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      adj ≠well-founded
      If you say that a fear, accusation, or story is groundless, you mean that it is not based on evidence and is unlikely to be true or valid.
      Laprise said falling sales of vehicles and mobile phone parts, coupled with new energy business, have weighed on BYD. Li Qian, company secretary of BYD Electronic, said Laprise's report is groundless. "BYD has already seen its worst period and is now working to improve its auto, battery and new energy businesses," Li said.
      For the foregoing reasons, I hold that the charge against the accused persons is groundless. I hereby discharge both the accused.
      In the United States, all fears of a double-dip recession have so far proved groundless.
      What a relief it is, to know that my fears are groundless.
      n[C] sentry
      In different countries, names of particular border guard services vary significantly. The service may be called "police", "guard", "troops" or "sentinel" and the name would refer to the nation's official term for the state border - whether it is "frontier" or "border".
      "It was very, very fresh," he told the Orlando Sentinel. "It was still bleeding when I put it in the plastic bag."
      Asia Sentinel is a web-based Asian regional publication focused on news, business, arts and culture.
      The Sentinel Project for Genocide Prevention (commonly known as The Sentinel Project) is an International Non-Governmental Organisation based in Toronto, Canada with approximately 60 members in North America.
      v[I] make sb/sth get used to sth unpleasant so that they are no longer strongly affected by it
      If Stephen and Bernard have become inured to the constant stream of scandals that have cluttered the global landscape in recent times, I'd remind them of the behaviour of the world's "big three" credit ratings agencies, Standard & Poor's, Moody's and Fitch Ratings, when they attempted to escape their criminal culpability for the GFC (Great Financial Crisis) by claiming that their ratings were just "opinions" and not based on any objective risk assessments.
      The warriors spent much of their lives training and thereby developed of remarkable skills. They were also inured to the hardships of life in the outdoors or going without food for days if need be.
      I'll give up the time-honoured ritual of taking the bus down to a West End salon on a Saturday morning to get my eyebrows "shaped". It's not a pleasant process - I'm inured to the physical pain but not the emotional stress of being pinned to a chair while the threading lady castigates her competitors and moans about her weight.
      A BBC article in March claimed the people of Gaza are almost inured to the endless conflict and life in the Gaza Strip carries on as normal.
      v[T] insert or interrupt
      If you interpolate a comment into a conversation or some words into a piece of writing, you put it in as an addition.
      The passage interpolated into section twelve is now out of sync on two counts.
      For example, conventional 8MPix sensors include only 4Mpix green, 2Mpix red and 2Mpix blue pixels, which are interpolated to 8Mpix R, G, B image.
      Of course, Muslims regard the Christian Scriptures as interpolated , but interpolation still implies retention of some original truths.
      Fourthly, these Apocalypses have been interpolated by the Christians.
      adj confident and happy in social situations
      His health department head was the extroverted and headstrong Jane Halton, and under Halton many of his top health bureaucrats were women.
      The study compared techniques used by extroverted and introverted university students and found the less social ones relied more on family relationships and friendships or cognitive strategies like positive thinking.
      The study also found that extroverted people were more likely to be addicted to Facebook, while people who were well organised and ambitious were less at risk, using the website primarily for work or networking purposes.
      Do you have the high energy, extroverted personality and the leadership skills to guide students looking to you for direction?
      v[IT] send money to sb ¶ refer a matter to sb in authority to deal with ¶ reduce a period of time that sb must spend in prison
      n[C] a particular area of work that someone is responsible for
      To encourage migrant workers to remit money through banks, he suggested that Bangladesh Bank allows migrants to send home up to $ 500 at free of charge.
      The migrants are often able to gain skills and remit money back to their families while working various jobs.
      His case was remitted to a differently constituted Appeal Court to determine whether there should be a retrial and the conviction quashed.
      His prison sentence was remitted to two years.
      He has had part of his sentence remitted.
      The Bank of England's remit is to control inflation over the medium term.
      David Cameron said its remit would be widened to include broadcasters and social media networks.
      adj lacking intelligence, stupid or empty-headed ¶ devoid of expression ¶ empty
      "As an actor you can become vacuous and have nothing to offer," he says.
      Lady Carbury's devotion to her vacuous son is pathetically ennobling.
      She said she hoped to win votes from all three major parties because voters are "fed up of vacuous promises".
      And so beneath the apparently vacuous celebrity culture is a powerful hidden economy based on the struggle for our attention, or 'eyeballs' as it's known in the digital era.
      Watching the caricature antics of Gillard and Abbott, with one walking like a duck and the other doing an impersonation of the Planet of the Apes, is actually quite entertaining if you turn down the volume and don't have to listen to their vacuous nonsense.
      n[C] an object which makes things look bigger
      A magnifier is a device used for magnification.
      Magnifier, formerly Microsoft Magnifier, is a screen magnifier program intended for the visually impaired to use when running Microsoft Windows.
