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      adj kind and generous, esp to someone that you have defeated
      I am sure William would have liked to have been magnanimous in victory, but he learnt from an early stage in his life that this did not pay and that strength was respected.
      We salute all candidates regardless of the outcome. I call on the winners to be magnanimous in victory, the losers to be gracious in defeat and for all to lead Somalia forward to a brighter day.
      The flamboyant captain was not magnanimous in victory, and he rubbed it in when he told of his encounter with Lara in England.
      Apple, in a magnanimous gesture, has produced an adaptor to connect the old with the new. For the bargain price of US$29 all your problems will be solved and Apple will turn over another billion dollars in profit.
      adj willing and eager to help
      The reception staff are very helpful and obliging.
      Where I have asked for additional information or help they have been most obliging.
      An obliging bellboy carried our bags to our room.
      The atmosphere is sensational and everyone has been very obliging.
      adj behaving in an unkind way in order to hurt or upset sb, malicious, vicious
      Mrs. Green! It is rude to leave a party without saying goodbye to the host! Yeah, and also when someone apologizes to you the decent thing to do is to accept it! 'Cause what I did to you, it wasn't on purpose! But what you're during to me now, it's just plain spiteful!
      She is spiteful, hateful and mean. She is the true definition of a "B".
      She was told he was spiteful and would push in front of other pupils in the lunch queue.
      We are not ok with spurting out spiteful comments and name calling.
      If someone, especially a woman or girl, is being catty, they are being unpleasant and unkind.
      adj arriving or happening at the time agreed on, on time
      Please respect other's time and be punctual; if you are running late or can not make an appointment, please ensure that you inform the person you are going to meet in time.
      Marie Hubert was our agent for this purchase. Marie was helpful, punctual, and her service was beyond reproach.
      Public transport is fast, efficient, clean and punctual. All trains and most buses have sufficient English language signs and announcements.
      Thank you for being punctual, polite, professional and all the other things that you have done for me.
      We met 3-4 times a week for two hours. All the team members were punctual and regular in attending the meetings.
      adj unable to see objects clearly unless they are very close ¶ not thinking carefully about the possible effects of sth or what might happen in the future
      Compare far-sighted, long-sighted, near-sighted, and short-sighted.
      Myopia, literally meaning "trying to see like a mole", commonly known as near-sightedness (American English) and short-sightedness (British English), is a condition of the eye where the light that comes in does not directly focus on the retina but in front of it, causing the image that one sees when looking at a distant object to be out of focus, but in focus when looking at a close object.
      Eye care professionals most commonly correct myopia through the use of corrective lenses, such as glasses or contact lenses.
      It may also be corrected by refractive surgery, though there are cases of associated side effects.
      The corrective lenses have a negative optical power (i.e. have a net concave effect) which compensates for the excessive positive diopters of the myopic eye.
      The opposite of myopia is hyperopia (long-sightedness).
      If this is indeed the case, it would seem incredibly short-sighted of the RSC in looking to its future and the building of its audiences.
      Testing showed me to be very short-sighted.
      adj having or showing the strength and energy that is considered typical of men ¶ powerful, strong and energetic
      Our ancestors were strong, virile and conquering because they lived close to Nature and so absorbed her inexhaustible vitality.
      To make sex fun, see if he would like you to give him oral sex (this would help him to disassociate sex with procreation and thus help remove pressure to conceive). If it works, it will help him to feel more virile.
      Penny had lots of friends in their early 20s, including healthy and virile young men.
      There is, to the contrary, abundant evidence that Sickert was quite a virile man who possibly sired several illegitimate children.
      This comprehensive anti-aging guide shows you shows you easy-to-learn, step-by-step simple exercises that will give you a natural, non-surgical face lift in the same time it takes you to shave, naturally cure and prevent all the common diseases of old age and naturally re-gain the sexual vitality, energy and libido of a young and virile man in the prime of his life.
      The one with the more virile sperm would end up fathering more of the children.
