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      adj causing hatred
      Domestic violence is abhorrent and should not be tolerated for one single second.
      Forced marriage is abhorrent and is little more than slavery. To force anyone into marriage against their will is simply wrong and that is why we have taken decisive action to make it illegal.
      Child abuse is a hateful, abhorrent and disgusting crime and we must not allow these allegations to go unanswered.
      If we make it clear that this abhorrent behaviour can't be condoned and it is said loud and clear, if we make a stand, then there is hope that it becomes further marginalised.
      We are not talking about legalising some abhorrent practice like female circumcision.
      Compare abhorrent, disgusting, loathsome, repellent, and repugnant.
      n[UC] stupidity
      I can't believe the idiocy of some people.
      Humanity will, very soon, pay the price for this idiocy.
      Their brains are mush. The TV is a main cause of their idiocy.
      The whole idea is sheer idiocy.
      I've become blase about such idiocy.
      v[T] fill with rapture or delight, enchant
      We all gazed, enraptured, as she slowly wrapped her body around the pole.
      She hung suspended over us for just a second, before loosening her grip and plunging toward us.
      Almost immediately, her feet lightly touched the first floor, stopping her descent, and she turned to face us, her wide grin lighting up her face.
      I was too enraptured with World of Warcraft to really think back and remember why I had stopped playing Company of Heroes.
      Spanish dance is ready to enrapture Manila once again.
      n[U] the science of the relationship between heat and other forms of energy
      Thermodynamics is a branch of physics concerned with heat and temperature and their relation to energy and work.
      Thermodynamics defines macroscopic variables, such as internal energy, entropy, and pressure, that partly describe a body of matter or radiation.
      Thermodynamics applies to a wide variety of topics in science and engineering, especially Physical chemistry, Chemical engineering, thermal power generation and steam and combustion turbines.
      Historically, thermodynamics developed out of a desire to increase the efficiency and power output of early steam engines.
      Initially, thermodynamics, as applied to heat engines, was concerned with the thermal properties of their 'working materials', such as steam, in an effort to increase the efficiency and power output of engines.
      adj pleasant and happening by chance
      Serendipity is the luck some people have in finding or creating interesting or valuable things by chance.
      A serendipitous event is one that is not planned but has a good result.
      Until modern methods of oil prospecting were put into place, most oil strikes were serendipitous.
      We should all feel very grateful for Sir Fleming's fantastically poor lab practice; it brought us penicillin. Similarly, the serendipitous discovery of one of today's most striking scientific breakthroughs, RNA interference (RNAi), was almost poetic.
      adj relating to the early part of the Stone Age
      The Paleolithic Age, Era or Period is a prehistoric period of human history distinguished by the development of the most primitive stone tools discovered, and covers roughly 95% of human technological prehistory.
      The Paleolithic Age extends from the earliest known use of stone tools, probably by hominins such as australopithecines, 2.6 million years ago, to the end of the Pleistocene around 10,000 BP.
      The Paleolithic era is followed by the Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age).
      During the Paleolithic period, humans grouped together in small societies such as bands, and subsisted by gathering plants and fishing, hunting or scavenging wild animals.
      The Paleolithic is characterized by the use of knapped stone tools, although at the time humans also used wood and bone tools.
      The term "Paleolithic" was coined by archaeologist John Lubbock in 1865. It derives from Greek: παλαιός, palaios, "old"; and λίθος, lithos, "stone", meaning "old age of the stone" or "Old Stone Age."
      Compare Neolithic and Paleolithic.
      n[U] a strong belief that your own sex, race, or country etc is better or more important than any other
      Chauvinism, in its original meaning, is an exaggerated patriotism and a belligerent belief in national superiority and glory.
      According to legend, French soldier Nicolas Chauvin was badly wounded in the Napoleonic wars.
      He received a pension for his injuries but it was not enough to live on.
      After Napoleon abdicated, Chauvin was a fanatical Bonapartist despite the unpopularity of this view in Bourbon Restoration France.