      When it is run, it creates a bar at the top of the screen that greatly magnifies where the mouse is.
      Magnifier was first included as a sample in the Active Accessibility SDK/RDK for Windows 95 and later made a standard Windows utility starting with Windows 98.
      Prior to Windows Vista, Magnifier could be used to magnify the screen up to 9 times its normal size. Windows Vista and later allow up to 16× magnification.
      A magnifying glass (called a hand lens in laboratory contexts) is a convex lens that is used to produce a magnified image of an object.
      A sheet magnifier consists of many very narrow concentric ring-shaped lenses, such that the combination acts as a single lens but is much thinner. This arrangement is known as a Fresnel lens.
      The magnifying glass is an icon of detective fiction, particularly that of Sherlock Holmes.
      n[C] a student in the first two years of school or college
      The term Underclassman is used to refer collectively to Freshmen and Sophomores, and Upperclassman to refer collectively to Juniors and Seniors, sometimes even Sophomores.
      He surprised many by entering the NBA draft as an underclassman.
      Our nation's current school reform agenda dates back to a time when U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan was an underclassman at Harvard, a time of "Billie Jean" and "Flashdance."
      The strong performance of the underclassmen today is a testament to the leadership of the captains and to the direction in which they have pointed the team.
      adj very tall ¶ outstanding
      The towering mountains of the Himalayas have fascinated humans since the dawn of time
      Cops' small front garden features two towering trees and other foliage that is practically spilling over the fence he has constructed to contain it.
      All around us are the towering cliffs, red with iron oxide, some capped with snow.
      The Towering Inferno is a 1974 American action drama disaster film.
      Molly Haskell, the author of From Rape to Reverence: The Treatment of Women in the Movies is a towering figure in film criticism.
      I firmly believe Wenger is one of two towering figures in the manager's chair at Arsenal, along with Herbert Chapman.
      adj wanting sth very much
      I know Mr. Roberts is also desirous of speaking, so go ahead.
      According to Jones, the university is "desirous of a positive relationship with the NCAA in the future" and won't jeopardize that relationship with an appeal.
      Through the years, several writers have approached her desirous to tell her miraculous tale of survival.
      QPR were so desirous for their first win when they played against Manchester United.
      The Government of the Republic of Tanganyika and of the People's Republic of Zanzibar are desirous that the two Republics shall be united in one sovereign Republic.
      in'dent 'indent
      v[T] make a space in the edge or on the surface of sth
      v[I] make an official request for goods
      also a noun
      Indent the first line of each paragraph.
      Each new paragraph should be indented about two centimetres from the margin.
      To set the indent for more than one paragraph, select all the text that you want to adjust before you move the indent markers.
      The content of this website is for information purposes only. It is not indented for any other use.
      We made an indent for the engine spares last month.
      The deep indents of the Norwegian coastline are beautiful.
      adj definite or with an exact limit
      Judgments and conclusions must result from determinate, objective laws, inherent in the things themselves and their constitution, and not from caprice.
      To avoid this weird result, some suggest that the geiger counter collapses the wave-function of the radioactive particle, so that the state of the cat is determinate.
      In this case, he will receive a determinate sentence of two years or more plus up to ten years of community supervision.
      Your goals should be specific, determinate, and winnable.
      adj always talking a lot
      Usually shy, she was surprised to find herself almost garrulous.
      In contrast to his usually garrulous and improvisational style, Chavez read a letter to Venezuela's Congress seeking authorization for his trip in a stern tone that was reminiscent of his June 30 announcement that he had cancer.
      Clinton is an expansive character: garrulous and clubbable, with a voracious appetite for all things worldly.
      Be moderate, don't be excessive. Be reserved, don't be garrulous. Be soft-spoken, don't be loud. Be refined and gentle in speech, don't curse and use foul language.
      A garrulous man, with the hide of a hippopotamus and the dead eyes of a halibut, leaned back on his chair and effortlessly exposed the lie.
      Compare expansive, garrulous, and talkative.
      adj friendly and pleasantly cheerful
      The atmosphere is warm, convivial, and fraternal.
      Without the convivial atmosphere of the original Starbucks, it's just not a third place any more.
      In community building, the third place (or third space) is the social surroundings separate from the two usual social environments of home ("first place") and the workplace ("second place").
      The meals were delicious, the company was convivial and the facilities just perfect.
      I have just returned from a convivial evening in my local pub.
      The final drink of a convivial evening is often a highly emotionally charged event among the Irish.
      Good living and convivial feasting are integral to the Mediterranean way of life.
      n[U] the quality of mind enabling one to face danger or hardship resolutely
      The Sioux fought against hostile tribes and white intruders. Soon, Sitting Bull became known for his fearlessness in battle.
      In 2011, however, the demonstrators exhibited an unusual fearlessness in the face of government reprisals.