      In the endeavour to build a strong, united and virile nation, Nigerians have shed much blood.
      v[T] improve sb's mind or character by teaching them sth
      This book is truly edifying. Highly recommended.
      Each small chapter is compact and self-contained, with quotations and cartoons that amuse and edify along the way.
      Many thanks for offering those practical, edifying and fun tips.
      We have been edified and challenged and rekindled spiritually with your awesome teachings and contents in your website. Your Church and Ministry are truly from God's heart.
      It was an edifying experience that brought up a lot of feelings from childhood, not least due to the fact that my grandmother, my cousin and her daughter bear a passing resemblance to Anne Frank.
      adj using words that are intended to impress people
      In the midst of bombastic rhetoric exchanged among Iran, Israel, and Western states over the nuclear issue, Iranian public opinion is seldom heard on topics such as the nuclear program, international sanctions, and a potential military strike.
      Such scenes, together with the bombastic rhetoric of Iranian leaders who used the anniversary to vilify Washington as " the most criminal regime on earth, " might suggest that little has changed between the two old adversaries and that the prospects of any progress in resolving the crisis over Iran's nuclear ambitions remain as distant as ever.
      If you describe someone as bombastic, you are criticizing them for trying to impress other people by saying things that sound impressive but have little meaning.
      After a bombastic defense secretary, we now have a candid one.
      v[T] burden
      Lead weights and air cylinders encumbered the divers as they walked to the shore.
      The world has, on average, built two giant dams a day, every day, for the past 50 years. Now 45,000 of them span the world's rivers. Every one of the world's 20 longest rivers is encumbered by them.
      These decisions leave owners encumbered with an unusable property and an insurmountable burden of debt.
      The Encumbered Estates' Court was established by an act of the parliament in Westminster in 1849, to facilitate the sale of Irish estates whose owners, because of the Great Famine, were unable to meet their obligations.
      Compare cumbersome and encumber.
      v[T] beat ¶ criticize or attack ¶ completely defeat sb at a sport
      Katie flew at Joey, pummelling his chest with her little fists.
      NBC was pummeled by viewers after the network cut away early from the closing ceremony of the London Games on Sunday to air a new television show.
      One week after Hurricane Sandy pummeled the Eastern Seaboard of the United States with high winds and a record storm surge, nearly two million homes and businesses remain without power in New Jersey, New York and Connecticut as temperatures fall near the freezing mark.
      More than 130 people were killed when the superstorm pummeled the east coast of the United States late last month.
      Irene already had pummeled the Caribbean, causing floods and power outages.
      After battering Cuba, Sandy continued north and pummeled the Bahamas early Friday.
      Israel's south was pummeled with rocket fire from Gaza today.
      Ireland pummeled the Argentine defence.
      v[T] violate
      To contravene a law or rule means to do something that is forbidden by the law or rule.
      An advertisement will contravene the law if it contains a representation that is either false or misleading.
      Any person who contravenes the provisions of this By-Law shall be guilty of an offence and liable upon summary conviction to: (i) a fine of one hundred dollars ($100.00) where the person is issued a ticket; or (ii) a fine as provided for in section 403 of the City of St. John's Act, as amended, where an Information is laid.
      Under the CPLA and TLA, a dealer found to have contravened the false or misleading representations provisions is subject, on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding $5,000, or on conviction on indictment, to a fine not exceeding $10,000.
      If an employee contravenes any provision of this Act or the regulations, the employer is to be taken to have contravened the same provision (whether or not the employee contravened the provision without the employer's authority or contrary to the employer's orders or instructions).
      n[C] a shape similar to a circle but longer than it is wide
      In mathematics, an ellipse is a curve on a plane surrounding two focal points such that the sum of the distances to the two focal points is constant for every point on the curve.
      As such, it is a generalization of a circle, which is a special type of an ellipse that has both focal points at the same location.
      The shape of an ellipse (how 'elongated' it is) is represented by its eccentricity, which for an ellipse can be any number from 0 (the limiting case of a circle) to arbitrarily close to but less than 1.
