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      av`a`rice
      'ævəris
      n[U] greed
      -
      Avarice is extremely strong desire for money and possessions.
      Both parties are now corrupt with their avarice.
      The white men first taught them drunkenness and avarice, and then hired them to sell one another.
      Also, in this philosophy, which some people falsely believe is necessary for the successful operation of capitalism, the success of the enterprise or the individual is the primary purpose of all economic activity. Therefore, the concept of greed or avarice could become acceptable to people who embrace this philosophy.
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      lyr`i`cism
      'lirisizəm
      n[U] gentle and romantic emotion, often expressed in writing, poetry, or music
      -
      I heard "Ticket to Ride" on a bowling-alley jukebox in Payson, Utah, and was captured by the song's marvelous fusion of lyricism and anguish.
      Dylan's been lauded for his lyricism and social commentary as well as his transitions between folk, blues, rock and gospel music throughout his career.
      The text flows like sweet honey with a lyricism that is breathtaking.
      GE's craftsmanship and industrial lyricism have always been trademarks for the brand.
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      rec`om`pense
      'rekəmpens
      n[U] compensation ¶ sth justly deserved ¶ sth given in exchange for goods or services rendered
      also a verb
      -
      The recompense of those who wage war against Allaah and His Messenger and spread corruption in the earth; they will be killed, or they will be hung, or their hands and their legs will be cut off, or be exiled from the land.
      Is the Fire better, or the Everlasting Gardens which have been promised to the God-fearing, righteous people? That will be the recompense of their good deeds and the final destination of their journey.
      Any expense payments which are only a recompense for expenses incurred in the performance of duties, are not subject to the income levy.
      This is the culture of Jamaicans - interpreting current mishaps as recompense for some past ill, however forgotten.
      Paul McCartney has said that EMI is worried about having to recompense The Beatles' camp if digital files are illegally uploaded.
      Their offenses against God's great law will be recompensed at the judgment.
      Actions will be judged by intentions, and everyone will be recompensed according to what he intended.
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      fet`ter
      'fetə
      v[T] put chains on a prisoner's hands or feet ¶ restrict or hinder sb in any way
      -
      Legcuffs are physical restraints used on the ankles of a person to allow walking only with a restricted stride and to prevent running and effective physical resistance.
      Frequently used alternative terms are leg cuffs, (leg/ankle) shackles, footcuffs, fetters or leg irons. The term "fetter" shares a root with the word "foot".
      Metaphorically, a fetter may be anything that restricts or restrains in any way, hence the word "unfettered".
      In the British Museum there is a pair of bronze fetters from Nineveh (the capital city of ancient Assyria) in the form of a bar with a ring at each end.
      The proletarian is the man who is fettered to the process of work.
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      fal`li`ble
      'fælibəl
      adj capable of making an error
      -
      Like the rest of us, referees are fallible, so it follows that they are at times totally and utterly mistaken about the impact or otherwise a player has in a particular game.
      Unfortunately, accidents happen and the police are fallible.
      All men are fallible, whoever they are.
      Our memory is fallible. It is so easy to forget the details, to be confused about what actually happened.
      Compare fallacy and fallible.
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      thiev`e`ry
      'θi:vəri
      n[U] the act or practice of stealing
      -
      In Roman mythology, Mercury is the god of commerce, travel and thievery, the Roman counterpart of the Greek god Hermes, the messenger of the Gods.
      Mitchell may believe that taxation is the equivalent of thievery - and therefore that governments do not have the right to tax their citizens.
      He used a method of legal thievery to garner for himself value that other people created.
      Cops were not responsive to the frequent trespassing and thievery of people in that neighborhood who were not supposed to be there.
      The act of theft is known by terms such as stealing, thieving, and filching.
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      im`preg`na`ble
      im'pregnəbəl
      adj impossible to capture or enter by force ¶ strong and impossible to defeat or change
      -
      A building or other place that is impregnable is so strongly built and/or defended that it cannot be entered by force.
      If you say that a person or group is impregnable, or their position is impregnable, you think they cannot be defeated by anyone.
      William began the building of what is now termed as the White Tower ten years later. A rectangular stone keep of Caen stone, designed as an impregnable fortress and as an impressive and awesome demonstration of his power to the Londoners.
      He built an impregnable wall around his existence, trusting only very few (he felt safer amongst the Hausa community, and did most of his very few business dealings with them).
      Hillary Clinton is so far ahead of her potential rivals in the polls and in the "money primary" - the race to corral the financial donors with the deepest pockets - that many observers believe she has built an impregnable position.
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      gauche
      gəuʃ
      adj lacking social polish, tactless
      -
      Some will find it gauche; others will enjoy its boldness.
      When you receive a business card, it's gauche to write on the back of it.
      From the French, one is considered “gauche” or “maladroit” when exhibiting clumsiness.
      Don't raise your voice; brash Westerners are apt to be perceived as intimidating and gauche.
      His shirt, with two gauche plastic pens peeking from the pocket, is too capacious to be custom.