      Pamela Geller is a dynamo of energy and a paragon of courage and fearlessness.
      A courageous leader, Daly is well known for his fearlessness in battle.
      adj failing or refusing to obey
      It often happened that Anna was disobedient to her mother, she was insolent, saying, "I am going back to grandma."
      There have been some really severe consequences for those who were disobedient to those commands.
      Although some parents may curse their disobedient children, in reality, they do not wish the slightest harm to befall them.
      While Islam has given a husband the right to discipline a disobedient wife, it has left only a very small room for hitting her as a last resort when all efforts to make her see reason have failed. Besides, such a strike must not be painful.
      Her tone was that of a parent to a disobedient child.
      n[C] astronaut or allien
      "Mr. Spaceman" is a song by the American rock band The Byrds and was the third track on their 1966 album Fifth Dimension.
      "I'm the Urban Spaceman" was the Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band's most successful single, released in 1968. It reached #5 in the UK charts.
      William "Spaceman" Patterson is a composer, arranger, producer, music director, director and entrepreneur.
      Spaceman is a 1997 science fiction/comedy film from Palm Pictures.
      n[U] a system of writing that uses pictures to represent words
      Hieroglyphics suggest that that ancient Egyptians were using yeast and the process of fermentation to produce alcoholic beverages and to leaven bread over 5,000 years ago.
      Perhaps their most lasting contribution was the development of the alphabet from the proto-alphabetic script of Egyptian hieroglyphics.
      The Beth Shan 1500 and 1700 houses are particularly helpful in noting Egyptian ownership since the door jambs written in hieroglyphics name the Egyptian governor of the site.
      Such emblems and hieroglyphics were usual among the eastern nations, as may be seen in the monuments of antiquity.
      adj behaving in a very honest way, not knowing how to deceive people
      He loves people who are guileless and unsophisticated.
      People can see when you are guileless and unsuspecting and the nasty ones take advantage of that.
      That bad experience reinforced my cynicism and distrust of humankind in general - paranoia, in fact.
      Or perhaps he was just being friendly, like so many of the ordinary Tunisians I encountered. As open and as guileless as the school-teacher I had been with a few hours earlier.
      I intended it for Sunday Schools and when sung by hundreds of sweet, guileless children, it produces a very pretty effect.
      adj talking too proudly about yourself
      Nottingham folk are proud of their lineage, but far from boastful.
      He was particularly proud, even uncharacteristically boastful, of his long essay on The Merchant of Venice.
      So sometimes it's not a bad thing to tell people about the things you're good at and your own achievements.
      The main thing is not to be too boastful and arrogant. Anyway, it's the way to get friends and career promotion.
      What outrages me is the people that are boastful about making "$300K in a year on property".
      v[T] satisfy an appetite or desire fully/to excess
      The mid-nineteenth century discovery of diamonds near the Orange River in South Africa sparked the world's biggest diamond rush, and helped to satiate the world's increasing appetite for diamonds.
      Due to unchecked consumerism, men have to go to all extremes to satiate the whims of the household.
      Our emphasis will be on making films of all genres which will satiate the palette of all kinds of audiences.
      All along the trip, tourists can satiate their taste buds by experiencing the taste of different recipes made out of cocoa and chocolate.
      adj overfamiliar through overuse
      Search engines rank sites with fresh and original content better than sites with hackneyed and faded content.
      "One day," he predicted, squirming to recall his hackneyed phrase, "this bank will find itself between a rock and a hard place."
      It's a hackneyed phrase, but "Peace in our time" certainly applies to the destruction of IRA weapons that ended the 30-year Northern Ireland conflict, in which 3,500 people died.
      Professor Bernard Lewis of Princeton University first coined the hackneyed expression "clash of civilizations".
      Her over-the-top, shrill performance will set your teeth on edge. Her entrance also marks the downward spiral of the film. Hackneyed plot devices like memory loss, a random bomb on a train, and some corny dialogue mean that the film degenerates rapidly.
      n[C] a main branch on a tree
      Bough may refer to the branch of a tree. It is also a surname.
      Something was hanging beneath it, and she lifted the candle to see what it was. A bough of mistletoe.
      Insulate your body from the ground and snow. Snap branch ends to make a bough bed at least 8 inches thick.
      We were chopping down a tree east of the Outstation when I remembered this is how the Old Man and I had first met. Somewhere out east in Alyawarr country collecting trees and branches to make a bough shelter.
      adj bad-tempered
      Being well rested is very important to a relationship. Otherwise, one is grouchy and impatient and does not have energy to be engaged in the relationship.
      The toddler wake up from his nap grouchy and clearly needing more sleep.
      I was very grouchy and telling Jim not to waste the camera card space as he was video taping grouchy me.
      I was feeling extremely depressed, grouchy and generally down, and taking it out on everyone around me.
      If you could not sleep well the night before the interview, chances are you will wake up feel grouchy and even fall sick before an interview.