      His single-minded blind devotion to his cause, despite neglect by his faction and harassment by its enemies, started the use of the term.
      By extension, it has come to include an extreme and unreasoning partisanship on behalf of any group to which one belongs, especially when the partisanship includes malice and hatred towards rival groups.
      Jingoism is the British parallel form of this French word, but its meaning has not expanded beyond nationalism in the same way that the word chauvinism has.
      A contemporary use of the term in English is in the phrase male chauvinism.
      Male chauvinism is the belief that men are superior to women.
      The pejorative phrase "male chauvinist pig" (sometimes abbreviated "MCP") has been used both seriously and humorously since the 1960s.
      adj very painful or unpleasant to experience
      Bond avoids a torturous death by deliberately fainting, and he is taken to Goldfinger's base in Kentucky.
      You walk out of the meeting disgruntled but comforted by the fact that the torturous process is finally over and you can conveniently forget about HR for another year.
      Unacceptable methods of euthanasia include freezing, chopping, removing the fish from water, or flushing down the toilet. These methods are slow, torturous , stressful, or violent. Clove oil followed by vodka is both inexpensive and humane; the fish goes to sleep and simply doesn't wake up.
      The attempt to stifle his voice by a torturous and brutal death was futile.
      A frail-looking Smith, who was met by his elated father, mother, and sister, who journeyed to the Norman Manley International Airport in Kingston to welcome him home, told of the torturous experience.
      Compare agony, anguish, torment, torture, and torturous.
      n[s] a reduction in size or quality ¶ an explanation or a description of sth, a short report
      Here's a rundown of minimum and maximum recommended viewing distances for wide-screen sets.
      Murray Newman has a rundown of the outcomes of Harris County's criminal judicial elections.
      I'll be sure to throw some pics up and give a rundown of my trip, assuming I'm not eaten by a feral hog or cougar.
      Below is a rundown of 20 animals that scientists have successfully cloned.
      For those of you looking for something to read while you download iOS 6, here's a rundown of the new features and what to expect.
      Last year's price increases were triggered by poor crops and a rundown of government grain reserves.
      He leads the community in remodeling a rundown church and gains supporters as he seeks his own salvation.
      v[I] move away from the subject in speech or writing
      You're welcome. But I digress. The Nexus 10 is a great tablet, no doubt.
      Oops, sorry I digressed for a moment.
      I digressed off topic to explain a little about orthodox science.
      I digressed again a little. To get back to what I was saying, this poem reflects the poet's love of nature and her religious beliefs.
      adj determined and never giving up
      Billy, You are absolutely indefatigable and utterly relentless, not to mention unbelieveably prolific.
      Oliver Schroer was a Canadian fiddler and composer who passed away in 2008. His indefatigable spirit and devotion to his music are shown by the number of albums that have been released since his death.
      Spence's indefatigable efforts resulted in a visit by the CEO of Toon Boom, a Canadian software firm that creates some of the most commonly used animation software in the world.
      He had indefatigable energy and tireless spirit until the end.
      The National Training School for Girls in Washington, D. C. was an institution managed by the noted orator and indefatigable worker, Nannie H. Burroughs.
      The school was originally founded in 1909 by Nannie Helen Burroughs as The National Trade and Professional School for Women and Girls, Inc. to provide vocational training for African-American females, who did not have many educational opportunities available to them.
      Compare fatigue and indefatigable.
      v[T] erase
      v[IT] become shorter, softer, and thinner during labor, or cause the cervix to do this
      The original colours and details had been effaced from the delicate stucco and stencil work was badly damaged.
      That experience will never be effaced from my memory.
      If you efface yourself, you behave in a quiet way so that people do not notice or look at you.
      A self-effacing person does not want to be noticed by other people and tends not to talk about their abilities or achievements.
      If you keep a low profile, you do not go to places or are careful not to do anything that will attract attention to yourself or your actions.
      Eraser is a 1996 American action film directed by Chuck Russell, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, James Caan and Vanessa L. Williams.