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      peer`less
      'piələs
      adj better than any other, matchless
      -
      The 3-series is an awesome, peerless car that BMW has made only more enticing with each new model year.
      The NBA is peerless in international relations and marketing, causing a frenz over the game in countless countries.
      The BBC's Olympic coverage is peerless.
      He has been an excellent Chancellor with a peerless record on managing the economy, on fighting poverty and defending public services.
      Then followed his marriage with Gretchen Krass, a Swiss girl of peerless beauty.
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      show`piece
      'ʃəupi:s
      n[C] sth exhibited, esp as an outstanding example of its kind
      -
      The imposing Crystal Dome is the showpiece of the "Swarovski Crystal Worlds".
      Back in 2010 when the Nikon D7000 Digital SLR first hit the market, it was regarded as the showpiece of the Nikon collection.
      With a 16.2-MP CMOS sensor and all new auto focus and metering systems, the D7000 really was the enthusiast's camera of choice.
      City Hall station, pictured above, was the showpiece of the new subway.
      Compare showcase and showpiece.
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      con`temp`t`ible
      kən'temptibəl
      adj despicable
      -
      If you feel that someone or something is contemptible, you feel strong dislike and disrespect for them.
      What the insurance company is doing is contemptible.
      These people were risking their lives; your comment is contemptible.
      He used his disabled son to try and give the impression he was NHS friendly Cameron, which in itself is contemptible and shows what a ruthless liar he is.
      The four publicly funded health care systems in the countries of the United Kingdom are referred to as the National Health Service (NHS).
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      pli`ant
      'plaiənt
      adj bending easily, supple ¶ adapting easily, yielding
      -
      Boosting mashed potatoes with distinctive flavors or using their pliant texture to enhance other foods is common in many cuisines.
      Before it is carved, a piece of leather is wetted and then partially dried, to make it pliant.
      The second reason, however, was that the employers saw women as a pliant and flexible workforce.
      He was deposed and replaced by a more pliant successor.
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      in`dem`ni`ty
      in'demniti
      n[UC] security against damage, loss, or injury ¶ a payment for the loss of money, goods etc
      -
      An indemnity is an obligation by a person (indemnitor) to provide compensation for a particular loss suffered by another person (indemnitee).
      Indemnities form the basis of many insurance contracts; for example, a car owner may purchase different kinds of insurance as an indemnity for various kinds of loss arising from operation of the car, such as damage to the car itself, or medical expenses following an accident.
      In an agency context, a principal may be obligated to indemnify their agent for liabilities incurred while carrying out responsibilities under the relationship.
      While the events giving rise to an indemnity may be specified by contract, the actions that must be taken to compensate the injured party are largely unpredictable, and the maximum compensation is often expressly limited.
      Indemnity insurance compensates the beneficiaries of the policies for their actual economic losses, up to the limiting amount of the insurance policy.
      Most business interruption insurance policies contain an Extended Period of Indemnity Endorsement, which extends coverage beyond the time that it takes to physically restore the property.
      Compare guarantee, indemnity, and warranty.
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      an`swer`a`ble
      'ænsərəbəl
      adj having to explain your actions to sb in authority over you ¶ responsible, accountable
      -
      If you are answerable to someone, you have to explain your actions to them because they have the main control and responsibility
      If you are answerable for your actions or for someone else's actions, you are considered to be responsible for them and if necessary must accept punishment for them.
      A question that is answerable can be answered.
      The sensation of being able to go anywhere, do anything and be answerable to no-one but myself was my first taste of the pure freedom.
      It is the Parliament's role to ensure that government is answerable to the governed.
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      ret`i`nue
      'retinju:
      n[C] a group of people who travel with someone important to help and support them
      -
      It was the British, in the days of the Raj, who were known to have a retinue of servants commonly referred to as ayahs (female servants) and bearers (male servants).
      For America's wealthiest citizen, austerity is relative. The retinue of staff and the private jet hint at a fortune said to be approaching 40 billion.
      Shuja, his family and his retinue were tortured to death. A few of his retinue, fleeing to the countryside, could escape the gruesome murder, but none of the Mughal princes or princesses survived.
      The doctor and his retinue of nurses are battling to save the life of a woman whose husband, a police inspector, set ablaze on Friday after a squabble.
      We also maintain a large retinue of ministers (cabinet and state) who also get loads of freebies from the state.
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      trans`act
      træn'zækt
      v[IT] do business with sb
      -
      There were shops, of course, but a lot of the business was transacted in a dusty street.
      At any time of the day or night customers may transact business over the Internet.
      Nairobi is the city where most business is transacted.
      For example, when your employer transacts business with clients and you as director have interests in those companies, your duties as director require that you disclose your interest.
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      lev`i`ty
      'leviti
      n[U] lack of proper seriousness or respect
      -
      Politics cannot be treated with levity.
      I couldn't talk about disability with some comedy and levity.
      Many of the tours are led by professional standup comedians who lend levity to walks along the top of the Hoover Dam and paddleboat rides on Lake Mead.