      Ellipses are the closed type of conic section: a plane curve that results from the intersection of a cone by a plane.
      The cross section of a cylinder is an ellipse, unless the section is parallel to the axis of the cylinder.
      Analytically, an ellipse can also be defined as the set of points such that the ratio of the distance of each point on the curve from a given point (called a focus or focal point) to the distance from that same point on the curve to a given line (called the directrix) is a constant, called the eccentricity of the ellipse.
      n[C] ≠conductor
      An electrical insulator is a material whose internal electric charges do not flow freely, and therefore make it very hard to conduct an electric current under the influence of an electric field.
      This contrasts with other materials, semiconductors and conductors, which conduct electric current more easily.
      The property that distinguishes an insulator is its resistivity; insulators have higher resistivity than semiconductors or conductors.
      Thermal insulation is the reduction of heat transfer (the transfer of thermal energy between objects of differing temperature) between objects in thermal contact or in range of radiative influence.
      Launch and re-entry place severe mechanical stresses on spacecraft, so the strength of an insulator is critically important (as seen by the failure of insulating foam on the Space Shuttle Columbia).
      Building insulation refers broadly to any object in a building used as insulation for any purpose.
      adj bland, flavorless ¶ not interesting, exciting, or attractive
      The insipid fruit is sometimes eaten, and the leaves are said to alleviate acute stomachache.
      There the federal troopers spent a miserable winter, complaining about the insipid food.
      If you have a tomato without many acids, it maybe bland or insipid. You need acid to go with sweet.
      I'll spare you the insipid details.
      What you call "loyal" is mere reciprocal dependence. An animal that ignores your bad breath, ballooning weight, bad manners, insipid conversation and devotion to endless TV in exchange for food.
      Compare insipid and tepid.
      adj typical of or used in novels
      Most biographers struggle with the creative tension between a novelistic urge to tell a good story and scholarly drive to assemble facts and sources and stick to the chronology.
      The temporary stalling of his novelistic career also resulted in him working in Hollywood as a scriptwriter for several years.
      It's one of the most intelligent, moving, and politically astute dramas ever aired on American TV, and a rare series that truly deserves the adjective novelistic.
      The author, James Jackson, has written a novelistic account of the siege, entitled 'Blood Rock'.
      adj unimportant or of little value
      In my opinion, a resignation letter is not a trifling matter.
      The clash ensued following an altercation over a trifling matter among the rival groups.
      "At first, we decided it was just one harmless phone," says Juhani Risku. "Internal strategy analysed touchscreen phones to be marginal, trifling. In 2006 we rejected their development."
      Few foreigners probably mind paying such a trifling amount.
      If a man becomes irritable for trifling things very often, it is a definite sign of mental weakness.
      Compare trifle, trifling, and trivial.
      n[C] a flat shape with three or more sides and angles
      In geometry, a polygon is traditionally a plane figure that is bounded by a finite chain of straight line segments closing in a loop to form a closed chain or circuit.
      These segments are called its edges or sides, and the points where two edges meet are the polygon's vertices (singular: vertex) or corners.
      The interior of the polygon is sometimes called its body.
      An n-gon is a polygon with n sides.
      A polygon is a 2-dimensional example of the more general polytope in any number of dimensions.
      The sum of the interior angles of a simple n-gon is (n − 2) × 180 degrees.
      n[U] speech, writing, or behaviour intended to encourage people to oppose their government
      Palmer recruited John Edgar Hoover as his special assistant and together they used the Espionage Act (1917) and the Sedition Act (1918) to launch a campaign against radicals and left-wing organizations.
      In 2005, the Sedition Act was passed to regulate the national press, preventing publication of any criticisms of the religious or monarchical system.
      The entire north of the country was placed under martial law and roughly 250 people were hanged, many on the merest suspicion of sedition.
      Misuse of the sedition law across the country has put many human rights activists, journalists and intellectuals behind bars and the dissenting voices of the people are being suppressed as criminal acts.
      adj very nervous and easily upset
      He was a high-strung child with a temper.