      The nurse declared that I was 5cm dilated and completely effaced.
      adj used in informal conversation rather than in writing or formal language
      The practice of hunting for plants or mushrooms is a colloquial term for foraging or gathering.
      Popular filmmaker Mostafa Sarwar Farooqi has often been blamed for incorporating colloquial language in most of his productions.
      Australian English does not differ significantly from other forms of English, although some colloquial and slang expressions are unique.
      Sandfly (or sand fly) is a colloquial name for any species or genus of flying, biting, bloodsucking Dipteran encountered in sandy areas.
      Virtual reality has evolved from a paradox to a well-understood expression in colloquial English.
      Some refer to the currency as the yuan, others call it the renminbi. In colloquial speech the yuan has other names too.
      China has indicated that it will allow its currency to appreciate - following months of pressure from the US.
      n[C] sb who writes satire
      PSY is a satirist, making fun, and having fun.
      Jonathan Swift was born in Dublin, Ireland. Swift made a successful career as a satirist, essayist, poet and clergyman.
      His most famous works include "Gulliver's Travels," "Drapier's Letters," "The Battle of the Books," and "A Modest Proposal," which satirical poked fun at the English approach to the Irish, claiming that impoverished Irishmen could alleviate their troubles by selling their children for food.
      Stewart is a comedian and a satirist , Milton Berle was just a comedian.
      Mark Twain (1835-1910) was an American humorist, satirist, social critic, lecturer and novelist.
      adj not pure or clean, contaminated ¶ not purified by religious rite, unclean
      An impure substance contains an amount of another substance, especially one that is less valuable or of lower quality.
      Not only is it possible to miss a spark altogether, but the interval between sparks is not absolutely constant.
      In addition, the energy stored in the condenser and the proportion radiated in the separate wave trains is variable.
      The result is that the note heard at the receiving station is impure.
      By the summer of 1906 many of the difficulties had been overcome and the Alexanderson HF alternator developed by GE for Fessenden giving 50 kHz was installed at Brant Rock.
      Untouchables are outcasts-people considered too impure, too polluted, to rank as worthy beings.
      The reason black men were murdered for sleeping with white women is because conservative opinion held that people of colour were inferior to whites. That by touching white women, black men made them "impure".
      adj tied or snarled in knots ¶ difficult to solve or understand
      Knotty wood contains a lot of hard round places where branches once joined the tree.
      A knotty/thorny problem is complicated and difficult to solve.
      Today I came across a knotty problem while building XHTML and CSS templates for a new project.
      This leaves the knotty question of who should be managing the bailout money.
      A delegation of senior U.S. officials visited Kabul on Sunday to deal with the knotty issue of Afghanistan's approaching election.
      Compare knotty and naughty.
      adj harmful or hostile
      Protectionism threatens the future of the world economy and is inimical to the long term interests of developing and developed countries alike.
      If you're designing a social network, you want people to feel as though effort boosts status. That will lead to more effort. But competition can also be inimical to friendship. It's hard to make everyone feel like a winner.
      One group of the people like him and another group is inimical towards him.
      Obviously it is essential to ensure that inimical forces are not allowed to obtain additional bases and areas of operation on this doorstep of the United States.
      The minister (Grey) told the King that the pledge was inimical with the interests of the country.
      This inimical relationship among the political forces has vitiated the entire political environment where one does not feel ashamed to hurl indecent words against one's opponents, even during parliament sessions.
      v[IT] swell out or expand from or as if from internal pressure
      Saline or glycine is infused at 100mm Hg. to distend the uterine cavity in order to allow the inside of the uterus to be inspected.
      The blood vessels are not inflexible pipes. They should distend and shrink, according to the wants from the system.
      In the refugee centres we saw many children whose stomachs were distended because of lack of food.
      He doesn't see distended bellies, cholera and severe malnutrition everywhere.
      He sees water gushing from boreholes and drought-resistant crops keeping some communities stable.