      There was a sort of spirit of levity connected with the crowd. They did not regard the affair very seriously.
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      lu`bri`cate
      'lu:brikeit
      v[T] put oil on the parts of a machine that move to make them move more smoothly ¶ make it easier for sth to happen
      -
      The inner walls of the sheaths contain cells that produce a slippery fluid to lubricate the tendon.
      Drinking water before you speak will lubricate your vocal chords.
      Starting it for a brief period will lubricate the parts in the engine.
      We would have no technology higher than a horse and cart, with wheels lubricated by bees wax, or animal tallow.
      The whole system was fuelled and lubricated by the new money pumped into the economy by rising foreign trade and investment: railways spanned the country, mines and export crops flourished, the cities acquired paved streets, electric light, trams and drains.
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      dis`sem`ble
      di'sembəl
      v[IT] hide your true feelings, thoughts etc
      -
      All politicians, irrespective of their alignment, will dissemble, be vague, change their position, and outright lie as the circumstances dictate.
      The pork was, and I do not dissemble, the fattiest thing I have ever eaten.
      "Come on, tell me, what do you want?" Ghost sighed, too tired to dissemble.
      Both sides dissemble about the nation's worst fiscal problems.
      If they prevaricate or dissemble on the issue, we will organise against them and try to ensure that other candidates who support a referendum will be elected instead of them.
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      lu`mi`nes`cent
      lu:mi'nesənt
      adj producing a soft light
      -
      Aside from her stunning looks, luminescent skin, superb bone structure, dark eyes and swanlike neck, Babe developed a unique ability to socialize with others.
      She had a keen and lively interest in people and a manner that can only be described as thoughtful and gracious.
      Historically, light sources have been divided into two types - incandescent and luminescent.
      It was a breezy, luminescent and quiet evening in planet Terra.
      The workers wear luminescent safety gear and equipment.
      Most of the squid on which whales prey are luminescent.
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      de`claim
      di'kleim
      v[IT] say sth, esp in a formal or impressive way
      -
      "The wheel of time will turn," he declaimed.
      "The BBC must do less, and do it better," declaimed the Telegraph on 13 November.
      "I came to minister to the fallen, as is my duty!" declaimed Sarah and held up a Bible like some kind of talisman.
      "Liar and cheat!" someone declaimed.
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      in`ed`i`ble
      in'edibəl
      adj not suitable to be eaten
      -
      The soup was awful, very over salted, but the salad was not as bad. For a main, I would go as simple as possible; spaghetti with red sauce. If it is inedible, at least you haven't paid a lot.
      I want a retraction! Our food is not inedible swill!
      The oysters in the area are inedible.
      Inside each seed are enzymes called myrosinases. When the seed is bitten into, it releases the enzymes into the fruit.
      When the two chemicals combine, they turn the fruit from a sweet, enticing meal, to a world of pain. They combine to form a strong mustard flavor, pungent and spicy.
      It's not a problem for a human eating the berry, but for a mouse, it's like taking an entire mouthful of mustard in every bite.
      The whole berry becomes inedible.
      Oh, can I borrow this? My milk's gone bad.
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      grav`i`ta`tion
      grævi'teiʃən
      n[U] the force that causes objects to move toward each other
      -
      Gravity (or gravitation) is a natural phenomenon by which all things attract one another including stars, planets, galaxies and even light and sub-atomic particles.
      Gravity is a cause of time dilation (time lapses more slowly in strong gravitation).
      For most applications, gravity is well approximated by Newton's law of universal gravitation, which postulates that the gravitational force of two bodies of mass is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.
      In 1687, English mathematician Sir Isaac Newton published Principia, which hypothesizes the inverse-square law of universal gravitation.
      In general relativity, the effects of gravitation are ascribed to spacetime curvature instead of a force.
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      scant`y
      'skænti
      adj not enough
      -
      Although there was much rainfall in June, the region saw scanty rainfall from mid July to first week of August in the peak harvesting season.
      Assumptions shall not be made on the basis of scanty information, especially scanty radar information.
      Films must have no bedroom scenes, no bathroom scenes, no scanty clothing scenes, no demonstrations of passionate love, and no scenes of blood-shed or violence.
      Fishes will die of suffocation if they be kept in a scanty supply of water.
      Usually, the kidney failure patient has to spend a minimum of four hours, three times a week on the dialysis machine to get adequate cleansing of the blood. With time, these patients either produce scanty urine or do not produce urine at all.
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      im`pru`dent
      im'pru:dənt
      adj not sensible or wise
      -
      It would be imprudent of you to resign from your present job before you are offered another.
      The report criticizes the banks for being imprudent in their lending.
      I think it would be imprudent to make price predictions for such a volatile market.
      The minister said it would be imprudent to expect the government to provide comprehensive healthcare against the backdrop of increased disease burden including the rise in cases of non communicable diseases like cancer.
      Any budget based on such questionable assumptions is unwise and imprudent.
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