      It is easy to see why he is high-strung. Eli has over-protective Jewish parents, who are not only shrinks, but they psychoanalyze his every feeling.
      By nature, I am wound up fairly tight. Some might even say, high-strung.
      She is a tad neurotic and shall we say "high-strung".
      I am high-strung and very emotional but not as much as Mahi is.
      He passed the remainder of the afternoon in a curious high-strung condition, unable to do much but think of the approaching meeting with her.
      adj considered to be holy ¶ very important and treated with great respect
      The worship of the Sacred Bull throughout the ancient world is most familiar to the Western world in the biblical episode of the idol of the Golden Calf.
      Sacred cow is an idiom, a figurative reference to sacred cows in some religions.
      The idiom is based on the popular understanding of the elevated place of cows in Hinduism and appears to have emerged in America in the late 19th century.
      A literal sacred cow or sacred bull is an actual cow or bull that is treated with sincere reverence.
      A figurative sacred cow is something else that is considered immune from question or criticism, especially unreasonably so.
      "Holy cow!" (and similar) is an exclamation of surprise used mostly in the United States, Canada, Australia and England. It is a minced oath or euphemism for "Holy Christ!"
      adj not appropriate, attractive, or flattering
      Clothes that are unbecoming make you look unattractive.
      If you describe a person's behaviour or remarks as unbecoming, you mean that they are shocking and unsuitable for that person.
      She uttered no unbecoming language.
      General Petraeus was rude, lewd, and displayed conduct totally unbecoming of a Flag Officer.
      Romney's criticism of the Egyptian embassy statement was unbecoming of a statesman.
      Compare unbecoming and unflattering.
      n[U] cunning
      Guile is the quality of being good at deceiving people in a clever way.
      Faced with his humour, decency and lack of guile, she doesn't stand a chance.
      I remember him as a man without guile.
      Of moderate complexity, the game calls for strategy, tactics, diplomacy and guile to succeed.
      From an early age, he was a talker and a schemer - a man capable of guile, cunning and persuasive charm.
      Compare beguile, guile, gullible, and guileless.
      adj always doing a particular thing, esp sth bad, and unlikely to change
      Desire is one's most inveterate enemy.
      He discusses the radiational cooling effect of sleeping on roofs, an inveterate habit in tropical climes.
      Years later he remembered that "The most inveterate prejudices were then mid-1820s entertained against Irishmen, not merely against Irish hodmen and servants, but against educated Irishmen".
      President Jackson was an inveterate gambler.
      I never trust anything she says - the woman's an inveterate liar.
      He is an inveterate smoker, drinker, and gambler.
      adj clean and not likely to cause illness or disease
      Basic sanitation is the lowest-cost technology ensuring hygienic excreta and sullage disposal and a clean and healthful living environment both at home and in the neighborhood of users.
      It's hygienic, and prevents disease.
      The flush toilet is convenient and hygienic, but the technology has its drawbacks: It uses clean water to flush away a potential source of nutrients and energy, and it's prohibitively expensive for many of the estimated 2.6 billion people who lack access to sanitation.
      Make sure your hair always looks it's best! Take good care of it because not only is it hygienic, but it improves your appearance.
      n[U] a force such as electricity or magnetism that makes things move apart ¶ an extremely strong feeling of disgust
      Einstein added a cosmological constant to his theory and that term represented a repulsion (pushing away) of every point in space by the surrounding points, acting against gravitational attraction.
      This "dark energy" exerts a repulsion that drives the universe to expand at an accelerating rate.
      The repulsion between the two electrons in the same orbital means that the electron is easier to remove than it would otherwise be.
      Strong magnetic fields would be used to deflect the charged particles created from this "millikiloton" fusion explosion, and the repulsion of the charged particles would push the spacecraft forward.
      The respect and fondness I had once felt for him turned to alienation and repulsion.
      Compare repulsion and revulsion.