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      ac`rid
      'ækrid
      adj having a strong, bitter smell or taste that is unpleasant
      -
      Ozone has a distinct, pungent, acrid smell which is detectable even in minute quantities.
      Flames flickered out of the rooftop as the acrid smoke enveloped the area.
      An acrid stench assails the senses near the Luliang City Industrial Park, the thicket of polluting factories that locals blame for an outbreak of deadly tumours.
      My nostrils dilate while savoring the acrid odor of gunpowder and blood.
      An acrid remark expresses anger and criticizes someone strongly.
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      try`ing
      'traiiŋ
      adj annoying and difficult
      -
      This can be a very trying time for everyone.
      It's been a very trying and frustrating year.
      Meanwhile do take care. This is obviously a very trying time for you, so make sure you exercise, eat healthy food, and try to avoid too much alcohol.
      Hopefully we can make this again under less trying circumstances.
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      sy`nop`sis
      si'nɔpsis
      n[C] summary or outline of a book, play, etc
      -
      A synopsis is a brief summary of the major points of a subject or written work or story, either as prose or as a table; an abridgment or condensation of a work.
      What is the one-sentence synopsis of your book?
      Please write a synopsis of 50 words or less, including when during the series the story is set and what story or stories it is a sequel/prequel to, if applicable.
      Video synopsis (often abbreviated V.S.) is an approach to create a short video summary of a long video.
      It tracks and analyzes moving objects (also called events), and converts video streams into a database of objects and activities.
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      jub`i`lant
      'dʒu:bilənt
      adj extremely happy and pleased because of a success
      -
      The young students very excitedly showed their jubilant mood as soon as they learnt their results.
      Romney was in jubilant mood, calling his run for president a great honor.
      She told jubilant supporters that the result was "only the start" and that the party was now "the only opposition" to the Left.
      Sri Lankan television showed Mr. Fonseka leaving prison on May 21 as a jubilant crowd greeted him with firecrackers and cheers.
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      man`ner`ism
      'mænərizəm
      n[CU] distinctive behavioral trait ¶ too much use of a particular style in painting or writing
      -
      His style of teaching, his mannerism and persona were so powerful that many students actually changed the direction of their program and switched to studying plants.
      The names of people who I had not thought of in years magically popped out when I saw them. A few I recognized by voice and mannerism.
      Mannerism is a period of European art that emerged from the later years of the Italian High Renaissance around 1520.
      Mannerism is characterized by a distortion of proportions and perspective.
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      jibe
      dʒaib
      n[C] an insulting remark that is intended to make sb look stupid
      also a verb
      -
      The point of my article is not to make a jibe at people like Richard.
      She jibed constantly at the way he drove the car.
      'Did you think you had a chance?' he jibed. Feeling my face colour, I smiled sheepishly.
      If two statements, reports etc jibe with each other, the information in them matches.
      If the Obama administration jobless claims do not jibe with the numbers reported by Gallup, even the Obama propaganda machine, the legacy media, might start to take note.
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      fla`grant
      'fleigrənt
      adj particularly bad, shocking and obvious, blatant
      -
      This is a flagrant violation of all religious, legal, moral and human values.
      Then-Prime Minister Rudd joined leaders from around the world in condemning the attack as a flagrant violation of the UN Charter and the 1953 Korean Armistice Agreement.
      Your flagrant disregard for the truth has reached comical proportions.
      It would be a "flagrant breach" of the Oslo Accords, which provided for a limited measure of self rule for the Palestinians.
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      de`vi`ous
      'di:viəs
      adj cunning, dishonest ¶ winding,not straight
      -
      Laws are being used by corporations and politicians in devious ways so that the elite can separate themselves from the rest of us as the world's problems increase.
      By this devious means, the whole of West Asia disappeared from the Immigration Department's definition of Asia.
      I suspect he'll play, if only to see his devious plan bear fruit.
      She made raised maps in clay, so that I could feel the mountain ridges and valleys, and follow with my fingers the devious course of rivers.
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      spleen
      spli:n
      n[CU]a small organ near the stomach that controls the quality of the blood ¶ anger
      -
      Similar in structure to a large lymph node, the spleen acts primarily as a blood filter.
      The spleen plays important roles in regard to red blood cells (also referred to as erythrocytes) and the immune system.
      It removes old red blood cells and holds a reserve of blood, which can be valuable in case of hemorrhagic shock, and also recycles iron.
      The spleen synthesizes antibodies in its white pulp and removes antibody-coated bacteria and antibody-coated blood cells by way of blood and lymph node circulation.
      In humans, the spleen is brownish in color and is located in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen.
      If you vent your spleen, you express your anger.
      After he had vented his spleen on me, he turned to walk away.
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      an`tip`a`thy
      æn'tipəθi
      n[U] a strong feeling of not liking sb/sth
      -
      Everyone seems to have an innate and visceral antipathy to the idea of getting into water as cold or colder than liquids in their refrigerators.