      He growled, his skeleton distending with a sound like a hundred knuckles popping all in order, smallest to largest.
      adj intolerable, unbearable
      I find Mr Brull's pious preaching insufferable.
      Leonard thinks that Sheldon is obnoxious and insufferable.
      I swear, that man is the most egotistical, insufferable human being I have ever met.
      Ross is one of those insufferable people who correct others' grammar mid-sentence.
      I found another tweet from a student at Sheldon's lecture. "Dr. Cooper has taken a relatively boring subject and managed to make it completely insufferable. Plus, he looks like a giant insect."
      adj rash, impulsive
      Someone who is impetuous does things quickly without thinking about what will happen as a result.
      The girl - impetuous, hotblooded, excitable - poured out her love-talk like a bird singing.
      My blood's type B, which means I can be irritable and impetuous, and my intentions don't always come across.
      In comparison, her opponent is shallow, shifty and impetuous and can only lead Australia into some wasteland of negativity.
      BCE angrily denounced the decision, calling the commission "impetuous and unreliable," and vowed to rescue the deal by any means necessary.
      v[I] have a strong, often restless desire
      I have a penchant for foods like pizza, sandwiches, hamburgers or hot dogs. And I also have the hankering for potato chips or pretzels.
      Occasionally I have a slight hankering for a KitKat, but in general it's not a problem at all.
      If we have a hankering for french fries, I get sweet potatoes and we bake them.
      On Friday, with a hankering for sushi, I met up with my good friend Jeff in downtown Vancouver.
      It's a car that I had hankered after for a long time.
      While most celebrities hankered for a stable marriage like anyone else, their fame made it harder to find.
      adj extremely small
      Mortgage modification costs will play an infinitesimal role in such choices.
      Statistically or practically, we are talking about an infinitesimal amount; 24,000 is about three one-hundredths of 1 percent of 77 million.
      If you divide the 5 dollars by 5 million people you would get 0.000001 dollars per person, an infinitesimal amount. That means that each person would get one-ten thousandths of a penny!
      According to the Bing Bang theory, the singularity is not something that pre-existed the universe, and from which the universe sprang forth, but the boundary of the universe.
      So it literally existed for an infinitesimal amount of time.
      The amounts of radioactivity present were infinitesimal.
      adj not paying attention to sth
      If you heed someone's advice or warning, you pay attention to it and do what they suggest.
      If you take heed of what someone says or if you pay heed to them, you pay attention to them and consider carefully what they say.
      If you are heedless of someone or something, you do not take any notice of them.
      She clubbed him senseless with the pistol, heedless of the pain in her fingers where the metal bit into her, heedless of the ominous creaking and groaning of the ice underneath them.
      Heedless destruction of the rainforests is contributing to global warming.
      Journalists had insisted on getting to the front line of the battle, heedless of the risks.
      adj sufficiently deep or wide to provide passage for vessels
      In the United States, there are few navigable rivers through which ocean-liners can travel.
      The Harper Government plans to further roll back the historic Navigable Waters Protection Act in this year's omnibus budget bill.
      All of the state capitals, except Adelaide, were established on navigable rivers and sea inlets.
      Good roads, canals, and navigable rivers, by diminishing the expense of carriage, put the remote parts of the country more nearly upon a level with those in the neighbourhood of the town.
      In the mid 19 th century, Canada's roads were not very developed and navigable waterways were frozen up to five months a year.
      v[T] damage the reputation, character, or good name of by slander or libel
      The Qur'an makes it clear - if someone defames the prophet, then he must die.
      A six-person Supreme Court jury found Michael Trkulja had been defamed by the images, which he first contacted Google about removing in 2009.
      Paul Ryan is fearless. This man has been maligned, demonized, and defamed by the liberal media and liberal politicians for years. How has he reacted? He has faced it all with the smile and this has given him a tough, thick skin which means that he's ready to go to battle in this election.
      I was very upset that you decided to defame a decorated, courageous,U.S. soldier who died defending this country.