital for declarative or long-term memory.
      The medial rectus muscle is a muscle in the orbit. As with most of the muscles of the orbit, it is innervated by the inferior division of the oculomotor nerve (Cranial Nerve III).
      adj useful or necessary for a particular purpose, but not always fair or right
      also a noun
      The Hudson's Bay Company having formed an establishment on the southern point of Vancouver's Island, which they are annually enlarging, are anxious to know whether they will be confirmed in the possession of such lands, as they may find it expedient to add to those which they already possess.
      Since it is politically expedient to be a Christian when you are seeking political office in the United States, Obama now belongs to a Black Nationalist church in Chicago.
      He was so obstinate in his resolution, that Heathcliff deemed it expedient to compel from my lips a recapitulation of what had taken place; standing over me, heaving with malevolence, as I reluctantly delivered the account in answer to his questions.
      The committee concluded, therefore, that "it is not expedient to attempt to restore the manuscript by chemical means."
      adj warm and pleasant, mild
      It was a beautiful, balmy summer's night. I lay myself down on the cool front lawn.
      The ambience of a balmy evening, strolling or sitting on your balcony with the sound of the gamelan orchestra emanating from the village "banjar" (meeting place) in the background is near perfect.
      Jamaica is known for its balmy weather, stunning tropical beaches and misty blue mountains.
      I remember that balmy night well. It was a balmy night so they could sit on the terrace, right by the edge of the water.
      I am fortunate to live in the Florida Keys where balmy breezes sing to every heart.
      n[s] central idea, essence
      Vivian, the gist of my anger is not directed at the woman holding the sign. I blame the organizers for what ensued though.
      I realize these are not great photos but hopefully you get the gist.
      Paul, I agree with the general gist of what you are saying here.
      However, I think you will get the main gist of the ideas immediately.
      He opened the article. It was long, but the basic gist of it was that the African girls thing was just a clever high-school science project, and not much.
      v[T] become the father of a child ¶ cause sth or make it happen
      As a result parents-to-be should have to attend some form of education or instruction before they beget a child.
      They overlooked a vast and prosperous kingdom from a magnificent castle on a hill. Royal as they were, they soon beget a daughter, but nature could not repeat the beauty of the queen nor the strength of the king.
      In some villages hostages were held. In Sulu in particular to ensure that they would be regularly supplied with Chinese goods they held a few Chinese hostages to ensure their ship's return.
      Some of these hostages took native wives and begot the first Chinese "mestizos" in the country.
      Each human being, indeed everything in this universe, has its own unique nature which results from its individual Yin and Yang tensions; this generates the individual character or essence of being that is one's "true Qi".
      Qi therefore does not only denote one's energy flow, it also denotes one's individual energy patterns, that manifest as the centredness with which one is endowed at one's origin.
      "The three beget the ten thousand things" - The forces of Yin and Yang which generate the manifest energy Qi, under the universal law of the Tao, produce all that is, everything, the ten thousand things.
      n[C] a scientific instrument used in meteorology to measure atmospheric pressure
      Barometers and pressure altimeters (the most basic and common type of altimeter) are essentially the same instrument, but used for different purposes.
      An altimeter is intended to be transported from place to place matching the atmospheric pressure to the corresponding altitude, while a barometer is kept stationary and measures subtle pressure changes caused by weather.
      The main exception to this is ships at sea, which can use a barometer because their elevation does not change.
      Due to the presence of weather systems, aircraft altimeters may need to be adjusted as they fly between regions of varying normalized atmospheric pressure.
      If something is a barometer of a particular situation, it indicates how things are changing or how things are likely to develop.
      No less a barometer of the PC industry than Intel lowered its sales guidance for the third quarter of this year, citing weak demand.
      Ballot referendums are a critical barometer of public opinion, and an indication of how ready U.S citizens and residents are ready for political change on the issue in question.
      n[U] a class of physical phenomena that are mediated by magnetic fields
      Aristotle attributed the first of what could be called a scientific discussion on magnetism to Thales of Miletus, who lived from about 625 BC to about 545 BC.
      In ancient China, the earliest literary reference to magnetism lies in a 4th-century BC book named after its author, The Master of Demon Valley (鬼谷子).
      An understanding of the relationship between electricity and magnetism began in 1819 with work by Hans Christian Ørsted, a professor at the University of Copenhagen, who discovered more or less by accident that an electric current could influence a compass needle.
      Michael Faraday in 1831 found that a time-varying magnetic flux through a loop of wire induced a voltage, and others finding further links between magnetism and electricity.
      James Clerk Maxwell synthesized and expanded these insights into Maxwell's equations, unifying electricity, magnetism, and optics into the field of electromagnetism.
      Electromagnetism has continued to develop into the 21st century, being incorporated into the more fundamental theories of gauge theory, quantum electrodynamics, electroweak theory, and finally the standard model.
      Some organisms can detect magnetic fields, a phenomenon known as magnetoception.
      Magnetobiology studies magnetic fields as a medical treatment; fields naturally produced by an organism are known as biomagnetism.
      The people being studied felt the effects of 'animal magnetism' only when they were told they were receiving the treatment, but not otherwise.
      None of the A.I.F. generals compare with him in intellect, articulateness or personal magnetism.
      There's a lot less importance placed on humor and sexual magnetism in the Craig movies, but he can play the humorous moments when they're called for, he has a certain charisma. He's an atypical Bond, but he still feels like Bond.