      The antipathy that many fund managers are now exhibiting toward Obama is more intense even than what he is facing from bankers.
      You seem to harbor a deep antipathy toward our Supreme Court.
      The antipathy that exists in this country toward the federal government is at a boiling point.
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      mal`le`a`ble
      'mæliəbəl
      adj easily changed into a new shape ¶ easily influenced, trained or controlled
      -
      A malleable metal or substance is easy to press into different shapes.
      Gold is the most malleable of all metals; a single gram can be beaten into a sheet of 1 square meter, or an ounce into 300 square feet.
      Gold leaf can be beaten thin enough to become transparent. The transmitted light appears greenish blue, because gold strongly reflects yellow and red.
      A child's brain is most malleable and formative during the early years of his life.
      On this view the psyches of new born human infants are highly malleable - blank slates, or "general purpose" software - ready for the learning which their cultures of upbringing subsequently imprint upon them.
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      de`fec`tion
      di'fekʃn
      n[UC] deserting a party, cause, religion, etc ¶ leaving one's country permanently
      -
      All the accounts point to the involvement of the US, Israeli and/or other Western intelligence agencies in the defection or abduction of Asgari, a former deputy defence minister, who is currently being interrogated or tortured to obtain Iranian defence secrets.
      It was following the defection in early 2008 of Warner Bros from HD DVD camp that Blu-Ray won the high capacity optical disk format wars.
      The defection of these voters was crucial to the ability of the Republican Party to enact legislation - especially tax laws - that favor the affluent.
      The CIA document nevertheless states that Kamal 's defection "exposed the previously unknown 1991 crash program to develop nuclear weapons."
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      sub`mis`sive
      səb'misiv
      adj ≠assertive
      -
      If you are submissive, you are willing to obey sb whatever they want you to do.
      But the Lord says, 'Be submissive wives; you are to be submissive to your husbands."
      I did not know how to deal with my ex, I became submissive to him and I would be shaking everytime he was angry.
      You the owner must make your dog submissive to you.
      They use the education system to produce dumb, obedient, submissive and compliant slaves who won't resist their masters.
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      a`the`is`m
      'eiθiizəm
      n[U] the belief that God does not exist
      -
      Atheism is rejecting belief that there is a god.
      Atheism is the opposite of theism, which is the belief that at least one god exists.
      A person who rejects belief in gods is called an atheist.
      Atheism is not the same as agnosticism.
      Atheism was first used to describe an openly positive belief in late 18th-century Europe, meaning disbelief in the monotheistic Abrahamic god.
      The 20th century saw the term expand to refer to disbelief in all deities.
      However, it is still common in Western society to describe atheism as simply "disbelief in God".
      Compare atheism, infidel, and pagan.
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      in`vig`o`ra`ting
      in'vigəreitiŋ
      adj making you feel healthy and energetic
      -
      The morning ride is invigorating and energising, better than a coffee at firing up the brain.
      This yoga sequence is incredibly invigorating and refreshing.
      The trip was both invigorating and reassuring at the same time.
      The cool, fresh and invigorating air of autumn has arrived and with it, another exciting school year abound with hopeful anticipation and great sighs of relief from worn out and cash-strapped parents.
      Bozeman, Montana bus depot. "That is a bracing cold, an invigorating cold. Lord, is it cold!" said Sheldon.
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      lan`guid
      'læŋgwid
      adj moving slowly in a graceful manner, not needing energy or effort
      -
      "It is an old friend, I see," he said with a languid smile, as she came up.
      The Spanish aristocracy had always been painted with pallid faces, languid and elegant poses.
      The main figure, shown in the shadows is languid and the cluster of energetic activity is shown in the light.
      The languid and impeccable English accent probably comes from Brando's time shooting A Streetcar Named Desire, when he used to imitate Laurence Olivier for Vivien Leigh's amusement.
      The train sways, clanking through the outskirts of the city at a languid pace. I wrestle with the urge to pull open the driver's cabin door, take control and floor the accelerator.
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      far-fetched
      far'fetʃt
      adj very unlikely to be true, and difficult to believe, unrealistic
      -
      Our estimate rebuilding cost of 3 trillion dollars doesn't sound very far-fetched now.
      "It's a passion. It's a way of life. When you work so closely with these animals they become your family." To a city dweller, that may sound far-fetched.
      All this may sound a bit far-fetched, but companies are already developing 'intelligent' homes.
      It's becoming clearer the idea is neither empty nor far-fetched, as The Washington Post's Brad Plumer noted this week.
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      quench
      kwentʃ
      v[T] satisfy thirst, a need or desire ¶ stop a fire from burning
      -
      The two pubs that once served to quench the thirst of the basin workers and visiting sailors now cater for the tourists visiting this picturesque area.
      In most fires, firefighters use at least some water to quench the flames.
      The chili on top was the perfect amount and combination to quench the appetite.
      Don't drink your calories. Instead, quench your thirst with water or plain milk, instead of soft drinks.
      The thirst for travel will never be quenched. The more you see the more you want to see.
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      de`duce
      di'dju:s
      v[T] reach an answer or a decision by thinking carefully about the known facts
      -
      "To deduce" means to use logical assumption to arrive at a conclusion, while "to infer" means that you use your own assumptions and ideas about a certain contest to make a conclusion.
      I inferred his determination from his silence.
      Reasoning is nothing but the faculty of deducing unknown truths from principles already known.
      "Oh, I see. You guys are inferring that I'm stupid." "That's not correct. We were implying it. You then inferred it."
      "Why do you say that?" asked Lily, not understanding how that could be deduced from what they read.
      This should be fairly easy to deduce. He's holding the phone to his left ear. Ears do not cross hemispheres. So he's using the analytical, rather than emotional side of the brain, suggesting that he has no personal relationship with the caller.
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      em`balm
      im'ba:m
      v[T] preserve a dead body using chemicals
      -
      Compare balm, embalm, and ointment.
      Embalming is the art and science of preserving human remains by treating them (in its modern form with chemicals) to forestall decomposition.
      Most bodies are embalmed, if they have to be on display or lie in state for a funeral.
      Embalming is similar to mummification, which is what ancient people in Peru and Egypt did to their dead.
      Embalming is different from taxidermy, where you only preserve the skin.
      Various communist leaders have been embalmed and put on public display. Perhaps the most famous embalmed body of the 20th century is that of Vladimir Lenin.
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      pac`i`fy
      'pæsifai
      v[T] stop groups of people from fighting or protesting, often by using force ¶ cause sb who is angry or upset to be calm and satisfied
      -
      For instance, he charges Golda Meir's government with having "all the arrogance of the old colonists" when, after the Six-Day War, it chose to pacify the Palestinians by surrounding them with Israeli settlers on the West Bank and Gaza.
      Execution of Polish hostages by German soldiers in September 1939 outside pacified village
      The pacification actions in German-occupied Poland during World War II were one of many punitive measures designed to inflict terror on the civilian population of local villages and towns with the use of military and police force.
      A pacifier (American English), dummy (United Kingdom, other Commonwealth countries and Ireland), binky, or soother (Canadian English) is a rubber, plastic, or silicone nipple given to an infant or other young child to suck upon.
      It has neither been able to pacify the Taliban, nor defeat them or force them to negotiate from a position of weakness.
      Chamberlain's policy of appeasement emerged from the failure of the League of Nations and the failure of collective security.
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      in`sec`ti`cide
      in'sektisaid
      n[U] a substance used to kill insects
      -
      Insecticides include ovicides and larvicides used against insect eggs and larvae, respectively.
      Insecticides are used in agriculture, medicine, industry and by consumers.
      Insecticides are claimed to be a major factor behind the increase in agricultural 20th century's productivity.
      Nearly all insecticides have the potential to significantly alter ecosystems; many are toxic to humans; some concentrate along the food chain.
      Insecticides can be classified in two major groups as systemic insecticide which have residual or long term activity and contact insecticides, which have no residual activity.
      Furthermore one can distinguish natural insecticides, such as nicotine, pyrethrum and neem extracts, made by plants as defenses against insects, inorganic insecticides, which are metals, versus organic insecticides, which are organic chemical compounds mostly working by contact.
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      pen`sive
      'pensiv
      adj thinking deeply about sth, esp in a sad or serious way
      -
      She said no more to him, but grew very pensive and melancholy.
      He stood pensive and confused, afraid to go forward lest he should go wrong.
      In this manner, from a happy yet often pensive child, he grew up to be a mild, quiet, unobtrusive boy, and sun-browned with labour in the fields.
      Joey walks out, while Rachel is pensive. Once he's out of her room, he suddenly realizes who she was talking about and goes back in.
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      im`pas`sive
      im'pæsiv
      adj not showing any emotion
      -
      He stood impassive , with is arms folded as deputy court clerk LeCount Patterson read the jury's verdict, repeating six times "guilty" for all eight counts against him.
      Her eyes stared at him, impassive, dark, sad and infinitely weary, and he wondered how well he really knew her.
      The passengers, almost all Nigerians, disembarked, impassive and silent.
      Most Japanese maintain an impassive expression when speaking.
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      short`change
      ʃɔrt'tʃeindʒ
      v[T] give less than the correct change to ¶ cheat, defraud
      -
      I'm sure they shortchanged me at the supermarket.
      "Ninety-five percent of the time, after the surgery the patient feels shortchanged. They say, 'Doc, I expected it to be much longer,'" Badlani says.
      Biti said the treasury had been shortchanged by at least $60m last year.
      We think we are being shortchanged and we are going to fight for our rights.
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